File Downloads



015 (29MB)

MIAs IN VIETNAM - Report on Recent Searches
700 Club Fact Sheet: As featured on the
700 Club Newswatch, February 3, 1994
ANIMATED CLOCK v3.0 - a program for children
from pre-school through third grade that
teaches time in a variety of ways. This
life skill program helps them convert digital
time to analog and vice-versa. Various levels
and context sensitive help are provided.
Animated rewards pop out of the cuckoo clock
doors, and 10 correct answers get a full-
screen silly animation. EGA and Hard Drive
required. Keyboard ad mouse support.

The most effective tutorial that teaches subtleties of English.
It is fully compatible with XT/286/386/486/PENTIUM;TEXT/CGA/EGA
Advanced English Computer Tutor (AECT) is an innovative
tutorial that teaches you subtleties of the English
language. The program is significantly useful for those
who have a good command of English, yet find certain
features of this language somewhat puzzling. The AECT
tutorial elegantly highlights these aspects of the
language and improves your speech and writing skills.
This is a shareware program. You are free to copy and distribute
it as long as you do not charge the customer more than actual
reproduction and transmission costs.
* To receive the registered copy of this *
* tutorial, please send your name, address, *
* and a check for $38.50 to: *
* M. Malekzadeh, Ph.D. *
* MaxTex International *
* The AECT Program *
* P. O. Box 8161, Van Nuys, CA 91409-8161 *
* To get more information on this tutorial *
* and the registration form, type READ-ME at *
* the DOS prompt and choose ORDER FORM from *
* the menu. *
NOTICE: To print this document takes approx 25 pages on a wide carriage
printer or 50 pages on a narrow one. If you print it on a narrow printer,
you will have to butt together the second half, since the data did not fit in
the width of a standard 8" sheet.
AIRPTS13.ZIP Compiled by Alfred Grech, North York, Ontario
USENET: 1:229/15, Toronto Canada
NOTE: Navaids shown with "?" are not known and are fictitious.
EBAW ANR EUR-NBE ANTWERP Belg Eur 355 29 - 109.1
EBBR BRU EUR-NBE BRUSSELS Nat Bel Eur412.00 314 25R - 111.25 184
EBBR BRU EUR-NBE BRUSSELS Nat Bel Eur114.65 314 07L - 111.00 184
EBBR BRU EUR-NBE BRUSSELS Nat Bel Eur114.65 314 02 - 108.80 184
EBCI BMO EUR-NBE CHARLELOI Bel Eur110.95 323 25 - 110.90
CIV EUR-NBE CHIEVRE Belgiun Eur113.20 26 - 108.55
EBCV ONW EUR-NBE DEURNE Belgium Eur 355 29 - 109.10
EBGB EUR-NBE GRIMBERGEN Bel Eur114.90 355 07/25 121
EBLG BLG EUR-NBE LIEGE Belgium Eur109.40 290 23L - 110.50
ELLS LUX EUR-NBE LUXEMBOURG Lux Eur112.25 368 24 - 110.60 1380
EBOS OST EUR-NBE OOSTENDE Belgium Eur 399 26 - 109.50
EUR-NBE ZAVENTEM Belgium Eur116.40 395 19 - 110.50 0
EUR-NBE ZAVENTEM Belgium Eur116.40 395 09 -110.30 0
EDBT BER EUR-NGE BERLIN Ger Eur112.30 26L - 109.30 121
EDDK-KBO EUR-NGE BONN/KOLN Ger Eur112.15 32R - 109.70 300
EUR-NGE BREMEN Germany Eur117.45 09 - 110.30
EUR-NGE BREMEN Germany Eur117.45 27 - 110.90
EUR-NGE CHIEMSEE Ger Eur112.30 331 24 - 109.50
EDDL DUS EUR-NGE DUSSELDORF Ger Eur115.15 323 06 - 111.50
EDDL DUS EUR-NGE DUSSELDORF Ger Eur115.15 323 24 - 109.90
EUR-NGE EIFFEL Germany Eur108.60 474 24 - 110.70
EUR-NGE EMDEN Germany Eur 06/24
EDDF FRA EUR-NGE FRANKFURT Mn Ger Eur114.20 297 25R - 109.50 364
EDDF FRA EUR-NGE FRANKFURT Mn Ger Eur114.20 297 07L - 110.10 364
EDDF FRA EUR-NGE FRANKFURT Mn Ger Eur114.20 297 25L - 110.70 364
FRA EUR-NGE FRANKFURT Mn Ger Eur114.20 297 07R - 111.10 364
EUR-NGE FREIBURG Ger Eur108.80 376 23 - 110.10 799
EUR-NGE FREIBURG Ger Eur108.80 376 16 - 109.50 799
EDDH HAM EUR-NGE HAMBURG Ger Eur115.10 339 05 - 110.50 53
EDDH HAM EUR-NGE HAMBURG Ger Eur115.10 339 05 - 110.50 53
EDDK-KBO EUR-NGE KOLN/BONN Ger Eur112.15 14L - 110.90 300
EDDK-KBO EUR-NGE KOLN/BONN Ger Eur112.15 32R - 109.70 300
EUR-NGE MANNHEIM Ger Eur115.95 09/27 761
EDDM MUC EUR-NGE MUNICH Ger Eur112.30 - 108.70 1738
EDDM MUC EUR-NGE MUNICH Ger Eur112.30 - 108.30 1738
EDDM MUC EUR-NGE MUNICH Ger Eur112.30 - 110.90 1738
EDDM MUC EUR-NGE MUNICH Ger Eur112.30 - 110.30 1738
EDDN NUE EUR-NGE NURENBERG Ger Eur117.40 26L - 108.30 1046
EDDN NUE EUR-NGE NURENBERG Ger Eur117.40 08R - 110.90 1046
EDDN NUE EUR-NGE NURENBERG Ger Eur117.40 26R - 108.70 1046
EDDN NUE EUR-NGE NURENBERG Ger Eur117.40 08L - 110.30 1046
RHI EUR-NGE RHINE Ger Eur114.30 332 3/21 144
RHI EUR-NGE RHINE Ger Eur114.30 332 10/28 144
0000 SCN EUR-NGE SAARBRUCKEN Ger Eur113.85 360 27 - 108.70 1057
0000 SCN EUR-NGE SAARBRUCKEN Ger Eur113.85 360 23 - 110.10 1057
INN EUR-NOR AUSTRIA Innsbruck Eur109.70 420 247
INN EUR-NOR AUSTRIA Innsbruck Eur 420 08 - 109.70
LOWS SZG EUR-NOR AUSTRIA Salsburg Eur113.80 16 - 109.90 1411
EUR-NOR DENMARK Bornholm Eur112.00 334 11 - 110.30
EUR-NOR DENMARK Bornholm Eur112.00 334 29 - 110.30
EKCH CPH EUR-NOR DENMARK Copenhagen Eur112.50 341 04R - 109.30 16
EKCH CPH EUR-NOR DENMARK Copenhagen Eur112.50 341 04L - 110.50 16
EKCH CPH EUR-NOR DENMARK Copenhagen Eur112.50 341 12 - 109.90 16
EKCH CPH EUR-NOR DENMARK Copenhagen Eur112.50 341 22R - 110.90 16
EKCH CPH EUR-NOR DENMARK Copenhagen Eur112.50 341 30 - 108.90 16
BIKF KEF EUR-NOR ICELAND Keflavik 12 112.00 392 11/29-109.50
BIRK REK EUR-NOR ICELAND Reyklavik 12 109.10 319 20 - 109.90
AMS EUR-NOR NETHER Amster SchipEur117.35 395 09 - 114.10 -39
AMS EUR-NOR NETHER Amster SchipEur117.35 395 19R - 114.40 -39
AMS EUR-NOR NETHER Amster SchipEur117.35 395 27 - 114.20 -39
AMS EUR-NOR NETHER Amster SchipEur117.35 395 01 - 114.30 -39
EHGG-EEL EUR-NOR NETHER Eelde Eur112.40 350 06 - 111.10
EHGG-EEL EUR-NOR NETHER Eelde Eur112.40 350 24 - 108.30
EHGG-EEL EUR-NOR NETHER Eelde Eur112.40 350 27 - 111.50
EHGG-EEL EUR-NOR NETHER Eelde Eur112.40 350 01 - 111.30
EHHO EUR-NOR NETHER Hoogeveen Eur 10/28 40
0000 RTM EUR-NOR NETHER Rotterdam Eur110.40 374 22 - 116.90
0000 RTM EUR-NOR NETHER Rotterdam Eur110.40 376 04 - 116.80
EUR-NOR NETHER Teuge Eur111.10 08/26
ENGM OSL EUR-NOR NORWAY Oslo FornebuEur113.40 376 19/01 32
ENGM OSL EUR-NOR NORWAY Oslo FornebuEur113.40 376 06 - 109.70 32
ENGM OSL EUR-NOR NORWAY Oslo FornebuEur113.40 376 24 - 110.90 32
GOR? EUR-NOR RUS Gorki Eur114.60 381 502
UUEE SVO EUR-NOR RUS Mosc SheremetevEur114.60 18 - 113.10 1541
UUEE SVO EUR-NOR RUS Mosc SheremetevEur114.60 07L- 111.30 1541
UUEE SVO EUR-NOR RUS Mosc SheremetevEur114.60 25R - 111.90 1541
UUEE SVO EUR-NOR RUS Mosc SheremetevEur114.60 36 - 109.90 1541
EUR-NOR RUS Mosc Vnukovo Eur 389 03 - 111.70 681
EUR-NOR RUS Mosc Vnukovo Eur 389 24 - 111.10 681
UUWW VKO EUR-NOR RUS Moscow Eur117.00 ?12/110.50
ULLL LED EUR-NOR RUS St Petersburg Eur113.40 489 10 - 111.90 80
LSGG GVA EUR-NOR SWITZER Geneva Eur113.90 378 23 - 109.90 1411
LSZA LUG EUR-NOR SWITZER Lugano Eur113.70 403 03 - 111.50 943
LSZH ZRH EUR-NOR SWITZER Zurich Eur116.40 16 - 110.30 1445
ZRH EUR-NOR SWITZER Zurich Eur115.00 14 - 108.30 1445
EUR-NUK BARROW N F W Isl G2 109.40 385 47
EGAA GAD EUR-NUK BELFAST Ald IR Eur117.20 322 25 - 109.70 267
EGAA GAD EUR-NUK BELFAST Ald IR Eur117.20 322 17 - 110.90 267
EGBB BHX EUR-NUK BIRMINGHAM Eur112.90 15 - 110.10 325
EGBB BHX EUR-NUK BIRMINGHAM Eur112.90 33 - 110.10 325
EGGD BRS EUR-NUK BRISTOL Eur117.45 380 09 - 110.15 620
EGGD BRS EUR-NUK BRISTOL Eur117.45 380 27 - 110.15 620
EGFF EUR-NUK BRISTOL Filton Eur117.45 380 10 - 110.55 226
EGFF EUR-NUK BRISTOL Filton Eur117.45 380 28 - 110.55 226
CWL EUR-NUK CARDIFF WA Eur117.45 363 30 - 110.70 220
EIKN EUR-NUK CONNAUGHT IR Eur 389 27 - 110.70
EICK ORK EUR-NUK CORK IR Eur114.60 343 25 - 109.70 502
EICK ORK EUR-NUK CORK IR Eur114.60 343 17 - 109.90 502
EGDR EUR-NUK CULDROSE RAF Eur114.20 356 12/30 267
EUR-NUK DARLINGTON Teesid Eur 347 - 111.30
EIDW DUB EUR-NUK DUBLIN IR Eur114.90 397 23 - 114.90 222
EIDW DUB EUR-NUK DUBLIN IR Eur114.90 397 28 - 108.90 222
DUB EUR-NUK DUBLIN IR Eur114.90 397 16 - 111.50 222
EGPH EDI EUR-NUK EDINBURGH SC Eur 341 07 - 108.90 135
EGPF GLA EUR-NUK GLASGOW SC Eur115.40 23 - 109.30 26
EGPF GLA EUR-NUK GLASGOW SC Eur115.40 05 - 110.10 26
EGNS IOM EUR-NUK ISLE OF MAN Eur112.20 359 27 - 110.90 55
EGNS IOM EUR-NUK ISLE OF MAN Eur112.20 366 09 - 111.75 55
EGHJ EUR-NUK ISLE OF WIGHT Eur 276 12 - 274.2 56
EGHC EUR-NUK LANDS END Eur114.20 298 17/35 401
EGKK LGW EUR-NUK LONDON Gatwick Eur115.30 353 08R - 110.90 203
EGKK LGW EUR-NUK LONDON Gatwick Eur115.30 353 26L - 110.90 203
EGGL LHR EUR-NUK LONDON Heathrow Eur113.60 357 09L - 110.30 79
EGGL LHR EUR-NUK LONDON Heathrow Eur113.60 357 27R - 110.30 79
EGGL LHR EUR-NUK LONDON Heathrow Eur113.60 357 09R - 109.50 79
EGGL LHR EUR-NUK LONDON Heathrow Eur113.60 357 17L - 109.50 79
EGCC MHT EUR-NUK MANCHESTER Eur113.55 380 24 - 109.50 256
EGCC MHT EUR-NUK MANCHESTER Eur113.55 388 06 - 109.50 256
EGPK PIX EUR-NUK PRESTWICK SC Eur117.50 355 13 - 109.50 66
EGPK PIX EUR-NUK PRESTWICK SC Eur117.50 355 31 - 110.30 66
EINN SNN EUR-NUK SHANNON IRE Eur113.30 352 24 - 109.50
EGNV MME EUR-NUK TEES-SIDE Darling Eur 347 - 111.30
FPD EUR-SFR LE BOURGET Eur108.80 334 25 - 111.10 216
FPD EUR-SFR LE BOURGET Eur108.80 334 07 - 109.90 216
LH0 EUR-SFR LE HAVRE Eur110.20 346 312
EUR-SFR LE MANS Eur115.20 194
0000 LTQ EUR-SFR LE TOUQUET Eur113.80 36
LFQQ LIL EUR-SFR LILLE France Eur112.60 159
MEL EUR-SFR MELUN Villaroche Eur109.80 29 - 110.50
LFMN NCE EUR-SFR NICE France Eur116.40 05L - 110.25 1518
LFMN NCE EUR-SFR NICE France Eur116.40 05R - 110.85 1518
LFPG CDG EUR-SFR PARIS De Gaulle Eur110.90 356 27 - 110.70 387
LFPG CDG EUR-SFR PARIS De Gaulle Eur110.90 356 09 - 121.15 387
LFPG CDG EUR-SFR PARIS De Gaulle Eur110.90 343 10 - 108.70 387
LFPO ORY EUR-SFR PARIS Orly Eur111.20 402 07 - 108.50 292
FAB EUR-SFR ST AUBIN Eur115.80 344
**** EUR-SIT **** ITALY **** *** * ITALY *
LIPY EUR-SIT ANCONA Falconara Eur110.65 374 23 - 111.90 15
LIBD BRI EUR-SIT BARI Palese Macch Eur115.30 401 07 - 109.30 54
LIME EUR-SIT BERGAMO Orio Eur112.60 373 29 - 108.70 237
LIPE BLQ EUR-SIT BOLOGNA Panigale Eur112.20 413 12 - 108.90 38
LIBR BDS EUR-SIT BRINDISI Eur113.20 363 32 - 109.50 15
LICZ CTA EUR-SIT CATANIA Fon Rossa Eur112.10 345 08 - 109.90 13
LICZ EUR-SIT CATANIA Sigonella Eur112.10 325 28 - 110.30 24
CAT EUR-SIT CATANIA Sigonella Eur112.10 325 03 - 109.30 24
COM EUR-SIT COMO Eur116.00 333 29 - 110.90 202
COM EUR-SIT COMO Eur116.00 333 36 - 110.30 202
LIRQ FLR EUR-SIT FIRENZE Peretola Eur115.20 366 23/05 41
LIRQ FLR EUR-SIT FLORENCE Peret Eur115.20 366 23/05 41
LIMJ GOA EUR-SIT GENOVA Sestri Eur112.80 318 35 - 109.90 13
LIMJ GOA EUR-SIT GENOVA Sestri Eur112.80 318 29 - 109.30 13
LIMM LIN EUR-SIT MILANO Linate Eur116.00 386 36R- 110.30 108
LIMC MXP EUR-SIT MILANO Malpensa Eur111.20 364 29 - 110.90 234
LIMC MXP EUR-SIT MILANO Malpensa Eur111.20 364 21 - 109.30 234
LIMC MXP EUR-SIT MILANO Malpensa Eur111.20 364 35R- 109.90 234
LIMC MXP EUR-SIT MILANO Malpensa Eur111.20 364 36 - 110.30 234
LIRN NAP EUR-SIT NAPOLI Capodichin Eur115.80 362 24 - 109.50 90
LICP EUR-SIT PALERMO Boc Fal Eur113.00 329 20 - 109.90 105
LICJ PMO EUR-SIT PALERMO Pta Raisi Eur113.00 329 25 - 109.50 20
LIRZ EUR-SIT PERUGIA S Edigio Eur 01/19 211
LIRP PSA EUR-SIT PISA S Giusto Eur115.20 360 12 - 108.90 3
LIRP PSA EUR-SIT PISA S Giusto Eur115.20 360 04 - 109.70 15
LICR REG EUR-SIT REGGIO CALABR Eur111.00 325 33 - 109.30 26
LIJB CIA EUR-SIT ROMA Ciampino Eur 412 15 - 109.90 130
LIRF FCO EUR-SIT ROMA Fiumicino Eur114.90 412 34R - 109.30 4
LIRF FCO EUR-SIT ROMA Fiumicino Eur114.90 412 16L - 108.10 4
LIRF FCO EUR-SIT ROMA Fiumicino Eur114.90 412 25 - 109.70 4
LIRF FCO EUR-SIT ROMA Fiumicino Eur114.90 412 16R - 110.30 4
LIRU ROM EUR-SIT ROMA Urbe Eur 16/34 17
LIMA EUR-SIT TORINO Aeritalia Eur109.50 357 10L/28R 288
TRN EUR-SIT TORINO Caselle Eur109.50 357 36 - 109.50 801
0000 TRP EUR-SIT TRAPANI Birgi Eur 7
LIVT TRS EUR-SIT TRIESTE Eur114.20 09 - 109.70 39
LIPV VCE EUR-SIT VENEZIA S Nicolo' Eur114.50 420 04/22 7
LIPZ EUR-SIT VENEZIA Tessera Eur114.50 420 07 - 109.30 7
0000 VRN EUR-SIT VERONA Eur115.80 05 - 110.10
0000 VRN EUR-SIT VERONA Eur115.80 05 - 110.10
0000 AMR EUR-SPN ALMERIA Spain Eur114.10 284 26 - 109.90 50
LPPD PDL EUR-SPN AZORES Pta Del GadaEur109.50 371 259
EUR-SPN AZORES San Miguel Eur?114.90 ?26 - 110.30
EUR-SPN AZORES Terceira Eur?109.05?123 ?32-109.50
LEBL BCN EUR-SPN BARCEL El Prat Eur114.30 355 25 - 109.50
LEBL BCN EUR-SPN BARCEL El Prat Eur114.30 367 07 - 110.30
0000 ACE EUR-SPN CAN:ARRECIFE Lanz Eur113.70 310 04 - 115.20 52
0000 FUE EUR-SPN CAN:FUERTEVENTURA Eur114.10 285 01 - 109.50 78
FNC EUR-SPN CAN:GANDO Gr.Can Eur112.90 350 03L - 109.90 82
PAL? EUR-SPN CAN:HIERRO La PalmaEur116.40 376 15/33 170
TFS EUR-SPN CAN:REINA Tener S Eur116.40 317 08 - 109.70 216
GCXOTCI EUR-SPN CAN:TENERIFE N Eur112.50 350 30 - 110.30 2079
EUR-SPN CASTELLON DL PLANA Eur?110.4 ?359 ?20 - 110.30
0000 COR EUR-SPN CORDOBA Spain Eur 366 04/22 295
LXGB GIB EUR-SPN GIBRALTAR (UK) Eur113.00 274 09 - 117.75 15
LXGB GIB EUR-SPN GIBRALTAR (UK) Eur113.00 274 27 - 117.25 15
LEGR CRX EUR-SPN GRANADA Eur113.40 285 09 - 109.30 1860
0000 XRY EUR-SPN JEREZ Eur113.80 274 21 - 108.90 91
LPPT LIS EUR-SPN LISBON Portugal Eur?111.90 ?10 - 111.10
LPPT LIS EUR-SPN LISBON Portugal Eur?111.90 ?32 - 111.15
GDV EUR-SPN MADEIRA Funchal Eur112.90 365 03L - 109.90
LEMM MAD EUR-SPN MADRID Spain Eur114.50 369 10 - 110.30
LEMM MAD EUR-SPN MADRID Spain Eur114.50 369 13 - 109.50
LEMM MAD EUR-SPN MADRID Spain Eur114.50 369 19 - 109.30
LEMM MAD EUR-SPN MADRID Spain Eur114.50 369 33 - 109.90
LEMG AGP EUR-SPN MALAGA Spain Eur112.80 350 14 - 109.50 52
LEMG AGP EUR-SPN MALAGA Spain Eur112.80 330 32 - 109.90 52
MRN EUR-SPN MORON (AFB) Eur115.30 280 21 287
LEPA PMI EUR-SPN PALMA Mallorca Eur113.30 351 24R - 109.90 15
LEPA PMI EUR-SPN PALMA Mallorca Eur113.30 351 06L - 109.40 15
0000 ROP EUR-SPN ROTA Navy Mariana Eur 265 28 - 108.60 86
LEZL SVQ EUR-SPN SEVILLA Spain Eur113.70 260 28 - 110.10 112
EUR-SPN TORTOSA Eur?108.2 ?10 - 110.20
DAAG ALG EUR-STH ALGERIA Algier HourEur 05/23 1518
DAAG ALG EUR-STH ALGERIA Algier HourEur 09 - 118.70 1518
0000 AJA EUR-STH CORSICA Ajaccio Eur114.80 341 23 - 110.50
0000 AJA EUR-STH CORSICA Ajaccio Eur114.80 341 03 - 110.30
EUR-STH CORSICA Nord Fr Eur116.20 369
EUR-STH CORSICA Sud Fr Eur116.70 349
LCNC NIC EUR-STH CYPRUS Nicosia Eur?109.70?263 ?17/35 736
LCNC NIC EUR-STH CYPRUS Nicosia Eur?109.70?263?09 - 109.70 736
LGWA ATH EUR-STH GREECE Athens Eur114.40 ?29 - 108.70 ?840
LGWA ATH EUR-STH GREECE Athens Eur114.40 ?29 - 108.70 ?840
MIL EUR-STH GREECE Milos Eur113.50
SNI EUR-STH GREECE Santorini Eur110.40
SKL EUR-STH GREECE Skopelos Eur113.40
TSL EUR-STH GREECE ThessalonikiEur112.10 0
LICD LNP EUR-STH LAMPEDUSA Isl. Eur108.60 373 08/26 22
OLBA BEY EUR-STH LEBANON Beirut Eur113.90 351 17/35
OLBA BEY EUR-STH LEBANON Beirut Eur113.90 351 20/02
HLLT TIP EUR-STH LIBYA Tripoli Eur113.70 301 270 - 114.50 263
HLLT TIP EUR-STH LIBYA Tripoli Eur114.50 301 09 263
LMML MLA EUR-STH MALTA Luqa Eur115.70 395 24 - 109.70 300
LMML MLA EUR-STH MALTA Luqa Eur115.70 395 32 - 110.50 300
GMMM CMN EUR-STH MOROCCO Casablanca Eur117.00 ?04 - 109.10
0000 PNL EUR-STH PANTELLERIA Isl. Eur116.10 329 21 - 109.90 193
0000 PNL EUR-STH PANTELLERIA Isl. Eur116.10 335 26 - 109.50 193
0000 BUH EUR-STH RUMANIA Bucharest Eur?111.30
LIEE CAG EUR-STH SARDEGNA Cagliari Eur113.40 371 32 - 109.50 12
EUR-STH SUEZ Isma' iliya Eur
DTTA TUN EUR-STH TUNISIA Tunis Eur117.40 15/33 433
DTTA TUN EUR-STH TUNISIA Tunis Eur 15/33 433
LGAL-ALX EUR-STH TURKEY AlexandroupoEur113.80 351 07/25 5
LTBH EUR-STH TURKEY Cannakale Eur 04/22 7
LTBH EUR-STH TURKEY Cannakale Eur 17/35 23
EUR-STH TURKEY Chios Eur110.80 01/19 120
LTRS EUR-STH TURKEY Imros GogceaEur 15/33 7
LTBA IST EUR-STH TURKEY Istanbul Eur112.50 340 18/36 157
LTBA IST EUR-STH TURKEY Istanbul Eur112.50 340 06/24 157
LTBJ-IMR EUR-STH TURKEY Izmir A MendEur117.90 34 - 110.30 126
LIBL-CIG EUR-STH TURKEY Izmir Cigli Eur113.60 363 17/35 6
LGLMLMO EUR-STH TURKEY Limnos Eur109.20 270 04/22 5
LGMTLVO EUR-STH TURKEY Mitilini Eur109.60 397 15/33 18
**** EU-GB * GREAT BRITAIN * *** ** GB Series
EGTI EU-GB ABBOTS Leavesden G1 335
EGPD EU-GB ABERDEEN Dyce G3 113.30 336 215
EGHL EU-GB ALTON Lasham G1 618
EGDM EU-GB AMESBURY Boscom G1 376 407
EGHO EU-GB ANDOVER/Thruxton G1 330
EGNL EU-GB BARROW N F W Isl G2 110.20 385 47
EGAA EU-GB BELFAST Alder G3 117.20 275 26 - 109.70 267
EGAA EU-GB BELFAST Alder G3 117.20 275 17 - 110.90 267
EGAD EU-GB BELFAST Newton G3 275 9
0000 BEN EU-GB BENBECULA Wst Isl G3 114.40 19
EGKB EU-GB BIGGIN HILL G1 115.10 353 600
EGBB BHX EU-GB BIRMINGHAM G2 112.90 371 15 - 110.10 325
EGBB BHX EU-GB BIRMINGHAM G2 112.90 371 33 - 110.10 325
EGNH BLK EU-GB BLACKPOOL G2 278 28 108.15 34
GLA EU-GB BODMIN Eur112.70 356 14/32 625
EU-GB BRACKLEY Hinton G2 505
EGGD BRS EU-GB BRISTOL G1 117.45 380 27 - 110.15 620
EGGD BRS EU-GB BRISTOL G1 117.45 380 09 - 110.15 620
EGFF EU-GB BRISTOL Filton G1 117.45 380 28 - 110.55 226
EGFF EU-GB BRISTOL Filton G1 117.45 380 10 - 110.55 226
FN EU-GB BUNBEG Carrick IR G3 361 26
EGBM EU-GB BURTON'N Tr Tat G2 545 450
EGSN EU-GB CAMBRIDGE Bourn G2 115.60 220
EGFF EU-GB CARDIFF WA G3 117.45 363 12 - 110.70 292
EGFF EU-GB CARDIFF WA G3 117.45 363 30 - 110.70 220
EGNC CAX EU-GB CARLISLE G2 110.70 328 190
EIME EU-GB CASEMENT IR G3 115.80 378 319
EIKN EU-GB CONNAUGHT IR Eur 389 27 - 110.70
EICK ORK EU-GB CORK IR G3 114.60 343 25 - 109.70 502
EICK ORK EU-GB CORK IR G3 114.60 343 17 - 109.90 502
EGTC EU-GB CRANFIELD Daven G2 116.40 365
EGYD EU-GB CRANWELL RAF G2 27 - 109.70 218
NV EU-GB DARLINGTON Teesid G2 347 - 111.30 120
EGNX EU-GB DERBY East MidlandsG2 310
DVR EU-GB DOVER VOR G1 114.95 303
EIDW DUB EU-GB DUBLIN IR G3 114.90 397 23 - 114.90 222
EIDW DUB EU-GB DUBLIN IR G3 114.90 397 28 - 108.90 222
EIDW DUB EU-GB DUBLIN IR G3 114.90 397 16 - 111.50 222
EITW EU-GB DUBLIN Weston IR G3 115.80 378 222
EGPN DND EU-GB DUNDEE SC G3 394 10 - 108.10 13
EGPH EDI EU-GB EDINBURGH SC G3 341 07 - 108.90 135
EGPH EDI EU-GB EDINBURGH SC G3 341 25 - 108.90 135
EGTE EXT EU-GB EXETER Berry Head G1 112.70 102
EU-GB EXETER Dunkeswell G1 112.70 350
EGPF GLA EU-GB GLASGOW SC G3 115.40 325 05 - 110.10 26
EGPF GLA EU-GB GLASGOW SC G3 115.40 350 23 - 109.30 26
EGXB EU-GB GRIMSBY Binbrook G2 374
EGTD EU-GB GUILDFORD Dunsf G1 114.00 172
EGNB HUY EU-GB HULL Brough G2 372 13
EGNS IOM EU-GB ISLE OF MAN G2 112.20 359 27 - 110.90 55
EGNS IOM EU-GB ISLE OF MAN G2 112.20 366 09 - 111.75 55
EGPA KOI EU-GB KIRKWALL Orkn Isl G3 108.60 395 50
EGNM LBA EU-GB LEEDS G2 402 14 - 110.90 682
EGNM LBA EU-GB LEEDS G2 402 32 - 110.90 682
EINN EU-GB LIMERICK Shan IR G3 113.30 352 24 - 109.5 47
EGXW EU-GB LINCOLN Wadd G2 337 231
EGGP LPL EU-GB LIVERPOOL G2 349 09 - 111.75 85
EGGP LPL EU-GB LIVERPOOL G2 349 27 - 111.75 85
EGKK LGW EU-GB LONDON Gatwick G1 115.30 353 26L - 110.90 203
EGKK LGW EU-GB LONDON Gatwick G1 115.30 365 08R - 110.90 203
EGGL LHR EU-GB LONDON Heathrow G1 115.30 357 17L - 109.50 79
EGGL LHR EU-GB LONDON Heathrow G1 113.60 357 09R - 109.50 79
EGGL LHR EU-GB LONDON Heathrow G1 113.60 357 09L - 110.30 79
EGGL LHR EU-GB LONDON Heathrow G1 113.60 357 27R - 110.30 79
EGSS STN EU-GB LONDON Stansted G1 117.50 347
EGGW LTN EU-GB LUTON G1 113.75 345 08 - 109.15 525
EGGW LTN EU-GB LUTON G1 113.75 26 - 109.15 525
LYX EU-GB LYDD G1 114.05 397 22 -108.15 11
EGCC MHT EU-GB MANCHESTER G2 113.55 380 24 - 109.50 256
EGCC MHT EU-GB MANCHESTER G2 113.55 388 06 - 109.50 256
EGUN EU-GB MILDENHALL US G2 11 - 108.10 33
EGUN EU-GB MILDENHALL US G2 29 - 108.10 33
EGNT NCL EU-GB NEWCASTLE-U-T G3 114.25 352 07 - 111.50 266
EGNT NCL EU-GB NEWCASTLE-U-T G3 114.25 25 - 111.50 266
EGSH NWI EU-GB NORWICH Airport G2 110.00 342 117
EGYC EU-GB NORWICH Colt RAF G2 114.55 342 66
EGWU EU-GB NORWICH Colt RAF G1 114.55 342 124
NWI EU-GB NORWICH Ludham G2 114.55 342 50
EU-GB NORWICH Seething G2 114.55 342 130
EGPA EU-GB ORKNEY ISL Orkney G3 108.60 395 50
EGUB EU-GB OXFORD Bensn RAF G1 114.35 19 - 108.50 207
EU-GB OXFORD Brze N RAF G1 114.35 386 288
EGTK EU-GB OXFORD Kidlington G1 114.35 403 70
EGPK PIX EU-GB PRESTWICK SC G3 117.50 355 31 - 110.30 66
EGPK PIX EU-GB PRESTWICK SC G3 117.50 355 13 - 110.30 66
EGNE EU-GB RETFORD Retford G2 112.80 87
EGHE ISC EU-GB SCILLY St Mary G3 114.20 321 15/33 116
EINN SNN EU-GB SHANNON IRE G3 113.30 352 24 - 109.50 47
EU-GB SHETLAND ISL LerwicG3 376 43
EGPB EU-GB SHETLAND ISL Sum G3 117.30 351 18
EGKA EU-GB SHOREHAM G1 117.00 332 7
EU-GB SHREWSBURY Sleap G2 382 275
EGMC SEN EU-GB SOUTHEND G1 117.30 362 48
EGTH EU-GB ST ALBENS Hatfield G1 254
EGDG EU-GB ST MAWGAN RAF G1 114.20 356 31 - 108.70 390
EGPO SYY EU-GB STORNOWAY Wst Isl G3 115.10 18 - 110.90 19
EGPY EU-GB THURSO Doun SC G3 364 130
EU-GB TOWCESTER G2 116.40 508
EU-GB WATFORD Elstree G1 334
EGPO EU-GB WESTERN IS Storn G3 115.10 18 - 110.90 19
EGTF EU-GB WOKING Fairoaks G1 80
EU-GB YORK Acaster G2 31
EGXU EU-GB YORK Linton G2 53
SOK PAC-HAW KAUAI Lihue Ha 115.40 17/35
PAC-HAW KAUAI Mana Ha 115.40
LNY PAC-HAW LANAI Ha 117.70 1309
MAC? PAC-HAW MACAU Haw Ha 115.25 32 - 108.00 10
KHNL HNL PAC-HAW OAHU Honolulu Ha 114.80 08L- 109.50 30
ITO PAC-HAW OAHU Lymans Field Ha 112.05 15 - 112.00 39
PAC-HAW OAHU Pearl Harb Ha 08 10
VHHH HKG PAC-JPN HONG KG KaiTak Jpn115.50 405 13 - 111.90
VHHH HKG PAC-JPN HONG KG KaiTak Jpn115.50 405 31 - 109.90
PAC-JPN MATSUMOTO Jpn117.60 387 01/19 2155
RJOO OSA PAC-JPN OSAKA Int'l Jpn113.90 211 32L -110.10 49
JTT PAC-JPN TOKYO Int'l Jpn110.90 12
PAC-JPN TOKYO New Jap Jpn111.10 32 139
ANA PAC-TAH ANAA Tah 332 08/26 7
0000 BOB PAC-TAH BORA BORA Tah 384 29/11 13
0000 HUH PAC-TAH HUAHINE Tah112.70 345 07/25 9
MAK PAC-TAH MAKEMO Tah 383 11/29 3
MAN PAC-TAH MANIHI Tah 284 05/23 3
0000 MOZ PAC-TAH MOOREA Tah 337 30/12 10
0000 RFP PAC-TAH RAIATEA Tahaa Tah 372 07/25 3
0000 RGI PAC-TAH RANGIROA Tah112.30 358 09/27 10
TAT PAC-TAH TAHITI Tah112.90 393 04/22 7
TAT PAC-TAH TAHITI Tah112.90 337 22/04 7
TAK PAC-TAH TAKAPOTO Tah 349 07/25 10
TUP PAC-TAH TUPAI Tah 08/26 10
* USA *** U.S.A. *** *** U.S.A.
KANC ANC USA-AK ANCHORAGE Def114.30 338 6L - 111.30 280
KANC ANC USA-AK ANCHORAGE Def114.30 338 6R - 111.30 144
BCQ USA-AK BIG LAKE Def112.50 150
USA-AK ELMENDORF Def113.40 05 - 110.90 219
GAM USA-AK GAMBEL Int'l Def114.50 338 286
0000 KDI USA-AK KENAI KENAI Mun Def117.60 19 - 108.90 92
KPHX PHX USA-AZ PHOENIX Def120.70 26L - 108.30
KPHX PHX USA-AZ PHOENIX Def120.70 08R - 108.30
KTUS TUS USA-AZ TUCSON Int'l Def117.10 2631
KTUS TUS USA-AZ TUCSON Int'l Def117.10 2631
2O3 USA-CA ANGWIN Virgil ParreWST 1848
ACV USA-CA ARCATA/EUREKA WST110.20 233 32 - 109.50 218
BFL USA-CA BAKERSFIELD Meadow WST115.40 385 30R - 111.90 507
00CA USA-CA BARSTOW Goldstone WST 3038
O55 USA-CA BIEBER Southard FldWST 4158
04CA USA-CA BISHOP Coyote FlatsWST 9980
BUR USA-CA BURBANK Glendale WST 253 08 - 109.50 775
CRQ USA-CA CARLSBAD McClellan WST 24 - 108.70 328
CIC USA-CA CHICO WST109.80 327 13L - 111.30 238
O23 USA-CA CHICO Ranchaero WST 173
CNO USA-CA CHINO WST 26 - 111.50 650
USA-CA CLEARLAKE Def 371 15 - 109.10
CCR USA-CA CONCORD Buchanan WST117.00 335 19R - 108.50 23
O09 USA-CA COVELO Round ValleyWST 1434
CEC USA-CA CRESCENT CITY McNamWST109.00 11 - 108.70 57
DAG USA-CA DAGGET Barstow WST113.20 1927
L09 USA-CA DEATH VAL StovepipeWST 25
CA03 USA-CA DORRIS Butte ValleyWST 4239
EDW USA-CA EDWARDS AFB WST 22 - 110.10 2302
9L2 USA-CA EDWARDS (Aux No) WST 2273
O19 USA-CA EUREKA Kneeland WST 2737
EKA USA-CA EUREKA Muury Fld WST114.00 7
SUU USA-CA FAIRFIELD Travis AFWST116.40 21L - 110.10 62
CA06 USA-CA FORT JONES Scott V WST109.60 2728
FAT USA-CA FRESNO Air Term WST 29R - 111.30 332
FCH USA-CA FRESNO Downtown WST112.90 266 278
Q60 USA-CA FRESNO Sierra SkypaWST 321
0O9 USA-CA GASQUET Ward Field WST 356
Q69 USA-CA GUALALA Ocean RidgeWST 940
O70 USA-CA JACKSON Amador WestWST 1694
USA-CA LA VERNE Brackett WST 1011
TVL USA-CA LAKE TAHOE Def113.20 6265
TVL USA-CA LAKE TAHOE South WST 18 - 108.90 6264
1O2 USA-CA LAKEPORT Lampson WST 217 1380
Q80 USA-CA LODI Airpark WST 25
O20 USA-CA LODI Kingdon AirparWST 54
VBG USA-CA LOMPOC Vandenb AFB WST 30 - 110.10 368
VBG USA-CA LOMPOC Vandenb AFB WST 12 - 110.10 368
KLGB LGB USA-CA LONG BEACH Def115.70 233 20 - 110.30 56
KLGB LGB USA-CA LONG BEACH Def115.70 233 24 - 108.90 56
LGB USA-CA LONG BEACH DoughertWST115.70 233 30 - 110.30 57
KLAX LAX USA-CA LOS ANGELES Def113.60 25L - 109.90 180
KLAX LAX USA-CA LOS ANGELES Def113.60 06R - 111.70 180
KLAX LAX USA-CA LOS ANGELES Def113.60 07R - 111.10 180
LAX USA-CA LOS ANGELES Intl WST113.60 24R - 108.50 126
LAX USA-CA LOS ANGELES Intl WST113.60 07L - 111.10 126
MER USA-CA MERCED Castle AFB WST 31 - 109.50 188
MCE USA-CA MERCED Macready WST114.20 30 - 109.30 153
MOD USA-CA MODESTO Harry Sham WST114.60 28R - 111.90 97
1O5 USA-CA MONTAGUE Rohrer FldWST 382 2527
MRY USA-CA MONTEREY Peninsula Def188.40 10R - 110.7 253
MRY USA-CA MONTEREY Peninsula WST 385 10R - 110.70 253
APC USA-CA NAPA County WST 36L - 111.30 33
KOAK OAK USA-CA OAKLAND Int'l Def116.80 29 - 108.70 7
OAK USA-CA OAKLAND Int'l Def116.80 27R - 109.90 7
KOAK OAK USA-CA OAKLAND Int'l Def116.80 11 - 111.90 7
ONT USA-CA ONTARIO Intl WST 26L - 109.70 943
ONT USA-CA ONTARIO Intl WST 08L - 109.70 943
OXR USA-CA OXNARD WST 25 - 108.70 43
Q88 USA-CA PARADISE Skypark WST 1300
PRB USA-CA PASO ROBLES Def114.30 01/19 836
2O1 USA-CA QUINCY Gansner Fld WST 3415
RBL USA-CA RED BLUFF WST115.70 338 349
O85 USA-CA REDDING Benton Fld WST 719
Q93 USA-CA REDDING Enterp SkypWST 580
RDD USA-CA REDDING Munic WST108.40 367 34 - 108.70 502
O74 USA-CA REDDING Sky Ranch WST 502
L67 USA-CA RIALTO Miro Field WST 1448
RIV USA-CA RIVERSIDE March AFBWST113.40 32 - 110.10 1533
RAL USA-CA RIVERSIDE Munic WST 09 - 110.90 816
L00 USA-CA ROSAMOND Skypark WST 2415
SBD USA-CA S BERNADINO Nrtn WST 06 - 109.30 1156
SDM USA-CA S DIEGO Brown Fld WST116.50 524
SEE USA-CA S DIEGO Gillespie WST117.80 27R - 110.50 385
NZY USA-CA S DIEGO Halsey FldWST117.80 245 26
KSAN SAN USA-CA S DIEGO Lindbergh Def110.80 09 - 110.90 15
SAN USA-CA S DIEGO Lindbergh WST110.80 27 - 110.90 15
NKX USA-CA S DIEGO Miramar WST117.80 477
MYF USA-CA S DIEGO Montgom WST117.80 28R - 111.70 423
KSFO SFO USA-CA S FRANCISCO Def115.80 379 28L - 109.50 11
KSFO SFO USA-CA S FRANCISCO Def115.80 379 19L - 108.90 11
KSFO SFO USA-CA S FRANCISCO Def115.80 379 28R - 111.70 11
KSJC SJC USA-CA S JOSE Def114.50 249 30L - 110.90 56
SBP USA-CA S LUIS Obispo Def 288 11/29 209
CSL USA-CA S LUIS Obispo CampWST 250
SBP USA-CA S LUIS OBISTO McCHWST112.40 11 - 109.70 209
Q99 USA-CA S MARTIN Sth Cnty WST 281
KSMF SMF USA-CA SACRAMENTO WST115.20 230 16R - 111.15 24
KSMF SMF USA-CA SACRAMENTO WST115.20 400 34L - 111.10 24
KSMF SMF USA-CA SACRAMENTO Exec WST115.20 356 02 - 110.30 21
MHR USA-CA SACRAMENTO Mather WST 22L - 110.70 96
MCC USA-CA SACRAMENTO McClel WST109.20 16 - 111.70 76
SNS USA-CA SALINAS WST 31 - 108.50 84
0Q9 USA-CA SONOMA Skypark WST112.10 20
ANA USA-CA STA ANA OR J Wayne WST115.70 337 19R - 111.75 54
0000 SBA USA-CA STA BARBARA Def119.70 07/25 10
SBA USA-CA STA BARBARA Munic WST113.80 07 - 110.30 10
SMX USA-CA STA MARIA Def 12 - 108.90 259
SMX USA-CA STA MARIA Public WST111.00 12 - 108.90 259
0000 SMO USA-CA STA MONICA Def110.80 175
STS USA-CA STA ROSA Sonoma WST113.00 32 - 109.30 125
SCK USA-CA STOCKTON Metro WST116.00 271 29R- 109.10 30
L17 USA-CA TAFT Kern County WST 875
TOA USA-CA TORRANCE Munic WST 29R- 111.90 101
O36 USA-CA TRACY Munic WST 192
1Q4 USA-CA TRACY New JerusalemWST 62
1Q7 USA-CA TULARE Gallagher WST109.40 220 314
USA-CA TULARE Medford Fld WST 271
UKI USA-CA UKIAH Munic WST112.30 371 15 - 109.10 614
VNY USA-CA VAN NUYS Def113.10 16R -111.30 799
2Q0 USA-CA VERONA Riego Flt ShWST 21
O37 USA-CA VISALIA Haigh Fld WST 317
VIS USA-CA VISALIA Munic WST 30 - 108.50 292
Q31 USA-CA VISALIA Sequoia FieWST 313
L19 USA-CA WASCO Kern County WST 313
WVI USA-CA WATSONVILLE Munic WST 01 - 108.30 160
O28 USA-CA WILLITS Ells Fld WiWST 2054
2Q3 USA-CA WINTERS/Davis/WoodlWST 98
OSI USA-CA WOODSIDE Def113.90 2270
DEN USA-CO DENVER Def112.80 16 - 110.70 5233
KBDL BDL USA-CT BRADLEY Winds Lck 07 109.00 388 06 - 110.10 174
KBDL BDL USA-CT BRADLEY Winds Lck 07 109.00 388 33 - 108.55 174
KBDL BDL USA-CT BRADLEY Winds Lck 07 109.00 388 24 - 111.10 174
0000 BDR USA-CT BRIDGEPORT Sik 07 108.80 06 - 110.70 10
0000 HFD USA-CT HARTFORD Brainard 07 114.90 244 02 - 109.70 19
0000 HFD USA-CT HARTFORD Brainard 07 114.90 244 11/29 19
0000 OXC USA-CT WATERBURY 07 122.80 257 36 - 109.50 727
KBDL BDL USA-CT WINDSOR LK Brad 07 109.00 388 06 - 110.10 174
KBDL BDL USA-CT WINDSOR LK Brad 07 109.00 388 24 - 111.10 174
KBDL BDL USA-CT WINDSOR LK Brad 07 109.00 388 33 - 108.55 174
USA-DC ANDREWS AFB 07 113.10 19R - 110.50 281
USA-DC ANDREWS AFB 07 113.10 01L - 111.50 281
KDCA DCA USA-DC WASHING Int'l 07 111.00 212 36 - 109.90 16
KDCA DCA USA-DC WASHING Int'l 07 111.00 212 18 - 109.95 16
KIAD IAD USA-DC WASHINGTON Dulles 07 113.50 385 19R - 111.30 313
KIAD IAD USA-DC WASHINGTON Dulles 07 113.50 385 01R - 110.10 313
KIAD IAD USA-DC WASHINGTON Dulles 07 113.50 385 12 - 109.30 313
KIAD IAD USA-DC WASHINGTON Dulles 07 113.50 385 01L - 111.30 313
KIAD IAD USA-DC WASHINGTON Dulles 07 113.50 385 19L - 110.15 313
DAB USA-FL DAYTONA BCH 07 112.60 07L - 109.10 35
KFLL FLL USA-FL FT LAUDERDALE 07 111.40 08 - 111.10 14
KJAX JAX USA-FL JACKSONVILLE 07 114.50 344 13 - 108.90 22
KJAX JAX USA-FL JACKSONVILLE 07 114.50 332 07 - 110.70 22
0000 EYW USA-FL KEY WEST 07 113.50 10
KMIA MIA USA-FL MIAMI 07 117.10 365 09L - 110.30 10
USA-FL MIAMI 07 117.10 365 27R - 109.10 10
KMIA MIA USA-FL MIAMI 07 117.10 365 27L - 109.50 10
KMIA MIA USA-FL MIAMI 07 117.10 365 09R - 110.90 10
KMCO MCO USA-FL ORLANDO 07 112.20 269 14 - 109.90 96
PBI USA-FL PALM BEACH 07 112.40 356 09L - 119.90 20
KPIE PIE USA-FL ST PETERSBURG 07 116.40 17L - 109.10 10
KTPA TPA USA-FL TAMPA 07 118.50 368 36R - 110.30 27
KTPA TPA USA-FL TAMPA 07 118.50 368 36L - 108.90 27
KTPA TPA USA-FL TAMPA 07 118.50 368 18R - 108.50 27
KTPA TPA USA-FL TAMPA 07 118.50 368 18L - 110.30 27
KPBI PBI USA-FL WEST PALM BCH 07 115.70 109.30 19
KATL ATL USA-GA ATLANTA Hartsfield 07 116.90 365 26L - 108.70 1026
KATL ATL USA-GA ATLANTA Hartsfield 07 116.90 365 27L - 110.10 1026
KATL ATL USA-GA ATLANTA Hartsfield 07 116.90 365 08L - 109.30 1026
KATL ATL USA-GA ATLANTA Hartsfield 07 116.90 365 09L - 110.50 1026
KATL ATL USA-GA ATLANTA Hartsfield 07 116.90 365 26R - 110.10 1026
KATL ATL USA-GA ATLANTA Hartsfield 07 116.90 365 27R - 111.30 1026
ATL USA-GA ATLANTA Hartsfield 07 116.90 365 09R - 108.90 1026
KATL ATL USA-GA ATLANTA Hartsfield 07 116.90 365 08R - 109.90 1026
KSAV SAV USA-GA SAVANNAH Int'l 07 112.70 09 - 109.90 51
BRL USA-IA BURLINGTON Def111.40 390 36 - 108.90
ARR USA-IL AURORA Mun Def112.30 09 - 108.9
0000 CMI USA-IL CHAMPAIGN Def110.00 407 32L - 109.10 754
KORD ORD USA-IL CHICAGO O'Hare Def113.90 394 22L - 110.1 662
KORD ORD USA-IL CHICAGO O'Hare Def113.90 385 32R - 110.70 662
KORD ORD USA-IL CHICAGO O'Hare Def113.90 257 09R - 110.50 662
KORD ORD USA-IL CHICAGO O'Hare Def113.90 368 09L - 111.10 662
KORD ORD USA-IL CHICAGO O'Hare Def113.90 414 27R -110.50 662
DPA USA-IL DUPAGE County Def108.40 350 01L- 111.70
DPA USA-IL DUPAGE County Def108.40 350 10 - 109.50
0000 IKK USA-IL KANKAKEE Def111.60 625
CGX USA-IL MEIGS Def114.20 592
PRG USA-IL PARIS Illinois Def 341 09/27 655
SIV USA-IN SULLIVAN County Def 326 18/36 541
HUF USA-IN TERRE HAUTE Hulm Def 245 05 -109.70 585
KBTR BTR USA-LA BATON ROUGE Def116.50 284 13 - 110.30 70
KBTR BTR USA-LA BATON ROUGE Def116.50 284 22R - 108.70 70
USA-LA BOGALUSA Def112.20 18 - 111.10 119
L49 USA-LA GALLIANO Def113.50 0
OR9 USA-LA HAMMOND Def109.60 18 - 111.52 44
HUM USA-LA HOUMA Def112.00 18 - 108.52 9
MSY USA-LA NEW ORLEANS Def113.20 221 08 - 111.90
KMSY MSY USA-LA NEW ORLEANS Int'l Def113.20 338 01 - 111.70 4
KMSY MSY USA-LA NEW ORLEANS Int'l Def113.20 338 10 - 109.90 4
KMSY MSY USA-LA NEW ORLEANS Int'l Def113.20 338 28 - 109.95 4
LA3 USA-LA NEW ORLEANS L/F Def111.30 18R - 111.30 9
LA3 USA-LA NEW ROADS Def116.53 36 - 111.93 39
KBOS BOS USA-MA BOSTON Logan 12 112.70 22L - 110.30 19
KBOS BOS USA-MA BOSTON Logan 12 112.70 04R - 110.30 19
KBOS BOS USA-MA BOSTON Logan 12 112.70 33L - 110.70 19
KBOS BOS USA-MA BOSTON Logan 12 112.70 15R - 110.70 19
KBOS BOS USA-MA BOSTON Logan 12 112.70 27 - 111.30 19
HYA USA-MA HYANNIS 12 114.70 24 - 110.50
0000 MVY USA-MA MARTHA'S V'YARD 12 108.20 24 - 108.70 75
0000 ACK USA-MA NANTUCKET 12 116.20 24 - 109.10 49
KBAL BAL USA-MD BALTIMORE 12 115.10 09 - 109.90 249
USA-MD MARYLAND 12 17 - 123.00 171
KBGR BGR USA-ME BANGOR 12 114.80 272 33 - 110.30 192
KBGR BGR USA-ME BANGOR 12 114.80 272 15 - 109.50 192
0000 RTE USA-ME BEDFORD 12 11 - 109.50 131
KPQI PQI USA-ME PRESQUE ISLE 12 116.40 01/19 590
KPQI PQI USA-ME PRESQUE ISLE 12 116.40 10/28 531
SFN USA-ME SANFORD 12 126.40 408 07 - 111.5 242
SFN USA-ME SANFORD 12 126.40 408 14/32 242
KDTW DTW USA-MI DETROIT Metro Way 11 115.70 388 21R - 110.75 639
KDTW DTW USA-MI DETROIT Metro Way 11 115.70 388 03R - 111.50 639
KDTW DTW USA-MI DETROIT Metro Way 11 115.70 388 03L - 110.70 639
KDTW DTW USA-MI DETROIT Metro Way 11 115.70 388 21L - 111.50 639
JVL USA-MI JANESVILLE 06 113.40 04 - 109.10 808
KMSP MSP USA-MN MINNEAPOLIS Def126.70 29L - 110.30 841
KMSP MSP USA-MN MINNEAPOLIS Def126.70 29R - 109.90 841
KMSP MSP USA-MN MINNEAPOLIS Def126.70 11L - 110.70 841
KMSO MSO USA-MT MISSOULA Def112.80 11/29 3201
BAM USA-NEV BATTLE Mntn Lander WST112.20 4532
NV11 USA-NEV DAYTON/Carson City WST 4412
EKO USA-NEV ELKO CJ Harris FielWST114.50 23 - 108.50 5135
ELY USA-NEV ELY Yelland Field WST110.60 6255
FLX USA-NEV FALLON Munic WST114.10 3959
KLAS LAS USA-NEV LAS VEGAS Def117.30 25 - 110.30 2175
KLAS LAS USA-NEV LAS VEGAS McCarron WST116.90 25R- 110.30 2174
LOL USA-NEV LOVELOCK Derby Fld WST116.50 3903
DRA USA-NEV MERCURY Desert RockWST 326 3314
L23 USA-NEV MERCURY Pahute MesaWST 5068
U08 USA-NEV OVERTON Perkins FldWST114.30 1358
1L1 USA-NEV PANACA Lincoln CntyWST 4828
KRNO RNO USA-NEV RENO Cannon Intl WST117.90 351 16R- 110.90 4412
4SD USA-NEV RENO Stead WST 254 5046
LWL USA-NEV WELLS Harriet Fld WST114.20 5772
WMC USA-NEV WINNEMUCCA Munic WST108.20 375 4303
EGCC MHT USA-NH MANCHESTER Def114.40 35 - 109.10 232
KACY ACY USA-NJ ATLANTIC CITY Def108.60 350 31 - 108.00 76
KACY ACY USA-NJ ATLANTIC CITY Def108.60 350 04 - 108.20 76
KACY ACY USA-NJ ATLANTIC CITY Def108.60 350 13 - 108.10 76
KEWR EWR USA-NJ NEWARK Def118.30 04L - 108.70 16
KEWR EWR USA-NJ NEWARK Def118.30 11/09 16
KEWR EWR USA-NJ NEWARK Def118.30 22L - 108.70 16
KABQ ABQ USA-NM ALBUQUERQUE Def113.20 08 - 111.90
KALB ALB USA-NY ALBANY 12 115.30 219 11 - 109.55 285
KALB ALB USA-NY ALBANY 12 115.30 219 01 - 109.55 285
KBUF BUF USA-NY BUFFALO 12 116.40 215 23 - 111.3 725
ISP USA-NY ISLIP McArt L Islan12 119.30 06 - 108.30 98
ISP USA-NY ISLIP McArt L Islan12 119.30 24 - 108.30 98
ISP USA-NY ISLIP McArt L Islan12 119.30 33 98
0000 ITH USA-NY ITHACA 12 111.80 266 32 - 108.70 1095
KJFK JFK USA-NY NEW YORK Ken 12 115.90 226 04R - 109.50 13
KJFK JFK USA-NY NEW YORK Ken 12 115.90 226 22L - 110.90 13
KJFK JFK USA-NY NEW YORK Ken 12 115.90 226 04L - 110.90 13
KJFK JFK USA-NY NEW YORK Ken 12 115.90 226 13L - 111.50 13
KJFK JFK USA-NY NEW YORK Ken 12 115.90 226 31R - 111.50 13
KJFK JFK USA-NY NEW YORK Ken 12 115.90 226 22R - 109.50 13
KLGA LGA USA-NY NEW YORK LGA 12 113.10 233 13L - 108.50 22
KLGA LGA USA-NY NEW YORK LGA 12 113.10 233 04 - 110.50 22
KLGA LGA USA-NY NEW YORK LGA 12 113.10 233 22 - 110.50 22
IAG USA-NY NIAGARA FALLS 11 111.00 10L - 110.10 590
KROC ROC USA-NY ROCHESTER 12 110.00 216 28 - 109.50 559
KROC ROC USA-NY ROCHESTER 12 110.00 216 22 - 110.70 559
KROC ROC USA-NY ROCHESTER 12 110.00 216 04 - 110.70 559
KSYR SYR USA-NY SYRACUSE 12 117.00 10 - 109.90 421
KSYR SYR USA-NY SYRACUSE 12 117.00 28 - 109.90 421
0000 HPN USA-NY WHITE PLAINS 12 119.70 16 - 109.70
KAKR CAK USA-OH AKRON Def114.40 362 01 - 109.50 1069
KAKR CAK USA-OH AKRON Def114.40 23 - 108.30 1069
KCLE CLE USA-OH CLEVELAND Hk Def110.20 344 28 - 110.70 797
KCLE CLE USA-OH CLEVELAND Hk Def110.20 344 23L - 109.90 797
KCLE CLE USA-OH CLEVELAND Hk Def110.20 226 05R - 111.90 797
TOL USA-OH TOLEDO Def118.10 219 25 - 108.7 686
KTUL TUL USA-OK TULSA Def114.40 36R 790
KTUL TUL USA-OK TULSA Def114.40 18L 790
0000 EUG USA-OR EUGENE Def112.90 364
KPDX PDX USA-OR PORTLAND Int'l Def111.80 10R - 109.90 19
KPDX PDX USA-OR PORTLAND Int'l Def116.60 332 28R - 111.30 19
KPDX PDX USA-OR PORTLAND Int'l Def111.80 257 20 - 108.90 19
KHAR HAR USA-PA HARRISBURG 12 119.50 11 - 110.90 344
KHAR HAR USA-PA HARRISBURG 12 119.50 31 - 110.90 344
KPHL PHL USA-PA PHILLY Int'l 12 128.40 219 27R - 109.30 19
KPHL PHL USA-PA PHILLY Int'l 12 128.40 219 27L - 109.35 19
KPIT PIT USA-PA PITTSBURGH 12 128.30 28L - 108.90 1204
0000 BID USA-RI BLOCK ISLAND 12 117.20 216 10/28 104
KPVD PVD USA-RI PROVIDENCE 12 115.60 05R - 109.30 50
KCHS CHS USA-SC CHARLESTON 12 113.50 208 33 - 108.90 40
KCHS CHS USA-SC CHARLESTON 12 113.50 208 15 - 109.70 40
KMEM MEM USA-TN MEMPHIS Def118.30 362 18R - 109.90 332
KMEM MEM USA-TN MEMPHIS Def118.30 362 27 - 108.70 332
KBNA BNA USA-TN NASHVILLE Metro Def114.10 02 - 109.90 600
ABI USA-TX ABILENE Def113.70 338 27 - 111.90 1784
ABI USA-TX ABILENE Def113.70 338 36 - 110.30 1784
ABI USA-TX ABILENE Def113.70 338 18 - 109.50 1784
DFW USA-TX DALLAS Ft.Worth Def117.00 13R - 109.50 560
KDFW DFW USA-TX DALLAS Ft.Worth Def117.00 18L - 111.30 560
KDFW DFW USA-TX DALLAS Ft.Worth Def117.00 31R - 110.90 560
KDAL DAL USA-TX DALLAS Love Fld Def 18L - 111.90 488
KDAL DAL USA-TX DALLAS Love Fld Def 31R - 110.35 488
KIAH IAH USA-TX HOUSTON Def116.60 14L - 111.90 240
KIAH IAH USA-TX HOUSTON Def116.60 09 - 110.90 240
KIAH IAH USA-TX HOUSTON Def116.60 27 - 110.90 240
KIAH IAH USA-TX HOUSTON Def116.60 08 - 109.70 240
KSAT SAT USA-TX SAN ANTONIO Def116.80 12R - 110.90 646
0000 PVU USA-UT PROVO Def108.40 06 4490
0000 PVU USA-UT PROVO Def108.40 36 4490
0000 PVU USA-UT PROVO Def108.40 13 4490
KSLC SLC USA-UT SALT LAKE CITY Def116.80 34L - 109.50 4608
KSLC SLC USA-UT SALT LAKE CITY Def116.80 16L - 110.70 4608
MPV USA-VT BARRE/MONT Def112.40 17 - 108.70 1161
KBTV BTV USA-VT BURLINGTON Def116.90 257 15 - 110.30 420
USA-WA EVERETT Def110.60 670
KPAE PAE USA-WA EVERETT Snohom Def114.20 16 - 109.30 604
PAE USA-WA EVERETT Snohom Def114.20 11 - 109.30 604
FHR USA-WA FRIDAY HARBOR Def 284 16/34 109
0000 OLM USA-WA OLYMPIA Def113.40 35 200
0000 OLM USA-WA OLYMPIA Def113.40 08 200
0000 CLM USA-WA PORT ANGELES Def122.80 288
KBFI BFI USA-WA SEATTLE Boeing Def116.80 16
KSEA SEA USA-WA SEATTLE Tacoma Def116.80 34R - 110.30 430
KSEA SEA USA-WA SEATTLE Tacoma Def116.80 16R - 111.70 430
PAE USA-WA SNOHOMISH Everett Def114.20 16 - 109.30 604
PAE USA-WA SNOHOMISH Everett Def114.20 11 - 109.30 604
0000 TIW USA-WA TACOMA Def118.50
C85 USA-WI BARABOO 06 117.00 01/19 976
UNU USA-WI JUNEAU Dodge Co 06 122.70 344 02/20 935
MSN USA-WI MADISON Dane 06 108.60 400 18-110.10 862
MSN USA-WI MADISON Dane 06 108.60 400 36 - 109.9 862
MSN USA-WI MADISON Dane 06 108.60 400 04/22 862
MKE USA-WI MILWAUKEE 06 111.20 01/13 679
C29 USA-WI MOREY FIELD 06 12/30 926
RYV USA-WI WATERTOWN Mun 06 122.80 371 18/36 833
USA-WY BUFFALO Def115.30 12/30 4959
KCPR CPR USA-WY CASPER Def116.20 03/21 5346
CYS USA-WY CHEYENNE Def113.10 08/26 6157
GCC USA-WY GILLETTE Def114.60 15/33 4362
USA-WY PINEDALE Def116.50 11/29 7085
RWL USA-WY RAWLINS Def109.40 04/22 6819
RIW USA-WY RIVERTON/LANDER Def108.80 10/28 5524
RKS USA-WY ROCK SPRINGS Def114.70 09/27 6760
SHR USA-WY SHERIDAN Def115.30 12/30 4500
WRL USA-WY WORLAND Def114.80 16/34 4244
** USC *** CANADA *** *** CANADA
CYYC YYC USCA-AB CALGARY Def116.70 344 34 - 108.30 3566
CYYC YYC USCA-AB CALGARY Def116.70 344 16 - 109.30 3566
CYYC YYC USCA-AB CALGARY Def116.70 344 28 - 110.90 3566
CYOD YOD USCA-AB COLD LAKE Def 398 04/22 1775
CYOD YOD USCA-AB COLD LAKE Def 398 31R - 109.30 1775
CYEG YEG USCA-AB EDMONTON Def117.60 308 12 - 109.90 2373
CYEG YEG USCA-AB EDMONTON Def117.60 308 02 - 110.30 2373
YQF USCA-AB RED DEER Def111.60 320 16/34 2968
YQF USCA-AB RED DEER Def111.60 320 11/29 2968
CYLW YLW USCA-BC KELOWNA Def114.80 257 15/03 1409
CYCD YCD USCA-BC NANAIMO Def111.75 251 16/34 93
YPW USCA-BC POWELL RIVER Def 382 09/27 425
CYPR YPR USCA-BC PRINCE RUPERT Def109.70 218 13 - 109.70 116
CYAZ YAZ USCA-BC TOFINO Def122.30 359 10/28 79
CYVR YVR USCA-BC VANCOUVER Def115.90 266 26 - 110.70 17
CYVR YVR USCA-BC VANCOUVER Def115.90 266 12 - 111.10 17
CYVR YVR USCA-BC VANCOUVER Def115.90 266 08 - 109.50 17
CYYJ YYJ USCA-BC VICTORIA Def113.70 200 09 - 108.70 63
CYYJ YYJ USCA-BC VICTORIA Def113.70 200 27 - 108.70 63
CYYJ YYJ USCA-BC VICTORIA Def113.70 200 02/20 63
CYYJ YYJ USCA-BC VICTORIA Def113.70 200 13/31 63
CBYR YBR USCA-MB BRANDON Def113.80 233 08/26 1381
CBYR YBR USCA-MB BRANDON Def113.80 233 14/32 1381
CYWG YWG USCA-MB WINNIPEG Def115.50 248 36 - 109.90 820
CYWG YWG USCA-MB WINNIPEG Def115.50 248 07/25 820
CYWG YWG USCA-MB WINNIPEG Def115.50 248 13 - 109.50 820
CYWG YWG USCA-MB WINNIPEG Def115.50 248 31 - 110.30 820
CYCL YCL USCA-NB CHARLO 12 215 12/30 131
CYCH YCH USCA-NB CHATHAM 12 530 09/27 111
CN3 USCA-NB EDMUNSTON 12 18/36 488
CYFC YFC USCA-NB FREDERICTON 12 113.00 326 15 - 109.90 65
CYFC YFC USCA-NB FREDERICTON 12 113.00 326 09/27 65
CYQM YQM USCA-NB MONCTON 12 117.30 224 06/24 172
CYQM YQM USCA-NB MONCTON 12 117.30 224 02/20 172
YQM USCA-NB MONCTON 12 117.30 224 11/29 172
CYSJ YSJ USCA-NB SAINT JOHN 12 113.50 212 14/32 494
CYSJ YSJ USCA-NB SAINT JOHN 12 113.50 212 05 - 108.30 357
CYSJ YSJ USCA-NB SAINT JOHN 12 113.50 212 23 - 110.50 357
CYQX YQX USCA-NF GANDER 12 112.70 280 22 - 109.90 496
CYQX YQX USCA-NF GANDER 12 112.70 280 13 - 109.50 496
CYYR YYR USCA-NF GOOSE BAY 12 117.30 257 08 - 110.30 160
CYYT YYT USCA-NF ST JOHN'S 12 113.50 29 - 110.30 461
CYYT YYT USCA-NF ST JOHN'S 12 113.50 260 16 - 109.50 461
CYYT YYT USCA-NF ST JOHN'S 12 113.50 246 02/20 461
CYJT YJT USCA-NF STEPHENVILLE 12 113.10 390 10 - 109.50 84
YHZ USCA-NS DEBERT 12 115.10 391 16/24 142
YHZ USCA-NS DEBERT 12 115.10 391 10/21 142
USCA-NS DIGBY 12 113.30 239 06/24 98
CYZX YZX USCA-NS GREENWOOD 12 113.30 330 31 - 110.70 90
CYHZ YHZ USCA-NS HALIFAX 12 115.10 248 24 - 109.90 475
CYHZ YHZ USCA-NS HALIFAX 12 115.10 248 15 - 109.10 475
YPD USCA-NS PORT HAWKSBRY 12 114.90 328 29/11 380
CYQW YAW USCA-NS SHEARWATER 12 110.10 353 10/28 167
CYQW YAW USCA-NS SHEARWATER 12 110.10 353 34 - 110.50 167
VP USCA-NS ST PIERRE (Fr) 12 113.50 354 15 - 110.30 22
CYQY YQY USCA-NS SYDNEY 12 114.90 263 07 - 109.50 203
CYQY YQY USCA-NS SYDNEY 12 114.90 263 25 - 110.30 203
CYQI YQI USCA-NS YARMOUTH 12 113.30 206 24 - 109.70 141
CYZF YZF USCA-NT YELLOWKNIFE Def115.50 356 09/27 712
CYZF YZF USCA-NT YELLOWKNIFE Def115.50 356 33 - 109.50 712
NC3 USCA-ON BRAMPTON 11 15/33 900
YFD USCA-ON BRANTFORD 11 115.00 207 05/23 813
YKZ USCA-ON BUTTONVILLE 11 113.30 248 12 - 110.90 649
YZD USCA-ON DOWNSVIEW 11 117.40 356 15/33 649
CYHM YHM USCA-ON HAMILTON 11 115.00 221 06 - 109.10 781
CYHM YHM USCA-ON HAMILTON 11 115.00 221 24 - 109.90 781
CYHM YHM USCA-ON HAMILTON 11 115.00 221 12R/30L 781
CYGK YGK USCA-ON KINGSTON 11 263 12/30 311
CYGK YGK USCA-ON KINGSTON 11 263 07/25 311
CYGK YGK USCA-ON KINGSTON 11 19 - 111.30 311
USCA-ON LINDSAY 11 110.00 248 15 - 111.10
CYXU YXU USCA-ON LONDON 11 117.20 382 09/27 912
CYXU YXU USCA-ON LONDON 11 117.20 382 15 - 109.50 912
CYYB YYB USCA-ON NORTH BAY 11 115.40 394 18/36 1220
CYYB YYB USCA-ON NORTH BAY 11 115.40 394 08 - 110.90 1220
CYYB YYB USCA-ON NORTH BAY 11 115.40 394 13/31 1220
YOO USCA-ON OSHAWA 11 114.50 391 458
CYOW YOW USCA-ON OTTAWA 11 114.60 236 17/35 374
CYOW YOW USCA-ON OTTAWA 11 114.60 236 29 - 109.50 374
CYOW YOW USCA-ON OTTAWA 11 114.60 236 04/22 374
CYOW YOW USCA-ON OTTAWA 11 114.60 236 14 - 110.30 374
CYAM YAM USCA-ON SAULT STE MARIE 11 112.20 286 11 - 109.50 1689
CYAM YAM USCA-ON SAULT STE MARIE 11 112.20 286 04/22 1689
CYSN YSN USCA-ON ST CATHARIN 11 116.40 408 11/29 321
CYSN YSN USCA-ON ST CATHARIN 11 116.40 408 01/19 321
CYSN YSN USCA-ON ST CATHARIN 11 116.40 408 06/24 321
CYSB YSB USCA-ON SUDBURY 11 112.30 362 11/29 1141
CYSB YSB USCA-ON SUDBURY 11 112.30 362 04 - 110.30 1141
CYQT YQT USCA-ON THUNDER BAY 11 114.10 332 12/30 1041
CYQT YQT USCA-ON THUNDER BAY 11 114.10 332 07 - 109.50 1041
0000 YTZ USCA-ON TORONTO Island 11 113.30 290 28 - 112.30 253
0000 YTZ USCA-ON TORONTO Island 11 113.30 290 10 - 113.20 253
0000 YTZ USCA-ON TORONTO Island 11 113.30 290 25 - 110.70 253
CYYZ YYZ USCA-ON TORONTO Pearson 11 113.30 368 24L - 109.30 569
CYYZ YYZ USCA-ON TORONTO Pearson 11 113.30 368 06L - 109.70 569
CYYZ YYZ USCA-ON TORONTO Pearson 11 113.30 368 15 - 110.50 569
CYYZ YYZ USCA-ON TORONTO Pearson 11 113.30 368 24R - 111.50 569
CYYZ YYZ USCA-ON TORONTO Pearson 11 113.30 368 33 - 110.30 569
CYYZ YYZ USCA-ON TORONTO Pearson 11 113.30 368 06R - 109.10 569
CYTR YTR USCA-ON TRENTON 11 109.70 215 06 - 109.70 288
CYTR YTR USCA-ON TRENTON 11 109.70 13/31 288
YKF USCA-ON WATERLOO 11 115.00 335 25 - 110.70 1040
YKF USCA-ON WATERLOO 11 115.00 335 14/32 1040
CYQG YQG USCA-ON WINDSOR 11 113.80 353 12/30 622
CYQG YQG USCA-ON WINDSOR 11 113.80 353 25 - 110.30 622
CYQG YQG USCA-ON WINDSOR 11 113.80 353 02/20 622
CYYG YYG USCA-PI CHARLOTTOWNE 12 114.10 347 03 - 110.90 160
USCA-PI EAST POINT 12 115.10 328
CYSU YSU USCA-PI SUMMERSIDE PEI 12 112.60 254 12 - 117.05 65
CYSU YSU USCA-PI SUMMERSIDE PEI 12 112.60 254 24 - 117.05 65
CYBC YBC USCA-QU BAIE-COMEAU 12 117.70 10/28 72
YRC USCA-QU CHICOUTIMI 12 118.40 213 18/36 540
YRC USCA-QU CHICOUTIMI 12 118.40 213 06/24 540
YRC USCA-QU CHICOUTIMI 12 118.40 213 12/30 540
0000 YGP USCA-QU GASPE 12 115.40 232
0000 YGR USCA-QU ISLE DE LA MAD 12 112.00 370 08/26 32
CYUL YUL USCA-QU MONTREAL Dorval 12 116.30 248 06L - 109.30 118
YUL USCA-QU MONTREAL Dorval 12 116.30 248 24L - 110.50 200
CYUL YUL USCA-QU MONTREAL Dorval 12 116.30 248 24R - 111.90 118
CYUL YUL USCA-QU MONTREAL Dorval 12 116.30 248 10 - 109.90 118
CYMX YMX USCA-QU MONTREAL Mirabel 12 116.70 266 11 - 110.90 260
CYMX YMX USCA-QU MONTREAL Mirabel 12 116.70 266 24 - 111.70 260
CYMX YMX USCA-QU MONTREAL Mirabel 12 116.70 266 06 - 111.30 270
YHU USCA-QU MONTREAL St Hub 12 06/24 88
CYQB YQB USCA-QU QUEBEC Int'l 12 112.80 230 12/30 242
CYQB YQB USCA-QU QUEBEC Int'l 12 112.80 230 06 - 109.50 242
CYRI YRI USCA-QU RIVIERE DU LOUP 12 113.90 05/23 426
CYZV YZV USCA-QU SEPT-ILES 12 114.50 273 09 - 109.50 180
CYRQ YRQ USCA-QU TROIS RIVIERE 12 123.00 205 05/23 203
CYVO YVO USCA-QU VAL D'OR 12 113.70 239 18 - 110.30 1105
CYQR YQR USCA-SA REGINA Def114.80 290 08/26 1894
CYQR YQR USCA-SA REGINA Def114.80 290 13 - 109.50 1894
CYXE YXE USCA-SA SASKATOON Def116.20 257 15/33 1690
CYXE YXE USCA-SA SASKATOON Def116.20 257 09 - 109.90 1690
CYXY YXY USCA-YT WHITEHORSE Def116.60 302 31L - 109.50 5285
CYXY YXY USCA-YT WHITEHORSE Def116.60 302 13L/31R 5285
YXY USCA-YT WHITEHORSE Def116.60 302 18/36 5285
US-CARIB ANTIGUA USVI 07 114.50 369 07/25 130
ABA US-CARIB ARUBA Oranjestad 07 112.50 ?28- 111.10 217
US-CARIB BAH Abacos 07 112.90 233
US-CARIB BAH Acklins Isl 07 112.70 13/31 11
MYAM US-CARIB BAH Andros N 07 112.70 12/30 5
MYAF US-CARIB BAH Andros S 07 112.70 09/27 5
0000 BIM US-CARIB BAH Bimini Islands 07 116.70 09/27 10
MYEF US-CARIB BAH Exumas 07 112.20 12/30
MYGF FPO US-CARIB BAH Freeport 07 113.20 326 06 - 109.70 7
MYGM US-CARIB BAH Grand Isl 07 112.70 05/23
MYIG US-CARIB BAH Inagua Great 07 376 09/27 16
MYLD US-CARIB BAH Long Island 07 112.70 10/28 9
MYNN NAS US-CARIB BAH Nassau 07 112.70 320 14/32 10
STC US-CARIB BAH Stan Cay 07 112.70 16/34
SML US-CARIB BAH Stella Maris 07 112.70 320 12/31 10
TCB US-CARIB BAH Treasure Key 7 112.90 233 13/31 11
BGI US-CARIB BARBADOS BrgTown 07 110.10 09L - 112.70 261
BAR US-CARIB BARBUDA Isl 07 114.50 01/19 16
BEF US-CARIB BEEF Island UK 07 360 07/25 15
TXKE BDA US-CARIB BERMUDA Kindley 07 113.90 323 12 - 109.90 60
SBBE BEL US-CARIB BRAZIL Belem 07 117.30 250 02 52
SBBE BEL US-CARIB BRAZIL Belem 07 117.30 250 06 - 109.30 52
CAN US-CARIB CANOUAN Island 07 112.40 12/30
GCM US-CARIB CAYMAN Gr Cay UK 07 115.60 415 08/26 8
SJO US-CARIB COSTA RICA S Jose 07 ?110.40?312 ?30 - 110.20 52
NBW US-CARIB CUBA Guantan Bay 07 09/27 56
MUHA HAV US-CARIB CUBA Hav J Marti 07 116.10 348 06/24 210
UMZ US-CARIB CUBA Manzanillo 07 116.00 08/26 110
MDPC US-CARIB DOM REP Prto Plata 07 115.10 08/26 16
MDSD SDQ US-CARIB DOM REP S Domingo 07 112.70 300 03/21 111
KFLL FLL US-CARIB FT LAUDERDALE FL 07 111.40 08 - 111.10 14
GDT US-CARIB GRAND TURK Isl 07 114.20 232 11/29 13
GND US-CARIB GRENADA Pnt Salin 07 117.10 10/28 130
PPR US-CARIB GUADAL PtAPtr FR 07 115.10 402 09 - 110.30 16
MTJE US-CARIB HAITI Jeremie 07 113.20 384 10/28
MTFP PAP US-CARIB HAITI Prt Aux Princ07 115.30 270 09 - 111.50
COY US-CARIB HAMILTON Alex 07 108.20 09 - 109.50 135
MKJP KIN US-CARIB JAM Kingston S 07 115.90 360 12/30 10
MBJ US-CARIB JAM Montego Bay 07 115.70 248 07/25 10
FOF US-CARIB MARTINIQUE FtDeFR 07 117.50 09 - 109.90
MMAA ACA US-CARIB MEXICO Acapulco 07 115.90 18
MMMX MEX US-CARIB MEXICO El Estado 07 117.00 05 - 109.10 7341
MIA US-CARIB MIAMI Florida 07 117.10 365 09L - 110.30 10
MIA US-CARIB MIAMI Florida 07 117.10 365 09R - 110.90 10
MIA US-CARIB MIAMI Florida 07 117.10 365 27R - 109.10 10
MIA US-CARIB MIAMI Florida 07 117.10 365 27L - 109.50 10
NEV US-CARIB NEVIS Gold Rk USVI 07 118.30 325 07/25 170
MGA US-CARIB NICARAGUA Managua 07 ?111.20
ABO US-CARIB PUERTO R Arecibo 07 391 07 - 113.50
CPX US-CARIB PUERTO R Culebra 07 391 13/31 16
SIG US-CARIB PUERTO R Isla Gr 07 114.00 391 09/27 10
MAZ US-CARIB PUERTO R Mayaguez07 110.60 391 09/27
TJPS PSE US-CARIB PUERTO R Ponce 07 109.00 391 12/30 20
TJSJ SJU US-CARIB PUERTO R S Juan 07 114.00 391 9L - 114.00 10
SJU US-CARIB PUERTO R S Juan 07 114.00 391 06 - 110.30 10
TJSJ SJU US-CARIB PUERTO R S Juan 07 114.00 391 10 - 109.70 10
SAB US-CARIB SABA Island Neth 07 114.50 289 11L- 108.20
SJO US-CARIB SAN JOSE Costa Rica07 ?110.40?312 ?30 - 110.20 52
TISX STX US-CARIB ST CROIX USVI 07 108.20 290 09/27 61
MDSD SDQ US-CARIB ST DOMINGO DR 07 112.70 300 03/21 111
EUS US-CARIB ST EUSTATIUS Neth 07 114.50 286 03 - 113.00
HEW US-CARIB ST LUCIA Hewanorra 07 112.40 415 10/28
PJM US-CARIB ST MAARTEN PrJul 07 113.00 308 09L/27R 16
STT US-CARIB ST THOMAS Cyr King 07 108.60 10 - 110.10 15
ETY US-CARIB ST VINCENT Island 07 403 07/25
TPPP POS US-CARIB TRINIDAD Prt of Spn07 116.90 06/24 60
I tried to use more common sense and convenience than Geographical rules in
this list. It is "ZONED" in area groups. Study it and eventually you will
find out what everything means... Cases like EUR-NUK means, Europe-North-UK,
EUR-SFR means Europe-South-France.... etc.... I included Russia with Europe
North even though it's in Asia, since we can find Russia in the European
Scenery. Greek, Turkey, Israel and Africa are under EUR-STH, Europe-South.
AZ Azores Islands (Listed under Spai)
BEL Belgium
CAN Canary Islands (Listed Under Spain)
CARIB Caribbean (Listed Under U.S.)
EU Europe (Used with the GB-? Series)
EUR Europe
NFR France (e.g. EUR-NFR Europe-North-France)
GB Great Britain (GB Series)
NGE Germany (e.g. EUR-NGE Europe-North-Germany)
HAW Hawaii (Listed under PACific)
SIT Italy (e.g. EUR-SIT Europe-South-Italy)
JPN Japan (Listed under PACific)
N?? North (Ex. EUR-NUK Europe North United Kingdom)
PAC Pacific Islands: Hawaii, Japan, Hong Kong
SPN Spain (Includes Portugal and the Azores)
TAH Tahiti (Listed under PACific)
UK UK (Incl Scotland, Ireland & Wales
US United States (Used with Caribbean Sceneries)
USA United States of America
USCA Canada (FS4/5 US area) named like that because of the vicinity.
Alfred Grech
***This is the Project Gutenberg Etext of Alice in Wonderland***
*This 30th edition should be labeled alice30.txt or
***This Edition Is Being Officially Released On March 8, 1994***
**In Celebration Of The 23rd Anniversary of Project Gutenberg***
Please take a look at the important information in this header.
We encourage you to keep this file on your own disk, keeping an
electronic path open for the next readers. Do not remove this.
**Welcome To The World of Free Plain Vanilla Electronic Texts**
**Etexts Readable By Both Humans and By Computers, Since 1971**
*These Etexts Prepared By Hundreds of Volunteers and Donations*
Information on contacting Project Gutenberg to get Etexts, and
further information is included below. We need your donations.
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
March, 1994 [Etext #11]
[Originally released in January, 1991]
*****The Project Gutenberg Etext of Alice In Wonderland*****
******This file should be named alice30.txt or******
Corrected EDITIONS of our etexts get a new NUMBER, alice31.txt
VERSIONS based on separate sources get new LETTER, alice30a.txt
We are now trying to release all our books one month in advance
of the official release dates, for time for better editing. We
have this as a goal to accomplish by the end of the year but we
cannot guarantee to stay that far ahead every month after that.
Please note: neither this list nor its contents are final till
midnight of the last day of the month of any such announcement.
The official release date of all Project Gutenberg Etexts is at
Midnight, Central Time, of the last day of the stated month. A
preliminary version may often be posted for suggestion, comment
and editing by those who wish to do so. To be sure you have an
up to date first edition [] please check file sizes
in the first week of the next month. Since our ftp program has
a bug in it that scrambles the date [tried to fix and failed] a
look at the file size will have to do, but we will try to see a
new copy has at least one byte more or less.
Information about Project Gutenberg (one page)
We produce about two million dollars for each hour we work. The
fifty hours is one conservative estimate for how long it we take
to get any etext selected, entered, proofread, edited, copyright
searched and analyzed, the copyright letters written, etc. This
projected audience is one hundred million readers. If our value
per text is nominally estimated at one dollar then we produce $4
million dollars per hour this year as we release some eight text
files per month: thus upping our productivity from $2 million.
The Goal of Project Gutenberg is to Give Away One Trillion Etext
Files by the December 31, 2001. [10,000 x 100,000,000=Trillion]
This is ten thousand titles each to one hundred million readers,
which is 10% of the expected number of computer users by the end
of the year 2001.
We need your donations more than ever!
All donations should be made to "Project Gutenberg/IBC", and are
tax deductible to the extent allowable by law ("IBC" is Illinois
Benedictine College). (Subscriptions to our paper newsletter go
to IBC, too)
For these and other matters, please mail to:
Project Gutenberg
Champaign, IL 61825
When all other email fails try our Michael S. Hart, Executive
Director: (internet) hart@uiucvmd (bitnet)
We would prefer to send you this information by email
(Internet, Bitnet, Compuserve, ATTMAIL or MCImail).
If you have an FTP program (or emulator), please
FTP directly to the Project Gutenberg archives:
[Mac users, do NOT point and click. . .type]
login: anonymous
password: your@login
cd etext/etext91
or cd etext92
or cd etext93 [for new books] [now also in cd etext/etext93]
or cd etext/articles [get suggest gut for more information]
dir [to see files]
get or mget [to get files. . .set bin for zip files]
for a list of books
GET NEW GUT for general information
MGET GUT* for newsletters.
**Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor**
(Three Pages)
Why is this "Small Print!" statement here? You know: lawyers.
They tell us you might sue us if there is something wrong with
your copy of this etext, even if you got it for free from
someone other than us, and even if what's wrong is not our
fault. So, among other things, this "Small Print!" statement
disclaims most of our liability to you. It also tells you how
you can distribute copies of this etext if you want to.
By using or reading any part of this PROJECT GUTENBERG-tm
etext, you indicate that you understand, agree to and accept
this "Small Print!" statement. If you do not, you can receive
a refund of the money (if any) you paid for this etext by
sending a request within 30 days of receiving it to the person
you got it from. If you received this etext on a physical
medium (such as a disk), you must return it with your request.
tm etexts, is a "public domain" work distributed by Professor
Michael S. Hart through the Project Gutenberg Association at
Illinois Benedictine College (the "Project"). Among other
things, this means that no one owns a United States copyright
on or for this work, so the Project (and you!) can copy and
distribute it in the United States without permission and
without paying copyright royalties. Special rules, set forth
below, apply if you wish to copy and distribute this etext
under the Project's "PROJECT GUTENBERG" trademark.
To create these etexts, the Project expends considerable
efforts to identify, transcribe and proofread public domain
works. Despite these efforts, the Project's etexts and any
medium they may be on may contain "Defects". Among other
things, Defects may take the form of incomplete, inaccurate or
corrupt data, transcription errors, a copyright or other
intellectual property infringement, a defective or damaged
disk or other etext medium, a computer virus, or computer
codes that damage or cannot be read by your equipment.
But for the "Right of Replacement or Refund" described below,
[1] the Project (and any other party you may receive this
etext from as a PROJECT GUTENBERG-tm etext) disclaims all
liability to you for damages, costs and expenses, including
If you discover a Defect in this etext within 90 days of
receiving it, you can receive a refund of the money (if any)
you paid for it by sending an explanatory note within that
time to the person you received it from. If you received it
on a physical medium, you must return it with your note, and
such person may choose to alternatively give you a replacement
copy. If you received it electronically, such person may
choose to alternatively give you a second opportunity to
receive it electronically.
Some states do not allow disclaimers of implied warranties or
the exclusion or limitation of consequential damages, so the
above disclaimers and exclusions may not apply to you, and you
may have other legal rights.
You will indemnify and hold the Project, its directors,
officers, members and agents harmless from all liability, cost
and expense, including legal fees, that arise directly or
indirectly from any of the following that you do or cause:
[1] distribution of this etext, [2] alteration, modification,
or addition to the etext, or [3] any Defect.
You may distribute copies of this etext electronically, or by
disk, book or any other medium if you either delete this
"Small Print!" and all other references to Project Gutenberg,
[1] Only give exact copies of it. Among other things, this
requires that you do not remove, alter or modify the
etext or this "small print!" statement. You may however,
if you wish, distribute this etext in machine readable
binary, compressed, mark-up, or proprietary form,
including any form resulting from conversion by word pro-
cessing or hypertext software, but only so long as
[*] The etext, when displayed, is clearly readable, and
does *not* contain characters other than those
intended by the author of the work, although tilde
(~), asterisk (*) and underline (_) characters may
be used to convey punctuation intended by the
author, and additional characters may be used to
indicate hypertext links; OR
[*] The etext may be readily converted by the reader at
no expense into plain ASCII, EBCDIC or equivalent
form by the program that displays the etext (as is
the case, for instance, with most word processors);
[*] You provide, or agree to also provide on request at
no additional cost, fee or expense, a copy of the
etext in its original plain ASCII form (or in EBCDIC
or other equivalent proprietary form).
[2] Honor the etext refund and replacement provisions of this
"Small Print!" statement.
[3] Pay a trademark license fee to the Project of 20% of the
net profits you derive calculated using the method you
already use to calculate your applicable taxes. If you
don't derive profits, no royalty is due. Royalties are
payable to "Project Gutenberg Association / Illinois
Benedictine College" within the 60 days following each
date you prepare (or were legally required to prepare)
your annual (or equivalent periodic) tax return.
The Project gratefully accepts contributions in money, time,
scanning machines, OCR software, public domain etexts, royalty
free copyright licenses, and every other sort of contribution
you can think of. Money should be paid to "Project Gutenberg
Association / Illinois Benedictine College".
This "Small Print!" by Charles B. Kramer, Attorney
Internet (; TEL: (212-254-5093)
Lewis Carroll
Down the Rabbit-Hole
Alice was beginning to get very tired of sitting by her sister
on the bank, and of having nothing to do: once or twice she had
peeped into the book her sister was reading, but it had no
pictures or conversations in it, `and what is the use of a book,'
thought Alice `without pictures or conversation?'
So she was considering in her own mind (as well as she could,
for the hot day made her feel very sleepy and stupid), whether
the pleasure of making a daisy-chain would be worth the trouble
of getting up and picking the daisies, when suddenly a White
Rabbit with pink eyes ran close by her.
There was nothing so VERY remarkable in that; nor did Alice
think it so VERY much out of the way to hear the Rabbit say to
itself, `Oh dear! Oh dear! I shall be late!' (when she thought
it over afterwards, it occurred to her that she ought to have
wondered at this, but at the time it all seemed quite natural);
but when the Rabbit actually TOOK A WATCH OUT OF ITS WAISTCOAT-
POCKET, and looked at it, and then hurried on, Alice started to
her feet, for it flashed across her mind that she had never
before seen a rabbit with either a waistcoat-pocket, or a watch to
take out of it, and burning with curiosity, she ran across the
field after it, and fortunately was just in time to see it pop
down a large rabbit-hole under the hedge.
In another moment down went Alice after it, never once
considering how in the world she was to get out again.
The rabbit-hole went straight on like a tunnel for some way,
and then dipped suddenly down, so suddenly that Alice had not a
moment to think about stopping herself before she found herself
falling down a very deep well.
Either the well was very deep, or she fell very slowly, for she
had plenty of time as she went down to look about her and to
wonder what was going to happen next. First, she tried to look
down and make out what she was coming to, but it was too dark to
see anything; then she looked at the sides of the well, and
noticed that they were filled with cupboards and book-shelves;
here and there she saw maps and pictures hung upon pegs. She
took down a jar from one of the shelves as she passed; it was
labelled `ORANGE MARMALADE', but to her great disappointment it
was empty: she did not like to drop the jar for fear of killing
somebody, so managed to put it into one of the cupboards as she
fell past it.
`Well!' thought Alice to herself, `after such a fall as this, I
shall think nothing of tumbling down stairs! How brave they'll
all think me at home! Why, I wouldn't say anything about it,
even if I fell off the top of the house!' (Which was very likely
Down, down, down. Would the fall NEVER come to an end! `I
wonder how many miles I've fallen by this time?' she said aloud.
`I must be getting somewhere near the centre of the earth. Let
me see: that would be four thousand miles down, I think--' (for,
you see, Alice had learnt several things of this sort in her
lessons in the schoolroom, and though this was not a VERY good
opportunity for showing off her knowledge, as there was no one to
listen to her, still it was good practice to say it over) `--yes,
that's about the right distance--but then I wonder what Latitude
or Longitude I've got to?' (Alice had no idea what Latitude was,
or Longitude either, but thought they were nice grand words to
Presently she began again. `I wonder if I shall fall right
THROUGH the earth! How funny it'll seem to come out among the
people that walk with their heads downward! The Antipathies, I
think--' (she was rather glad there WAS no one listening, this
time, as it didn't sound at all the right word) `--but I shall
have to ask them what the name of the country is, you know.
Please, Ma'am, is this New Zealand or Australia?' (and she tried
to curtsey as she spoke--fancy CURTSEYING as you're falling
through the air! Do you think you could manage it?) `And what
an ignorant little girl she'll think me for asking! No, it'll
never do to ask: perhaps I shall see it written up somewhere.'
Down, down, down. There was nothing else to do, so Alice soon
began talking again. `Dinah'll miss me very much to-night, I
should think!' (Dinah was the cat.) `I hope they'll remember
her saucer of milk at tea-time. Dinah my dear! I wish you were
down here with me! There are no mice in the air, I'm afraid, but
you might catch a bat, and that's very like a mouse, you know.
But do cats eat bats, I wonder?' And here Alice began to get
rather sleepy, and went on saying to herself, in a dreamy sort of
way, `Do cats eat bats? Do cats eat bats?' and sometimes, `Do
bats eat cats?' for, you see, as she couldn't answer either
question, it didn't much matter which way she put it. She felt
that she was dozing off, and had just begun to dream that she
was walking hand in hand with Dinah, and saying to her very
earnestly, `Now, Dinah, tell me the truth: did you ever eat a
bat?' when suddenly, thump! thump! down she came upon a heap of
sticks and dry leaves, and the fall was over.
Alice was not a bit hurt, and she jumped up on to her feet in a
moment: she looked up, but it was all dark overhead; before her
was another long passage, and the White Rabbit was still in
sight, hurrying down it. There was not a moment to be lost:
away went Alice like the wind, and was just in time to hear it
say, as it turned a corner, `Oh my ears and whiskers, how late
it's getting!' She was close behind it when she turned the
corner, but the Rabbit was no longer to be seen: she found
herself in a long, low hall, which was lit up by a row of lamps
hanging from the roof.
There were doors all round the hall, but they were all locked;
and when Alice had been all the way down one side and up the
other, trying every door, she walked sadly down the middle,
wondering how she was ever to get out again.
Suddenly she came upon a little three-legged table, all made of
solid glass; there was nothing on it except a tiny golden key,
and Alice's first thought was that it might belong to one of the
doors of the hall; but, alas! either the locks were too large, or
the key was too small, but at any rate it would not open any of
them. However, on the second time round, she came upon a low
curtain she had not noticed before, and behind it was a little
door about fifteen inches high: she tried the little golden key
in the lock, and to her great delight it fitted!
Alice opened the door and found that it led into a small
passage, not much larger than a rat-hole: she knelt down and
looked along the passage into the loveliest garden you ever saw.
How she longed to get out of that dark hall, and wander about
among those beds of bright flowers and those cool fountains, but
she could not even get her head though the doorway; `and even if
my head would go through,' thought poor Alice, `it would be of
very little use without my shoulders. Oh, how I wish
I could shut up like a telescope! I think I could, if I only
know how to begin.' For, you see, so many out-of-the-way things
had happened lately, that Alice had begun to think that very few
things indeed were really impossible.
There seemed to be no use in waiting by the little door, so she
went back to the table, half hoping she might find another key on
it, or at any rate a book of rules for shutting people up like
telescopes: this time she found a little bottle on it, (`which
certainly was not here before,' said Alice,) and round the neck
of the bottle was a paper label, with the words `DRINK ME'
beautifully printed on it in large letters.
It was all very well to say `Drink me,' but the wise little
Alice was not going to do THAT in a hurry. `No, I'll look
first,' she said, `and see whether it's marked "poison" or not';
for she had read several nice little histories about children who
had got burnt, and eaten up by wild beasts and other unpleasant
things, all because they WOULD not remember the simple rules
their friends had taught them: such as, that a red-hot poker
will burn you if you hold it too long; and that if you cut your
finger VERY deeply with a knife, it usually bleeds; and she had
never forgotten that, if you drink much from a bottle marked
`poison,' it is almost certain to disagree with you, sooner or
However, this bottle was NOT marked `poison,' so Alice ventured
to taste it, and finding it very nice, (it had, in fact, a sort
of mixed flavour of cherry-tart, custard, pine-apple, roast
turkey, toffee, and hot buttered toast,) she very soon finished
`What a curious feeling!' said Alice; `I must be shutting up
like a telescope.'
And so it was indeed: she was now only ten inches high, and
her face brightened up at the thought that she was now the right
size for going through the little door into that lovely garden.
First, however, she waited for a few minutes to see if she was
going to shrink any further: she felt a little nervous about
this; `for it might end, you know,' said Alice to herself, `in my
going out altogether, like a candle. I wonder what I should be
like then?' And she tried to fancy what the flame of a candle is
like after the candle is blown out, for she could not remember
ever having seen such a thing.
After a while, finding that nothing more happened, she decided
on going into the garden at once; but, alas for poor Alice!
when she got to the door, she found she had forgotten the
little golden key, and when she went back to the table for it,
she found she could not possibly reach it: she could see it
quite plainly through the glass, and she tried her best to climb
up one of the legs of the table, but it was too slippery;
and when she had tired herself out with trying,
the poor little thing sat down and cried.
`Come, there's no use in crying like that!' said Alice to
herself, rather sharply; `I advise you to leave off this minute!'
She generally gave herself very good advice, (though she very
seldom followed it), and sometimes she scolded herself so
severely as to bring tears into her eyes; and once she remembered
trying to box her own ears for having cheated herself in a game
of croquet she was playing against herself, for this curious
child was very fond of pretending to be two people. `But it's no
use now,' thought poor Alice, `to pretend to be two people! Why,
there's hardly enough of me left to make ONE respectable
Soon her eye fell on a little glass box that was lying under
the table: she opened it, and found in it a very small cake, on
which the words `EAT ME' were beautifully marked in currants.
`Well, I'll eat it,' said Alice, `and if it makes me grow larger,
I can reach the key; and if it makes me grow smaller, I can creep
under the door; so either way I'll get into the garden, and I
don't care which happens!'
She ate a little bit, and said anxiously to herself, `Which
way? Which way?', holding her hand on the top of her head to
feel which way it was growing, and she was quite surprised to
find that she remained the same size: to be sure, this generally
happens when one eats cake, but Alice had got so much into the
way of expecting nothing but out-of-the-way things to happen,
that it seemed quite dull and stupid for life to go on in the
common way.
So she set to work, and very soon finished off the cake.
The Pool of Tears
`Curiouser and curiouser!' cried Alice (she was so much
surprised, that for the moment she quite forgot how to speak good
English); `now I'm opening out like the largest telescope that
ever was! Good-bye, feet!' (for when she looked down at her
feet, they seemed to be almost out of sight, they were getting so
far off). `Oh, my poor little feet, I wonder who will put on
your shoes and stockings for you now, dears? I'm sure _I_ shan't
be able! I shall be a great deal too far off to trouble myself
about you: you must manage the best way you can; --but I must be
kind to them,' thought Alice, `or perhaps they won't walk the
way I want to go! Let me see: I'll give them a new pair of
boots every Christmas.'
And she went on planning to herself how she would manage it.
`They must go by the carrier,' she thought; `and how funny it'll
seem, sending presents to one's own feet! And how odd the
directions will look!
Oh dear, what nonsense I'm talking!'
Just then her head struck against the roof of the hall: in
fact she was now more than nine feet high, and she at once took
up the little golden key and hurried off to the garden door.
Poor Alice! It was as much as she could do, lying down on one
side, to look through into the garden with one eye; but to get
through was more hopeless than ever: she sat down and began to
cry again.
`You ought to be ashamed of yourself,' said Alice, `a great
girl like you,' (she might well say this), `to go on crying in
this way! Stop this moment, I tell you!' But she went on all
the same, shedding gallons of tears, until there was a large pool
all round her, about four inches deep and reaching half down the
After a time she heard a little pattering of feet in the
distance, and she hastily dried her eyes to see what was coming.
It was the White Rabbit returning, splendidly dressed, with a
pair of white kid gloves in one hand and a large fan in the
other: he came trotting along in a great hurry, muttering to
himself as he came, `Oh! the Duchess, the Duchess! Oh! won't she
be savage if I've kept her waiting!' Alice felt so desperate
that she was ready to ask help of any one; so, when the Rabbit
came near her, she began, in a low, timid voice, `If you please,
sir--' The Rabbit started violently, dropped the white kid
gloves and the fan, and skurried away into the darkness as hard
as he could go.
Alice took up the fan and gloves, and, as the hall was very
hot, she kept fanning herself all the time she went on talking:
`Dear, dear! How queer everything is to-day! And yesterday
things went on just as usual. I wonder if I've been changed in
the night? Let me think: was I the same when I got up this
morning? I almost think I can remember feeling a little
different. But if I'm not the same, the next question is, Who in
the world am I? Ah, THAT'S the great puzzle!' And she began
thinking over all the children she knew that were of the same age
as herself, to see if she could have been changed for any of
`I'm sure I'm not Ada,' she said, `for her hair goes in such
long ringlets, and mine doesn't go in ringlets at all; and I'm
sure I can't be Mabel, for I know all sorts of things, and she,
oh! she knows such a very little! Besides, SHE'S she, and I'm I,
and--oh dear, how puzzling it all is! I'll try if I know all the
things I used to know. Let me see: four times five is twelve,
and four times six is thirteen, and four times seven is--oh dear!
I shall never get to twenty at that rate! However, the
Multiplication Table doesn't signify: let's try Geography.
London is the capital of Paris, and Paris is the capital of Rome,
and Rome--no, THAT'S all wrong, I'm certain! I must have been
changed for Mabel! I'll try and say "How doth the little--"'
and she crossed her hands on her lap as if she were saying lessons,
and began to repeat it, but her voice sounded hoarse and
strange, and the words did not come the same as they used to do:--
`How doth the little crocodile
Improve his shining tail,
And pour the waters of the Nile
On every golden scale!
`How cheerfully he seems to grin,
How neatly spread his claws,
And welcome little fishes in
With gently smiling jaws!'
`I'm sure those are not the right words,' said poor Alice, and
her eyes filled with tears again as she went on, `I must be Mabel
after all, and I shall have to go and live in that poky little
house, and have next to no toys to play with, and oh! ever so
many lessons to learn! No, I've made up my mind about it; if I'm
Mabel, I'll stay down here! It'll be no use their putting their
heads down and saying "Come up again, dear!" I shall only look
up and say "Who am I then? Tell me that first, and then, if I
like being that person, I'll come up: if not, I'll stay down
here till I'm somebody else"--but, oh dear!' cried Alice, with a
sudden burst of tears, `I do wish they WOULD put their heads
down! I am so VERY tired of being all alone here!'
As she said this she looked down at her hands, and was
surprised to see that she had put on one of the Rabbit's little
white kid gloves while she was talking. `How CAN I have done
that?' she thought. `I must be growing small again.' She got up
and went to the table to measure herself by it, and found that,
as nearly as she could guess, she was now about two feet high,
and was going on shrinking rapidly: she soon found out that the
cause of this was the fan she was holding, and she dropped it
hastily, just in time to avoid shrinking away altogether.
`That WAS a narrow escape!' said Alice, a good deal frightened at
the sudden change, but very glad to find herself still in
existence; `and now for the garden!' and she ran with all speed
back to the little door: but, alas! the little door was shut
again, and the little golden key was lying on the glass table as
before, `and things are worse than ever,' thought the poor child,
`for I never was so small as this before, never! And I declare
it's too bad, that it is!'
As she said these words her foot slipped, and in another
moment, splash! she was up to her chin in salt water. Her first
idea was that she had somehow fallen into the sea, `and in that
case I can go back by railway,' she said to herself. (Alice had
been to the seaside once in her life, and had come to the general
conclusion, that wherever you go to on the English coast you find
a number of bathing machines in the sea, some children digging in
the sand with wooden spades, then a row of lodging houses, and
behind them a railway station.) However, she soon made out that
she was in the pool of tears which she had wept when she was nine
feet high.
`I wish I hadn't cried so much!' said Alice, as she swam about,
trying to find her way out. `I shall be punished for it now, I
suppose, by being drowned in my own tears! That WILL be a queer
thing, to be sure! However, everything is queer to-day.'
Just then she heard something splashing about in the pool a
little way off, and she swam nearer to make out what it was: at
first she thought it must be a walrus or hippopotamus, but then
she remembered how small she was now, and she soon made out that
it was only a mouse that had slipped in like herself.
`Would it be of any use, now,' thought Alice, `to speak to this
mouse? Everything is so out-of-the-way down here, that I should
think very likely it can talk: at any rate, there's no harm in
trying.' So she began: `O Mouse, do you know the way out of
this pool? I am very tired of swimming about here, O Mouse!'
(Alice thought this must be the right way of speaking to a mouse:
she had never done such a thing before, but she remembered having
seen in her brother's Latin Grammar, `A mouse--of a mouse--to a
mouse--a mouse--O mouse!' The Mouse looked at her rather
inquisitively, and seemed to her to wink with one of its little
eyes, but it said nothing.
`Perhaps it doesn't understand English,' thought Alice; `I
daresay it's a French mouse, come over with William the
Conqueror.' (For, with all her knowledge of history, Alice had
no very clear notion how long ago anything had happened.) So she
began again: `Ou est ma chatte?' which was the first sentence in
her French lesson-book. The Mouse gave a sudden leap out of the
water, and seemed to quiver all over with fright. `Oh, I beg
your pardon!' cried Alice hastily, afraid that she had hurt the
poor animal's feelings. `I quite forgot you didn't like cats.'
`Not like cats!' cried the Mouse, in a shrill, passionate
voice. `Would YOU like cats if you were me?'
`Well, perhaps not,' said Alice in a soothing tone: `don't be
angry about it. And yet I wish I could show you our cat Dinah:
I think you'd take a fancy to cats if you could only see her.
She is such a dear quiet thing,' Alice went on, half to herself,
as she swam lazily about in the pool, `and she sits purring so
nicely by the fire, licking her paws and washing her face--and
she is such a nice soft thing to nurse--and she's such a capital
one for catching mice--oh, I beg your pardon!' cried Alice again,
for this time the Mouse was bristling all over, and she felt
certain it must be really offended. `We won't talk about her any
more if you'd rather not.'
`We indeed!' cried the Mouse, who was trembling down to the end
of his tail. `As if I would talk on such a subject! Our family
always HATED cats: nasty, low, vulgar things! Don't let me hear
the name again!'
`I won't indeed!' said Alice, in a great hurry to change the
subject of conversation. `Are you--are you fond--of--of dogs?'
The Mouse did not answer, so Alice went on eagerly: `There is
such a nice little dog near our house I should like to show you!
A little bright-eyed terrier, you know, with oh, such long curly
brown hair! And it'll fetch things when you throw them, and
it'll sit up and beg for its dinner, and all sorts of things--I
can't remember half of them--and it belongs to a farmer, you
know, and he says it's so useful, it's worth a hundred pounds!
He says it kills all the rats and--oh dear!' cried Alice in a
sorrowful tone, `I'm afraid I've offended it again!' For the
Mouse was swimming away from her as hard as it could go, and
making quite a commotion in the pool as it went.
So she called softly after it, `Mouse dear! Do come back
again, and we won't talk about cats or dogs either, if you don't
like them!' When the Mouse heard this, it turned round and swam
slowly back to her: its face was quite pale (with passion, Alice
thought), and it said in a low trembling voice, `Let us get to
the shore, and then I'll tell you my history, and you'll
understand why it is I hate cats and dogs.'
It was high time to go, for the pool was getting quite crowded
with the birds and animals that had fallen into it: there were a
Duck and a Dodo, a Lory and an Eaglet, and several other curious
creatures. Alice led the way, and the whole party swam to the
A Caucus-Race and a Long Tale
They were indeed a queer-looking party that assembled on the
bank--the birds with draggled feathers, the animals with their
fur clinging close to them, and all dripping wet, cross, and
The first question of course was, how to get dry again: they
had a consultation about this, and after a few minutes it seemed
quite natural to Alice to find herself talking familiarly with
them, as if she had known them all her life. Indeed, she had
quite a long argument with the Lory, who at last turned sulky,
and would only say, `I am older than you, and must know better';
and this Alice would not allow without knowing how old it was,
and, as the Lory positively refused to tell its age, there was no
more to be said.
At last the Mouse, who seemed to be a person of authority among
them, called out, `Sit down, all of you, and listen to me! I'LL
soon make you dry enough!' They all sat down at once, in a large
ring, with the Mouse in the middle. Alice kept her eyes
anxiously fixed on it, for she felt sure she would catch a bad
cold if she did not get dry very soon.
`Ahem!' said the Mouse with an important air, `are you all ready?
This is the driest thing I know. Silence all round, if you please!
"William the Conqueror, whose cause was favoured by the pope, was
soon submitted to by the English, who wanted leaders, and had been
of late much accustomed to usurpation and conquest. Edwin and
Morcar, the earls of Mercia and Northumbria--"'
`Ugh!' said the Lory, with a shiver.
`I beg your pardon!' said the Mouse, frowning, but very
politely: `Did you speak?'
`Not I!' said the Lory hastily.
`I thought you did,' said the Mouse. `--I proceed. "Edwin and
Morcar, the earls of Mercia and Northumbria, declared for him:
and even Stigand, the patriotic archbishop of Canterbury, found
it advisable--"'
`Found WHAT?' said the Duck.
`Found IT,' the Mouse replied rather crossly: `of course you
know what "it" means.'
`I know what "it" means well enough, when I find a thing,' said
the Duck: `it's generally a frog or a worm. The question is,
what did the archbishop find?'
The Mouse did not notice this question, but hurriedly went on,
`"--found it advisable to go with Edgar Atheling to meet William
and offer him the crown. William's conduct at first was
moderate. But the insolence of his Normans--" How are you
getting on now, my dear?' it continued, turning to Alice as it
`As wet as ever,' said Alice in a melancholy tone: `it doesn't
seem to dry me at all.'
`In that case,' said the Dodo solemnly, rising to its feet, `I
move that the meeting adjourn, for the immediate adoption of more
energetic remedies--'
`Speak English!' said the Eaglet. `I don't know the meaning of
half those long words, and, what's more, I don't believe you do
either!' And the Eaglet bent down its head to hide a smile:
some of the other birds tittered audibly.
`What I was going to say,' said the Dodo in an offended tone,
`was, that the best thing to get us dry would be a Caucus-race.'
`What IS a Caucus-race?' said Alice; not that she wanted much
to know, but the Dodo had paused as if it thought that SOMEBODY
ought to speak, and no one else seemed inclined to say anything.
`Why,' said the Dodo, `the best way to explain it is to do it.'
(And, as you might like to try the thing yourself, some winter
day, I will tell you how the Dodo managed it.)
First it marked out a race-course, in a sort of circle, (`the
exact shape doesn't matter,' it said,) and then all the party
were placed along the course, here and there. There was no `One,
two, three, and away,' but they began running when they liked,
and left off when they liked, so that it was not easy to know
when the race was over. However, when they had been running half
an hour or so, and were quite dry again, the Dodo suddenly called
out `The race is over!' and they all crowded round it, panting,
and asking, `But who has won?'
This question the Dodo could not answer without a great deal of
thought, and it sat for a long time with one finger pressed upon
its forehead (the position in which you usually see Shakespeare,
in the pictures of him), while the rest waited in silence. At
last the Dodo said, `EVERYBODY has won, and all must have
`But who is to give the prizes?' quite a chorus of voices
`Why, SHE, of course,' said the Dodo, pointing to Alice with
one finger; and the whole party at once crowded round her,
calling out in a confused way, `Prizes! Prizes!'
Alice had no idea what to do, and in despair she put her hand
in her pocket, and pulled out a box of comfits, (luckily the salt
water had not got into it), and handed them round as prizes.
There was exactly one a-piece all round.
`But she must have a prize herself, you know,' said the Mouse.
`Of course,' the Dodo replied very gravely. `What else have
you got in your pocket?' he went on, turning to Alice.
`Only a thimble,' said Alice sadly.
`Hand it over here,' said the Dodo.
Then they all crowded round her once more, while the Dodo
solemnly presented the thimble, saying `We beg your acceptance of
this elegant thimble'; and, when it had finished this short
speech, they all cheered.
Alice thought the whole thing very absurd, but they all looked
so grave that she did not dare to laugh; and, as she could not
think of anything to say, she simply bowed, and took the thimble,
looking as solemn as she could.
The next thing was to eat the comfits: this caused some noise
and confusion, as the large birds complained that they could not
taste theirs, and the small ones choked and had to be patted on
the back. However, it was over at last, and they sat down again
in a ring, and begged the Mouse to tell them something more.
`You promised to tell me your history, you know,' said Alice,
`and why it is you hate--C and D,' she added in a whisper, half
afraid that it would be offended again.
`Mine is a long and a sad tale!' said the Mouse, turning to
Alice, and sighing.
`It IS a long tail, certainly,' said Alice, looking down with
wonder at the Mouse's tail; `but why do you call it sad?' And
she kept on puzzling about it while the Mouse was speaking, so
that her idea of the tale was something like this:--
`Fury said to a
mouse, That he
met in the
both go to
law: I will
YOU. --Come,
I'll take no
denial; We
must have a
trial: For
really this
morning I've
Said the
mouse to the
cur, "Such
a trial,
dear Sir,
no jury
or judge,
would be
judge, I'll
be jury,"
old Fury:
try the
`You are not attending!' said the Mouse to Alice severely.
`What are you thinking of?'
`I beg your pardon,' said Alice very humbly: `you had got to
the fifth bend, I think?'
`I had NOT!' cried the Mouse, sharply and very angrily.
`A knot!' said Alice, always ready to make herself useful, and
looking anxiously about her. `Oh, do let me help to undo it!'
`I shall do nothing of the sort,' said the Mouse, getting up
and walking away. `You insult me by talking such nonsense!'
`I didn't mean it!' pleaded poor Alice. `But you're so easily
offended, you know!'
The Mouse only growled in reply.
`Please come back and finish your story!' Alice called after
it; and the others all joined in chorus, `Yes, please do!' but
the Mouse only shook its head impatiently, and walked a little
`What a pity it wouldn't stay!' sighed the Lory, as soon as it
was quite out of sight; and an old Crab took the opportunity of
saying to her daughter `Ah, my dear! Let this be a lesson to you
never to lose YOUR temper!' `Hold your tongue, Ma!' said the
young Crab, a little snappishly. `You're enough to try the
patience of an oyster!'
`I wish I had our Dinah here, I know I do!' said Alice aloud,
addressing nobody in particular. `She'd soon fetch it back!'
`And who is Dinah, if I might venture to ask the question?'
said the Lory.
Alice replied eagerly, for she was always ready to talk about
her pet: `Dinah's our cat. And she's such a capital one for
catching mice you can't think! And oh, I wish you could see her
after the birds! Why, she'll eat a little bird as soon as look
This speech caused a remarkable sensation among the party.
Some of the birds hurried off at once: one old Magpie began
wrapping itself up very carefully, remarking, `I really must be
getting home; the night-air doesn't suit my throat!' and a Canary
called out in a trembling voice to its children, `Come away, my
dears! It's high time you were all in bed!' On various pretexts
they all moved off, and Alice was soon left alone.
`I wish I hadn't mentioned Dinah!' she said to herself in a
melancholy tone. `Nobody seems to like her, down here, and I'm
sure she's the best cat in the world! Oh, my dear Dinah! I
wonder if I shall ever see you any more!' And here poor Alice
began to cry again, for she felt very lonely and low-spirited.
In a little while, however, she again heard a little pattering of
footsteps in the distance, and she looked up eagerly, half hoping
that the Mouse had changed his mind, and was coming back to
finish his story.
The Rabbit Sends in a Little Bill
It was the White Rabbit, trotting slowly back again, and
looking anxiously about as it went, as if it had lost something;
and she heard it muttering to itself `The Duchess! The Duchess!
Oh my dear paws! Oh my fur and whiskers! She'll get me
executed, as sure as ferrets are ferrets! Where CAN I have
dropped them, I wonder?' Alice guessed in a moment that it was
looking for the fan and the pair of white kid gloves, and she
very good-naturedly began hunting about for them, but they were
nowhere to be seen--everything seemed to have changed since her
swim in the pool, and the great hall, with the glass table and
the little door, had vanished completely.
Very soon the Rabbit noticed Alice, as she went hunting about,
and called out to her in an angry tone, `Why, Mary Ann, what ARE
you doing out here? Run home this moment, and fetch me a pair of
gloves and a fan! Quick, now!' And Alice was so much frightened
that she ran off at once in the direction it pointed to, without
trying to explain the mistake it had made.
`He took me for his housemaid,' she said to herself as she ran.
`How surprised he'll be when he finds out who I am! But I'd
better take him his fan and gloves--that is, if I can find them.'
As she said this, she came upon a neat little house, on the door
of which was a bright brass plate with the name `W. RABBIT'
engraved upon it. She went in without knocking, and hurried
upstairs, in great fear lest she should meet the real Mary Ann,
and be turned out of the house before she had found the fan and
`How queer it seems,' Alice said to herself, `to be going
messages for a rabbit! I suppose Dinah'll be sending me on
messages next!' And she began fancying the sort of thing that
would happen: `"Miss Alice! Come here directly, and get ready
for your walk!" "Coming in a minute, nurse! But I've got to see
that the mouse doesn't get out." Only I don't think,' Alice went
on, `that they'd let Dinah stop in the house if it began ordering
people about like that!'
By this time she had found her way into a tidy little room with
a table in the window, and on it (as she had hoped) a fan and two
or three pairs of tiny white kid gloves: she took up the fan and
a pair of the gloves, and was just going to leave the room, when
her eye fell upon a little bottle that stood near the looking-
glass. There was no label this time with the words `DRINK ME,'
but nevertheless she uncorked it and put it to her lips. `I know
SOMETHING interesting is sure to happen,' she said to herself,
`whenever I eat or drink anything; so I'll just see what this
bottle does. I do hope it'll make me grow large again, for
really I'm quite tired of being such a tiny little thing!'
It did so indeed, and much sooner than she had expected:
before she had drunk half the bottle, she found her head pressing
against the ceiling, and had to stoop to save her neck from being
broken. She hastily put down the bottle, saying to herself
`That's quite enough--I hope I shan't grow any more--As it is, I
can't get out at the door--I do wish I hadn't drunk quite so
Alas! it was too late to wish that! She went on growing, and
growing, and very soon had to kneel down on the floor: in
another minute there was not even room for this, and she tried
the effect of lying down with one elbow against the door, and the
other arm curled round her head. Still she went on growing, and,
as a last resource, she put one arm out of the window, and one
foot up the chimney, and said to herself `Now I can do no more,
whatever happens. What WILL become of me?'
Luckily for Alice, the little magic bottle had now had its full
effect, and she grew no larger: still it was very uncomfortable,
and, as there seemed to be no sort of chance of her ever getting
out of the room again, no wonder she felt unhappy.
`It was much pleasanter at home,' thought poor Alice, `when one
wasn't always growing larger and smaller, and being ordered about
by mice and rabbits. I almost wish I hadn't gone down that
rabbit-hole--and yet--and yet--it's rather curious, you know,
this sort of life! I do wonder what CAN have happened to me!
When I used to read fairy-tales, I fancied that kind of thing
never happened, and now here I am in the middle of one! There
ought to be a book written about me, that there ought! And when
I grow up, I'll write one--but I'm grown up now,' she added in a
sorrowful tone; `at least there's no room to grow up any more
`But then,' thought Alice, `shall I NEVER get any older than I
am now? That'll be a comfort, one way--never to be an old woman--
but then--always to have lessons to learn! Oh, I shouldn't like THAT!'
`Oh, you foolish Alice!' she answered herself. `How can you
learn lessons in here? Why, there's hardly room for YOU, and no
room at all for any lesson-books!'
And so she went on, taking first one side and then the other,
and making quite a conversation of it altogether; but after a few
minutes she heard a voice outside, and stopped to listen.
`Mary Ann! Mary Ann!' said the voice. `Fetch me my gloves
this moment!' Then came a little pattering of feet on the
stairs. Alice knew it was the Rabbit coming to look for her, and
she trembled till she shook the house, quite forgetting that she
was now about a thousand times as large as the Rabbit, and had no
reason to be afraid of it.
Presently the Rabbit came up to the door, and tried to open it;
but, as the door opened inwards, and Alice's elbow was pressed
hard against it, that attempt proved a failure. Alice heard it
say to itself `Then I'll go round and get in at the window.'
`THAT you won't' thought Alice, and, after waiting till she
fancied she heard the Rabbit just under the window, she suddenly
spread out her hand, and made a snatch in the air. She did not
get hold of anything, but she heard a little shriek and a fall,
and a crash of broken glass, from which she concluded that it was
just possible it had fallen into a cucumber-frame, or something
of the sort.
Next came an angry voice--the Rabbit's--`Pat! Pat! Where are
you?' And then a voice she had never heard before, `Sure then
I'm here! Digging for apples, yer honour!'
`Digging for apples, indeed!' said the Rabbit angrily. `Here!
Come and help me out of THIS!' (Sounds of more broken glass.)
`Now tell me, Pat, what's that in the window?'
`Sure, it's an arm, yer honour!' (He pronounced it `arrum.')
`An arm, you goose! Who ever saw one that size? Why, it
fills the whole window!'
`Sure, it does, yer honour: but it's an arm for all that.'
`Well, it's got no business there, at any rate: go and take it
There was a long silence after this, and Alice could only hear
whispers now and then; such as, `Sure, I don't like it, yer
honour, at all, at all!' `Do as I tell you, you coward!' and at
last she spread out her hand again, and made another snatch in
the air. This time there were TWO little shrieks, and more
sounds of broken glass. `What a number of cucumber-frames there
must be!' thought Alice. `I wonder what they'll do next! As for
pulling me out of the window, I only wish they COULD! I'm sure I
don't want to stay in here any longer!'
She waited for some time without hearing anything more: at
last came a rumbling of little cartwheels, and the sound of a
good many voices all talking together: she made out the words:
`Where's the other ladder?--Why, I hadn't to bring but one;
Bill's got the other--Bill! fetch it here, lad!--Here, put 'em up
at this corner--No, tie 'em together first--they don't reach half
high enough yet--Oh! they'll do well enough; don't be particular--
Here, Bill! catch hold of this rope--Will the roof bear?--Mind
that loose slate--Oh, it's coming down! Heads below!' (a loud
crash)--`Now, who did that?--It was Bill, I fancy--Who's to go
down the chimney?--Nay, I shan't! YOU do it!--That I won't,
then!--Bill's to go down--Here, Bill! the master says you're to
go down the chimney!'
`Oh! So Bill's got to come down the chimney, has he?' said
Alice to herself. `Shy, they seem to put everything upon Bill!
I wouldn't be in Bill's place for a good deal: this fireplace is
narrow, to be sure; but I THINK I can kick a little!'
She drew her foot as far down the chimney as she could, and
waited till she heard a little animal (she couldn't guess of what
sort it was) scratching and scrambling about in the chimney close
above her: then, saying to herself `This is Bill,' she gave one
sharp kick, and waited to see what would happen next.
The first thing she heard was a general chorus of `There goes
Bill!' then the Rabbit's voice along--`Catch him, you by the
hedge!' then silence, and then another confusion of voices--`Hold
up his head--Brandy now--Don't choke him--How was it, old fellow?
What happened to you? Tell us all about it!'
Last came a little feeble, squeaking voice, (`That's Bill,'
thought Alice,) `Well, I hardly know--No more, thank ye; I'm
better now--but I'm a deal too flustered to tell you--all I know
is, something comes at me like a Jack-in-the-box, and up I goes
like a sky-rocket!'
`So you did, old fellow!' said the others.
`We must burn the house down!' said the Rabbit's voice; and
Alice called out as loud as she could, `If you do. I'll set
Dinah at you!'
There was a dead silence instantly, and Alice thought to
herself, `I wonder what they WILL do next! If they had any
sense, they'd take the roof off.' After a minute or two, they
began moving about again, and Alice heard the Rabbit say, `A
barrowful will do, to begin with.'
`A barrowful of WHAT?' thought Alice; but she had not long to
doubt, for the next moment a shower of little pebbles came
rattling in at the window, and some of them hit her in the face.
`I'll put a stop to this,' she said to herself, and shouted out,
`You'd better not do that again!' which produced another dead
Alice noticed with some surprise that the pebbles were all
turning into little cakes as they lay on the floor, and a bright
idea came into her head. `If I eat one of these cakes,' she
thought, `it's sure to make SOME change in my size; and as it
can't possibly make me larger, it must make me smaller, I
So she swallowed one of the cakes, and was delighted to find
that she began shrinking directly. As soon as she was small
enough to get through the door, she ran out of the house, and
found quite a crowd of little animals and birds waiting outside.
The poor little Lizard, Bill, was in the middle, being held up by
two guinea-pigs, who were giving it something out of a bottle.
They all made a rush at Alice the moment she appeared; but she
ran off as hard as she could, and soon found herself safe in a
thick wood.
`The first thing I've got to do,' said Alice to herself, as she
wandered about in the wood, `is to grow to my right size again;
and the second thing is to find my way into that lovely garden.
I think that will be the best plan.'
It sounded an excellent plan, no doubt, and very neatly and
simply arranged; the only difficulty was, that she had not the
smallest idea how to set about it; and while she was peering
about anxiously among the trees, a little sharp bark just over
her head made her look up in a great hurry.
An enormous puppy was looking down at her with large round
eyes, and feebly stretching out one paw, trying to touch her.
`Poor little thing!' said Alice, in a coaxing tone, and she tried
hard to whistle to it; but she was terribly frightened all the
time at the thought that it might be hungry, in which case it
would be very likely to eat her up in spite of all her coaxing.
Hardly knowing what she did, she picked up a little bit of
stick, and held it out to the puppy; whereupon the puppy jumped
into the air off all its feet at once, with a yelp of delight,
and rushed at the stick, and made believe to worry it; then Alice
dodged behind a great thistle, to keep herself from being run
over; and the moment she appeared on the other side, the puppy
made another rush at the stick, and tumbled head over heels in
its hurry to get hold of it; then Alice, thinking it was very
like having a game of play with a cart-horse, and expecting every
moment to be trampled under its feet, ran round the thistle
again; then the puppy began a series of short charges at the
stick, running a very little way forwards each time and a long
way back, and barking hoarsely all the while, till at last it sat
down a good way off, panting, with its tongue hanging out of its
mouth, and its great eyes half shut.
This seemed to Alice a good opportunity for making her escape;
so she set off at once, and ran till she was quite tired and out
of breath, and till the puppy's bark sounded quite faint in the
`And yet what a dear little puppy it was!' said Alice, as she
leant against a buttercup to rest herself, and fanned herself
with one of the leaves: `I should have liked teaching it tricks
very much, if--if I'd only been the right size to do it! Oh
dear! I'd nearly forgotten that I've got to grow up again! Let
me see--how IS it to be managed? I suppose I ought to eat or
drink something or other; but the great question is, what?'
The great question certainly was, what? Alice looked all round
her at the flowers and the blades of grass, but she did not see
anything that looked like the right thing to eat or drink under
the circumstances. There was a large mushroom growing near her,
about the same height as herself; and when she had looked under
it, and on both sides of it, and behind it, it occurred to her
that she might as well look and see what was on the top of it.
She stretched herself up on tiptoe, and peeped over the edge of
the mushroom, and her eyes immediately met those of a large
caterpillar, that was sitting on the top with its arms folded,
quietly smoking a long hookah, and taking not the smallest notice
of her or of anything else.
Advice from a Caterpillar
The Caterpillar and Alice looked at each other for some time in
silence: at last the Caterpillar took the hookah out of its
mouth, and addressed her in a languid, sleepy voice.
`Who are YOU?' said the Caterpillar.
This was not an encouraging opening for a conversation. Alice
replied, rather shyly, `I--I hardly know, sir, just at present--
at least I know who I WAS when I got up this morning, but I think
I must have been changed several times since then.'
`What do you mean by that?' said the Caterpillar sternly.
`Explain yourself!'
`I can't explain MYSELF, I'm afraid, sir' said Alice, `because
I'm not myself, you see.'
`I don't see,' said the Caterpillar.
`I'm afraid I can't put it more clearly,' Alice replied very
politely, `for I can't understand it myself to begin with; and
being so many different sizes in a day is very confusing.'
`It isn't,' said the Caterpillar.
`Well, perhaps you haven't found it so yet,' said Alice; `but
when you have to turn into a chrysalis--you will some day, you
know--and then after that into a butterfly, I should think you'll
feel it a little queer, won't you?'
`Not a bit,' said the Caterpillar.
`Well, perhaps your feelings may be different,' said Alice;
`all I know is, it would feel very queer to ME.'
`You!' said the Caterpillar contemptuously. `Who are YOU?'
Which brought them back again to the beginning of the
conversation. Alice felt a little irritated at the Caterpillar's
making such VERY short remarks, and she drew herself up and said,
very gravely, `I think, you ought to tell me who YOU are, first.'
`Why?' said the Caterpillar.
Here was another puzzling question; and as Alice could not
think of any good reason, and as the Caterpillar seemed to be in
a VERY unpleasant state of mind, she turned away.
`Come back!' the Caterpillar called after her. `I've something
important to say!'
This sounded promising, certainly: Alice turned and came back
`Keep your temper,' said the Caterpillar.
`Is that all?' said Alice, swallowing down her anger as well as
she could.
`No,' said the Caterpillar.
Alice thought she might as well wait, as she had nothing else
to do, and perhaps after all it might tell her something worth
hearing. For some minutes it puffed away without speaking, but
at last it unfolded its arms, took the hookah out of its mouth
again, and said, `So you think you're changed, do you?'
`I'm afraid I am, sir,' said Alice; `I can't remember things as
I used--and I don't keep the same size for ten minutes together!'
`Can't remember WHAT things?' said the Caterpillar.
`Well, I've tried to say "HOW DOTH THE LITTLE BUSY BEE," but it
all came different!' Alice replied in a very melancholy voice.
`Repeat, "YOU ARE OLD, FATHER WILLIAM,"' said the Caterpillar.
Alice folded her hands, and began:--
`You are old, Father William,' the young man said,
`And your hair has become very white;
And yet you incessantly stand on your head--
Do you think, at your age, it is right?'
`In my youth,' Father William replied to his son,
`I feared it might injure the brain;
But, now that I'm perfectly sure I have none,
Why, I do it again and again.'
`You are old,' said the youth, `as I mentioned before,
And have grown most uncommonly fat;
Yet you turned a back-somersault in at the door--
Pray, what is the reason of that?'
`In my youth,' said the sage, as he shook his grey locks,
`I kept all my limbs very supple
By the use of this ointment--one shilling the box--
Allow me to sell you a couple?'
`You are old,' said the youth, `and your jaws are too weak
For anything tougher than suet;
Yet you finished the goose, with the bones and the beak--
Pray how did you manage to do it?'
`In my youth,' said his father, `I took to the law,
And argued each case with my wife;
And the muscular strength, which it gave to my jaw,
Has lasted the rest of my life.'
`You are old,' said the youth, `one would hardly suppose
That your eye was as steady as ever;
Yet you balanced an eel on the end of your nose--
What made you so awfully clever?'
`I have answered three questions, and that is enough,'
Said his father; `don't give yourself airs!
Do you think I can listen all day to such stuff?
Be off, or I'll kick you down stairs!'
`That is not said right,' said the Caterpillar.
`Not QUITE right, I'm afraid,' said Alice, timidly; `some of the
words have got altered.'
`It is wrong from beginning to end,' said the Caterpillar
decidedly, and there was silence for some minutes.
The Caterpillar was the first to speak.
`What size do you want to be?' it asked.
`Oh, I'm not particular as to size,' Alice hastily replied;
`only one doesn't like changing so often, you know.'
`I DON'T know,' said the Caterpillar.
Alice said nothing: she had never been so much contradicted in
her life before, and she felt that she was losing her temper.
`Are you content now?' said the Caterpillar.
`Well, I should like to be a LITTLE larger, sir, if you
wouldn't mind,' said Alice: `three inches is such a wretched
height to be.'
`It is a very good height indeed!' said the Caterpillar
angrily, rearing itself upright as it spoke (it was exactly three
inches high).
`But I'm not used to it!' pleaded poor Alice in a piteous tone.
And she thought of herself, `I wish the creatures wouldn't be so
easily offended!'
`You'll get used to it in time,' said the Caterpillar; and it
put the hookah into its mouth and began smoking again.
This time Alice waited patiently until it chose to speak again.
In a minute or two the Caterpillar took the hookah out of its
mouth and yawned once or twice, and shook itself. Then it got
down off the mushroom, and crawled away in the grass, merely
remarking as it went, `One side will make you grow taller, and
the other side will make you grow shorter.'
`One side of WHAT? The other side of WHAT?' thought Alice to
`Of the mushroom,' said the Caterpillar, just as if she had
asked it aloud; and in another moment it was out of sight.
Alice remained looking thoughtfully at the mushroom for a
minute, trying to make out which were the two sides of it; and as
it was perfectly round, she found this a very difficult question.
However, at last she stretched her arms round it as far as they
would go, and broke off a bit of the edge with each hand.
`And now which is which?' she said to herself, and nibbled a
little of the right-hand bit to try the effect: the next moment
she felt a violent blow underneath her chin: it had struck her
She was a good deal frightened by this very sudden change, but
she felt that there was no time to be lost, as she was shrinking
rapidly; so she set to work at once to eat some of the other bit.
Her chin was pressed so closely against her foot, that there was
hardly room to open her mouth; but she did it at last, and
managed to swallow a morsel of the lefthand bit.
`Come, my head's free at last!' said Alice in a tone of
delight, which changed into alarm in another moment, when she
found that her shoulders were nowhere to be found: all she could
see, when she looked down, was an immense length of neck, which
seemed to rise like a stalk out of a sea of green leaves that lay
far below her.
`What CAN all that green stuff be?' said Alice. `And where
HAVE my shoulders got to? And oh, my poor hands, how is it I
can't see you?' She was moving them about as she spoke, but no
result seemed to follow, except a little shaking among the
distant green leaves.
As there seemed to be no chance of getting her hands up to her
head, she tried to get her head down to them, and was delighted
to find that her neck would bend about easily in any direction,
like a serpent. She had just succeeded in curving it down into a
graceful zigzag, and was going to dive in among the leaves, which
she found to be nothing but the tops of the trees under which she
had been wandering, when a sharp hiss made her draw back in a
hurry: a large pigeon had flown into her face, and was beating
her violently with its wings.
`Serpent!' screamed the Pigeon.
`I'm NOT a serpent!' said Alice indignantly. `Let me alone!'
`Serpent, I say again!' repeated the Pigeon, but in a more
subdued tone, and added with a kind of sob, `I've tried every
way, and nothing seems to suit them!'
`I haven't the least idea what you're talking about,' said
`I've tried the roots of trees, and I've tried banks, and I've
tried hedges,' the Pigeon went on, without attending to her; `but
those serpents! There's no pleasing them!'
Alice was more and more puzzled, but she thought there was no
use in saying anything more till the Pigeon had finished.
`As if it wasn't trouble enough hatching the eggs,' said the
Pigeon; `but I must be on the look-out for serpents night and
day! Why, I haven't had a wink of sleep these three weeks!'
`I'm very sorry you've been annoyed,' said Alice, who was
beginning to see its meaning.
`And just as I'd taken the highest tree in the wood,' continued
the Pigeon, raising its voice to a shriek, `and just as I was
thinking I should be free of them at last, they must needs come
wriggling down from the sky! Ugh, Serpent!'
`But I'm NOT a serpent, I tell you!' said Alice. `I'm a--I'm
`Well! WHAT are you?' said the Pigeon. `I can see you're
trying to invent something!'
`I--I'm a little girl,' said Alice, rather doubtfully, as she
remembered the number of changes she had gone through that day.
`A likely story indeed!' said the Pigeon in a tone of the
deepest contempt. `I've seen a good many little girls in my
time, but never ONE with such a neck as that! No, no! You're a
serpent; and there's no use denying it. I suppose you'll be
telling me next that you never tasted an egg!'
`I HAVE tasted eggs, certainly,' said Alice, who was a very
truthful child; `but little girls eat eggs quite as much as
serpents do, you know.'
`I don't believe it,' said the Pigeon; `but if they do, why
then they're a kind of serpent, that's all I can say.'
This was such a new idea to Alice, that she was quite silent
for a minute or two, which gave the Pigeon the opportunity of
adding, `You're looking for eggs, I know THAT well enough; and
what does it matter to me whether you're a little girl or a
`It matters a good deal to ME,' said Alice hastily; `but I'm
not looking for eggs, as it happens; and if I was, I shouldn't
want YOURS: I don't like them raw.'
`Well, be off, then!' said the Pigeon in a sulky tone, as it
settled down again into its nest. Alice crouched down among the
trees as well as she could, for her neck kept getting entangled
among the branches, and every now and then she had to stop and
untwist it. After a while she remembered that she still held the
pieces of mushroom in her hands, and she set to work very
carefully, nibbling first at one and then at the other, and
growing sometimes taller and sometimes shorter, until she had
succeeded in bringing herself down to her usual height.
It was so long since she had been anything near the right size,
that it felt quite strange at first; but she got used to it in a
few minutes, and began talking to herself, as usual. `Come,
there's half my plan done now! How puzzling all these changes
are! I'm never sure what I'm going to be, from one minute to
another! However, I've got back to my right size: the next
thing is, to get into that beautiful garden--how IS that to be
done, I wonder?' As she said this, she came suddenly upon an
open place, with a little house in it about four feet high.
`Whoever lives there,' thought Alice, `it'll never do to come
upon them THIS size: why, I should frighten them out of their
wits!' So she began nibbling at the righthand bit again, and did
not venture to go near the house till she had brought herself
down to nine inches high.
Pig and Pepper
For a minute or two she stood looking at the house, and
wondering what to do next, when suddenly a footman in livery came
running out of the wood--(she considered him to be a footman
because he was in livery: otherwise, judging by his face only,
she would have called him a fish)--and rapped loudly at the door
with his knuckles. It was opened by another footman in livery,
with a round face, and large eyes like a frog; and both footmen,
Alice noticed, had powdered hair that curled all over their
heads. She felt very curious to know what it was all about, and
crept a little way out of the wood to listen.
The Fish-Footman began by producing from under his arm a great
letter, nearly as large as himself, and this he handed over to
the other, saying, in a solemn tone, `For the Duchess. An
invitation from the Queen to play croquet.' The Frog-Footman
repeated, in the same solemn tone, only changing the order of the
words a little, `From the Queen. An invitation for the Duchess
to play croquet.'
Then they both bowed low, and their curls got entangled
Alice laughed so much at this, that she had to run back into
the wood for fear of their hearing her; and when she next peeped
out the Fish-Footman was gone, and the other was sitting on the
ground near the door, staring stupidly up into the sky.
Alice went timidly up to the door, and knocked.
`There's no sort of use in knocking,' said the Footman, `and
that for two reasons. First, because I'm on the same side of the
door as you are; secondly, because they're making such a noise
inside, no one could possibly hear you.' And certainly there was
a most extraordinary noise going on within--a constant howling
and sneezing, and every now and then a great crash, as if a dish
or kettle had been broken to pieces.
`Please, then,' said Alice, `how am I to get in?'
`There might be some sense in your knocking,' the Footman went
on without attending to her, `if we had the door between us. For
instance, if you were INSIDE, you might knock, and I could let
you out, you know.' He was looking up into the sky all the time
he was speaking, and this Alice thought decidedly uncivil. `But
perhaps he can't help it,' she said to herself; `his eyes are so
VERY nearly at the top of his head. But at any rate he might
answer questions.--How am I to get in?' she repeated, aloud.
`I shall sit here,' the Footman remarked, `till tomorrow--'
At this moment the door of the house opened, and a large plate
came skimming out, straight at the Footman's head: it just
grazed his nose, and broke to pieces against one of the trees
behind him.
`--or next day, maybe,' the Footman continued in the same tone,
exactly as if nothing had happened.
`How am I to get in?' asked Alice again, in a louder tone.
`ARE you to get in at all?' said the Footman. `That's the
first question, you know.'
It was, no doubt: only Alice did not like to be told so.
`It's really dreadful,' she muttered to herself, `the way all the
creatures argue. It's enough to drive one crazy!'
The Footman seemed to think this a good opportunity for
repeating his remark, with variations. `I shall sit here,' he
said, `on and off, for days and days.'
`But what am I to do?' said Alice.
`Anything you like,' said the Footman, and began whistling.
`Oh, there's no use in talking to him,' said Alice desperately:
`he's perfectly idiotic!' And she opened the door and went in.
The door led right into a large kitchen, which was full of
smoke from one end to the other: the Duchess was sitting on a
three-legged stool in the middle, nursing a baby; the cook was
leaning over the fire, stirring a large cauldron which seemed to
be full of soup.
`There's certainly too much pepper in that soup!' Alice said to
herself, as well as she could for sneezing.
There was certainly too much of it in the air. Even the
Duchess sneezed occasionally; and as for the baby, it was
sneezing and howling alternately without a moment's pause. The
only things in the kitchen that did not sneeze, were the cook,
and a large cat which was sitting on the hearth and grinning from
ear to ear.
`Please would you tell me,' said Alice, a little timidly, for
she was not quite sure whether it was good manners for her to
speak first, `why your cat grins like that?'
`It's a Cheshire cat,' said the Duchess, `and that's why. Pig!'
She said the last word with such sudden violence that Alice
quite jumped; but she saw in another moment that it was addressed
to the baby, and not to her, so she took courage, and went on
`I didn't know that Cheshire cats always grinned; in fact, I
didn't know that cats COULD grin.'
`They all can,' said the Duchess; `and most of 'em do.'
`I don't know of any that do,' Alice said very politely,
feeling quite pleased to have got into a conversation.
`You don't know much,' said the Duchess; `and that's a fact.'
Alice did not at all like the tone of this remark, and thought
it would be as well to introduce some other subject of
conversation. While she was trying to fix on one, the cook took
the cauldron of soup off the fire, and at once set to work
throwing everything within her reach at the Duchess and the baby
--the fire-irons came first; then followed a shower of saucepans,
plates, and dishes. The Duchess took no notice of them even when
they hit her; and the baby was howling so much already, that it
was quite impossible to say whether the blows hurt it or not.
`Oh, PLEASE mind what you're doing!' cried Alice, jumping up
and down in an agony of terror. `Oh, there goes his PRECIOUS
nose'; as an unusually large saucepan flew close by it, and very
nearly carried it off.
`If everybody minded their own business,' the Duchess said in a
hoarse growl, `the world would go round a deal faster than it
`Which would NOT be an advantage,' said Alice, who felt very
glad to get an opportunity of showing off a little of her
knowledge. `Just think of what work it would make with the day
and night! You see the earth takes twenty-four hours to turn
round on its axis--'
`Talking of axes,' said the Duchess, `chop off her head!'
Alice glanced rather anxiously at the cook, to see if she meant
to take the hint; but the cook was busily stirring the soup, and
seemed not to be listening, so she went on again: `Twenty-four
hours, I THINK; or is it twelve? I--'
`Oh, don't bother ME,' said the Duchess; `I never could abide
figures!' And with that she began nursing her child again,
singing a sort of lullaby to it as she did so, and giving it a
violent shake at the end of every line:
`Speak roughly to your little boy,
And beat him when he sneezes:
He only does it to annoy,
Because he knows it teases.'
(In which the cook and the baby joined):--
`Wow! wow! wow!'
While the Duchess sang the second verse of the song, she kept
tossing the baby violently up and down, and the poor little thing
howled so, that Alice could hardly hear the words:--
`I speak severely to my boy,
I beat him when he sneezes;
For he can thoroughly enjoy
The pepper when he pleases!'
`Wow! wow! wow!'
`Here! you may nurse it a bit, if you like!' the Duchess said
to Alice, flinging the baby at her as she spoke. `I must go and
get ready to play croquet with the Queen,' and she hurried out of
the room. The cook threw a frying-pan after her as she went out,
but it just missed her.
Alice caught the baby with some difficulty, as it was a queer-
shaped little creature, and held out its arms and legs in all
directions, `just like a star-fish,' thought Alice. The poor
little thing was snorting like a steam-engine when she caught it,
and kept doubling itself up and straightening itself out again,
so that altogether, for the first minute or two, it was as much
as she could do to hold it.
As soon as she had made out the proper way of nursing it,
(which was to twist it up into a sort of knot, and then keep
tight hold of its right ear and left foot, so as to prevent its
undoing itself,) she carried it out into the open air. `IF I
don't take this child away with me,' thought Alice, `they're sure
to kill it in a day or two: wouldn't it be murder to leave it
behind?' She said the last words out loud, and the little thing
grunted in reply (it had left off sneezing by this time). `Don't
grunt,' said Alice; `that's not at all a proper way of expressing
The baby grunted again, and Alice looked very anxiously into
its face to see what was the matter with it. There could be no
doubt that it had a VERY turn-up nose, much more like a snout
than a real nose; also its eyes were getting extremely small for
a baby: altogether Alice did not like the look of the thing at
all. `But perhaps it was only sobbing,' she thought, and looked
into its eyes again, to see if there were any tears.
No, there were no tears. `If you're going to turn into a pig,
my dear,' said Alice, seriously, `I'll have nothing more to do
with you. Mind now!' The poor little thing sobbed again (or
grunted, it was impossible to say which), and they went on for
some while in silence.
Alice was just beginning to think to herself, `Now, what am I
to do with this creature when I get it home?' when it grunted
again, so violently, that she looked down into its face in some
alarm. This time there could be NO mistake about it: it was
neither more nor less than a pig, and she felt that it would be
quite absurd for her to carry it further.
So she set the little creature down, and felt quite relieved to
see it trot away quietly into the wood. `If it had grown up,'
she said to herself, `it would have made a dreadfully ugly child:
but it makes rather a handsome pig, I think.' And she began
thinking over other children she knew, who might do very well as
pigs, and was just saying to herself, `if one only knew the right
way to change them--' when she was a little startled by seeing
the Cheshire Cat sitting on a bough of a tree a few yards off.
The Cat only grinned when it saw Alice. It looked good-
natured, she thought: still it had VERY long claws and a great
many teeth, so she felt that it ought to be treated with respect.
`Cheshire Puss,' she began, rather timidly, as she did not at
all know whether it would like the name: however, it only
grinned a little wider. `Come, it's pleased so far,' thought
Alice, and she went on. `Would you tell me, please, which way I
ought to go from here?'
`That depends a good deal on where you want to get to,' said
the Cat.
`I don't much care where--' said Alice.
`Then it doesn't matter which way you go,' said the Cat.
`--so long as I get SOMEWHERE,' Alice added as an explanation.
`Oh, you're sure to do that,' said the Cat, `if you only walk
long enough.'
Alice felt that this could not be denied, so she tried another
question. `What sort of people live about here?'
`In THAT direction,' the Cat said, waving its right paw round,
`lives a Hatter: and in THAT direction,' waving the other paw,
`lives a March Hare. Visit either you like: they're both mad.'
`But I don't want to go among mad people,' Alice remarked.
`Oh, you can't help that,' said the Cat: `we're all mad here.
I'm mad. You're mad.'
`How do you know I'm mad?' said Alice.
`You must be,' said the Cat, `or you wouldn't have come here.'
Alice didn't think that proved it at all; however, she went on
`And how do you know that you're mad?'
`To begin with,' said the Cat, `a dog's not mad. You grant
`I suppose so,' said Alice.
`Well, then,' the Cat went on, `you see, a dog growls when it's
angry, and wags its tail when it's pleased. Now I growl when I'm
pleased, and wag my tail when I'm angry. Therefore I'm mad.'
`I call it purring, not growling,' said Alice.
`Call it what you like,' said the Cat. `Do you play croquet
with the Queen to-day?'
`I should like it very much,' said Alice, `but I haven't been
invited yet.'
`You'll see me there,' said the Cat, and vanished.
Alice was not much surprised at this, she was getting so used
to queer things happening. While she was looking at the place
where it had been, it suddenly appeared again.
`By-the-bye, what became of the baby?' said the Cat. `I'd
nearly forgotten to ask.'
`It turned into a pig,' Alice quietly said, just as if it had
come back in a natural way.
`I thought it would,' said the Cat, and vanished again.
Alice waited a little, half expecting to see it again, but it
did not appear, and after a minute or two she walked on in the
direction in which the March Hare was said to live. `I've seen
hatters before,' she said to herself; `the March Hare will be
much the most interesting, and perhaps as this is May it won't be
raving mad--at least not so mad as it was in March.' As she said
this, she looked up, and there was the Cat again, sitting on a
branch of a tree.
`Did you say pig, or fig?' said the Cat.
`I said pig,' replied Alice; `and I wish you wouldn't keep
appearing and vanishing so suddenly: you make one quite giddy.'
`All right,' said the Cat; and this time it vanished quite slowly,
beginning with the end of the tail, and ending with the grin,
which remained some time after the rest of it had gone.
`Well! I've often seen a cat without a grin,' thought Alice;
`but a grin without a cat! It's the most curious thing I ever
saw in my life!'
She had not gone much farther before she came in sight of the
house of the March Hare: she thought it must be the right house,
because the chimneys were shaped like ears and the roof was
thatched with fur. It was so large a house, that she did not
like to go nearer till she had nibbled some more of the lefthand
bit of mushroom, and raised herself to about two feet high: even
then she walked up towards it rather timidly, saying to herself
`Suppose it should be raving mad after all! I almost wish I'd
gone to see the Hatter instead!'
A Mad Tea-Party
There was a table set out under a tree in front of the house,
and the March Hare and the Hatter were having tea at it: a
Dormouse was sitting between them, fast asleep, and the other two
were using it as a cushion, resting their elbows on it, and talking
over its head. `Very uncomfortable for the Dormouse,' thought Alice;
`only, as it's asleep, I suppose it doesn't mind.'
The table was a large one, but the three were all crowded
together at one corner of it: `No room! No room!' they cried
out when they saw Alice coming. `There's PLENTY of room!' said
Alice indignantly, and she sat down in a large arm-chair at one
end of the table.
`Have some wine,' the March Hare said in an encouraging tone.
Alice looked all round the table, but there was nothing on it
but tea. `I don't see any wine,' she remarked.
`There isn't any,' said the March Hare.
`Then it wasn't very civil of you to offer it,' said Alice
`It wasn't very civil of you to sit down without being
invited,' said the March Hare.
`I didn't know it was YOUR table,' said Alice; `it's laid for a
great many more than three.'
`Your hair wants cutting,' said the Hatter. He had been
looking at Alice for some time with great curiosity, and this was
his first speech.
`You should learn not to make personal remarks,' Alice said
with some severity; `it's very rude.'
The Hatter opened his eyes very wide on hearing this; but all
he SAID was, `Why is a raven like a writing-desk?'
`Come, we shall have some fun now!' thought Alice. `I'm glad
they've begun asking riddles.--I believe I can guess that,' she
added aloud.
`Do you mean that you think you can find out the answer to it?'
said the March Hare.
`Exactly so,' said Alice.
`Then you should say what you mean,' the March Hare went on.
`I do,' Alice hastily replied; `at least--at least I mean what
I say--that's the same thing, you know.'
`Not the same thing a bit!' said the Hatter. `You might just
as well say that "I see what I eat" is the same thing as "I eat
what I see"!'
`You might just as well say,' added the March Hare, `that "I
like what I get" is the same thing as "I get what I like"!'
`You might just as well say,' added the Dormouse, who seemed to
be talking in his sleep, `that "I breathe when I sleep" is the
same thing as "I sleep when I breathe"!'
`It IS the same thing with you,' said the Hatter, and here the
conversation dropped, and the party sat silent for a minute,
while Alice thought over all she could remember about ravens and
writing-desks, which wasn't much.
The Hatter was the first to break the silence. `What day of
the month is it?' he said, turning to Alice: he had taken his
watch out of his pocket, and was looking at it uneasily, shaking
it every now and then, and holding it to his ear.
Alice considered a little, and then said `The fourth.'
`Two days wrong!' sighed the Hatter. `I told you butter
wouldn't suit the works!' he added looking angrily at the March
`It was the BEST butter,' the March Hare meekly replied.
`Yes, but some crumbs must have got in as well,' the Hatter
grumbled: `you shouldn't have put it in with the bread-knife.'
The March Hare took the watch and looked at it gloomily: then
he dipped it into his cup of tea, and looked at it again: but he
could think of nothing better to say than his first remark, `It
was the BEST butter, you know.'
Alice had been looking over his shoulder with some curiosity.
`What a funny watch!' she remarked. `It tells the day of the
month, and doesn't tell what o'clock it is!'
`Why should it?' muttered the Hatter. `Does YOUR watch tell
you what year it is?'
`Of course not,' Alice replied very readily: `but that's
because it stays the same year for such a long time together.'
`Which is just the case with MINE,' said the Hatter.
Alice felt dreadfully puzzled. The Hatter's remark seemed to
have no sort of meaning in it, and yet it was certainly English.
`I don't quite understand you,' she said, as politely as she
`The Dormouse is asleep again,' said the Hatter, and he poured
a little hot tea upon its nose.
The Dormouse shook its head impatiently, and said, without
opening its eyes, `Of course, of course; just what I was going to
remark myself.'
`Have you guessed the riddle yet?' the Hatter said, turning to
Alice again.
`No, I give it up,' Alice replied: `what's the answer?'
`I haven't the slightest idea,' said the Hatter.
`Nor I,' said the March Hare.
Alice sighed wearily. `I think you might do something better
with the time,' she said, `than waste it in asking riddles that
have no answers.'
`If you knew Time as well as I do,' said the Hatter, `you
wouldn't talk about wasting IT. It's HIM.'
`I don't know what you mean,' said Alice.
`Of course you don't!' the Hatter said, tossing his head
contemptuously. `I dare say you never even spoke to Time!'
`Perhaps not,' Alice cautiously replied: `but I know I have to
beat time when I learn music.'
`Ah! that accounts for it,' said the Hatter. `He won't stand
beating. Now, if you only kept on good terms with him, he'd do
almost anything you liked with the clock. For instance, suppose
it were nine o'clock in the morning, just time to begin lessons:
you'd only have to whisper a hint to Time, and round goes the
clock in a twinkling! Half-past one, time for dinner!'
(`I only wish it was,' the March Hare said to itself in a
`That would be grand, certainly,' said Alice thoughtfully:
`but then--I shouldn't be hungry for it, you know.'
`Not at first, perhaps,' said the Hatter: `but you could keep
it to half-past one as long as you liked.'
`Is that the way YOU manage?' Alice asked.
The Hatter shook his head mournfully. `Not I!' he replied.
`We quarrelled last March--just before HE went mad, you know--'
(pointing with his tea spoon at the March Hare,) `--it was at the
great concert given by the Queen of Hearts, and I had to sing
"Twinkle, twinkle, little bat!
How I wonder what you're at!"
You know the song, perhaps?'
`I've heard something like it,' said Alice.
`It goes on, you know,' the Hatter continued, `in this way:--
"Up above the world you fly,
Like a tea-tray in the sky.
Twinkle, twinkle--"'
Here the Dormouse shook itself, and began singing in its sleep
`Twinkle, twinkle, twinkle, twinkle--' and went on so long that
they had to pinch it to make it stop.
`Well, I'd hardly finished the first verse,' said the Hatter,
`when the Queen jumped up and bawled out, "He's murdering the
time! Off with his head!"'
`How dreadfully savage!' exclaimed Alice.
`And ever since that,' the Hatter went on in a mournful tone,
`he won't do a thing I ask! It's always six o'clock now.'
A bright idea came into Alice's head. `Is that the reason so
many tea-things are put out here?' she asked.
`Yes, that's it,' said the Hatter with a sigh: `it's always
tea-time, and we've no time to wash the things between whiles.'
`Then you keep moving round, I suppose?' said Alice.
`Exactly so,' said the Hatter: `as the things get used up.'
`But what happens when you come to the beginning again?' Alice
ventured to ask.
`Suppose we change the subject,' the March Hare interrupted,
yawning. `I'm getting tired of this. I vote the young lady
tells us a story.'
`I'm afraid I don't know one,' said Alice, rather alarmed at
the proposal.
`Then the Dormouse shall!' they both cried. `Wake up,
Dormouse!' And they pinched it on both sides at once.
The Dormouse slowly opened his eyes. `I wasn't asleep,' he
said in a hoarse, feeble voice: `I heard every word you fellows
were saying.'
`Tell us a story!' said the March Hare.
`Yes, please do!' pleaded Alice.
`And be quick about it,' added the Hatter, `or you'll be asleep
again before it's done.'
`Once upon a time there were three little sisters,' the
Dormouse began in a great hurry; `and their names were Elsie,
Lacie, and Tillie; and they lived at the bottom of a well--'
`What did they live on?' said Alice, who always took a great
interest in questions of eating and drinking.
`They lived on treacle,' said the Dormouse, after thinking a
minute or two.
`They couldn't have done that, you know,' Alice gently
remarked; `they'd have been ill.'
`So they were,' said the Dormouse; `VERY ill.'
Alice tried to fancy to herself what such an extraordinary ways
of living would be like, but it puzzled her too much, so she went
on: `But why did they live at the bottom of a well?'
`Take some more tea,' the March Hare said to Alice, very
`I've had nothing yet,' Alice replied in an offended tone, `so
I can't take more.'
`You mean you can't take LESS,' said the Hatter: `it's very
easy to take MORE than nothing.'
`Nobody asked YOUR opinion,' said Alice.
`Who's making personal remarks now?' the Hatter asked
Alice did not quite know what to say to this: so she helped
herself to some tea and bread-and-butter, and then turned to the
Dormouse, and repeated her question. `Why did they live at the
bottom of a well?'
The Dormouse again took a minute or two to think about it, and
then said, `It was a treacle-well.'
`There's no such thing!' Alice was beginning very angrily, but
the Hatter and the March Hare went `Sh! sh!' and the Dormouse
sulkily remarked, `If you can't be civil, you'd better finish the
story for yourself.'
`No, please go on!' Alice said very humbly; `I won't interrupt
again. I dare say there may be ONE.'
`One, indeed!' said the Dormouse indignantly. However, he
consented to go on. `And so these three little sisters--they
were learning to draw, you know--'
`What did they draw?' said Alice, quite forgetting her promise.
`Treacle,' said the Dormouse, without considering at all this
`I want a clean cup,' interrupted the Hatter: `let's all move
one place on.'
He moved on as he spoke, and the Dormouse followed him: the
March Hare moved into the Dormouse's place, and Alice rather
unwillingly took the place of the March Hare. The Hatter was the
only one who got any advantage from the change: and Alice was a
good deal worse off than before, as the March Hare had just upset
the milk-jug into his plate.
Alice did not wish to offend the Dormouse again, so she began
very cautiously: `But I don't understand. Where did they draw
the treacle from?'
`You can draw water out of a water-well,' said the Hatter; `so
I should think you could draw treacle out of a treacle-well--eh,
`But they were IN the well,' Alice said to the Dormouse, not
choosing to notice this last remark.
`Of course they were', said the Dormouse; `--well in.'
This answer so confused poor Alice, that she let the Dormouse
go on for some time without interrupting it.
`They were learning to draw,' the Dormouse went on, yawning and
rubbing its eyes, for it was getting very sleepy; `and they drew
all manner of things--everything that begins with an M--'
`Why with an M?' said Alice.
`Why not?' said the March Hare.
Alice was silent.
The Dormouse had closed its eyes by this time, and was going
off into a doze; but, on being pinched by the Hatter, it woke up
again with a little shriek, and went on: `--that begins with an
M, such as mouse-traps, and the moon, and memory, and muchness--
you know you say things are "much of a muchness"--did you ever
see such a thing as a drawing of a muchness?'
`Really, now you ask me,' said Alice, very much confused, `I
don't think--'
`Then you shouldn't talk,' said the Hatter.
This piece of rudeness was more than Alice could bear: she got
up in great disgust, and walked off; the Dormouse fell asleep
instantly, and neither of the others took the least notice of her
going, though she looked back once or twice, half hoping that
they would call after her: the last time she saw them, they were
trying to put the Dormouse into the teapot.
`At any rate I'll never go THERE again!' said Alice as she
picked her way through the wood. `It's the stupidest tea-party I
ever was at in all my life!'
Just as she said this, she noticed that one of the trees had a
door leading right into it. `That's very curious!' she thought.
`But everything's curious today. I think I may as well go in at once.'
And in she went.
Once more she found herself in the long hall, and close to the
little glass table. `Now, I'll manage better this time,'
she said to herself, and began by taking the little golden key,
and unlocking the door that led into the garden. Then she went
to work nibbling at the mushroom (she had kept a piece of it
in her pocket) till she was about a foot high: then she walked down
the little passage: and THEN--she found herself at last in the
beautiful garden, among the bright flower-beds and the cool fountains.
The Queen's Croquet-Ground
A large rose-tree stood near the entrance of the garden: the
roses growing on it were white, but there were three gardeners at
it, busily painting them red. Alice thought this a very curious
thing, and she went nearer to watch them, and just as she came up
to them she heard one of them say, `Look out now, Five! Don't go
splashing paint over me like that!'
`I couldn't help it,' said Five, in a sulky tone; `Seven jogged
my elbow.'
On which Seven looked up and said, `That's right, Five! Always
lay the blame on others!'
`YOU'D better not talk!' said Five. `I heard the Queen say only
yesterday you deserved to be beheaded!'
`What for?' said the one who had spoken first.
`That's none of YOUR business, Two!' said Seven.
`Yes, it IS his business!' said Five, `and I'll tell him--it
was for bringing the cook tulip-roots instead of onions.'
Seven flung down his brush, and had just begun `Well, of all
the unjust things--' when his eye chanced to fall upon Alice, as
she stood watching them, and he checked himself suddenly: the
others looked round also, and all of them bowed low.
`Would you tell me,' said Alice, a little timidly, `why you are
painting those roses?'
Five and Seven said nothing, but looked at Two. Two began in a
low voice, `Why the fact is, you see, Miss, this here ought to
have been a RED rose-tree, and we put a white one in by mistake;
and if the Queen was to find it out, we should all have our heads
cut off, you know. So you see, Miss, we're doing our best, afore
she comes, to--' At this moment Five, who had been anxiously
looking across the garden, called out `The Queen! The Queen!'
and the three gardeners instantly threw themselves flat upon
their faces. There was a sound of many footsteps, and Alice
looked round, eager to see the Queen.
First came ten soldiers carrying clubs; these were all shaped
like the three gardeners, oblong and flat, with their hands and
feet at the corners: next the ten courtiers; these were
ornamented all over with diamonds, and walked two and two, as the
soldiers did. After these came the royal children; there were
ten of them, and the little dears came jumping merrily along hand
in hand, in couples: they were all ornamented with hearts. Next
came the guests, mostly Kings and Queens, and among them Alice
recognised the White Rabbit: it was talking in a hurried nervous
manner, smiling at everything that was said, and went by without
noticing her. Then followed the Knave of Hearts, carrying the
King's crown on a crimson velvet cushion; and, last of all this
grand procession, came THE KING AND QUEEN OF HEARTS.
Alice was rather doubtful whether she ought not to lie down on
her face like the three gardeners, but she could not remember
ever having heard of such a rule at processions; `and besides,
what would be the use of a procession,' thought she, `if people
had all to lie down upon their faces, so that they couldn't see it?'
So she stood still where she was, and waited.
When the procession came opposite to Alice, they all stopped
and looked at her, and the Queen said severely `Who is this?'
She said it to the Knave of Hearts, who only bowed and smiled in reply.
`Idiot!' said the Queen, tossing her head impatiently; and,
turning to Alice, she went on, `What's your name, child?'
`My name is Alice, so please your Majesty,' said Alice very
politely; but she added, to herself, `Why, they're only a pack of
cards, after all. I needn't be afraid of them!'
`And who are THESE?' said the Queen, pointing to the three
gardeners who were lying round the rosetree; for, you see, as
they were lying on their faces, and the pattern on their backs
was the same as the rest of the pack, she could not tell whether
they were gardeners, or soldiers, or courtiers, or three of her
own children.
`How should I know?' said Alice, surprised at her own courage.
`It's no business of MINE.'
The Queen turned crimson with fury, and, after glaring at her
for a moment like a wild beast, screamed `Off with her head!
`Nonsense!' said Alice, very loudly and decidedly, and the
Queen was silent.
The King laid his hand upon her arm, and timidly said
`Consider, my dear: she is only a child!'
The Queen turned angrily away from him, and said to the Knave
`Turn them over!'
The Knave did so, very carefully, with one foot.
`Get up!' said the Queen, in a shrill, loud voice, and the
three gardeners instantly jumped up, and began bowing to the
King, the Queen, the royal children, and everybody else.
`Leave off that!' screamed the Queen. `You make me giddy.'
And then, turning to the rose-tree, she went on, `What HAVE you
been doing here?'
`May it please your Majesty,' said Two, in a very humble tone,
going down on one knee as he spoke, `we were trying--'
`I see!' said the Queen, who had meanwhile been examining the
roses. `Off with their heads!' and the procession moved on,
three of the soldiers remaining behind to execute the unfortunate
gardeners, who ran to Alice for protection.
`You shan't be beheaded!' said Alice, and she put them into a
large flower-pot that stood near. The three soldiers wandered
about for a minute or two, looking for them, and then quietly
marched off after the others.
`Are their heads off?' shouted the Queen.
`Their heads are gone, if it please your Majesty!' the soldiers
shouted in reply.
`That's right!' shouted the Queen. `Can you play croquet?'
The soldiers were silent, and looked at Alice, as the question
was evidently meant for her.
`Yes!' shouted Alice.
`Come on, then!' roared the Queen, and Alice joined the
procession, wondering very much what would happen next.
`It's--it's a very fine day!' said a timid voice at her side.
She was walking by the White Rabbit, who was peeping anxiously
into her face.
`Very,' said Alice: `--where's the Duchess?'
`Hush! Hush!' said the Rabbit in a low, hurried tone. He
looked anxiously over his shoulder as he spoke, and then raised
himself upon tiptoe, put his mouth close to her ear, and
whispered `She's under sentence of execution.'
`What for?' said Alice.
`Did you say "What a pity!"?' the Rabbit asked.
`No, I didn't,' said Alice: `I don't think it's at all a pity.
I said "What for?"'
`She boxed the Queen's ears--' the Rabbit began. Alice gave a
little scream of laughter. `Oh, hush!' the Rabbit whispered in a
frightened tone. `The Queen will hear you! You see, she came
rather late, and the Queen said--'
`Get to your places!' shouted the Queen in a voice of thunder,
and people began running about in all directions, tumbling up
against each other; however, they got settled down in a minute or
two, and the game began. Alice thought she had never seen such a
curious croquet-ground in her life; it was all ridges and
furrows; the balls were live hedgehogs, the mallets live
flamingoes, and the soldiers had to double themselves up and to
stand on their hands and feet, to make the arches.
The chief difficulty Alice found at first was in managing her
flamingo: she succeeded in getting its body tucked away,
comfortably enough, under her arm, with its legs hanging down,
but generally, just as she had got its neck nicely straightened
out, and was going to give the hedgehog a blow with its head, it
WOULD twist itself round and look up in her face, with such a
puzzled expression that she could not help bursting out laughing:
and when she had got its head down, and was going to begin again,
it was very provoking to find that the hedgehog had unrolled
itself, and was in the act of crawling away: besides all this,
there was generally a ridge or furrow in the way wherever she
wanted to send the hedgehog to, and, as the doubled-up soldiers
were always getting up and walking off to other parts of the
ground, Alice soon came to the conclusion that it was a very
difficult game indeed.
The players all played at once without waiting for turns,
quarrelling all the while, and fighting for the hedgehogs; and in
a very short time the Queen was in a furious passion, and went
stamping about, and shouting `Off with his head!' or `Off with
her head!' about once in a minute.
Alice began to feel very uneasy: to be sure, she had not as
yet had any dispute with the Queen, but she knew that it might
happen any minute, `and then,' thought she, `what would become of
me? They're dreadfully fond of beheading people here; the great
wonder is, that there's any one left alive!'
She was looking about for some way of escape, and wondering
whether she could get away without being seen, when she noticed a
curious appearance in the air: it puzzled her very much at
first, but, after watching it a minute or two, she made it out to
be a grin, and she said to herself `It's the Cheshire Cat: now I
shall have somebody to talk to.'
`How are you getting on?' said the Cat, as soon as there was
mouth enough for it to speak with.
Alice waited till the eyes appeared, and then nodded. `It's no
use speaking to it,' she thought, `till its ears have come, or at
least one of them.' In another minute the whole head appeared,
and then Alice put down her flamingo, and began an account of the
game, feeling very glad she had someone to listen to her. The
Cat seemed to think that there was enough of it now in sight, and
no more of it appeared.
`I don't think they play at all fairly,' Alice began, in rather
a complaining tone, `and they all quarrel so dreadfully one can't
hear oneself speak--and they don't seem to have any rules in
particular; at least, if there are, nobody attends to them--and
you've no idea how confusing it is all the things being alive;
for instance, there's the arch I've got to go through next
walking about at the other end of the ground--and I should have
croqueted the Queen's hedgehog just now, only it ran away when it
saw mine coming!'
`How do you like the Queen?' said the Cat in a low voice.
`Not at all,' said Alice: `she's so extremely--' Just then
she noticed that the Queen was close behind her, listening: so
she went on, `--likely to win, that it's hardly worth while
finishing the game.'
The Queen smiled and passed on.
`Who ARE you talking to?' said the King, going up to Alice, and
looking at the Cat's head with great curiosity.
`It's a friend of mine--a Cheshire Cat,' said Alice: `allow me
to introduce it.'
`I don't like the look of it at all,' said the King:
`however, it may kiss my hand if it likes.'
`I'd rather not,' the Cat remarked.
`Don't be impertinent,' said the King, `and don't look at me
like that!' He got behind Alice as he spoke.
`A cat may look at a king,' said Alice. `I've read that in
some book, but I don't remember where.'
`Well, it must be removed,' said the King very decidedly, and
he called the Queen, who was passing at the moment, `My dear! I
wish you would have this cat removed!'
The Queen had only one way of settling all difficulties, great
or small. `Off with his head!' she said, without even looking
`I'll fetch the executioner myself,' said the King eagerly, and
he hurried off.
Alice thought she might as well go back, and see how the game
was going on, as she heard the Queen's voice in the distance,
screaming with passion. She had already heard her sentence three
of the players to be executed for having missed their turns, and
she did not like the look of things at all, as the game was in
such confusion that she never knew whether it was her turn or
not. So she went in search of her hedgehog.
The hedgehog was engaged in a fight with another hedgehog,
which seemed to Alice an excellent opportunity for croqueting one
of them with the other: the only difficulty was, that her
flamingo was gone across to the other side of the garden, where
Alice could see it trying in a helpless sort of way to fly up
into a tree.
By the time she had caught the flamingo and brought it back,
the fight was over, and both the hedgehogs were out of sight:
`but it doesn't matter much,' thought Alice, `as all the arches
are gone from this side of the ground.' So she tucked it away
under her arm, that it might not escape again, and went back for
a little more conversation with her friend.
When she got back to the Cheshire Cat, she was surprised to
find quite a large crowd collected round it: there was a dispute
going on between the executioner, the King, and the Queen, who
were all talking at once, while all the rest were quite silent,
and looked very uncomfortable.
The moment Alice appeared, she was appealed to by all three to
settle the question, and they repeated their arguments to her,
though, as they all spoke at once, she found it very hard indeed
to make out exactly what they said.
The executioner's argument was, that you couldn't cut off a
head unless there was a body to cut it off from: that he had
never had to do such a thing before, and he wasn't going to begin
at HIS time of life.
The King's argument was, that anything that had a head could be
beheaded, and that you weren't to talk nonsense.
The Queen's argument was, that if something wasn't done about
it in less than no time she'd have everybody executed, all round.
(It was this last remark that had made the whole party look so
grave and anxious.)
Alice could think of nothing else to say but `It belongs to the
Duchess: you'd better ask HER about it.'
`She's in prison,' the Queen said to the executioner: `fetch
her here.' And the executioner went off like an arrow.
The Cat's head began fading away the moment he was gone, and,
by the time he had come back with the Dutchess, it had entirely
disappeared; so the King and the executioner ran wildly up and down
looking for it, while the rest of the party went back to the game.
The Mock Turtle's Story
`You can't think how glad I am to see you again, you dear old
thing!' said the Duchess, as she tucked her arm affectionately
into Alice's, and they walked off together.
Alice was very glad to find her in such a pleasant temper, and
thought to herself that perhaps it was only the pepper that had
made her so savage when they met in the kitchen.
`When I'M a Duchess,' she said to herself, (not in a very
hopeful tone though), `I won't have any pepper in my kitchen AT
ALL. Soup does very well without--Maybe it's always pepper that
makes people hot-tempered,' she went on, very much pleased at
having found out a new kind of rule, `and vinegar that makes them
sour--and camomile that makes them bitter--and--and barley-sugar
and such things that make children sweet-tempered. I only wish
people knew that: then they wouldn't be so stingy about it, you
She had quite forgotten the Duchess by this time, and was a
little startled when she heard her voice close to her ear.
`You're thinking about something, my dear, and that makes you
forget to talk. I can't tell you just now what the moral of that
is, but I shall remember it in a bit.'
`Perhaps it hasn't one,' Alice ventured to remark.
`Tut, tut, child!' said the Duchess. `Everything's got a
moral, if only you can find it.' And she squeezed herself up
closer to Alice's side as she spoke.
Alice did not much like keeping so close to her: first,
because the Duchess was VERY ugly; and secondly, because she was
exactly the right height to rest her chin upon Alice's shoulder,
and it was an uncomfortably sharp chin. However, she did not
like to be rude, so she bore it as well as she could.
`The game's going on rather better now,' she said, by way of
keeping up the conversation a little.
`'Tis so,' said the Duchess: `and the moral of that is--"Oh,
'tis love, 'tis love, that makes the world go round!"'
`Somebody said,' Alice whispered, `that it's done by everybody
minding their own business!'
`Ah, well! It means much the same thing,' said the Duchess,
digging her sharp little chin into Alice's shoulder as she added,
`and the moral of THAT is--"Take care of the sense, and the
sounds will take care of themselves."'
`How fond she is of finding morals in things!' Alice thought to
`I dare say you're wondering why I don't put my arm round your
waist,' the Duchess said after a pause: `the reason is, that I'm
doubtful about the temper of your flamingo. Shall I try the
`HE might bite,' Alice cautiously replied, not feeling at all
anxious to have the experiment tried.
`Very true,' said the Duchess: `flamingoes and mustard both
bite. And the moral of that is--"Birds of a feather flock
`Only mustard isn't a bird,' Alice remarked.
`Right, as usual,' said the Duchess: `what a clear way you
have of putting things!'
`It's a mineral, I THINK,' said Alice.
`Of course it is,' said the Duchess, who seemed ready to agree
to everything that Alice said; `there's a large mustard-mine near
here. And the moral of that is--"The more there is of mine, the
less there is of yours."'
`Oh, I know!' exclaimed Alice, who had not attended to this
last remark, `it's a vegetable. It doesn't look like one, but it
`I quite agree with you,' said the Duchess; `and the moral of
that is--"Be what you would seem to be"--or if you'd like it put
more simply--"Never imagine yourself not to be otherwise than
what it might appear to others that what you were or might have
been was not otherwise than what you had been would have appeared
to them to be otherwise."'
`I think I should understand that better,' Alice said very
politely, `if I had it written down: but I can't quite follow it
as you say it.'
`That's nothing to what I could say if I chose,' the Duchess
replied, in a pleased tone.
`Pray don't trouble yourself to say it any longer than that,'
said Alice.
`Oh, don't talk about trouble!' said the Duchess. `I make you
a present of everything I've said as yet.'
`A cheap sort of present!' thought Alice. `I'm glad they don't
give birthday presents like that!' But she did not venture to
say it out loud.
`Thinking again?' the Duchess asked, with another dig of her
sharp little chin.
`I've a right to think,' said Alice sharply, for she was
beginning to feel a little worried.
`Just about as much right,' said the Duchess, `as pigs have to fly;
and the m--'
But here, to Alice's great surprise, the Duchess's voice died
away, even in the middle of her favourite word `moral,' and the
arm that was linked into hers began to tremble. Alice looked up,
and there stood the Queen in front of them, with her arms folded,
frowning like a thunderstorm.
`A fine day, your Majesty!' the Duchess began in a low, weak
`Now, I give you fair warning,' shouted the Queen, stamping on
the ground as she spoke; `either you or your head must be off,
and that in about half no time! Take your choice!'
The Duchess took her choice, and was gone in a moment.
`Let's go on with the game,' the Queen said to Alice; and Alice
was too much frightened to say a word, but slowly followed her
back to the croquet-ground.
The other guests had taken advantage of the Queen's absence,
and were resting in the shade: however, the moment they saw her,
they hurried back to the game, the Queen merely remarking that a
moment's delay would cost them their lives.
All the time they were playing the Queen never left off
quarrelling with the other players, and shouting `Off with his
head!' or `Off with her head!' Those whom she sentenced were
taken into custody by the soldiers, who of course had to leave
off being arches to do this, so that by the end of half an hour
or so there were no arches left, and all the players, except the
King, the Queen, and Alice, were in custody and under sentence of
Then the Queen left off, quite out of breath, and said to
Alice, `Have you seen the Mock Turtle yet?'
`No,' said Alice. `I don't even know what a Mock Turtle is.'
`It's the thing Mock Turtle Soup is made from,' said the Queen.
`I never saw one, or heard of one,' said Alice.
`Come on, then,' said the Queen, `and he shall tell you his
As they walked off together, Alice heard the King say in a low
voice, to the company generally, `You are all pardoned.' `Come,
THAT'S a good thing!' she said to herself, for she had felt quite
unhappy at the number of executions the Queen had ordered.
They very soon came upon a Gryphon, lying fast asleep in the
sun. (IF you don't know what a Gryphon is, look at the picture.)
`Up, lazy thing!' said the Queen, `and take this young lady to
see the Mock Turtle, and to hear his history. I must go back and
see after some executions I have ordered'; and she walked off,
leaving Alice alone with the Gryphon. Alice did not quite like
the look of the creature, but on the whole she thought it would
be quite as safe to stay with it as to go after that savage
Queen: so she waited.
The Gryphon sat up and rubbed its eyes: then it watched the
Queen till she was out of sight: then it chuckled. `What fun!'
said the Gryphon, half to itself, half to Alice.
`What IS the fun?' said Alice.
`Why, SHE,' said the Gryphon. `It's all her fancy, that: they
never executes nobody, you know. Come on!'
`Everybody says "come on!" here,' thought Alice, as she went
slowly after it: `I never was so ordered about in all my life,
They had not gone far before they saw the Mock Turtle in the
distance, sitting sad and lonely on a little ledge of rock, and,
as they came nearer, Alice could hear him sighing as if his heart
would break. She pitied him deeply. `What is his sorrow?' she
asked the Gryphon, and the Gryphon answered, very nearly in the
same words as before, `It's all his fancy, that: he hasn't got
no sorrow, you know. Come on!'
So they went up to the Mock Turtle, who looked at them with
large eyes full of tears, but said nothing.
`This here young lady,' said the Gryphon, `she wants for to
know your history, she do.'
`I'll tell it her,' said the Mock Turtle in a deep, hollow
tone: `sit down, both of you, and don't speak a word till I've
So they sat down, and nobody spoke for some minutes. Alice
thought to herself, `I don't see how he can EVEN finish, if he
doesn't begin.' But she waited patiently.
`Once,' said the Mock Turtle at last, with a deep sigh, `I was
a real Turtle.'
These words were followed by a very long silence, broken only
by an occasional exclamation of `Hjckrrh!' from the Gryphon, and
the constant heavy sobbing of the Mock Turtle. Alice was very
nearly getting up and saying, `Thank you, sir, for your
interesting story,' but she could not help thinking there MUST be
more to come, so she sat still and said nothing.
`When we were little,' the Mock Turtle went on at last, more
calmly, though still sobbing a little now and then, `we went to
school in the sea. The master was an old Turtle--we used to call
him Tortoise--'
`Why did you call him Tortoise, if he wasn't one?' Alice asked.
`We called him Tortoise because he taught us,' said the Mock
Turtle angrily: `really you are very dull!'
`You ought to be ashamed of yourself for asking such a simple
question,' added the Gryphon; and then they both sat silent and
looked at poor Alice, who felt ready to sink into the earth. At
last the Gryphon said to the Mock Turtle, `Drive on, old fellow!
Don't be all day about it!' and he went on in these words:
`Yes, we went to school in the sea, though you mayn't believe
`I never said I didn't!' interrupted Alice.
`You did,' said the Mock Turtle.
`Hold your tongue!' added the Gryphon, before Alice could speak
again. The Mock Turtle went on.
`We had the best of educations--in fact, we went to school
every day--'
`I'VE been to a day-school, too,' said Alice; `you needn't be
so proud as all that.'
`With extras?' asked the Mock Turtle a little anxiously.
`Yes,' said Alice, `we learned French and music.'
`And washing?' said the Mock Turtle.
`Certainly not!' said Alice indignantly.
`Ah! then yours wasn't a really good school,' said the Mock
Turtle in a tone of great relief. `Now at OURS they had at the
end of the bill, "French, music, AND WASHING--extra."'
`You couldn't have wanted it much,' said Alice; `living at the
bottom of the sea.'
`I couldn't afford to learn it.' said the Mock Turtle with a
sigh. `I only took the regular course.'
`What was that?' inquired Alice.
`Reeling and Writhing, of course, to begin with,' the Mock
Turtle replied; `and then the different branches of Arithmetic--
Ambition, Distraction, Uglification, and Derision.'
`I never heard of "Uglification,"' Alice ventured to say. `What is it?'
The Gryphon lifted up both its paws in surprise. `What! Never
heard of uglifying!' it exclaimed. `You know what to beautify is,
I suppose?'
`Yes,' said Alice doubtfully: `it means--to--make--anything--prettier.'
`Well, then,' the Gryphon went on, `if you don't know what to
uglify is, you ARE a simpleton.'
Alice did not feel encouraged to ask any more questions about
it, so she turned to the Mock Turtle, and said `What else had you
to learn?'
`Well, there was Mystery,' the Mock Turtle replied, counting
off the subjects on his flappers, `--Mystery, ancient and modern,
with Seaography: then Drawling--the Drawling-master was an old
conger-eel, that used to come once a week: HE taught us
Drawling, Stretching, and Fainting in Coils.'
`What was THAT like?' said Alice.
`Well, I can't show it you myself,' the Mock Turtle said: `I'm
too stiff. And the Gryphon never learnt it.'
`Hadn't time,' said the Gryphon: `I went to the Classics
master, though. He was an old crab, HE was.'
`I never went to him,' the Mock Turtle said with a sigh: `he
taught Laughing and Grief, they used to say.'
`So he did, so he did,' said the Gryphon, sighing in his turn;
and both creatures hid their faces in their paws.
`And how many hours a day did you do lessons?' said Alice, in a
hurry to change the subject.
`Ten hours the first day,' said the Mock Turtle: `nine the
next, and so on.'
`What a curious plan!' exclaimed Alice.
`That's the reason they're called lessons,' the Gryphon
remarked: `because they lessen from day to day.'
This was quite a new idea to Alice, and she thought it over a
little before she made her next remark. `Then the eleventh day
must have been a holiday?'
`Of course it was,' said the Mock Turtle.
`And how did you manage on the twelfth?' Alice went on eagerly.
`That's enough about lessons,' the Gryphon interrupted in a
very decided tone: `tell her something about the games now.'
The Lobster Quadrille
The Mock Turtle sighed deeply, and drew the back of one flapper
across his eyes. He looked at Alice, and tried to speak, but for
a minute or two sobs choked his voice. `Same as if he had a bone
in his throat,' said the Gryphon: and it set to work shaking him
and punching him in the back. At last the Mock Turtle recovered
his voice, and, with tears running down his cheeks, he went on
`You may not have lived much under the sea--' (`I haven't,' said Alice)--
`and perhaps you were never even introduced to a lobster--'
(Alice began to say `I once tasted--' but checked herself hastily,
and said `No, never') `--so you can have no idea what a delightful
thing a Lobster Quadrille is!'
`No, indeed,' said Alice. `What sort of a dance is it?'
`Why,' said the Gryphon, `you first form into a line along the sea-shore--'
`Two lines!' cried the Mock Turtle. `Seals, turtles, salmon, and so on;
then, when you've cleared all the jelly-fish out of the way--'
`THAT generally takes some time,' interrupted the Gryphon.
`--you advance twice--'
`Each with a lobster as a partner!' cried the Gryphon.
`Of course,' the Mock Turtle said: `advance twice, set to
`--change lobsters, and retire in same order,' continued the
`Then, you know,' the Mock Turtle went on, `you throw the--'
`The lobsters!' shouted the Gryphon, with a bound into the air.
`--as far out to sea as you can--'
`Swim after them!' screamed the Gryphon.
`Turn a somersault in the sea!' cried the Mock Turtle,
capering wildly about.
`Change lobster's again!' yelled the Gryphon at the top of its voice.
`Back to land again, and that's all the first figure,' said the
Mock Turtle, suddenly dropping his voice; and the two creatures,
who had been jumping about like mad things all this time, sat
down again very sadly and quietly, and looked at Alice.
`It must be a very pretty dance,' said Alice timidly.
`Would you like to see a little of it?' said the Mock Turtle.
`Very much indeed,' said Alice.
`Come, let's try the first figure!' said the Mock Turtle to the
Gryphon. `We can do without lobsters, you know. Which shall
`Oh, YOU sing,' said the Gryphon. `I've forgotten the words.'
So they began solemnly dancing round and round Alice, every now
and then treading on her toes when they passed too close, and
waving their forepaws to mark the time, while the Mock Turtle
sang this, very slowly and sadly:--
`"Will you walk a little faster?" said a whiting to a snail.
"There's a porpoise close behind us, and he's treading on my
See how eagerly the lobsters and the turtles all advance!
They are waiting on the shingle--will you come and join the
Will you, won't you, will you, won't you, will you join the
Will you, won't you, will you, won't you, won't you join the
"You can really have no notion how delightful it will be
When they take us up and throw us, with the lobsters, out to
But the snail replied "Too far, too far!" and gave a look
Said he thanked the whiting kindly, but he would not join the
Would not, could not, would not, could not, would not join
the dance.
Would not, could not, would not, could not, could not join
the dance.
`"What matters it how far we go?" his scaly friend replied.
"There is another shore, you know, upon the other side.
The further off from England the nearer is to France--
Then turn not pale, beloved snail, but come and join the dance.
Will you, won't you, will you, won't you, will you join the
Will you, won't you, will you, won't you, won't you join the
`Thank you, it's a very interesting dance to watch,' said
Alice, feeling very glad that it was over at last: `and I do so
like that curious song about the whiting!'
`Oh, as to the whiting,' said the Mock Turtle, `they--you've
seen them, of course?'
`Yes,' said Alice, `I've often seen them at dinn--' she
checked herself hastily.
`I don't know where Dinn may be,' said the Mock Turtle, `but
if you've seen them so often, of course you know what they're
`I believe so,' Alice replied thoughtfully. `They have their
tails in their mouths--and they're all over crumbs.'
`You're wrong about the crumbs,' said the Mock Turtle:
`crumbs would all wash off in the sea. But they HAVE their tails
in their mouths; and the reason is--' here the Mock Turtle
yawned and shut his eyes.--`Tell her about the reason and all
that,' he said to the Gryphon.
`The reason is,' said the Gryphon, `that they WOULD go with
the lobsters to the dance. So they got thrown out to sea. So
they had to fall a long way. So they got their tails fast in
their mouths. So they couldn't get them out again. That's all.'
`Thank you,' said Alice, `it's very interesting. I never knew
so much about a whiting before.'
`I can tell you more than that, if you like,' said the
Gryphon. `Do you know why it's called a whiting?'
`I never thought about it,' said Alice. `Why?'
`IT DOES THE BOOTS AND SHOES.' the Gryphon replied very
Alice was thoroughly puzzled. `Does the boots and shoes!' she
repeated in a wondering tone.
`Why, what are YOUR shoes done with?' said the Gryphon. `I
mean, what makes them so shiny?'
Alice looked down at them, and considered a little before she
gave her answer. `They're done with blacking, I believe.'
`Boots and shoes under the sea,' the Gryphon went on in a deep
voice, `are done with a whiting. Now you know.'
`And what are they made of?' Alice asked in a tone of great
`Soles and eels, of course,' the Gryphon replied rather
impatiently: `any shrimp could have told you that.'
`If I'd been the whiting,' said Alice, whose thoughts were
still running on the song, `I'd have said to the porpoise, "Keep
back, please: we don't want YOU with us!"'
`They were obliged to have him with them,' the Mock Turtle
said: `no wise fish would go anywhere without a porpoise.'
`Wouldn't it really?' said Alice in a tone of great surprise.
`Of course not,' said the Mock Turtle: `why, if a fish came
to ME, and told me he was going a journey, I should say "With
what porpoise?"'
`Don't you mean "purpose"?' said Alice.
`I mean what I say,' the Mock Turtle replied in an offended
tone. And the Gryphon added `Come, let's hear some of YOUR
`I could tell you my adventures--beginning from this morning,'
said Alice a little timidly: `but it's no use going back to
yesterday, because I was a different person then.'
`Explain all that,' said the Mock Turtle.
`No, no! The adventures first,' said the Gryphon in an
impatient tone: `explanations take such a dreadful time.'
So Alice began telling them her adventures from the time when
she first saw the White Rabbit. She was a little nervous about
it just at first, the two creatures got so close to her, one on
each side, and opened their eyes and mouths so VERY wide, but she
gained courage as she went on. Her listeners were perfectly
quiet till she got to the part about her repeating `YOU ARE OLD,
FATHER WILLIAM,' to the Caterpillar, and the words all coming
different, and then the Mock Turtle drew a long breath, and said
`That's very curious.'
`It's all about as curious as it can be,' said the Gryphon.
`It all came different!' the Mock Turtle repeated
thoughtfully. `I should like to hear her try and repeat
something now. Tell her to begin.' He looked at the Gryphon as
if he thought it had some kind of authority over Alice.
`Stand up and repeat "'TIS THE VOICE OF THE SLUGGARD,"' said
the Gryphon.
`How the creatures order one about, and make one repeat
lessons!' thought Alice; `I might as well be at school at once.'
However, she got up, and began to repeat it, but her head was so
full of the Lobster Quadrille, that she hardly knew what she was
saying, and the words came very queer indeed:--
`'Tis the voice of the Lobster; I heard him declare,
"You have baked me too brown, I must sugar my hair."
As a duck with its eyelids, so he with his nose
Trims his belt and his buttons, and turns out his toes.'
[later editions continued as follows
When the sands are all dry, he is gay as a lark,
And will talk in contemptuous tones of the Shark,
But, when the tide rises and sharks are around,
His voice has a timid and tremulous sound.]
`That's different from what I used to say when I was a child,'
said the Gryphon.
`Well, I never heard it before,' said the Mock Turtle; `but it
sounds uncommon nonsense.'
Alice said nothing; she had sat down with her face in her
hands, wondering if anything would EVER happen in a natural way
`I should like to have it explained,' said the Mock Turtle.
`She can't explain it,' said the Gryphon hastily. `Go on with
the next verse.'
`But about his toes?' the Mock Turtle persisted. `How COULD
he turn them out with his nose, you know?'
`It's the first position in dancing.' Alice said; but was
dreadfully puzzled by the whole thing, and longed to change the
`Go on with the next verse,' the Gryphon repeated impatiently:
`it begins "I passed by his garden."'
Alice did not dare to disobey, though she felt sure it would
all come wrong, and she went on in a trembling voice:--
`I passed by his garden, and marked, with one eye,
How the Owl and the Panther were sharing a pie--'
[later editions continued as follows
The Panther took pie-crust, and gravy, and meat,
While the Owl had the dish as its share of the treat.
When the pie was all finished, the Owl, as a boon,
Was kindly permitted to pocket the spoon:
While the Panther received knife and fork with a growl,
And concluded the banquet--]
`What IS the use of repeating all that stuff,' the Mock Turtle
interrupted, `if you don't explain it as you go on? It's by far
the most confusing thing I ever heard!'
`Yes, I think you'd better leave off,' said the Gryphon: and
Alice was only too glad to do so.
`Shall we try another figure of the Lobster Quadrille?' the
Gryphon went on. `Or would you like the Mock Turtle to sing you
`Oh, a song, please, if the Mock Turtle would be so kind,'
Alice replied, so eagerly that the Gryphon said, in a rather
offended tone, `Hm! No accounting for tastes! Sing her
"Turtle Soup," will you, old fellow?'
The Mock Turtle sighed deeply, and began, in a voice sometimes
choked with sobs, to sing this:--
`Beautiful Soup, so rich and green,
Waiting in a hot tureen!
Who for such dainties would not stoop?
Soup of the evening, beautiful Soup!
Soup of the evening, beautiful Soup!
Beau--ootiful Soo--oop!
Beau--ootiful Soo--oop!
Soo--oop of the e--e--evening,
Beautiful, beautiful Soup!
`Beautiful Soup! Who cares for fish,
Game, or any other dish?
Who would not give all else for two p
ennyworth only of beautiful Soup?
Pennyworth only of beautiful Soup?
Beau--ootiful Soo--oop!
Beau--ootiful Soo--oop!
Soo--oop of the e--e--evening,
Beautiful, beauti--FUL SOUP!'
`Chorus again!' cried the Gryphon, and the Mock Turtle had
just begun to repeat it, when a cry of `The trial's beginning!'
was heard in the distance.
`Come on!' cried the Gryphon, and, taking Alice by the hand,
it hurried off, without waiting for the end of the song.
`What trial is it?' Alice panted as she ran; but the Gryphon
only answered `Come on!' and ran the faster, while more and more
faintly came, carried on the breeze that followed them, the
melancholy words:--
`Soo--oop of the e--e--evening,
Beautiful, beautiful Soup!'
Who Stole the Tarts?
The King and Queen of Hearts were seated on their throne when
they arrived, with a great crowd assembled about them--all sorts
of little birds and beasts, as well as the whole pack of cards:
the Knave was standing before them, in chains, with a soldier on
each side to guard him; and near the King was the White Rabbit,
with a trumpet in one hand, and a scroll of parchment in the
other. In the very middle of the court was a table, with a large
dish of tarts upon it: they looked so good, that it made Alice
quite hungry to look at them--`I wish they'd get the trial done,'
she thought, `and hand round the refreshments!' But there seemed
to be no chance of this, so she began looking at everything about
her, to pass away the time.
Alice had never been in a court of justice before, but she had
read about them in books, and she was quite pleased to find that
she knew the name of nearly everything there. `That's the
judge,' she said to herself, `because of his great wig.'
The judge, by the way, was the King; and as he wore his crown
over the wig, (look at the frontispiece if you want to see how he
did it,) he did not look at all comfortable, and it was certainly
not becoming.
`And that's the jury-box,' thought Alice, `and those twelve
creatures,' (she was obliged to say `creatures,' you see, because
some of them were animals, and some were birds,) `I suppose they
are the jurors.' She said this last word two or three times over
to herself, being rather proud of it: for she thought, and
rightly too, that very few little girls of her age knew the
meaning of it at all. However, `jury-men' would have done just
as well.
The twelve jurors were all writing very busily on slates.
`What are they doing?' Alice whispered to the Gryphon. `They
can't have anything to put down yet, before the trial's begun.'
`They're putting down their names,' the Gryphon whispered in
reply, `for fear they should forget them before the end of the
`Stupid things!' Alice began in a loud, indignant voice, but
she stopped hastily, for the White Rabbit cried out, `Silence in
the court!' and the King put on his spectacles and looked
anxiously round, to make out who was talking.
Alice could see, as well as if she were looking over their
shoulders, that all the jurors were writing down `stupid things!'
on their slates, and she could even make out that one of them
didn't know how to spell `stupid,' and that he had to ask his
neighbour to tell him. `A nice muddle their slates'll be in
before the trial's over!' thought Alice.
One of the jurors had a pencil that squeaked. This of course,
Alice could not stand, and she went round the court and got
behind him, and very soon found an opportunity of taking it
away. She did it so quickly that the poor little juror (it was
Bill, the Lizard) could not make out at all what had become of
it; so, after hunting all about for it, he was obliged to write
with one finger for the rest of the day; and this was of very
little use, as it left no mark on the slate.
`Herald, read the accusation!' said the King.
On this the White Rabbit blew three blasts on the trumpet, and
then unrolled the parchment scroll, and read as follows:--
`The Queen of Hearts, she made some tarts,
All on a summer day:
The Knave of Hearts, he stole those tarts,
And took them quite away!'
`Consider your verdict,' the King said to the jury.
`Not yet, not yet!' the Rabbit hastily interrupted. `There's
a great deal to come before that!'
`Call the first witness,' said the King; and the White Rabbit
blew three blasts on the trumpet, and called out, `First
The first witness was the Hatter. He came in with a teacup in
one hand and a piece of bread-and-butter in the other. `I beg
pardon, your Majesty,' he began, `for bringing these in: but I
hadn't quite finished my tea when I was sent for.'
`You ought to have finished,' said the King. `When did you
The Hatter looked at the March Hare, who had followed him into
the court, arm-in-arm with the Dormouse. `Fourteenth of March, I
think it was,' he said.
`Fifteenth,' said the March Hare.
`Sixteenth,' added the Dormouse.
`Write that down,' the King said to the jury, and the jury
eagerly wrote down all three dates on their slates, and then
added them up, and reduced the answer to shillings and pence.
`Take off your hat,' the King said to the Hatter.
`It isn't mine,' said the Hatter.
`Stolen!' the King exclaimed, turning to the jury, who
instantly made a memorandum of the fact.
`I keep them to sell,' the Hatter added as an explanation;
`I've none of my own. I'm a hatter.'
Here the Queen put on her spectacles, and began staring at the
Hatter, who turned pale and fidgeted.
`Give your evidence,' said the King; `and don't be nervous, or
I'll have you executed on the spot.'
This did not seem to encourage the witness at all: he kept
shifting from one foot to the other, looking uneasily at the
Queen, and in his confusion he bit a large piece out of his
teacup instead of the bread-and-butter.
Just at this moment Alice felt a very curious sensation, which
puzzled her a good deal until she made out what it was: she was
beginning to grow larger again, and she thought at first she
would get up and leave the court; but on second thoughts she
decided to remain where she was as long as there was room for
`I wish you wouldn't squeeze so.' said the Dormouse, who was
sitting next to her. `I can hardly breathe.'
`I can't help it,' said Alice very meekly: `I'm growing.'
`You've no right to grow here,' said the Dormouse.
`Don't talk nonsense,' said Alice more boldly: `you know
you're growing too.'
`Yes, but I grow at a reasonable pace,' said the Dormouse:
`not in that ridiculous fashion.' And he got up very sulkily
and crossed over to the other side of the court.
All this time the Queen had never left off staring at the
Hatter, and, just as the Dormouse crossed the court, she said to
one of the officers of the court, `Bring me the list of the
singers in the last concert!' on which the wretched Hatter
trembled so, that he shook both his shoes off.
`Give your evidence,' the King repeated angrily, `or I'll have
you executed, whether you're nervous or not.'
`I'm a poor man, your Majesty,' the Hatter began, in a
trembling voice, `--and I hadn't begun my tea--not above a week
or so--and what with the bread-and-butter getting so thin--and
the twinkling of the tea--'
`The twinkling of the what?' said the King.
`It began with the tea,' the Hatter replied.
`Of course twinkling begins with a T!' said the King sharply.
`Do you take me for a dunce? Go on!'
`I'm a poor man,' the Hatter went on, `and most things
twinkled after that--only the March Hare said--'
`I didn't!' the March Hare interrupted in a great hurry.
`You did!' said the Hatter.
`I deny it!' said the March Hare.
`He denies it,' said the King: `leave out that part.'
`Well, at any rate, the Dormouse said--' the Hatter went on,
looking anxiously round to see if he would deny it too: but the
Dormouse denied nothing, being fast asleep.
`After that,' continued the Hatter, `I cut some more bread-
`But what did the Dormouse say?' one of the jury asked.
`That I can't remember,' said the Hatter.
`You MUST remember,' remarked the King, `or I'll have you
The miserable Hatter dropped his teacup and bread-and-butter,
and went down on one knee. `I'm a poor man, your Majesty,' he
`You're a very poor speaker,' said the King.
Here one of the guinea-pigs cheered, and was immediately
suppressed by the officers of the court. (As that is rather a
hard word, I will just explain to you how it was done. They had
a large canvas bag, which tied up at the mouth with strings:
into this they slipped the guinea-pig, head first, and then sat
upon it.)
`I'm glad I've seen that done,' thought Alice. `I've so often
read in the newspapers, at the end of trials, "There was some
attempts at applause, which was immediately suppressed by the
officers of the court," and I never understood what it meant
till now.'
`If that's all you know about it, you may stand down,'
continued the King.
`I can't go no lower,' said the Hatter: `I'm on the floor, as
`Then you may SIT down,' the King replied.
Here the other guinea-pig cheered, and was suppressed.
`Come, that finished the guinea-pigs!' thought Alice. `Now we
shall get on better.'
`I'd rather finish my tea,' said the Hatter, with an anxious
look at the Queen, who was reading the list of singers.
`You may go,' said the King, and the Hatter hurriedly left the
court, without even waiting to put his shoes on.
`--and just take his head off outside,' the Queen added to one
of the officers: but the Hatter was out of sight before the
officer could get to the door.
`Call the next witness!' said the King.
The next witness was the Duchess's cook. She carried the
pepper-box in her hand, and Alice guessed who it was, even before
she got into the court, by the way the people near the door began
sneezing all at once.
`Give your evidence,' said the King.
`Shan't,' said the cook.
The King looked anxiously at the White Rabbit, who said in a
low voice, `Your Majesty must cross-examine THIS witness.'
`Well, if I must, I must,' the King said, with a melancholy
air, and, after folding his arms and frowning at the cook till
his eyes were nearly out of sight, he said in a deep voice, `What
are tarts made of?'
`Pepper, mostly,' said the cook.
`Treacle,' said a sleepy voice behind her.
`Collar that Dormouse,' the Queen shrieked out. `Behead that
Dormouse! Turn that Dormouse out of court! Suppress him! Pinch
him! Off with his whiskers!'
For some minutes the whole court was in confusion, getting the
Dormouse turned out, and, by the time they had settled down
again, the cook had disappeared.
`Never mind!' said the King, with an air of great relief.
`Call the next witness.' And he added in an undertone to the
Queen, `Really, my dear, YOU must cross-examine the next witness.
It quite makes my forehead ache!'
Alice watched the White Rabbit as he fumbled over the list,
feeling very curious to see what the next witness would be like,
`--for they haven't got much evidence YET,' she said to herself.
Imagine her surprise, when the White Rabbit read out, at the top
of his shrill little voice, the name `Alice!'
Alice's Evidence
`Here!' cried Alice, quite forgetting in the flurry of the
moment how large she had grown in the last few minutes, and she
jumped up in such a hurry that she tipped over the jury-box with
the edge of her skirt, upsetting all the jurymen on to the heads
of the crowd below, and there they lay sprawling about, reminding
her very much of a globe of goldfish she had accidentally upset
the week before.
`Oh, I BEG your pardon!' she exclaimed in a tone of great
dismay, and began picking them up again as quickly as she could,
for the accident of the goldfish kept running in her head, and
she had a vague sort of idea that they must be collected at once
and put back into the jury-box, or they would die.
`The trial cannot proceed,' said the King in a very grave
voice, `until all the jurymen are back in their proper places--
ALL,' he repeated with great emphasis, looking hard at Alice as
he said do.
Alice looked at the jury-box, and saw that, in her haste, she
had put the Lizard in head downwards, and the poor little thing
was waving its tail about in a melancholy way, being quite unable
to move. She soon got it out again, and put it right; `not that
it signifies much,' she said to herself; `I should think it
would be QUITE as much use in the trial one way up as the other.'
As soon as the jury had a little recovered from the shock of
being upset, and their slates and pencils had been found and
handed back to them, they set to work very diligently to write
out a history of the accident, all except the Lizard, who seemed
too much overcome to do anything but sit with its mouth open,
gazing up into the roof of the court.
`What do you know about this business?' the King said to
`Nothing,' said Alice.
`Nothing WHATEVER?' persisted the King.
`Nothing whatever,' said Alice.
`That's very important,' the King said, turning to the jury.
They were just beginning to write this down on their slates, when
the White Rabbit interrupted: `UNimportant, your Majesty means,
of course,' he said in a very respectful tone, but frowning and
making faces at him as he spoke.
`UNimportant, of course, I meant,' the King hastily said, and
went on to himself in an undertone, `important--unimportant--
unimportant--important--' as if he were trying which word
sounded best.
Some of the jury wrote it down `important,' and some
`unimportant.' Alice could see this, as she was near enough to
look over their slates; `but it doesn't matter a bit,' she
thought to herself.
At this moment the King, who had been for some time busily
writing in his note-book, cackled out `Silence!' and read out
from his book, `Rule Forty-two. ALL PERSONS MORE THAN A MILE
Everybody looked at Alice.
`I'M not a mile high,' said Alice.
`You are,' said the King.
`Nearly two miles high,' added the Queen.
`Well, I shan't go, at any rate,' said Alice: `besides,
that's not a regular rule: you invented it just now.'
`It's the oldest rule in the book,' said the King.
`Then it ought to be Number One,' said Alice.
The King turned pale, and shut his note-book hastily.
`Consider your verdict,' he said to the jury, in a low, trembling
`There's more evidence to come yet, please your Majesty,' said
the White Rabbit, jumping up in a great hurry; `this paper has
just been picked up.'
`What's in it?' said the Queen.
`I haven't opened it yet,' said the White Rabbit, `but it seems
to be a letter, written by the prisoner to--to somebody.'
`It must have been that,' said the King, `unless it was
written to nobody, which isn't usual, you know.'
`Who is it directed to?' said one of the jurymen.
`It isn't directed at all,' said the White Rabbit; `in fact,
there's nothing written on the OUTSIDE.' He unfolded the paper
as he spoke, and added `It isn't a letter, after all: it's a set
of verses.'
`Are they in the prisoner's handwriting?' asked another of
they jurymen.
`No, they're not,' said the White Rabbit, `and that's the
queerest thing about it.' (The jury all looked puzzled.)
`He must have imitated somebody else's hand,' said the King.
(The jury all brightened up again.)
`Please your Majesty,' said the Knave, `I didn't write it, and
they can't prove I did: there's no name signed at the end.'
`If you didn't sign it,' said the King, `that only makes the
matter worse. You MUST have meant some mischief, or else you'd
have signed your name like an honest man.'
There was a general clapping of hands at this: it was the
first really clever thing the King had said that day.
`That PROVES his guilt,' said the Queen.
`It proves nothing of the sort!' said Alice. `Why, you don't
even know what they're about!'
`Read them,' said the King.
The White Rabbit put on his spectacles. `Where shall I begin,
please your Majesty?' he asked.
`Begin at the beginning,' the King said gravely, `and go on
till you come to the end: then stop.'
These were the verses the White Rabbit read:--
`They told me you had been to her,
And mentioned me to him:
She gave me a good character,
But said I could not swim.
He sent them word I had not gone
(We know it to be true):
If she should push the matter on,
What would become of you?
I gave her one, they gave him two,
You gave us three or more;
They all returned from him to you,
Though they were mine before.
If I or she should chance to be
Involved in this affair,
He trusts to you to set them free,
Exactly as we were.
My notion was that you had been
(Before she had this fit)
An obstacle that came between
Him, and ourselves, and it.
Don't let him know she liked them best,
For this must ever be
A secret, kept from all the rest,
Between yourself and me.'
`That's the most important piece of evidence we've heard yet,'
said the King, rubbing his hands; `so now let the jury--'
`If any one of them can explain it,' said Alice, (she had
grown so large in the last few minutes that she wasn't a bit
afraid of interrupting him,) `I'll give him sixpence. _I_ don't
believe there's an atom of meaning in it.'
The jury all wrote down on their slates, `SHE doesn't believe
there's an atom of meaning in it,' but none of them attempted to
explain the paper.
`If there's no meaning in it,' said the King, `that saves a
world of trouble, you know, as we needn't try to find any. And
yet I don't know,' he went on, spreading out the verses on his
knee, and looking at them with one eye; `I seem to see some
meaning in them, after all. "--SAID I COULD NOT SWIM--" you
can't swim, can you?' he added, turning to the Knave.
The Knave shook his head sadly. `Do I look like it?' he said.
(Which he certainly did NOT, being made entirely of cardboard.)
`All right, so far,' said the King, and he went on muttering
over the verses to himself: `"WE KNOW IT TO BE TRUE--" that's
the jury, of course-- "I GAVE HER ONE, THEY GAVE HIM TWO--" why,
that must be what he did with the tarts, you know--'
`But, it goes on "THEY ALL RETURNED FROM HIM TO YOU,"' said
`Why, there they are!' said the King triumphantly, pointing to
the tarts on the table. `Nothing can be clearer than THAT.
Then again--"BEFORE SHE HAD THIS FIT--" you never had fits, my
dear, I think?' he said to the Queen.
`Never!' said the Queen furiously, throwing an inkstand at the
Lizard as she spoke. (The unfortunate little Bill had left off
writing on his slate with one finger, as he found it made no
mark; but he now hastily began again, using the ink, that was
trickling down his face, as long as it lasted.)
`Then the words don't FIT you,' said the King, looking round
the court with a smile. There was a dead silence.
`It's a pun!' the King added in an offended tone, and
everybody laughed, `Let the jury consider their verdict,' the
King said, for about the twentieth time that day.
`No, no!' said the Queen. `Sentence first--verdict afterwards.'
`Stuff and nonsense!' said Alice loudly. `The idea of having
the sentence first!'
`Hold your tongue!' said the Queen, turning purple.
`I won't!' said Alice.
`Off with her head!' the Queen shouted at the top of her voice.
Nobody moved.
`Who cares for you?' said Alice, (she had grown to her full
size by this time.) `You're nothing but a pack of cards!'
At this the whole pack rose up into the air, and came flying
down upon her: she gave a little scream, half of fright and half
of anger, and tried to beat them off, and found herself lying on
the bank, with her head in the lap of her sister, who was gently
brushing away some dead leaves that had fluttered down from the
trees upon her face.
`Wake up, Alice dear!' said her sister; `Why, what a long
sleep you've had!'
`Oh, I've had such a curious dream!' said Alice, and she told
her sister, as well as she could remember them, all these strange
Adventures of hers that you have just been reading about; and
when she had finished, her sister kissed her, and said, `It WAS a
curious dream, dear, certainly: but now run in to your tea; it's
getting late.' So Alice got up and ran off, thinking while she
ran, as well she might, what a wonderful dream it had been.
But her sister sat still just as she left her, leaning her
head on her hand, watching the setting sun, and thinking of
little Alice and all her wonderful Adventures, till she too began
dreaming after a fashion, and this was her dream:--
First, she dreamed of little Alice herself, and once again the
tiny hands were clasped upon her knee, and the bright eager eyes
were looking up into hers--she could hear the very tones of her
voice, and see that queer little toss of her head to keep back
the wandering hair that WOULD always get into her eyes--and
still as she listened, or seemed to listen, the whole place
around her became alive the strange creatures of her little
sister's dream.
The long grass rustled at her feet as the White Rabbit hurried
by--the frightened Mouse splashed his way through the
neighbouring pool--she could hear the rattle of the teacups as
the March Hare and his friends shared their never-ending meal,
and the shrill voice of the Queen ordering off her unfortunate
guests to execution--once more the pig-baby was sneezing on the
Duchess's knee, while plates and dishes crashed around it--once
more the shriek of the Gryphon, the squeaking of the Lizard's
slate-pencil, and the choking of the suppressed guinea-pigs,
filled the air, mixed up with the distant sobs of the miserable
Mock Turtle.
So she sat on, with closed eyes, and half believed herself in
Wonderland, though she knew she had but to open them again, and
all would change to dull reality--the grass would be only
rustling in the wind, and the pool rippling to the waving of the
reeds--the rattling teacups would change to tinkling sheep-
bells, and the Queen's shrill cries to the voice of the shepherd
boy--and the sneeze of the baby, the shriek of the Gryphon, and
all thy other queer noises, would change (she knew) to the
confused clamour of the busy farm-yard--while the lowing of the
cattle in the distance would take the place of the Mock Turtle's
heavy sobs.
Lastly, she pictured to herself how this same little sister of
hers would, in the after-time, be herself a grown woman; and how
she would keep, through all her riper years, the simple and
loving heart of her childhood: and how she would gather about
her other little children, and make THEIR eyes bright and eager
with many a strange tale, perhaps even with the dream of
Wonderland of long ago: and how she would feel with all their
simple sorrows, and find a pleasure in all their simple joys,
remembering her own child-life, and the happy summer days.
ANTS V3.3 Ant grabs letters to spell
words. (Talks)- ANTS is graphic program where
an ant drags letters to spell words. If word
is not spelled before time runs out, a
gigantic tennis shoe comes crashing down. If
word is spelled, Ant City is built. Rqs VGA
512K. Supports Sound. CSVOC.ZIP contains

* The Art of Attention *
Ven Pannyavaro
Among the variety of techniques and methods available in Buddhist meditation
the art of attention is the practice that allows direct access to the Dhamma.
It is the common thread underpinning all schools of Buddhist practice: maha-
mudra in the Tibetan tradition,zazen in Zen Buddhist and vipassana in Theravada.
Its ubiquitousness is illustrated in this Zen story: A monk once asked his
teacher, "What is the fundamental teaching in Buddhism?" the master replied
"Attention". The student dissatisfied with the answer said,"I didn't ask about
attention, but was inquiring about the fundamental teaching in Buddhism". The
teacher responded, "Attention, Attention, Attention". So,it can be appreciated
that the essence of the Buddha-Dhamma is encapsulated in the word - attention!
How to do it. What is the practice. Vague advice to an aspiring meditator,
such as "be mindful", "be attentive" while offered with good intention is
unlikely to be effective. It is like the rulers in Aldous Huxley's utopian
novel "Island" who trained myanah birds to repeat "attention" in the hope of
training the island inhabitants to be attentive - it just didn't work. When we
recognise the fact that we tend to function mostly in an unfocussed,inattentive
way that results in a rather superficial experience of life then we will see
the need to train the errant attention in a firm and systematic way. This would
mean taking instruction and guidance from a competent teacher and perhaps find
-ing a support group and conditions to help integrate the practice.
While meditation has many therapeutic effects, its deeper levels are only to
be accessed through the meditative art of attention. Meditative attention has
the ability to uncover, or lay bare, things as they really are. It is this
'primary' attention that sees through the 'content' mind to the underlying
processes. In laying bare the reality of psycho-physical phenomena, meditative
attention reveals the salient characteristics without interfering with them.
The art of this 'bare' attention is to simply register the predominant object
in your experience when it arises without preference. That is,just registering
or noting the changing phenomenon without reaction - be it sensation, sound,
thought or a mind-state. However,if there is a reaction during the observation,
as is natural for the untrained mind, then that too must be noted. This way of
seeing has the potential to uncover the true nature of the phenomenon observed
and therefore a non-reactive, unconditioned awareness is acquired that brings
'inseeing' or insights knowledge.
* An Orientation to the Six Sense Doors:
Being attentive is not a practise that is confined to a crossed-legged sitting
posture. Meditative attention is a dynamic practise of paying close
attention to what you are doing in whatever posture or situation you happen
to be in. The way to orientate yourself in this practice is to literally
'come to your senses'. That is, a strategy of being fully aware of all your
activities through a conscious orientation to the five senses and the 'sixth
sense' - the mind. The Six Sense Doors is the name for the five physical
senses: eye, ear, nose, tongue and body and the sixth sense (which is a
collective term for the five kind of consciousness: eye-consciousness, ear
-consciousness, etc). So, the practice is to be consciously attentive at the
predominant door or sense base. For example, being on guard at the eye-door
allows you to notice the effects of the contact between the eye and the
visible objects and how you are relating to them. This orientation to any
sense door brings awareness of what is happening during any sense impression
and with it the ability to monitor the associated feelings and consciousness
that arise.
* The Technique of Mental Noting:
A useful device to support meditative attention is naming or labelling the
various objects during the observation of your own body and mind. Used
judiciously, it is a very useful tool to assist in focusing and sustaining the
attention. The noting is done by repeatedly making a mental note of whatever
arises in your body/mind experience. For example, 'hearing'. 'hearing',
'thinking', 'thinking', 'touching', 'touching', etc. This is a powerful aid
to help establish bare attention, especially at the beginning of the practice,
when it is vital to systematically note or label as much as possible to
establish the attention. Otherwise, you are likely to get lost in unnoticed
wanderings with long periods of inattention. Having succeeded, even partially,
in sustaining the attention, then the mental noting can be dropped, especially
if the noting has become mechanical or is so clumsy that it is interfering
with the subtle attention. Having acquired the ability to monitor your
experience with just bare attention, you will need to return to the mental
noting only when the attention weakens,is lost or requires to be re-established.
The noting practise can be combined with the orientation to the Six Sense Doors
by the naming of the physical and mental objects as they arise. It needs to be
pointed out here that you must not analyse or interfere with what is being
observed - just label.
* The Four Spheres of Attention:
The four spheres of attention are frames of reference used to support the
practice. They are based on the Buddha's instruction in the Satipatthana Sutta
and are used as guidelines or frames of reference to support you in directing
your attention as you investigate the experiences in your own body and mind:
1. Awareness of the Body:
Directed to apprehending the primary elements of the body (earth, air, fire
and water) ie, hardness, softness, temperature, fluidity and movement within
the body and/or awareness of the various body posture, movements and
actions in daily activities.
2. Awareness of the Feelings or Sensations:
Noting the feeling quality as either pleasant, unpleasant or neutral while
being careful to differentiate the primary feeling from the emotional story.
3. Awareness of the Consciousness and Mind-States:
The consciousness is the 'knowing' of anything - for example, a physical
sensation and the knowing of it. Also particular attention is paid to the mind-
states, for example - happiness, sadness, agitation, and seeing their arising
and passing away.
4. Awareness of the Mental Content:
This is not analysing or classifying mental events, but using the attention
to passively register the things of the mind: thoughts, ideas, concepts, as a
witness without commentary.
* Three Aspects of Practice to Integrate:
(a) Sitting Meditation - where the focus is primarily on the elements of the
body, although switching to the other spheres of attention as they arise.
(b) Walking Meditation - where the stepping of the foot in walking is noted
in detail and the attention is focus on the movement as the primary object.
(c) Daily Activities - during which the meditator pays attention to and labels
all body movements and actions as continually as possible.
Linking these three aspects of practice together will create an unbroken
thread of awareness throughout the day, either generally, or as the practice
becomes fluent, a precise and detailed noting of every action and movement.
* Instruction for Sitting Meditation:
Settle into any comfortable, upright balanced position. Then on the basis of
working from the gross to the subtle, ie from the body to the mind, feel the
touch sensations of hardness or softness from the body's contact (earth
element). This will help to anchor the attention to the body, especially when
assisted by the mental label of 'touching'. Then tune into the natural rise
and fall movement of the lower abdomen, making a mental note or label of
'rising', 'rising' concurrent with the upward movement,and 'falling','falling'
with the downward movement. Having established on the movement of the abdomen
as a base be wary of clinging to it. If any secondary object arises, such as
thinking, sensations or mind-states they too must be noted until they disappear.
Then if nothing else takes your attention return to noting the rise and fall
movement of the abdomen as your primary object, but always be prepared to
attend to the secondary objects when they arise. It is important to be alert
to the specific characteristics of the various elements under observation.
For example, the series of sensations from the abdomen movement (wind element)
or the specific characteristics found in pain such as heat, throbbing, etc
(fire element). The traditional sitting posture gives the right environmental
conditions and allows for an intense focus for a microscopic apprehension of
the body's elements and the subtle mind events.
* Technique in Walking Meditation:
Establish your attentiveness by first noting the standing posture and the
touch sensation of the feet at the start of the walking track ( you will need
to find a level surface from five to ten metres on which you walk back and
forth). Then as you walk keep the attention on the sole of the foot - not on
the leg or any other part of the body- with the eyes focused on the ground
about two metres ahead. Then note each step part by part building up the
noting to its six component parts: 'raising', 'lifting', 'pushing', 'dropping',
'touching' and 'pressing'. Try to do a minimum walking period of half an hour
and build it up to a full hour. Strategically it is better to do a walking
period before a sitting session as it brings balance into the practice. If you
can alternate the walking and sitting sessions without any major breaks it
develops a continuity of awareness that naturally carries through into the
awareness of daily activities.
* Awareness of Daily Activities:
For awareness to deepen, continuity, which gives momentum to the practice,
must be maintained for at least a few hours in the day. Continuity arises
through careful and precise attention to movements, actions, feelings and mind-
states, whatever is prominent, for as long as possible during the routine of
the day. Nothing can be dismissed as unimportant when noting daily activities:
domestic chores, eating, cleaning your teeth. Any and every movement and
activity is repeatedly noted in order to establish the habit so that it becomes
your second nature, as it were, to note in the daily routine. Of course, this
is not easy to establish and so requires patience and perseverance - especially
in being kind to yourself when you feel frustrated by constant forgetfulness!
It is helpful to reinforce your efforts in being attentive in daily life by
reviewing or taking stock of your daily notings - but without making judgements
- and recording your practice in a meditation diary.
* Awareness of Feelings:
The Buddha said, "all things converge in feelings". Awareness of feelings is
the pivotal factor in meditation. The root of a lot of the difficulties in
meditation is caused by the un-noticed or unacknowledged reaction to unpleasant
feelings. We spend most of our lives in unceasing effort to increase pleasant
feelings and to avoid unpleasant feelings. If we do not acknowledge feelings
they linger and so we become stuck in some state - positive or negative. Yet
feeling by itself,in its primary state,is quite neutral when it just registers
the impact of an object as pleasant, unpleasant or indifferent.Only when there
are emotional additions, such as when the personal story is involved,will there
arise fear, hatred and anxiety. Feelings and emotions are separable, because
many of the weaker impressions we receive during the day, stop at the mere
registering of faint and brief feelings. This shows that the stopping at the
bare or primary feeling is psychologically possible. In awareness of feelings
it is important to register the feeling without ego-reference, such as "I have
pleasant feeling or I have pain". When bare attention is directed to the rising
and vanishing of feelings the polluting additions are inhibited from further
elaboration. If feelings can be seen in their bubble-like nature their linkage
to grasping will be weakened and finally broken.
* Keeping the Balance:
An image often used to describe the practice of meditative attention is that
of walking a tightrope. To succeed in this art you must necessarily pay
attention to your balance. In meditation, this applies especially to how
you are relating to things - your attitude. The untrained mind is constantly
reaching out to pull at desirable objects or pushing away unpleasant objects.
The habit of 'pushing and pulling' is the cause of much distress and imbalance.
So keeping your balance is developing a mind that does not cling or reject,
like or dislike and is without attachment or condemnation.
* Five Ways to Maintain Your Balance:
Witnessing your experience: by noting impartially whatever you are experiencing
while you are experiencing it.
Letting go: rather than seeking gratification of wishes and desires there
needs to be at least some degree of non-clinging, ie giving up, to create the
space to see.
Removal of the Censor: an attitude of acceptance of all thoughts, feelings,
emotions and sensations into awareness without discrimination.
An Attitude of Neutrality: being impeccable in a neutral registering of
physical and mental events without posturing or positioning yourself to them.
Staying Receptive: being alert, sensitive and intimate with what is observed
from a place of relaxed receptivity.
* This Moment!
The above instructions would produce marvellous results even if only a tiny
fraction of it was carried out. We are grateful to the Buddha for these
teachings, but it is by actually implementing the teaching in eating the
admired fruit, that you receive the benefit. While it is certainly not easy,
yet it is not complicated,and there is nothing much else you really need to
know in order to put into practise the basic instructions you have just read. Start
now, by paying attention to what is happening in your body and mind at this
moment! Delaying in the hope of finding better instructions or expecting ideal
conditions to somehow manifest before you can practise is just prolonging the
ordeal. The work in the present, so the blessing is of the present.
About the Writer:
Venerable Pannyavaro is a 52 year old Australian Buddhist meditation monk in
the Theravadin tradition. His lineage is through Venerable Sayadaw U Janaka
of Chanmyay Meditation Centre, Rangoon, who in turn was the foremost disciple
of the late renowned meditation master,the late Venerable Mahasi Sayadaw.
Ven Pannyavaro received full ordination at Wat Borvornivet, under the Sangha
Raja of Thailand, Somdet Phra Nyanasamvarva. For the past twenty years, Ven
Pannyavaro has from time to time studied and practiced meditation in most of
the major Theravada Buddhist countries, including long periods of intensive
practise of Satipatthana-vipassana meditation at the Mahasi Sayadaw centres
in Burma.
As a Western vipassana meditation teacher, Ven Pannyavaro naturally emphathi-
ses with the concerns and need of Western meditators. His long training and
and life experience combine to bring a practical, in-depth approach to the
teaching of vipassana meditation in Australia.
BuddhaNet BBS -
The Buddhist Bulletin Board
Buddha Dhamma Meditation Association Inc.
P.O. Box K1020 Haymarket NSW Australia 2000

Educational game for cultural literacy -
Two levels of play. At Novice level, the
game is suitable for sixth grade and up. At
Advanced level, the game will challenge
adults! Topics include proverbs, idioms,
grammar, literature, music, art, history,
geography, world religions, science, math...
Education - History/Geography/Science
ANIMATED WORDS v3.0 - a spelling program
for children from pre-school through first
grade. The child is helped to match the
word with it's picture. When the word is
correctly matched, pieces are added to a
puzzle; after five correct words the puzzle
becomes animated. The program is enchanced
with digitized speech. EGA and Hard Drive
required. PC Speaker or SoundBlaster and 100%
compatibles for speech. Keyboard or mouse.

Children's animal coloring writing program.-
Easy enjoyable coloring program, especially
useful for introducing young children to
computers. Designed by educators to be used
with minimal help from adults. Animals are
placed on backgrounds, then colored.
Optional Sound Blaster voice.
Games - Other
Children's animal coloring writing program.-
Easy enjoyable coloring program, especially
useful for introducing young children to
computers. Designed by educators to be used
with minimal help from adults. Animals are
placed on backgrounds, then colored.
Optional Sound Blaster voice.
Games - Other
Children's Christmas coloring writing prog.-
Easy enjoyable coloring program, especially
useful for introducing young children to
computers. Designed by educators to be used
with minimal help from adults. Figures are
placed on backgrounds, then colored.
Optional Sound Blaster voice.
Games - Other
Children's Christmas coloring writing prog.-
Easy enjoyable coloring program, especially
useful for introducing young children to
computers. Designed by educators to be used
with minimal help from adults. Figures are
placed on backgrounds, then colored.
Optional Sound Blaster voice.
Games - Other
Children's dinosaur coloring writing prog.-
Easy enjoyable coloring program, especially
useful for introducing young children to
computers. Designed by educators to be used
with minimal help from adults. Dinosaurs are
placed on backgrounds, then colored.
Optional Sound Blaster voice.
Games - Other
Children's dinosaur coloring writing prog.-
Easy enjoyable coloring program, especially
useful for introducing young children to
computers. Designed by educators to be used
with minimal help from adults. Dinosaurs are
placed on backgrounds, then colored.
Optional Sound Blaster voice.
Games - Other
Children's animal coloring writing program.-
Easy enjoyable coloring program, especially
useful for introducing young children to
computers. Designed by educators to be used
with minimal help from adults. Animals are
placed on backgrounds, then colored.
Optional Sound Blaster voice.
Games - Other
Children's animal coloring writing program.-
Easy enjoyable coloring program, especially
useful for introducing young children to
computers. Designed by educators to be used
with minimal help from adults. Animals are
placed on backgrounds, then colored.
Optional Sound Blaster voice.
Games - Other
Child's whale/dolphin coloring writing prog-
Easy enjoyable coloring program, especially
useful for introducing young children to
computers. Designed by educators to be used
with minimal help from adults. Whales are
placed on backgrounds, then colored.
Optional Sound Blaster voice.
Games - Other
Child's whale/dolphin coloring writing prog-
Easy enjoyable coloring program, especially
useful for introducing young children to
computers. Designed by educators to be used
with minimal help from adults. Whales are
placed on backgrounds, then colored.
Optional Sound Blaster voice.
Games - Other
BESTHES v1.02 - New revised 3,056,200-word(!)
thesaurus. Pop-up, ultrafast related-words
dictionary. 16,520 entries with 185 (avg.)
related words each. Registration - $30.
BESTHES v2.02, 28,635 entries and 210 w.p.e.,
will be sent to v1.02 registrants for only
p.& h. costs.
Both versions require only 46K of RAM.
May be used as a standalone application,
or as an integral part of the wordprocessor.
Big Boy's Famous BBSing Primer v94.k
The best general source of info. on
BBSing in existence! The whole BBSing
scene laid bare - concepts, techniques,
software, buzzwords, procedures, insider
info., phone numbers. And free! Self-
reader .exe format for IBM pcs/clones
only. The TEACHER! By Colorado's Modem
Comedian Big Boy - Nyuk Nyuk!
Date: Thu, 24 Mar 1994 11:48:29 -0500
From: Rob Scott
Subject: Electronic Birding Resources (long)
Electronic Birding Resources
First Draft
In the past month, I have compiled this list of electronic sources, mailing
lists and dialup bulletin boards which focus on birding and wild
bird-related information. I am sure there are omissions, as I am sure that
there are inaccuracies. I'd like to hear about either...
Thanks to all on birdchat who responded to my query and sent much of the
information presented here. I have also culled some citations from Ken
Boschert's _The Electronic Zoo_, which is a broader list of animal-related
sites and lists. According to Ken, The most recent version of The
Electronic Zoo can be retrieved via anonymous FTP from
( in the subdirectory:
(x_x referring to the most current version)
Finally, I can't vouch for the continued existence of these sites, nor can
I offer assistance on how to connect to many of them. Enter at your own
Please let me know of inaccuracies and omissions. I would like to make
this as complete and as correct as possible.
Good Birding!
Rob Scott
type: mailing list
internet address:
contact:Roberto Phillips
description: Neotropical Bird Discussion List
Internet Subscribe to:
Internet Mail to:
* citation from The Electronic Zoo, compiled by Ken Boschert,
type: mailing list
internet address:
description: A bitnet listserv list for the discussion of bird banding
topics. Part of the National Birding Hotline Cooperative suite of mailing
Open automated subscription, unmoderated
To subscribe, send the command
FAQ and additional information available from
type: mailing list
internet address:
description: A bitnet listserv list for the discussion of wild birds and
birding. Part of the National Birding Hotline Cooperative suite of mailing
Open automated subscription, unmoderated
To subscribe, send the command
FAQ and additional information available from
type: mailing list
internet address:
description: A bitnet listserv list for the posting of RBA and Hotline
transcripts covering central North America. Part of the National Birding
Hotline Cooperative suite of mailing lists.
Open automated subscription, unmoderated
To subscribe, send the command
FAQ and additional information available from
type: mailing list
internet address:
description: A bitnet listserv list for the posting of RBA and Hotline
transcripts covering eastern North America. Part of the National Birding
Hotline Cooperative suite of mailing lists.
Open automated subscription, unmoderated
To subscribe, send the command
FAQ and additional information available from
type: mailing list
internet address:
description: A bitnet listserv list for the posting of RBA and Hotline
transcripts covering western North America. Part of the National Birding
Hotline Cooperative suite of mailing lists.
Open automated subscription, unmoderated
To subscribe, send the command
FAQ and additional information available from
type: mailing list
internet address:
contact:Rob Scott
description: CAYUGABIRDS-L is an informal electronic discussion list for
the discussion of topics relevant to wild birds and birding in upstate New
York. It is our hope that the list will help spread information about
about bird sightings in the region, promote local birding events, and
provide an effective electronic forum for birders in Ithaca and the finger
lakes as well as other regions of Upstate New York. The list is not to be
used to discuss pet birds or falconry.
Subscription is open, simply send email to LISTSERV@CORNELL.EDU
with the first line of the message:
To send items of interest to the list's subscribers, send mail to
type: mailing list
internet address:
contact:Martin Helin
description: EuroBirdNet is a private list mainly about European birds.
There are national lists in many countries and coordinators who forward
messages between the countries, ie. between the national list and the
European list.
The contact person is Martin Helin at
type: mailing list
internet address:
contact:John Tebbutt
description: MARVADEL is an electronic discussion group for birders of all
descriptions in Maryland, Virginia, Delaware and surrounding areas. The
group will concentrate on local birding issues and events, such as
interesting sightings, advice on local birding hotspots, announcements
of local bird club meetings, events and exhibitions, planning of days
out and joint birding expeditions, etc. MARVADEL is open to all
individuals with a sense of humor and an interest in wild birds in the
mid-Atlantic region.
To subscribe to MARVADEL, send mail to:
type: mailing list
internet address:
contact:Carol Schumacher
description: An informal network of Minnesota Ornithologists Union members.
Contact Carol Schumacher for details.
Oregon Birders OnLine (OBOL)
type: mailing list
internet address:
contact:Greg Gillson
description: A regional mailing list targeted at Birders from Oregon.
The purpose of OBOL is to keep its members up-to-date on unusual and rare
birds seen recently in Oregon. Rare Bird Alerts should be posted here right
away. The Portland Audubon Rare Bird Alert weekly phone message is posted,
usually on Thursday. Unusual sightings from the past weekend's birding is
welcome. Postings of field trips, bird count announcements, etc. also belong
on this list.
What is posted to OBOL? Bird sightings, meeting notices, Rare Bird Alerts,
bird identification questions (and responses), CBC dates, etc.
To subscribe to the obol mailing list, send a message with the line
subscribe obol Your-Email-Address
type: mailing list
internet address:
contact:Jack P. Hailman
description: Paridae and Hole-nesting Bird Discussion List
Promotes communication among scientists working on tits
(Paridae) and other hole-nesting birds. TITNET is a publication
listing e-mail addresses of conference members. TITNEWS contains
announcements and discussions of activities such as bibliographic
systems, and hence serves as the email newsletter. TITNOTES contains
material on the biology of the birds, and hence serves as a kind of
email journal.
Internet Subscribe to:
Note: Send (1) full name, (2) mailing address, which is forwarded to
Dr. Ficken for PARUS INTERNATIONAL, (3) email address(es), (4) species
studied, and (5) types of studies (population dynamics, general
ecology, vocalizations, nesting, behavior, etc.).
* citation from The Electronic Zoo, compiled by Ken Boschert,
type: mailing list
internet address:
contact:Dan Victor
description: Tweeters is a mailing list covering birding topics in
Washington State. For infomation on how to subscribe and how to post,
contact Dan Victor,
AVES Archive
type: FTP
internet address:
description: An anonymous FTP archive which contains bird images (primarily
GIF format) as well as sound and text files.
telnet to and logon anonymous
type: FTP
internet address:
description: The anonymous FTP site,, has
images (gif, jpeg) in
type: Forum/BBS
internet address: na
description: Modem: 303-423-9775
12/2400 baud, No parity
8 data bits
1 stop bit
* citation from The Electronic Zoo, compiled by Ken Boschert,
BIRDING- Prodigy
type: Forum/BBS
internet address: na (CARENA M POOTH)
description: There is a bulletin board on Prodigy about
birding. It is in the HOBBIES CLUB under the topic BIRDING.
There is sometimes some good stuff in there about field trips, rare bird
sightings, and such. A LOT of backyard birding stuff.
type: Forum/BBS
internet address:
description: Bird Info Network & Birdnet
Help Line: 303-422-6529 (fax)
No parity
8 data bits
1 stop bit
Arvada, CO 80001
* citation from The Electronic Zoo, compiled by Ken Boschert,
National Audubon Forum
type: Forum/BBS
internet address: na
contact:Connie Mahan>
description: The National Audubon Forum on Compuserve. It is not
accessible to the average compuserve user. You have to sign up through NAS
and get a special userid in order to be allowed to participate. Coverage
includes national and
international conservation issues, legislative alerts and updates,
information about upcoming conferences, newsletter exchange materials, and
a variety of other activities. Contact Connie Mahan at the NAS DC office.
Osprey's Nest, The
type: Forum/BBS
internet address: na
contact:Norm Saunders
description: The Osprey's Nest (TON) is really aimed at a more regional
audience, namely the birders and other amateur naturalists in the
Washington, DC Metropolitan Area. Long-distance callers are certainly
welcome, but we aim to cater mostly to the folks from the MD-DE-DC-VA areas
within about a 200-mile radius of DC.
You can reach TON by calling 301-989-9036. The bulletin board answers the
phone at 2400/9600 baud and is available 24 hours per day, 7 days per week.
Your communication parameters should be set to 8 data bits, 1 stop bit,
and no parity.
TON has been operational close on to 7 years now. We have between 800 and
900 users, with a solid core of about 100 or so birders who are willing to
chat about birds and good birding locales. If you're looking for something
more rgionally oriented than BIRDCHAT, by all means give us a call. -NS
type: Forum/BBS
internet address:
description: A USENET newsgroup.
from the FAQ, edited by Brian Rice :
This newsgroup is for the discussion of wild birds. Here is a partial
list of possible topics:
Identifying birds in the field by appearance, behavior, and song
Birding trips
Attracting wild birds to feeders
Behavior of birds in the wild
Conservation of wild birds
Research into bird life
Bird taxonomy
type: Forum/BBS
internet address:
Help Line: 602-323-2955
* citation from The Electronic Zoo, compiled by Ken Boschert,
type: Other
internet address:
contact:Gary Shugart or Dennis Paulson
University of Puget Sound
The catalog from the University of Puget Sound bird
collection is available over Internet. This catalog consists of
18,500+ records of "core data" which includes the museum number,
species name, sex, plumage, country, state (or other geopolitical
entity), county/other, date, and preparation. Initially, the catalog
is only accessible by obtaining a password from Gary Shugart or Dennis
Paulson at "". The University of Puget Sound has the
largest computerized bird collection in the northwest USA.
* citation from The Electronic Zoo, compiled by Ken Boschert,
Prarie Falcon Newsletter
type: Other
internet address: (David A Rintoul)
description: The Northern Flint Hills Audobon Society newsletter is
available in the Kansas State Univeristy Information system. Telnet to and logon as UNICORN to access this newsletter. It is in the
subdirectory News and Announcements.
Bird Stuff
type: Gopher, WWW
internet address:
contact:Jack Siler
description: A birdgopher with newsletters, checklists, access to the AVES
GIF/Sound archive, and other goodies. Set your gopher for:, port 70
If you have WWW browsing software, go to the URL:
Archive-name: books/stores/asian
Last change:
Mon Mar 14 11:05:32 EST 1994
Copies of this article may be obtained by anonymous ftp to
under /pub/usenet/news.answers/books/stores/asian.Z. Or, send email to with "send
usenet/news.answers/books/stores/asian" in the body of the message.
Cities include (listed basically west to east, north to south by country,
alphabetically within country, but associated areas and language groups are
listed together; if anyone has a better ordering, let me know):
Jerusalem, Israel
Tel Aviv, Israel
Bangalore, India
Bombay, India
Delhi, India
Seoul, Republic of Korea
Nagoya, Japan
Osaka, Japan
Tokyo, Japan
Taipei, Taiwan/Republic of China
[Note 1: I collected these comments from a variety of people. I personally
have no knowledge of many of these places and take no responsibility if you
buy a book you don't enjoy. :-) Phone numbers and precise addresses can be
gotten by calling directory assistance for the appropriate city. Call ahead
for precise hours, as even when I list them they are subject to change.]
[Note 2: If you can add information for any of these, in particular
addresses when they are missing, please send it to me.]
[Note 3: I am cross-posting this to rec.arts.sf.written, but the bookstores
listed include *all* types of bookstores, so please don't tell me that a
particular store has a limited SF section unless I have specifically claimed
otherwise. All references to science fiction are abbreviated SF for ease in
electronic searching.]
Jerusalem, Israel:
Steimatzky's (on Ben-Yehuda; on Jaffa Road; on King George Avenue). *The*
importer of English-language books for Israel. Just look for a
large green sign with "Steimatzky's" written in white in both
languages. You can't get away from them. They carry a decent
selection of Hebrew and English books, although they are *extremely*
expensive--$8 for a paperback?
Sefer ve-Sefel ("Book and Mug", on one of the tiny side streets near
Ben-Yehuda; you're going to have to ask a local for directions,
since it's one of the "in, up, and over" stores well off the
street). One of the best places to go. A used/new bookstore-cum-
cafe. They have a large selection of Judaica in both English and
Hebrew, and a *huge* selection of fiction--novels, mystery, romance,
and a SF section to shame many stores in the U.S. Their prices are
about the same as those in American used-book stores.
"Jerusalem is filled with small bookstores in every language, for every
price range and taste in reading. I was a dusty and exhausted archaeology
sla--I mean, *volunteer*--so I hit most of the used-paperback stores. I
got most of my directions from a friend, but I found out later that any good
guidebook will have a list of bookstores with directions, or at least
addresses--usually hidden and not indexed, but it's there."
Tel Aviv, Israel:
Dyonun Bookstore (Tel-Aviv University).
Bangalore, India:
Gangaram's (MG Road). "One of the biggest book shops that I have seen in
India. Quite like a western departmental store."
New Book Shop (?) (behind MG Road). "A very good book shop. I found this
to have a good number of books, but it was a bit disorganized."
Bombay, India:
The Computer Book Shop (the Fort Road joining VT station to Flora Fountain).
Has the most comprehensive selection of computer-related books.
Smokers Corner (a block from the Strand Bookstall). Running since the 1940s
or early 1950s, this is another of Bombay's institutions. As well as
being a bookstore, it also houses a small library.... This store
offers the best deals for new books. For instance on a lucky day,
one could get an original unused/sealed copy of LABYRINTHS by Borges
for Rs.25 (about US$0.75).
Strand Bookstall (about two blocks from the Computer Book Shop). The most
famous bookstore in Bombay. It offers an impressive inventory of
books. Though small in size by American standards, the owners
promise they can order any book that is available. The store is
constantly flooded by book enthusiasts and sometimes "bumping"
becomes necessary. :-)
? (down the road towards Flora Fountain). It is the "most" famous book
shop in that area of Bombay. Carries all the best sellers and
general fiction/non-fiction books.
"By far the most frequented book location is the street aound Flora Fountain.
This is a stretch of about 2 kilometers on which street vendors have hawked
books (for the past twenty or thrity years). Approx 100,000-200,000 books are
up for grabs everyday. About 80% of the books are used (thousands of books
are sold/bought by these vendors). Books of all types, fiction, non-fiction,
technical and non-technical books are available. Any self-respecting
Bombaywallah would have bought at least one book from these vendors at least
"This just covers a small section of south Bombay. If I cover all the
bookstores in Greater Bombay itself (not in the outskirts/suburbs), I would
require at least two or three hours (not counting the typing :-) ). I
could still cover the Lamingtoin Road area (and the Matunga area) which has
perhaps the finest collection of bookstores, selling technical books.... I
should mention, however, that the favourite haunt of book maniacs would be
the thousands(!!!!!!!!) of street vendors/stalls well littered all around
Bombay. It is at these book"stores" that one can get the best
bargains/choice and the joy of finding a rare book that one has been
searching, for a throwaway price not to mention the atmosphere where one
can chat with other "hunters" whilst browsing through the books! At one of
such vendors I picked up an original copy of VENUS IN FURS by Leopold von
Sacher-Masoch for a mere Rs.5 (about USD$0.16)!"
Delhi, India:
The Book Shop (in Khan Market).
The Bookworm (B-29 Connaught Place, 3322260). Biggest collection of
English-language paperbacks I saw in New Delhi. Claimed to have
Hindi books upstairs but I didn't see any. "I strongly second the
recommendation. Mr. Anil Arora (the owner of the shop) is a very
nice and helpful person. He is one of the few guys who has the
titles in his computer's database. Also has a SF section. And yes,
some Hindi books do exist upstairs. The bargain sale price of
hard-backs and classics is fantastic. A good selection of Penguins
and Pelicans too."
Galgotias (B-Block of Connaught Place). Good for technical books and general
reading/fiction. They are close to the Bookworm and next door to
another bookstore (Capital Book Shop?).
Metropolitan Book Company (1 Nataji Subash Marg Darya Gang-2, 327-1661).
Claims to be the largest bookstore in Delhi. In the Old Delhi area.
Sehgals (in the South Extension market).
Teksons (in the South Extension market).
There are two other book shops on Janpath (close to Connaught Place). You
get bargain prices in the book shop that is close to the Indian Oil Bhawan.
"As with the cities above, there is at least one major bookshop in the
downtown area of any big city. A rambling walk in the down-town area
is sure to turn it up. Books are comparatively cheaper in India. The prices
in Germany are really atrocious. DM 20,- for a paper-back in English !!"
(They're also cheaper in India than in either the United States or Britain,
even for British books. There is a shop that sells books at the airport,
and it's not a bad way to get rid of those final rupees.)
Book World (Boat Quay). Great selection of German and French books.
Campus Bookstores (National University of Singapore). Best technical
bookstores. "Theoretically, you can get any book you want in
Singapore if you are willing to order and wait for a few weeks for
it to arrive, and the price will more expensive than buying in US
if they have to order from US. However, some publishers do have
local student editions (mostly paperback) that is significantly
cheaper than you can get in US. Don't expect to find much (if any)
Springer Verlag books there; McGraw-Hill and Addison-Wesley have
larger selection there. I am not too sure about World-Scientific."
"They have some international editions at great prices, but the
selection is very limited."
Computer Book Centre (Funan Centre). Excellent selection of computer books.
Kinokuniya. Like everywhere else in the world, these stores are very good.
There are four branches.
Popular Bookstore (Bras Basar, near to Raffles City MTR stop). Near the
Westin-Stamford Towers. "The prices were not that competitive
compared to Hong Kong (or even Sydney!), but it was the largest
bokstore I came across, and there were other large bookstores in the
same building.
World Scientific Publisher. Unfortunately, they don't have a proper
showroom. You can go to their warehouse, which is kind of far.
They sometimes have some books at the campus bookstore.
The two main chains are Times and MPH. All the Times stores are
typical chain stores, but the MPH at Stamford Rd is probably the best
bookstore in town.
"It's difficult to find good bookstores in Singapore. Most stores are
chain stores with a limited selection. The used books stores mostly
carry paperback fiction. Books tend to be expensive. The only
redeeming feature is that some books are available in international
editions. In particular, computer books are much cheaper than in the
US. Bras Basah has lots of stores, some of them used and some of them
with a good Chinese selection."
[Most of this section was contributed by Helmer Aslaksen
Seoul, Republic of Korea:
? (basement of the Kyobo building--it's a big red brick building located
between the Chosun hotel and the US Embassy. Citibank is housed on
the upper floors). "There were a couple of bookstores in the
basement, and one had a good selection of English Language books--I
bought Knuth's Vol 1-3 books there."
Nagoya, Japan:
Maruzen (one block south, three blocks west of Sakae Station--entrances on
Hirokoji-dori and Gofukucho-dori, local phone 261-2251). Department
store, but two floors of books. Third floor (second floor British)
is foreign-language books.
Osaka, Japan:
Asahi Bookstore (Umeda; south of the JR Osaka Station, visible from the
large pedestrian overpass near the taxi waiting area on the east
side of the street, across from the Hanshin department store).
Seven floors.
Kinokuniya Bookstore (Umeda; beneath the Hankyu Railway platform). One
(big) floor.
Tokyo, Japan (city code 03, country code +81):
American Pharmacy (1-8-1 Yuraku-cho, Chiyoda-ku 3271-4034). Has English
magazines and bestseller/general fiction.
Biburosu (in front of the JR Takadanobaba station, 3200-4531). English-
language books. Open Mon-Sat 10:30-19:30, Sun, hol 11-18:30.
Closed third Monday of each month.
The BookShelf (1-14-13 Kaitori, Tama-shi, Tokyo, Japan 206, (0423) 38-1005,
FAX (0423) 38-1006). "This one is a book-ordering service that will
also run used book searches with bookstores in the U.S. This is the
place to find out-of-print and hard-to-find titles. It is operated
by the same people who used to run the Bookworm. Staff is excellent
in either English or Japanese.
Bunseido (Osaki New City, 10605 Osaki, Shinagawa-ku 5460-5421).
Dragon's Egg (3-3-33 Asagaya Minami #302, Suginami-ku, Tokyo, Japan 166;
seven minutes from JR Asagaya station's South exit, one minute from
Minami-Asagaya station on the Marunouchi line, near the Suginami
ward office, just off the Ome Kaido, 3393-3344). "This used book
shop, the successor to the Bookworm, is small, well-ordered and
located up an almost hidden stairwell. It accepts trade-ins of
paperbacks only and has a respectable selection of SF. The
proprietor will search for titles sent by postcard and mail them to
you. It will soon be listed on-line through TWICS, the first
public-access Internet system in Japan. It caters to a slightly
more literary crowd than the Library, but also accepts comic books."
Open Fri-Tue 11-19.
Furansu (3 minutes from Shinjuku station, 3346-0396). French-language
books. Open Mon-Fri 10-18.
Goethe (in front of the JR Tokyo station, 5/F of Marunouchi Bldg, 3211-8481).
German-language books. Open Mon-Fri 9:30-17:30, Sat 9:30-15.
(But one person says, "I searched for days but I was not able to
locate it.")
Italia (5 minutes from Jimbouchou subway station, 3262-1656). Italian,
Spanish, and Portuguese books. Open Mon-Fri 9:30-17, Sat 9:30-15.
Closed first and third Staurdays of each month.
INEA/JENA (5-6-1 Ginza, Chuuou-ku; Ginza (subway), Yuurakucho (JR);
3571-2980). English books in general. Open Mon-Sat 10:30-19:50,
Sun 12:30-18:45. Closed holidays.
Itoya (2-7-15 Ginza, Chuo-ku 3561-8311).
Kinokuniya Bookstore (3-17-7 Shinjuku, Shinkjuku-ku; Exit B7 from Shinjuku
Subway station (Marunouchi Line), 3354-0131). English and other
non-Japanese books and periodicals on the 6th floor (5th floor
British). Broad selection. Open 10-19. Closed on third Wednesday
of each month.
Kitazawa Bookstore (2-5 Kanda-Jinboucho, Chiyoda-ku; Jinboucho (subway);
3263-0011, 3263-0017 (rare book section)). Specializes in
literature written in English. Foreign books only, little or no
Japanese books. Also has the rare book section in second floor.
Koureishorin (40 meters from west exit of JR Suidoubashi station,
3262-6801). Korean-language books. Open Mon-Fri 9-18, Sat 9-15.
The Library (Suginami-ku, Tokyo, Japan; near Ogikubo station's South Exit on
the JR Chou line and subway Marunouchi line, 3391-2164). "Dave's
place takes a while to get used to, but it is a good source of used
paperbacks. It usually opens around 5 PM and serves very good
home-made salsa on quesadillas when the cook is working, also serves
Sapporo beer on tap. It's a one-room bar/used book store, with a
crowd of reasonably friendly regulars at the bar. Also has a
reputation for being a good place for Japanese girls to practice
their English without getting hit on too heavily. The book
selection is a little bit of everything, but has some SF. Accepts
trade-ins. It is located on the third floor over an Indian
restaurant, down the street from the Royal Host restaurant." Open
Tue-Thu 17-00, Fri-Sun 14-00.
Mananteiaru (2 minutes from JR Ichigaya station, 3264-0788). Spanish-
language bookstore. Open Mon 12-18, Tue-Sat 10-18.
Maruzen Bookstore (2-3-10 Nihobashi, Chuuou-ku; Exit ?? from Nihombashi
Station, opposite Takshimaya on street level, 3272-7211). Head
office of the major bookstore chain. Many branches around Japan.
Japanese/English books in general. Largest selection of English
technical books in Tokyo area. English and other non-Japanese books
and periodicals on 2nd floor (1st floor British). Broad selection.
Mathematica (Yushima 4-1-22, next to Tokyo university Hongo Campus,
3916-3724). "You guessed it, this is one of the very few bookstores
in the world that sells only math books. The selection is
fantastic, but the prices are extremely high."
Mekurenburugu (3 minutes from Hibiya subway station, 3591-8666). German
language books. Open Mon-Fri 9:30-18, Sat 9:30-17.
Nisshindo Philosophical Books (2-7, Jinboucho, Kanda, Chiyodaku, Jinboucho
(subway), 3261-6246, FAX 3261-6347). Specializes in philosophy and
Greek/Roman classics. Foreign books only, little or no Japanese
Oumei-sha (3 minutes from west exit of JR Iidabashi station, 3262-7276).
French-language books. Open Mon-Fri 9:30-17:50, Sat 9:30-16:30.
Sanchuudou (3 minutes from Kyobashi station of the Ginza line, 3271-1981).
Korean-language books. Open Mon-Sat 11-19 .
Sanseido (1-1 Kanda-Jinboucho, Chiyoda-ku, 4 minutes from Jimbouchou subway
station, 3233-3312). Largest bookstore in Jinboucho bookstore area
(but only a few English books). Open Wed-Mon, 10-18.
Takashimaya (2-4-1 Nihonbashi, Chuo-ku 3211-4111 ext. 5555).
Charles E. Tuttle (Tatoru) (1-3 Kanda Jinbouchou, Chiyoda-ku, 3 minutes from
Jimbouchou subway station, 3291-7071). "Publishes many books in
English about Japan and the Orient and translations of Japanese
literature. I haven't been to the store itself, but the titles they
publish are very good." Open Mon-Sat 10:30-18.
Wave (Roppongi; Exit ?? from Roppongi Station). English-language books and
periodicals on 4th floor (3rd floor British). Very narrow
selection, catering mainly to arts related materials--photography,
music, art.
Wise Owl Books (fourth floor of the Shineido Bookstore, across the square
from Ikebukuro station's East exit, Toshima-ku, Tokyo, 5391-2960).
"This shop is a friendly alternative to Kinokuniya for new books,
periodicals and comics. It has only one room, but the staff is much
more helpful and has better English ability. They seem more on top
of ordering books too."
Wonderland (1 minute from Jimbouchou subway station, 3233-2507). English-
language books. Open Mon-Sat 10:30-18:30, Sun, hol 10:30-18.
Closed first and third Mondays of each month.
Yaesu Book Center (2-5-1 Yaesu, Chuuou-ku, Tokyo (JR), Kyoubashi (subway),
3281-1811). Japanese/English books in general. Good selection of
English technical books. Open Mon-Sat 10h-19h.
Yosho Biblos/Akasaka (Akasaka Park Building, 5-2-20 Akasaka, Minato-ku
Yurindou (Landmark Tower, Yokohama (few minutes from the Sakurakichou
station)). English-language books.
Yurinsha (Hongo 5-28-1, next to Tokyo University Hongo Campus, 3814-0275).
"This is one of the very few bookstores in the world that sells only
math books. The selection is fantastic, but the prices are extremely
"Jimbocho (Jimbouchou) to books is Akihabara to electronic gizmos. Truly a
bookworm's paradise. The most direct way to get to Jimbouchou is to take
the Shinjuku subway line from the Shinjuku station. Get off at the
Ochanmizu station if you're taking JR."
"Call the bookstores first to confirm opening hours and to ask for
directions. Since most of them are specialized in a certain foreign
language, I'd suspect that the store-keepers are fluent that language."
"In Japan apartments are small. That makes used books very appealling, you
can rotate them through and keep some open space in your rabbit hutch. I
figure why pay the full Kinokuniya price just to be ignored. I've heard of
some good stores in Shimokitazawa, but don't know anything definite. The
Toshima-ku Central Library, near JR Otsuka station, has a few English
periodicals and a very small English book section."
[Most of the section was contributed by Wayne Lui
and Steven Fossoy .]
Taipei, Taiwan/Republic of China:
Caves Books, Ltd. (103, Chungshan N. Rd., Sec. 2, Taipei 5414754, 5371666).
Near a university which many foreigners attend. They sell many
textbooks, English books about Taiwan/China, and many English
translations of Chinese books. Mentioned in the Lonely Planet
Evelyn C. Leeper | +1 908 957 2070 | /
Evelyn C. Leeper | +1 908 957 2070 |
"The Internet is already an information superhighway, except that ... it is
driving a car through a blizzard without windshield wipers or lights, and all
the road signs are written upside down and backwards."--Mike Royko (not Dave
Archive-name: books/stores/north-american/eastern
Last change:
Mon May 2 11:34:05 EDT 1994
Blacksburg VA (Books, Strings & Things)
Philadelphia PA (Factotum Books)
Pittsburgh PA (Bradlees Book Centre)
Cleveland OH (Three Ninety-Seven Bookshop)
KY (Hallmark Store, Hawley Cooke Booksellers)
South Bend IN (The Griffon Bookstore)
Chicago IL (Peking Bookstore)
Pittsburgh PA (Eide's Entertainment)
Baltimore MD (Lambda Rising)
Washington DC (Kramerbooks/Afterwords, Lambda Rising, Olsson's,
Sidney Kramer, Super Crown)
Cleveland OH (Macs Backs Paperbacks--address change)
Ann Arbor MI (David's Books, Little Professor)
Copies of this article may be obtained by anonymous ftp to
under /pub/usenet/news.answers/books/stores/north-american/eastern.Z. Or,
send email to with "send
usenet/news.answers/books/stores/north-american/eastern" in the body of
the message.
This FAQ is in digest format.
Cities (listed geographically north-to-south, east-to-west) include:
Providence RI
New Haven CT
Albany NY (and general upstate stuff)
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton PA
Philadelphia PA
State College PA
Pittsburgh PA
Baltimore MD
Richmond VA (and other Virginia)
Washington DC
Atlanta GA
Miami FL (and vicinity)
Charleston WV
Cleveland OH
Akron OH
Bowling Green OH
Columbus OH
Dayton OH
Cincinnati OH
Toledo OH
Ann Arbor MI (see Detroit)
Detroit MI (including Ann Arbor)
Indianapolis IN (and other Indiana)
Chicago IL
[Note 1: This list includes cities south of the Canadian border and east of
the Mississippi River. The New York City list and several other lists for
other geographic regions are posted in separate messages at the same time as
this list. Nichael Cramer ( maintains the
Cambridge/Boston list and usually posts it a couple of days after this
[Note 2: I collected these comments from a variety of people. I personally
have no knowledge of many of these places and take no responsibility if you
buy a book you don't enjoy. :-) Phone numbers and precise addresses can be
gotten by calling directory assistance for the appropriate city. Call ahead
for precise hours, as even when I list them they are subject to change.]
[Note 3: If you can add information for any of these, in particular
addresses when they are missing, please send it to me.]
[Note 4: I am cross-posting this to rec.arts.sf.written, but the bookstores
listed include *all* types of bookstores, so please don't tell me that a
particular store has a limited SF section unless I have specifically claimed
otherwise. All references to science fiction are abbreviated SF for ease in
electronic searching.]
Special mention:
Traveler Restaurant Book Cellar in Union, CT (I-84 at the MA/CT
border: Exit 74 [visible from the Interstate], 203-684-9042 for
the bookstore, 203-684-4920 for the restaurant).
The upstairs is a restaurant with a gimmick "a free book with every
meal," though the books here are the sort one finds at the end of
the day at a rummage sale and the food undistinguished. The walls
are covered with autographed fan mail from famous authors. The
basement is a serious used bookstore. It's out in the middle of
nowhere, but definitely worth a visit if you're passing by on your
way between NYC and Boston, for example. The restaurant is open
seven days a week, 7 AM to 9 PM; the bookstore hours are Sun-Mon
12-8, Tue-Wed 10-2 Thu-Fri 12-8, Sat 8-8.
Subject: NH
Dartmouth Bookstore (33 South Main, Hanover, 603-643-3616). Not owned by
Dartmouth College, in spite of the name, and in spite of the fact
that it is the primary source for textbooks at the school. Claims
to be the largest independently-owned bookstore north of Boston, and
it certainly is large: it occupies three floors of a landmark
building just south of the Dartmouth campus (as well as one floor of
two ugly modern buildings out back.) Particularly strong selections
of fiction, literary criticism, travel books, children's literature,
and business-management-type stuff. Good but slightly pricy
selection of CDs and tapes, as well as extensive office-supply and
stuffed-anaimal departments.
Village Book Store (88 Main, Littleton, 603-444-5263). The second-best
bookstore in Northern New Hampshire, after the Dartmouth Bookstore.
Actually, in some ways it's more enjoyable (for general browsing
purposes) than the Dartmouth Bookstore, because the Village
Bookstore doesn't have to carry as many dull but necessary academic
items. This mostly caters to the vacation crowd (Littleton is
located just north of Franconia Notch), but mainly to the
intellectual elite amongst the vacationers.
Subject: VT
Chapman's Pharmacy (Main Street (US 5), Fairlee, 802-333-9709). Actually,
this picturesque little store is everything but a pharmacy. (The
current owner's late husband was a pharmacist, though.) The back
room is devoted to a densely packed selection of used books. This
is mostly the usual stuff gleaned from the bookshelves of the
surrounding farmhouses and summer cottages (i.e., lots of old travel
books, hardcover fiction from the 1940s through early 1980s, books
on animals, etc.) but for some reason there is an unusually large
proportion of interesting politcial books, largely right-wing but
lots of mainstream and some left-wing items as well.
Chassman & Bem (corner Church and Bank, Burlington; 800-NEW-BOOK in NY/NE).
"They claim to be New England's largest private bookstore; the
selection is extensive on a wide range of topics, including
large art, biography, and mystery sections. (SF section could
use a bit of improvement; I usually end up special-ordering.)
Very classy atmosphere." (There used to be a cafe, but they
got rid of it.
Codex Books (used) (near Church and Cherry, Burlington). Specializes in
rare and out-of-print books. Very reasonable prices.
Kids Ink (Masonic Temple, head of Church Street, Burlington). Specializes
in children's books, and usually has public readings by well-known
authors once or twice a month. Was owned by the same people as
Chassman & Bem, but has since changed ownership.
Subject: Providence RI
Book Store, Murder by the Book, and Other Worlds (1281 N Main). A variety
of stores occupying the same space. Wide selection of used SF and
Brown University Bookstore (Thayer and Angell). Although a poor relative to
the University bookstores of schools of similar caliber, it does
have a decent academic selection (especially in the textbooks area)
not otherwise found in the area.
Cellar Stories (190 Mathewson). Good selection of just about everything.
Recently doubled its space. Contrary to its name, it's on a second
floor downtown, just off of Weybosset. Can usually be spotted by a
banner hanging from the upstairs window.
College Hill Bookstore (Thayer and Olive). A more mainstream bookstore
rivaling Brown's own (see above). It's open until 11 PM and has a
decent foreign magazine selection.
Sewards' Folly (139 Brook). Eclectic selection. At about fifteen years
old, this is the longest-surviving of the used bookstores around
here, so they must be doing something right. Owned by as retired
couple named (surprise) Seward, this is a comfortable places to
browse, and only a couple of blocks from coffee mecca on Wickenden
Street, so you can conveniently take your purchases and enjoy them
over a cup of espresso.
Subject: New Haven CT
Arethusa Book Shop (87 Audubon). Used books, first editions, collectors
items. Most are fairly expensive.
Atticus (1082 Chapel). A rather ho-hum selection of new books. Its
virtues are that it's open late (a rarity in this area) and has a
cafe on the premises.
Bryn Mawr Book Shop (56 1/2 Whitney). Cheap used books. Good for picking
up some light reading (most paperbacks are $.25 apiece). Open
limited hours.
Coventry Books (75 Whitney). Used books, mostly nonfiction or scholarly.
Also some remainders. "My personal favorite of the bunch."
Whitlock's (17 Broadway). Used books on all subjects.
Yale Coop (77 Broadway). New books, large full-service bookstore. They
also have one corner set aside for used scholarly books.
Subject: Albany NY (and other upstate)
Albany area:
Blue White Rainbow (216 Lark St.). New Age, some occult, self-help,
crystals, etc.
Book House (Stuyvesant Plaza). General new bookstore. Good children's
books section. "My favorite all-around book store in Albany. Great
to browse in."
Fantaco (21 Central Ave.). Comics, horror, some film books (a few).
Green Light (Central Avenue above Northern Blvd.). Occult books, tarot
decks, etc.
Haven't Got a Clue (Westmere, Route 20/Western Ave. a mile or two
east of 155). Mystery specialty store, used and new. Sherlockiana
section. Nice doggie.
Colonie area:
Canterbury Tales (Central Ave., Colonie, 1-2 miles west of Wolf Road, north
side of street). Used books, comics, and various memorabilia.
Latham area:
Earth and Sky (640 New Loudon/Route 9, Latham). Pleasant blend of New Age
and occult.
Rochester area:
Abacus Bookshop (350 East Ave). Used.
Ang & Lil's (Stone Rd, Greece). Used.
Armchair Books (545 Titus Ave). Used.
Bennu Books (656 South Ave). Used. Has a somewhat smaller selection of
mystery, SF, and other fiction and also has a selection of Black
studies type books.
Book Centre (the Village Plaza, Spencerport). Used.
The Bookshelf (Westgate Plaza). Used.
Brown Bag Books (678 Monroe Ave). Used, with a good selection of mystery,
SF, and regular fiction with a smattering of other topics.
Bryn Mawr (Exchange St). Used.
Gutenberg's Rare & Used Books (675 Monroe Ave). Has much more rare then
used. If you're just looking at used to save money I wouldn't
Maplewood Books/Total Information (Driving Park at Dewey Ave, Rochester).
This is an excellent technical bookstore. While their primary
market seems to be the large population of engineers in Rochester,
they do carry other subjects. Their selection of computer science
titles (both textbooks and titles geared towards users) is
unrivalled by any other bookstore I have seen other than a campus
bookstore at a top-notch engineering school. The only thing wrong
is that they are only open until 6 PM on weekdays and currently
have no weekend hours.
Park Ave Book Store (370 Park Ave). New books only. Now has an espresso
bar in place of their used book section.
Science Fiction Plus (1580 Blossum Road). New and used.
Yankee Peddler Bookshop (274 North Goodman in Village Gate Square and Route
104, Williamson). Used.
? (Schoen Place, Pittsford). Formerly part of Rock Bridge books, which is
still there, but no used.
Saratoga area:
Lyrical Ballad (Phila St in downtown Saratoga). Amazing used store carved
out of basements from several adjacent establishments.
Saratoga SF and Mystery (Broadway in downtown Saratoga). New and used. Run
by Mary Southworth and Karl Olson, who frequently sell books at
SF conventions.
Tales of Space and Crime (Wilton Mall). Also run of Southworth and Olson.
"Let me also state that Mary Southworth, the co-owner, is one of the
most helpful store owner I've ever met. I have enjoyed *every* book
she recommended to me."
Schenectady area:
Bibliomania (Jay Street, downtown Schenectady). Used, but classy used
Book Nook (Upper Union St, Schenectady). General and local new books.
Books and Pieces (downtown State St, Schenectady). Randomly open, peculiar
used book store.
Collin's (Jay Street, downtown Schenectady). Used.
Cornerstone (Upper Union St, Schenectady). Children's books and toys.
Triple City area (Binghampton, Endicott, and Johnson City):
Fat Cat Books (263 Main St, Johnson City, 607-797-9111). Good selection of
new and used SF and fantasy. Also stocks games and comics.
Syracuse area:
The Book Warehouse (Bear Rd). Used.
Subject: NJ
Cranbury Book Worm (Cranbury, 609 area code). "Just outside Princeton,
there's a small town (whose name I've forgotten) that a friend
once took me to visit. On the main street through the town, there's
a large three-storey, white-boarded house with a porch and garden, a
little ramshackle but otherwise unexceptional. But inside, the
house has a completely different character--it's an Aladdin's
library of books. From basement to attic, every inch of wall, every
available table and much of the floor is covered with books. It's
impossible to describe the atmosphere of musty seediness, of volumes
lying sadly neglected, tired and shelf-worn, in the gloomy basement
under the creaky floor, of the stacks piled up the main staircase,
of prize books locked in glass cabinets, and of rooms where the
light seems to seep through the windows with the speed of
slowly-turned pages. It's like a kind of treasure house, full of
common copper coins and fancy inflated banknotes. I came out
feeling a little book-happy, bibliothecally-overdosed." [Si
Courtenage (] They recently closed the basement
off--the uneven floors and low beams made it a real safety hazard, I
guess. Good SF section (paperbacks are fifty or sixty cents each!).
A bit too subdivided for my tastes in some regards (is Twain in with
the Modern Library et al books downstairs or with the classics
upstairs?), but the huge selection make it definitely worth a visit.
Really cheap books are on the porches.
Happy Booker (Morris County Mall, Ridgedale Ave, Morristown, 201-539-4240).
Not only is the selection excellent, the help is knowledgeable.
"Browser's delight. Good SF, *tons* of computer books (all the AT&T
UNIX books, for example). Every usable inch of space stuffed with
books, and narrow, narrow aisles. Good selection of various other
kinds of books, too. No mainstream periodicals, but lots of really
wierd ones.
There are also several Barnes & Noble superstores and a Borders superstore
in East Brunswick (which currently seems to be in a bit of a slump--their
stock is shrinking rather than expanding).
Subject: Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton PA
Another Story (9th & Linden). Used. Especially good on history and art.
Occasional serious bargains to be found (i.e., collectibles for
cheap). Most paperbacks $1, small but cherce fiction section.
Staff knowledgeable and helpful, especially owner.
Barclay Booksellers (Tilghman Square Shopping Center). An independent
specializing in business and children's books. Staff more
knowledgeable about kids' than biz. Will special order anything
from anywhere, including overseas, but you must be patient and sit
on their heads about it or they're likely to lose/forget your order.
Book Bargains (8th & Hamilton). Used. Lots of old magazines, too, and
military. Surly staff.
Brentano's (Lehigh Valley Mall). Good on anthropology, not bad on class
fiction. One of the few chains to label good fiction as "fiction"
and not "literature." Manager an SF buff, other employees mostly
Waldenbooks (Lehigh Valley Mall). Your basic crowded warehouse. Staff
generally bewildered. Not bad for remainders if you're stuck in the
mall for a few hours.
The Moravian Bookshop (Main St). Serious women's section. Small but
interesting kids' section. Staff helpful, will special order.
Half the store is devoted to PA Dutch knicknacks for tourists.
Lehigh University Bookstore (Maginnes Hall, Lehigh U). Haphazard selection
between semester starts but you just might find that book on Hegel
you've been looking for for so long, or that funky edition of the I
Quadrant Book Mart (20 N Third, 215-252-1188). Used. "A three-story
building which is chock full of hardbound and paperbacks--apparently
picked up from estate sales, etc. The proprietor is usually
conversing with someone about anything except books. He is located
in a little side room so that you could probably walk out with half
his store for all he cares. But he knows every book that he has.
He doesn't put price tags on the books, and you're not going to
happen on any autographed books or other great finds cheap. If you
are looking for some oddball out-of-print or a bagful of paperbacks
to while away the winter--you'd do okay." But another poster said,
"Whenever I can't find a book, I find it here. My sister found a
complete Burton's ARABIAN NIGHTS here for a pittance, and a complete
Frazer's GOLDEN BOUGH for another pittance."
Hackman's Bible Book Store, Inc. (1341 Mickley Road, Whitehall PA 18052,
215-264-8600, 800-345-1341, FAX 215-264-1411). "I could spend hours
and hours looking through all of their books and things. They are
now computerized so that they can look things up faster and or also
they can order it by using their computer database. This store is a
20,000 square foot facility! Quite large for a Christian
Bookstore." They carry a wide assortment of related items (music,
choir gowns, communion supplies, etc.) as well. They ship
Subject: Philadelphia PA
AIA Bookstore (17th and Sansom, 215-569-3188). Run by the American
Institute of Architects, this store has (not surprisingly) books on
architecture, interior design, etc.
Barnes & Noble (1424 Chestnut, 215-972-8275). Super-store, with more than
50,000 titles, though Borders (below) is much larger.
Bauman Rare Books (1215 Locust, 215-564-4274). Antiquarian book store.
The Book Trader (501 South St., 215-925-0219). The biggest used book store
in Philadelphia. Also used records/CDs store, along with an art
gallery, all in one. Extensive SF paperback section, along with
other good sections. They have cats all over the place--if you are
allergic, watch out. Open every day 10 AM to midnight.
Borders Book Shop (1727 Walnut, 215-568-7400). There is also an espresso
bar in the store. One of the best in Philadelphia. Readings are
held at least once a week, and the atmosphere is both hip (see and
be seen) and serious (about reading). It's three floors--they have
120,000 titles including a large children's section, and children's
programs 11:30 AM Saturdays. They also don't mind if you sit and
read in the store for hours. They won't hassle you for help, but
when you need it, it's there. They also have lectures and readings.
See the Detroit/Ann Arbor listing for a description of the test the
staff has to pass.
Borders Books & Music (Bryn Mawr). One of the chain, but also stocks
75,000 CDs and tapes and 8000 videos (in addition to 125,000 books).
Look for this as a new trend; I saw stores like this in New Mexico
as well. It's the "total entertainment" concept! (They have
another, non-music, branch in downtown Philadelpgia as well.)
Factotum Books (South Street around 16th or so). Not very good, but
"worth a wander."
Giovanni's Room (345 S 12th at Pine, 215-923-2960). Gay/lesbian/bisexual
bookstore. Started in 1973, it's one of the oldest in the country.
3500 square feet, stocking 20,000 titles. Has an exchange program
with a lending library in Moscow (see 3/1/93 PUBLISHERS WEEKLY for
Hibberd's Books (1310 Walnut) Sells new, used, and rare books, with a large
selection of art. Interesting item in this store is the bag of
books in front of the store marked "take a chance, change of your
life" filled with used books that are unknown until it is opened.
House of Our Own (3920 Spruce, 215-222-1576). Book store near the
University of Pennsylvania's campus. They have literature,
non-fiction, etc. It has stacks of books--a very cozy atmosphere.
How to Do It Bookstore (Sansom btwn 17th and 18th). Specializes in how-to
books on all subjects. "Dangerous store for hobbyists of any kind
to enter!"
Joseph Fox (1724 Sansom, 215-563-4184). Small but choice selection of
fiction and non-fiction.
Quantum Books (138 South 34th, 215-222-0611). A technical and professional
bookstore. The inside is fairly antiseptic looking--very clean and
Rittenhouse Bookstore (1706 Rittenhouse Sq., 215-545-6062). "Best medical
bookstore in Philadelphia." (How many are there?) They can often
get books overnight.
Robin's Bookstore (108 S 13th, 215-735-9600). Counter-culture bookstore
from the 1960s. Still carries hard-to-find "intellectual" titles.
Large sections on minority studies and poetry. Occasional readings
and signings.
Tower Books (425 South, 215-925-9909). Usual Tower chain bookstore.
U. S. Government Bookstore (Robert Morris Building, 100 North 17th Street,
215-597-0677). "Did you know that the U. S. Government Printing
Office operates 24 bookstores across the country? ...and that they
have some of the most >ahem< unusual and interesting things you'll
find anywhere?"
University of Pennsylvania Bookstore (3729 Locust, 215-898-7595). Over
60,000 titles. Strong in linguistics, anthropology, psychology, and
sociology. "The Middle East section may be the only place in town
to by a book of Kurdish grammar."
Whodunit? (1931 Chestnut). Major mystery store, mostly used, some new,
excellent supply for Sherlockiana for those who care about such
things (like me!). Owner Art Bourgeau has also written several
books. Mon-Sat 10 AM-6:30 PM.
William H. Allen Bookseller (2031 Walnut, 215-563-3398). The epitome of
a used bookstore. Books are bought and sold. Thousands of books,
not precisely musty, but the feeling is there. The best place to
find rare used books in good condition. Large collection of books
and ancient Greece and Rome, in English as well as original
Bucks County:
Barnes & Noble (Route 611 just north of Jenkintown, 215-886-5366). Huge,
coffeebar, reading tables--nice.
Village Green (just south of the main crossroads in Doylestown, Bucks County
seat, 215-230-7610). A decent bookstore, with a nice magazine
section (including a good supply of literary/little mags), decent
SF section, and around 60K books, supposedly (though one person says
they don't seem to have 2/3s the number of books as Border's
biggest, so perhaps they have inflated the number a bit).
Chester County:
The main one is Chester County Book Company (West Chester PA (~20 miles
or 50 minutes by bus west of Philadelphia). They don't seem to turn
over their stock as much as most bookstores: there are more older books
than you usually find (at least in paperback). They have about 50% more
books than their shelves will hold; there are many stacks of books not
on shelves. CCBC is a pleasant medium-sized bookstore, always good for
something and will special order anything (so one poster says). They
have two stores, one in either of the two WC shopping centers; the
larger one is the regular store, the smaller is filled with remainders
and WCU texts. The main store is in the West Goshen Shopping Center, on
Paoli Pike/Gay Street, just west of the Paoli Pike exit from 202 and is
in the process of moving to a larger location within the shopping center
and adding a "New Orleans" style cafe.
While in the area, look for Baldwin's Book Barn, a converted barn. It
is possibly the largest used bookstore in the Philadelphia area, and it
is glorious. Exton (the next town over) has Chester Valley Old Books,
east of Exton on Route 30 between the 202/30 intersection and the 352/30
intersection. Smaller than the Book Barn, but good. Right next to the
Burger King next to campus is a little old ladies' little old books'
bookstore. Not much of a selection, but I always buy a few from them
when I'm in the area. The Downingtown Farmers' Market also has a few
used bookstores, along with stuff you just don't find in any other mall.
There is also yet another used book store in Paoli, the Book Exchange,
which is on Route 30 just west of the Paoli train station. (This is
about 15 minutes east of Exton). Rather ordinary paperbacks upstairs
but a lot of good books downstairs. Also numerous cats. They have "25
cent" paperbacks in boxes outside the front door, and they leave them
out overnight, so if you're desperate for something to read at 3 AM, you
can go get one and drop a quarter through the mail slot :-) They know
both their books and their customers very well.
And in Willow Grove is the Business and Computer Bookstore. "When
you're in the Philadelphia area, you as might as well also check out
Quantum, Borders, U Penn, Drexel U bookstores, and Lame Duck for used
science books. If `technical' includes architecture, there's
furthermore a specialty store for just that in Center City."
And Gene's in the King of Prussia Plaza, near the intersection of 202,
76 and 276. Very good selection of SF and computer books.
Subject: State College PA
The Alley Bookstore (Calder Way). Used books, better selection than the
Bookswap, but slower turnover and unreliable hours.
The Book Swap/The Comic Swap (106 S Fraser). This is the best used book
store in town.
Svoboda's Books (227 W Beaver Ave). This is the best general purpose
bookstore in town. It offers good selection, good atmosphere, and
interesting (sometimes live) background music.
Subject: Pittsburgh PA
The Bookworm (see Heads Together/Bookworm).
Borders (5 miles south on US 19, 412-835-5583). "A very good book store,
and compares well with any bookstore short of Powell's (in Portland
OR) that I've visited." It has many club meetings, and will be
starting an SF club in the near future. It does *not* have an
espresso bar, but there's a sitting area where you can read for a
long time and not be bothered, and they bring in several speakers
every month. The computer book section just (9/93) expanded by a
third. [Laurie Mann is the staff person in charge of the computer
books.] It's a ways out from Pittsburgh for someone without a car."
(A 5-minute walk after a 20-25-minute trolley ride.)
See the Detroit/Ann Arbor listing for a description of the test the
staff has to pass.
Bradlees Book Centre (downtown on Smithfield Street). Pretty good. Small
by Borders standards, but bigger than your typical mall bookstore.
City Books (1111 E Carson, 412-481-7555; on the South Side of the Monogahela
river across from downtown). Used.
Eide's Entertainment (1111 Penn Avenue, 412-261-0900). A pretty good SF
section, but smaller than a couple of years ago. They're phasing
out their new books, but seem to be keeping their used ones.
Heads Together/The Bookworm (1914 Murray Avenue, Squirrel Hill,
412-521-3700). Combination video and used book store.
Jay's Bookstall (Fifth Avenue, Oakland). Probably, overall, the best
bookstore in Pittsburgh after Borders.
Outdoor Experience (Walnut, Shadyside). The basement of this yuppie camping
store has a fine travel book section.
Pinocchio Bookstore for Children (826 S Aiken Avenue, 412-621-1323; in
Shadyside opposite the west end of Walnut St). The selection here
is far better than any in any general bookstore. (It's well-chosen
stuff for the most part, not shelf after shelf of Sweet Valley
Pinsker's Bookstore (2028 Murray Avenue, 800-JUDAISM [800-583-2476], or
412-421-3033, email Will ship
worldwide from its very extensive stock of Judaic books. Almost
definitely closed Saturday and open Sunday.
Riverrun Books (1113 E Carson, 412-481-9060; next door to City Books).
Smaller than City Books but the two put together are well worth a
Schoyers (Squirrell Hill). Large used book store. They will do searches
for obscure used books.
U. S. Government Bookstore (Room 118, Federal Building, 1000 Liberty Avenue,
412-644-2721). "Did you know that the U. S. Government Printing
Office operates 24 bookstores across the country? ...and that they
have some of the most >ahem< unusual and interesting things you'll
find anywhere?"
University of Pittsburgh Bookstore. Pretty good.
There are several more (St. Elmo's and Stonewall probably merit additions
as well). The CMU-SCS-student's Guide to Living In Pittsburgh gives a long
descriptions of the various kinds of bookstores in the area, but it's
probably more information than you want. (It would take up a whole posting
by itself, and the bookstore pickings in Pittsburgh are a good deal slimmer
than NYC or the Bay Area.)
One area possibly worth mentioning is Craig Street in Oakland between Forbes
and Fifth. While no one store stands out, there are three used bookstores
(Caliban's, Bryn Mawr, and Townsend) either on or just off this two-block
stretch; plus a comic shop (Phantom of the Attic) and a used-CD store (CD
Trader). So it can be a pleasant place for a book-browser to spend an
Other "super-stores" are due to open in the Pittsburgh area soon; for
instance, Barnes and Noble is putting one up near the Waterworks mall.
(Most of this section was contributed by John Ockerbloom
[] and Laurie Mann [].)
Subject: DE
Lambda Rising (39 Baltimore Ave, Rehoboth Beach, 302-227-6969). Gay,
lesbian, and bisexual bookstore. Cosy and friendly, with outdoor
patio. Good stock of "summer reads" for this resort town, plus
magazines, newspapers, videos, music, greeting cards, jewelry,
gifts--all with a G/L/B theme. Community bulletin board, free map
guides. Open all year; summer hours are 10AM to 12M seven days a
week; winter hours are slightly shorter.
Subject: Baltimore MD
Allen's (31st across from the 31st Street Bookstore, on the second floor).
Barnes and Noble (basement of Gilman Hall on JHU Homewood campus at 34th and
Charles). Has a wide selection of "serious" books.
Borders (115 York Road, Towson, 410-296-0791). Two stories of books,
pretty good staff, plus a place to sit and drink coffee or munch
desserts when your browsing muscles get tired. See the Detroit/Ann
Arbor listing for a description of the test the staff has to pass.
Kelmscott (25th Street between Charles and Maryland). Used.
Labyrinth SF Bookstore (2500 N Charles, 410-243-7247). Three floors of new
SF and related materials.
Lambda Rising (241 W Chase, 410-234-0069). Gay, lesbian, and bisexual
bookstore. Large stock includes new and out-of-print; search
service. Also magazines, newspapers, videos, music, greeting
cards, jewelry, gifts--all with a G/L/B theme. Community bulletin
board. Open 10AM-10PM seven days a week.
Louie's Bookstore and Cafe (Charles St near the Monument). A good, if
small, selection of arty books.
Normals (next to the 31st Street Bookstore). Used. "I think they have a
better selection of paperback literature than the remodeled Second
Second Story Books (Greenmount Ave near 33rd). Used.
31st Street Bookstore (the 400 block of 31st St). Women's books.
Tiber (25th Street between Charles and Maryland). Used.
Tales of the White Hart (down the block from Second Story books on
Greenmount). A store with decided misxed reviews. On the one hand,
one poster says, "A wide selection of new and used SF and fantasy,
but filthy and full of nasty ill-bred brats." Another adds, "The
upstairs section is completely inexcusable. I can tolerate a little
disorder, but I resent the arrogance of a business establishment
that makes no attempt to be attractive to customers." But a third
responds, "It's no worse than some other Baltimore used book stores.
She's trying to maintain a large selection on a shoestring budget.
I've always felt welcome at the White Hart, and she is kind and
considerate. The woman has an encyclopedic memory for her extensive
inventory. She also stocks an unusual collection of audio tapes and
is quite willing to let you listen to anything she has in stock.
This courtesy is almost unheard of in record and tape stores
anymore. For some of the more uncommon tapes, such as filk, she is
literally the only source in town. The only nasty ill-bred brats
I've ever encountered there were customers."
John W. Knott Jr. (8453 Early Bud Way, 301-725-7537). Often has obscure and
oddball stuff. Carries mystery, SF, and horror.
Subject: Richmond VA
Between Book Ends (1209 Hull, 804-230-3912). Old, rare and out-of-print
Americana, prints, sheet music. Tue-Sat 12N-6PM.
Biff's Carytown Bookstore (2930 W Cary, 804-359-4831). A small and eclectic
bookstore, specializing in non-fiction new books. The bookmarks
alone are worth the visit. On the same street within several blocks
are other bookstores.
ÖBook Exchange (13211 Midlothian Pike, Midlothian, 804-379-2642). When the
proprietors have recently organized their stock, this is one of the
best used bookstores in the Richmond area, but they sometimes let
their material get disordered. Large selections of many genres of
popular fiction, mainly paperback.
Book People (536 Granite Ave, 804-288-4346). An eclectic shop in a house
just off Patterson Ave, with a nice selection of new books, a
hodgepodge of old, and usually a good bargain table. Mon-Fri
9AM-9PM; Sat 9AM-7PM; Sun 1PM-5PM.
Books First (11 E Grace, 804-225-8974). This is a very handsome bookstore
with friendly proprietors, magazines, cards, cats and quick special
order services; emphasisis on literary, and serious books, and a
good children's selection. Mon-Fri 10AM-6PM; Sat 11AM-5PM.
Books Plus (7115A Staples Mill Rd, 804-262-7558). Better than average
paperback swap shop, plus some new books. Mon-Fri 10AM-6PM;
Sat 10AM-5PM.
The Bookstore (5065 Forest Hill Ave, 804-231-0599). Large general purpose
used book store in Southside neighborhood. Will do searches.
"Probably the best used paperback store in Richmond." Mon-Fria
10AM-5:30PM; Sat 10AM-5PM; Sun 1PM-5PM.
Carriage House Books (402 N Harrison, 804-353-7175). A small shop in an
old Carriage House, with an artsy selection of magazines, "creative
writing," and cards. Close to Virginia Commonwealth University.
Mon-Fri 10AM-7PM; Sat 10AM-6PM.
Collectors' Old Book Shop (15 South Fifth). The last bookshop downtown, and
a local institution specializing in Virginiana, Civil War, and with
some good selection in literature. Mon-Fri 11AM-5PM; Sat 11AM-3PM.
Eaton Books (PO Box 14628). Issues catalogues specializing in 19th-20th
Century literature and cultural studies for scholars and readers
(also contemporary poetry lists). Send $1 for catalog.
Ex-libris Books (4867 Azalea Mall, 804-262-9217). Childrens' books,
discounted computer books, African-American literature. Mon-Sat
10AM-9PM; Sun 2PM-5PM.
Fountain Book Store (1312 E Cary, Shockoes Slip, 804-788-1594). Business
books, civil war, Richmond guidebooks--located in tourist district.
Mon-Fri 10AM-8PM; Sat 11AM-9PM; Sun 12N-5PM.
Narnia Childrens Books (2927 W Cary, 804-353-5675). Long-established,
well-stocked little shop in boutique district, near Byrd movie
palace. Mon-Fri 9:30AM-6PM; Sat 10AM-5PM.
Novel Futures (402 N Robinson, 804-644-0332). A big, wide ranging SF and
fantasy store, both new and used, hardcover and paper--with related
comics and magazines. Mon-Sat 10AM-7PM.
Olde Book Shop (1551 Parham Rd, Ridge Shopping Center). A general stock
used bookstore, a bit thin on literature, but with a good selection
of cookbooks and childrens' books. Open daily.
Olde Favorites Bookshop (610 North Sheppard). Military-Civil War, SF,
mystery, and usually a good stock of literature, including some
foreign language and classics--a small but intelligently run shop
behind the Virginia Museum. Mon-Sat 10:30AM-4:30PM.
Owens Books (2728 Tinsley Dr,). The best place in town for Civil War and
WW II books. Tues-Fri 10AM-5PM; Sat 10AM-4PM and by appointment.
Books, Strings & Things (214 Draper Road, NW Blacksburg). Best bookstore in
southwest Virginia (Roanoke and vicinity). Good SF selection.
(Their trade book-buyer is an SF fan.)
Williams Corner Bookstore (Main Street Pedestrian Mall, Charlottesville VA
22901, 804-977-4858). "I've been in hundreds of bookstores, in many
places, and this is one of the best. Large, friendly--very complete
fiction, non-fiction, and poetry collections, as well as arts,
reference, hobbies, travel, and children's. Absolutely no Sidney
Sheldon or Danielle Steele in sight. Regular schedule of prose and
poetry readings, occasional book signing. Other cool shops and a
decent though yuppified coffee shop are nearby."
Book Exchange of Williamsburg (117 Colony Square Shopping Ctr, Jamestown
Road, just SE of Rt. 199). The best used paperback store in
Williamsburg (which, unfortunately, is not saying much for this
historic college town), specializing in popular paperbacks. Pretty
good selections in mystery, SF/fantasy, espionage/action, general
The Book House (421A Prince George, 804-229-3603). Small used and antique
books, mainly hardcover. There are some pretty good deals
available, despite the size. Don't trip over the large, friendly
(Most of this section was contributed by David E. Latane,
Subject: Washington DC
In the District:
Backstage Inc. (2101 21st NW at P Street, 202-775-1488). Theatre books; a
very small amount of cinema. Open Mon-Wed and Fri 10AM-6PM,
Thu 10AM-8PM .
Borders Books & Music (1801 K Street NW, on the corner of 18 & L,
notwithstanding the title, 202-466-4999). A very large branch of
Borders with more than 100,000 book titles, 50,000 music titles, and
a pretty good espresso bar. (The staff is newly hired and still
learning how to use the computer system, but the selection of books
is probably the most diverse in the District.)
Chapters Literary Bookstore (1572 K St NW, 202-347-5495). Literary stuff.
Open Mon-Fri 10AM-6PM, Sat 11AM-5PM.
Kramerbooks/Afterwords (1517 Connecticut Ave NW, 202-387-1400; cafe
202-387-1462). Smallish bookstore, but good selection and nice cafe
in the back. One says, "Very good collection of political science
and technical worksm" but another responds, "It's a nice place, but
I think the focus of this version of Kramer's is much more towards
non-political subjects. For really good political and history
selections, one needs to go to a mainline Kramer's store. The
magazine/journal selection in this particular store leaves much to
be desired--I had to go to Crown's to find the infamous "state
trooper" issue of "The American Spectator," for crying out loud.
This is really unnacceptable by DC standards. Think of
Kramerbooks/Afterwards as a place where people go to forget about
politics. Open 24 hours a day. The parent store is Sidney Kramer
Lambda Rising (1625 Connecticut Ave NW, 800-621-6969 or 202-462-6969, Gay, lesbian, and bisexual bookstore founded
in 1974. Stocks virtually every G/L/B book in print, plus a large
out-of-print and used selection; book searches welcome. Good-sized
SF and mystery sections. Also magazines, newspapers, videos, music,
greeting cards, jewelry, gifts--all with a G/L/B theme. Free
catalog issued quarterly. Community bulletin board, free guide
maps. Open 10AM-12M seven days a week.
Logic and Literature (3075 M Street, Georgetown, 202-625-1668). Used and
rare books. The best used science book selection I have ever seen,
bar none. Excellent selection of history and classical literature.
Some selection in other topics, but owner Candee Harris
deliberately emphasizes just what the name of the store would
The Map Store Inc. (Farragut Sq at 1636 Eye St NW, 202-628-2608). An
excellent source of maps, travel guides, etc.
Mystery Books (1715 Connecticut Ave NW, north of Dupont Circle, 202-483-1600
or 800-955-2279). Large selection of new mystery books, including
British titles, and substantial backstock. *Very* knowledgeable
staff. Mail, phone and fax orders accepted. Semi-annual annotated
catalogue. Signings. Signed first editions. Combination book and
food gift baskets. "I can't speak highly enough of the folks at
Mystery Books."
The Newsroom (1753 Connecticut Ave NW, 202-332-1489). A good selection
of national & international newspapers & magazines.
Olsson's Books & Records (Main store at 1239 Wisconsin Ave NW, Georgetown,
202-338-9544. Other stores 1307 19th St NW at Dupont Circle,
202-785-1133; 1200 F St NW at Metro Center, 202-347-3686;
106 S Union St, Old Town Alexandria, 703-684-0077; and 7647 Old
Georgetown Rd, Bethesda, 301-652-3366; mail order 202-337-8084;
FAX 202-342-1320). Good selection, including some hard-to-find
books. Also a music store. Will order from Books in Print, and, at
the Georgetown store, British Books in Print. Also a music store;
mainly classical. One poster says, "Not all that great, but okay.
Given the hype, I was disappointed. They are also more expensive
than Borders on most things. Music prices are just plain
outrageous, though they do sometimes have harder to find labels."
[I definitely concur, especially on the over-pricing.] But another
replies, "I really think your review is too hard on Olsson's. Try
thinking of Olsson's on Wisconsin Ave. as a Georgetown University
student bookstore, where you might find future presidents filling
their minds with trendy policy wonk literature, when they aren't
running for student body president. Seriously, Olsson's does best
by its academic offerings--most of my real treasures in the arena
of political philosophy came off Olsson's shelves--really good
stuff, but off the beaten path. For example, I learned to know
Eric Voegelin from a book I bought in Olsson's. Another example is
THE ANCIENT ECONOMY, nobody else but Olsson's would carry such an
esoteric subject (not quite "trendy" enough for Sidney Kramer, you
know). You might be able, once in a while, to find the same fare at
Borders', but it isn't as much fun finding it. I've long since
outgrown Olsson's military affairs fare. Juvenile stuff, lots of
illustrated picture books with the technical performance of WWII
aircraft. The emphasis of Olsson's shelves on the flashier aspects
of militaria--and spycraft--is, quite frankly, a bore. But that
should not negate the excellence of some of Olsson's offerings in
political history, political philosophy, and (sometimes)
international studies/regional studies. This store marches to the
beat of a different drum. Please keep in mind that I am a
Georgetown alumnus, and will admit to some degree of bias. Olsson's
in Georgetown is still really a dumpy, overcrowded store, like
Sidney Kramer's used to be before he moved to I Street."
Politics and Prose (5015 Connecticut NW at Nevada, 202-364-1919). A
full-service bookstore. Recent fiction and current affairs,
politics. Often has authors speaking.
Reiter's Scientific and Technical Bookstore (2021 K St NW). They have a
very broad stock of technical books and are also willing to do
phone and mail order worldwide at 800-537-4314 or 202-223-3327.
Open Mon-Sat 9AM-7:30PM, Sat 9:30AM-6PM, Sun 12N-5PM.
Second Story Books (chain with stores at 2000 P St NW at 20th, 202-659-8884;
12160 Parklawn Ave (their warehouse), Rockville MD, 301-656-0170;
4836 Bethesda Ave, Bethesda MD, 301-770-0477; 602 King, Alexandria
VA, 703-548-2742; and in Baltimore). Used books (and records).
"Largest selection of any of the used book stores I go to (I look
for paperback fiction and history, mostly)." Fiction
semi-alphabetized (i.e., all the "A"s are together, etc.), but SF
is not alphabetized at all. The warehouse is near the last stop on
the Red Line.
Sidney Kramer Books (1825 I St NW, 202-293-2685). "Sidney Kramer's
offerings in foreign policy/affairs, economics/monetary policy, and
military affairs are the best in the District. The competition is
tougher nowadays, and some of the prices are astronomical. No, I
take that back--ALL--the prices are astronomical. That's just the
price Sidney makes you pay to be the only kid on your block to own
the London Institute for Strategic Studies annual edition of THE
MILITARY BALANCE. I would be a pauper if I went there once a week.
My lowest bill has been sixty bucks, and I blew $120 the other day
on THE MILITARY BALANCE and an interesting book on "nonprovocative
defense". But Sidney keeps his shelves squared away--his offerings
are state-of- the-nation, cutting edge stuff. I bought my copy of
Freddy Brown's _Army in Transition II_ there. It is not a place for
last year's policy wonks, or works of simple, historical value. If
you want history, you're better off joining the History Book Club
than buying from Sidney. His military history section is, however,
superb. The Pentagon Book Store (yes--IN the Pentagon) is his only
competition in this area. Political, topical history, not so great
(You can probably find what you're looking for at either Olsson's or
Borders). This is a complaint--as magnificent as Sidney Kramer
books is in international relations, etc., his journal offerings are
terribly inadequate ... you'd be better off at Barnes and Noble's.
This is really sad, because what Washington REALLY needs is to get
more international periodicals on its shelves--the kind of offering
you would find at ever dirty train station bookstore in Europe.
Reading DER SPIEGEl or THE ECONOMIST once a week (for five bucks a
pop) is not a "good enough" solution for Americans trying to observe
the rest of the planet from the shores of the Potomac." Closes at
Super Crown (1200 New Hampshire at Massachusetts, 202-822-8331). Discount
superstore. "Well, I did find the AMERICAN SPECTATOR there. (And
picked up ALBION'S SEED in the same trip. I *am* prejudiced by the
Crown label--the not-so-super Crown chain is probably the worst I've
ever seen, far inferior even to Waldenbooks and the like. I'll
admit as a big book store, this one has some advantages, but Barnes
and Noble it ain't. Yes, yes. I *am* prejudiced against Crown."
The Trover Shop (300 block of PA Ave NW). A long, narrow store, a block
from the Capitol, densely packed with everything a policy wonk
needs: out-of-town newspapers, political tracts, directories of
lobbyists, Grisham-type fiction, etc. The famous or infamous
Democratic Leadership Council has its offices just above the Trover
U. S. Government Bookstore (U.S. Government Printing Office, 710 N. Capitol
Street NW, 202-512-0132; also 1510 H Street, NW, 202-653-5075).
"Did you know that the U. S. Government Printing Office operates 24
bookstores across the country? ...and that they have some of the
most >ahem< unusual and interesting things you'll find anywhere?"
In the suburbs:
Abe's Jewish Book and Gift Store (11250 Georgia Ave, Wheaton MD,
301-942-2237). Also known as the Jewish Bookstore of Greater
Washington. Judaica. Proprietors: Joshua & Menachem Youlus. "If
it's Jewish, we have it." "They're a delightful father/son team who
have been in the same location for many many years and have filled a
double-store front area with about every imaginable title covering
all corners of Judaica. They also stock quite a wide array of
gifts, and Jewish novelty items. I'd love to see them get as many
customers as their fine and complete inventory deserves!"
Air Land and Sea (Old Town Alexandria at 1215 King St). New and used
aeronautical, nautical, and military books, prints (and
collectibles, and other knick-knacks).
Bonifant Books (Wheaton MD at the end of the Red Line). Good used books
at decent prices. "Big store, good books. Vinyl too."
Book Alcove (15976 Shady Grove Rd, Gaithersburg MD, 301-977-9166). A large
selection at excellent prices. Many technical books.
Book Alcove (5210 Randolph Rd (Loehmann's Plaza), Rockville MD,
301-770-5590). Not quite as large a selection as their other store.
They recently closed their VA store, and were moving the inventory
here, so maybe it's better now. Not as many technical books either.
Borders (Rockville Pike in White Flint mall in Bethesda/Rockville MD).
The best. Aside from having a huge selection, it has employees who
actually know something about books. Pricey, but a great place to
hang out. See the Detroit/Ann Arbor listing for a description of
the test the staff has to pass. Recently (4/94) moved *into* the
mall from its nearby location.
Borders (Tyson's Square, 8311 Leesburg Pike, Vienna VA, 703-556-7766).
Even bigger than the Bethesda store. See the Detroit/Ann Arbor
listing for a description of their employment test.
Burke Center Used Books & Comics (5741 Burke Center Parkway, Burke VA,
703-250-5114). They have both hard and paper backs, some
role-playing game books, a lot of comics, various t-shirts and
posters. There is also a sports card shop inside.
From Out of the Past (Richmond Hwy (Route 1), Alexandria VA). Eclectic
mix of books, sometimes overpriced badly IMHO, but *the* place in
Washington to buy things like old Life magazines.
Hole in the Wall (a.k.a. Hole in the Wallet) (Falls Church VA). SF,
fantasy, and strange odds and ends.
Jeff's Baseball Corner (5222 Port Royal Rd, Springfield VA, 703-321-9209).
"Specializing in out-of-print sportsbooks, periodicals, magazines,
memorabilia" per the ad in the phone book.
McKay's Used Books (Newgate Shopping Center, Centreville VA, 703-830-4048).
They have some hard backs, mostly paperbacks. Also sell used CDs.
No new books. Starting to get into used video tapes, too.
Maryland Book Exchange (4500 College Park, College Park MD, 301-927-2510).
An above average technical/university bookstore with some used
books. Open Mon-Fri 9AM-6PM, Sat 9AM-5PM, Sun 12N-5PM.
Olde Soldier Books, Inc. (N Frederick Ave, Gaithersburg VA). Specializes
in Civil War books, in which they have a broad stock. Worth
checking on any military material for earlier wars, new (some)
or used (mainly). They also publish.
Tales Retold (near the Silver Spring Metro; Bonfiant St.). Decent SF and
horror and assorted stuff (and the owner's a great lady).
Wonder Books & Video (Frederick on W Patrick St (Route 40 W)). A large
used bookstore that I've always found well worth searching.
In Bethesda, just find one used bookstore -- each one has maps showing the
locations of all the others.
Subject: Atlanta GA
A Capella (Little Five Points). Quality used books, reasonably priced.
Book Nook (3342 Clairmont Rd, 404-633-1328). Slightly unorganized, but lots
to choose from. Both new and used books, records/CDs/tapes, comics.
Books on tape. Sell and trade. Has an excellent selection of art
and cooking books.
Book Warehouse (Buckhead, 404-237-1038). 250,000 new books. All profits go
to the Emory University cancer research center.
Books and Cases (715 Miami Circle NE, 404-231-9107 or 800-788-9107). Sell,
rent, restore and repair fine books and art. They also restore and
build bookcases.
Borders Book Shop (3655 Roswell Rd NE, 404-237-0707). Your typical Borders
book shop... has everything! Great children's section. Carries
lots of foreign-language books. Good selection of newspapers and
C Dickens/Books (3393 Peachtree Rd NE (Lenox Mall, 404-231-3825).
Specializing in used and rare books. "They've got another store in
South Carolina, I think. Prices are kind of high, but they have a
wide selection. "
Charis (Euclid St, Little Five Points). Women's books.
Civilized Traveler (Phipps Plaza, 404-264-1252). Guides, maps, videos and
travel accessories.
Construction Bookstore (1-800-253-0541). Hard-to-find technical books,
everything from architecture to engineering to real estate.
Mysterious Island (4880 Lower Roswell Rd NE, Marietta, 404-509-7600).
Hard-to-find SF and mysteries. Signed and limited editions. Also
has new and back-issue comics.
Old New York Book Shop (1069 Juniper St NE, 404-881-1285). Scholarly and
rare books. They make housecalls. Most purchases are from estate
Outwrite Books (931 Monroe Dr, 404-607-0082). Gay/lesbian/bisexual books
and periodicals, with occasional signings. Also has a coffee bar.
Oxford Bookstores (all over the place). "Oxford Bookstores are open every
single day and night late, have live music and coffee shops as well
as books, CDs, videos, posters, gifts, paperbacks, many sections of
interests and so on. *Highly* recommended for all types of
readers." Oxford Too sells used and rare books. "Next door to
Oxford Too is a coffee shop called 'Cup and Chaucer' :-)." The
Buckhead location has an art gallery.
Yesteryear Bookshop, Inc. (3201 Mapel Dr, NE, Atlanta GA 30305,
404-237-0163). They specialize in military history and Southern
history (especially Georgia), and also have modern first editions,
Civil War, architecture, art, fine bindings, etc. The staff is
incredibly helpful. They say that over 40% of their business is
out-of-state, so I'm pretty sure you can order from them by mail.
(Most of this section was contributed by Jull Butterfield Gostin
Subject: Miami FL
Alpha Libreria (2710 SW 8th, 305-642-0654). Spanish-language New Age
Barnes & Noble (7710 N Kendall). Superstore.
Books & Books (296 Aragon Ave, Coral Gables, 305-442-4408; 933 Lincoln Rd,
Miami Beach, 305-532-3222). Largest independent in the area.
Coral Gables location has floor-to-ceiling bookcases in a
5000-square-foot store with a fine gallery. Miami Beach
store is smaller and has a funky feel.
Books of Paige's (North Miami). "Best used book store."
Bookworks II (6935 Red Rd, Coral Gables, 305-661-5080). New books, maps,
magazines, and cards.
Borders Bookshop (9205 S Dixie). Supposed to have a large, good,
superstore selection.
Downtown Book Center (247 SE 1st, 305-377-9939; 215 NE 2nd Ave,
305-377-9938). The 1st Street store specializes in technical and
reference titles and foreign-language books (particularly
Spanish--what a surprise :-) ). The 2nd Avenue store sells used
books and textbooks. There is also a new store in Key Biscayne.
Grove Bookworm (3025 Fuller, Coconut Grove, 305-443-6411). Also sells
magazines, local crafts, and cards.
A Kid's Book Shoppe (1849 NE Miami Gardens Dr, North Miami Beach,
305-937-2665). Children's books. Has 10,000 titles as well as
related toys, cassettes, and videos.
Lambda Passages (7545 Biscayne Blvd, 305-754-6900). Gay/lesbian/bisexual
bookstore, featuring books, music, videos, newspapers, cards, and
Liberties Fine Books & Music (309 Plaza Real, Boca Raton, 407-368-1300).
Largest independent bookstore in South Florida, with 13,000 square
feet and 100,000 titles, sheet music, CDs and cassettes, newspapers
and magazines, a capuccino bar, and various readings and signings.
Libreria Distruidora Universal (3090 SW 8th, 305-642-3234). Spanish-
language bookstore which specializes in books by and about Cubans
and Cuba. They also publish a line of books.
A Likely Story (5740 Sunset Dr, South Miami, 305-667-3730). Children's
books, etc. In the same location for fifteen years.
La Moderna Poesia (5246 SW 8th, 305-446-9884). Originally founded in Cuba
in the 19th Century. General Spanish-language bookstore.
Waldenbooks & More (11190 N Kendall; 1648 NE 163rd, North Miami).
Fort Lauderdale:
All Books & Records (917 N Federal, Ft Lauderdale, 305-761-8857; 416 E
Oakland Park Blvd, Wilton Manors, 305-537-4899). Used books,
records, tapes, CDs. Good.
BookStop (5975 N Federal, Ft Lauderdale, 305-491-2446; 801 S University Dr,
Plantation, 305-370-2456; 8903 Glades Rd, Boca Raton, 407-479-2114).
Discount superstores.
Robert A Hittel Bookseller (3020 N Federal, Ft Lauderdale, 305-563-1752).
Archetypical dusty used and rare book shop, books stacked floor to
ceiling, 3 floors.
Other "surburbs":
Barnes & Noble (645 University Dr, Coral Springs, 305-753-6650).
Waldenbooks & More (University Dr just N of Oakland Pk Blvd, Sunrise). Much
better selection than typical mall version.
Subject: Charleston WV
Trans-Allegheny Books (118 Capitol, 304-345-0911; also 725 Green,
Parkersburg, 304-422-4499). "A used bookstore that is especially
good that I've found here in West Virginia." General stock of used
books (half a million). Largest selection of Appalachian regional
books in "one" place. New stock, special order, book search
service, mail order. "I've been told that there are several such
stores in Morgantown near WVU, but I haven't been there." The
Parkersburg store is housed in a Carnegie Library and is
on the national registry. Open Mon-Sat 10AM-6PM.
Subject: Cleveland OH
Baluk's (Center Ridge Road & Westwood Road, 216-871-5122). Relatively small
store with a nice selection of new paperbacks and a great selection
of magazines. You'll find magazines here that you didn't even know
existed. They have a limited selection of hardcovers, but if you're
after a recent best-seller, you'll probably find it. This
multi-purpose store also has a video rental store and a card/gift
Barnes & Noble Bookstore (Mayfield Road a bit west of I-271, 216- 473-1040;
Chagrin Boulevard & Lee Road, 216-295-1600). These two new stores
are essentially clones of your standard B&N superstore. They're
both very nice, full-service stores with a full complement of
magazines as well. Discounts on virtually all hardcovers.
Occasional specials. It's a bit of a mystery as to why both stores
exist, at least in the locations they do, since they are no more
than twenty minutes apart and are also within fifteen minutes of
both Booksellers at Pavilion and Borders at LaPlace (both of which
were there first). Thus Greater Cleveland's four largest book
superstores are all within a few miles of each other on the East
Side. The powers-that-be must think that those of us on the West
and South Sides don't read. :-)
Body Language Bookstore (3291 W 115th, 216-251-3330). Gay/lesbian/bisexual.
Booksellers (Pavilion Mall, 216-831-5035; Westwood Town Center,
216-333-7828; Shaker Square, 216-751-9100) and Young Readers by
Booksellers (Pavilion Mall, 216-831-5035; Westwood Town Center,
216-333-7828, Great Northern Shopping Center, 216-979-3000).
Cleveland's "home-grown" bookstores. The Pavilion Mall store is a
very large, full-service store that is the granddaddy of Cleveland's
book superstores. They have a small cafe inside, a large selection
of magazines, and a reasonable selection of out of town newspapers.
The Pavilion store is tied with Borders at LaPlace as the best
bookstore in Cleveland. (They are also less than ten minutes apart
from one another!) The stores at Westwood Town Center and Shaker
Square are a bit smaller and don't have the cafe, magazines, or
newspapers. All are great for browsing and relaxing. The staffs
are excellent. Discounts on many titles. Free gift wrapping.
Regular live readings/music. The Young Readers stores are
physically separate stores specializing in children's books. They
also have an impressive selection of titles.
Bookstore on West 25th (six steps down from the West Side Market). Used and
new. The kind of place where the best finds are in the stacks lying
on the floor waiting to be shelved. Best theatre section of any
non-chain bookstore in the area. Good lesbian/gay/bisexual section
Borders Book Shop (LaPlace at Beachwood Place, 216-292-2660). Typical
Borders: Very large, full-service store. Small cafe inside.
Another store that is great for browsing and relaxing. They have a
large selection of magazines, and a reasonable selection of
out-of-town newspapers. They are tied with Booksellers at Pavilion
as the best bookstore in Cleveland. The staff is excellent.
Discounts on many hardcover titles. Regular live readings/music.
See the Detroit/Ann Arbor listing for a description of their
employment test.
Brentano's Bookstore (The Galleria, 216-621-7544). Typical Brentano's
Bookstore, but the only one in Cleveland.
Cleveland State University Bookstore (2400 Euclid Avenue at CSU). A B&N
bookstore. They have a lot of textbooks you wouldn't find at the
B&N superstores, but their selection of non-textbooks is a pale
imitation of what you'll find at those stores.
Doubleday Book Shop (The Avenue, 216-621-6880). Typical Doubleday Book
Shop, but the only one in Cleveland.
The Flying Lemur (13743 Madison, Lakewood, 216-221-2535). Self-described
as "Strange and unusual books ... Cleveland's most unusual
bookstore. It had to happen, finally a cool place to hang out in
Cleveland. The Lemur promises to have the most unique selection of
books in Cleveland ... and possibly the U.S. Want to know how to
take over your own country? How to make a living donateing yourself
to science? ... and a giant flying lemur. Poetry, sex, violence,
drugs, we got it all. Come check out our new fun-fur chairs. And
... in-store piercing by body piercer Scott Patterson, with over 5
years experience and just an all around great guy. Clean, safe,
professional, We would settle for nothing less. Come in and see
his portfollio and he'll be glad to answer any questions you may
have. He also be just as eager to discuss the meaning of life and
the existence of God. So come in and check us out. Have a sojo
soda or some Sioux City sarsparilla from the cow fridge. (Sorry no
Big-K ... yet.)" [I hope someone locally can give me a more
coherent description.]
Half Price Books (Warrensville and Van Aken Boulevards). Chain of
half-price new and used books is a godsend. "Not your average
superstore outlet but really great finds at unbeatable prices, even
at half price, I can't help but spend $50 each time I go. The
favorite bookstore of all my college-age friends who can't afford
splurges at Borders or Booksellers."
John Wallace Skinner's Americana (Caxton Bldg., downtown). Not too
impressive in the way of vintage books, but a neat collection of
art, posters, and stuff that this very interesting man has collected
over a lifetime. You may be the only person in his little emporium
all day. Go just for the conversation.
John Zubal (W 25th). "This must be the largest bookstore in the country."
[I doubt that--see Powell's in Portland.] A warehouse of rare and
collectible books. Pricey, but what do you expect?
Macs Backs Paperbacks (1820 Coventry Rd). It has a few new books and a lot
of used paperbacks (a few used hardbacks). All genres of fiction.
Occasional events such as poetry readings are held there, and a lot
are advertised there.
Three Ninety-Seven Bookshop (1127 Euclid Ave, 216-781-1666). Used
hardbacks, all $3.97. Open Mon-Fri 10:30AM-3PM.
(Most of this section was contributed by Greg Naples,
Subject: Akron OH
Booksellers (West Market Plaza in Akron, 216-666-8838). Ohios's
"home-grown" bookstores. Great for browsing and relaxing. The
staff is excellent. Discounts on many titles. Free gift wrapping.
Regular live readings/music. The Young Readers stores are
physically separate stores specializing in children's books. They
also have an impressive selection of titles.
Buckeye Bookstore (Brittian Road, 216-794-2455). All types of books.
Hours are 4 PM--9 PM.
Savoy Books (500 W Exchange St, 216-253-8252). "SF/Fantasy/Horror/some
Schoolhouse Antiques (500 W Exchange). Akron has two used book stores
in the building and there is another just accross Exchange street.
One specializes in hardcover editions and is a phenomenal book store
to see, twelve foot shelves on the walls and antique book shelves on
the floor. The selections at the three complement each other well,
you can find almost any catagory at at least one of the three. One
of the three is closed Mondays and Tuesdays.
Subject: Bowling Green OH
Grounds for Thought (174 South Main, 419-354-3266). Coffee shop (they roast
their own!) and used bookshop. They specialize in used paperbacks
and their strong sections (titles) are Sf, mysteries, social
sciences, and psychology. Some first editions are available. They
welcome inquiries and they offer their stock of new titles at
typically 15% off cover price and will do book orders. The general
manager, Louie Staeble, is an avid bibliophile and a great joy to
chat with.
Pauper's Books (206 North Main, 419-352-2163). Leo Schifferli, the owner,
has amassed a huge collection of used paperback and hardcover books
that literally fills every available space in the shop. He has a
vast selection in just about every category imaginable and welcomes
inquiries. Leo offers a 10% discount on most new books and orders
and special orders are always welcome. Pauper's is also the place
for "strange change" as Leo is in the habit of making change on
customer's purchases with $2 bills and Susan B. Anthony $1 coins.
Of course, Bowling Green also has the standard walden Books at the local
mall as well as a branch of SBX (Student Book Exchange), Bee Gee Bookstore
(no it isn't a bookstore dedicated to the Brothers Gibb) and the BGSU
Campus Bookstore. SBX and Bee Gee Bookstore are primarily new and used
(Most of this section was contributed by Eric A. Beatty,
Subject: Columbus OH
Barnes & Noble (E Main, Whitehall).
Book Loft of German Village (631 S 3rd).
The Bookworm (?) (on Woodruff, right off N High). "Located in the basement
of a church, this place is open only two days a week, Wednesdays and
Thursdays from 10-2, I think. Small place--small selection of
stuff--usually the same stuff--but they have the books arranged in
neat subjects like "Dog Stories" and "Occult." Plus, older women
sit and run the place and it's interesting to hear them converse
with each other. I have found some very good books here that cost
only 25 or 50 cents. "
The British Papermill (5891 Scarborough Mall, Brice Road and I-70,
614-577-0220, 614-491-1128). Collector cards (especially SF),
comics, used magazines of SF nature. Lots of (non-sport) collector
cards. Will take toy soldiers in trade. SF odds and ends (e.g.,
Daleks are next to ALF trading cards).
Discount Paperback Center (1646 N High). A very small place in the bottom
of a building. "There's nothing really great about this place, but
one will find always find what they are looking for in the oddest
of places. This place has old books, comic books, and some new
books. The type of store to check out every six months or so...."
Fan the Flames. Women's books.
Karen Wickliff Books (2579 N High). "Similar to Pengywyn Books, many used
books--most look like they've been sitting there for quite a while."
Long's Book Store (1836 N High). "This store is mainly visited by the
freshmen crowd. Somewhere between the textbooks and the OSU
t-shirts, there apparently are some regular books. As a personal
rule, I avoid this place, probably because I don't like putting my
bookbag in their little lockers."
The Newsstand (Broad & James Rd, 614-236-5632). Has one of the largest
selections of newspapers and magazines in the Central Ohio area.
Also, a general book store which sells new books. Not a huge
selection, but willing to special order. A great store to browse
Nickleby's. "More for the cafe."
Pengwyn Books Ltd (2500 N High). "A used book store that's open '8 days a
week.' Many many books. Um, one may find some good stuff here. I
think most of it is overpriced, but I say that about anything. Try
this place."
SBX (1805 N High). "In addition to textbooks, they also have "regular"
books. A while ago, they used to have a lot of these regular books,
but then someone determined they were losing money that way so they
got rid of many of them. Still, they have new releases and an okay
selection of stuff - but their stock decreases every second."
Village Bookshop (2424 W Dublin-Granville in Worthington, 614-889-2674).
Remainders of all kinds. Two rooms of used books, rest remainders.
"About half the staff know where things are; the other half are
cashiers only. There are books piled everywhere in this ex-church.
Good prices, especially for books with artwork. Damaged books
section. polite staff, non-intrusive. Comfortable chairs to rest
and read in. Shelves not alphabetized"
Wexner Center Bookstore (in the Wexner Center). A large assortment of new
art books.
Subject: Dayton OH
Books & Co. (350 E Stroop Rd, in the Town and Country Shopping Center in the
center of Kettering, 513-298-6540, 800-777-4881, FAX 513-298-7895).
"Wide selection of books, very large children's section, business
and computer book rooms, obscure titles and authors, workers
recommendation shelves in several topical areas, an in-store cafe
serving desserts and gourmet coffees, childrens reading hours on
weekends, average of eight acoustic music shows a month, special
readings by guest authors, special events like cooking, magic, kid's
summer reading program, couple's night, several book signing events
with talks by the authors each month,art exhibits, seminars. They
even had a decoy-carving workshop in this month. All in all an
excellent place to spend an entire day, days even! Sorry to run on,
but this is a *great* bookstore with one of the most competent
staffs I have seen in many years." Open Mon-Sat 9AM-9PM,
Sun 9AM-6PM.
Books & Co. (19 East Second, 513-222-6622). Another branch of the above.
"It is quite a bit smaller than that store, but I am sure provides
the same excellent service.
Subject: Cincinnati OH
Acres of Books (owner is presently looking for a new location). Mostly
humanities, social science. Some nice 19th Century stuff (when
Cincinnati was a major publishing town). Slightly pricey.
Aquarius Bookshop (831 Main, 513-721-5193). Native American.
Armchair Adventures (1545 1/2 Scott, Covington KY, 606-261-6345). Used and
antiquarian. Open Wed and Sat 2PM-6PM; other hours by chance or
Barnes & Noble (7727 Kenwood Road, across from Kenwood Town Centre,
513-984-9599). Open Mon-Sat 9AM-11PM, Sun 11:30AM-9PM.
Blue Marble (3054 Madison Rd, Oakley, on the square, 513-731-2665).
Children's books. Open Mon-Fri 10AM-8PM, Sat 10AM-5PM, Sun 12N-4PM.
Book Inn (4011 Allston, Oakley Sq, 513-631-4079). Used and antiquarian.
Open Mon and Wed 12N-5PM, Tue, Thu, and Sat 1PM-9:30PM, Sun 1PM-6PM.
Books & Co. (Town & Country Shopping Center, 350 E. Stroop Rd at Far Hills,
513-298-6540 or 800-7770-4881). Ten thousand titles (not books!),
lots of everything. Call to place order (no charge). Mon-Sat
9AM-9PM daily (until 11PM Fri & Sat during the summer), Sun 9AM-6PM.
(Take 75 north to 675 north. Exit 4B (Rt48 north) then north on 48
(Far Hills) about four miles to the Town & Country Shopping Center
(on right). Exit 4 is a double exit, the first one puts you on Alex
Bell (St Rt 725), the second on northbound 48. 725 connects to 48,
so if you take the wrong one it's no big deal.)
Brentano's Bookstore (Tower Place, 513-723-9656; Kenwood Town Centre,
Kenwood, 513-891-2141; Tri-County Mall, Springdale, 513-671-5441).
Open Mon-Sat 10AM-9PM, Sunday 12N-6PM.
Children's Bookery (1175 Smiley Ave, Forest Park, 513-742-8822). Open
Mon-Sat 10AM-8:30PM, SUn 12N-5PM.
Contemporary Arts Center Bookstore (115 East Fifth Street, 513-241-4428).
Art books, unusual gifts, prints, and craft items. Open Mon-Sat
10:30AM-5:30PM, Sun 1PM-5PM.
Drew's Bookshop (3526 Edwards Road, Hyde Park, on the square,
513-321-4000). Art, gift, general, university and small press.
Open Mon-Sun 10AM-9PM.
DuBois Book Store (321 Calhoun, Clifton, 513-281-4120). New and used
Dust Jacket (3200 Lindwood Ave, 513-871-4224). Used and antiquarian. Open
Mon and Sat 12N-5PM, Wed and Thu 1PM-8PM,Fri 10AM-3PM.
Duttenhofer's Books and News (214 W McMillan, Clifton, 513-381-1340). Used
books and antiquarian. Large SF and mystery sections
When I was there, it had the best selection of used books in French
I had ever seen (though they said this was unusual). This and
Kaldi's are "must-visit"s for book lovers. Open Mon-Fri 10AM-9PM,
Sat-Sun 8:30AM-7PM.
For the Love of Books (4331 Winston Ave in Latonia Center, Covington KY,
606-261-5515). Used books. Large SF, horror, and mystery sections.
Half Price Books (8118 Montgomery Road, Kenwood; 11389 Princeton Road,
Springdale, 513-772-1511). Used and remainders, good prices. Open
Mon-Sat 10AM-10PM, Sun 11AM-7PM.
Infinity (110 W McMillan, Clifton Heights, 513-751-7793). SF and comics.
Kaldi's Bookstore and Coffeeshop (1204 Main Street, 513-241-3070). Used
books, coffee, sandwiches in the up-and-coming Main Street Art
District. Good paperback SF and mystery sections. Entertainment on
weekend evenings. This and Duttenhofer's are "must-visit"s for book
lovers. Open Mon 10AM-2:30PM, Tue-Thu 10AM-1AM, Fri-Sat 10AM-2AM,
Sun 10AM-12M.
Little Professor Bookstore (Forest Fair Mall [NW side of the city, on
outerbelt], 513-671-9797; Montgomery Square Mall [where I-71 crosses
Montgomery Rd]). Worth mentioning due to their sheer size and
because they sell used library books. Open Mon-Sat 10AM-9PM, Sun
McMicken Street Book Store (454 W McMicken, 513-621-4865). An incredible
used bookstore. Four stories of books in an old row house. Low
prices, homey atmosphere, interesting owner (have him give you a
brief tour of the layout your first time), relaxing music, easy to
have the afternoon slip by. Don't let the neighborhood scare you.
Open Thu 4PM-6PM, Sat 1PM-6PM, Sun 12N-4PM (but always call for
current hours--they change frequently).
Milford Emporium (200 Main, Milford, 513-248-1864). Used and antiquarian.
Open Mon, Tue, Thu-Sat 11AM-5PM (closed Wed and Sat).
New World Bookshop (336 Ludlow Avenue, Clifton, 513-861-6100).
Specializing in small press, new age, fiction, poetry, and art.
Also sells Birkenstocks, cards, and cassette tapes. Open Mon-Thu
10AM-9PM, Fri-Sat 10AM-10PM, Sun 12N-6PM.
Ohio Book Store, Inc. (726 Main, 513-821-5142). Five floors of used books.
Great history section. They also do book binding. A good store to
browse in. Open Mon-Sat 9AM-4:45PM.
Phantasy Emporium (117 Calhoun, Clifton, 513-281-0606). New and used
SF and comics.
Queen City Books (39 E 7th, 513-721-2116). Small, but surprisingly
literary selection.
Seven Hills Books (49 Central, 513-851-6030).
Significant Books & Stamps (3053 Madison Rd, Oakley Sq, 513-321-7567). Used
and antiquarian. Open Tue and Thur 12N-9PM, Mon, Fri, and Sat
T & S Books (1545 Scott, Covington KY, 606-261-6435). Used and antiquarian.
Open Tue and Sat 10AM-5PM, Wed and Fri 10AM-8PM, Thu 10AM-6PM,
Sun 12N-5PM (closed Mon).
Willisonian Institute (1609 Chase Ave, 513-542-5231). Used and antiquarian.
Open Wed-Fri 1PM-6PM.
Brentano's in Tower Place, the Contemporary Arts Center Bookstore, Kaldi's,
the Ohio Book Store, and Queen City Books, are within walking distance of
the convention center.
(Thanks to Scott Kellicker ( for most of this
Subject: KY
Hallmark Store (Lincoln Trail, Radcliffe). "Has a really excellent set of
offerings in the area of military history (Radcliffe is just outside
Fort Knox). It is almost as good as Sidney Kramer in this area,
which of course is the highest level of praise I can render to a
commercial non-fiction store. It doesn't come up to the Pentagon
Book Store, but does give the Armor School Bookstore (in the "little
PX" back of Boudinot Hall) a run for its money."
Hawley Cooke Booksellers (Bardstown Road, Louisville; Shelbyville Road,
Saint Matthews). "Larger mid-sized stores (not much smaller than
Joseph-Beth). One of Hawley Cooke's hallmarks is a very fine
periodical section. Lots of newspapers from around the country,
foreign language magazines and newspapers--you can often find DER
SPIEGEL and DIE ZEIT, as well as French and Spanish mags. Hawley
Cooke has a very good balance between fiction and non-fiction. Very
strong new release section, has some depth, not just the New York
Times bestseller list. On the history/political science end, I
would say that Hawley Cooke is competitive with DC stores. It
doesn't have the insiders' latest pubs like Sidney Kramer's
does--but there really *is* only *one* Sidney Kramer's in the whole
wide world. During my various stints at Fort Knox, Hawley Cooke has
kept me tied in with the disciplines, though. Its offerings tend to
be oriented on academic fare, rather than policy analysis or
"popular" history. Hawley Cooke knows the books the Louisville
elite "needs" to read to compete intellectually with the really big
cities, and stocks its shelves accordingly. Nice childrens'
section; they do storytelling on Saturdays."
Joseph-Beth Booksellers (Lexington Green Mall, 3319 Nicholasville Road,
Lexington KY, 606-273-3911, in KY 800-248-6849). "Kentucky's
largest bookstore, Joseph-Beth stocks in excess of 100,000 titles.
In addition, a recent expansion had incorporated a travel agency
office in their travel books section and a cafe next to their
cookbook section. Their children's section has expanded to take up
the storefront next oor (which is connected to the main store).
They also boast a fairly arge classical music on CD section.
Special services include mail order and frequent autographings (in a
recent one-week period they had autographings by Phyllis George,
Mary Higgins Clark, Anne Rice, and Naomi Judd). Keep up the good
(See also Cincinnati OH listings for stores in Covington KY.)
Subject: Toledo OH
Thackeray's Books (in Westgate Village Shopping Center, at the corner of
Central and Secor, 419-537-9259). "A quite nice bookstore in one
of the outer parts of Toledo, Thackeray's has a pretty good
selection of all book categories, and will do special orders. Their
computer and travel sections are excellent; the store even carries
some shareware. Thackeray's offers a 30% discount on books on the
New York Times bestsellers list, and usually has some rather good
discount deals on books in the front of the store. Also has a
decent magazine section and carries some out-of-state newspapers
(NYT, Washington Post, Chicago Tribune). Their ad says "Toledo's
most complete bookstore", and they do their best to live up to
Subject: Detroit MI
Barnes & Noble (NE corner of Rochester Rd and Auburn, Rochester). Also a
full-service store, and is also excellent, but not up to Borders'
standard. The first "super-store."
Borders Book Shop (31150 Southfield Rd at 13 Mile, Birmingham).
Full-service, store for new books. Large selection also of
magazines, out of town and foreign newspapers. This is the
premiere book store of SE Michigan. The staff is also excellent.
Borders Books and Music (Novi Town Center, on the south side of I-96 at the
Novi Rd exit, just west of the I-275/I-696 interchange). They have
added a rather sizeable music department in the process of moving
across the parking lot from their old location. It also has a
cappucino bar, something you don't see much of in the Midwest. The
book section is now comparable in size to that of the Birmingham
Borders Books and Music (4590 Utica Park Blvd, at Van Dyke Highway and Hall
Road (20-mile), Utica, 810-726-8555). This is the newest Borders to
the Detroit area. About the same as the one in Novi with both books
and music, and includes a nice coffee & sandwich bar. Lots of
everything. Knowledgeable staff. Free gift wrapping. Open
Mon-Thu 9AM-10PM; Fri-Sat 9AM-11PM; Sun 11AM-8PM.
John K. King Books (901 W Lafayette at the Lodge freeway). The largest
bookstore in Michigan sells only used books. A four-story warehouse
with hundreds of thousands of books. "A bibliophile's wet dream
come true. Hardcovers range from $2-$6. Also has many large
collections of matching sets (encyclopedias, DIY collections,
classics, etc.) Magazines and records too. (In fact, they even have
a room with some antique collectibles.) If you're in town for a
conference, this is the place to go when you decide to skip the
keynote address. Walking distance (although a bit long) from Cobo
Convention Center. There's also a branch store in Ferndale (near
north suburb) on Woodward just south of 9 Mile at 22524 Woodward.
This store seems to carry lots of hardcover classics that would
appeal to the more timid suburbanites who have forgotten their flak
jackets and don't want to go to Detroit. (But the *big* store is
worth the trip.)"
Waldenbooks (Plymouth Rd between Merriman and Middlebelt, Livonia). "Worthy
of mention, though they do suffer a little from the problem with
most national chain bookstores, in that they are a little skimpy in
the less common fields of interest."
Ann Arbor:
Afterwords (Main just north of Liberty). Specializes in publisher's
remainders. "Stock varies, naturally, but I usually find something
I want whenever I go in."
Aunt Agatha's Bookshop (213 South Fourth Ave, 313-769-1114). Specializing
in mysteries and crime fiction.
Barnes & Noble (corner of Washtenaw and Huron Parkway)). Opened November
1993. 25,000 square feet, including books, magazines, software,
video games, and espresso bar. Lotsa discount books too. Nice
Books in General (322 South State, 313-769-1250). The best store in town
for used technical books. It's a second floor space with a very
small sign.
Borders (in Campus Corner on State St. near the corner of Liberty). The
*first* Borders. Two stories, in an old building with lots of great
cubby holes and a huge selection. Feels much more like an old
library than a store. Better than the Birmingham store for academic
titles, and does have the best foreign language section of all the
Borders. In June 1994 Borders will be moving across the street
into the old Jacobson's department store. Current estimates are
that, out of the 100,000 square feet available in the building,
45,000 will be used as retail space (at least equal to the largest
existing Borders store and four times the size of this Borders
current location, and will include an espresso bar), and 20,000 as a
training center for Borders employees. It may be another year
before the move is complete, but this is going to be a *good*
bookstore. It will be called Borders Books & Music and stock 50,000
CDs and 8000 videotapes in addition to books. The staff in all
Borders has to pass a literature test before they are hired. "The
test is a list of books and you have to write the name of the
authors beside them. Another part of the test lists books and you
have to say where in the store you'd find the books (fiction,
anthropology, etc.). And, finally, there's a little math on the
David's Books (Liberty just west of State, downtown). A second-floor shop of
used books.
Dawn Treader (Liberty a couple of blocks west of State, downtown). Used
Little Professor (Stadium and Maple in Westgate shopping center). Yet
another superstore. One of the two best newsstands in town.
Has armchairs and a fireplace in the back of the store.
Shaman Drum Bookshop (313 South State, 313-662-7407). Specializing in books
about the humanities.
Webster's (Plymouth Rd. near Huron in a shopping center). A superstore.
Wooden Spoon (Fourth north of Ann). "Recently (fall 93) changed ownership
when the original owner retired. The new owner owns one or two
other used book stores (as opposed to used bookstores), and just
finished a clearance sale to make room for some remodeling. No
idea how the new stock will look."
"Ann Arbor now has major bookstores near every part of town. Downtown
has Borders and Community Newscenter. Little Professor is on the west
side of town, Barnes and Noble on the east, and Websters on the north.
Those on the south side have to make do with Borders, Doubleday, and
Waldenbooks. :-)"
Someone else reports that they read somewhere recently the statistic that
Ann Arbor has five times the national average of bookstores per capita.
Also, Windsor, Ontario, is right across the border from Detroit, and
bookstores in Canada carry British editions of books that are
unavailable in the US. You can get to Windsor from downtown Detroit by
taking the tunnel bus, which runs every half hour and costs $1.50. You
have to pass through customs so be sure to bring some ID. All of these
bookstores are within easy walking distance of the bus stop at the
tunnel exit.
Subject: Indianapolis IN:
Borders Bookshop (5612 Castleton Corner Lane, 317-849-8660). Typical
superstore. See the Detroit/Ann Arbor listing for a description of
the test the
staff has to pass.
Murder and Mayhem (6412 Carrollton Ave, 317-254-8273). Mysteries, one
South Bend, IN
The Griffon Bookstore (121 E Colfax, 219-287-5533). New and used books,
SF, mysteries, philosophy and theology. Also military and
role-playing games, cards, and gifts.
Subject: Chicago IL
Hyde Park Area:
57th Street Bookstore (1301 E 57th at Kimbark, 312-684-1300). This is a
general branch of the Seminary Co-op. Very good children's book
section, and a nice collection of fiction, SF, and mysteries.
See Seminary Co-op for membership program details. Open Mon-Thu
10AM-10PM, Fri-Sat 10AM-11PM, Sun 10AM-8PM.
Ex-Libris Theological Books (1340 E 55th, next to Louis Kiernan,
312-955-3456). Specializing in theological and rare books. Open
Mon-Sat 12N-6PM.
Krochs & Brentano's (53rd & Lake Park).
Louis Kiernan Books (1342 E 55th at Kenwood, 312-752-2555). Reasonable
collection of used. A little smaller than both O'Gara and Powell's
but still worth a look. Open 1PM-?.
O'Gara and Wilson (1311 E 57th bewteen Kimbark and Woodlawn, near the
Medici, 312-363-0993). As organized as Powell's is labyrinthine,
but also good. Oldest bookstore in Chicago. Older books, loosely
alphabetized, some sparse coverage, good history, Macintosh store
with good prices. Open Mon-Sat 9AM-10PM, Sun 12N-10PM.
Powell's (with one store at 1501 E 57th at Harper, one at 2850 N Lincoln
north of Diversey, and a warehouse at 828 S Wabash; 312-955-7780,
312-248-1444, 312-341-0748). Large, superior quality, very pricey,
some sections not alphabetized, good technical philosophy, restroom.
May or may not be a branch or the parent of the famous Portland, OR
store (opinions differ). Open seven days 9AM-11PM.
Scholars Bookstore (1379 E 53rd, 312-288-6565). New books. Small Asian
store. Very few English titles.
Seminary Cooperative Bookstore (Chicago Theological Seminary (5757 S
University Avenue at 58th, 800-777-1456, 312-752-1959). "Has a good
theological section but its only connection with the Seminary is
that it rents space from them. It is, in my opinion, the best
academic bookstore in the social sciences and humanities in the
world, for English-language books at any rate. Anyone can shop
there, but members receive a 10% discount on most books and may
special-order books from anywhere in the world. Membership costs
$30 (for three shares of stock). Members also receive an annual
dividend and an additional rebate on their total annual expenditures
(in good years; recently finances have been tight), and if they
really want to, they can cancel their membership and cash in their
stock after owning it for a year. To join, show up between 8:30 AM
and 5 PM, Monday-Friday. They will ship worldwide. Service is
somewhat slow since they use U.S.P.S. book rate to keep costs down.
"Books arrive well-packaged and I've never gotten a damaged one."
Open Mon-Fri 8:30AM-9:00PM, Sat 10AM-6PM.
University of Chicago Bookstore (970 E 58th at Ellis, 312-702-7712).
General books downstairs, slightly academic tilt, but reasonable
general section. One of the best technical/scientific bookstores
in the Chicago area. Very strong math, science, and computer
science sections. Open Mon-Fri 8:30AM-4:30PM (textbooks), Mon-Sat
Another Used Book Store (22 W Chicago Ave Ste 1 East, Naperville,
708-355-1155). Small. Cockateel.
Aspidistra (2630 N Clark, 312-549-3129). HUGE warehouse of used and some
new books. Cheap. Seems to be declining, is now badly disordered,
and shabby. Open Mon-Sat 11AM-9PM, Sun 12N-7:30PM. (Also at
3250 N Lincoln.)
Barbara's Bookstore (3130 North Broadway, 312-477-0411; 1350 N Wells,
312-642-5044 in Oldtown across the street from the adult theaters
and bookstores; 1800 N Clybourn, 312-664-1113; 1100 Lake Street,
Oak Park 708-848-9140).
Barnes & Noble (1S550 Rt. 83, Oakbrook Terrace 708-571-0999; yes, that's the
letter 'S' in that address, not a 5; 659 W Diversey 312-871-9004;
1701 Sherman, Evanston 708-328-0883). (The one in Evanston is
just down the block from Kroch's & Brentano's, which is almost
directly across the street from Crown Discount Books, which is just
a little north of Bookman's Alley!) Tens of thousands of books,
coffee bars, and places to sit and browse. They seem aimed at
the general reader -- extensive selection but nothing too technical.
Lots of general science, for example, but not many professional
Dan Behnke (2463 N Lincoln, 312-404-0403). Small, but very orderly and good
quality. Computer inventory. Open Mon-Sat 12N-10:30PM, Sun 12N-7PM.
Book Adventures (3705 N Southport, 312-477-4725).
Bookman's Corner (2959 N Clark, 312-929-8298). "Cluttered, somewhat varied,
cheap! Unable to examine all of the philosophy stacked on the floor
because of no room to shift the piles! Rapid turnover of new
materials." Open Mon-Sat 12N-8:30PM, Sun 12N-6PM.
Books & Bytes (815 E Ogden Ave, Naperville 708-416-0102). Technical books,
heavy emphasis on computers and computing. (Bell Labs has a big
facility in Naperville.)
Books on Belmont (614 W Belmont, 312-528-BOOK). Fairly small, fair
selection, not much old material, bland philosophy, many
mis-filings. Cat. Open Mon-Fri 1PM-9PM, Sat 1PM-8PM, Sun 12N-6PM.
Booksellers Row (North side: 2445 N Lincoln and downtown: 408 S Michigan;
312-348-1170 and 312-427-4242). Used books. North side is larger
selection, but pricey. Has library ladders. One downtown is very
easy to get to (next to Artists Cafe and Fine Arts Theater), neater,
newer books, lots of arts and social sciences,
Borders Bookshop (1600 W 16, near Rte 83, in the Oaks shopping center in
Oakbrook (1/2 mile north of the Oak Brook mall), which is across the
street from Oakbrook Shopping Center, 708-574-0800). Nice store
(two levels). A little cramped and smaller than the Borders in DC
or in Ann Arbor MI.
Chronicles Bookshop (southwest area: Briar Square, at Route 53 and
Briarcliff in Bolingbrook). Has a large selection of SF, fantasy,
mystery, and thriller, including many that are hard-to-find in your
chain bookstore outlets. Will order anything in print.
Grand Tour (3229 N Clark, 312-929-1836). Foreign language texts and travel
Kroch's and Brentano's (Wabash at Monroe). "Probably the best general
bookstore in town. General books upstairs, paperbacks and technical
books downstairs, including the best computer science selection in
the city (with the possible exception of the University of Chicago
bookstore). The store was rearranged in 1992 and it seems as strong
as always for the most part. However, their selection of books and
scores in classical music is much more sparse, unfortunately."
Recently (6/93) started discounting bestsellers and added a
"frequent buyers" club.
Peking Bookstore (in downtown Evanston near Church). It has more Chinese
language and culture related books, periodicals, and such than you
can shake a stick at. Also has a whole bunch of mainland China
propaganda posters in the basement. Apparently several universities
get their language course books through him.
People Like Us Books (3321 N Clark, 312-248-6363). Gay/lesbian/bisexual
Quimby's (Damen and Evergreen in Wicker Park). The hip new counterculture
store. They carry some Semiotext(e) books, lots of comix, piercing
and tattoo magazines, Situationist material, etc.
Rizzoli (835 N Michigan in Water Tower, 312-642-3500). "I always feel
underdressed when I go in there."
Rosenblum's World of Judaica (2906 W Devon, 312-262-1700).
Russian-American Bookstore (2746 W Devon, 312-761-3233).
The Savvy Traveler (50 E Washington, 312-263-2100). Travel books, maps, and
The Stars Our Destination Bookstore (1021 W Belmont, one block West of the
Belmont L stop, 312-871-2722). "The Stars Our Destination is truly
a wonderland for SF/F/H fans. A bright, cheery storefront with a
stunning selection of new books, new releases are separate for one
or two months. In the back is an excellent used book department,
and often you can find a book you want on the new shelves, then find
it in the back at half price. (Used are mainly half the cover
price.) Other departments include comics, trekstuff, magazines,
art, and videos. This is all presided over by Alice, one of the
nicest people I have ever met in a bookstore. If you buy one of
their jazzy tote bags and remember to bring it in, everything is
10% discount. Parking is atrocious, and you can get towed off the
side streets on Cubs baseball nights. Public trans rules. I hope
you can use this; this store really serves its customers and
deserves all the support it can get." Open are Mon-Sat 11AM-9PM;
Sun 12N-6PM.
U. S. Government Bookstore (One Congress Center, 401 South State Street,
Suite 124, 312-353-5133). "Did you know that the U. S. Government
Printing Office operates 24 bookstores across the country? ...and
that they have some of the most >ahem< unusual and interesting
things you'll find anywhere?"
Unabridged Books (3251 N Broadway 312-883-9119).
Waterstone's (840 N Michigan at Chestnut, 312-587-8080). Two stories and a
basement. Very nice. They are connected with the British chain and
have some special British import books, and also some
foreign-language books.
Women and Children First (5233 N. Clark, 312-769-9299). Feminist and
children's book store.
If you go to one used bookstore on the Northside, just pick up a map
listing the other ones nearby. There are about 8 or so within 1.5
miles of each other.
Bookman's Alley (in the alley at the rear of 1712 Sherman Avenue,
312-869-6999). Roger Carlson has taken three large rooms that used
to be a workshop or warehouse and converted them into a pleasant and
fairly spacious old bookland. "Stupendous ambience: a cross between
a fern bar, art gallery and music conservatory. Phoney, but rather
nice. Mainly older and antiquarian books in good condition. Many
old sets."
Great Expectations (911 Foster St near the El tracks, a couple of streets
north of Emerson just east of Sherman). Great Expectations is very
strong in literature, humanities, and social sciences. They easily
have the best classical music book and score section in the area.
Their selection of science and math is very eclectic but you may
find what you're looking for somewhere. The store's organization is
somewhat haphazard--ask if you can't find what you want. "It's an
interesting place with easy chairs and cats scattered around. I
once overheard the proprietor tell a potential customer that the
book the customer wanted to order was too easy to find. Better
bring along your checkbook though; it ain't cheap." But another
reader says, "Expectations' prices are not out of line. They charge
regular list prices--no big discounts, but no overcharges either.
They do carry some very expensive books that other stores don't
stock because of the cost (for example, they stock the New Oxford
History of Music at $95 a volume--expensive, but that's the
publisher's price.)" Restroom.
Another Barnes & Noble is in southwest suburban Wheaton on Naperville Rd in
Town Square Shoppin Center. Great store, lots of room, many chairs and a
terrific magazine/newspaper section. No coffee bar though. Lots of author
There is also a book compiled by Lane Phalen, THE BOOK LOVER'S GUIDE TO
CHICAGOLAND, ISBN 1-880339-06-4, $14.95) which covers over four hundred
bookstores in the Chicago area.
Evelyn C. Leeper | +1 908 957 2070 | /
Evelyn C. Leeper | +1 908 957 2070 |
"The Internet is already an information superhighway, except that ... it is
driving a car through a blizzard without windshield wipers or lights, and all
the road signs are written upside down and backwards."--Mike Royko (not Dave
Archive-name: books/stores/european
Last change:
Tue Apr 26 10:43:53 EDT 1994
Copies of this article may be obtained by anonymous ftp to
under /pub/usenet/news.answers/books/stores/european.Z. Or, send email to with "send
usenet/news.answers/books/stores/european" in the body of the message.
This FAQ is in digest format.
Cities include (listed basically west to east, north to south by country,
alphabetically within country, but associated areas and language groups are
listed together; if anyone has a better ordering, let me know):
Dublin, Ireland
Edinburgh, UK
Glasgow, UK
Iona, UK
Cambridge, UK
London, UK
Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK
Norwich, UK
Oxford, UK
Lisbon, Portugal
Barcelona, Spain
Madrid, Spain
Grenoble, France
Marseille, France
Paris, France
Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Groningen, the Netherlands
The Hague, The Netherlands
Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Antwerpen/Antwerp, Belgium
Brussel/Bruxelles/Brussels, Belgium
Copenhagen, Denmark
Bergen, Norway
Oslo, Norway
Stockholm, Sweden
Helsinki, Finland
Berlin, Germany
Cologne, Germany
Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Hamburg, Germany
Hannover, Germany
Munich, Germany
Zurich, Switzerland
Vienna, Austria
Istanbul, Turkey
[Note 1: I collected these comments from a variety of people. I personally
have no knowledge of many of these places and take no responsibility if you
buy a book you don't enjoy. :-) Phone numbers and precise addresses can be
gotten by calling directory assistance for the appropriate city. Call ahead
for precise hours, as even when I list them they are subject to change.]
[Note 2: If you can add information for any of these, in particular
addresses when they are missing, please send it to me.]
[Note 3: I am cross-posting this to rec.arts.sf.written, but the bookstores
listed include *all* types of bookstores, so please don't tell me that a
particular store has a limited SF section unless I have specifically claimed
otherwise. All references to science fiction are abbreviated SF for ease in
electronic searching.]
[Note 4: I know they're bookshops in Britain, not bookstores. In the text
I try to follow this; the introductory material is used world-wide and
uses "bookstores" instead.]
[Note 5: Someone sent this for a particular store, but it applies
everywhere: "Don't complain about high prices; the people in the shop don't
make them, we only try to get a wide range of books and help customers as
well as we can. Books might look a bit than dearer in your home country but
the costs, the costs! We are not, I repeat not, a tourist office--it can be
very annoying to try to do your job and being interupted a hundred times a
day for the way to the Rijks-, Van Gogh or any other museum. (We are
willing to sell you a map of Amsterdam and then point you in the right
Subject: Dublin, Ireland
APCK (St. Anne's Church, Dawson St). Small religious bookshop concentrating
on Anglican material and academic works.
Books Upstairs (Dame St opposite the Bank of Ireland and the front entrance
to Trinity College). Leftish.
Cathedral Books (Sackville Pl.). Religious bookshop, good spirituality
section. Large number of American publications.
Chapter's (Middle Abbey St & Henry St). Mostly second-hand.
Connolly Bookshop (Essex St). Socialist, wide range of material.
Chapters (Middle Abbey St). The second branch of this second-hand outlet in
Abbey St. Large.
Duffy's (Lincoln Place?). Second-hand.
Eason's (O'Connell St; the ILAC centre (Henry St); the Irish Life Mall
(Talbot St); the Square, Tallaght). The big one for new books.
Forbidden Planet (Dawson St). SF, fantasy, role-playing games.
Fred Hanna's (Nassau St). University bookshop with books of general
Geo. Webb's (Aston Quay). Mostly second-hand and antiquarian.
Greene's (Clare St). New and second-hand.
Hodges Figgis (Dawson St, directly across from Waterstone's). Also big,
with an eclectic selection. Good Irish-interest section.
Provisional Sinn Fein's Shop (Parnell Square)
Rathmines Bookshop (Lower Rathmines Rd). Second-hand.
Veritas (Lower Abbey St). Large religious bookshop, mainly Catholic
material. Expensive.
Walton's (just off Parnell Square). The best sheet music shop.
Waterstone's (Dawson St). Big, with an eclectic selection
The Winding Stair (Lower Ormond Quay near the north end of the Halfpenny
Bridge). The biggest used bookshop, with a cafe as well.
Subject: Edinburgh, UK
Aria Records (Dundas Street). "The biggest range of second-hand classical
recordings I've seen anywhere, as well as second-hand books on
Bargain Books (Princes Street). Very limited selection, but a good place
for picking up, say, the complete Shakespeare/Conan Doyle/Brothers
Grimm practically free. Part of a chain; if you've been in
one, you've been in them all.
Bauermeisters (on George IV Bridge). Also has a good classical CD section
with a separate entrance).
Campbell and Stilwell (South Bridge, across the street from Thins). "A
remainder shop unconnected with the Bargain Books empire and
accordingly with quite different stock. Their stocks fluctuate
wildly but they sometimes have some of the best bargains you'll find
Castle Books (Canongate). Used.
Dead Head Comics (44 Victoria St). Wide range of US/UK mainstream and
independent comics and graphic novels. Probably superior range to
Forbidden Planet, definitely better atmosphere.
Eddie Fenwick (Thirlestane Lane). Mainly a mail-order business in
mathematics and mountaineering books from his home, but you can
drop in to see the stuff for yourself; phone him.
Donald Ferrier (Teviot Place). Medical, new and used.
Forbidden Planet (Teviot Place). SF.
Macnaughtons (Haddington Place, Leith Walk). The biggest second-hand
bookshop in town and the least friendly.
The One World Shop (in the Cornerstone under St John's Church in Lothian
Road) is a Christian-pacifist shop with a small but good selection
of Third World, environmental and feminist stuff; also Traidfare
goods and world music.
Rae MacIntosh (West End). For sheet music and classical CDs.
Second Edition (Canonmills). Used. Has the highest prices, but is subject
to haggling.
Sheena McNeil (Bruntsfield Links). Sheet music.
James Thins (53-59 South Bridge, 031-556-6743, FAX 031-557-8149). The
biggest bookshop in Scotland and (after John Smiths in Glasgow, the
second oldest. Some people think it's great; others think it's the
worst they've dealt with. One sums up both sides, I think, with:
"They have half a dozen branches in Edinburgh, a vast academic
section, and maintain close contacts with the Universities.
However, they do tend to be rather complacent and unhelpful at
times, and tend to act as if they were a monopoly supplier, with a
'like it or lump it' attitude." For those who follow such things,
another reader says, "They are also a bunch of hypocrites, handing
out propaganda in favour of retaining the Net Book Agreement, while
marking up the prices of Non-Net Books higher than Waterstone's and
Co." Will ship world-wide (or at least to Europe).
Tills (Buccleuch Street). Used.
Waterstone's (128 Princes Street, 13/14 Princes Street, and 83 Georges
Street). Large chain. 128 Princes Street is their new flagship
branch. "Sandwiched between HMV and Virgin so you are in peril of
CD purchasing fever (or would be if both weren't so bad - except the
jazz and classical section at Virgin) but I digress. This was
opened in November 92 and I must admit I am impressed. It is on
four floors, and is second only to the main Thins branch for volumes
carried. There are excellent fiction, biography, foreign
literature, foreign language, history, Scottish, legal, cooking,
gardening, pretty good SF, and the usual range of academic subjects.
It is a very good bookshop." The 83 George Street shop has a large
ground floor and smaller basement. This branch has a bias in favour
of fiction and biography. The SF section is not so good. It has
quite a good section of art books: both textual and coffee table.
Academic areas are rather weak. Scottish authors have their own
section as does Scottish history, etc. These sections are not bad.
Wesley Owen (George Street). (Used to be Church of Scotland Bookshop.)
Stocks a wide range of Christian books.
West and Wilde (25a Dundas Street). Gay/lesbian/bisexual books.
West Port Books (West Port near Lothian Rd.). Used. An amazing range of
Indian stuff, following the owner's holiday-cum-book-buying-trip to
India in 1992; also good for used sheet music, but not for the
? (Spittal Street around the corner from Old Grindle's). Used. Has
second-hand football programmes. May have moved (in which case
this listing is really useless!).
(a couple of used book shops in Broughton Street and at the top
of Leith Walk and several used and antiquarian book shops in the
You can pick up a leaflet with a full list of used book shops from any one
of them. The Assembly Rooms in George St. often holds book fairs on
Saturdays where many of the second-hand booksellers exhibit.
Waterstones and John Menzies are huge UK-wide chains that sell magazines
and airport bestsellers. "A comment on Waterstones, everywhere: their
scientific/technical sections are an insulting joke. They all have less on
all real science put together than on New Age fads. This alone is enough
to put me off ever using them."
A second opinion on Waterstone's: "It is easily the best book chain in the
UK. The ones in Chester and (especially) Manchester (which are on Bridge
Street Row and Deansgate respectively if you want to include them) have very
good scientific and technical sections. The one in Manchester even stocks a
fair range of US scientific, computer and SF books (and maybe others, but
those are the areas I know about). Waterstone's is owned by WH Smiths, by
the way, which also sells books in its own right and owns the large Sherratt
& Hughes chain. They sell a *lot* of books. One reason for the variable
quality of Waterstone's is that those that have always been Waterstone's are
better than those that were relabelled after Smiths bought the Waterstone's
A third says: "I don't know what their Scottish shops are like and their
airport shops are about what you expect but their Cambridge and Norwich
shops both have reasonable scientific/ technical sections."
"One of the major remainder dealers in Edinburgh (used to be in Hamilton
Place, Stockbridge) has recently [3/94] gone bust. This is likely to mean
that a vast amount of remainder stock appears on the market again somewhere
else. They had an idiosyncratic selection of academic social sciences and
theology books including what seemed to be the entire backlist of Scottish
Academic Press."
Subject: Glasgow, UK
Bargain Books (chain of small shops). Limited stock but excellent bargain
prices. If you've been in one of the chain, you've been in them
Caledonia Books (Great Western Road). Used. Strong in modern literature
and art.
The Christian Book Centre (Great Western Road, very close to Caledonia
Books, Voltaire and Rousseau, Word of Mouth and Gilmorehill
Books). New and second-hand Christian material and the best
selection of second-hand classical records and books on
classical music in town.
Centerpeace (Stockwell Street). Pacifist/feminist/Third World/
environmental/liberation theology material (run by radical
Clyde Books (Parnie Street). Radical/socialist/feminist/green.
Dillons (the Argyle Street/Union Street corner). A very large branch.
More modern than Smiths and a great place to pick up book
bargains. Close to Smiths and Waterstones.
Dowanhill Books (in a lane off Byres Road opposite Hillhead tube station).
Forbidden Planet (Buchanan Street). SF and comics.
Futureshock (31 Byres Road). American imports and OLD paperbacks as well as
imports. They also stock some comics, though not many. The nearest
Underground stations are Partick and Hillhead.
Gilmorehill Books (Bank Street). Used.
The Little Bookworm (a booth in Decourcy's Arcade). For the under-five-
year-old market with new books in bright colours. Not so much
choice, but they will order for you with quick delivery.
Obelisk (Virginia Galleries, Virginia Street). Used SF and mysteries.
"That nice man in Obelisk sold me seven Andre Norton books on Friday
last. When I had picked out three from the shelves and went over to
pay for them, he said that if I was interested he had got in some
Ace doubles and among them I found four more Andre Norton in what
looked to me like perfect condition. With Andre Norton I find that
the older the story, often the better. He had them in his locked
glass bookcase, so if you have some special interest it is a good
idea to talk to him as well as just browse the shelves."
Pitcairn Books (a booth in Decourcy's Arcade). "Has a chatty owner who
seems to want to specialize in books with illustrated covers (those
gilt bindings and pictures actually on the book, not dust covers).
He has a fair amount of modern fiction in stock, while most of his
paperback books are relegated to the corridor outside the booth
selling off inexpensively. I've bought a few Scottish books there.
I think he keeps a lot of books at home, he is overflowing his shop.
No new books."
John Smith and Sons (St. Vincent Street). Quite close to George Square.
This is the main branch and is famous enough for you to be able to
ask directions to it. It has 5 floors and keeps books on just about
any subject you can think of. Main public transport terminals
nearby (i.e., walking distance) include Central Station (trains),
Queen Street Station (trains), Buchanan Street Station (buses) and
Buchanan Street Underground Station. Close to Dillons and
John Smith and Sons (University Bookshop, University Avenue, Hillhead) (west
of the city centre). A strictly academic bookshop, they specialise
in stocking books on the recommended reading lists for students
supplied by Glasgow University (who keep close links with the shop).
There's a student charity bookshop above it which sells used
textbooks with the profits going to help South African blacks study
at Glasgow: good for medical books and is open 11AM-3PM in termtime.
Most university courses are in evidence in the shop - medical books
particularly so. Main public transport terminal nearby is Hillhead
Underground Station. They even have an email address:, and will ship worldwide. You can't
telnet the catalog, and please note: this is has typical academic
bookshop stock; they don't have an antiquarian department and those
sorts of request are a waste of time.
John Smith and Sons (Byres Road Branch, Byres Road, Hillhead). A mainstream
three-storey bookshop. Simply a scaled-down version of the main
shop. This shop is located next door to the Hillhead Underground
Station. The university shop is five minutes away on foot. A nice
area in general, well worth a look: there are several famous
cafes/coffee shops around here too (e.g., The Ubiquitous Chip, The
Underground Gallery).
Voltaire and Rousseau (Otago Street Lane). Used. Good for cheap grubby
Waterstones (Union Street very close to Dillons). Large branch.
More modern than Smiths. Close to Smiths.
Wesley Owen (Buchanan Street near the Underground Station). Near Forbidden
Planet. Christian bookshop. (Used to be Church of Scotland
Word of Mouth (?). Food and cookery; this place is amazing. They had to
move from their Bank Street building because it was falling down;
they are now in temporary premises on a mezzanine floor inside
"Moon" clothing shop, which in turn is up a short alley off Great
Western Road, a block above Caledonia Books. The stock is much
smaller than it used to be.
charity shops in Byres Rd, all of which sell books, starting with Cancer
Research, Oxfam, Dr Barnado's, Save the Children, as well as the
back alley secondhand books (next to Oxfam) and occasionally
DeCourcy's arcade)
For books and audiocassettes in Hindi and Urdu there are two shops in
Allison Street, Govanhill. There is a Chinese bookshop in the Garnethill
area (Glasgow's Chinatown).
Regarding Smiths, one reader says:
"There are other branches of Smiths, but these three should cover all
your needs wherever you are in Glasgow. All Smiths shops are tied by a
computer network allowing the facility for quick look up of stocks
elsewhere in the city and quick transfer between branches in the case
where a particular book is not in stock at a certain branch. They can
also order ANY book in print as long as they can locate the ISBN, and
send it to any address you please. They have British and Overseas Books
in Print on Microfiche for this purpose."
See Edinburgh, UK, for further details on Smiths, Waterstone's and
John Menzies.
Subject: Iona, UK
"There is a small second-hand bookshop (must be one of the most remote
in the world) on the road between the village and the abbey.
Reasonable general stock, not as touristy or religious as the location
might lead you to expect."
Subject: Cambridge, UK
Cambridge University Press Bookshop (Market Hill). Has been a bookshop
since before the America was founded! Mostly CUP only.
Children's Bookshop (30 Trinity).
Deighton, Bell and Co. (13 Trinity). Used.
Dillons (Sidney Street). Large shop.
Forbidden Planet (behind the Grafton Center). Specialist SF book shop.
Galloway and Porter (Sidney Street). Used to be good; now mostly
remaindered text books and such. Still a very good place to pick up
cheap books on subjects that don't change too much, like anatomy,
European history, or botany. Of course, computer books aren't so
Heffers Booksellers (20 Trinity Street, Cambridge CB2 3NG, Telephone (0223)
358351; FAX 0223 410464). Cambridge's answer to Blackwells. They
also own Deighton, Bell and Co. and the Children's Bookshop.
Heffers issues catalogues in a variety of fields, and they are
really outstanding about mail order. They accept Visa and
Mastercard; they will also open accounts for customers and accept
payment in dollars.
Heffers Paperback Bookshop (St. Andrews Street).
Heffers (the Grafton Centre).
Waterstones (near the Round Church). A very large shop. Good SF selectiona
compared to Heffers or Dillions.
WH Smiths (Lion Yard). Mostly magazines and stationary but books upstairs.
There are a lot of second-hand book shops in Cambridge, mostly tucked away
down alleys.
Subject: London, UK
In general when people ask about bookshops in London, the only answer they
get is to take the Underground to Charing Cross and walk down the street.
Charing Cross Road runs N/S from the junction of Tottenham Court Rd to
Trafalgar Square. Tube statios to go to are Tottenham Court Rd (Northern
Line/Central Line) or Leicester Square (Northern/Picadilly/? Line).
However, the following may be of more specific help.
? (Oxford St, heading from Oxford Circus to Tottenham Ct, right side of
street). An independent; interesting travel section, respectable
trade paperback good fiction section.
? (all the way up the Archway Rd, near Archway tube stop). Dusty used
place. Owned by wife of poet Adrian Mitchell.
? (across from Kentish Town branch library, Kentish Town road).
Near the tube stop of same name, head south on the road, right side
of st. Good and interesting collection, especially British history.
The library's not bad either.
? (on the first [second to Americans] floor in a major cross-street near the
north end of Charing Cross Road--Shaftesbury Avenue, though the
poster thinks he may have meant Long Acre instead. He also thinks
it's the same street as either Tower Records or the Virgin
Megastore). They have a LARGE stock of comics.
At The Sign Of The Dragon (131, Sheen Lane, SW14, 081-876-3855; Mortlake BR
station and walk south). Run by Richard and Marion van der Voort,
is a small shop with a good selection of titles. They rival (often
beat) Forbidden Planet in early stocking of titles, and are happy to
reserve and special order books. "A lot more friendly than FP!"
Will ship worldwide.
Books Etc (Charing Cross Road opposite Foyle's, Tottenham Court Road tube).
Good general stock, with emphasis on fiction and modern literature.
SF section is also surprisingly good for a non-specialist shop,
including some US imports. Lots of other stuff, including a
reasonable technical section. Staff helpful, often beyond the call
of duty. Takes credit cards, will order books from the US.
Sometimes open Sunday PM. Branches include: 30 Broadgate Circle,
London EC2M 2QS, tel. 071-628-8944; 120 Charing Cross Road, London
WC2H 0JR, tel. 071-379-6838; 60 Fenchurch Street, London EC3M 4AQ,
tel. 071-481-4425; 176 Fleet Street, London EC4A 2AB,
tel. 071-353-5939; 263 High Holborn, London WC1V 7EE,
tel. 071-404-0261; 26 James Street, COvent Garden, London WC2E 8PA,
tel. 071-379-6947; 54 London Wall, London EC2M 5TR,
tel. 071-628-9708; 163 Oxford Street, London W1R 1TA,
tel. 071-734-8287; 66 Victoria Street, London SW1 5LB,
tel. 071-931-0677; 19 Whiteleys of Bayswater, London W2 4YQ,
Compendium (Camden High St between Camden Town and Chalk Farm tube stations
almost by the bridge over the canal). A very intellectual and
political bookshop--quite large and well-organized. Been around
since the Sixties. Go on a Saturday to visit Camden Lock, one of
the biggest markets in London. (This had previously been listed as
Portobello Road; I suspect it was the market that confused someone.)
Dillon's (82 Gower St, Goodge Street tube). Beautiful, general, moderately
helpful staff. Smaller than Foyle's but it more than makes up for
it in efficiency. Excellent science and medicine depts, and
generally strong on textbooks and "recommended reading" in all
subjects--this is an academic's bookshop. (It caters for
University College that is a block away, and the student population
of London at large.) One of the three main technical bookshops in
London, and easier to find your way round than Foyles. Also has a
reasonable SF section (all UK, though), and lots of other stuff.
There is a bargain department on the ground floor. Very
knowledgeable staff. Strategic reduction in prices in order to
challenge the NBA [the Net Book Agreement prevents bookshops from
selling books at less than the recommended retail price; Dillons are
leading a campaign against this by deliberately cutting prices].
Accepts credit cards. "While you're there, visitors should go and
look at the outside of Senate House (one of the models for Orwell's
ministries) and on Russell Square, which is where T. S. Elliot
worked for Faber's." (Other branches at 150-152 Kings Road, SW3;
48-52 Kensington High Street, W8; 8 Long Acre, WC2; 213 Picadilly,
W1; St Dunstans Road, W6; St Mary's Road, W5; Exhibition Road, SW7;
Lambeth Palace Road, SE1; 37 Upper Berkeley Street, W1; Trafalgar
Square, WC1. Most of these are associated with a college, so are
likely to be small and have a specialist selection. For example,
the St Dunstan one is at the Westminster Medical School, the St
Mary one at the Polytechnic of West London, the Lambeth one at St
Thomas' Hospital, and the Exhibition Road one at the Science
Museum. The Dillon's near Covent Garden has a large selection of
art books.)
Dress Circle (57 Monmouth). They have the largest selection of material
related to musical on this side of the galaxy. This includes
scores, recordings, books, etc.
The Economist's Bookshop (Houghton St., Holborn tube). Very good history,
economy, related subjects.
Forbidden Planet (New Oxford Street, east of Charing Cross Road; Tottenham
Court Road tube). Comics, T-shirts and pins at street level; SF,
posters and videos in the basement. They have some reduced
hardbacks, marked-down paperbacks and sell more-than-2-year-old
copies of Asimov's, F&SF, etc. at a reasonable price. "The SF stock
has gone downhill in recent years IMHO, as they seem to have
concentrated more on marketing the big releases--if you are looking
for something specific you are much better off going to Murder One
(see below) at least in my experience." [Editorial note: this seems
to be a world-wide policy, as their New York City stores have the
same problem.] "Good for US paperbacks, but I've had more luck
finding new US hardbacks at Murder One". Some really good
SF/fantasy art books. They also have author signings. Takes
credit cards.
Foyle's (Charing Cross Road, just after Sutton Row, Tottenham Court Road
tube). "Well, this is where all the guide books are going to send
you--I have yet to find someone that doesn't hate the place.
Chaotic--they claim to have every book in print, but they never seem
able to find them.... Utterly ridiculous system of classifying by
*publisher*--it makes browsing a tiresome experience. Staff are
sometimes willing, but often unable to help; more often than not
they tell you to try Dillon's. Good Penguin section, though." A
wierd pay system: you have to leave your books at the service desk,
wander off in search of a cash desk to pay and get your bill
stamped, then back for your books. One poster writes, "Foyle's,
while indeed awful, has finally given up and since mid-92 accepts
credit cards. All the rest is, unfortunately, as you describe."
Freedom (Whitechapel; Aldgate East tube). Anarchist books. "After their
recent (5/93) attack by neo-Nazis they could do with your support."
French's Theatre Bookshop (52 Fitzroy Street, London W1P 6JR, Warren St or
Great Portland St tube, tel: 071 387 9373). They have a very large
selection of plays, recordings and related material. If you are
looking for an obscure play, they have it or can get it. "I
believe that they will do mail order as well. Credit cards
Hatchards (2 Brook Street, Kingston-upon-Thames, Surrey KT1 2HA, about 12
miles South West of central London, +44 0 81 546 7592; or An academic
bookshop serving Kingston University and other institutions in the
Surrey and South West London area. Part of the Dillons, Pentos
group (hence the dual email address). Will post books worldwide and
accepts credit cards (Visa, Master Card and Amex).
Institute of Contemporary Arts (Pall Mall). Has a bookshop (as well as a
cinema, a theatre, and a gallery.
Mega City One Comics (Inverness St). Near Compendium and Stage Door.
Better than Forbidden Planet.
Military History Bookshop (2 The Broadway, Friern Barnet Road, London
N11 3DU, 081-368-8568 (call ahead before stopping by)).
Outstanding selection of military history. Easy to get to by bus or
Underground, but call ahead to make sure they're there first. They
have a quarterly catalog. (The contributor adds, "It is spelled
'Friern' even though that looks wrong; I checked twice. :-)).
Motor Books (33 St. Martin's Court, just off Charing Cross Road, near
Foyle's and Trafalgar Square, 071-836-5376, FAX 071-497-2539).
"They have the most incredible selection of books relating to
transportation. As a train buff, I feel that their railroad (yes,
I know they'd call it railway :-)) section is the best in the
world. Their military, aviation and auto sections are top notch as
Murder One (Charing Cross Road, just below Shaftesbury Avenue, Leicester
Square tube). Mystery and romance at street level, SF in the
basement. No SF merchandise--just books. They also seem to have
one or maybe two copies of many titles rather than dozens of a few.
A lot of them are imports so prices are higher than average--but
well worth it if you are after that one elusive volume. Probably
the best source for new US SF hardbacks. Staff is very helpful too.
They have a bookcase of second-hand books that are of *very* high
quality. Takes credit cards, will do mailorder (I think).
Museum of the Moving Image (MOMI) (Waterloo Road, Southbank). It has a gift
and bookshop, but you must pay to see the museum to get into the
bookshop. It's next to the National Film Theatre (NFT). Open
daily 10 AM - 6 PM daily including Bank Holidays (closed Christmas
Eve, Christmas Day and Boxing Day).
National Film Theatre (NFT) (next to MOMI, Waterloo Road, Southbank). It
has a bookshop. You don't need to be a member to get into the
Oxford University Press Bookshop (72 Charring Cross Road). Not as big as
the flagship shop at Oxford, but certain to carry almost every OUP
book in print. The OUP publishes (among other things!) some very
good philosophy of science books and its reference series is
unparalleled. Penguin Shops (Covent Garden and across from Camden
Town tube stop). Not bad in a pinch. Harried staff.
The Riverside Studios (by the River Thames in Hammersmith, just down from
the flyover). They have a bookshop as well as a cinema, a theatre
and a gallery.
Skoob Books and Skoob Two (Sicilian Avenue near Holborn tube station). The
one really exceptional second-hand bookshop. They have an *amazing*
range of technical stuff, including computer science: they obviously
understand what they're selling here, unlike almost every other
second-hand dealer in the UK. They publish a directory of
second-hand bookshops in the British Isles. (The other guide to
these is "driff's", which is rather hard to get but absolutely
Stage Door (Chalk Farm Rd). One of London's best theatre bookshops.
Near Compendium and Mega One.
Turkish Language Books (81 Shacklewell Lane). Well-stocked and friendly.
Unsworth, Rice & Coe (12 Bloomsbury Street, 071-436-9836, FAX 071-637-7334).
A pleasant bookstore featuring "secondhand and out-of-print books on
history & humanities," although they occasionally get large
shipments of math and science books as well. Among other things
they feature classics for a pound (about US$1.50, depending), and a
wide selection of drama, poetry, film books, etc. Open Mon-Fri
10-8, Sat 10-7, Sun 12-7. "And there's a great, inexpensive
Japanese restaurant across the street."
Waterstone's (Charing Cross Road, just before Sutton Row). "Haven't been
there too often--it is a very attractive shop and seems to have a
good, all-round stock with an emphasis on literature and history."
F. E. Whitehart. The best dealer in second-hand mathematics books in
London. He runs the business from home and you have to phone for an
appointment (warning: he's deaf, and you go through either a
switchboard or a voice recognizer).
There are quite a few other bookshops along Charing Cross Road, including
some bargain book ones. There are also a few bookshops in Oxford Street,
near Tottenham Court Road tube station. And don't forget the museum
bookshops. For oriental/historical books, try opposite the British Museum
(a reasonably short walk from Tottenham Court road tube). The British
Museum sells historical and art books. Also opposite the BM is Gosh Comics.
(You can have a pleasant day out looking round the bookshops and/or the
British museum. There are quite a few restaurants and fast food outlets
For clip art and other Dover books, try the Dover Bookshop. Going south
down Charing Cross road, take the small road that's probably second left,
counting round anticlockwise from the southern part of Charing Cross at the
Cambridge Circus junction in the middle of Charing Cross Road. If you're
on the correct road, you should go past a shop called Orc's Nest more or
less immediately. The Dover Bookshop stock most Dover books, and similar
titles. The owner is very helpful and takes credit cards. (For the
forseeable future, Cambridge Circus is where "Les Miserables" is on.
According to one poster, just to the right of the theatre is a dead good
Italian restaurant.)
There are Chinese bookshops in Chinatown and Soho (don't know this stuff at
all) and some good black bookshops in Brixton (haven't been there for a
while and don't have current addresses). For ethnic categories in general
see the references in the "Guide to Ethnic London".
See Edinburgh, UK, for further details on Smiths, Waterstone's and
John Menzies.
Finally, you might want to look for DRIFFS GUIDE TO THE BOOKSHOPS OF
ENGLAND. Driff is an expert on bookshops and spends his time traveling
the country looking for bargains so he knows his bookshops.
People interested in books published in Britain may also want to know
about the following: THE GOOD BOOK GUIDE MAGAZINE (a bi-monthly review
magazine) which offers an ordering service, available to subscribers
only. Books published in Britain and in stock with the publisher can
be ordered for a research fee plus shipping and handling (plus the cost
of the book, of course). Further details can be gotten by contacting
them at THE GOOD BOOK GUIDE, 24 Seward Street, London EC1V 3GB;
Telephone Order Line +44 71 490 9905; Telephone Customer Service +44 71
490 9900; FAX +44 71 490 9908. [Thanks to Christopher P Salter, for this information.]
Subject: Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK
Bookhouse (Ridley Place). "Small, with quite a good selection of women's
books in addition to postcards, posters, calendars, some ethnic arty
things and a cafe in the basement which I've never tried but the
coffee always smells good." Nice to browse in.
Dillons (Blackett St; Monument Metro). Usual wide selection for this chain
bookshop on four floors.
Thornes (Barras Bridge/Haymarket; Haymarket Metro). Not as good as Dillons
or Waterstones. Usually good selection of text books since the
University and Schools seem to order through it. They always
hand-write receipts.
Waterstones (Grey St; Monument Metro). Usual wide selection for this chain
bookshop on three floors.
[This part contributed primarily by Caroline Shield
Subject: Norwich, UK
Jarrolds (on the market square). The biggest bookshop for general new
Scientific Anglian. The place for used books--really big and with a huge
range. You need a good head for heights to get at the stuff on the
upper shelves and had better not be allergic to dust.
Waterstones (not far from the Market Square).
Subject: Oxford, UK
Blackwell's (Broad Street, +44 865 79292, FAX +44 865 791438). "Everyone I
have ever spoken to who has been to Blackwell's views it as the
single best technical bookshop they have ever been to. It is
particularly strong in computer science and mathematics. It also
seems to be strong in philosophy." Another replies, "And not
surprisingly it has large and strong departments for all the other
academic specialities. The main shop for a while was the largest in
the world; the Norrington Room is the largest single room for
selling books in the world. Blackwells apparently also has most of
the world's library trade." Also has various second-hand sections,
and the following spcial stores, also on Broad Street: Children's
Bookshop Art and Poster Bookshop (postcards of art too), Paperback
Bookshop (and role-playing games and books on casette), and Map and
Travel bookshop (stocks maps of all of Europe and much of the rest
of the world. Often missed is the rare books and special editions
that Sir Basil Blackwell collected. This is now in the basement
of the Music Shop, in the city centre on Holywell Street (see
below). The atmosphere is fairly rarified and country house-y, all
lockable bookcases and high prices. They specialise in modern
first editions and produce their own catalogue.
Book Bargains (2 St. Ebbe St).
Bookshop on the Plain (cross Magdaelen Bridge and start up the Cowley Rd;
it's immediately on your left).
Dillons (corner of Broad Street). Large shop. Tries to compete with
Blackwells and doesn't really carry it off.
The EOA Communist Bookshop (across the road from Bookshop on the Plain).
Might carry Irish stuff for all the wrong reasons, I suppose, but
being a Tory I wouldn't know :-." Someone thinks it may now be
called the Inner Bookshop.
Music Shop (Holywell Street). Part of Blackwells. Sells sheet music and
CDs and cassettes (almost exclusively classical) as well as books
on music. It also sells tickets for many of the concerts in
Oxford. The staff are very knowledgeable: most of the permanent
staff have degrees in music and are active in performing music.
They also have their own mail-order department (ext 4452) for CDs
and sheet music.
Thorton's. "Look out for Thornton's as it's *dear*."
Waterfield's (36 Park End St). Large second-hand bookshop. Good philosophy
section. The antiques emporium just before it and the Jam Factory
over the road by the traffic lights also house minor booksellers
amongst their other denizens.
Further out there is a Bookshop at Oxford Brookes University in Headington
and at the John Radcliffe Hospital.
Opening hours for all the city centre shops are Monday-Saturday 9AM-6PM
(opens 9:30 Tuesdays). Open several Sundays during the tourist seaason.
Subject: Lisbon, Portugal
Alfarrabios (Calcada do Carmo No. 50). Used books.
Alfarrabista (R. do Alecrim No. 44). Used books.
Antunes (R. da Voz do Operario No.7-B). Used books.
Barata (Av. de Roma 11-A, 1000 Lisboa, 848 16 31,
fax: 80 33 44). (ALso has another store at Amoreiras Shopping at
Torres das Amoreiras.) New books.
Barateira Lda. (R. Nova da Trindade No. 16-C). Used books.
Bertrand (Av. Roma 13-B, 1000 Lisboa,
796 92 71, 793 63 56; R. Garrett 73, Chiado, 1200 Lisboa,
346 86 46, 346 76 29; R. da Anchieta No. 15). (Also has a store at
Shopping Amoreiras.) New books.
Britanica (R. Luis Fernando 14/8). New books.
Buchholz (R. Duque de Palmela 4, 1200 Lisboa, 315 73 58, fax:
352 26 34). New books.
Camoes (Misericordia 137/41). Used books.
Castil (C.C. Alvalade, lj 15, C.C. Fonte Nova, lj 63). New books.
Europa-America (Av. Marques de Tomar 1-B). New books.
Historica e Ultramarina - Travessa Queimada No.28, 1). Used books.
Olisipo (Largo Trindade Coelho No.7). Used books.
Manuscrito historico (Calcada do Sacramento No. 50). Used books.
Mundo do Livro (Largo da Trindade 11/3). Used books.
Portugal (R. do Carmo No. 70). New books.
Rui Alberto (Largo do Carmo). Used books.
Sociedade Biblica (R. Jose Estevao 4-B). Christian literature.
There is anlso an annual book fair in Eduardo VII park every May/June
where you can find a stand for every major editor and bookstore and get
some nice discounts too.
Someone initially had said:
"This place is a book desert. Apart from an antiquarian shop up on the
hillside above Restauradores I've seen nowhere I was even tempted to go
into, and this is the only major city I've been to where I've never bought a
book. Somebody tell me there's something somewhere."
To which Antonio Leal ( replied:
"We keep our bookstores carefully hidden, so that only the cognoscenti
can find them. Innocent tourists only get to see airport shops ;-)"
(but then sent some of the above list). also sent a long list (included above) and said:
"Well, I really don't have much time to complete the list (I'm at work
here), but if you didn't buy a book when you were in Lisbon it's because
you really didn't try!"
Subject: Barcelona, Spain
Casa del Libro (Rda. Sant Pere, 3; 08007, Tel. 318.51.46). Spanish books on
science and art, and Catalonian books.
Crisol (Rbla. Catalunya, 81; Tel. 215.27.20). An excellent bookstore on
literature, art, travel, etc. Open on Sunday.
Liberia Bosch (Rda. Universitat, 11; 08007, Tel. 317.53.08). Spanish books
on a important variety of themes: science, legal, education....
Libreria Herder (C/ Balmes 26; 08007, Tel. 317.05.78). This has a good
technical section with books in English, German, etc.
[This part contributed by Gloria Soriano (]
Subject: Madrid, Spain
Booksellers S.A. (Jose Abascal 48, 28003). New books in English. English
as a Second Language materials.
Casa del Libro (Gran Via, 29). Mostly new Spanish books, with an English
Turner English Books (Genova 3, 28004). New books in Spanish, English, and
French. Also has a video rental collection, including many British
Also check out the bookstalls on Claudio Moyano, between the Prado, Atocha
station, and Retiro Park (more precisely, it's the street that runs between
the southern edge of the Botanical Gardens and the Agriculture Ministry; but
no one knows where those are; it's west of the southern end of Retiro Park).
Spanish books, new and used, old volumes often very reasonably priced.
Subject: Grenoble, France
Arthaud (Grand Rue). The big general bookstore, which has everything.
Glenat (avenue Alsace-Lorraine). For "bandes dessinees" (comix
Get "Le Dahu" (the local alternative/student guidebook, updated annually)
for reviews of other bookshops.
Subject: Marseille, France
FNAC (in the shopping center "Centre Bourse," near the Canebiere). Another
very big general bookstore, has also nearly everything.
Virgin Megastore (rue Saint-Ferreol). The biggest general bookstore, which
has nearly everything (also comics, SF, music, ...).
Nice cafe inside at one story of the bookstore. Very few non-French
"Since I don't live in Marseille at the moment (my family does), I usually
have not much time to go shopping when I'm there, therefore I go to one of
these two shops to buy as much as I can in the short time. I'm sure there
are plenty of nice smaller bookshops (there were, 8 years ago, as I used to
live in France) but I don't have up-to-date infomtion about them."
[This part contributed by Francoise Miane (]
Subject: Paris, France
Brentano's (37, avenue de l'Opera, 400m from the Opera, 75002 Paris,
Tel (1) 42 61 52 50). American bookstore, with specialized
sections, French books and a newsstand that carries American mags.
Very large array of fantasy and SF paperbacks just to the right of
the main entrance. The Horror section is separate.
Very few hardbacks, located near the cashier No comics to speak of.
Will take orders.
FNAC (several *big* shops in Paris, and many in other major French towns).
Galignani (224 rue de Rivoli, Paris I). Was the bookstore of the
expatriates of the lost generation, and countless others. Has
managed (for how long?) to preserve the same decor, and same
atmosphere. Good selection of current fiction, paperbacks. Also
magazines (art, fashion and decoration; French, British and
American), and current French titles. Many books on the arts in
Gibert Jeune (179 Bd. St-Michel and other locations). Stores a very
comprehensive range of textbooks (French and international) on all
subjects, paperbacks, art books, guides, literature, comics,
records, video and recently videogames. The main store has a 5th
floor full of foreign literature (many languages) and self-teaching
language methods. A good source of used paperback SF. Used books
are generally mingled with new ones. For technical and scientific
books, also look at the store on Place St-Michel. Also in other big
Librairie Breizh (near the Gare Montparnasse). Books and music about
Britanny and the Celtic world in general.
Librairie du Pacifique (near the Sorbonne). A good range of books on
Librairie Gourmande (4, rue Dante, Paris 5). For those who are interested
in books about food and cooking. Some books in English, but a large
and good selection in French.
Shakespeare's (near St. Michel across the Seine from Notre Dame). Probably
the best known English bookstore in Paris, even more than WH Smith
or Brentanos. The bookstore has an excellent collection of
non-fiction with some rare prints in stock. There is a small but
decent collection of paperback mysteries and SF paperbacks. A lot
of good European travel guides are available. "Shakespeare's deals
mainly in used books though they have a few new titles on display.
The bookstore itself is rather musty and old-worldish. A steep
flight of stairs leads you to a reading room on the first (American
second) floor where there are some rare, out of print books not for
Tea and Tattered Pages (4, Rue Mayet, about ten minutes' walk from Gare De
Montparnasse though the nearest metro is Duroc). This is a used
bookstore dealing almost exclusively in fiction. The selection is
pretty good. You can find some out of print books here if you look
long enough. The plus point abut this store is the low price tags
on the books. Almost all the books sell for less than 25 francs
(about US$4). Towards the back of the shop is a small tea room
where you can get American style munchies like bagels and cream
cheese and read some English newspapers and magazines while sipping
your tea.
Transmondia (Rue Douai, Metro Place Clichy or Blanche). Nice selection of
books on railroad topics, on both European and American prototypes.
Also N Gauge model trains. Credit cards accepted and English spoken.
The Village Voice (6, rue Princesse, Paris 6). A nice store; only books in
the English language. Some readings by poets or writers coming
through town. The owner is a pleasant lady who has lived in the
US, and knows the current literature.
Virgin Megastore (Champs Elysees). Music and books.
W. H. Smith (rue de Rivoli near the American Embassy and the Concorde
Place). Large English bookstore, carries about everything from
comics to videotapes. The SF/Fantasy/Horror section is now at the
bottom of the store, near the rear entrance. Hardbacks are
displayed on the top of the shelf, with some of the newest
paperbacks. The fantasy and SF are mixed; the horror books use a
separate third of the back shelf. More expensive in the average
than Brentano's.
"Don't know the names of the two shops I'm about to recommend, but I
can give fairly good geographic directions. The first is on the rue
Git-le-Coeur, the nearest Metro being St. Michel. It's a very short
street with only one bookstore on it, so it's easy to find. Specialises
in surrealism, comics, detective and SF, some erotica (at the back on the
right) and art books. Prices very competetive; many remainders, and some
antiqurian items. There is no apparent order to the place; it's small and
cluttered, with books piled up everywhere. Great place. The second is on
a corner of the place Sulpice, where the famous church is. It's a huge,
barn of a shop run by publisher Jean-jacques Pauvert. Very good general
stock, tendency toward avant-garde and surrealism. Used books mixed in with
the new. It's close enough to walk to from the Git-le-Coeur shop."
Of Shakespeare & Co., Bill Bryson says in his NEITHER HERE NOR THERE:
"... a wonderfully gloomy English-language bookstore full of cobwebs
and musty smells and old forgotten novels by writers like Warwick
Deeping. Plump chairs and sagging sofas were scattered about the rooms
and on each a young person in intellectual-looking glasses was curled
up reading one of the proprietor's books, evidently from cover to cover
(I saw one owlish young man turn down the corner of a page and replace
the book on its shelf before scowling at me and departing into the
night). The bookstore had an engagingly clubby atmosphere, but how it
stays in business I have no idea. Not only was the guy at the till
conspicuously underemployed--only at the most considerable of intervals
did he have to stir from his own book to transact a small sale--but the
store's location, on the banks of the Seine in the very shadow of
Notre-Dame, must surely push its rent into the stratosphere. Anywhere
else in the world Shakespeare & Co. would be a souvenir emporium,
selling die-cast models of the cathedral, Quasimodo ashtrays, slide
strips, postcards, and Ooh-La-La T-shirts, or else one of those
high-speed cafes where the waiters dash around frantically, leaving you
waiting forty minutes before taking your order, and then make it clear
that you have twenty-five seconds to drink your coffee, eat your baba
rum and clear off, and don't even *think* about asking for a glass of
water if you don't want spit in it. How it has managed to escape this
dismal fate is a miracle, but it left me in the right admiring frame of
mind, as I wandered back to my hotel through the dark streets, to think
that Paris was a very fine place indeed."
Subject: Amsterdam, The Netherlands
AKO Paper booth (the main concourse of the Central Station, Stationsplein
13, 1012 AB Amsterdam, +31-20-6266747: almost all trains, trams,
buses and subways stop here). Sells daily papers from all over the
world, including the New York Times, Intl. Herald Trib, USA Today,
Wall Street Journal. Even sells Turkish, Russian, Greek, German,
Indian, French and other-language-papers.
American Book Centers (Kalverstraat 185, 1012 XC Amsterdam,
+31-20-6255537, FAX +31-020-624-80-42; Tram 16, 24 and 25, stop
'Munt'). They cater to the large English-language community in
Holland. Besides a large selection in recent American fiction they
stock a lot of SF and fantasy. The staff is friendly and helpful.
If they don't have the books you want in stock they will try to
order them for you. They recently (8/93) dropped the word
"discount" from their name, but still offer a 10% discount to
students, teachers, and discount card holders. Open Mon-Wed,
Fri-Sun 10h-18h, Thu 10h-22h.
Atheneum Bookstore (Spui 14-16, 1012 XA Amsterdam, +31-20-6233933) and
Atheneum Newscentre (Spui 14-16, 1012 XA Amsterdam, +31-20-6242972);
(Tram 1, 2 and 5, stop 'Spui'). Next to each other. At the
newscentre you can buy all periodicals printed almost anywhere in
the world. It used to sell Marxist papers and other
out-of-the-ordinary-stuff. The bookstore is much like Scheltema,
Holkema, Vermeulen, but somewhat smaller. The staff know
De Slegte (Kalverstraat 48-52, 1012 PE Amsterdam, +31-20-6225933; Tram 1, 2,
4, 5, 13, 14, 16, 17, 24 and 25, stop 'Dam square'). A huge
bargain- and used-bookshop. Sells novels, academic books and maps.
Check out the antiquarian selection on the second floor (which might
be the third floor to Americans?).
Het Computercollectief (Amstel 312, 1017 AP Amsterdam, +31-02-6223573,
fax +31-20-6226668; Tram 6, 7 and 10, stop 'Oosteinde').
Amsterdam's source for computer-related information; it sells a
large range of computer software for different operating systems,
computer magazines, guidance books and software manuals in Dutch and
(most of them in) English.
Kloof Antiquarian (Kloveniersburgwal 44, 1012 CW Amsterdam, +31-20-6223828;
Subway, stop 'Nieuwmarkt'). An antiquarian bookshop similar to Kok,
selling books about economics, law, history, psychology, science,
literature and encyclopedias.
Kok Antiquarian (Oude Hooghstraat 14-18, 1012 CE Amsterdam, +31-20-6231191;
Subway, stop 'Nieuwmarkt'). A very interesting antiquarian bookshop
that sells second-hand Dutch books and English paperbacks (in the
basement), maps, books about art, architecture, history,
encyclopedias and illustrations.
Scheltema, Holkema, Vermeulen (Koningsplein 20, 1017 BB Amsterdam,
+31-20-5231411; Tram 1, 2 and 5, stop 'Koningsplein'). This is not
only the best but also the largest bookstore in The Netherlands.
Donner in Rotterdam may be the biggest in square meters, but SHV has
more titles in stock. Six floors full of books, from academic books
to poetry and from travel to literature in Dutch, English, French
and German language.
VU boekhandel (De Boelelaan 1105, 1081 HV Amsterdam, +31-20-6444355,
FAX +31-20-6462719; Tram 5, speed-tram 51, stop 'VU'). A recently
expanded, well-stocked academic bookstore. Besides catering to all
the university courses (the majority of books in English) of the
'Vrije Universiteit,' they sell lots of general books, maps,
magazines, etc. They also have quite a fair range of computer books
comparable to that of Het Computercollectief. Open Mon-Thu
9h-18.45h, Fri 9h-17.30h, Sat 9h-15.00h.
WH Smith (Kalverstraat 152, 1012 XE Amsterdam, +31-20-6383821). Quite a
large shop with 3-1/2 floors of books (the half floor is dedicated
to childeren books only). "Very experienced staff makes you buy
more than intended." The ground floor is for new books, SF, crime,
travel: very good selection, all the Lonely Planets and Let's Gos
are stocked, as well as local travel guides and magazines (some
titles only available from this shop). First (US second) floor is
for fiction, very large selelection, US and UK publications
stocked, as well as cookery, art, biography, poetry, and literary
criticism. Second floor (US third) for computer books, history,
health and languages.
As most Dutch shops, these bookshops are opened on Monday to Friday from
9.30h to 18.00h. On Saturdays they close an hour earlier. They are
closed on Sundays and some on Monday mornings.
There is also:
OTS Books Direct (PO Box 192, NL - 5300 AD Zaltbommel, NETHERLANDS,
+31-4180-16593, FAX +31-4180-15115, OTS Books
Direct represents Paramount Publishing in Europe and sells their
scientific books direct to the European market.
Subject: Groningen, the Netherlands
Godert Walter (Oude Ebbingestraat 53, Groningen, +31 (50) 12 25 23).
Specializes in books on art. Owner (Erik Kweksilber) is extremely
knowledgeable on the subject of typesetting.
Subject: The Hague, The Netherlands
American Book Centers (Lange Poten 23, 2511 CM 's Gravenhage,
+31-70-3642742, FAX +31-70-365-65-57). They cater for the large
English-language community in Holland. Besides a large selection in
recent American fiction they stock a lot of SF and fantasy. The
staff is friendly and helpful. If they don't have the books you
want in stock they will try to order them for you. They recently
(8/93) dropped the word "discount" from their name, but still offer
a 10% discount to students, teachers, and discount card holders.
Open Mon-Wed, Fri-Sat 10h-18h, Thu 10h-22h.
Subject: Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Donner (Lijnbaan 150/Binnenwegplein 7). Largest bookstore in the
Subject: Antwerpen/Antwerp, Belgium
FNAC (Groenplaats). Like all FNACs in Belgium, wide selection of books in
many languages; also music, photo, hi-fi, etc. Usually expensive.
Standaard Boekhandel (Huidevettersstr, off the Meir). Well-organised
English-language section, with good collection of fiction (including
SF) and non-fiction.
Subject: Brussel/Bruxelles/Brussels, Belgium:
FNAC (Nieusstr). Like all FNACs in Belgium, wide selection of books in
many languages; also music, photo, hi-fi, etc. Good reference
W. H. Smiths (Bvd. A. Max). Best English bookshop in Brussels, much used by
expatriots working for E.U. and other organisations. You'll find a
good choice of periodicals, SF, Penguins, and a decent reference
section. All imported from Britain.
Subject: Copenhagen, Denmark
Athenaeum (Noerregade 6). Medicine, psychology, paedagogics, and
English-language and literature.
Boghallen (Raadhuspladsen 37, DK-1550 Cop. V, +45 3311 8511). A good
place to buy books in English in Copenhagen.
Dickens--The Bookshop (Sankt Pedersstraede 30, +45 3393 0123). Complete
line of Penguin books.
Fantask (Sankt Pedersstraede 18, +45 3311 8538). Comics and SF.
Munksgaard A/S (Noerre Soegade 35 DK-1370 Cop. K, +45 3312 8570;
FAX +45 3315 3419). Used to be Ejnar Munksgaard.
Polyteknisk Boghandel (Anker Engelundsvej 1, +45 4288 1488). Technical
books. (This is the main building of the Technical University of
Denmark, and the bookstore is right across the corridor from
Danmarks Tekniske Bibliotek, the country's main library for
technical books and periodicals.)
In general, Noerregade and Fiolstraede (next to the Noerreport Station) are
the places to go shopping for books. A few large shops on Stroeget as
Subject: Bergen, Norway
Erasmus Montanus (Torgalmenningen 6, in the center of town, Galleriet)).
Mainly English-language books. Good selection of SF.
F. Beyer (Strandgaten 4, just off Torgalmenningen). Has both Norwegian and
English books. A few French, German, Spanish books. Good selection
Studia (Students Centre, Parkveien 1). University bookstore. Has large
selection of literature about many subjects, also paperbacks. Has
several sub-departments at five other places in town (law, economy,
medicine, etc.) (Reduced opening hours in the summertime.)
The various Narvesen kiosks have a varying amount of English-language books,
mainly best-sellers and SF, and also some foreign magazines in various
languages. Try the ones at the railway station and in Olav Kyrres gate (by
the Music Pavillion). The used-books stores have usually a small number of
English books. Bergen is one of the four university towns of Norway (the
other are Oslo, Trondheim and Tromsoe.
[This part contributed by Frank H. Flaesland (]
Subject: Oslo, Norway
Akademika (on the Blindern university campus, pb.84 Blindern;
tel. 22 85 30 30). University bookstore, fairly large selection in
most subjects. Penguin Classics and Penguin Modern Classics.
Slightly more expensive than most. Law department in the centre
building of the old university campus on Karl Johans gate. English
contemporary fiction on the Blindern campus in the "Frederikke"
cantine building neighbouring the main bookshop building.
Avalon (upstairs from Tanum, on Karl Johan, nr. 37/41, tel. 22 41 43 36);
SF, comics and games. The SF is mostly run-of-the-mill American
editions, nothing especially exciting or literary. No SF magazines
last time I looked. The service is very gaming-orientated.
Damms Antikvariat (between Karl Johan and the Akershus fortress, Tollbugt.
25, tel. 22 41 04 02). Used, for first editions, professional
collectors place.
J W Cappelens antikvariat (between Norli & Norlis antikvariat,
Universitetsgt 20, tel. 22 42 15 70). Used, like Damms, and
publishes regular catalogue. Auctions.
Majorstuen antikvariat, (off Bogstadveien, Vibesgt. 15, tel. 22 60 06 48).
Used, well-stocked.
Norli (just off Karl Johan by the old University campus, Universitetsg. 24;
tel. 22 42 91 35). Very good selection of books (fiction,
philosophy) in all Scandinavian languages, in addition to a fairly
well-stocked section of contemporary English-language novels, etc.
Good periodicals section, and language-learning sections. Very
competent service.
Norlis antikvariat (further up the road from Norli, Universitetsgt 18,
tel. 22 20 01 40). Used, well-stocked.
Oslo Nye Antikvariat (off Bogstadveien, Majorstuvn. 15, tel. 22 46 67 38).
Used, very good for all sorts of non-fiction. English fiction
(classics) down the stairs.
Quist (to the left of the Royal Palace, Drammensvn. 16, tel. 22 44 52 69).
Slightly eccentric, "Your English-Language Bookshop."
Scanalka (on the East side of the Akerselva river, in Grunerloekka, Thorvald
Meyers gt. 42, tel. 22 35 36 40). Occult, new age, health stuff.
Tanum (on Karl Johan, nr. 37/41, tel. 22 41 11 00). Largest bookshop in
Oslo, plenty of English-language paperbacks, a very good art
Travellers Shop (Uranienborgvn. 4?, tel. 22 56 25 30). For travellers.
Tronsmo (Kr. Aug. gt. 19, tel. 22 20 25 09). A very political, left-wing
bookshop with lots of theory and radical magazines - and a large
comics section in the cellar. Very competent service.
(university campus bookshop at Blindern). A good range of material in
foreign languages, especially English.
(Norwegian for bookshop is "bokhandel"; some will have stationary too--
"bok-og papirhandel"; for second hand books, try "antikvariat." Few of the
second-hand shops deal very much in English-language books for some reason--
they especially avoid paperbacks; but the ones listed have some. None have
any sort of expertise on contemporary international fiction. The Oslo
students' SF club has auctions twice a year (and also at conventions), very
reasonable prices for exciting books. Write to Aniara, pb. 38 Blindern,
N-0313 OSLO for details.)
Subject: Stockholm, Sweden
SF-Bokhandeln (Stora Nygatan 45 in Gamla Stan, +46-8-215052, FAX
+46-8-247730). Specializes in SF. Open weekdays 1100-1900,
Saturdays 1000-1600. During June, July, August and December; also
open on Sundays 1200-1600.
Subject: Helsinki, Finland
Akateeminen Kirjakauppa (Akademiska Bokhandeln in Swedish -- the other
official language there) (across the street from (and legally a part
of) the large Stockmann department store on Keskuskatu
(Centralgatan) at the corner of Pohjoisesplanaadi (Norra
Esplanaden)). Despite the name (literally: "Academic Bookstore"),
Akateeminen carries a large selection of modern fiction as well.
Books are in Finnish, Swedish, and English, and to a lesser extent
German, French, and Russian. This used to be the largest bookstore
in the world, with some 250,000 titles. (Akateeminen is actually a
chain, and their shops are found in or near most Stockmann
locations, but the one in Helsinki is the largest and best.
It is also the oldest, celebrating its 100th anniversary in 1993.
It has a cafe and carries 140,000 titles (1,000,000 volumes). It
was designed by the Finnish architect Alvar Aalto. There was an
article about it in the 27 Sep 1993 issue of PUBLISHERS WEEKLY.)
Suomalainen Kirjakauppa (Finska Bookhandeln in Swedish: Finnish Bookstore).
It's about one hunderd meters from Akateeminen and also opposite of
Stockmann but on the side of Aleksanterinkatu (Aleksandersgatan).
"It also sells books in different languages and it's the only
possible place in Finnland where you might find something that you
were looking in Akateeminen but did not find."
Subject: Berlin, Germany
Near the Technical University (former West Berlin) around Ernst Reuter
Platz, the two biggest stores are "Kiepert" (with two other (smaller)
outlets in Berlin near the Free University and the Humboldt University)
and "J. F. Lehmanns" (with three other (smaller) outlets in Berlin in
or near University Hospitals). For Lehmanns, there probably could be
given the same comment as above for the shop in Cologne ("Outlets also
in other towns .... Still, not a chain store"). Lehmanns also has net
J.F.Lehmanns (D-10623 Berlin, Hardenbergstrasse 11, +49 30 617911-0, fax:
+49 30 6115015, orders and questions via email:, orders via free phone (corresponding to
US 800-numbers) : 0130 4372). (German "bestellung" translates to
English "order")
"Kiepert" near Ernst Reuter Platz has several departments which are
specialized in Maps, Old Books, Pocketbooks, Art and many others,
including a big selection of books in English/original language.
As far as I know, "Lehmanns" was founded as a bookshop specialized
for medical books, but now they have other books too, eg. computer
and technical sections. (they advertise as "Fachbuchhandlung fuer
Medizin, Technik, Naturwissenschaften, Computerliteratur")
And besides these two big shops, there are many more (>10) small shops
in a range of few minutes walk by foot, part of them specialised in
certain kinds of books and literature, e.g., several shops for foreign
books (different shops for different languages/countries), one for
feminist books, some for Antiques, etc.
In Germany, postal codes (zip codes) are changing on 1st of July and all
cities get new numbers. Bigger cities like Berlin and Cologne get up to
800 new numbers for one city and maybe one of the bookstores mentioned
above (Kiepert) might even have three different codes for two halves of
its shop (it's around a corner of two streets at a 'zip boundary', and if
they have a postbox, that's the third number). People should watch for
new and correct codes if they already have addresses of some German shops.
"Most German books are available via a distribution system that includes
almost all shops in Germany, so shop size is not relevant. Ordered books
are usually available within the week."
[This part contributed by Andreas Bewersdorff (]
Subject: Cologne, Germany
Buchhandlung Klaus Bittner (Albertus Strasse 6; across the street from
Walther Koenig). Modern German language literature. Very helpful
and knowledgeable as well. Has also a very broad selection of books
on opera, theatre and ballet. Carries a small stock of English
paperbacks. Regular reading and lecture events with German language
and international writers. On Saturdays a meeting place of the
Cologne writers and would-be writers.
Buchhandlung Walther Koenig (Breite Strasse 93). A classic! Specialized in
fine arts,with an emphasis on contemporary art, design, museum
catalogues, architecture, photography, film. Two bookshops next to
each other. The one directly at the corner has bargain books; the
store next to it has the current editions as well as journals. "In
my personal view among the best for these subject areas. Good
selection of English language publications. The owner is a walking
CD-rom and famous in the German art scene. Equally helpful and
knowledgeable staff." English and French spoken. Outlets also at
the Museum Ludwig (Cologne's Museum of Contemporary Art close to the
Cathedral), at the Bundeskunsthalle (Bonn), in Duesseldorf and
Frankfurt am Main and may be at other places. Still, not a chain
Subject: Dortmund, Germany (city phone prefix is +49-231)
Krueger (Westenhellweg). Large bookshop with departments on a lot of
topics, good computer science department, bad service.
Niehoerster (large shop downtown and some outside areas). Usual topics
available, chaotic service.
Shakespeare (Saarlandstrasse). Nice small shop, actual literature and
used/antiquarian books. Very good in child books, criminal stories,
art. Qualified fast service. Irregular events with writers.
[This part contributed primarily by Thomas Dettmer
Subject: Frankfurt am Main, Germany
British Bookshop (Boersenstrasse 17, just off Hochstrasse near the
Frankfurt Stock Market, ++69-240492). "General selection, but seem
to have a helpful staff. I have only dealt with them by phone, but
if I ever visit them in person, I will send you some more comments."
Hugendubel (Hauptwache, ++69-29982-0). Large German bookshop with a fairly
big selection of mainstream English books on second floor. Overseas
orders take an average 4 weeks).
Muhlhausen Buchhandlung (near Hugendubel). Large independent bookstore with
90,000 to 100,000 books.
Sussmann's (Zeil 127, ++69-1310751). English, French, Italian, Spanish
books and a very large selection of US magazines.
Subject: Hamburg, Germany (city phone prefix +49-40-)
Colon, Esplanade (near Dammtor Bahnhof, Stephansplatz U-Bahn). Good foreign
language shop, belongs to Colon language institute
Dr. Goetze Land & Karte (Bleichenhof Shopping Mall). Travel, maps, and
geography books.
The English Bookshop (near Christuskirche U-Bahn). Used English books.
Frensche International (Landesbank Galerie, Gerhart-Hauptmann-Platz, along
Moenkebergstrasse in the City). Good foreign language shop.
Heymann's (on "Eppendorfer Baum"). Good general purpose bookstore.
Otto Spatz (near the University Hospital Eppendorf (UKE) in NW Hamburg).
Specializes in medical books.
Thalia Buchhaus (along Spitalerstrasse near Hauptbahnhof). Good large
general Bookshop. Some English literature.
[This part contributed mostly by Mathias Koerber
Hannover, Germany (city phone prefix +49-511-)
Schmorl u.v. Seefeld (near the main railway station). One of the oldest and
largest bookstores in Hannover. They have some separate branches in
other buildings nearby specializing in paperbacks, CD music,
newspapers, sales, childrens books, etc.
Weidemann (near "Steintor" place). They specialize in scientific books and
are the top address for all the students of the university.
"Internationalismus Buchladen" (on "Engelbosteler Damm"). "Definitely
left-wing, may lack some funding in these post-cold-war days... :-)"
[This part contributed by Harald Schiller Frame
Subject: Munich, Germany
Anglia English Bookshop (Schellingstrasse 3, +49 89 28 36 42). English
Comic Company (Baaderstrasse 74, +49 89 201 43 85). Comics, very good
choice, but nearly everything in German. If you are lucky, you may
find French or English original versions of some new interesting
titles (the shopkeeper sometimes doesn't want to wait until they get
translated into German!).
Geobuch (Rosental 6, 80331 Munich, +49 89 265 030). Travel guides, maps,
etc., for all parts of the world, even including jet navigational
Hugendubel (several *big* shops in Munich) big general bookstores, which
have almost everything (also comics, SF, ...), competent staff:
- Marienplatz 22 (+49 89 23 89 - 1)
The oldest (and biggest) "Hugendubel", good choice of everything
in German, good choice of English books, some books in a few
other languages (French, Italian, Spanish, ...)
- Karlsplatz (+49 89 552 25 30)
The newest, nicest (and second biggest) "Hugendubel", good choice
of everything in german. The best choice for foreign languages.
Small (non-smoker) cafe in the first floor inside of the
Other smaller "Hugendubel" :
- Nymphenburgerstrasse 188 (+49 89 168 93 75)
- shopping center "Olympiaeinkaufszentrum" (+49 89 149 10 10)
- shopping center "P.E.P." (+49 89 637 17 66)
Librairie Francaise (Schellingstrasse 3, +49 89 280 90 78). French books,
some French comics (very few).
Sussmann's Presse und Buch (in the central station "Hauptbahnhof," and in
the east station "Ostbahnhof", +49 89 551 17 - 0; several small
shops). This is also an important address, since shops in Germany
are not allowed to be open after certain hours and on certain days;
some of the few exceptions are shops in stations (supposed to be
only for travellers). Here you can find quite a lot of nearly every
kind of books (also a few in English, French, Italian, Spanish,
etc..), seven days a week until 21:00.
2001 (Tuerkenstrasse 67, +49 89 272 42 78). One of the most important
places for books/music. 2001 prints books you can't find anywhere
else (a lot of first printings in German, for instance, books from
Douglas Adams, Boris Vian, Alfred Jary, etc...). There are "2001"
bookstores in many German cities, they are usually small; but you
can order anything from their own catalogue.
Words' Worth (Schellingstr. 21A, 80799 Munich, +49 89 280 91 41--CAREFUL:
this street alone has three postal codes :-/]--50 meters distance
from Anglia Bookshop, in the immediate environs of the Ludwig
Maximillian University). British books; also accepts orders for
British and American books.
[This part mostly contributed by Francoise Miane
Subject: Zurich, Switzerland
Filmbuchhandel Rohr (Oberdorfstrasse). Good selection of books about film.
Orel Fuessli (Fuesllistrasse 4). Largest bookstore in the city, and even
larger now in their new (12/93) location. Large general selection,
excellent collection of German-language paperback novels, travel
guides for all over the world, maps, coffee-table travel picture
books. Decent selection of English-language books.
Payot (Bahnhofstrasse). Good French- and English-language bookstore.
General selection, good collection of art books. English-language
books are generally British editions.
Travel Bookstore (Rindmarkt). Excellent collection of travel guides and
maps. English-language guides available.
Subject: Vienna, Austria
American Discount (Wienzeile near Karlsplatz). Somewhat seedy store, but
good selection of new paperbacks, also comics and movie-related
books. Wide selection of foreign magazines. Sell almost
exclusively English-language stuff (except for the comics). Good
SF selection, comparable to Frick or British Bookshop.
British Book Shop (Weihburggasse). Regular book store with lots of English
stuff and staff. Nice people.
Frick (Graben). Mainly German, but has a nice department of foreign (French
& English) books. Perhaps not quite the size of the one at the
British Bookshop. SF selection is good. The main difference is
that they have more U.S. editions, while the British Book Shop has
more, though by no means exclusively, British ones.
Sallmayer (Neuer Markt, just off Kaerntnerstrasse). Not too friendly,
but interesting stock. Specialized shop, does not sell mainstream
literature, most of their stuff is in English. Mostly military,
technical, and arts books, but also SF. One shelf of used
English-language paperbacks.
Shakespeare & Company (Sterngasse near Pickwicks). Regular book store, lots
of English stuff.
Morawa (Wollzeile 11 (?)). Mainly German, but also has a small department
of foreign books, mostly English. Best known for magazines
(domestic and lots of foreign) because they are one of the biggest
importers (and resellers) of foreign magazines in Austria. Very
good selection of newspapers and of German and English-language
In general Wollzeile and the surrounding areas has many bookshops.
All of these are in the 1.Bezirk (the City), and are within easy walking
distance from Stephansplatz.
Subject: Istanbul, Turkey
There are two areas to look at. One is the bookseller's market at Beyazit;
this is mind-bogglingly chaotic, particularly the second-hand shops, and
mainly good for Turkish-language material. The other is in the
Pera/Beyoglu area from the Tunel to Taksim Square; there are a few places
here that sell foreign-language books, and one small shop in a square near
the Tunel has the only second-hand shop in town that sells English and
French language stuff (the square it's in will make any cat lover go all
wobbly, there are dozens of lovely fluffy moggies outside). There are also
bookshops attached to publishers all over the city (though predominantly in
Sultanahmet as that's where the publishers themselves congregate). But for
general tourist guides and informative material about Turkey in any language
you probably can't beat the shop beside the Blue Mosque.
Evelyn C. Leeper | +1 908 957 2070 | /
Evelyn C. Leeper | +1 908 957 2070 |
"The Internet is already an information superhighway, except that ... it is
driving a car through a blizzard without windshield wipers or lights, and all
the road signs are written upside down and backwards."--Mike Royko (not Dave
Archive-name: books/stores/north-american/northern
Last change:
Mon May 2 11:32:28 EDT 1994
Calgary AB
Montreal PQ/QC (Footnotes, Librairie Bertrand)
Toronto ON (Book City, Glad Day)
Vancouver BC (Ariel Books, Siliconnections)
Copies of this article may be obtained by anonymous ftp to
under /pub/usenet/news.answers/books/stores/north-american/northern.Z. Or,
send email to with "send
usenet/news.answers/books/stores/north-american/northern" in the body
of the message.
This FAQ is in digest format.
Cities (listed geographically east-to-west) include:
Montreal QC/PQ
Ottawa ON
Toronto ON
Guelph ON
Windsor ON
Winnipeg MB
Calgary AB
Edmonton AB
Vancouver BC
Victoria BC
Fairbanks AK
Anchorage AK
[Note 1: This list includes cities in Canada and Alaska, and would include
Greenland if anyone sent me any bookstores there. Iceland would go into
the European list if anyone sent me any from there. Lists for other
geographic areas are posted in separate messages at the same time as this
[Note 2: I collected these comments from a variety of people. I personally
have no knowledge of many of these places and take no responsibility if you
buy a book you don't enjoy. :-) Phone numbers and precise addresses can be
gotten by calling directory assistance for the appropriate city. Call ahead
for precise hours, as even when I list them they are subject to change.]
[Note 3: If you can add information for any of these, in particular
addresses when they are missing, please send it to me.]
[Note 4: I am cross-posting this to rec.arts.sf.written, but the bookstores
listed include *all* types of bookstores, so please don't tell me that a
particular store has a limited SF section unless I have specifically claimed
otherwise. All references to science fiction are abbreviated SF for ease in
electronic searching.]
Subject: Montreal QC/PQ
Since in Montreal both English and French are pretty well served in the book
department, this is divided up by language, though there are probably some
French books in some of the stores listed under "English" and vice versa.
Bookstores/Montreal, Quebec (area code 514)
Canadian Centre for Architecture Bookshop (1920 Baile, 514-939-7028).
Recommended for art and design books. Obviously pricey. See also
the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts Bookshop.
Double Hook (1235A Greene, Westmount 514-932-5093). All and only Canadian
books. Owner and employees are steeped in info about Canadian
literature, publishing, etc.
Footnotes (1454 Mackay, Phone: None (!)). Used books. Footnotes
specializes in philosophy, history, and religion, with a good
selection of quality fiction as well.
McGill University Bookstore (McTavish above Sherbrooke, 514-398-7444).
Deadly: they've *all* the Penguin Classics on one wall! Also almost
the entire catalog of Dover books, plus standard textbooks galore.
Phone number's probably listed under McGill in the book.
Montreal Museum of Fine Arts Bookshop (1379 Sherbrooke W). Recommended for
art and design books. Obviously pricey. See also the Canadian
Centre for Architecture Bookshop.
Nebula (1452 St-Mathieu, across the street from the GUY Metro, 514-932-3930, SF, fantasy and crime. Also underground comics.
They carry virtually every North American SF book in print,
including the specialty presses. They also have a number of UK
titles and even some stuff from Australia, most periodicals, and
publications in related areas of interests, including genre,
classic, and cult film & television; screenplays, director bios, and
film magazines. Owner Claude Lalumiere is encyclopedic on these
genres. By sending e-mail to with the subject
"catalog", you can get the mail-order catalog of books and magazines
sent to your e-mailbox, with reviews from the store's staff and
ordering information, indexed by categories. You can also e-mail us
with comments or questions. Open 7 days.
Nicholas Hoare (1368 Greene, Westmount, 514-933-4201; also inside Ogilvy,
Ste-Catherine st Crescent, 514-499-2005). Probably the best
selection of new English books in town. Good sections on travel,
mystery, biography. Lots of British imports. Helpful staff.
Paragraph (2065 Mansfield, 514-845-5811). Decent all-purpose bookstore near
McGill University. Has a cafe.
Bibliomanie (4872 av du Parc, 514-278-6401). Has its moments--worth
checking out if you're on the Plateau, but not worth a special trip
to the neighborhood.
Cheap Thrills (1433 Bishop, 514-844-7604; 2044 Metcalfe, 514-844-8988).
Books, also records and CDs. Rated best second-hand bookshop in
recent local survey, but I think Welch's and the Word are better.
Not bad, though.
Russell Books (275 St-Antoine West, 514-866-0564). Big sprawling
disorganized bookshop, remainders, shelves of abandoned books. Not
for the five-minute sprint--takes an hour or so to be browsed
through--and not for those with allergies to dust.
S. Welch Bookseller (3878 St-Laurent, 514-848-9358). Located between a good
cafe and an excellent ice-cream store. Has a nice black-and-white
cat called Rosie. Books interesting, cheap, plentiful.
Westmount Phoenix (320 Victoria, 514-484-4428). A nice tiny bookshop up a
winding staircase, but has limited opening hours so best to phone.
The Word (469 Milton, 514-845-5640). In the McGill Ghetto. Adrian's been
running this tiny store for more than ten years. I never visit
without finding something I want. A landmark.
L'Androgyne (3636 St-Laurent, 514-842-4765). Gay/lesbian/bisexual books.
Boule de Neige (4433 St-Denis, 514-849-0959). New Age, esoterica, magic,
Eastern religion.
Le Camelot Info (1191 Phillips Square, 514-861-5019). Computer books,
English and French. Pretty exhaustive.
Librairie Bertrand (705 Sainte-Catherine ouest #2-134, 514-849-4533).
"Depuis plus de trente ans, la librairie Bertrand offre ses services
aux lecteurs de Montreal en offrant une grande selection de livres
francais; le personnel competent fait la reputation de cette
boutique qui a reouvert ses portes dans de nouveaux locaux depuis
peu, au Centre Eaton de Montreal. Le service des commandes
speciales accepte de poster outre-mer et se fait un plaisir de vous
servir." [And now, for your amusement, my feeble attempt to
translate this, given that I never actually studied French--can
someone who actually knows French supply a better?: "For more than
thirty years, La Librairie Bertrand has offered its services to the
readers of Montreal by offering a great selection of French books;
its knowledgeable staff gives it the reputation of a boutique that
has opened its doors in this new location in the Eaton Centre of
Montreal. They accept overseas orders and are pleased to be at your
Champigny (4380 St-Denis, 514-844-2587). Huge sprawling beautiful bookshop,
divided in that curious French method into separate sections by
publisher. Also has magazines and CDs on ground floor--literature's
upstairs. Big section of bandes dessinees. Beware the bank
Librairie Gallimard (3700 St-Laurent, 514-499-2012). Quiet, classy,
well-stocked. Offers a computer terminal so you can access their
database and see what's in stock by title or author.
Librairie du Square (3453 St-Denis, 514-845-7617). Nice little place in the
Quartier Latin. This is where you buy a copy of LES FLEURS DU MAL
before drinking aperitifs on a terrasse.
Caron Libraire (1246 St-Denis, 514-845-7307). A standard place to find
French classics.
Librairie Henri-Julien (4800 Henri-Julien, 514-844-7576). Tiny but
well-organized, run by one guy who knows where everything is. Not
easy to find.
"I haven't listed the big dull chain stores,which folks can find for
themselves on main drags and in malls. There are also many little corner
shops of no special interest - not worth sending people there to look."
[Most of this section contributed by Kate McDonnell,]
Subject: Ottawa ON
Argosy Books (216 Dalhousie at Guigues (Market area), 613-230-1319). Used
books. Often treasures in the $1 bin outside. Good collection of
Penguins. Specializes in natural history, gardening, technology,
Arctica, and children's books. A very comfortable shop with
friendly staff. "The owner is friendly, knowledgeable and
widely-read; lots of stools around for you to sit and browse."
Arlington Books (21 Arlington at Bank (Downtown), 613-232-6975). Used
books. Specializes in armchair travel, nautical, voyaging and
fiction. Located in a cosy old brick house. The proprietor, Otto
Graser, is worth a visit in his own right. He runs a small printing
press out of the back as well, and sell off-prints of his own poems.
In the summer months, the store closes while Otto lives in his 15th
Century "chateau" in Southern France.
The Astrolabe Gallery (91 Sparks at Metcalfe (Downtown), 613-234-2348). Not
strictly a book store, but does carry some antiquarian books in
addition to its primary line of rare maps and prints.
Barclay's Books (98 Hawthorne at Main (east of Pretoria Bridge),
613-238-7509). Used books. Specialized in Canadiana and militaria
before a recent change in ownership (9/93). The new owner is trying
to move this stock and specialize more in Canadian fiction. A large
selection, and a nice musky atmosphere.
Bay Used Books (1181 B Richmond Road, 613-596-1966).
Benjamin Books (122 Osgoode at King Edward (east of Ottawa University),
613-232-7495). New and used books. Large selection. The new books
are primarily standard literature texts on the University curricula.
There is a wide selection of Canadiana, religion, and travel, and
scholarly and classical works generally.
The Bibliothecary at Bentley's (145 Bentley Ave., Nepean, 613-225-5613).
The Book Bazaar (755 Bank at 2nd Avenue (The Glebe), 613-233-4380). Used
books. Well-known for its wheel barrow of books for $1 (or free).
Large fiction section (especially paperbacks). The best selection
of music books, especially scores, in town. Also covers Canadiana,
art, literature, and children's.
The Book Den (263 McLaren at Metcalfe (Downtown), 613-236-3142). Used
books. A small store on the first floor of an apartment building
(a block away from where Canada's current Prime Minister lived).
Small selection, but fairly high quality. General, literature, art,
Canadiana, history, Catholica, cookbooks and children's.
Book Heaven (2297 St-Joseph Boulevard, Orleans, Ontario, 613-830-3365). New
and used books. Large selection.
The Book Mark I (163 Laurier Avenue East at King Edward (south of Ottawa
University), 613-563-8798). Used books. Intriguing walk-down store
specializing in Academic and alternative books, philosophy,
religion, and history. Popular with the University crowd.
The Book Mark II (on Rideau just east of King Edward (next to the By-Towne
Cinema)). Used books. The Book Mark has just recently set up
this satellite branch beside Ottawa's most popular and trendy
repertory theatre, and established long opening hours
seven-days-a-week. To please the cinema-going crowd, the Book Mark
II specializes in history, occult, and fiction.
The Book Market (374 Dalhousie between George and Rideau (Market area),
613-234-1753; branches at 1534 Merrivale Road in Nepean, the Alta
Bank Shopping Plaza, and 1675 Tenth Line Road). Used books. Not an
antiquarian store, but good if you're looking for a particular
recent title, because of their sheer volume. Friendly staff does
searches of their and other branches. The one on Dalhousie is two
stories with a good SF selection and does searches.
David Dorken Books (207 Dalhousie at Guigues (Market area), 613-232-3101).
Used books. A professional, yet still welcoming store with stock
well displayed. The old, rare, and unusual, with a lot of
reasonably priced Canadiana, literature, and art. Also French
books: literature and history.
David Ewen Books (P.O. Box 4808, Stn. E., Ottawa, K1S 5H9, 613-725-3103).
Used books. Canadiana, Americana, as well as Canadian prints.
Earthwise Books (216 Bank (Downtown), 613-238-8363). New books on
environmental and planet-friendly themes.
Food for Thought (Byward Market area). Eclectic is the word.
House of Speculative Fiction (105 4th Ave at Bank (The Glebe),
613-235-6517). SF, horror, and fantasy. It takes special orders
and offers friendly service out of an old (100 yrs?) house.
"They're looking to expand and the staff is friendly and
knowledgeable and do refer you to other places if they haven't got
what you want." "You might spy Charles de Lint hanging out."
Librarie de la Capitale (171 Rideau at Dalhousie (Market area),
613-236-7287). New books. French. Large collection of French
literature, dictionaries, essays, etc.
Librarie Trillium (321 Dalhousie at York (Market area), 613-236-2331).
New books. French. Large collection of French books, magazines and
Loisir des Usagers (321 Boulevard St-Joseph, Hull (across the river from
Ottawa), 819-778-0341). Used books. French. Good selection of
paperback fiction. Cheap, as French paperbacks go.
McGahern (J. Patrick) Books Inc. (783 Bank, 613-230-2275). Used and
antiquarian and rare books; Canadiana.
Neil Cournoyer Books (1194 Bank Street at Ossington, 613-237-0500). Used
books. Located a bit south of the Glebe, but still in the heart of
the action with many antique stores in the neighbourhood. Neil
specializes in literature, especially first editions and cheap
copies of the classic required by the curriculum at nearby Carleton
University. One of the newer book-shops, but a very nice one. Neil
is now beginning new specialities in Medieval Studies, and Myths and
The Old Book Cellar (238 Dalhousie (Market area), 613-232-2121). Quality
used books. Art book specialists.
Octopus Books (798 Bank at 3rd Avenue (The Glebe), 613-236-2589). New books
on socialist and internationalist themes. Run on a non-profit basis
(intentionally!) by a socialist collective. They often host
socialist talks or films in the store in the evenings.
Ottawa Women's Bookstore (Elgin Street).
Patrick McGahern Books Inc. (783 Bank at 3rd Avenue (The Glebe),
613-230-2275). New and used books. A good collection of paperback
fiction upstairs. But downstairs the layout is that of a true
antiquarian book-store, with high shelves and tall ladders.
Specializes in used and rare books, Canadiana, Arctica, voyages and
travels, medicine, and Irish history and literature. Recently
(9/93), Patrick has acquired a considerable stock of remaindered new
books from the University of Toronto Press. The front part of the
store is now full of these new scholarly works at a fraction of
their original prices. A very knowledgeable book-seller.
R.R. Knott, Bookseller (3 Roberta Cres., Nepean, Ontario, K2J 1G5,
613-825-0537). Used books. Rare and interesting books. Canadian
literature and modern firsts. Ancient and medieval studies.
Richard Fitzpatrick Books (242 1/2 Dalhousie at St. Patrick (Market area),
613-562-1088). Used books. Overflowing stock cramped into what
seems like a fairly tiny place. Still, an eclectic mix of used and
rare books, Canadiana, religions, myths and general stock. Richard
Fitzpatrick, with his near-waist-length hair, can usually be seen
transacting business on the steps outside the store, where there is
more room!
Renouf Books (61 Sparks at Elgin (Downtown), 613-238-8995. Good selection
of new books. Federal and Ontario Government publications.
International Reports and Documents. General business and current
Sapre Aude Books (4th Ave at Bank (The Glebe)). Native Studies, Eastern
religions, women's studies.
Sunnyside Bookshop (113 Murray at Sussex (Market area), 613-236-0943).
Consciousness through holistic health, psychology, spirituality,
astrology, occult.
Thorne and Co. (803 Bank at 3rd Ave (The Glebe), 613-232-6565). Gardening
books (exotic and practical), including gardening books for
Traveller's Tales Books (20 Powell Hill Avenue, Ottawa, K1S 2A1,
613-236-6650). Used books. By appointment or mail order. Fine and
interesting books in many fields, especially travel, cookery,
literature, Jane Austen, decorative arts, and children's.
[Most of this section contributed by Paul Shuttle,]
Subject: Toronto ON
Atticus Books (84 Harbord just west of Spadina). Used books. "Atticus is
probably the finest used bookstore for scholarly books in Toronto.
It has an excellent philosophy/social-sciences section, books are in
excellent shape. Two floors; basement is softcover only. Also good
selection of art books, some rare."
Bakka Books (Queen W near Spadina). The SF bookstore in Toronto. "They
have an e-mail newsletter-cum-catalogue, annotated by their
knowledgeable staff who seem to read everything in print."
"This is *the* SF bookstore in Toronto, a must-visit for any SF fan.
Right across from Bakka is Silver Snail, the best comic bookstore in
Book City (501 Bloor W, 348 Danforth Ave, and other locations). Good
selection of small press as well as everything else. Good newstand.
No place to sit. Helpful staff. Cat-free, but famous people wander
through: Barbara Gowdy, Sheilagh Rogers, Ralph Benmergui, and more.
(Canuck alert: above named are Canadians, you might not have heard
of them.) Mentioned by posters as one of Canada's best bookstores.
"All hardcovers are sold with a discount (I think 10%) price." Open
till midnight.
Britnell's Bookstore (Yonge Street north of Bloor). One of the best and
most popular bookstore in Toronto and is a must for any book buyer!
Coles (see World's Biggest Bookstore).
College Bookshop (College and Major). A really fine small bookstore, heavy
on non-fiction, light on fiction. "Has the distinction of ordering
other bookstore in the world." No GST (Good and Services Tax) at
this bookstore. Also a discount card--buy 10, get one (1/10 the
price of the total spending) free."
David Mirvish's Bookstore.
DEC. Radical bookstore.
Edward's Books and Art. Small chain. "Always have a large selection of
interesting coffee table art books on sale, 50-60% off." Late
evening hours.
Glad Day (598-A Yonge north of Wellesley). Gay/lesbian/bisexual books.
It's on the second floor, but there is a large pink neon sign at
street level. The store has an excellent selection of
gay/lesbian/bisexual literature (fiction and non-fiction), AIDS
information, and an international assortment of magazines and
journals. Unfortunately, it's also one of the bookstores targeted
for arbitrary censorship by Canada Customs.
Lichtman's. Small chain with an impressive selection of newspapers and
magazines. Late evening hours.
Monroe's. The highest ceilings in a bookstore in Canada.
Pages (Queen St E near John St).
This Ain't the Rosedale Library (Church St near Wellesley).
Unknown Worlds (Danforth just east of Pape; Pape subway stop). Small,
sometimes smoky. Good selection of SF, horror, magazines (back
issues especially) and comics.
World's Biggest Bookstore (WBB) (Edward Street between Yonge and Bay). Part
of the Coles bookstore chain (one of the two surviving large
chains--the other is Smithbooks, formerly W. H. Smith). Claims to
be the largest bookstore in the world (or did at one time). One
poster qualifies this with, "But it isn't a great bookstore. For
one thing, it's really just a Coles on growth hormones. (What do I
mean by that? I guess I mean that the selection is wide, but not
deep. For example, there are a lot of books about the Napoleanic
wars, but they seem to have been chosen at random and with little
thought. There might be several biographies of Henry VIII and
Cromwell but none of More.) I've spent many a spare moment on the
TTC pondering the question of exactly how they select their books.
I can't decide if they make a list of every book which is currently
on the shelves or in a box in *any* Coles in Canada and get a copy
of it, or if the way Coles deals with its remainders is to have all
the stores ship them to this one (in which case, they augment the
selection with a lot of copies of "current" stuff)." (Another
poster says, "I like that summary. I also like to shop there.")
Late evening hours.
several used book stores along Queen St E between John and Bathurst, along
Bloor Street west of Spadina, and Harbord Street east of Spadina.
a few good used bookstores on Yonge between Bloor and College.
"My usual route is: From Queen's Park TTC (subway) station W along College
St to the University of Toronto bookstore at College & St George (1/4 mile).
W along College, N on Spadina to Harbord St (1/2 mile); watch for Atticus
Books and About Books. S on Spadina to Queen St -- W on Queen to Abelard
Books (about 1 mile from Harbord). E on Queen to pick up the rest (about
3/4 mile to the Osgoode TTC station). (Keep your eyes open along Queen;
there are a number of used bookstores on the second floor.)"
Subject: Guelph, ON
The Book Shelf (41 Quebec Street). A diverse selection of magazines and
books for all interests. "Some of my friends in Toronto said The
Book Shelf rivals some of the better bookstores in Toronto. They
deal in new books and their magazine selection is better than some
good newsstands in Canada. Anything you cannot find on their
shelves can be ordered through them. This is their 20th year and
according to a local newspaper, they are currently computerizing
their shop. However, the uniqueness of the Book Shelf is not only
in their books, but they also have (1) a cafe, (2) a cinema (for
foreign films) and (3) a patio (summer only, this is Canada after
all!) all under the same roof." This place is highly recommended.
Subject: Windsor, Ontario
Starting from the south and working north towards the river:
Bookmark Book Exchange (537 Ouelette, 519-253-8231). New and used
paperbacks. It's a small store but absolutely crammed with books.
This place also carries Dover editions including children's books
and coloring books.
Borderline Books (39 Park W, 519-256-9042). Eclectic selection of art
books, political science, psychology, and literature.
Coles (255 Ouelette, 519-253-8144). This is a chain store with the usual
selection of best sellers, paperbacks, how-to books, and the like.
South Shore Books (164 Pitt St W, 519-253-9102). Literature, history,
children's books. It's not huge, but it's a pleasant place to
University of Windsor Bookstore (just off the bridge). It has some great
little things.
[Most of this section contributed by Sandra Loosemore,
Subject: Winnipeg, MB
Bold Print (about a block down from Osborne on River). Women's bookstore.
"It doesn't have the greatest selection but it's our only woman's
bookstore. The women who work there are amazingly helpful!"
McNally Robertson (Osborne Village at River and Osborne). Great selection!!
University of Manitoba Bookstore. Amazing classical literature selection.
Subject: Calgary AB
A & B Sound (140 8th Ave SW, 403-232-1200). This store has become somewhat
of a legend for its amazingly low prices since it opened here less
than two years ago. The first two FLOORS are for CDs (new releases
for CDN$11.88-12.88--that's less than US$10 for a CD!) and
audio/video stuff. The top (third) floor is the bookstore (movies
are also sold there) and the prices are standard A & B fare: 15-30%
(or more) below cover price. Tough to beat!
Apple Books (Brentwood Village Mall, 403-284-1100; D171 Glenmore Landing,
403-255-3174). A store that specializes in educational books and
materials, but also have good selections of history, classics, and
Book Company (Banker's Hall, 3rd St at 8th Ave SW, 403-237-8344). Large
store with a good, broad selection (lots of Penguins, as well as big
history and art sections but the SF selection is poor).
Coles, The Book People (14 stores (seems like one in every mall)). The
biggest chain in the city. Standard mall-type bookstore selection,
but they do have good sales (and they've always got something on
sale). CON: They don't usually carry anything outside of the
mainstream releases (try Sandpiper Books). PRO: With 14 stores,
if the local store has sold out of a particular book, you never have
far to go to check another (and they can bring in other copies
quickly; they are a national chain).
Map Town (640 6th Ave SW, 403-266-2241). Map Town sells, well, maps, *but*
they also have a large and diverse selection of travel books.
Sandpiper Books (1587 7th Ave SW, 403-228-0272; 1145 Kensington Cr NW,
403-270-2115). One of the better independent stores in the city;
they carry some pretty interesting stuff that's not found at other
more mainstream stores. A good, reliable order desk and
well-informed staff.
Sentry Box (2047 34th Ave SW, 403-242-4567). If you want SF in Calgary,
this is the place for you, bar none. They have over 5000 titles
(only SF), plus art books/prints, and lots of other cool SF stuff.
(Note: The store is actually a gaming store; the bookstore is in the
back.) Some manga and anime as well.
[Most of this section contributed by Mark Stadel,]
Subject: Edmonton AB
Aspen Books (10624 Whyte Ave). Another independent bookstore. "A bit
smaller than the other two (Audrey's and Greenwoods')." A good one
to hit on a Whyte Avenue sweep (see below).
Athabasca Books (8228 105 Street, 403-431-1776). This interesting store,
just around the corner from Bjarne's, is also Bjarne's main
competition. Owner Margo has spend several years building up a fine
stock of antiquarian and out-of-print books. There are good
selections in Canadiana, children's books, theology, music, and
Audrey's Books (10702 Jasper Ave). One of the best independent bookstores
in Edmonton. Two floors, friendly staff, and lots of selection.
Their SF section is a bit small, and in the basement.
Bjarne's Books (10533 82 Ave, 403-439-7133). Was the other second-floor
store, but now occupies a new, snazzy location. One of Edmonton's
better used bookstores. A great collection of Canadiana, including
first-editions of novels and historical works on the Arctic and the
exploration of Western Canada. In any case, it's probably the best
for Antiquarian books Bjarne is a knowledgable and friendly dealer
and is a member of Antiquarian Booksellers of Canada.
Coles (Bonnie Doon Mall). Surplus store.
Edmonton Book Store (8530 109 Street, 403-433-1871). Originally a used book
store on the university campus, this bookstore now caters to both
students and the general book-buying public. Good selections in
most of the standard areas and an interesting selection of
antiquarian and Canadiana. Lots of paperbacks in the basement.
Edmonton Computer Books (10265-107 St, 403-429-1077, fax 403-429-1964). A
couple of blocks down the street from Audrey's. "I *love* this
store, and want everyone to support it so I don't have to go to
Calgary to get these kind of books like I used to."
Flights of Fantasy Books (7508 103 St; Best Route--take Calgary Trail North
or South, turn left on 76th or 75th Ave. Don't turn too early.
403-433-0693). Right next to the Greyhound station. Edmonton's SF
bookstore, with a good selection of Canadian SF as well as all other
kinds. Prominent authors get their own shelves. Also features
horror, mysteries, and thrillers. Martin, the manager, is
incredibly knowledgeable and has a great memory.
Greenwoods' Bookshoppe (10355 Whyte Ave). Another great independent
bookstore. Has a large SF section than Audrey's, and stocks more
Canadian SF. Also has a friendly staff. Two subsidiaries,
Greenwood's Small World (children's books and novelties) and
Greenwoods' Calendars Etc. (as the title says...) are just around
the corner on 104 St.
Old Penny Bookshop (9112 112 St; really in HUB Mall at the University of
Alberta). A small second-hand store, but treasures can be found
there. Prices are a bit higher than many second-hand stores.
Varscona Books (2 Floor, 10824a 82 Ave). One of two small upstairs
secondhand bookstores on Whyte Avenue. Has a good selection--more
of the literary and non-fiction hardcover than Wee Book Inn, and is
particularly good for language dictionaries.
Volume II Bookshop (12433 102 Ave). A small place, and its SF is together
with its mainstream. Its best selection is in children's books.
Wee Book Inn (10310 Whyte Ave, 10428 Jasper Ave, 8216 118 Ave, and 15103A
Stony Plain Rd). The premiere used bookstore chain in Edmonton.
The Whyte Avenue location is the largest, and as of this writing
recently renovated, but there's good selection here. Normal price
is 1/2 cover price, trade-ins accepted. Peeve: the books are only
vaguely alphabetized. Also, most stores feature semi-resident cats,
are in the seedier parts of town, and are open till midnight.
82 (Whyte) Avenue is by far the best place for a bookhunter to go wandering.
The biggest cluster is around 103 and 104 St. (Calgary Trail North and
South), where you have Greenwoods' and the main Wee Book Inn. In addition,
on 81 Avenue there's also Warp 1 Comics & Games, which has a few SF books in
addition to the comics and games. South on the Calgary Trails you get to
Flights of Fantasy and The Curious Mind, a children's bookstore a block or
so north. Heading west, you hit Bjarne's at 105th on the south side of the
street, and Aspen a block later on the north side. (Athabasca Books, a good
place to look for used romances and some other second-hand stuff, is half a
block north on 105th Street.) Then Varscona books upstairs by 109th Street,
on the north side of the street--if you're not watching, you may miss it.
Across the street from that is Tumbleweed Books, which is really more of a
comic store these days. You can also continue up 109th Street to the
Edmonton Book Store on 85 Ave., a second-hand store that, due to its
proximity to the University, has a thriving business in textbooks. On 88
Ave., there's Second Fiddle books, another upstairs second-hand store I know
little about. If you're still feeling energetic, you could go over to HUB
Mall and check out the Old Penny, but I'd be more inclined to stop and have
nachos at one of the restaurants in that area.... (Aaron Humphrey,
Subject: Vancouver, BC
A B C Book & Comic Emporium (1247 Granville Street, 604-682-3019). It's a
used book store, with all kinds of books, but has a section at least
twenty metres long with floor to ceiling SF, including some rarities
like the first paperback edition of Piper's LORD KALVAN OF
Albion Books (523 Richards). Used books. Mostly literature and history,
some music books.
Ashley Books (3754 W 10th,604-228-1180). Used books. "One of the best used
bookstores I've been in anywhere. An excellent selection of
hardcovers in good condition, plus a fairly good assortment of
paperbacks. Strong in literature, philosophy, the arts, history.
Worth a special trip if you're in town."
Banyen Books (2671 W Broadway, 604-732-7912). A "new-age" bookstore:
metaphysics, ecology, new age, Eastern religions etc. "Plus a lot
more that shows you can't judge a bookstore by their Yellow Pages
ad. The biggest and best of its kind in Canada."
Blackberry Books (Granville Island: 1663 Duranleau; Kitslano: 2206 W 4th).
New books. Nice selection. Knowledgeable staff.
Book Warehouse (635 W Broadway, 1150 Robson, 2388 W 4th, also in the
Metrotown mall in Burnaby). Remainders, special deals, off-prints.
Not a reliable selection, but there are usually good bargains here.
Colophon Books (407 West Cordova upstairs, 604-685-4138). A mix of new
paperbacks (mostly modern fiction) and used. "Black Sparrow books
have their own glass-doored bookcase. Good prices. Near Gastown
(as are a wide assortment of other used bookstores)."
The Comic Shop (4th Ave). A reasonable selection of new and used SF.
Duthie's (downtown: 919 Robson; university: 4444 W 10th; Arbutus Village;
Duthie_Books@Mindlink.BC.CA). Good all-purpose bookstore; new
books. University branch has more esoteric selection, but the
downtown branch is bigger. Mentioned by posters as one of Canada's
best bookstores. They also will do searches for out-of-print books
and mail worldwide.
Granville Book Company (850 Granville St, 604-687-2213). A cooperative
ownership. Good stock of mystery and SF. Usually excellent on new
younger writers. Top notch computer book section. Always willing
to take orders. "You wouldn't normally expect a very good selection
on this stretch of street, but for a small bookstore, it has
excellent taste in modern fiction. At least it matches my
Lawrence Books (3591 W 41st at Dunbar, 604-261-3812). Used books.
Excellent selection of history and literature. Knows the value of
what he has, so there are very few great bargains. "A nice
neighborhood used bookstore, with a broad selection of books that
look like they've come from retired university professors, i.e.,
good quality, eclectic collection."
Little Sisters Book & Art Emporium (1221 Thurlow, 604-669-1753, FAX
604-685-0252). A gay/lesbian/bisexual bookstore, well known for
fighting Canada Customs on censorship issues.
MacLeod's Books (455 W Pender). Used books. Excellent history and art
selections. Some of the staff are extremely knowledgeable, but some
of the younger staff are not, and can mislead the customer.
Michael Thompson Bookseller 9311 W Cordova). Used bookstore, with extensive
horror and okay SF collections. (Recently had a complete Weird
Tales set, most of which has since been sold.)
Mystery Merchant Bookstore (1952 W 4th). Mystery and suspense books, spy
thrillers. Lots of Canadian authors.
Neville Books (7793 Royal Oak, Burnaby). Used books. Specializes in
military history, but has a good selection of other stuff. Carries
new books by local authors. Extremely knowledgeable bookseller.
Spartacus Books (311 West Hastings, upstairs, 604-688-6138). A wide
selection of new books on anarchism, lesbian/gay/bisexual issues,
socialism, labour, environment, postmodernism, Asian studies,
Canadian studies, etc., as well as an excellent selection of current
periodicals. Cooperative-owned, volunteer-run, bargains on a small
selection of used books, open evenings, and there's a couch for
Vancouver Women's Bookstore & Centre (315 Cambie, 604-684-0523). Near
Gastown. "Small, but focussed, and friendly."
White Dwarf Books (4374 West 10th Avenue, 604-228-8223). Fantasy and SF.
"I completed my H. Beam Piper collection there, and they had all but
two of them in stock, and ordered those." "A description of White
Dwarf is incomplete without a mention of the dog. Next to the cash
register sleeps a basset of various hues of brown. A sound from
outside arouses his interest and he's off, out the door. The
storekeeper runs after, calling, "Manny! Manny!" He reluctantly
returns to lie down again at his post, growling slightly at a
customer who comes too close. He's tired now, and 10 years is
getting on for a dog, and he wants his sleep." (Pam Gurd
William McCarley's Bookstore and Gallery (213 Carrall, 604-683-5003).
Features graphic design, architectural etc books; in Gastown, an
interesting area to explore.
Subject: Victoria, BC
Bolen Books (Hillside Mall) Don't let the location put you off, it's not
your typical mall bookstore. Decent computer section, good SF and
mystery sections.
Munro's Books (Government St. between Fort and View) Carries a bit
of everything. Largest bookstore in Victoria. Mentioned by
posters as one of Canada's best bookstores.
Wimsey Books (Market Square) Specializes in mystery/crime. Carries both
new and used books. Knowledgeable staff.
Subject: Fairbanks AK
Baker and Baker Booksellers ([old address and phone number] North Gate
Square, 330 Old Steese Hwy, 907-456-2278). "Everything!!
SF/fantasy, mystery, classics, mainstream, non-fiction, children's
(very good). Hardbacks on discount; mass market and trade
paperbacks. Autograph parties sometimes. Very helpful staff!
They know everything about books, and they obviously care very much
about what they're doing."
Gulliver's Used Books (corner of College Road and University Ave).
Paperbacks mostly, some hardbacks, lots of SF/fantasy. fiction and
non-fiction. "Near university. Great hangout for intellectuals,
liberals, students, backpackers.
Subject: Anchorage AK
There are Book Cache stores in Anchorage; also some B. Daltons and other
major west coast chains.
Evelyn C. Leeper | +1 908 957 2070 | /
Evelyn C. Leeper | +1 908 957 2070 |
"The Internet is already an information superhighway, except that ... it is
driving a car through a blizzard without windshield wipers or lights, and all
the road signs are written upside down and backwards."--Mike Royko (not Dave
Archive-name: books/stores/north-american/nyc
Last change:
Wed Apr 27 14:19:36 EDT 1994
Copies of this article may be obtained by anonymous ftp to
under /pub/usenet/news.answers/books/stores/north-american/nyc.Z. Or, send
email to with "send
usenet/news.answers/books/stores/north-american/nyc" in the body of the
[Note 1: Boroughs other than Manhattan are listed. Further listings
are welcome. Note that my indication of cross-streets may be off by a
street or two--some I did from maps and the numbers are hard to read.]
[Note 2: I collected these comments from a variety of people. I personally
have no knowledge of many of these places and take no responsibility if you
buy a book you don't enjoy. :-) Phone numbers and precise addresses can
be gotten by calling directory assistance at 212-555-1212 for Manhattan or
718-555-1212 for Queens, Brooklyn, the Bronx, and Staten Island--assuming
anyone ever reports any bookstores in the Bronx or Staten Island (or should
it be *on* Steten Island?). Call ahead for precise hours, as even when I
list them they are subject to change.]
[Note 3: I am cross-posting this to rec.arts.sf.written, but the bookstores
listed include *all* types of bookstores, so please don't tell me that a
particular store has a limited SF section unless I have specifically claimed
otherwise. All references to science fiction are abbreviated SF for ease
in electronic searching.]
Working south through Manhattan:
Libreria Moria (628 W 207, 212-304-2197)
Spanish-language books.
National Museum of the American Indian Shop (3753 Broadway at 156th,
Part of the Smithsonian.
Judaica Emporium (3070 Broadway at 121st, 212-662-7000)
Judaica and Jewish books.
Teachers College Bookstore (1224 Amsterdam at 120th, 212-678-3992,
Children's books (first phone number) and classroom materials
and teachers' books (second phone number).
The Last Word (118th and Amsterdam).
They buy and sell used books and have some first editions, collected
works, etc. Good place to look for out of print books and
inexpensive books on subjects that you would like to know about but
don't want to spend money on. Recently renovated and reopened under
new management.
Barnard Book Forum (2955 Broadway at 116th, 212-749-5535)
A very good bookstore with many of Barnard's textbooks, plus a
generally strong selection and helpful staff. Surprising
Russian-language section in the back. Open 7 days a week.
Ideal Book Store (1125 Amsterdam at 115th, 212-662-1909)
Almost exclusively a humanities and social sciences bookstore.
"Ideal has the best philosophy collection in New York, and that
includes the Strand. They also have a very extensive collection of
Judaica. The books are used but the proprietor is a stickler for
only shelving books in the best possible condition. I recently went
looking for a biography of and primary works by Simone Weil and
Ideal had everything I needed where most places--again, including
the Strand, which I love--had very little."
Columbia Univ. Bookstore (Barnes & Noble) (2980 Broadway at 115th,
The usual Barnes & Noble selection as well as textbooks for courses
at Columbia. Higher prices than many other stores, but a very large
selection, even for B&N. The downtown store has some textbooks used
Papyrus Books Inc. (2915 Broadway at 114th, 212-222-3350)
A fairly large collection of left-wing books and magazines (on film,
literature, etc., as well as politics). "Papyrus Books is
absolutely great. They specialize in political philosophy, but have
a pretty good history section downstairs and carry some computer
stuff, too. Most of all, every person who works there seems
knowledgeable about books--e.g., no one asks you for an ISBN number
instead of a title or author, as is liable to happen at B&N etc.
I've even had the desk-person at Papyrus tell me that if I didn't
have the $3.50 right at that moment, I should just drop back in and
pay it later." Another says, "I'm not sure if they're worth a
special trip, but check them out if you're in the neighborhood."
Bank Street College Bookstore (610 W 112th at Broadway, 212-678-1654, FAX
Education and academic; also children's books. They take phone
orders and ship worldwide.
Black Books Plus Inc. (702 Amsterdam Ave at 96th, 212-749-9632)
African and African-American history and literature.
Paperback Discounter--Video 83 (2517 Broadway just south of 94th,
There are lots of used and otherwise discounted paperbacks, but the
collection, which is eclectic and interesting, is--by those very
attributes--not very reliable. (They also rent videotapes, and if
you look mainly at the signs in the window you'll notice an ad for
VCR repair that might distract you from the display of paperbacks in
the window.)
International Center of Photography Bookstore (1130 5th Avenue at 94th,
Photography books.
Funny Business (656 Amsterdam at 93rd, 212-799-9477)
A comic book store of unknown quality.
The Military Bookman (29 E 93rd btwn 5th & Madison Avenues, 212-348-1280)
Specializing in used military books. Their selection is excellent,
but they are usually a bit pricey. It's the sort of place that
military buffs all know about, but call only as a last resort. They
issue a catalog (about 3 times a year), and otherwise engage in mail
order. (One poster reports that they contacted him recently about a
book he had told them he was looking for at least three years ago,
so they keep track of these things.) They just started taking
credit card orders, and presumably will now do phone orders.
Kitchen Arts & Letters, Inc. (1435 Lexington Avenue at 93rd, 212-876-5550)
Quoting from their brochure: "the country's largest store devoted
completely to books on food and wine. With well over 7000 cooking
titles and access to thousands of out-of-print titles through our
free search service..." From a reader: "While the sale prices at
Jessica's Biscuit beat these peoples' full-list prices, this
probably is a good place to keep in mind for unusual and hard to
find cookery books. Sounds like a fun place to browse, in any
case..." Does credit card and phone orders. (Mon 1-6, Tue-Fri
10-6:30, Sat 11-6. Summer hours less regular; mostly closed
Saturdays in July and open only 2-3 days per week in August.)
The Corner Bookstore (1313 Madison Avenue at 93rd, 212-831-3554)
They specialize in children's books and travel books, but they also
have a film connection: not only is this the bookstore where Nick
Nolte found the "Renata Halpern" children's book in THE PRINCE OF
TIDES, it's also just one block south of the red brick
fortress/castle facade featured in THE FISHER KING.
Murder Ink (2486 Broadway btwn 92nd & 93rd, 212-362-8905,
As you might suspect, it specializes in mysteries and has a very
good collection (as did The Mysterious Bookstore). Founded in 1972,
they have a framed letter from "Ellery Queen" wishing them well on
their opening. The store and the stock are now arranged
alphabetically for almost all books (they used to be in
subcategories, e.g., "Mysteries with Priests"). The many shelves
are labelled at the top "Mystery A-Z." There is a section of True
Crime and an alcove with out of prints. A display of new hardback
releases and one shelf of Edgar winners rounds out the categories.
"If the person I talked to is any sample, the in-store,
meet-the-customer people know mysteries."
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum Shop (1071 5th Avenue btwn 88th & 89th,
Modern art.
Barnes & Noble Books (1280 Lexington north of 86th, 212-423-9900)
New "super-store" (opened 6/26/92). "The old 86th St. Barnes &
Noble has moved around the corner and has expanded into what is
certainly one of the finest bookstores in the city. A huge
bookstore with a lovely decor, desks for reading, a knowledgeable
staff, and a well-stocked (and well-laid-out) selection, this new
store is an absolute pleasure. Kudos to B&N on this one."
East West Books (568 Columbus north of 86th, 212-787-7552)
Stocks books on Buddhism, Taoism, Sufism, Indian Religions; also New
Age, self-improvement, health and healing. Cards, jewelry, audio
tapes, incense. Good-sized stock. (Also has a downtown store.)
Burlington Bookshop (1082 Madison Avenue near 82th, 212-288-7420)
Lots of current titles, art books, as well as used books. They'll
special-order anything, and will do active searches for out-of-print
titles. They often buy out estates, so you're almost always bound
to find something new each time you go in. Just a block away from
the Metropolitan Museum. Definitely worth stopping into.
Barnes & Noble Books (2289 Broadway at 82nd, 212-362-8835)
Another B&N superstore with cafe. Some neighborhood feathers were
ruffled (Shakespeare is a block away). Sun-Thu 9AM-11PM,
Fri-Sat 9AM-12M.
Metropolitan Museum of Art Museum Store (5th Avenue & 82nd, 212-570-3726)
They have neat art books, posters, engagement calendars, videos,
Book Store of the New York Psychoanalytic Institute (247 E 82nd btwn 3rd &
2nd Avenues, 212-772-8282)
Shakespeare & Co. (2259 Broadway at 81st, 212-580-7800,
A good, large selection, they're good about getting in the new stuff
quickly. It has recently (Jan 93) expanded again. Sun-Sat
10AM-12M. (Also has a downtown store.)
Endicott Books (450 Columbus Avenue at 81st, 212-787-6300)
A very good selection, with salespeople who like to read
(really--this isn't all that common). A good store. Sometimes they
sponsor readings by authors.
Gryphon Bookshop (2246 Broadway btwn 80th & 81st, 212-362-0706)
They have a nice selection of used books, and will do active
searches. Enormous literature and history sections. Has charm.
The recently expanded new store is on Broadway and is new and shiny,
but the old store is around the corner (at 246 W 80th off Broadway
away from Amsterdam, on the south side of the street, one flight up)
and is dark and twisty and has a mysterious locked closet which
contains a vast trove of old L. Frank Baum hardcovers (another
poster says these bookcases are in the new store). The Gryphon is
probably one of the world centers for Wizard of Oz books. The Annex
in/near the old store supposedly sells everything there for 50% off
the marked price. "OK, but too expensive." They also have LPs.
Sun-Sat 10AM-12M.
American Museum of Natural History Book Store (in the Museum; Central
Park West at 79th, 212-769-5531)
No guarantees, but they used to have an interesting selection of
books on nature and natural history. The Hayden Planetarium
(adjacent to the Museum) has its own bookstore, specializing in
space-type stuff.
Bryn Mawr Bookshop (502 E 79th at York Ave, 212-744-7682)
One of 10 used book shops run for the benefit of scholarships for
students at Bryn Mawr College. (The others are located in Albany
(NY), Bryn Mawr (PA), Cambridge (MA), New Haven (CT), Pittsburgh
(PA), Princeton (NJ), Rochester (NY), Washington DC and White
Plains (NY).) Great bargains in used books! Most will also do
searches. Thu 12N-7PM, Fri-Sat 10:30AM-4:30PM, Sun 12N-4:30PM.
Storyland (1369 3rd Avenue at 78th, 212-517-6951)
A comparatively well-stocked toddler's and children's bookstore.
Notable for helpful staff, good young reference, science, fiction,
and classical books. It is quite clean.
Ursus Books Ltd. (981 Madison btwn 76th & 77th, 212-772-8787)
New and out-of-print art books and catalogues. "A repository of the
truly fine and the outrageously hard-to-find in books on the work of
artists (corpus). There are some few brilliant elucidations on
approaching the materia with which art is forged. The collection on
personae and period has real depth and breadth--evermore an
accomplishment for such a select vinyard, but the champagne-like
elan everywhere dripping is as rarified in its occurance as it is in
its expense." [This apparently means their art books are book art,
and their selection is a collection.] (Also has a downtown
Whitney Museum of American Art Bookstore (945 Madison Avenue btwn 74th &
Books & Co (939 Madison Avenue at 74th, 212-737-1450)
Art, literature etc. Wonderful feeling, nice place to shop.
Another good literate person's bookstore, reminiscent of Endicott.
"I've seen celebs shopping there, too (David Byrne; Kathleen
Turner)." List-priced new books, but very eclectic with a
philosophy bent. "[It] has an extraordinary philosophy section
(about 12 feet, floor to ceiling, many hardcover titles). Probably
the only place you can get both of Acquinas' Summae off the shelf.
Excellent classic section including the complete Loeb. Great
literature section with many diffuclt to find titles. I nominate it
for best bookstore in NY." Will ship worldwide.
Paraclete Book Center (146 E 74th btwn Lexington & 3rd Avenues,
A medium-sized religious bookstore, if one's religion coincides with
the New Testament.
Asia Society Book Shop (725 Park Avenue near 72nd, 212-348-4388)
Asian history and literature.
Courtly Music (2067 Broadway btwn 71st and 72nd, suite 27 (on the second
floor--not well-labeled on the door), 800-2-RICHIE)
"The focus is on early music, and they have books, instruments,
tapes (I don't recall if they have LPs or CDs), instruction tapes
and books, and give lessons. I saw someone behind the desk wrapping
something, so it looks like they will do mail order. The staff
seemed knowledgeable, and xeroxed off a sheet for my friend of local
branches of the American Recorder Society for him to contact. All
in all a nice shop." Tue-Sat 9:45AM-5:45PM.
Applause Books (211 W 71st west of Broadway, 212-496-7511, FAX 212-721-2856)
They specialize in film and theatre; some books that can be found
nowhere else. Mon-Sat 10AM-8PM, Sun 12N-6PM.
Ex Libris (160A E 70th btwn Lexington & 3rd Avenues, 212-249-2618)
Out of print and rare 20th Century art books. Mon-Fri 10AM-5PM,
Sat 12N-5PM.
Civilized Traveler (2003 Broadway between 68th & 69th, 212-875-0306;
1072 3rd Avenue btwn 63rd & 64th, 212-758-8305)
Opened spring of 1992, it's an up-scale travel store with guidebooks
and maps as well as suitcases and a variety of gadgets and
conveniences for travelers. "Their collection isn't vast, but I'm
hoping it will build." (Also has a WTC store.)
Mary S. Rosenberg Bookstore (1841 Broadway, really on 60th a couple of
doors west of Broadway, 212-307-7733)
Large collection of German books, most standard paperback series,
and many used and new hardcover titles in literature, philosophy.
Books stacked all over, but navigable once you figure out the basic
Les Belles Lettres (the French Institute/Alliance Francaise, 22 E 60th btwn
Madison and Park, 212-838-7365)
Relatively decent selection of French books and some periodicals;
prices more reasonable than Librairie de France. They also do
special orders.
Strand (2nd Avenue bwtn 59th & 60th at the Manhattan terminal of the aerial
tramway to Roosevelt Island)
A small, good weather outdoors stall. Strand and Albion have
similar displays at the NW corner of 5th Avenue and 60th (near
Central Park entrance).
Morton Book Parlor (989 3rd Avenue at 59th, 212-421-9025)
Large selection of books on architecture and design.
Argosy (116 E 59th btwn Park & Lexington Avenues, 212-753-4455)
They are very strong in used hardcover fiction (no SF though),
particularly older things from say circa 1920, like James Branch
Cabell. They also sell old prints, Americana, antique and used
books, maps, and prints. "Some beautiful books, but the owners are
major goniffs (thieves) so you'll have to hunt for bargains." It is
about five stories high and is one of those books-stacked-up-the-
walls-to-the-ceiling places; dim, musty, dense, mysterious. You get
the feeling that you could find anything at all there if you only
looked long enough.
Fil Caravan Inc. (301 E 57th btwn 2nd & 1st Avenues, 212-421-5972)
Books on Middle Eastern culture, philosophy, etc.
J. N. Bartfield Fine Books (30 W 57th (3rd floor) btwn 5th & 6th Avenues,
This is a gallery-like place that carries mostly bound sets of
literature. "Much of what they carry looks like old versions of the
fancy-book-of-the-month club-featuring-the-great-works-of-
literature-in-genuine-hand-tooled-leather offers that are available
these days. I am not, however, an old book expert so I am not sure
if that is a bad thing. I saw an old Vergil edition for $495; this
place ain't cheap but may be worth a visit."
Rizzoli's (31 W 57th btwn 5th & 6th Avenues, 212-759-2424)
Italian bookstore chain. Probably the premier art, design, and
architecture book store in the city. Lots of fun stuff, also
foreign books and periodicals. A classy place. New books at list
prices. If you like glossy art books at full price try Rizzoli's.
Mon-Sat 9:30AM-10PM. (Also has a downtown and a WFC store)
Doubleday (724 5th Avenue at 57th, 212-397-0550)
They have access to everything, and order what's good, not just what
sells. Good store, decent selection, often good salespeople. One
of the best mystery book selections in the city outside of the
mystery specialty stores. Book-signings. At the front of the store
is a bookcase of signed books at regular prices. Mon-Sat
Hacker Art Books (45 West 57th Street btwn 5th & Madison Avenues,
Huge selection.
Coliseum Books (1771 Broadway at 57th, 212-581-5352)
A good stock of new books, and open until eleven or midnight. An
independent. "Coliseum is vast and carries everything that is in
somebody's mainstream; it is the only place I know, for example, to
purchase a copy of QUOTATIONS OF CHAIRMAN MAO off the shelf." (But
see below for a bookstore in Chinatown that also has it.) "Coliseum
is large, and has a wide selection. I have not found the staff to
be very helpful. I wanted to special order a book, and was told I
could only do it Mon-Fri during daytime hours. Looking through the
literature section, I found that they had nearly every single Martin
Amis book, but none by Kingsley Amis -- not even LUCKY JIM. They
have a terrific poetry section." Mon 8AM-10PM, Tue-Thu 8AM-11PM,
Fri 8AM-11:30PM, Sat 10AM-11:30PM, Sun 12N-8PM.
Village Comics/Comic Art Gallery (940 3rd Avenue btwn 56th & 57th, 212-6255)
Comics. (Also has a downtown store.)
The Mysterious Book Shop (129 W 56th btwn 6th & 7th Avenues, 212-765-0900)
Mystery books and so on. It also has its own publishing company so
they also have the latest copies of their own line of mysteries.
Book-signings by authors. Mon-Sat 11AM-7PM.
Patelson's House of Music (160 56th & 6th Avenue, just behind Carnegie Hall,
The best place in NYC for books about music. A huge selection
covering all genres. They also are NYC's most-popular source for
classical music scores. They can special-order *anything*
music-related and will ship.
Gordon's (12 E 55th btwn 5th & Madison Avenues, 212-759-7443)
Art, fashion, and foreign magazines. Mon-Fri 9AM-7PM, Sat 10AM-6PM.
Museum of Modern Art Bookstore (in the Museum, 11 W 53rd btwn 5th & 6th
Avenues, 212-708-9874)
Good selection of books on art, and art books; great poster section;
you *don't* have to pay admission to get in. At Christmas they
expand across the street, or used to. More neat stuff.
B. Dalton (666 5th Avenue at 53nd, 212-247-1740)
Granddaddy B. Dalton which is worth stopping into if you're in the
neighborhood. It is a lot better than the usual run-of-the-mill
mall rat B. Daltons and is well-stocked, especially if you are
looking for recent releases. Also one on 8th and 6th Avenue.
Quest Book Shop (240 E 53rd btwn 3rd & 2nd Avenues, 212-758-5521)
Theosophy, mysticism, healing, tarot, astrology, etc.
Rand McNally (150 E 52nd btwn Lexington & 3rd Avenues, 212-758-5521)
Lots of national and international maps, guide books, globes.
New York Bound Bookshop (50 Rockefeller Plaza, 212-245-8503)
New York travel and history.
The Traveller's Bookstore (75 Rockefeller Plaza, 22 W 52nd; 212-664-0995,
or 1-800-755-TRAVEL, FAX 212-397-3984,
Guides, maps, and travel-related books--picture books, language
cassettes, airplane reading, history. Also carries a complete
line of travel products such as travel irons and money belts.
Free catalog available. Mon-Fri 9AM-6PM; Sat 11AM-5PM.
Urban Center Books (457 Madison Avenue btwn 50th & 51st, 212-935-3592)
Great place for architecture/planning/urban design books.
Discount Bookshop (897 1st Avenue btwn 50th & 51st, 212-751-3839)
Sky Books International Inc (48 E 50th btwn Madison & Park Avenues,
Look carefully since this is a small place on the second floor.
Their specialty is in military and aviation books and magazines of
which they have a good selection. In addition to hardcover and
paperback fiction, they have a good deal of stuff on tactics,
uniforms, history, aircraft, weapons, etc. They carry a number of
magazines which will be of interest to the plane freak and/or model
builder. Prices are reasonable but not really bargains. They have
a good bulletin board for those interested in buying and selling
military paraphernalia. Mon-Sat 10AM-7PM.
Michelin Guides & Maps (610 5th Avenue near 49th, 212-581-8810)
See Librarie De France/Liberia Hispanica.
Librarie De France/Liberia Hispanica (610 5th Avenue, Rockefeller Center,
a small storefront on the Promenade, near the skating rink, opposite
the Teuscher's Chocolate shop. :-) The Promenade is located off of
5th Avenue, between 49th and 50th streets, 212-581-8810). At first,
the store appears to be very small, but there is a downstairs
section with about five or six times the space as the upstairs. I
had been in the store several times before I discovered the
downstairs section. A very large selection of French novels, short
stories, non-fiction, etc. Some newspapers, magazines, and records.
They also have a reasonably large selection of dictionaries and
instruction books for other languages. Prices tend to be high,
though there are occasional sales in their basement. Staff is
usually fluent in French. Mon-Sat 10AM-6PM.
Drama Bookshop (723 7th Avenue near 49th, 212-944-0595)
Kinokuniya Bookstore (10 W 49th btwn 5th & 6th Avenues, 212-765-1461)
Japanese books, origami paper, etc. Very large and usually very
busy. Japanese tour buses stop here because of its proximity to
Rockefeller Center. A bit expensive but much better than any other
Japanese bookstore in New York. Sun-Sat 10AM-7PM.
Brentano's (597 5th Avenue btwn 48th & 49th, 212-826-2450)
Another classic bookstore.
Drama Book Shop (723 7th Avenue at 48th, second floor, 212-944-0595)
Theater, film, and performing arts.
McGraw-Hill Book Store (1221 6th Avenue at 48th in the basement of the
McGraw-Hill building., 212-512-4100)
Some say the best bet for technical books in the city, especially
computer books. Their finance section is also good. However, an
astronomer says, "The mathematics and computer sections may be
pretty good but the astronomy/earth science section verges on
pitiful." (See also Book Scientific.) All publishers. Mon-Sat
Shinbato (48th & 6th Avenue, McGraw Hill Bldg)
Specializes in Japanese books and books pertaining to the Japanese.
Gotham Book Mart (41 W 47th btwn 5th & 6th Avenues, 212-719-4448)
New and used. Excellent poetry, literature, philosophy, etc.
Practically unique in the world.
British Travel Bookshop (551 5th Avenue near 46th, 212-490-5588)
United Nations Bookshop (General Assembly Building, E 45 St & First Avenue,
Has international affairs books, and UN publications. "The most
underappreciated specialty bookstore in NYC. Perhaps it is vastly
ignored because one needs to enter into the UN to greet its bevy of
bounty. This means that one must wait, often, en queue for the same
security check that is administered to all who arrive to visit the
more politically sensitive areas of the building. Even though this
line becomes visibly long, it does go rather quickly--especially at
mid-morning and earlyish mid-afternoon. This is truly a one-of-a-
kind resource in international affairs of all sorts, not only those
that are UN-sponsored. High quality works dealing with complex
international policies, economic systems, and fine basic references
are present alongside hard-to-find reports, surveys and studies
performed by the United Nations and any of its statutory affiliates.
There are some surprises, too. "
Hagstrom Map & Travel Center (57 W 43rd btwn Madison & Park Avenues,
Travel books (of course).
Zen Oriental Bookstore (521 5th Avenue at 43rd, 212-697-0840)
Japanese books on design, architecture, and life styles. Mon-Sat
10AM-7PM, Sun 11AM-6PM.
New York Public Library Bookshop (5th Avenue and 42nd, 212-930-0869)
Gift books.
OAN-Oceanie Afrique Noire Books (15 W 39th btwn 5th & 6th Avenues,
New and used books on Africa and African issues, art, etc. Also
Native American books.
New York Astrology Center (545 8th Avenue btwn 38th & 39th, 212-947-3609)
A veridical association bookstore, as it is owned and managed by the
A.F.A (American Federation of Astrologers).
Museum Books (34 W 37th btwn 5th & 6th Avenues, 212-563-2770)
New and out-of-print books on applied and decorative arts. Mon-Fri
Goldberg's Marine (36th or so, just east of 5th Ave)
Boating and marine.
Morgan Library Book Shop (29 E 36th btwn Madison & Park Avenues,
Museum shop.
Complete Traveller Bookstore (199 Madison Avenue at 35th, 212-685-9007)
Important collection of maps, guides and books. Very knowledgeable
staff composed largely of travel-addicts, as opposed to the younger
Rand-McNally staff. Many more travel commentary books than strict
guide books.
Macy's (34th & 7th Avenue, 212-695-4400)
Surprisingly good!
Penn Concessions Inc. (Penn Station, 34th and 7th Avenue, L.I. Concourse,
Jewish Book Center of the Workmen's Circle (45 E 33rd btwn Park & Madison
Avenues, 212-889-6800 x285 or 800-922-2558)
Judaica and Jewish books in English and Yiddish.
Jim Hanley's Universe (126 W 32nd btwn 6th & 7th Avenues, 212-268-7088)
Comics. (Also has a downtown store.)
Levine Jewish Books and Judaica (5 W 30th btwn 5th & 6th Avenues,
"World's largest Judaica selection," mail orders, etc.
(I also have a listing for 58 Eldridge Street, 212-966-4460,
for them.)
Law Books Exchange Ltd. (135 W 29th btwn 6th & 7th Avenues, 212-594-4341)
Law books, one assumes.
Russia House Ltd. (253 5th Avenue btwn 28th & 29th, 212-685-1010)
Russian books, art, etc.
Pak Books (137 E 27th btwn 3rd & Lexington Avenues, 212-213-2177)
Books on Middle Eastern culture, philosophy, etc.
Arnold Joseph (1140 Broadway btwn 26th & 27th, 212-532-0019)
General Medical Book Company (310 E 26th btwn 2nd & 1st Avenues,
Antiquarian Book Arcade (110 W 25th, 9th floor, 212-678-6011)
"Forthcoming home to 20,000 vintage, rare & antiquarian books.
Seminars and special events." Open Tue-Sat 11AM-6PM.
Samuel French bookstore and reading room (45 W 25th btwn Broadway & 6th
Avenue, 212-206-8990)
Their ad says "1000's of play titles; out-of-print archives for
Samuel French plays; bookstore and reading room open to the public".
"I've never been there; caveat tourist." Mon-Fri 9AM-5PM.
Samuel Weiser (132 E 24th at Lexington Avenue, 212-777-6363)
Occult, astrology, New Age, Oriental literature, taror cards, etc.
"There are three advantages to Weiser's over the Magickal Childe:
more complete stock is maintained, more areas of esoterica are
covered, the place is not laden with sulphuric subtext." "Weiser's
is a serious bookstore, the best of its kind in the city (far
superior to Esoterica [or the Magickal Childe], for example.)"
They stock used books, and they have their own imprint (original
titles as well as reprints) that may be hard to find elsewhere.
Reference Book Center (175 5th Avenue near 23rd, 212-677-2160)
Dictionaries, encyclopedias, and other reference books.
Sign of the Times Bookstore (131 W 23rd btwn 6th & 7th Avenues,
Books about sign language, etc. I assume they have a TT number, but
they don't list it in their Yellow Pages ad. Otherwise, TT users
can call through the AT&T NJ relay service (from a TT
1-800-852-7899). (I don't know if this number is valid only in NJ
Manhattan Comics & Cards (228 W 23rd btwn 7th & 8th Avenues, 212-243-9349)
Architecture Books (48 W 22th btwn 5th & 6th Avenues, 212-463-0750)
Architecture, I assume.
Bob Fein Books (150 5th Avenue near 22nd, 212-807-0489)
Pre-Columbian art, Western Americana, archaeology, etc.
Victor Kamkin (149 5th Avenue south of 22nd, 212-677-0776)
Russian-language bookstore. Modest size, but a wide selection of
Russian books on all subjects (some in English, too). Very good
selection of literature and reference works. Also small selection
of Russian music, artifacts, amber, samovars, etc. Employees are
very friendly and helpful, native speakers who enjoy talking about
the meaning of life as well as selling books. This is a branch of
the *enormous* home warehouse in Rockville Maryland (outside DC)
which is the major source for Russian publications in the USA,
including newspapers, magazines, journals, etc. If it's in
Russian, chances are they can get it for you here. (It's listed--
incorrectly--as "Kamkain" in the Yellow Pages.)
Magickal Childe Bookshop (35 W 19th btwn 5th & 6th Avenues, 212-242-7187)
Occult. " ocCULT. Satanism is their specialty.
Unpleasant rumors resurface every few years. Maybe they are just
rumors. Maybe not." Someone else says, "The Childe isn't
primarily a bookstore; they stock a few books, but they offer
little more than an oppressive atmosphere." Most posters prefer
Academy Bookstore (10 W 18th btwn 5th & 6th Avenues, 212-242-4848)
Small, well-kept used book store. Has strong humanities,
photography, and social science section. Also a large supply of
used CDs, especially classical and opera! Mon-Sat 9;30AM-9PM,
Sun 11AM-7PM.
Skyline Bookstore (13 W 18th btwn 5th & 6th Avenues, 212-675-4773)
Another used book store, across the street from Academy and
apparently owned by the same person. This one has a slightly
different focus than Academy.
Book-Friends Cafe (16 W 18th btwn 5th & 6th Avenues, 212-255-7407)
The store is run by Elizabeth Cymmerman. It specializes in works
between 1890 and 1940 and, in addition, serves food and drink.
There is also a list of scheduled readings posted on the door.
The collection is small but the place seems inviting. The
concentration is on biography, hardback fiction, and gracious
Barnes & Noble (105 5th Avenue at 18th, 212-675-5500)
The sales annex, which is largely remaindered, used, and
discontinued books, and so on, is big. A whole store for half-price
stuff and another whole store for textbooks. I think it is less
well laid out than Coliseum, but it is also better-stocked on some
recent things and is often cheaper. The retail store across 5th
Avenue is also huge, with a great reference section. However, the
usual Barnes & Noble discount structure doesn't apply to items
purchased at the main store (105 5th Avenue). They also have a
mail order service (1 Pond Road, Rockleigh NJ 07647,
Books & Binding (33 W 17th btwn 5th & 6th Avenues, 212-229-0004)
A large loft-like space with many departments, including psychology,
science, computer books, sports, novels, poetry, encyclopedias,
sculpture, and art. Mon-Thu 9AM-9PM, Fri 9AM-8PM, Sat 10AM-7PM,
Sun 11AM-5PM.
Brunner/Mazel (19 Union Square West, 8th Floor, 212-924-3344)
"This is a little known and hard to find professional bookstore. It
is in a building that is part of an enclave of potentially confusing
addresses; calling for precise landmarks and orienting cues is a
good idea (finding it the second time is easy). This small
bookstore cum office space maintains the singular best collection of
books and source materials intended for use by professional
practicing psychotherapist or the full-time academic psychologist or
the graduate student doing research in personal, developmental, or
social psychological theory. If you want what this store has to
offer, there is no good alternative to be found elsewhere in NYC. "
Lectorum (137 W 14th btwn 6th & 7th Avenues, 212-929-2833)
Spanish-language bookstore. Big selection. Staff speaks Spanish
and English. Mon-Sat 9:30AM-6:15PM.
Macondo Books, Inc. (221 W 14th, 212-741-3108)
THE Spanish-language bookstore.
Viewpoint, Inc. (111 E 14th, Suite 125, 212-242-5478).
Reliable and competent at book searching.
East West Books (78 5th Avenue btwn 13th & 14th, 212-243-5994)
Stocks books on Buddhism, Taoism, Sufism, Indian Religions also New
Age, self-improvement, health and healing. Cards, jewelry, audio
tapes, incense. Good-sized stock. (Also has an uptown store.)
Books of Wonder (132 7th Avenue at 18th, 212-989-3270)
Heavenly gift to adults who like children's books. Everything from
first editions to the latest paperbacks. They do readings
periodically. Periodic newsletter they'll send to customers
announcing new books. "On Sunday mornings at eleven-thirty, Tim
Hall, the assistant manager, reads stories to neighborhood kids.
Publications include a monthly newsletter, an Oz newsletter, and a
catalogue for collectors. Books of Wonder is a Barney-free zone,
with limited parking for strollers." [-New Yorker] Open 7 days a
week. (Their Hudson Street store has closed.)
Revolution Books (13 E 16th btwn 5th Avenue & Union Square, 212-691-3345)
Huge Marxist and otherwise left-wing inventory. Mon-Sat 10AM-7PM,
Sun 12N-5PM.
Book Scientific (18 E 16th btwn 5th Avenue & Union Square, 212-206-1310)
Scientific and technical books; (good) selection consists of
physics, chemistry, engineering, mathematics and computer texts (not
books like "DOS for Dummies," but texts). Not a large place, but
small occasional gems for those who look for them. 10% discount to
faculty or university researchers, 5% discount to students. They'll
order books, and ship them worldwide. Best stock in the city of
scientific books. (But see also McGraw-Hill Book Store.) It's hard
to find on ts own, being on the second floor with a tiny sign, but
it's directly across from the large red "Revolution Books" banner.
Different Light (548 Hudson near 11th, 212-989-4850)
Gay/lesbian/bisexual bookstore with 13,000 titles. Does mail-order.
Wendell's Books, Cards and Stationery (23 8th Avenue at 12th and 302 W 12th,
Art, architecture, design, and libertarian books. Recently (6/93)
split into three stores: a magazine store, a card store, and the
book store are now about half a block from each other in the same
general vicinity. "Wendell's is the New York outlet for Laissez
Faire books, which is a big-time libertarian publisher. This is
the only place in New York to find lots of obscure libertarian,
objectivist and related books."
Biography Bookshop (400 Bleecker at 12th, 212-807-8655)
One poster says, "Nice store, but try the Strand first -- this place
is way overpriced." (Editorial note: this probably just means that
new books are in general over-priced.)
Foul Play (13 8th Avenue & 12th, 212-517-3222)
Mysteries & horror.
S F Vanni (30 W 12th btwn 5th & 6th Avenues, 212-675-6336)
Italian books.
Strand Books (828 Broadway at 12th, 212-473-1452 or 800-366-3664)
This place is huge. They specialize in reviewers' copies for
half-price, used books, and the out of print. "The Strand is one of
the world's largest bookstores, and yet the employees there, unlike
those in many smaller bookstores, really do know what is on the
shelves and can tell you immediately whether or not they have what
you are looking for:
'Do you have "The Complete Encyclopedia of Illustration,"
'By Heck. No, sorry; we don't.'
is a much better answer than :
'Uh, gee, I dunno...look around on the shelves.'"
Mon-Sat 9:30AM-9:30PM, Sun 11AM-9:30PM. (And one more thing that
makes the Strand unique--they have restrooms!) There's a much
smaller branch at the South Street Seaport, and another on Second
Avenue between E 59 and 60 (at the Manhattan terminal of the aerial
tramway to Roosevelt Island), and I've seen a mini-branch of a few
portable bookracks on Fifth Avenue along Central Park. The Strand
has a separate store for antiquarian books next to the main store
(not at ground level), accessible by escort or appointment. This
store has a good selection of original editions and valuable books.
Forbidden Planet (821 Broadway at 12th, 212-473-1756)
"The Science Fiction and Fantasy Flea Market." Books, comic books,
posters, magazines--if you're at all into this stuff, it's worth it.
(Editorial note: I prefer the Science Fiction Shop--it has a *much*
better selection of books, while FP seems too involved in marketing
peripheral stuff.) Open 7 days a week.
Russica Book and Art Shop (799 Broadway at 11th (third floor), 212-473-7480)
Russia and Russian art (in both English and Russian).
Fred Wilson Chess Books (80 E 11th btwn University Place & Broadway,
Chess books, chess sets, etc. There are, amazingly, at least two
other stores in the area devoted to chess. One is on Thompson
Street (or perhaps Sullivan), and the other is somewhere nearby.
Three Lives Book Store (154 W 10th east of 7th Avenue, 212-741-2069)
A wide variety of subject matter, but seeming to concentrate on
women authors, reissues of 1920s and 1930s books. Very interesting
place to browse.
Judith's Room (681 Washington btwn Charles & 10th, 212-727-7330)
"I found this when I was hunting for a copy of Christine de Pisan's
'Book of the City of Women' to use in a medieval philosophy class.
Not available in any university bookstore I searched, nor in B&N or
Strand. Not only did Judith's Room have the book, but the
saleswoman had read it and could discuss it, and recommend other
books by Christine, and other women of that period." It's also the
only feminist bookstore in the city. They sponsor readings.
Oscar Wilde Bookstore (15 Christopher btwn Gay & Greenwich Avenue,
Gay/lesbian/bisexual books. This is a much older store than A
Different Light, and was probably the first such in the city. (And,
yes, it really is near Gay St!)
St. Marks Bookshop (31 3rd Avenue near 9th St, 212-260-7853)
"A GREAT bookstore. Excellent selection of books for the downtown
intellectual." Though they had some financial difficulties in the
past, they are now in the black again. Smart, sometimes helpful,
staff. Recently [7/92] moved to this new location. "The new store
is decorated in the style that used to be called 'High Tech': lots
of fixtures you would expect in a factory instead of a bookstore.
The place feels more like the hold of a spaceship in a Dr. Who
episode than a bookstore. However, the selection is as good as
ever. Large selection of fiction, philosophy, art books and
magazines, small-press literary magazines, SF, etc., and they are
open until midnight, which is always a plus."
Pageant (109 E 9th near 4th Avenue, 212-674-5296)
Woody Allen shot one of the scenes in HANNAH AND HER SISTERS here.
Offbeat -- a peculiar mishmash of unexpected gems buried in the
dreck. "I recently got an absolutely mint first edition of William
Gaddis' JR here for $5 -- not the first time I've found a terrific
book in this place for next to nothing. Probably some real finds in
the incredibly disordered upstairs -- I've never had the
St. Marks Comics (11 St. Mark's Place (8th St) btwn 2nd & 3rd Avenues,
Book Branch East (63 E 8th btwn Mercer & Broadway, 212-260-3999)
Recent books and wide selection of art magazines. Mon-Fri
10AM-11PM, Sat 10AM-12M, Sun 12N-9PM.
B. Dalton (396 6th Avenue at 8th, 212-674-8780)
Worth stopping into if you're in the neighborhood. Well-stocked,
especially if you are looking for recent releases. Also one on 5th
Avenue & 53nd.
Esoterica (61 4th Avenue just north of Astor Place, 212-529-9808)
Large stock of books on Buddhism, Hinduism, Taoism, occult and New
Age. Incense, jewelry, audio tapes. "Once a good and utilitarian
store for the philosophically exotic. Nowadays, the stock is weak
and spotty and the physical store has experienced the burning of
?three thousand? too many sticks of cheap incense. " Open 7 days a
Cooper Square Books (21 Astor Place, 212-533-2595)
Very large selection, non-existent staff. Better prices at Tower
Books, slightly better staff at St. Mark's Books. Open 7 days a
Carl Fisher Inc. (4th Ave btwn 7th & 8th)
Music books and sheet music. "Always a fun browse."
??? (7th btwn 1st Avenue & Avenue A)
There is a bookstore (a slight walkdown from the street) on the
south side of the street, that has some great stuff and the prices
are very good. I don't know its name, or even if it has one, but
the owner is a older woman who has been in the neighborhood a long
time. She's slightly nutty, but you can always play tourist and
avoid confrontation.
Harris's Books (2nd Ave btwn 4th & 5th; no phone)
Far and away the best book table in the East Village. Has many new
and used books at excellent discounts, and is distributor for
various small presses, notably including Loompanics. He also has a
store upstairs in the building next to the table--follow the signs.
Shakespeare & Co. (716 Broadway just north of 4th, 212-529-1330,
A good, large selection, they're good about getting in the new stuff
quickly. Sun-Sat 10AM-12M. (Also has an uptown store.)
Tower Books (383 4th Avenue at Lafayette, 212-228-5100)
Good selection, reasonable prices, eclectic selection of magazines
and out-of-town newspapers. 30% discount for best sellers. Sun-Sat
Untitled II Bookstore (680 Broadway at 3rd, 212-254-1360)
An excellent art bookstore with a large selection of postcards.
Posman Books (1 University Place, NE corner of Washington Square Park,
Small bookstore near NYU with liberal arts slant. Limited
selection of sale books, quite different from Barnes & Noble's or
B. Dalton's remainders. 30% off NYT best-seller hardcovers; 10% off
selected new releases.
New York University Book Center (18 Washington Place, 212-998-4661)
General and textbooks.
New York University Medical Center Bookstore (550 First Avenue, in the
basement of the Medical Sciences Building)
Specializes in (no great surprise here) medical texbooks and
paraphenalia that med students need (stethoscopes, reflex hammers,
the little flashlight gizmos for looking in ears and noses, that
sort of stuff).
New York University Computer Store (242 Greene, 212-998-4659)
General interest and some technical books. Software and hardware
generally restricted to full-time NYU University denizens.
New York University Professional Bookstore (530 LaGuardia Pl btwn Bleeker &
Law/Business/Public Administration School texts and related
paraphernalia. (Replaced Law School book store.)
New York University Law Book Center (137 Macdougal, 212-998-4680)
(Replaced by New York University Professional Bookstore, above)
Mercer Street Books (Mercer & Bleeker)
Piles of used books, and (for a change) strong sections in math and
science (although one poster says this section has diminished
lately). They also have loads of used textbooks. (They used to be
called the Art of Reading.)
Village Comics (163 Bleeker btwn Thompson & Sullivan, 212-777-2770)
It has taken over the space previously occupied by the SF Shop; good
selection. (Also has a midtown store.)
Science Fiction Shop (168 Thompson btwn Houston and Bleeker, 212-473-3010,
Just (10/93) moved from their new Bleeker Street location. This
one is below ground level and is slightly larger. The best
selection of new books in town, and they have a used/half-price
shelf. Ships worldwide.
Bilingual Publications (270 Lafayette near Houston, 212-431-3500)
Center for Book Arts (626 Broadway (fifth floor) btwn Houston & Bleeker,
Limited edition art books, fine printing, sketch books and journals,
small publishers, bookbinders, fine printers.
Kolwyck-Jones Books (588 Broadway btwn Prince & Houston, Suite 905,
Art reference, out-of-print and rare, concentrating on the 20th
Rizzoli's (454 West Broadway bwtn Prince & Houston, 212-674-1616)
Italian Bookstore chain. Excellent art, design, and architecture
sections; probably the premier art book store in the city. New
books at list prices. Lots of fun stuff, also foreign books and
periodicals. "A classy place, strong on art books." "Opulent
bookstore specializing in art/architecture/design books." Has
an espresso bar. (Also has an uptown and a WFC store.) (For
out-of-towners, note that West Broadway is an entirely separate
street from Broadway, running parallel to it and about four blocks
Solomon R. Guggenheim Soho Museum (Broadway & Prince)
A good art bookstore (big surprise, right?). There's absolutely
no reason to visit Rizzoli's and not here, or vice versa. (For
out-of-towners, note that West Broadway is an entirely separate
street from Broadway, running parallel to it and about four blocks
west.) (Not listed in the 1992-1993 phone book.)
Untitled I (159 Prince west of West Broadway, 212-982-2088)
Before art postcard shops became something to franchise, there were
cramped stores like this jammed with an exquisite selection of
cards. Another branch on West Broadway is more spacious and has an
extensive art book selection, but lacks the down-home feel of the
Irish Books and Graphics (580 Broadway btwn Spring & Prince, 212-274-1913)
New and used books mostly related to Irish history and culture.
Selection of Irish language (Irish Gaelic) books and periodicals.
Very pleasant place. (Moved from 90 West Broadway.)
Photographer's Place (133 Mercer btwn Spring & Prince, 212-431-9358)
Photography and art. Mon-Sat 11AM-6PM, Sun 12N-5PM.
Witkin Gallery (415 West Broadway btwn Spring & Prince, 212-925-5510)
Large selection of art and photography books. (For out-of-towners,
note that West Broadway is an entirely separate street from
Broadway, running parallel to it and about four blocks west.)
Spring Street Books (169 Spring near Thompson, 212-219-3033)
Another great collection. It is not a large place, but it is filled
with wonderful books. The poetry section is quite good, for such a
small store. They also have a nice selection of magazines. The
recent fiction section is arranged alphabetically by title, rather
than by author. Mon-Thu 10AM-11PM, Fri 10AM-12M, Sat 10AM-1AM,
Sun 11AM-9PM.
Japp Rietman Bookstore (134 Spring btwn Wooster & West Broadway,
A real treasury of art and architecture books. Browsing is a
pleasure and the staff is willing to help. Mon-Fri 9AM-6PM, Sun
Ursus Books Ltd. (374 West Broadway below Spring, 212-226-7858)
New and out-of-print art books and catalogues. (Also has an uptown
Soho Books (351 West Broadway, 1/2 block below Broome, 212-226-3395)
Opened May '92. Good assortment of used books in a wide variety of
subject areas; biography section seemed especially diverse. Worth
dropping into on your way to buy new books at Spring St. Books and
Dover Publications (180 Varick (the extension of 7th Ave below Houston),
This is what almost amounts to a Dover Books factory outlet.
Enormous range of titles of all the Dover publications, including
some slightly damaged at half price. The shop is on the 9th floor
of this office building. Open Mon-Fri 9AM - 4:30PM.
Oriental Culture Enterprises Co, Inc (13-17 Elizabeth, second floor,
"I got my five-volume SELECTIONS FROM MAO ZEDONG there. (They
have it in English, too, by the way, along with Lenin, Marx, and
others. But finding the books in English is not easy, particularly
if you don't speak Chinese.) A great selection of books, most of
which are in Chinese. They also sell things needed for Chinese
calligraphy, Chinese musical instruments, recordings of Chinese
music, Chinese-language periodicals, and many other things Chinese.
An attached art gallery sells paintings. While browsing through the
books, sit down and enjoy a cup of tea free of charge. Well worth a
visit. Two complaints: it's more expensive than it should be, and
too many of the books are damaged (by careless customers, or by
thoughtless staff?). Unquestionably the best bookstore in all of
Chinatown." Fri-Wed 10AM-7PM.
Sufi Books (West Broadway at White)
Like it says, books on Sufism.
Jim Hanley's Universe (166 Chambers near Greenwich, 212-349-2930)
Comics. (Also has a midtown store.)
Science Fiction, Mysteries, and More (140 Chambers west of West Broadway,
Opened June '92. Conveniently placed about 50 feet from a subway
stop (1239 line). They have a used/half-price shelf with a bigger
selection than that in the SF Shop. They also have readings and
signings. Details to follow as I get them. Mon-Fri 11:30AM-7PM,
Sat-Sun 2PM-6:30PM, but call ahead to check, as it sometimes does
not open at all on weekends.
Ruby's Book Sale (119 Chambers between Church & West Broadway, 212-732-8676)
Now comprised of a single storefront. The half-price used
paperbacks remain, but the dirt-cheap remainders are largely
history. Open until 6PM Mon-Sat.
New York Nautical Instrument and Service Corporation (140 West Broadway near
I had said "Boating and marine." Someone wrote, "The description
doesn't do it justice. It's like saying F.A.O. Schwartz is a toy
store, or that Zabar's is a deli. You go to New York Nautical when
you want serious books and publications (they also have a good
selection of popular "boating and marine" books). By serious, I
mean official government charts for the whole world, textbooks
explaining how to load a container ship to maximize stability,
almanacs, tide tables, etc, etc. Most of their trade is to the
commercial shipping industry (or what's left of it)."
Computer Book Works (25 Warren between Church & Broadway, 212-385-1616)
They also run a BBS which you can access by dialing 212-385-2891
with your modem.
Strand Books (South Street Seaport, 212-809-0875)
Nowhere near as large as the one on Broadway. Sun-Sat 10AM-10PM.
Universal Law Books (225 Broadway near Barclay, 212-227-0163)
Classic Books (World Trade Center concourse, 212-466-0668)
General interest. Mon-Fri 7:30AM-7PM, Sat 10AM-6PM, Sun 12N-5PM.
Benjamin Books (World Trade Center concourse, 212-432-1103)
Small. General interest.
Civilized Traveler (2 World Trade Center, 212-786-3301)
Opened spring of 1992, it's an up-scale travel store with guidebooks
and maps as well as suitcases and a variety of gadgets and
conveniences for travelers. "Their collection isn't vast, but I'm
hoping it will build." (Also has two uptown stores.)
Rizzoli's (200 Vesey, World Financial Center, 212-385-1400)
Italian Bookstore chain. Excellent art, design, and architecture
sections; probably the premier art book store in the city. New
books at list prices. Lots of fun stuff, also foreign books and
periodicals. "A classy place, strong on art books." "Opulent
bookstore specializing in art/architecture/design books." (Also has
an uptown and downtown store, and they have opened up a branch in
Bloomingdale's 59th & Lexington Avinue. They also have stores in
Boston, Chicago, Costa Mesa and Williamsburg.)
Civil Service Book Shop (89 Worth at Broadway, 212-226-9506)
Civil service test preparation.
Waldenbooks (59 Broadway south of Wall St., 212-269-1139)
Very strong on finance. Reasonably strong on everything else.
U.S. Government Bookstore (Room 110, Federal Building, 26 Federal Plaza,
"Did you know that the U.S. Government Printing Office operates 24
bookstores across the country? ...and that they have some of the
most >ahem< unusual and interesting things you'll find anywhere?"
However, someone reports, "There is now a security check on persons
entering the building. It takes about half an hour to get through
the checkpoint." (4/93)
Also, there are lots of specialty bookstores, usually around each of
the colleges and universities in the area (Columbia, NYU, St. Johns,
CUNY, and so on).
There used to be "The Bookstore Book" (subtitled "A Guide to Manhattan
Booksellers") by Robert Egan, published by Avon. It listed over 750
bookstores, categorized by type of store and subject area, with several
useful indexes. Unfortunately it was published in 1979, and is probably
somewhat out-of-date. There are rumors that someone is working on a new
version of it, though not Avon. (This list, by the way, has 181 Manhattan
bookstores as of 1/94, including all the ones listed in the Manhattan Yellow
Pages. It's hard to credit the "750" figure, unless it counted every
newstand as well.)
B. Dalton (Kings Plaza Mall, upper level, northwest corner)
Typical B. Mallton store. Only things that seem to be said for it
is that it is in the outer reaches of Brooklyn and is open seven
days a week.
Bookcourt (163 Court St, 718-875-3677). Excellent selection. Quick service
with orders. Good discounts.
Here's A Book Store, Inc. (1989 Coney Island Ave btwn Quentin Rd & Ave P,
718-645-6675, D or Q train to Kings Highway; F train to Kings
Highway, bus: B5, B50, B68). A friendly, interesting, general
bookstore. Has a wide selection of new and second-hand books in all
subjects. Open Mon-Thu 11AM-6PM, Fri-Sat 11AM-4:30PM, Sun
(Oct-June) 12N-4PM.
Judaica World of Crown Heights, Inc. (329 Kingston Ave, 718-604-1020). This
place has a rather extensive Jewish book selection, including
Russian/Hebrew and Spanish/Hebrew. They ship worldwide.
Luso-Brazilian Books (P.O. Box 170286, Brooklyn, NY 11217-0007, 800-727-LUSO
Portuguese-language mail-order only bookstore. They sell books from
Portugal and Brazil; the majority are in Portuguese, but some are in
English. Call for a catalog. You can order by phone, or by
mail/FAX (using a special order form). They ship within the United
States only. Open Mon-Fri 9AM-5PM.
Merkaz Stam (309 Kingston Ave, 800-264-7705, 718-773-1120,
FAX 718-773-0090). Judaica and Jewish religious items. They will
do mail order. "The prices seem very good, and they are located
right in Crown Heights with apparently a decent reputation around
Software Etc. (Kings Plaza Mall, lower level, east side)
Another Barnes & Noble thing with a good selection of computer
WaldenBooks (Kings Plaza Mall, lower level, north side)
Clone of B. Dalton with a different hair color and with freckles.
One poster writes:
"I suppose that there *are* *real* bookstores here--after all Brooklyn by
iteself is the third or so most populous city in the U.S. It is just that
I have never had the pleasure of finding one. I was spoiled many years ago
by a bookstore in Huntington, Long Island called Oscar's. This was at the
time that Oscar was still running it, and it was marked by a true love of
books for their contents and themselves. Unfortunately those are qualities
rarely still found in today's world."
Beatrix Books & Pix (33-18 Broadway at 34th, 718-204-5775)
(N train to Broadway (Queens) station; 3 blocks east on Broadway.
G (weekdays), R trains to Steinway station; about 1 block
north on Steinway to Broadway; 6 blocks west on Broadway.)
Finally, a book store in Astoria. New and used books.
Mon 12-9, Tue-Sat 9-9, Sun 10-9. (Replaced the one in Long Island
Barnes & Noble (23-80 Bell Boulevard, part of the Bay Terrace Shopping
Center). Superstore. Open 9AM-11PM.
Cambria Heights:
Haitiana Publications, Inc. (224-08 Linden Blvd, 718-978-6323)
Good selection of books in French, Creole and English with special
focus on Haiti and the Francophone Caribbean. Recently (9/93) moved
from a few doors away. Also now includes Francophone African
literature section.
Forest Hills:
Barnes & Noble (107-24 71 Avenue, a.k.a Continental Avenue)
Waldenbooks (107-19 71 Avenue, a.k.a Continental Avenue, 718-261-1973)
(E, F, G (weekdays), R trains to 71st Avenue / Continental Avenue
station.) Both stores are located 1/2 block south of Queens Blvd.
Barnes & Noble (91-20 59th Avenue, 718-1785)
(G (weekdays), R trains to Woodhaven Blvd. station. This store is
difficult to spot: it's one block north of Queens Blvd, east of
the Queens Center mall, set back from the street.)
Jackson Heights:
Butala Emporium (Indo-US-Books & Journals Inc.) (37-11 74th, 718-899-5590,
FAX 718-397 0435). Located in the Asian Indian shopping center of
Jackson Heights, this shop specializes in books, magazines,
newspapers, audio tapes and musical instruments from India.
Jackson Heights Discount Book Store (77-15 37 Ave btwn 77th & 78th,
718-426-0202) (7 (local): 74 St.-Broadway; E, F, G (weekdays), R:
Roosevelt Ave.; 37 Ave is one block north of Roosevelt Ave).
Primarily used books, particularly mass market fiction. Somewhat
difficult access: about 15' high, with doubled-up shelves.
Richmond Hill:
Ideal Foreign Books (132-10 Hillside Ave, 718-297-7477)
An excellent collection of both French and Spanish books, and
reasonable prices. Primarily a supplier to United States colleges
and universities, but also will do individual orders.
Evelyn C. Leeper | +1 908 957 2070 | /
Evelyn C. Leeper | +1 908 957 2070 |
"The Internet is already an information superhighway, except that ... it is
driving a car through a blizzard without windshield wipers or lights, and all
the road signs are written upside down and backwards."--Mike Royko (not Dave
Archive-name: books/stores/north-american/bay-area
Last change:
Wed Apr 27 14:25:02 EDT 1994
Berkeley (Other Change of Hobbit)
San Francisco (Valencia Books)
Copies of this article may be obtained by anonymous ftp to
under /pub/usenet/news.answers/books/stores/north-american/bay-area.Z. Or,
send email to with "send
usenet/news.answers/books/stores/north-american/bay-area" in the body of the
[Note 1: I collected these comments from a variety of people. I personally
have no knowledge of many of these places and take no responsibility if you
buy a book you don't enjoy. :-) Phone numbers and precise addresses can
be gotten by calling directory assistance for the appropriate city. Call
ahead for precise hours, as even when I list them they are subject to
[Note 2: I am cross-posting this to rec.arts.sf.written, but the bookstores
listed include *all* types of bookstores, so please don't tell me that a
particular store has a limited SF--science fiction--section unless I have
specifically claimed otherwise. All references to science fiction are
abbreviated SF for ease in electronic searching.]
(Thanks to Joseph Brenner, this is arranged geographically, roughly east to
west, or starting "Downtown" and moving outwards. If something is grossly
misplaced, please let me know, but it's difficult to order linearly a
two-dimensional map! The streets in the downtown area, running east to west
are Sansome, Montgomery, Kearney, Grant, Stockton, Powell, Mason, Taylor,
Jones, Leavenworth, Hyde, Larkin, Polk, and Van Ness. Running south to
north are Market, Turk, Eddy, Ellis, O'Farrell, Geary, Post, Sutter, Bush,
Pine, and California.)
Louie Bros Book Store (754 Washington near Grant). Chinese
language. Noted a Lotus 1-2-3 manual in the window.
William K. Stout Architectural Books (804 Montgomery,
415-391-6757). This is a beautiful bookstore on all facets
of architecture, including furniture. The books are stored
in a seemingly chaotic fashion, but the staff is helpful
and knowledgeable. Closed Sunday, open late Thursday.
City Lights (261 Broadway and Columbus, 415-362-8193). The best
place for general literature. Famous beat era shop. Go
Alexander Book Co. (south of Market on Second Street downtown,
415-495-2992). Pleasant to hang out in, and carries a more
interesting selection of everything than many larger places.
It's hidden away behind Stacey's. (Stacey's is valuable but
really just a giant Waldenbooks in spirit. Alexander is
not--they will order *anything* from anyone if even just
suspected to be in print.) Mon-Fri 8:30AM-6PM, Sat
Rand McNally (595 Market near 2nd, 415-777-3131). Huge selection of
maps and travel books.
Stacey's (581 Market near 2nd, 415-421-4687). It is remarkable for
technical books. Another branch at 383 Sacramento between
Front and Battery. Mon-Fri 8:30AM-6:30PM, Sat 9AM-5:30PM.
Audio Books (7 3rd south of Market, 415-905-0200). Books and other
stuff on tape for sale and rent. I wasn't able to visit it
because I was busy during the daytime when it was open, but
it seemed to have an impressive selection.
Bassett Book Shop (865 Market in the San Francisco Shopping Centre,
415-543-0933). This used to be Brentano's. It has recently
opened on two floors of the "Nordstrom Mall." The store
itself has three floors of new books; it's spacious, and
looks inviting. The selection is reasonable. There are
chairs that are not very comfortable. The staff is not up
to speed yet, but that will probably change.
Tillman Place Bookshop (8 Tillman Place off Grant between Post and
Sutter, 415-392-4668). Was previously called Charlotte
Newbegin's Bookshop. Contrary to previous reports, they do
*not* specialize in Russian books (can someone help me out
on what bookstore the person might have been thinking of?)
and does not carry used books.
Argonaut Books (786 Sutter at the corner of Taylor, 415-474-6353).
Hunter's Books (151 Powell, 415-397-5955). A super-discounted
branch of Books Inc. Remainders and such.
International Corner (500 Sutter at Powell, 415-362-4812). Foreign-
Language vooks, mostly European languages.
The Bookstall (570 Sutter btwn Powell and Mason 415-362-6353).
Used. It has a general selection of books.
Albatross (166 Eddy btwn Mason and Taylor, 415-885-6501). Used.
Much more upscale than McDonalds, excellent selection. In a
very seedy area, but you are probably safe during the day.
Also a branch at 143 Clement at 3rd Avenue, 415-752-8611.
McDonalds (48 Turk, 415-673-2235). Used. You gotta see this place:
rickety shelves stacked to the rafters with old books and
magazines. The next quake is going to wipe this place out.
In a very seedy area, but you are probably safe during the
day. "Heavily advertised, but greatly overated. I do not
see how they could possibly have over one million
books/magazines/records, as they claim, and their material
seemed badly disorganized. In addition, Turk St. is an
alarming place to someone not familiar with that area (not
someplace to go after dark)." Mon, Tue, Thu 10AM-6PM,
Wed, Fri, Sat 10:30 AM-6:45PM.
Civic Center:
European Books (925 Larkin a couple of blocks uphill/north
of Fantasy Etc., 415-474-0626). THE place to go for
European-language books. Mostly French, German, and
Spanish, but other languages as well. Mon-Fri 9:30AM-6PM,
Sat 9:30AM-5PM.
Fantasy Etc. (808 Larkin between Geary and O'Farrell, 415-441-7617).
SF and mysteries.
A Clean Well-Lighted Place For Books at Opera Plaza (610 Van Ness
Ave between Golden Gate and Turk, 415-441-6670). A good
general selection of books, and a helpful staff. "Only in
San Francisco will you find a bookstore where the children's
section is next to the lesbian and gay section." Sun-Thu
10AM-11PM, Fri-Sat 10AM-12M.
San Francisco Opera Shop (2nd floor of the War Memorial Opera House,
Van Ness at Grove, 415-565-6414). Open every night an opera
is given; features opera-related items which are sometimes
hard to find elsewhere.
Acorn Books (740 Polk between Eddy and Ellis next-door to Sierra
Club HQ, 415-563-1736). Used. Everything over $15 is on
the computer. They also have printouts by topic. "Very
large collection of SF paperbacks. Some hardcover. Some
highly priced collectibles. A good selection of pulps in
average condition (AMAZING, ASTOUNDING, ANALOG, etc.).
There are a few other used book stores in the immediate
area, which I would recommend staying away from." "This has
one of the best selctions of out-of-print material I have
seen in SF/fantasy." Mon-Sat 10:30AM-8PM, Sun 12N-7PM.
Books & Company (1323 Polk near Bush, 415-441-2929). "This is a
cramped, low-ceilinged place, painted blood-red throughout,
with books overflowing every imaginable horizontal surface.
Classical music wafts through the air, as does the faintest
aroma of the Bookstore Cat's ... uh ... facilities. There
are oriental rugs on the floor, the better to cushion the
fall of all those precariously-perched books, and a rather
curmudgeonly appearing proprietor, who becomes an absolute
sweetheart with the slightest provocation. If you peek
behind the piles of current titles, you'll find all kinds of
used treasures on the shelves. And new titles are *heavily*
discounted--at least 40% off the list price! Its hours are
rather eccentric--something like Wednesday thru Saturday,
afternoons only, but don't quote me. [Sorry, too late!]
Anyway, the place is a bibliophile's (and ailurophile's
too--the Cat is perfect) paradise....
Around the World Books (1346 Polk, 415-474-5568). *Not* a travel
bookstore, but art and children's books, used. (May be some
new books as well; I'm working from the phone book listing.)
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art bookstore (Van Ness and
McAllister, near the Opera House, 415-863-2890). A great
selection of art and art-related books; also some
interesting children's books.
Richard Hilkert, Bookseller (333 Hayes, near the Performing Arts
Center, 415-863-3339). Has a large number of books on
architecture, as well as a large collection of books, new
and used, on design, the arts, collecting, gardening,
cooking, travel.... Carries new and used books, and has
book signings from time to time.
Drama Books (134 Ninth St, San Francisco CA 94103, two or three
blocks off Market, 415-255-0604).
U. S. Government Bookstore (Room 1023, Federal Building, 450 Golden
Gate Avenue, 415-252-5334). "Did you know that the U.S.
Government Printing Office operates 24 bookstores across the
country? ...and that they have some of the most >ahem<
unusual and interesting things you'll find anywhere?"
Super Crown (1700 Van Ness). Standard discount superstore.
Charlotte's Web (2278 Union, 415-441-4700). Children's bookstore.
Excellent selection of children's books along with tapes,
cards, art supplies and other good stuffcards, that children
and parents will enjoy. The staff is friendly,
knowledgeable, and helpful. Will do special orders for
items not in stock. Special features: monthly talks and
presentations by local authors and illustrators, story
hours, newsletter, and Joe the Dog.
Russian Hill Bookstore (2234 Polk, 415-929-0997). New (Spring '93)
used bookstore, specializing in religion, philosophy,
history, art and sports; also general subjects. Next door
to the Gateau Boutique which, though little-known, has some
of the best fancy pastries in San Francisco.
Blue Sky (down the street from Russian Hill). "I think [this]
is much better [than Russian Hill]."
Aaben (1546 California). Specializing in fiction, mystery, film,
SF, and counterculture.
Writer's Bookstore (2848 Webster, between Green & Union,
415-921-2620). A tiny store with new and used books.
Classical music on the radio, sports on TV! *All* new books
discounted up to 40-50% off cover-price!
Maritime Book Store (Hyde Street Pier near Fisherman's Wharf). A
very good selection of new maritime books. While there,
must visit the Balclutha, one of the few remaining
square-rigged Cape Horn sailing ships.
Mission (and Noe Valley):
Dog Eared Books (1173 Valencia, 415-282-1901). Medium-sized,
general-purpose used bookstore; mostly paperbacks.
Open Mon-Sat 11AM-8PM, Sun 12N-6PM.
Laissez-Faire Books (Howard Street, 415-541-9780). Some general
philosophy, but strong classical liberal flavor.
Freedom Forum's Books (1800 Market Street, 415-864-0952).
Capitalist. "Most bookstores carry plenty of socialist
books; how many carry the works of the Austrian economists
such as Ludwig Von Mises and F.A. Hayek? ... Anyone
wanting a balanced view of both socialism and capitalism
should patronize this store frequently." (Someone else
called this "Free Forum Bookstore.")
Limelight Film & Theatre Bookstore (1803 Market, San Francisco CA
94103, 415-864-2265). The Limelight has more scripts, but
Drama Books also stocks used books, and more about the
history/techniques of theater.
Aardvark (237 Church at Market, 415-552-6733). Used to have
separate new and used stores; now the Church Street location
carries both new and used books.
Ant Hill Books (237 Church Street, next door to Aadvark,
415-626-BOOK). A small, but promising place. General-
purpose collection, with some unusual titles and a growing
selection of first editions.
Maelstrom Books (572 Valencia near 17th St, 415-863-9933).
Medium-sized place. "Looks good." "[Does] not look very
good. In fact, it looks dilapidated. It's dark, and the
books do not look in good condition. The selection is not
up to par with other stores in the neighborhood."
Forest Books (3080 16th St at Valencia, 415-863-2755). Largely used
books. Spacious, fluorescently lit place with subdued
classical music. Hours: 11 AM to 9 PM.
Abandoned Planet Bookstore (518 Valencia, next door to Valencia
Books, 415-626-2924). Medium-sized selection of used books,
mostly paperbacks. Specializing in arts and literature.
They don't have a large selection yet, but they have
obviously spent some money to make it look nice. Great
cushions to sit in the window corners. This may become a
nice place. (Was previously The Book Center.) Very low
prices. "Excellent steak burritos across the street, at
La Cumbre."
Adobe Book Shop (3166 16th west of Valencia, 415-864-3936). A
used-book store. "It doesn't look as nice as some of the
other stores, but it has a reasonable selection."
Old Wives' Tales (1009 Valencia, 415-821-4675). Feminist.
Modern Times Bookstore (888 Valencia near 20th Street, 415-282-9246;
next door to Cafe Beano at 878 Valencia). A good selection
of books along the lines of contemporary urban/liberal
thought; lots of political stuff. "I gather from the name
they think of themselves as an alternative to the more
backward-looking City Lights bookstore." "Finally a
bookstore that doesn't just have the tracts on Central-
American politics, but also books in Spanish."
Manzanita Used Books & Records (3686 20th St at Guerrero,
415-648-0957). Incredible, random cluttered collection of
books, comic books, records, whatever. Incense, light jazz
music, and many rooms which definitely exhibit a Tardis
effect. Almost a must-see. "Manzanita is, indeed, a
Carroll's Books (Church and 24th--Noe Valley, 415-647-3020). Used.
Jim Carroll was a buyer at Green Apple (see below) and has
excellent taste in used books. A large used bookstore with
a good selection, but most impressive for its funky living
room area with cool bird cages. "Small, but a great
atmosphere and selection.... I found a near-perfect
Riverside Shakespeare for $25." If you're in the area, check
out the Mission: Valencia Books, Maelstrom, etc.
Phoenix Books & Records (3850 24th at Vicksburg--Noe Valley,
415-821-3477). Good general used books store. Has some
nifty chairs.
Cover to Cover Booksellers. (24th at Sanchez--Noe Valley,
415-282-8080). Smallish general bookstore. A neighborhood
place. Lots of kids books.
Small Press Traffic Literary Arts Center (3599 24th Street at
Guerrero, 415-285-8354). "SPT is a non-profit literary
arts center. The bookstore carries an extensive stock of
contemporary poetry, fiction, non-fiction, and literary
quarterlies. Many of these items are difficult to find
elsewhere. It sponsors reading series of new and
experimental writers, a multicultural reading series, and
writing workshops in poetry and prose. It's a gathering
place for poets and writers. SPT accepts mail orders and
credit cards. Hours are Noon to 6PM, Tuesday through
La Latina (2548 Mission between 21st and 22nd, 415-824-0327).
Spanish-language books.
La Moderna Poesia (2122 Mission, 415-861-6775).
Spanish-language books.
A Different Light (489 Castro Street between 17th & 18th,
415-431-0891 or 800-343-4002). This is a branch of the
company that also has bookstores in West Hollywood and New
York City. They have a very large selection of titles of
interest to lesbians, bisexuals and gay men, and
occasionally carry a few used books. They also have a
large L/G/B newspaper and magazine section, and sell videos,
cards, T-shirts, buttons and other good stuff, and also
regularly schedule authors' receptions and readings.
Sun-Thu 10AM-11PM, Fri-Sat 10AM-12M.
Crown Books (518 Castro near 18th Street, 415-552-5213). A typical
Crown bookstore, though with a fairly large "Gay Interest"
section in the back.
Books Etc. (538 Castro near 18th Street, 415-621-8631). A good
selection of (mostly) used books, notable for having a
fairly large "Gay Interest" section.
Lower Haight:
Diluvian (518 Haight near Filmore, 415-558-9035). Largely a used
bookstore, with a wide assortment oriented toward
hardcovers. Atmosphere is relaxed, spacious with a number
of easy chairs scattered around. They play classical music
in the background.
Naked Eye (533 Haight St near Filmore, 415-864-2985). Newstand and
video rental place. A weird magazine selection, with some
nice touches like "The Skeptical Inquirer" on display next
to the UFO magazines.
Comix Experience (305 Divisidero, 415-863-9258). A basic comic book
store, with a bit more open space than usual, for live
appearences by authors and artists.
Kinokuniya (shopping center at 1581 Webster, 415-567-7625). The
largest Japanese-language bookstore in San Francisco. They
also have books in English on Japan, translations into
English, Japanese language textbooks, many periodicals, etc.
They have a branch in San Jose (408-252-1300) and perhaps
elsewhere. Sun-Sat 10:30AM-7PM.
Buddhist Bookstore (1710 Octavia, 415-776-7877). Buddhist books,
one assumes.
Upper Haight:
Saint Adrian Company (1334 Haight, near Central, 415-255-1490).
Small, but classy used bookstore. Atmosphere: has a small
leather couch on a Chinese carpet, with jazz music in the
Bound Together, the Anarchist Collective Bookstore (1369 Haight near
Masonic, 415-431-8355). An odd collection of new and used
books, plus small press stuff. It has some strange
left-wing anarchist literature, but it also carries quite a
bit of other material, which might loosely be classified as
"weird": lesbian poets, Tesla Coils, early issues of
"REsearch," and so on. One poster wrote at length of his
dissatisfaction, especially concerning the staff, and
summarized as, "Rude staff possibly inclined toward petty,
knee-jerk self-gratification."
Forever After Books (1475 Haight near Ashbury, 415-431-8299).
Small, but with every available space packed with used
books. The staff is very agressively helpful, probably
because they know how hard it could be to find something
here. They carry all of the usual stuff, though in
particular I thought they had impressive collections of
old DIY/Engineering books and children's books.
Great Expectations (1520 Haight near Ashbury, 415-863-5515). Very
small place, but a surprisingly good collection of general
literature. Lots of T-shirts and things, largely on 60s
nostalgia themes, but there are also hints of the newer,
punkier Haight.
Comic Relief (1597 Haight near Clayton). Mostly comics. Carries
some other random things like THE ANARCHIST COOKBOOK.
The Booksmith (1644 Haight near Belvedere, 415-863-8688). Has a
table up front with a collection of excellent, quirky,
discount hardcovers and trade paperbacks. Recently (6/93)
started producing a set of "author trading cards" with a
photo on one side and information about his or her current
release and Booksmith appearances on the other; the first
group includes Jon Carroll, William Wegman, Terence McKenna,
Jullie Smith, Mary Bowen Hall, Susan Dunlap, and Linda
Grant. Mon-Sat 10AM-9PM, Sun 10AM-6PM.
Green Apple Books (506 Clement, 415-387-2272). New and used.
"Remotely situated in the Richmond district under perpetual
fog and surrounded by a maelstrom of Russian tearooms,
Vietnamese restaurants and greengrocers, the Holy City Zoo,
Tevye's, and the greatest Armenian delicatessen--Haig's--
I've ever smelled." Go upstairs for used books. There are
a few other used bookstores within a block or two of there.
Albatross III (143 Clement near Second Avenue, 415-752-8611). Used.
This is the neighborhood of Green Apple and many
Canterbury Books (5301 Geary near 17th Avenue, 415-751-7770). Very
knowledgeable staff. Just one block from a 38 Geary bus
stop. "Highly recommended." Mon-Sat 10AM-9PM, Sun 12N-7PM.
Znanije (5237 Geary, 415-752-7555). A Russian bookstore. ("It's
down towards Golden Gate park, not towards downtown. I
think the cross street is 16th.")
Ninth Avenue Books (1348 9th Ave between Irving and Judah,
Beard's Books (637 Kirkham near 8th Ave, 415-566-0507). Mostly used
books. A little bit of everything, but not a lot of
anything. High prices. A hard place to be enthusiastic
about, but it is open late (after midnight), and it's got a
cafe next door.
Comics & Comix (650 Irving, 415-665-5888, and 700 Lombard,
415-982-3511). More entries in the chain (smaller than Palo
Books New & Used (345 Judah at 9th Ave). "Discount Medical,
Technical & Professional." Hours around 9 AM-6 PM, closed
In and Out of Print books (401-A Judah and 9th Ave, 415-665-1116).
Another great used book store. Its awning says OPEN TILL
MIDNITE. "They have a fairly typical assortment of the sort
of stuff which people like used bookstores for, including
some older paperback first editions as suitably outrageous
prices." (The 443 Clement branch has apparently closed as of
Elsewhere (260 Judah and 8th Avenue, 415-661-2535). SF and
mysteries. "An excellent collection of collectibles. A
less than average selection of regular, used SF. Prices are
fairly high, but I always have been able to find a rare
book, in fine condition, that I haven't been to find
elsewhere." One person said it seems to be open only about
10 hours a week; another said it is open until 8 on
Wednesdays; yet another says Wednesday through Sunday 12-4.
Afikomen (3042 Claremont, Berkeley, 510-655-1977). Judaica.
Probably closed Saturday.
Avenue Books (2904 College Ave, Berkeley, 510-549-3532). Small but
*very* well-stocked. Offers many services including
gift-wrapping, UPS shipping (no service charge) and special
orders (including ones directly from the publisher--again no
service charge). Lots of friendly, knowledgeable staff. A
good old-fashioned neighborhood bookstore. Their SF
section is mostly a token one--but with Dark Carnival and
Other Change of Hobbit so close by, there's no need to have
an extensive one; excellent mystery section,
though! Open Mon-Sat 9:30AM-9PM, Sun 11AM-6PM.
Barnes & Noble (on Shattuck in Berkeley). "The Berkeley store is
quite large without the crowding which often occurs between
rows of bookcases. They even put out some benches around a
fountain in the center of the store. The magazine selection
is huge. I found "Car Design and Technology," a British
magazine. It was the latest issue (flown in, according to
the sticker), and still only cost a few dollars." The one
in Jack London Square (see below) is supposedly twice the
Barnes & Noble (Jack London Square, Oakland). About twice the size
of the one in downtown Berkeley. One poster writes, "But
seriously, why would you go to B&N when you have Cody's
right there?" Another replies, "Well, let's see ... Barnes &
Nobles prices are better, for one thing, since they discount
everything. Also, their selection is better. I suppose
it's more romantic to support Cody's, but some of us can't
afford to be that romantic."
Bibliomania (San Pablo between 15th and 16th, 510-835-5733). A very
nice used bookstore, among the Bay Area's finest. Very
attractive--varnished pine shelves, books arranged
alphabetically by author within each section, dustjackets
protected with mylar sleeves. Fiction, poetry,
Californiana, general titles.
Big Bad Book Sale (2349 Shattuck Ave). New books greatly reduced,
with very little order to the chaos.
Black Oak Books (1491 Shattuck Ave, 510-486-0698). I think you
either love it or hate it. One poster says, "They have a
good mix of new and used and their used selection includes
particularly good mythology/folklore and cookbook sections.
Their women's section is quite good and they have one of the
better humor sections I've run across (e.g., that's where I
picked up Sally Swain's GREAT HOUSEWIFES OF ART)." But
another claims, "Black Oak Books is all shuck and jive.
Lots of new Politically Correct stuff up front, but slim
pickins for used goods in the back." "Good selection, but
very pricey." Sun-Sat 10AM-10PM.
Cartesian (2445 Dwight Way). Small, good quality, scholarly.
Cody's (2454 Telegraph at Haste, 510-845-7852). "One of the two
stores in the Bay area I hold up as the definition of the
term 'bookstore.' (The other is Kepler's in Menlo Park.)"
A very large selection of just about everything
(foreign-language books on Dwight just west of Telegraph).
"Cody's is the only book store in the Bay Area with a
significant selection of books on various subjects that
interest me (including Judaica, system dynamics and
whitewater maps). It is true that it isn't as good as it
was when Fred Cody was alive ... but it's still a damn good
store." Re the Judaica, Cody's claims it carries "the
world's largest selected of Passover books and related
items, including 200 Haggadahs, many of them rare and
out-of-print" [PW, 8/16/93]. The cafe that had been added
was replaced by a magazine/journal/newspaper area. ("This
part of Cody's now sells the usual range of foreign and
domestic magazines, art journals, literary rags, newspapers,
etc.--the sort of stuff that Dave's (also in Berkeley) was
once so good at.") There is even a book about Cody's:
1956-1977, by Pat and Fred Cody (released Oct 1992 and still
on display at Cody's; it was described in an article in the
8/3/92 issue of PW). Will ship worldwide. Sun-Thu
9:15AM-9:45PM, Fri-Sat 9:15AM-10:45PM.
Dark Carnival (Ashby/Adeline, across the street from the Ashby BART,
about two blocks north of the Adeline and Shattuck
intersection, 510-845-7757). (The address is 2978 Adeline,
but some people think it's on Shattuck.) "An unbelievably
fantastic book store. Simply the best. Nirvana. The
volume, quality, thoughtfulness and variety are
overwhelming. Tucked away in every nook are displays of
sub-genres which are impossible to pass by. Their table and
bookcase of signed books beats many stores entire selections
of SF. I've even had recognizable authors serve me from
behind the counter. The store is too large to browse fully
in one visit. Large collection of hardcovers, including
some limited editions. Large non-fiction section. Frequent
signings, readings and parties. Many imports. And much,
much more!"
Dave's Smoke Shop (2444 Durant). In the indoor shopping passage
between Durant and Channing Way just west of Telegraph; same
mini-mall as Revolution Books). The periodical selection in
there used to be amazing. They even had Pravda
(untranslated). However, they have recently changed
ownership and the selection has become somewhat smaller.
Whether this is a permanent change is anyone's guess.
De Lauers (1310 Broadway, Oakland, about 3 blocks away from Holmes
Bookstore, 510-451-6157). "This place is open 24 hours a
day, and has the widest selection of newspapers and
magazines that I've *ever* seen in one place."
Gaia (1400 Shattuck Ave, 510-548-4172). "Ecological and Spiritual
Resources for an Awakening World." A primary resource for
the East Bay women's spirituality community. Books, music,
sacred arts." Wonderful atmosphere.
Gull Book and Print Gallery (1551 San Pablo, 510-836-9142). A
consortium of a dozen or so used booksellers. Well worth a
visit, although the place has seen better days. Eclectic
collections of uneven quality. Strong on fishing titles and
1940s porno paperbacks.
Half-Price Books (2525 Telegraph between Dwight and Parker). "This
bookstore is abominably organized. The only time I ever go
in is when I'm waiting for a table at the Ethiopian
restaurant next door." Open Sun-Sat 10AM-10PM.
Holmes (274 14th St, Oakland, 510-893-6860). Excellent selection,
*excellent* prices. You might have trouble getting there,
because the freeway collapsed. (Others claim this isn't a
problem, and there is pretty good parking.) It's also on
the border of a major crack-dealing district, so you should
only go there in the middle of the day, not at night. (As
someone else points out, it also closes at 5, so the former
seems redundant.) Lots of Californiana upstairs. New and
used books. Todd Nemet writes that on 23 Jan 94 the KPIX
10 o'clock news that the Holmes bookstore is haunted. "They
interviewed a worker who said that she has heard books fall
out of their shelves behind her, creaking on the steps, and
mysterious knockings on the door. The owners think that the
ghost is of the founder of the bookstore. Although the news
story was pretty long, there wasn't too much more
information in it. The reporter also dared anyone to spend
the night in the basement of the bookstore without any
lights on. Don't you think that having the lights out
defeats the purpose of spending the night in a bookstore?
But I thought I should alert you of a chance to spend the
night in a bookstore anyway."
Liberty Tree (134 98th Ave in Oakland). Not just libertarian but
also general civil liberties and` history books.
Mama Bear's (6536 Telegraph, Oakland). Feminist
bookstore/coffeehouse. Limited selection. There's a better
feminist bookstore in San Francisco called Old Wives' Tales.
Marcus Books (Fillmore near Sutter, Oakland). African and Black
history and issues. Also supposedly has a branch in San
Mr. Mopps' Children's Bookshop (1405 Martin Luther King Jr. Way)
Moe's (2476 Telegraph between Haste and Dwight, 510-849-2087; Five floors of mostly used books.
Around for over 25 years, they are one of the largest
bookstores of their kind. Their old store can be seen
briefly in THE GRADUATE). Has a variety of services. Will
do book searches through their email address. More Moe's,
located on the fourth floor, is an art and antiquarian shop.
One poster writes, "My favorite bookstore and probably the
best bookstore on the face of this earth. Okay, okay, that
may be an exaggeration (especially since I haven't been to
New York). However, how many used bookstores do you know
that charge 1/2 of the cover price for *all* paperbacks--
including the old 25- or 35 -cent paperbacks!" (Although
another poster calls them "very pricey" on hardbacks.) Will
ship worldwide.
O'Neil Book Co. (1150 Sixth Street, one block north of Gilman,
510-527-9855). Great selection of remaindered books. "I
was told about this by one of the proprietors of The Other
Change Of Hobbit, who thinks most highly of it."
Other Change of Hobbit (2020 Shattuck Avenue at University Avenue,
510-848-0413; "An excellent selection
of new SF, paperback and hardcover. Plus, there's a decent
selection of used SF, some used pulps, with an occasional
outstanding collectible under the glass case in the back.
Occasional signings." You can send them your want list and
they will get back to you as things come in. They ship
worldwide. **MOVED FROM ITS OLD LOCATION 3/93**
Pegasus Books (1855 Solano, 510-525-6888).
Pendragon Books (5560 College Avenue, Oakland, 510-652-6259).
Pegasus and Pendragon are owned by the same management.
Both of them stock primarily used books, remaindered books
and recent releases.
Revolution Bookstore (2425 Channing Way). In a mini-mall between
Durant and Channing Way off Telegraph; underneath building
on west side of Telegraph--the same mall as Dave's Smoke
Serendipity (1201 University Ave one block east of San Pablo,
warehouse full of first editions and rare books. Used
books. "One of the Bay Area's finest, but they know books
and there are few bargains there. Also worth a visit just
to admire some very fine woodworking in their bookcases and
cabinets." "I have yet to find anything of any interest to
me in Serendipity Books."
Shakespeare and Company (2499 Telegraph). Diverse store. Open
Shambhala (2482 Telegraph next to Moe's). Excellent source for
books on Eastern religion and other forms of mysticism. New
University Press Bookstore (across from the intermural athletic
center, 2430 Bancroft).
Walden Pond (3316 Grand Avenue between Lake Park and Mandana,
Oakland. Distinct from Waldenbooks, a used and new
bookstore. They have a particularly good selection of
international writers (in translation) and radical
literature and magazines.
Corte Madera:
Book Passage (51 Tamal Vista Blvd, 415-927-0960). Written up in the
9/21/92 issue of PUBLISHERS WEEKLY. Over 9000 sq. ft. of
books, including a 3200-sq.ft. section devoted to mystery
and SF and a rare and used book department. "Book Passage's
great strength is its travel section. It was the only place
in the Bay Area where I was able to locate a guide to
freighter travel." The store also carries titles in French,
Spanish, and German, and has a cafe in the back. In an
attempt to fill the gap left by cutbacks in the California
library system, they have recently (6/93) started a (pay)
lending library of books, audiocassettes, and travel
videocassettes. (Corte Madera is in Marin County, across
the Golden Gate Bridge.)
Dan F. Webb Books (1535 San Pablo, 510-444-4572). Mostly military
and aviation titles, some general stock. Be sure to haggle
over the prices. Tue, Thu, Sat 11AM-4PM.
A Clean Well-Lighted Place for Books (2417 Larkspur Landing Circle,
Larkspur, 415-461-0171). "It's in Marin County, across the
"street" from the Larkspur Ferry terminal. It's a popular,
comfortable place. My favorite in Marin county!"
Full Circle Books (1148B El Camino Real). Specializes in New Age
books. They have both new and used books.
Menlo Park:
East West Books (1170 El Camino, 415-325-5709). "A complete New Age
book shop, with sections on herbalism, metaphysics,
aromatherapy, shamanism, inner healing.... Also cards,
incense, crystals, gongs, and other Aquarian doodads. This
is the sort of thing that people who like this sort of thing
will like." Mon-Thu, Sat 10AM-9PM, Fri 10AM-5:30PM,
Sun 1PM-5:30PM.
Kepler's (1010 El Camino Real, 415-324-4321). "One of the two
stores in the Bay area I hold up as the definition of the
term 'bookstore.'" Special emphasis on alternative and
progressive titles. Has regular in-person programs, often
featuring important authors. "They recently opened a
separate discount book section, big, but not as good as
Books Inc. (in my opinion)." Sun-Sat 11AM-7PM.
Wessex (558 Santa Cruz half-block off El Camino, 415-321-1333). A
truly delightful place. They have a large selection of used
books in wonderful condition and at good prices. They seem
to have a little bit of everything although the SF and
mystery sections are somewhat limited. The best used
bookstore on the peninsula. Their other claim to fame:
Classical, Jazz and Blues used records. Wonderful place!
Across the street from Kepler's. Open Friday and Saturday
until 9PM, and Sunday afternoons.
Palo Alto:
Bell's (536 Emerson, 415-323-7822). Used. In terms of selection
good. Great for book collectors. "Unfortunately much of
their stock is out of reach on high shelves, which can be
frustrating. They also shelve their fiction books in three
layers, so you have to create little temporary piles on the
floor as you mine for books. Great place!" People used to
complain that they often changed the price on the book when
you bring it up to the register (so that for a book marked
$3 they might say, "Sorry, that's $7.50 now"), but someone
recently reported that they had stopped doing this because
it pissed off too many customers. Closed Sundays.
Bob and Bob (151 Forest Ave, 415-329-9050). Judaica. Closed
Books Inc. (Stanford Shopping Center, 415-321-0600). New books.
Has a good paperback selection. As of 7/93, had moved to
smaller quarters, reportedly due to rent hikes by the mall.
New location has much less of everything; the big tables of
deep discount hardcovers are essentially gone. Basically
indistinguishable from Waldenbooks now. One poster's
feeling is that within a year, this mall will have no
bookstores in continuous operation (see comments on Phileas
Fogg and Sports Central). Open 7 days a week.
Chimaera (University near High, 415-327-1122). Excellent mostly
used bookstore specializing in well-selected literary and
humanities titles. Also good selection of used records,
cassettes, and CDs, especially for classical, jazz, and
progressive rock.
Comics & Comix (403 California Ave, 415-855-8100). Good new and
used comics collection, some Frazetta-style "art" books,
small humor and gaming sections.
Future Fantasy (3705 El Camino, 415-855-9771;
An excellent selection of new SF, fantasy, and mystery.
"Far and away my favorite bookstore for SF." Frequent
signings. New, larger location with parking lot. If you
have access to a WWW client, Future Fantasy in Palo Alto is
accessible at
"They have a great interface, including their complete
catalog, newsletter, some cover shots, and forms to
actually order stuff." Will ship worldwide. Open Monday
through Saturday.
Know Knew Books (415 California, 415-326-9355). A good spot for
used paperbacks, SF and general. A good selection of
hard-cover fiction and non-fiction as well. "My vote for
the best Bay Area used bookstore. Although Recycle Books
in San Jose, or Acorn Books in San Francisco may have
larger overall volumes, the SF selection in this store is
unbeatable. There is also a large, reasonably priced,
collectible section." "My vote for best, too. Not only is
the SF collection great, but the SF and fantasy first
editions collection is good; excellent collection of
series-format paperbacks. Reliable rumor: they're going to
open a branch, probably in the South Bay, in the near
future." Open 7 days a week.
Megabooks (444 University Avenue near Waverly, 415-326-4730). Good
general used bookstore which often has real bargains on
recent cook books.
Minerva Books (1027 Alma, 415-326-2006). Wide collection of books
dealing with the occult, astrology, Eastern religion, etc.
Phileas Fogg (Stanford Shopping Center, 415-327-1754). As of
7/1/93, this travel store has merged with Sports Central at
this location. They did not expand their shelf space,
however, so both collections have been cut. Local and West
Coast travel is still fairly good (but cut down from before
the merger); the folding map collection is still good, but
all of the non-travelogue, non-folding map stuff (on the
right-side shelves as one enters) is gone, replaced by
sports books. The staff was noticeably less friendly; there
was a television and VCR running some sports tape. "My
gut-level impression: will be out of business within one
year if the current format is retained."
Printers Inc. (310 California, 415-327-6500). Smaller than
Kepler's, but more personal, with a cafe in the bookstore
(a recent trend in bookstores). Though they have recently
expanded, the bookshop itself is as friendly and personal as
ever. The cafe is also larger but (as one poster says) "I'm
afraid, much less cosy and intimate than before. One
positive result of the expansion is that the cafe section no
longer closes during readings by authors and poets." Good
selection of foreign papers. The same poster writes, "My
favourite weekly ritual is to cycle from work to Printer's
Inc., pick up my reserved copy of the [Toronto] "Globe and
Mail," and peruse it over a cup of dark French roast coffee
with the buzz of conversation in the background. A very
pleasant and civilized way to spend an otherwise dull
Tuesday evening." Sun-Sat 10AM-11PM, though the newspaper
section may open earlier.
Renaissance Books (230 Hamilton near Emerson, 415-321-2846).
Another used bookstore, specially good for its huge
collection of very cheap popular fiction -- mysteries,
gothic, SF, etc. (Used to be Recycle Books.) "An
above-average, well-established store which has recently
been eclipsed by Book Buyers, one block away (see entry.)
Open 7 days.
Sports Central: The Ultimate Sports Bookstore (157 Stanford Shopping
Center, 415-327-7707). 7000 titles, as well as audio and
video tapes, and a few accessories, but no memorabilia or
used books. Thursday night lecture series. (Written up in
PUBLISHERS WEEKLY, 10/5/92). (As of 7/1/93, merged with
Phileas Fogg (above) in the Phileas Fogg location. See that
entry for full details.)
Stacey's (291 University, 415-226-0681). Technical books.
Mon-Sat 9AM-9PM, Sun 12N-5PM.
Stanford University Bookstore (on the Stanford Campus,
415-329-1217). The largest bookstore in the Bay Area. It's
the most likely place to find a new book. Their inventory
is available on the network for people who have the right
accounts. There's also a branch at 135 University Avenue
(415-327-3680) in Palo Alto which specializes in technical
books and is open Mon-Fri 9:30AM-7PM, Sat 10AM-6PM.
Szwede Slavic Books (2233 El Camino, 415-327-5590). Good selection
of Polish books, among others.
Los Altos:
The Antiquarian Archive (379 State Street, 415-949-1593). Used
books. "The yuppie nightmare of downtown Los Altos is
redeemed only by the presence of the Antiquarian Archive, a
serious used book store." Fine Californiana, military,
nautical selections. Decent prices.
The Book Nest (366 Second Street, 415-948-4724). It takes up
several rooms in a regular house, but the selection is
Heintzelman's Bookstore (205 State Street, 415-941-1842). Packed to
the roof with a large selection of books. The owners were
friendly, helpful, and well-read.
Mountain View:
Tower Books (630 San Antonio at El Camino, 415-941-7300). Open
until midnight.
Book Barterers Exchange (2025 El Camino, 415-3747). Used books,
half price.
San Antonio Hobby Shop (San Antonio Shopping Center, 415-941-1278).
Amazing selection of new books on aircraft, trains and ships
(warships, mostly). They have many hard-to-find and
imported titles. "Note to those concerned: this store (and
other parts of S.A.S.S.) have been bought out by the same
people who own the gospel bookstore in the Mall. It used to
be a good general gaming bookstore; all of the non-military
gaming was purged after the buyout." Closed Sunday; short
hours the rest of the week.
Printers Inc. (301 Castro Street, 415-941-8500). Newly expanded,
but now more of a meat market in the evenings than the Palo
Alto store. The cafe is better run (than Palo Alto) for the
morning, on-the-way-to-work espresso, etc.
Mon-Sat 8AM-11PM, Sun 9AM-11PM.
The Book Buyers (315 Castro). A good general used book store. It
has a good SF section. (This used to be on Emerson in Palo
Alto, but the building was damaged by the '89 earthquake.)
Collected Works (223 Castro, next to La Poblanta). Used. Large
general fiction section, fair sized mystery and SF sections.
Large collection of general fiction firsts and signed firsts
in locked glass cases. Lots of open floor space; very
quiet, like a library. Clean to the point of feeling
antiseptic; not friendly or inviting, and the size of the
clientele shows it. But has Hemingway first editions on the
shelf, if that's what one's in to.
Books Inc. (Town and Country Center--next to Sunnyvale Town Center).
Computer Literacy Bookshops, Inc. (520 Lawrency Expwy 1/2 mile north
of 101. The original site of this mini-chain. See main
listing in San Jose section.
Los Gatos:
Curious Book Shoppe (198 W Main at N Santa Cruz, 408-354-5560).
Barnes & Noble (Hamilton and Bascom). Not as big as their
superstore in Santa Clara but definitely the best thing open
for miles, especially at night. Next to a Starbucks if you
need espresso with your reading.
Books (116 San Tomas Aquino Road, 408-374-0933). Quality used
books--hardback only.
Poor Pat's (1800 South Bascom Ave, 408-369-1800). Used.
A Book Garden (1281 East Calaveras Boulevard, 408-262-9003). This
is a fine independent bookstore, with a knowledgeable and
helpful staff. It has recently expanded, and added a
cafe, featuring various coffees, espresso, and pastries,
croissants, and similar food. Open Mon-Fri 10AM-10PM;
Sat-Sun 10AM-6PM.
San Jose:
Barnes & Noble (Steven's Creek and San Tomas Expressways).
Fourth-largest bookstore in the United States. "64,000
square feet of pure sensory overload." "About the best
selection of new books around these parts, a cafe, very
helpful staff, but a bit of a chain-store feel. They claim
to be the fourth largest bookstore in the country, but based
on what?"
Books Inc. (420 Town & Country Village, 408-243-6262). New books.
A pretty good selection of SF. Better selection by far than
the Palo Alto branch, even before the move. No periodicals.
Computer Literacy Bookshops, Inc. (PO Box 641897, San Jose CA 95164;
2590 N 1st at Trimble, 408-435-5017, fax 408-435-1823;
e-mail,, A very large selection of technically
oriented computer books and related technical books
(electrical engineering, mathematics). Emphasis is
definitely on books for computer-related professionals--but
a reasonable selection of user-oriented tutorials also. A
lot of invited guests; you can also get announcements of
those events via e-mail or reading ba.seminars.
Yesterday's Paperbacks (Union Avenue near South Bascom Avenue,
408-559-6006). As the name implies, this is a used
paperback store. "Its most noteworthy aspect is the large
number of out-of-town (even foreign) newspapers and, to a
lesser extent, other periodicals they carry. I'd estimate
at least thirty different papers, usually only Sunday
editions for the more distant locations."
Recycle Books (138 East Santa Clara, 408-286-6275). They have a
pretty decent general selection. SF books are a strong
point, but philosophy books are a weak spot. "This is a
very large used book store. They have the best Bay Area
collection of used SF hardcovers. Very few collectibles,
though." Open 7 days.
Book-Cafe (41st Ave, next to the movie theater, 408-462-4415). New
books only. Good selection of magazines. Probably has the
best selection of audio books and literary magazines in the
Santa Cruz area. Also has a small coffee-shop inside.
Half Moon Bay:
Ocean Books (500C Purissima, one block west of Kelly and Main).
Used. "A very literate selection, and the store has
oriental rugs, hardwood floors, a wood stove ... it's quite
Santa Cruz:
Book Loft (Soquel Drive at Seabright, 408-429-1812).
Used books only.
Bookshop Santa Cruz (in the old St. George Hotel on the Pacific
Avenue [previously Pacific Garden Mall], 408-423-0900). A
Santa Cruz tradition. Very large magazine selection and
indoor/outdoor cafe.
Chimney Sweep Books (across from Caffe Pergolesi on Center Street).
A used bookshop, great for philosophy, religion, some rare
stuff too, but small.
Gateways (a block from Logos/Plaza in the old Great Outdoors
Outlet). A venerable Santa Cruz institution, with twice the
space of its old location and a small cafe. It is primarily
known for new-age, metaphysics, self-help, etc.
The Literary Guillotine (Union St, downtown). Recently opened
(6/93). Used books. They seem to tend more in the
direction of the scholarly than the popular, but they have a
pretty interesting selection of things.
Logos (has re-opened in a new building at its *old* location at
1117 Pacific Avenue [previously Pacific Garden Mall],
408-426-2106). Two full floors of books, used records, and
used CDs. Can be thought of as Santa Cruz's answer to Moe's
in Berkeley. "It is this bibliophile's opinion that Logos
has *the* best used book selection (in Santa Cruz, the
center of the Universe). You can get the same book (used)
here you can get in Capitola for 1/2 price (new)."
Plaza Books (on Pacific Ave. roughly across from the Palomar). New
books only. Plaza Books has the best tee-shirts, post-card
books, and greeting cards, by far beating out any of the
more "touristy" places.
Booksmart (7287 Coronado Drive, 408-996-1525). "A good selection of
used SF. This store is memorable in that its entire stock
is in a data base, tagged by bar codes or title. If you're
uncertain about a title, their data base will tell you right
away if they have it. No collectibles."
A Clean Well-Lighted Place For Books (The Oaks Shopping Center,
across Steven's Creek Boulevard from de Anza College and the
Flint Centre, 408-255-7600). Recently moved within the
shopping center. The new shop, though much bigger, is not
visible from the street. Sun-Thu 10AM-11PM, Fri-Sat
Computer Literacy Bookshops, Inc. (in the Apple R&D campus off of
280 & De Anza). Open to the public, better selection of
Apple-related books, smallest of the mini-chain. See the
main listing in the San Jose section.
Yesterday's Paperbacks (Union Avenue near South Bascom Avenue,
A Wrinkle in Time (19970 Homestead Road, 408-255-9406). New and
used SF, comics, videos, games, and collectibles.
San Leandro:
Roskie and Wallace Bookstore (14595 E 14th, 510-483-4163). "This is
a rather unique used book store. The prices are quite cheap
by Bay Area standards, the collection is huge, though not as
organized as some stores. In fact, it's kind of like a
cross between a bookstore and a rummage sale. It's not
usually a place to go looking for something specific, but
it's a browser's heaven--you're guaranteed to find
something unique, something you'd never even think of, let
alone find in another bookstore." Open Wed-Sat 10 AM to 4
Book Oasis (160 South K St, Livermore, 510-606-7876). "1,000 square
feet of used paperbacks and hardbacks at 1/2 to 2/3 of
original price, respectively. Owner is a tall man with
friendly eyes and a non-stop ranconteur. Classical music
plays non-stop at a volume low enough not to be obtrusive to
the browser. General subjects covered as well as the south
wall of the shop given over entirely to the romance genre.
Book searches offered, and free cookies available to all.
An unusual SF painting adorns the SF section and adds to the
friendly atmosphere." [I think this description is from the
Barnes & Noble (near where Willow Pass intersects I-680). Formerly
Bookstar, it has a noteworthy selection of new books.
San Rafael:
Books Revisited (C Street). A sizeable new and used bookstore.
Next door to Open Secrets.
Lifeways Books & Gifts (Lootens Place). New Age and occult.
Mandrake Bookshop (910 Lincoln Ave., 415-453-3484). *The* used
bookstore in Marin County. A large selection of quality
books. The owner, Hal Bertram, is worth chatting up--has
some additional goodies in the back room. Excellent prices.
Just two blocks from the bus plaza.
Open Secrets (C Street). Mainly eastern religion.
West Wind Books (1006 Tamalpais Ave., 415-456-6322). Used books.
A wonderful little bookshop with an excellent
general-purpose stock. Fine nautical section. Charming
proprietress. Good prices.
San Anselmo:
Heldford Book Gallery (310 San Anselmo Avenue, 415-456-8194) Mostly
out-of-print and rare. "Delightful little pillowed alcove
at the narrow end for perusing (building narrows between two
converging streets). I only looked at the one case of
children's books, which were high-priced collectibles."
Michael Good (35 San Anselmo Avenue, 415-459-6092). Second floor
over doctor's office. Out-of-print and rare. "This place
resembles what I supposed rare bookstores would be like,
before I had ever visited any. Creaky floors, a feeling of
time and of Rembrandtian brownness, and a proprietor
frequently engrossed in his merchandise."
Oliver's (645 San Anselmo Ave, 415-454-4421). Largest of the three
places. "I wasn't there long enough to get the flavor of
it. I know they carry used and rare, but didn't even bother
to notice if they carry new."
(All three of these places are on the same street. By bus, take Golden
Gate Transit route 20 or 23 to San Anselmo. At the bus stop, go down
the little stairway between the two bus shelters, and you are on the
high-numbered end of the street.)
Florey's. Forey's stocks a good supply of books, and Mrs. Florey is
very accomodating.
As for truly NORTHERN California, there is once again an excellent used
book store on the main drag in Ferndale (Ferndale Books?), which had
been closed because of damage from the 4/25/92 quakes. They also have
branches in Eureka (which has an excellent music selection) and in
Arcata. Eureka has another good store, located on the square with the
ugly modern fountain in the historic part of town. Arcata also has the
Tincan Mailman (at 10th and H, a couple of short blocks north of the
town square), a very pleasant used book store with a large selection and
There is also Cooperfields, a local chain in Cotati, Santa Rosa, Sebastapol
(good selection with no particular focus; the Santa Rosa store includes a
cafe and sells used books). Santa Rosa also has Clair Light Books (women's
books) amd Treehorn (used books with a good history selection). Willits
has The Book Juggler (a used bookstore with an excellent SF collection).
Someone else notes in Sacramento (definitely out of the Bay Area, but what
the heck) is The Book Mine (916-441-4609), which specializes in old and rare
books and will do book searches.
Sonia Sachs ( reports on the availability of
I have discovered a new and very thoughtful California travel
[subtitled A Series of Guides to The Foremost General Stock
Used and Out-of-Print Establishments in Los Angeles, Berkeley,
Seattle, San Francisco, San Diego, Portland, Sacramento &
Orange County]. This terrific little guide -- which is
actually a series of eight separate folio guides -- was
probably intended for visiting scholars and other bibliophiles,
but it will likely appeal to local residents as well because it
offers fresh views of well-known places. Four cities are
featured in the first series of guides -- Los Angeles, San
Francisco, Berkeley, and Seattle. A second series of four
guides -- due out later this year -- tours San Diego, Orange
County, Sacramento, and Portland, Oregon. Each guide begins
with introductory essays that expound, quite eloquently and at
some length, on the value of out-of-print bookstore browsing.
Readers are then offered tips on how to browse out-of-print
bookstores and simultaneously avoid big price tags. Would-be
hobbyists are shown how to develop and advance book
collections. Novice bibliophiles are given a glossary of terms
to explain different classifications of books -- rare, used,
out-of-print, first edition, etc. This is not just an ode to
bookstores. It is an ode to books. The travel aspect is the
guides' most exciting feature. Each guide contains an
insightful city essay and ten descriptive bookstore narratives
that go a long way toward situating the reader in the town he
or she is visiting. And who hasn't been looking for a new way
to explore a faraway city? Individually, these guides form a
strong argument that bookstore touring is the best way to learn
the physical and intellectual contours of any town. Taken
together, the guides are nothing less than a grand tour of
literary landmarks all along America's Pacific Coast. Maps, of
course, are included. The author of these guides is a West
Coast native and long-time bibliophile who is not affiliated
with any bookstore or bookstore association. Consequently, and
happily so, the narrative point-of-view is that of a bookbuyer
rather than a bookseller. In terms of style, each guide is
often as humorous as it is telling, and the author does not shy
away from pointed comments. "The Los Angeles metropolitan area
is surprisingly good used book store territory," begins the
city essay for the Los Angeles guide. "Admittedly, there is a
glut of shops that tend to feature first editions of Eddie
Fisher's autobiography, but sequestered between all these
hackneyed enterprises are some very reputable bookstores." The
guides, which read like booklets with a map as centerpiece,
sell for $6.00 each. For more information, write Browsing The
Best Publications, Box 7263, Berkeley, California 94707-0263,
There is also a book, THE NORTHERN CALIFORNIA BOOK FINDER, which sells for
$5.95 at the check-out registers of many of the stores. It covers more
geographic territory than this list, but doesn't have a whole lot more
information--it's basically a "Yellow Pages" sort of listing in which I'm
sure the bookstores buy space.
Anecedote from a reader:
"Had an interesting experience last night: I was having dinner at a
friend's house when he asked me if I had access to internet. This was
curious, indeed, as he is probably the most neo-Luddite younger person I
know, resistant to computer technology to the point of keeping business
records on scraps of paper beneath found paperweights and doing business
correspondence via penciled letters.
It turns out that the reason for this sudden interest is that someone
came into his store [which shall remain nameless here] in San Francisco,
and made a stunning $50.00 purchase on the basis of some recommended
bookstore list that you produced and posted on rec.arts.books. A captain
of industry he's not, so fifty big ones made about as big an impression
on him as a major bus wreck ("Don't mention the money," he says of this
message, "it sounds so crass."). Suddenly, this computer thing had
reality to him. He produced a scrap of paper with your net address on
it and requested that I thank you.
I just thought you might get as big a giggle out of this as I did."
Evelyn C. Leeper | +1 908 957 2070 | /
Evelyn C. Leeper | +1 908 957 2070 |
"The Internet is already an information superhighway, except that ... it is
driving a car through a blizzard without windshield wipers or lights, and all
the road signs are written upside down and backwards."--Mike Royko (not Dave
Archive-name: books/stores/north-american/western
Last change:
Fri Apr 22 10:26:36 EDT 1994
Copies of this article may be obtained by anonymous ftp to
under /pub/usenet/news.answers/books/stores/north-american/western.Z. Or,
send email to with "send
usenet/news.answers/books/stores/north-american/western" in the body of
the message.
This FAQ is in digest format.
Cities (listed geographically north-to-south, east-to-west) include:
Minneapolis/St. Paul MN
Iowa City IA
Kansas City MO
St. Louis MO
New Orleans LA
Dallas/Ft. Worth TX
Houston TX
Austin TX
San Antonio TX
Boulder CO
Colorado Springs CO
Denver CO
CO (other)
Santa Fe NM (includes northern NM)
Albuquerque NM (includes middle NM)
El Paso TX (includes southern NM)
Salt Lake City UT
Tucson AZ
Phoenix AZ
Seattle/Tacoma WA
Portland OR (and other OR)
Los Angeles CA
San Diego CA
[Note 1: This list includes cities south of the Canadian border and west of
the Mississippi River. Lists for the San Francisco Bay area and other
geographic areas are posted in separate messages at the same time as this
[Note 2: I collected these comments from a variety of people. I personally
have no knowledge of many of these places and take no responsibility if you
buy a book you don't enjoy. :-) Phone numbers and precise addresses can be
gotten by calling directory assistance for the appropriate city. Call ahead
for precise hours, as even when I list them they are subject to change.]
[Note 3: If you can add information for any of these, in particular
addresses when they are missing, please send it to me.]
[Note 4: I am cross-posting this to rec.arts.sf.written, but the bookstores
listed include *all* types of bookstores, so please don't tell me that a
particular store has a limited SF section unless I have specifically claimed
otherwise. All references to science fiction are abbreviated SF for ease in
electronic searching.]
Subject: Minneapolis/St. Paul MN
Anthony's (307 Oak St SE, 612-379-1020). Formerly Enigma. Open Mon-Wed
11AM-6PM, Thu-Sat 11AM-7:30PM.
Arise (2117 Lyndale Ave S, 612-871-7110). A women's bookstore, library, and
resource center. They just recently (9/92) opened, but rumor has it
they are worth visiting.
Barnes & Noble. "Perhaps the finest bookstore in the Twin Cities area with
an enormous selection of books of general interest, as well as items
I have found previously only in specialty stores. The store also
has the largest collection of magazines in the Twin Cities to my
B. Dalton's. "This was started up by The Dayton-Hudson company, which is
headquartered in Minneapolis. I was always surprised that the
Dalton's in downtown Minneapolis is not only one of the worst
bookstores I have been in, it is one of the worst Dalton's. I would
have thought that they would make an attempt to make their flagship
store one of the better ones." Later rumor (9/93) has it that it
is improving, but slowly. Best bet is probably the one in
Southdale, as their service is very good, and they can get books
from any of the other stores within a day. A fairly typical
mall-store, though.
Biermaier's BH Books (809 SE 4th St, just off exit 18 on 35W near
Dinkeytown, 612-378-0129). Open Tue 11AM-9PM, Wed-Sat 11AM-5:30PM.
The Book House (429 14th Ave SE, 612-331-1430). Used books. Has a huge
selection. Organization is so-so (but supposedly getting better),
but the sheer quantity of books makes up for this. If you can't
find it anywhere else (or didn't even know you wanted it) this is a
good place to shop. Most books are priced at 50% of cover, although
true antiques will be more, and books that are over-stocked are
sometimes heavily discounted. Large philosophy, theology, history,
writing sections. Open Mon-Sat 10AN-11PM, Sun 12N-6:30PM.
Bookdales (406 W 65th St, Richfield, 612-861-3303). Very neat, sometimes
alphabetized, nice boxed editions, first editions, magazines,
childrens, not much philosophy or technical. Good prices. Open
Mon-Sat 10AM-11PM, Sun 12N-6:30PM.
A Brother's Touch (2327 Hennepin Ave S, 612-377-6279). Gay, lesbian, and
bisexual. Recently (9/92) moved to this location.
Dinkytown Antiquarian Book Store (1316 SE 4th, 612-378-1286). This store is
located near the University of Minnesota. Modern first editions,
Western fiction, decorated covers, somewhat disordered. There are
several other used book stores in the area.
DreamHaven Books (1309 4th SE, 612-379-8924). Truly fantastic new and used
SF, fantasy, horror selection. Accepts telephone credit card
orders. Will ship worldwide. Open Mon-Fri 10AM-8PM, Sat 11AM-6PM.
J & J O'Donoghue Books (1926 2nd Ave. S., Anoka, 612-427-4320). Open
Tue-Wed, Fri-Sat 10AM-5:30PM, Thu 10AM-8PM.
Jefferson and Hamilton Loome Theological Booksellers (Old Swedish Convent
Church, 320 North 4th, Stillwater, 612-430-1092). Stupendous.
Friendly, helpful staff.
Leland N. Lien-Bokkseller (57 S 9th St, across from Nicolet Mall,
612-332-7081). Very neat, good quality, no philosophy. Open
Mon-Sat 10AM-5:30PM.
Mayday Bookstore (301 Cedar Ave S, 612-333-4719). A not-for-profit,
volunteer-run, community bookstore specializing in radical/leftist/
anarchist/feminist/queer books with a good selection of alternative
newspapers and periodicals. They carry lots of things you won't
find anywhere else.
Once Upon A Crime (604 W 26th, 612-870-3785). A great selection of
Sherlockian stuff and other mystery as well, both old and new. A
more active author signing schedule than Uncle Hugo's/Edgar's.
Orr Books (3043 Hennepin Ave S, 612-823-2408). One of my favorite
bookstores, they have a large selection of spiritual/religious/
women's studies/Native American literature/as well as general
fiction and the like. Their selection is similar to Present Moment
but larger and without the herbs.
Present Moment Books and Herbs (3546 Grand Ave S, 612-824-3157). Mostly
books dealing with spiritual/metaphysical/occult/health and healing,
they also have what they claim is "the largest selection of roots
and herbs in the midwest." They are a great resource for
metaphysical books and natural healthcare.
St. Croix Antiquarian Booksellers (216 S Main, Stillwater, 612-430-0732).
Large, very neat, fine quality, pretty good philosophy. Open
Mon-Wed 9:30AM-5:30PM, Th-Sat 9:30AM-8:30PM, Sun 12N-5PM
Uncle Hugo's Science Fiction Bookstore and Uncle Edgar's Mystery Bookstore
(2864 Chicago Ave S). Good selection of SF in the front (Uncle
Hugo's), with the back (Uncle Edgar's) for mysteries. They have a
nice newsletter with upcoming releases. Bargain hunting galore in
the used stacks.
Walker Art Center Bookstore (725 Vineland Place). A fun place to look at
artsy books. "For those not familiar with the Walker, it is one of
the better museums of modern art."
"In addition to your list, we've been blessed with two Borders (one in
Minneapolis & one in its western suburb, Minnetonka), and five Barnes
& Nobles superstores (we're their test market). I'm not especially
fond of Borders--I just don't like the atmosphere--but the Barnes &
Nobles are as close to heaven as I expect to come in this life ;> Not
only are they well stocked & staffed with people who belong in bookstores,
but they've got the best, most ecclectic selection outside of City Lights
"Strangely, there are few bookstores near the University of Minnesota.
The U of M bookstore does offer 10% off new books, but you'd hardly
want to go book shopping there unless there was something you knew you
needed to buy. Used book stores are another matter. There at least 4
good ones within walking distance of the U."
St. Paul:
Booksellers et al (167 Snelling Ave N). Big theology section, disordered,
poor quality. Open Mon-Fri 9AM-7PM, Sat 10AM-5PM, Sun 12N-5PM.
Half Price Books (2041 Ford Parkway in southwest St. Paul). A large and
well-organized half-price bookstore, selling both used and
publisher's overstock. Sections include, among others, technical,
mystery, SF, childrens' (good selection) and art (good selection).
Some very good deals can be found. There are branches of this
store in the suburbs of St. Louis Park and Maplewood.
Half Price Books (5011 Excelsior Blvd, St. Louis Park, 612-922-2414).
Large, extremely neat and orderly, newer books. Acceptable
philosophy and classics. Open Mon-Sat 9AM-9PM, Sun 10AM-6PM.
Half Price Books (1731A Beam Ave. Maplewood, 612-773-0631). Open Mon-Sat
9AM-9PM, Sun 10AM-6PM.
Harold's (186 W 7th 1/2 block west of Civic Center, 612-222-4524). Very
neat, good quality, great classics. Open Mon-Fri 10:30AM-5PM, Sat
The Hungry Mind, (near Macalester College). "As good as Borders, has been
having readings for years, and somehow belongs to what Saint Paul
is." "It still has one of the better selections of baseball books
in the area. I don't know why, but I don't care for the Hungry
Mind. I like their newspaper, but I never enjoy browsing there.
Perhaps it is the trendy coffee shop up front." "Much more
selection that one would expect for the bookstore serving a small
college (Macalester). The staff is helpful and knowledgeable."
James & Mary Laurie Booksellers (251 S Snelling, 612-699-1114). Open
Mon-Sat 10:30AM-6PM. Literary, pricey, ordered.
Mica Books (1209 Arcade St, 612-771-1534). Open Thu-Fri 12N-5PM, Sat
Midway Books (1579 University Ave at Snelling, 612-644-7605). Three floors
of used paperback, hardcover, and comics. Wide selection,
knowledgable staff (which has one drawback; they know what their
stuff is worth and charge accordingly). One of the better used
bookstores in the Twin Cities. Hours: Mon-Fri 9AM-9PM, Sat 9AM-7PM,
Sun 12N-7PM.
Odegard Books (857 Grand Ave, 612-222-2711). "A fading legacy. This was
once a thriving, locally owned, independent chain with several
stores, a large and extensive general collection, and a comfortable
atmosphere, a nice change from the larger national chains. For
whatever reason (read: Borders and Barnes and Noble) they are down
now to one store in Saint Paul, none in Minneapolis, IMHO a definite
loss for this area."
Rulon-Miller Books (400 Summit Ave, 612-290-0700). True antiquarian store.
Americana, literature, travel, early books, language. Open Mon-Fri
9AM-4:30PM (appointments preferred).
Subject: Iowa City, IA
B. Dalton's (Old Capitol Center Mall, Downtown). A typical mall bookstore.
The Bookery (523 Iowa Avenue). A hoard of used books crammed into an old
house. In addition to books, they have quite a bit of ephemera,
such things as railroad timetables, advertising flyers, and such.
Haunted Bookshop on the Creek (520 E Washington). Another hoard of used
books crammed into an old house. This is the best place in town
for used art and literary books.
Iowa Book and Supply (8 South Clinton). A big campus bookstore, heavy on
current textbooks, but with a good general reading selection.
Across the street from the center of campus, and known as Iowa Book
and Crook by many old-timers.
Murphy-Brookfield Books (219 North Gilbert). Yet another hoard of used
books crammed into an old house. The best place in town for old
technical books.
Prairie Lights Books (15 South Dubuque). The best bookstore in town by
just about any measure. This place comprares very well with Borders
in Ann Arbor; it is the home of the radio program "Live from Prairie
Lights," where authors do readings from their works. The place is
currently two floors of books, but they are planning to expand to
three floors. It is hard to find any gaps in this store's stock.
University Book Store (Iowa Memorial Union). The second best bookstore
in town, by most measures. As good a textbook selection as you
get, plus a good selection of art, literature, science, and other
books. Also a good place for art supplies.
Waldenbooks (Sycamore Mall). Another typical mall bookstore.
[Much of this part contributed by Doug Jones (]
Subject: Kansas City, MO
Border's (Metcalf next to the Glenwood Theater in Overland Park). Huge
selection, probably KC's biggest. Carries titles not normally
"allowed" by the more conservative locals. Cappucino bar in back.
U. S. Government Bookstore (120 Bannister Mall, 5600 E Bannister Road,
816-765-2256). "Did you know that the U. S. Government Printing
Office operates 24 bookstores across the country? ...and that they
have some of the most >ahem< unusual and interesting things you'll
find anywhere?" Open 7 days a week.
Subject: St. Louis MO
Big Sleep Books (in the Central West End). Mysteries.
By the Book (9040 Manchester, Brentwood, MO, a couple of blocks west of
Brentwood Blvd.; look for a blue awning on the South side as it is a
little hard to find). "I recently discovered this used book store,
very clean, open, carpeted, a few chairs. The have every book on a
computerized database by title and author so you have an alternative
to browsing. The SF section is very extensive, probably their
largest single classification, and the books are actually
alphabetized by author. You pay a tad more for all this, about $1
more than typical used prices for paperbacks, but this is easily the
nicest used bookstore I have ever been in."
A Collector's Bookshop (6275 Delmar in University City) (used). SF is
upstairs in the back. Sorted by author's last initial only, and the
selection is huge and turns over fast. You can spend hours in this
place. It's a real job to search through, but you get some real
bargains. Mostly paperbacks, but some hardbacks, trade, and book
club editions, too.
Left Bank Books (399 N Euclid in the Central West End). Probably the best
general bookstore in St. Louis. Large and comfortable with a
friendly, knowledgeable staff. SF is downstairs and features one of
the better offerings of hardback and trade paperbacks in stock, but
the regular paperback shelves are somewhat limited in this genre.
Still, it is always a delight to go to this store and I always end
up spending more time/money there than I planned.
The Library Ltd. (actually in the suburb of Clayton at Forsyth and Hanley,
about a half-mile west of Washington U). A new store, the largest
bookstore in St. Louis. A very pleasant store, with couches,
chairs, and tables for reading areas. Fills the whole floor of a
store which used to be a Best catalog showroom. A large selection
of discount-price remaindered books, and an extensive display of all
varieties of current hardbacks, paperbacks, and a reasonable
magazine selection, but one poster says, "Incredibly large store,
but an aesthetic turn-off. Huge vaulted ceilings and the
predominance of white paint make this store look cold and
commercial. And the cappucino downstairs ain't cheap. I much
prefer the atmosphere of Paul's Books."
Paul's Books (6691 Delmar in the University City Loop). "Paul's selection
always strikes me as broad rather than deep. Something for everyone
but not a lot for anyone. Probably the same kind of selection you
would find at a better mall store, but infinitely better staff and
service. Recently remodeled and expanded. SF section is very
limited, and I have never purchased anything there. Children's
books are now in a separate store called Pied Piper's that is in the
same building and is a delightful place to take young readers to
pick out books. A coffee house has recently opened next door, so
you can take your purchases there to try them out. A delightful
place to spend a Saturday morning. Paul's has anchored the
redevelopment of the U. City loop on the west just as Blueberry Hill
has on the east, and deserves support. A good bookstore and a good
saloon: what more could you ask for? " Another poster responds,
"His selection is *infinitely* better than that of any mall store,
Brentano's included; you can find, for instance, MAUS,
other fine and funky books in the cozy, wooden shelves of this
eminently mom-and-pop establishment. ... [But] don't go for coffee
to Paul's. Go right down the block to Cafe Chaos, first side street
on your right. It is beyond words, and if you don't go have some of
their astragulus tea right now, they may go out of business, and a
bit of bizarreness will have disappeared from St. Louis life."
Star Clipper (8100 block of Delmar in University City). A wonderful store
for SF, and even the comics interest me, not a hardcore comics
reader. Notable for carrying books of SF criticism, like Larry
McAffery's FICTION 2000. Plus, they carry odd, obscure, and
interesting periodicals. Friendly place full of brain goodies.
New releases are 15% off cover price. All other books purchased
at regular price can be recorded on a customer file. After 12 books
the next one is essentially free. They are somewhat slow on special
"I haven't been to St. Louis in a number of years, but a highlight of
my graduate student years was the yearly Famous Bar Booksale. A local
charity each year would set up a huge tent in the parking lot of the
Clayton Famous Bar store. Under the tent would be books, books, and
more books. All used at very reasonable prices. The first day you
had to pay for admission. After that, admission was free. In
addition, they were constantly replenishing the tables so there was
not a big advantage of going the first day, and you could find new
things every time you went. A wide variety of topics were available.
I know this isn't a bookstore, but it was a wonderful event."
Subject: New Orleans LA
B. Dalton (Canal). A good chain store, very large.
Beaucoup Books (Magazine near Jefferson). An okay small independent.
Bookstar (Jax Brewery). The best bookstore in town, though it lacks the
personal touch of Maple Street and the other independents.
"It was, alas, the only place I found that had a decent new title
DeVille Books (Shell Square). An okay small independent.
Faulkner Books (Pirate's Alley). A newish second-hand bookstore, small but
thoughtfully stocked, in a building where Faulker supposedly lived.
Little Professor (S Carrollton).
Maple Street Bookstore. One of the best of a mediocre bunch on Maple
There are some interesting second-hand and specialty book stores, mostly in
the Vieux Carre. Beckhams, Crescent City, George Herget, and Librairie (all
except Herget in the Vieux Carre) are among the larger and better used book
places. There are also used paperback stores on Metairie Road, Airline Hwy,
W Esplanade in Kenner, and a couple on the West Bank.
"New Orleans is a city of eaters, drinkers, partyers, and dreamers, not
readers! I would venture to guess--and I'm a former New Orleanian and still
a property owner there--that New Orleans has fewer bookstores per capita
than any other city in the Western world."
Subject: Dallas/Ft. Worth TX
Barnes & Noble (Preston and Beltline). Another B&N superstore. Newest of
the four superstores (the others are Bookstop, Borders, and
Taylor's). "Raised my purist hackles by shelving in one section
authors like Danielle Steele with authors like Anais Nin."
Big D Books (1516 Centerville Rd). "*Classic* used book store. It looks
like a condemned building, and the inside is a maze of shelves.
Almost no space to walk between the shelves. There are a lot of
books, especially SF, and the owner is very knowledgeable! This is
my idea of the *best used bookstore* in Dallas."
Bookstop (5400 E Mockingbird E of Central; 820 Preston at Forest;
Plano Parkway & Central, Plano; I-35E at 3040 in a strip mall area;
others). 20% off for members, and the stores are large. The have
5+ stores in Dallas (and suburbs) and are expanding. Not quite as
good a selection as Taylor;s, and the clerks range from good to
(usually) illiterate. They have a habit of removing books from the
shelves if they don't sell, so if you see it, it's risky to wait.
Mediocre compated to the other superstores in Dallas. Still, there
are lots of books, and the price is good.
Borders Books (Preston and Royal Lane). New in Dallas. Very good, fairly
eclectic selection, attached CD store, and espresso bar. It has
(some) chairs to browse in and better staff than the Bookstops.
Constellation. New Age books, and courses.
Half-Price Books (main store: 5915 E Northwest Hwy at Shadybrook). The
biggest chain of used and discounted books in Texas. "I find their
selection of fiction sadly lacking (especially SF). For SF go to
Big D Books!" But another person says, "My favorite bookstore. I
love surprises and you never know what amazing things might turn up
Lone Star Comics Books and Games (11661 Preston; 1900 Preston Rd at Park,
Plano; others). "This is, sadly, the best SF store in the area.
The owner has a tendency towards (1) censorship, (2) firing
managers once they are have built up clients and experience (and
hence are paid more), and changing the stock towards toys,
children's playthings, and bubble-gum cards, and (3) returning
books as soon as they fail to sell. There is much less space for
SF books, and only GP-rated mainstream comics now. Still, where
else can you go?"
Mary Anne's Books (2918F Jupiter inside a flea market). In a flea market
and only open Thursday-Sunday. *Good* selection of books in all
categories, including collector's items and first editions. Old
magazines and comics in the back.
Taylors (5455 Belt Line, Addison; 1001 North Central, Plano; others). The
main store (in Addison) is the best bookstore in the area (now
challenged by Borders). Its upstairs is all technical books, and
has the best selection around (it's not Computer Literacy, but its
not far behind). It still has the broadest selection of books
around. Also, it's local and highlights that fact, scheduling
appearances of many interesting (and some not-so interesting)
writers. The other stores are a little smaller, but good.
[Much of this part contributed by John R. Mellby (]
Subject: Houston TX
Alabama Bookstop (2922 S Shepherd at Alabama, 713-529-2345). A large
branch of a growing discount chain. Located in what used to be an
old movie palace, it's a fairly good general bookstore, particularly
popular non-fiction. Fiction genres (especially SF and mystery) can
be mediocre. One poster says, "Elegant high-inventory store--
well-organized and split into many categories, big science and
computer section, broad selection of periodicals, excellent section
on lesbian/gay/bisexual culture, good in religion/mythology/history/
sociology, good all round. Especially handy for picking up guide
books for Houston and for traveling in Texas. I was a fan of the
'Rocky Horror Picture Show' at the Alabama Theatre, and went to all
the anniversiary parties of the midnight showings, not to mention
seeing such classics as ALIEN there on first release, so I was
crushed when I heard they were converting it into a bookstore. But
... they did a super job. All they took out was the seats; they
kept the entire architecture of the theatre intact, and in fact,
have maintained it much better than the theatre owners did. Lovely
carpeting, murals, high ceiling (of course!), stairways, etc. You
purchase your books at what used to be the concession stand. It
works. If Brazos Books is the classy literati version of Houston
book culture, the Bookstop in the Alabama Theatre is pure Texan
bravado: bigger than life, better than it needs to be, and hugely
satisfying." Recently (01/93) completed an expansion renovation;
has since (05/93) undergone yet more renovation. There is now more
room for customers to move about without tripping over one another.
Presumably this is at the expense of shelf space, but it's hard to
tell since everything's been moved around. In any event, the
SF collection still lacks. They've also gone somewhat upscale and
added an espresso bar in the balcony. Open til midnight.
All Books (2126 Richmond at Greenbriar, 713-522-6722). Used bookstore, all
hardback. Small, so not a great place for just browsing the
shelves. Decent natural science selection.
Allen-Maxwell Books (18091 Upper Bay Rd, 713-333-2157). This shop is right
across the street from the Johnson Space Center, and specializes in
science and space. If you're looking for a volume on the US,
USSR/Russian, Chinese or European space programs, this is the place
to go. Many books by current and former astronauts. "Also, because
of the concentration on space, they have many hard-to-find books in
other areas that just don't sell. I picked up a first edition of
THE ART OF PATRICK NAGEL there a year after it came out."
Book Collector (2347 University Blvd at Morningside, 713-661-2665). Not
checked out yet, but from the outside it appears to be in the nature
of Detering or Brazos, with a Brit-lit orientation.
Booked Up (711 Studewood at E 7th, 713-868-3910). Used bookstore with good
liberal arts selection, Texana & Americana, art & architecture.
Books International (2015-F W Gray at Shepherd, 713-523-5330). French,
Spanish, German books.
Bookstop, Meyer Park (West Bellfort and S Post Oak). Terribly generic, but
only a couple hundred yards away from the Meyer Park 14-plex movie
Bookstop, Sharpstown (7555 Bellaire Blvd at SW Fwy [US 59], 713-270-0042).
A smaller branch of the chain. Same sort of selection but the
SF section is somewhat better.
Book-tronics (5370 Westheimer, between Sage and Chimney Rock, 713-626-4000).
"They advertise themselves as 'the bookstore of the future.' They
have virtually no books on paper; what they have (and they have a
lot of) are two floors of books on tape and a floor of CD-Roms.
Most of their titles, both the books on tape and the CD-Roms, are
available to either buy, or rent for a fee a little higher than
the average movie rental. Their selection of CD-Roms matches or
beats most computer stores, and they have the most books on tape
that I've ever seen in one place. It's new. I don't remember the
Brazos Bookstore (2421 Bissonnet at Morningside, 713-523-0701). Eclectic,
but known as a literary place, with readings. "The Brazos Bookstore
is *the* bookstore in Houston for the hip crowd, the literati, the
artsy people from Montrose, etc. Philip Lopate used to hang out
there, and I think he even mentions the place in one of his essays.
It's small, attractive, unassuming, and quietly excellent.
Especially in the areas of new and avant-garde fiction and
non-fiction, lit crit, poetry, and art. I bought a Man Ray T-shirt
there once: the famous photo with dewdrops on eyelashes. It's the
only T-shirt I ever saw them sell. A class act, all 'round. This
store is very much a *Houston* store. It epitomizes the
cosmopolitan, New-York-without-the-hassles feeling of the city."
Brentanos, Galleria (Galleria mall, 713-961-1091). West end of *the*
Houston mall (not on the central courts but sort out of the way).
Probably has a 10% discount membership program (the Sheperd Square
store has one).
Brentanos, Shepherd Square (S Shepherd at Westheimer, 713-523-0411). A
large, generic bookstore but much more pleasant than most, as
armchairs and a coffee machine are to be found. Good children's and
history sections. Now has a 10% discount membership program.
Brown Book Shop (1517 San Jacinto at Bell, 713-652-3937). Good for science
and technical stuff.
Detering Book Gallery (2311 Bissonnet at Greenbriar, 713-526-6974). A used
bookstore, but for literary and rare stuff.
Future Visions (10570 Northwest Freeway, a.k.a. US-290 at Mangum,
713-682-4212). Relatively speaking, the Houston source for SF and
horror, but given the level of competition, this doesn't mean as
much as it does in other cities. Due to financial troubles c. 1990,
the selection has been broadened to include techno-thrillers and the
ilk. Author signings every month or so. "Difficult to comment as
the ownership changed recently, though it appeared the used book
section was expanding. Discount consists of a card punched for
every $5 you spend; after ten punches, you get $5 off a purchase.
Infrequent newsletter." Another poster says, "They do get the new
SF and fantasy, but for general shelf lurking, it's probably not
worth the drive (a non-trivial detail in Houston) unless you live in
NW Houston."
Gamage's (Bissonnet, next door to Murder by the Book). Used bookstore with
varied collection; a surprising number of SF paperbacks given that
the rest of store seems to consist mostly of arty hardbacks.
Advertises that they will do searches, but charges a small fee.
Half-Price Books (University at Kirby). A large branch of the used
bookstore chain. Pretty good Texana section.
Half-Price Books (Waugh at Hyde Park). A moderate-sized branch.
Inklings (1846 Richmond at Hazard, 713-521-3369). Women's fiction; gay,
lesbian, and bisexual; non-sexist and multicultural texts.
Lucia's Garden (2942 Virginia, 713-523-6494). Specializes in mythology,
psychology, gender studies, herb lore and gardening.
Majors Scientific Books (6640 S Main at Dryden, 1-800-221-9697). Good for
computer books and science texts, *especially* medical tomes.
Munchkin's Mablies (2530 Times at Kirby, 713-522-3911). Children's books
Murder By the Book (2342 Bissonnet at Morningside, 713-524-8597). The
Houston source for mysteries, especially new stuff. Author signings
almost every week.
Museum of Fine Arts (1001 Bissonnet at S Main, 713-639-7365). Lots and lots
of art-related books.
Nan's Games (2011 SW Fwy at S Shepherd, 713-520-8700). A game and comic
shop, but it has a rack of new SF, though heavily infested with
official D&D pablum.
Rice Campus Store (Rice Campus, S Main at Sunset, 713-527-4052). Avoid
unless looking for something written by a Rice faculty member.
Textbooks are expensive and there's not much else.
River Oaks Bookstore (1987 W Gray at McDuffie, 713-520-0061). Generic but
good place to hang out while waiting for a movie at the River Oaks
Spectrum Bookstore (5868 Westheimer at Augusta, 713-789-2269). A generic
bookstore, but a good place to hang out while you wait for a movie
to start at the THX-equipped theater next door.
Stop Look & Learn (2415 Robin Hood at Morningside, 713-528-6508).
Children's books.
Texas Art Supply (2001 Montrose at Welch, 713-526-5221). Art-related books.
Third Planet (2718 SW Freeway near Kirby, the ugly blue building next to the
Holiday Inn, 713-528-1067). A comic and game shop, but they do
maintain a very large rack of new and old SF books. The new
location on the freeway makes them more accessible to those
traveling from elsewhere in Houston, but has displaced them from the
Bissonnet-Rice Village bookstore circuit. Discounts available only
to comic subscribers.
U. S. Government Bookstore (Texas Crude Building, 801 Travis Street, Suite
120, 713-228-1187). "Did you know that the U. S. Government
Printing Office operates 24 bookstores across the country? ...and
that they have some of the most >ahem< unusual and interesting
things you'll find anywhere?"
University of Houston Cougar Bookstore (UH campus). A large campus
bookstore, usually cheaper than the Rice store.
Univeristy of St. Thomas Bookstore (UST campus). Reputedly good for
University of Texas Health Science Center Books (6431 Fannin at University,
713-794-1207). Medical and health books.
Robert B. Schmunk,, says:
For libro-philiacs with an afternoon to spare in Houston, your best bet is
to head for the corner of Bissonnet and Morningside and park your car.
Within a block or so you can find the Brazos Book Store, the Detering Book
Gallery, Gamage's, and Murder By the Book. Should you feel that you've
exhausted the possibilities in this area, a quick jaunt about six blocks
south to the Rice Village will take you to the Book Collector and a large
Half-Price Books. (Those of you with kids may want to look into Stop Look
& Learn or Munchkin's Mablies along the way.) If there's any time still
left in the day, you can then consider going one of the following
A) head north up Shepherd to hit the Bookstop or Brentanos, perhaps
finishing up at the River Oaks Bookstore or the Waugh Half-Price before you
catch a movie at either the River Oaks Theater or the Cineplex River Oaks
B) do a little time on the freeway (this is Houston after all) to the
Galleria, where you can find a Brentano's, plus the fairly close-by Spectrum
Books. Then rest at either the Galleria movie theaters or the Cineplex
Spectrum (I recommend the latter).
C) the SF-inclined will want to head way northwest to Future Visions,
perhaps stopping at Third Planet on the way. Be warned, though, that their
collections don't measure up to SF bookstores in other cities.
Subject: Austin TX
Book People (4006 S Lamar, 512-441-9757). A large New Age book store,
claiming to stock 50,000 titles. Specializes in holistic health,
"metaphysics," philosophy, psychology, and related areas. Worth
checking for those interested in philosophy or psychology, even if
you are not interested in new age writings.
Book Woman (324 E 6th, 512-472-2785). Specializes in women's issues and
feminist writings.
Bookstop (9070 Research: 512-451-5798: 5400 Brodie, 512-892-1580; 6406 N I-H
35, 512-453-7297; 9828 Great Hills, 512-346-3411, Central Market at
28th and N Lamar). A well-stocked general bookstore with five
branches in Austin. All books are discounted 10% for all clients;
with a $9 membership, you will receive a 40% discount on
best-sellers, and 20% on all other books -- including special
orders. The intelligence and usefulness of the staff varies widely;
some employees know next to nothing. "In my experience, special
orders come very quickly (one week)." The larger stores are the
ones on Brodie and Great Hills, and someone reports that the new
store in the Central Market has the "best collection of general
fiction/literature of all the Bookstop locations, which seems to
make it the best in town."
BR News (3204 Guadalupe, 512-454-9110). A newstand worth mentioning because
it is the best source for out-of-town newspapers (also see Europa
Books for foreign papers).
Europa Books (2406 Guadalupe, 512-476-0423, FAX: 512-479-0912). Probably
the best-stocked foreign language bookstore in the southwest. Has
especially good collections of German and French books. Also
specializes in modern fiction and critical studies in English and
other languages. Good collections of literature and modern
philosophy. Has foreign-language magazines and newspapers.
Garner & Smith (1109 Nueces, 512-477-9725). A comfortable, old-fashioned
book store epcializing in literature and fiction.
Half Price Books (3110 Guadalupe, 512-451-4463; 2929 S Lamar, 512-443-3138;
8868 Research, 512-454-3664). The best used book store in town, but
only by default. The Guadalupe store is large, with a rather high
turnover rate. Sometimes one can find an armful of bargains; at
other times, there seems to be little more than undesirable titles.
The staff will not search for titles, so if you're looking for
something, you must stop in and hope to find it.
Jung Society Bookstore (5555 N Lamar, Suite H-106, 512-458-1108).
Mysteries and More (11139 N IH35, 512-837-6768). Specializes in mysteries
and some miscellaneous.
Toad Hall Children's Bookstore (1206 W 38th, 512-323-2665). A very nice
children's bookstore.
University Co-op (2246 Guadalupe, 512-476-7211). A well-stocked college
bookstore, with good collections in most scholarly areas.
Especially good collection of scientific and computer titles, and
the only substantial collection in town for most liberal arts and
sciences subjects.
Whole Earth Provision Co. (2410 San Antonio, 512-478-1577; 4006 S Lamar
Blvd, 512-444-9974). Primarily an outdoor sporting goods store, but
has the best selection of books on outdoor sports and environmental
issues. Look here for trail guides, field guides, books on the
environment and natural history, and topographical maps.
[Much of this part contributed by Chris Chapman
Subject: San Antonio TX
Dungeon Books (3700 Fredricksburg Rd, Suite 108, and 4936 Windsor Hill,
800-666-3323: accepts telephone orders. SF specialty store, also
comics and games.
Subject: Boulder CO
Abbey Road (1734 Pearl St, three bocks east of the Pearl Street pedestrian
mall). Used. Medium- to high-quality material. Art/interior
design, philosophy, science, nature, novels, CDs, technology. Nice
owner. Will bargain. No new arrival shelf. Penny Lane is the
coffeehouse at 1783 Pearl.
Aion Bookshop (1235 Pennsylvania Ave, 303-443-5763). Used. Large
house/storefront at the bottom of "the hill" by CU. Main level is
primary quality hardbacks: art and architecture, textbooks,
technical, classics, philosophy, poetry, history. Basement is
primarily paperbacks: SF/military/aviation/autos/business. Recent
arrival shelf. They will bargain on some books.
"Nice folks, one of my favorites for higher quality books." Open
Mon-Sat 10AM-7PM, Sun 12N-6PM.
Acoma Books (2488 Baseline Rd, Boulder CO 303-494-3309) Used. Tucked in
the Base-Mar Mall near the corner of Baseline and Broadway.
Primarily high-quality hard and softbacks: art and architecture,
lots of technical, classics, philosophy, poetry, history. Recent
arrival shelf. They won't bargain much. Nice little store run by
old Aion partner. Coffeehouse nearby.
Art Source International (1237 Pearl St., 303-444-4080). Antique maps &
prints, Americana & geology. Open Mon-Fri 8AM-6PM,
Sat-Sun 11AM-5PM.
Beat Book Shop (1713 Pearl St, three bocks east of the Pearl Street
pedestrian mall, 303-444-7111). Beat Subculture. The title sez it
Book Lode (3060 15th, 303-443-0714). By appointment and mail order. Call
for catalog. Technical & historical books & publications on
geology, mining, milling & mining history on all western states,
Alaska, Canada, international, & eastern United States.
Bookworm (2850 Iris, Diagonal Plaza Mall, SE corner of 28th and Iris,
303-449-3765). Very used. Large selection of mostly low-quality
paperbacks. No new arrival shelf.
The Boulder Bookstore (1107 Pearl St, at the very west end of the Pearl
Street pedestrian mall, 303-447-2074). New. A Tattered Cover
wanna-be (see Denver) with a nice coffee shop attached. Wide
selection of all types. Nice place with chairs to sit and read if
you want.
Far Western Frontiers (700 Northstar Ct, 303-444-1040). Orders by mail or
telephone exclusively. Catalogues issued. Discovery and
exploration of the Americas (1492-1860); early Colorado history, the
American West and Southwest, Mexico and the Caribbean.
English and Spanish voyages. First editions.
Red Letter Books (1737 Pearl St, three bocks east of the Pearl Street
pedestrian mall, 303-938-1778). Used/very used. Large, but
somewhat dated, medium-quality, selection. Will bargain prices
down. New arrival shelf tends to be good.
Rue Morgue Mystery Bookshop (946 Pearl, 303-443-8346, 800-356-5586).
Used/new. The title sez it all. Next to The Trident. Open
Mon-Thu 10AM-5:30PM, Fri 10AM-8PM, Sat 10AM-5:30PM, Sun 12N-5PM.
Stage House Books (1039 Pearl St, half-block west of the Pearl Street
pedestrian mall downtown, 303-447-1433). Used/very used. Main
level is primary prints and hardbacks. Upper level is primarily
trade paperbacks. No recent arrival shelf. This is the oldest of
Boulder's used book stores. Large, but somewhat stale selection.
Will bargain prices down. Near the Trident Cafe.
The Trident (940 Pearl St, one block west of the Pearl Street pedestrian
mall downtown, 303-443-3133). Used/discounted new. Attached to the
Trident Cafe, a local writer hangout. It's a nice place to browse
and drink capuccino. New arrival shelf.
Trails West (1032 S. Boulder Rd., Louisville, 303-666-7107). New, used and
out-of-print Western Americana, exploration, fur trade, Indians,
military, overland travel, mining, ranching, outlaws, railroading,
settlers, women, and local and regional histories. Catalogs issued
and mail orders welcomed. Open Mon-Fri 10AM-6PM, Sat 10AM-4PM.
[Much of this part contributed by Glen Cox (write@lamar.ColoState.EDU), who
credits a pamphlet entitled "1993 Colorado Statewide Guide to Used, Rare and
Out-of-Print Bookstores" published by the Colorado Antiquarian Booksellers
Subject: Colorado Springs CO
Aamstar Books (333 N Tejon, 719-520-0696). Literature, fiction,
non-fiction, poetry, Western Americana, Colorado authors, children's
books, illustrated, leather &andfine sets, railroad, maps and
prints. Professional book search service. Open Mon 12N-6PM,
Tue-Sat 10AM-6PM, Sun 10AM-2PM.
Allbooks Antiquarian Books (1331 Imperial Rd, 719-548-1273). General
antiquarian, science and technology, China, Lin Yutang, SF. By
appointment only.
Henry A. Clausen Bookshop (224 1/2 N Tejon, 719-634-1193). General old,
rare and out-of-print; appraisals. Open Mon-Sat 10AM-4PM.
Hooked On Books (3918 Maizeland Rd, 719-596-1621). Literature, western
Americana, children's books, large selection of used and
out-of-print books in all subjects. Open Mon-Thu, Sat 10AM-6PM,
Fri 10AM-9PM.
Judith A. Slason, Bookseller (524 Pleasant, 719-520-1486). Old, rare, and
out-of-print books. By appointment only.
Our Books (2224 N Wahsatch, 719-633-7484). General, Americana, first
edition fiction, broad non-fiction, art, religion, technical,
reference, military bios, medical, health. Open Mon 12N-4PM,
Tue-Fri 10:30AM-5:30PM, Sat 10AM-3PM.
Northwind Books (6025 Northwind Dr, 719-594-0619). Natural history
(illustrated and scholarly), sporting (field, hunting & fishing).
Appraisal service. By appointment only.
Spirit Dancer Gallery (19 N Tejon, Ste. 208, 719-473-4827). Incunabula,
fine press books, fine bindings, natural history, illustrated books,
rare books. Open Mon-Fri 10AM-5:30PM.
[Much of this part contributed by Glen Cox (write@lamar.ColoState.EDU), who
credits a pamphlet entitled "1993 Colorado Statewide Guide to Used, Rare and
Out-of-Print Bookstores" published by the Colorado Antiquarian Booksellers
Subject: Denver CO
All About Books (3737 East Colfax at Jackson, 303-399-4673 and
303-320-5891). Four floors of fine used books: Art, architecture,
photography, history, Americana, hunting, fishing, sports, science
and technology, first editions and reading copies of literature and
genre fiction. Open Mon-Sat 10AM-6PM.
Astoria Books and Prints (1420 18th, 303-292-4122). Art books,
architecture, design, photography, modern 1st editions, paintings,
prints and other original art. Open Mon-Sat 12N-5PM or by
Bonaventura Books (P.O. Box 2709, Evergreen, 303-674-4830). Western
Americana, out-of-print, used and new; Trails: Lewis & Clark,
Oregon/California, Bozeman, Santa Fe; Women and the West, Fur Trade,
Military, Mormons, Southwest, Indians. By appointment.
Bonnie Brae Books & Prints (753 S University, 303-744-8763). Used
out-of-print books in all fields. Open Tue-Thu 11AM-7PM,
Fri-Sat 11AM-9PM, Sun 12N-5PM.
Book Forum (709 East 6th Ave, 303-837-9069). Quality used books. Open
Mon-Sat 12N-5PM, Wed 12N-6:30PM.
The Book Garden (2625 E 12th Ave, 303-399-2004). A women's gift and
bookstore. "The owners have worked really hard to provide women
with books we can't find anywhere else. It's small, but has a
great, friendly atmosphere." Open Mon-Sat 9AM-6PM.
Bookhouse Book Search (P.O. Box 226, Littleton, 303-794-6084). Special
order new and search for out-of-print books. Collectible children's
books may be seen by appointment.
Books Unlimited (2070 S University, 303-744-7180). Fine used books. Open
Mon-Sat 10AM-6PM, Sun 11AM-6PM.
Capitol Hill Books (300 E Colfax Ave, 303-837-0700, across the street (east)
of the Capitol building). New, used and rare. Medium-quality,
large selection. In medium-bad section of town. Recent arrival
shelf. Won't bargain much. Open Mon-Sat 10AM-6PM, Sun 11AM-6PM.
Chessler Books (26030 Highway 74, Kittredge, 303-670-0093 [in Co.],
303-674-2860 [fax], 800-654-8502 [out of state]). Mountaineering,
exploration, guidebooks, maps, travel, videos, Arctic, Antarctic,
Tibet. Used, new, and rare books and maps. Open Mon-Sat 9AM-5PM,
and by appointment.
Colorado Pioneer Books (4755 S Broadway, Englewood, 303-789-0379).
Specializing in Western Americana. Open Tue-Fri 10AM-5PM,
Sat 10AM-4PM.
Culpin's (Antiquarian) Bookshop (3827 W 32nd Ave, 303-455-0317). Colorado,
Western Americana, children's and illustrated, military, guns and
sporting, modern firsts, Americana, Civil War, railroads,
mountaineering, bindings, geology and mining, maps and prints.
Search service, appraisals. Open Mon-Fri 8AM-7PM, Sat 9AM-4PM.
Fahrenheit's Books (38 Broadway, 303-744-1043). Occult, metaphysics,
philosophy, art, plus general stock. Searches, appraisals. Open
Mon 11AM-3PM, Tue-Sat 10:30AM-5:30PM, Sun 12N-3PM.
The Hermitage (290 Fillmore, 303-388-6811). Used. Good collection of
Western Americana. Also first edition literature all periods,
military history, art and illustrated travel, books on books and
fine printing. It's just a few blocks from Tattered Cover, and
worth stopping by on a trip to the latter. Open Mon-Wed,
Fri 10AM-5:30PM, Thu 10AM-8PM, Sat 10AM-5PM, Sun 11AM-4PM.
Hue-Man Books. Black and African history and issues.
Kugelman & Bent (5924 E Colfax Ave, 303-333-1269). Mysteries, modern
literature, fine used books in all subjects. Open Mon-Sat 10AM-6PM,
Sun 10AM-4PM.
Linda M. Lebsack Books (1228 E Colfax Ave, 303-832-7190). Colorado and the
West, American art and artists, railroading. Issues catalogues.
Open Mon-Tue, Thu-Fri 11AM-5PM, Sat 11AM-2PM, and by appointment.
Little Bookshop of Horrors (10380 Ralston Road, Arvada, 303-425-1975).
SF, fantasy, horror, and suspense. Has readings, panels, etc.
Mon-Sat 10AM-6PM.
Mad Dog and the Pilgrim Bookshop (5926 E Colfax Ave, 303-329-8011). Fine
out-of-print, used, and antiquarian books with an emphasis in
biography, fiction, military history, and odd topics. International
booksearch. Open Tue-Sat 11AM-5PM or by appointment.
Murder by the Book (1574 S Pearl, 303-871-9401). Mystery fiction,
Holmesiana, mystery games, other mystery related items. Open
Tue-Fri 11AM-6PM, Sat 10AM-5PM.
Old Algonquin Bookstore (5900 E Colfax, 303-388-2224). Literature, history,
Americana, general books and collectibles, in fine condition only.
Appraisals. Open Mon-Sat 10AM-5PM, Sun 10AM-4PM.
The Old Map Gallery (1746 Blake, 303-296-7725). Antique maps--specializing
in important early maps of the western U.S. and early maps of the
world. Open Mon-Fri 11AM-5:30PM, Sat 10AM-2PM.
Paris on the Platte (?) (between I-25 and Union Pacific rail yards).
Used. Medium-high-quality selection attached to a bohemian cafe.
Recent arrival shelf. Will bargain some.
The Tattered Cover (2955 East First Avenue, Denver CO 80206, [mail address
is Tattered Cover Bookstore, 1536 Wynkoop, Denver CO 80202],
FAX +1 303-399-2279, [for individual
ordering], [for corporate ordering]).
Huge--4 floors. Over 400,000 books in stock. Considered to be
the best independent bookstore in the U.S. Also does mail order to
anywhere. Free giftwrapping. Hours: 9:30AM - 9PM M-Sat;
10AM-6PM Sun.
U. S. Government Bookstore (Room 117, Federal Building, 1961 Stout Street,
303-844-3964). "Did you know that the U. S. Government Printing
Office operates 24 bookstores across the country? ...and that they
have some of the most >ahem< unusual and interesting things you'll
find anywhere?"
Willow Creek Books (8100 S Akron, Ste. 310, Englewood, 303-790-7530).
Modern literature (fiction, poetry, proofs, belles lettres), Western
Americana, children's books, illustrated, signed and signed/limited
editions, biography, natural history, art, photography. Search
service, appraisals. Open Mon-Fri 11:30AM-6PM, Sat 10AM-6PM,
Sun 12N-5PM, and by appointment.
[Much of this part contributed by Glen Cox (write@lamar.ColoState.EDU), who
credits a pamphlet entitled "1993 Colorado Statewide Guide to Used, Rare and
Out-of-Print Bookstores" published by the Colorado Antiquarian Booksellers
Subject: CO (other)
The Bookcase (601 E Second Ave, Durango, 303-247-3776). Western Americana
and general history, new local interest maps and books, general
stock of quality used and out-of-print books. Open Mon-Sat
9:30AM-5:30PM (evenings in summer).
Bookworm Bookstore (211 N Main, Gunnison, 303-641-3693). New, rare,
out-of-print Western Americana and natural history. Open Mon-Sat
Dean W. Hand - Books (P.O. Box 628, Sterling, 303-522-5915). Books and
pamphlets on Colorado and the Trans-Mississippi West. By
appointment only.
Glenwood Used Books (720 Grand Ave, Glenwood Springs, 303-945-2966).
Literature and poetry, Americana, SF, earth studies, quality used
and rare books in all categories. Open Mon-Sat 10AM-6PM, Sun
Jim Rooney - Books (1717 Colorado Ave, Canon City, 719-275-3915). Books on
guns, hunting and western Americana; book search in those areas. By
mail order only.
Millet & Simpson, Booksellers (224 S Union Ave, Pueblo, 719-542-4462).
Western Americana, art, music, literature, prints, ephemera, general
stock. Free search service, restoration. Open Mon-Fri 10AM-5PM,
Sat 11AM-5PM.
The Old Corner Book Shop (216 Linden, Fort Collins, 303-484-6186). Used
(mostly very, although some quality stuff). Western Americana,
children's books, classics, art books, mysteries, SF. Open Mon-Sat
[Much of this part contributed by Glen Cox (write@lamar.ColoState.EDU), who
credits a pamphlet entitled "1993 Colorado Statewide Guide to Used, Rare and
Out-of-Print Bookstores" published by the Colorado Antiquarian Booksellers
Subject: Santa Fe NM
Alive Books (1274 Calle de Commercio, 505-473-9814).
Alla Spanish Language Books & Records (102 W San Francisco, 505-988-5416).
The Ark (133 Romero, 505-988-3709). Psychology, spirituality, health,
astrology, ecology. Mon-Fri 9:30-7, Sat 10-6, Sun 11-5.
Aztec Street Book Shop (310 Aztec, 505-983-3259). Used and rare books, book
Blue Moon Books & Vintage Video (329 Garfield at Guadalupe, 505-982-3035).
Used. Metaphysical, philosophy, women's studies, audio and video
Book Mountain Used Paperback Exchange (2101 Cerrillos Rd, 505-471-2625).
Paperbacks, hardbacks, new Southwest, comics, newspapers. Mon 12-6,
Tue-Fri 11-8, Sat 9-6, Sun 10-4.
The Bookroom (616 Canyon Rd, 505-988-5323). Literature, poetry, literary
magazines, coffee bar.
Books & More Books (1341 Cerrillos Rd, 505-983-5438). Used. General stock,
art, crafts, literature, poetry, Southwest. Mon-Fri 10-6, Sat 11-5.
Books West (Coronado Shopping Center (Cordova at St. Francis),
505-982-9371). General stock, Southwest, mystery, SF, magazines,
maps. Mon-Sat 9-9, Sun 11-6.
Bruce's Comics (College Plaza South on Cerrillos Rd, 505-474-0494).
Caxton Books & Music (216 W San Francisco, 505-982-8911). General stock,
CDs and cassette tapes, maps. Open 7 days.
Classic Additions (430 W Manhattan, 505-983-2222). Used.
The Collected Works Books Shop (208B W San Francisco, 505-988-4226).
General stock, Southwest, history, travel, art. Open 7 days.
College of Santa Fe Bookstore (College of Santa Fe, 505-473-0812).
Curiouser & Curiouser Children's Old Books (102 W San Francisco,
Downtown Subscription (376 Garcia, 505-983-3085). Magazines, newspapers,
coffee bar.
La Fonda Newsstand (La Fonda Hotel, 505-988-1404). Southwest, newspapers,
magazines. Daily 7-9.
Footsteps Across New Mexico (211 Old Santa Fe Trail, 505-982-9297).
Garcia Street Books (376 Garcia, 505-986-0151). General stock.
Great Southwest Books (960 Camino Santander, 505-983-1680). Used Southwest
literature. By appointment.
Horizons (328 S Guadalupe, 505-983-1554). Natural history, science, travel,
Margolis & Moss (129 W San Francisco, 505-982-1028). Rare books, prints,
Nicholas Potter, Bookseller (203 E Palace Ave., 505-983-5434). General
stock used and rare, classical and jazz LPs. Mon-Sat 10-5.
The Observatory (229 E Marcy, 505-986-1758). Used. General stock, Alaska,
Arctic. Mon-Sat 1-5.
Old Santa Fe Trail Books (613 Old Santa Fe Trail, 505-988-8878). General
stock, newspapers, magazines, coffee bar. Daily 7:30-10.
Palace Ave. Books (209 E Palace Ave, 505-986-0536). General stock new and
used, Southwest.
Parker Books of the West (142 W Palace Ave., 505-988-1076). New, used and
rare Southwest, West. Mon-Sat 10-5:30.
Photo-Eye (376 Garcia, 505-988-5152). Out-of-print books and exhibition
catalogs on photography.
The Q-Rosity Shop (418 Cerrillos Rd, 505-984-9971). Used.
Reader's Harvest Books (St. Michael's Village West, 1610 St. Michael's Dr,
505-438-0574). General stock, new, used and collectible. Mon-Sat
St. John's College Book Store (1160 Camino de Cruz Blanca, 505-982-3691
ext. 223). General stock, classics, academic. Mon-Fri 9-4.
Santa Fe Bookseller (203 W San Francisco, 505-983-5278). New and used art,
Southwest. Mon-Sat 9:30-5:30.
Santa Fe House of Books (P. O. Box 503, 505-473-5161). Southwest.
Surrounding area (see also Albuquerque NM):
The Bookcase (2530 San Juan Blvd, Farmington, 505-327-4647). Used
paperbacks. Mon-Sat 9-5:30.
Books Etc. (S Santa Fe Rd, Taos, 505-758-0447).
Bookworm Paperback Exchange (602 N White Sands Blvd, Alamogordo,
G. Robinson Old Prints and Maps (124 Bent, Taos, 505-758-2278).
La Galeria de los Artesanos Books (220 N Plaza, Las Vegas (NM),
505-425-8331). New and used western Americana.
Iddy Biddy Viddy (1910 N Dustin Ave, Farmington, 505-326-0880). Used.
McBook Exchange (3459 Hwy 47, Los Lunas, 505-866-0234). Used.
Ojo de Dios Book Store (Mari-mac Village, 755 Central Ave, Los Alamos,
505-662-9589). General stock, technical, Southwest, children.
Daily 9-7, Th 9-8, Sat 9-5, Sun 12-4.
R Books (1715 Iris St at 15th & Central, Los Alamos, 505-662-7257). General
stock, technical, SF, magazines, newspapers. Open 7 days, seasonal
Taos Book Shop (122-D Kit Carson Rd, Taos, 505-758-3733). General stock,
new and used Southwest. Daily.
Ten Directions Books (228-C Paseo Del Pueblo Norte, Taos, 505-758-2725).
Wally's Paperback Book Exchange (Granada Shopping Center, Alamogordo,
"Best of Santa Fe: For new and used Southwest titles try Palace Avenue
Books and Parker Books of the West. Nicholas Potter for general used
books and records. Book Mountain for paperbacks. For new titles try
Los Llanos Bookstore, Collected Works, and Books West. Old Santa Fe
Trail Books to browse new titles and drink coffee."
[Much of this part contributed by Mark Martinez (]
Subject: Albuquerque NM
Addicted to Comics & Hobbies (2935 Monte Vista Blvd. NE, 505-255-3234).
Comics. Mon-Sat 10:30-7.
Alameda Book Exchange (1111 Alameda Blvd. NW, 505-898-1298). Used
paperbacks, discounted new paperbacks. Tu-Sat 10-5.
Albuquerque Collectors World (2740-5 Wyoming NE, 505-293-2486). Comics.
Mon-Th 11-7, Fri 11-5, Sun 11-5.
Another Book Store - Pyro's (3023 Central NE, 505-255-3757). Used. General
stock, juggling and magic supplies. Tu-Fri 12-5:30, Sat 12-4.
Antique Specialty Mall (4516 Central SE, 505-268-8080 or 265505--4077).
Used. Several vendors sell books. Mon-Sat 10-6, Sun 12-5.
Arcadia Books (301 San Pedro NE, 505-256-9274). Used. General stock,
psychology. Mon-Sat 10:30-4:30.
Best Price Books (1800 Central SE, 505-842-0624). Used. General stock,
textbooks, magazines. Mon-Sat 10-9, Sun 12-5.
Birdsong Used Books & Records (129 Harvard SE, 505-268-7204). Literature,
non-fiction, SF, children, classical and jazz. "An EXCELLENT
bookstore. In terms of their stock, they have the largest
collection of used SF paperbacks that I have seen (apart from the
larger chain stores, which don't carry out-of-print titles). While
there, I found five out-of-print titles (including two which I had
been seeking for over one and a half years) and two fairly recent
books. Their prices are reasonable, although they do have some
first printings of Ellison books that can get pricey." Mon-Sat
10-8, Sun 12-5 (someone else said "Sun 10-6.").
Book Fare (5901 Wyoming Blvd NE, 505-821-6758). Used. Southwest, natural
history, large print. Mon-Sat 10-6, Sun 12-5.
The Book Garden (1502 Wyoming NE, 505-292-6005). Used. General stock, book
search. Mon-Sat 10-6, Sun 12-5.
Book 'n Bach (8529-A Indian School NE, 505-293-8084). Used. General stock,
sheet music. Mon-Sat 11-6 or sunset (whichever comes first).
The Book Rack (2506 Juan Tabo NE, 505-292-0397). Used paperbacks. Tu-Sat
The Book Stop (3412 Central SE, 505-268-8898). Used. General stock.
Mon-Sat 10-10, Sun 12-10.
The Bookcase (109 Mesa SE, 505-247-3102). Used. General stock, SF,
cookbooks. Mon-Sat 10-6.
Bookman's Used Books (6915 Montgomery NE, 505-883-5533). Paperbacks,
Bookworks (4022 Rio Grande Blvd. NW, 505-344-8139). New and used art,
Southwest. Mon-Sat 9-7, Sun 9-5.
Classic Century Square Merchants (4616 Central SE, 505-255-1850). Used.
Several vendors sell books. Mon-Sat 10-6, Sun 12-5.
Clues Mystery Bookstore (1621 Wyoming NE, 505-271-2285). New. Mysteries.
Comic Warehouse (9617 Menaul NE, 505-293-3065). Comics. Mon-Sat 11-6,
Comic Warehouse (2116 Central SE, 505-242-6170). Comics.
Corner Book Store (3500 Central SE (Nob Hill Center), 505-266-2044). New.
General stock, computers, Southwest, cooking. Mon-Sat 10-10, Sun
Doc's News 96421 Gibson SE, 505-265-9117). Comics.
Don's Paperback Book Exchange (1013 San Mateo SE, 505-268-0520). Used.
Paperbacks, SF, new and collector comics. Mon-Fri 11-7, Sat 10-7.
Full Circle Books (2205 Silver SE, 505-266-0022). Specializes in books by
and for women.
Jan's Exchange (3719 4th NW, 505-345-2182). Used. Paperbacks, magazines,
comics, records. Mon-Sat 10-6.
Harris Newsstand (1301 San Mateo NE, 505-260-0356). Used. Paperbacks,
Holman's Inc. (401 Wyoming NE, 505-265-7981). New. Electronics, computers,
engineering, codes, aviation, maps. Mon-Fri 8-5:30, Sat 10-3.
Living Batch Bookstore (106 Cornell SE, 505-262-1619). New. General stock,
literature. Mon-Fri 9-7, Sat-Sun 10-5.
Menaul Book Exchange (9409 Menaul NE, 505-299-7503). Used. Paperbacks,
discounted new paperbacks. Mon-Sat 10-5.
Murder Unlimited (a.k.a. Tasha's Paperback Book Exchange) (2510 San Mateo
NE, 505-884-5491). "One of the better mystery stores in the state,
though their not stocking new hardback releases is irritating. The
owner is there most days and is pretty knowledgeable, having written
a book herself which is kind of a catalog of the various mystery
sub-genres (like garden, tea-house, tough-guy, etc.) with
accompanying discussion and suggested titles." Used paperbacks,
discounted new and used mysteries, lending library. Mon-Sat 11-6.
Newsland Bookstore (2112 Central SE, 505-242-0694). New. Paperbacks,
SF, newspapers, magazines. Mon-Sat 9-9, Sun 8-9.
Noble Collectibles (2906 Juan Tabo NE, 505-298-2680). Comics.
North Valley Bookstore (7209 4th NW, 505-897-0048). Used. General stock.
Mon-Sat 12-5.
Novel Exchange (5505-B Osuna NE, 505-888-1735). Used. Children, cookbooks,
books on tape for rent.
Oasis Books (625 Amherst NE, 505-268-1054). Used. General stock, history,
travel. Tu-Sat 10-6.
Page One (11018 Montgomery NE, 505-294-2026 or 1-800-521-4122). New.
General stock, technical, SF, mystery, horror,
newspapers, magazines, CDs, maps, software. Daily 7:30-10:30 every
day of the year.
Page One (11200 Montgomery NE). Used. Was previously Page One's new book
Paperback Recycler (#1 Republic Square (5555 Montgomery NE at San Pedro),
505-883-4275). Used. Paperbacks. Mon-Wed 11-7, Fri-Sat 11-7, Sun
Parnassus Books (3009 Central SE, 505-266-1705).
Rachel's Books (532 Washington NE, 505-260-0032). Used. General stock.
Mon-Sat 10-6.
Salt of the Earth Bookstore (2128 Central SE, 505-842-1220). New. Latin
American, Southwest, Spanish, political. Mon-Sat 10-10, Sun 10-5.
Sisters and Brothers (4011 Silver SE, 505-2566-7317). Gay/lesbian/bisexual
books, etc.
Southwest Hobby Co. ( 1003 San Mateo SE, 505-255-2165). Comics.
Surreal Comics (323-A Wyoming NE, 505-266-6332). Comics.
Tall Tales Comics & Novelties (1410-D Wyoming NE, 505-296-6178). Comics.
Mon-Fri 11-7, Sat 10-7, Sun 12-5
Tasha's Paperback Book Exchange (a.k.a. Murder Unlimited) (2510 San Mateo
NE, 505-884-5491). "One of the better mystery stores in the state,
though their not stocking new hardback releases is irritating. The
owner is there most days and is pretty knowledgeable, having written
a book herself which is kind of a catalog of the various mystery
sub-genres (like garden, tea-house, tough-guy, etc.) with
accompanying discussion and suggested titles." Used paperbacks,
discounted new and used mysteries, lending library. Mon-Sat 11-6.
Tom Davies Bookshop (414 Central SE, 505-247-2072). Used. Rare books,
Southwest, fine printing and bindings. Mon-Sat 12:30-5
University of NM Bookstore (Yale Blvd. on UNM Campus, 505-277-5451). New.
General stock, textbooks, technical. Mon-Fri 8-5, Sat 10-2.
"Best of Albuquerque: For new titles, Page One, Corner Book Store, and
UNM Bookstore. Page One has the best selection of SF and technical
titles. The Book Stop for general used books. For new and used
mysteries, Tasha's (a.k.a. Murder Unlimited). Good selections of used
SF can be found at The Bookcase, Birdsong, and Don's Paperbacks."
Surburbs and south of Albuquerque (see also El Paso TX and Santa Fe NM):
Ace Trading Company & Pawn Shop (111 Main St, Clovis, 505-762-4848).
Used paperbacks.
Book Place PB Exchange (373 Rio Communities Blvd, Belen). Used.
Cedar Crest Book Exchange (12129 N Hwy 14 in Cedar Crest Center, Cedar
Crest, 505-281-2234). Used paperbacks.
The Dana Book Store (203 Manzanares NE in the Val Verde Hotel, Socorro,
505-835-3434). General stock. Mon-Sat 10-6.
Dog-Eared Paperbacks (508-D Mechem Dr, Ruidoso, 505-257-2228). Used.
Paperback Book Exchange (Crossroads Center, Edgewood).
Simmons & Simmons Books & Prints (501 W Main, Los Lunas, 505-865-8765).
Used Southwest. Tu-Sat 12:30-5:30.
West 44 Odds & Ends (Hwy 44 between Bernalillo and San Ysidro, Bernalillo).
[Much of this part contributed by Mark Martinez (]
Subject: El Paso TX
Book Basket (9828 Montana, 915-598-1287). Paperback exchange.
Book Gallery (2800 E. Yandell Dr, 915-562-4528). Used. General stock,
Southwest, Mexico, military.
The Book Rack (10780 Pebble Hills Blvd, 915-598-2279). Used.
Bookworm Exchange (3355 N Yarbrough Dr, 915-598-8123). Used paperbacks.
CBS Bookstore (1515 N Lee Trevino Dr, 915-593-4844). Used. General stock.
Clark's Paperback Exchange (5412 Will Ruth, 915-755-6767).
Hi Books (6509 N Mesa St in Palm Court, 915-581-3900). Used Western
Americana. Daily 10-6.
Potter's Paperback Exchange (1207 Wedgewood, 915-593-2635). Mon-Sat 10-6.
Rita's Fantasy Shop (36 Sunrise Center, 915-757-1143). Paperbacks, comics.
Wally's Paperback Book Exchange (4706 Montana, 915-564-9003).
West Side Paperback Exchange (138 S Resier Dr, 915-584-8478).
Southern NM (see also Albuquerque NM):
The Book Bin (808 N Bullard, Silver City 505-538-2024). Used paperbacks.
The Book Gallery (1109 W 2, Roswell, 505-622-9305). Used.
Bowlin's Mesilla Book Center (on the plaza in Old Mesilla, Las Cruces,
505-526-6220). Southwest.
COAS Books (535 S Melendres, Las Cruces, 505-524-0301). Used. General
stock, paperbacks, Southwest, SF. Mon-Sat 10-6.
Dave's Paperback Book Exchange (1105 N Main, Las Cruces, 505-525-0277).
Paperbacks, comics, magazines. Mon-Sat 10-6, Sun 1-5.
Del Norte Paperback Exchange (206 W Sherrill Ln, Roswell, 505-623-4844).
Evco Books (1625 S Main, Suite 6, Las Cruces, 505-523-4032). Used.
Paperbacks, military history, Southwest. Mon-Sat 9-6, Sun 11-5.
Happy Jacks Trading Post & Rental (405 E 2, Roswell, 505-623-1544). Used.
Mary's Corner Swap Shop (601 S Del Paso, Hobbs, 505-393-9677).
My Bookstore (317 N Main in the Downtown Mall, parking lot #6 off Water St,
Las Cruces, 505-524-8471). Used. General stock, paperbacks,
Southwest, SF. Mon-Sat 10-6, Fri until 8, Sun 11-5.
O'Keefe's Bookshop (102 W Broadway, Silver City 505-388-3313). Used.
The Ole Book Shoppe (310 W Main, Artesia, 505-748-2465). Used.
T or C Books (306 Main, Truth or Consequences, 505-894-3351). Used.
Teapot Dome (106 E Spruce, Deming, 505-546-2828). Used paperbacks,
Southwest, magazines. Mon-Sat 9-6.
Woman in White Used Book Store (513 N Halagueno, Carlsbad, 505-887-0176).
Wooden Spoon West Used Books (306 W Luckey, Carlsbad, 505-887-5313). Used
art, natural history, Americana. (Editor's note: I used to go to
the original Wooden Spoon, in Ann Arbor MI.)
[Much of this part contributed by Mark Martinez (]
Subject: Salt Lake City UT
Barnes & Noble (1250 E 2300 S in a big strip mall multiplex, 5900 S State
Street (100 E) Corner location, and 1300 E and I-80 corner). Best
selection of SF and fantasy in town.
Comics Utah, (258 E 100 S; 801-328-3300). Comics, SF & fantasy, games.
There is a second location, but it is not as well stocked.
Golden Braid Books (213 E 300 S, 801-322-1162). Eclectic selection: women's
issues, Taror decks, etc. Two floors of books, good used selection.
King's English (1511 S 1500 E, 801-484-9100). A cozy bookstore with a
resident cat, armchairs, and free tea and coffee. New books,
strongest in fiction and literature. Best selection of mysteries
in town.
Sam Weller's (273 S Main). A *huge* place with new books on the main floor
and used books in the basement and on the balcony. You can easily
spend half a day browsing in here.
Subject: Tucson AZ
Antigone Books (500 N 4th Ave, 602-792-3715). Women's bookstore, good gay
Book Mark (5001 E Speedway, 602-881-6350). General bookstore, new books.
They have everything.
Coyote's Voice (16 S Eastbourne, 602-327-6560). Little general trade store
specializing (sort of) in Southwestern. They know everything.
Footprints of a Gigantic Hound (16 Broadway Village, 602-326-8533). Mystery
store, some used. Right across the street from Coyote's Voice.
Haunted Bookshop (7211 N Northern, 602-742-3627). General trade store with
literary bent. Also has small used section.
Kids Center (1725 N Swan, 602-322-5437). Kids' books only and toys.
Marco Polo & I (4743 E Sunrise Dr, 602-299-9060). Small general bookstore.
Good childrens and travel sections.
Whiz Kids (1737 E Prince, 602-795-3729). Kids' books and toys.
For used books, park your car at the corner of Grant and Campbell and visit
Bookmans, the Bookstop, Southwest Books, and the Mad Hatter.
Subject: Phoenix AZ
Books Etc (901 S Mill, Tempe, 602-967-1111). General bookstore. Has the
biggest SF selection in Arizona, including the specialty shops.
Bookstar (E Camelback at 22nd). Barnes & Noble superstore.
Changing Hands (414 Mill, Tempe, 602-966-0203). General bookstore. Most
of the stock is trade, and they tend to buy heavy in
Historia Books (4151 N Marshall, Scottsdale, 602-945-6272). Small, trade,
new books, history only!!!
Houle Books (36 E Camelback, 602-266-2258; 6166 N Scottsdale--The Borgata,
Scottsdale, 602-991-6607). Great general bookstore. Currently
(6/93) fighting to survive the opening of Bookstar and the
announcement of a Borders--the two events that killed Dushoff's.
Poisoned Pen (7100B E Main, Scottsdale, 602-947-2974). Mystery bookstore,
has some used/hard-to-find stuff.
Shakespeare, Beethoven & Co. (7001 Scottsdale #159, Scottsdale,
602-945-2646). In the Scottsdale Galleria, bottom floor. Trade
store, great music selection. They were recently (2/94) forced to
move when the mall they were in closed (with about 2 weeks notice!).
address: 7001 Scottsdale Rd, #159, 602-945-2646.
Storybooks (1356 S Gilbert, Mesa, 602-926-7323). The biggest kids-only
bookstore in the Phoenix area.
Subject: Seattle/Tacoma WA
AKA Books & Left Bank Books. Part of a collective that provides small
press and alternative titles--former is primarily used books at
good prices, latter is mostly new titles.
Bailey/Coy Books. Wonderful, full of good fiction and recommendations
from staff and customers.
Beauty and the Books (on or near University Way). Run-of-the-mill
university used bookstore.
Beyond the Closet Books (1501 Belmont Ave, 206-322-4609). The city's best
gay/lesbian/bisexual bookstore.
Blackbird Books (3130 E Madison). Has a good selection of books for the
African-American community, including toys, posters, children's
books, and music.
Catchpenny (9020 Roosevelt Way--Maple Leaf, southeast of Northgate).
Typical neighborhood used bookstore.
David Ishi, Bookseller (down the street from Elliot Bay). Lots of old
hardbacks and memorabilia, but it's a bit expensive. He
specializes in fine editions, and will do difficult rare book
searches on request.
Discount Books. Has some of the lowest prices, but their selection is
usually limited.
Elliot Bay Books (Pioneer Sqaure). Booklover's paradise. Also has an
extensive children's section, complete with a playroom for kids
as you browse other areas.
Flora and Fauna Books (1st Ave in Pioneer Square). Best nature/outdoors
bookstore in town, with both new and selected used/rare titles.
Gemini Book Exchange (9614 16th SW, White Center). Typical neighborhood
used bookstore.
Gregor Books (3407 California Way, West Seattle). Literary First Editions.
Half-Price (University District). Large collection of mostly used books.
Horizon Books (425 15th East--Capitol Hill by the Group Health Hospital).
Just your typical old house full of books. Including the bathroom.
SF, alternative religion, and life styles. Also a new branch in a
storefront at 6512 Roosevelt Way.)
Lambda Books. The best place for gay/lesbian/bisexual titles and postcards.
Magus Bookstore (on or near University Way). Run-of-the-mill university
used bookstore.
Mystery Bookshop (117 Cherry). Large collection of new and used mysteries.
Old London Bookstore (111 Central Ave, Bellingham, 1-206-733-7273). A
seventeen-room historical mansion in the dead center of town.
Entire rooms on everything you can imagine, SF, mysteries,
philosophy, archeology, "the classics", you name it. Every room in
the house except the bathroom is floor-to-ceiling, wall-to-wall used
hardcover books. There are chairs and lamps scattered about for
customers to use to do a little reading, and the owners frequently
serve finger foods and tea/coffee. The store is also the owner's
home (you have to walk around the bed to view the shelves of books
in the bedroom) so it isn't just a walk-in type place. Someone is
home most times, but you'll need to call ahead to make sure it's
okay to come by. You've got to see this place to believe it.
Open Books (Wallingford). Great poetry selection.
Pegasus Book Exchange (4553 California Way, West Seattle Junction). Typical
neighborhood used bookstore.
Seattle Book Center (3530 Stone Way N, 206-547-7870). This is next door to
Archie McPhee's, which is also reccomended.
Second Story Book Store (Wallingford Center on N. 45th). Feminist, new
fiction, lending library.
Secret Garden Children's Bookshop (Greenlake). A wonderful selection.
Shorey's Books. Used bookstore with ancient reference books. Lots of
dreck, but the occasional book you can't find anywhere else.
Spade & Archer (1101 E Pike). Mystery bookstore. The Pike St cinema is
at the back.
Standard Books (65th in the Roosevelt District). Great bookstore -- open,
airy, light, current fiction and non-fiction, heavy on politics,
history, poetry. Small children's section. Free Sunday NYTimes
Book Review. Staff super-friendly and involved, newsletter, book
signings and readings.
Tower Books (Lower Queen Anne and Bellevue). Large, wide-ranging selection
of new books, magazines, and papers. Also sells the cheapest IRISH
TIMES in Seattle. All books are 10% off all the time; NYT
best-sellers are 30% off. Open until midnight 7 days a week.
Twice Sold Tales (905 East John on Capitol Hill). Has incredibly good used
fiction at good prices. High turnover of used books (all areas).
All books 25% off midnight to 8AM Friday night/Saturday morning. [I
assume this means it's open 24 hours a day, at least on that day.]
Great place to hang out in the middle of a Friday night, great
atmosphere, colorful personalities, lots of cats.
Twice Sold Tales of Wallingford (2210 N 45th). Also nice, but not as great
as the one on Capitol Hill.
U. S. Government Bookstore (Room 194, Federal Building, 915 Second Avenue,
206-553-4270). "Did you know that the U. S. Government Printing
Office operates 24 bookstores across the country? ...and that they
have some of the most >ahem< unusual and interesting things you'll
find anywhere?"
University Bookstore (206-634-3400). Simply massive, with good people to
find the book you want, and an extensive children's section. 20-25%
off on best-sellers that they choose, so can often get discounts on
books that aren't on regular best-seller list (e.g., Kroll's "The
Whole Internet" is almost always 20% off). Extra 10% rebate for UW
students, staff, and alumni association members. "Better than any
University bookstore I know (including Harvard Coop) for general
books." "The University Book Store is by any measure one of the
best all-round independent bookstores in the country, and certainly
one of the absolute top independents when it comes to supporting
SF. I've long suspected that the reason Seattle has never supported
a full-fledged science fiction store like Other Change of Hobbit or
the science fiction Shop is that the University Book Store does such
` a good job. Way back in 1982 when I lived in the apartment house
across the alley (the Malloy), the U Bookstore was devoting an
entire shelf unit to hardcover science fiction alone, to say nothing
of the paperbacks. If you live in the Pacific Northwest, support
these guys."
There are also others on or near University Way and several north of the
University bookstore about a mile.
Tacoma Book Center (324 E 26th, one block from Tacoma Dome-take the Tacoma
Dome exit from I5, corner of 26th and D, 206-572-8248). Very good
selection of used and collectible books at good prices. Worth the
stop if you're traveling through.
South Suburbs:
Book World (I and II) (23406 Pacific Hwy S, Kent, and 23824 104th SE, Kent).
Both are just your typical old supermarket turned into a (large)
used bookstore.
Comstock's Bindery and Bookshop (257 E Main, Auburn--formerly on Ranier Ave
S in Seattle, 206-939-8770). Good selection of used SF, history,
military. "As a book binder primarily he has interest in
antiquarian books. He gets a lot of books donated from local
libraries that he then binds up and resells. The most tenacious man
at finding an out-of-print book I have ever found, especially rare
and unusual SF. Has reading rooms, two store cats and one store dog
(Bouvier de Flanders) often mistaken for large rug. Very
knowlegeable on many subjects, and will without hesitation send you
to a competitor if they have the volume you need. Used to be
located in Seattle, moved down to Auburn for cheaper rents, keeps
expanding, and may soon have the entire block of buildings as a
bookstore. He and his wife will help you find anything you want or
need, and will spend time to make sure you get what you want in many
subjects, including assessing the value of an older book. 2-for-1
trade-ins for SF and others; will outright buy rare titles. Will
give you a better price than other antiquarians in Seattle area."
Wonderworld Books and Gifts (455 SW 152nd, Burien west of the Sea/Tac
Airport). Large collection of new paperback and hardback SF and
cinema, comics, role-playing games, and collectibles.
There is also a Barnes & Noble superstore in Bellevue (in a former bowling
alley). And someone writes, "Just wanted to let you know that the Tower
Books in Bellevue WA has been ruined. :-( Since the Barnes & Noble
superstore opened right behind them last year and apparently hurt their
business, they decided to *copy the store layout* while not addressing the
real problem (that B&N has the building of an old bowling alley and Tower a
smallish storefront). Thus Tower winds up with (to my eye) perhaps half the
stock they used to have, and a faux-B&N teeny layout. Bleah."
However, he has followed up with "Turns out that while the overall book
count has been significantly reduced, they've actually expanded their
technical/computer section. I only noticed this because Barnes & Noble
didn't carry the two titles I was looking for, but Tower had 'em both.
Oops. *blush*"
Mt. Vernon:
B & M Books (take the George Hopper exit). This is about a 90-minute drive
from Seattle. For anyone who likes used bookstores, this is worth
the drive up, at least once. The bookstore is run out of a
converted warehouse almost solely by this old dude. There are more
books in this place than in any store I've ever been in, including
the Tattered Cover. The books are vaguely ordered by first letter
of authors last name, and subject. All books are *very* cheap, but
you may get a bit frustrated when trying to find a specific book.
There are, of course, cats running around which you may run into
randomly while lost in the labyrinth, and there's a huge fireplace
they fire up on cold days.
Subject: Portland OR
Captain's Nautical Supplies (138 NW 10th Ave, 503-227-1648). "They had the
best supply of maps I have ever seen outside of the USGS office in
VA. Worth checking out." Almost exclusively maps.
Conant & Conant Booksellers (1001 SW 10th Ave, 503-241-7726). There's a
coffeehouse in here, too. Pleasant atmosphere and a very broad
Future Dreams (1800 East Burnside, 503-231-8311; also 10508 NE Halsey,
503-255-5245). Fantasy and SF, new and used. Information on the
Portland Science Fiction Society is available here.
Hawthorne Boulevard Books (3129 SE Hawthorne Blvd., 503-236-3211). SE
Hawthorne Boulevard is the readers' paradise. Something like thirty
bookstores in a three-mile area. Stop into any one and get a lista
of the other Hawthorne Blvd. booksellers, then budget an entire day
for some of the best browsing of your life.
Murder by the Book ( 7828 SW Capital Highway, 503-293-6507, and 3210 SW
Hawthorne Blvd, 503-232-9995). Mysteries.
Powell's City of Books (main store) (1005 W Burnside, 800-878-7372 or
+1 503-228-4651, FAX +1 503-228-4631). Truly a national treasure,
one of the wonders of Portland. Powell's has new and used books by
the millions. Its depth and coverage exceeds most large-city
libraries. There is a coffee shop in the store for more serious
browsing. This store is an easy walk from the Amtrak station; one
reader reports returning to the train with an additional piece of
carry-on luggage after her four-hour layover. Will ship worldwide.
Does searches for out-of-print books.
Powell's at PDX (Portland International Airport, 503-249-1950).
Powell's Books for Cooks (3739 SE Hawthorne, 503-235-3802).
Powell's Books in Beaverton (Cascade Plaza, 8775 SW Cascade Ave, Beaverton,
503-643-3131). Although a mere shadow of Powell's main store in
Portland, this branch is still a very large and very well-organized
used bookstore, with used and publisher's overstock in all
categories. There is a children's section in a separate store next
Powell's Books for Kids (Cascade Plaza, 8775 SW Cascade Ave, Beaverton,
Powell's Hawthorne (37-something SE Hawthorne--they're adjacent to Powell's
Books for Cooks) is a new branch of the main store.
Powell's Technical Bookstore (33 NW Park, 800-225-6911 or 503-228-3906).
The largest technical bookstore in the Portland area. To receive an
automated reply on how to browse the Tech store's database via
email, send any message to
Powell's Travel Store (SW 6th & Yamhill, 503-228-1108). Maps from
everywhere, travel-related books. *More* maps than Captain's!
Scribner's Bookstore (Pioneer Place, 503-222-2822). On the bottom floor of
the mall, off the food court. Classy.
U. S. Government Bookstore (1305 SW First Avenue, 503-221-6217). "Did you
know that the U. S. Government Printing Office operates 24
bookstores across the country? ...and that they have some of the
most >ahem< unusual and interesting things you'll find anywhere?"
Twenty-Third Avenue Books (1015 NW 23rd, 503-224-5097). Northwest Portland
is the arts center of Oregon. A walk around will find this place
and many more of interest to the reader.
Wrigley-Cross Books (8001A Powell Blvd, 503-775-4943). A general used-book
store, selling both paperbacks and hardcovers, which also carries
some new hardcover SF, horror, and mystery; also a good place to
find imports. "It is a comfy and pleasant store, with a varied and
eclectic selection well-suited to generalists. The owners are
friendly and knowledgeable." They also offer espresso and pastries.
"I've only listed stores I'm personally familiar with. In truth, after
Powell's, nothing else can compare for sheer browsability." [Britt Klein,]
Eugene OR:
Smith Family Bookstore (768 E 13th, one block west of the University of
Oregon, 503-345-1651). The largest used bookstore in a city with
many bookstores. This store mainly serves the university community,
and has large sections on technical, historical, science, etc.,
hardcover books, although it also has many paperbacks. Two floors
of books. There is a smaller branch just north of downtown on
525 Willamette.
Subject: Los Angeles CA
[Note: It is reasonable to assume that the 1/17/94 quake has disrupted many
of these businesses. I would appreciate any updates for those which have
moved or closed. Those who are struggling to recover will surely appreciate
*your* business!]
A & M Book Cellars (19801 Vanowen, Canoga Park, 818-716-6259). Used books,
lots of SF and mystery. Open 7 days.
Acres of Books (240 Long Beach Blvd, Long Beach, 213-437-6980). As the name
suggests, this is a huge used bookstore. It has been in business
for quite a while, having been frequented by Ray Bradbury and Ray
Harryhausen when they were in high school. Open Tue-Sat`
9:15AM-5PM. The fiction room closes 30 minutes earlier than the
rest of the store.
Adventures for Kids (3457 Telegraph, Ventura, 805-650-9688). One of the
largest and best children's book stores in the LA area.
American Opinion Bookstore (5653 Cahenga Blvd, North Hollywood,
818-769-4019). Conservative politics, history, conspiracy.
Another World Comics and Books (1615 Colorado Blvd, 213-257-7757).
Atlantean Discoveries (21113 Devonshire, Chats, 818-341-5689).
Autobooks Etc (3524 W Magnolia Blvd, Burbank, 818-845-0707). Books,
magazines, repair manuals, posters on cars, trucks, motorcycles,
airplanes, models.
Aviation Book Mobile (12032 E Firestone Blvd, Nrwk, 310-864-4116).
Aviation Bookstore & Pilot Shop (3723 W Magnolia Blvd, Burbank,
818-845-9322). Aviation books, pilot supplies, videos.
Bargain Books (14426 Friar, Van Nuys, 818-782-2782). Used books, general,
academic, encyclopedia, cinema, technical, art.
Barry R. Levin (726 Santa Monica Blvd., Suite 201, Santa Monica,
213-458-6111). Collectible SF and fantasy. Truly nice stuff. By
appointment only. Minor damage from the '94 quake.
Best Seller Book Shop (130 N San Fernando Blvd, Burbank, 818-955-8243).
50,000 paperbacks, new and out-of-print. Open 7 days.
Big and Tall Books (Beverly Blvd near La Brea). A bookstore cafe. Frequent
readings and signings and decent coffee.
Bodhi Tree Bookstore (8585 Melrose Ave, New:310-659-1733 Used:3227).
Eastern and Western religions, occult, psychology, mailing service.
Bond Street Books (144 S San Fernando Blvd, Burbank, 818-845-6467).
Antiquarian and out-of-print, history, art, mysteries, metaphysics.
Book Carnival (348 S Tustin, Orange, 714-536-3210). One of the best
mystery *and* SF stores in Southern CA. New, used, and rare, with
lots of signed books and lots of author signings in the store.
Mailing list.
Book Castle Inc. (3604 W Magnolia Blvd, Burbank, 818-842-6816). Closed
Book City (5249 Lankershim Blvd, North Hollywood, 818-985-6911). Large
selection of new, used, out-of-print books and paperbacks. Open 7
Book Emporium (5539 Stearns, Long Beach, 310-431-3595). General store with
strong childrens and romance sections.
Book'em Mysteries (1118 Mission St, South Pasadena, 818-799-9600). Mainly
mysteries, with some branching out into "dark fiction" and anything
the staff thinks their customers might like. Frequent author
Book Mark USA (12152 Victory Blvd, Van Nuys, 818-980-2241). 10,000+
discount new and excellent condition used paperbacks.
Book Soup (8818 W Sunset Blvd, West Hollywood, 310-659-3110). Good (new)
books. Open conveniently late. Frequently has readings and signed
copies of books. Well-lighted, decent people-watching.
Bookaneer (6755 Tampa Av, Reseda, 818-881-6808). Used romance, SF, western,
mystery, biography, pre-teen, teen, true crime, horror, war,
paperbacks, comics, men's magazines.
Bookie Joint (7246 Reseda Blvd, Reseda, 818-343-1055). Used and scarce
books, magazines, reference, SF, mystery.
Bookstar (citywide). Yes, it's a chain, but a fairly good one. Much larger
and higher quality selection than Waldenbooks, etc. Nice
atmosphere, nice music, benches to sit on while you read your stack
of books. :-) Open until 11pm every night. (A subsidiary of
Barnes & Noble.)
Brand Bookshop (231 N Brand Blvd, Glen, 818-507-5943). 75,000 used,
out-of-print, rare books, 200 categories. Open 7 days.
Bread & Roses (13812 Ventura Blvd, Sherman Oaks, 818-986-5376). Books for,
by and about women. Opens late, closed Monday.
Bwarie's Emporium (5211 Kester Ave, Van Nuys, 818-981-8222). Quality books
for children of all ages, 450+ titles. Open 7 days.
Cancer Book House (2043 N Berendo, 213-663-7801). Nutritional approach,
Catch Our Rainbow (3148 Pacific Coast Hwy, Torrance, 310-325-1081).
Children's specialty store.
Chatterton's Booksop (1818 N Vermont Ave, 213-664-3882). New books,
general, university and small press literature.
Child Dreams Childrens Gallery (1224-1/2 Ventura Blvd, Studio City,
Children's Book World (10580-1/2 W Pico, 310-559-2665 (310-559-BOOK)).
Pretty good, including a good selection of science books.
Children's Bookshelf (1039 Swarthmore Ave, Pacific Palisades, 310-459-0063).
A decent small selection and prices are nothing special. "There is
a good deli down the street to relax in after you've bought your
books and Baskin Robbins across the street."
Cinema Collectors (1507 Wilcox Av, 213-461-6516). Posters, photos, stills,
cinema books, collections. Open 7 days.
Cliff's Books (630 E Colorado Blvd, Pasadena, 818-449-9541). Well-stocked
used book store near Caltech. Excellent selection of technical and
SF books. Lots of collectibles. Also carries comics and records.
Open until midnight seven days a week.
Collectors Book Store (1708 Vine, 213-467-3296). Movie posters, stills,
scripts, lobby cards, magazines. Closed Monday.
Comic Book Store (11517 Burbank Blvd, North Hollywood, 818-509-2901).
Continental Art Supply (7041 Reseda Blvd, Reseda, 818-345-1044).
Large selection of art books.
Cook's Library (8373 W Third St, LA, 213-655-3141). Specializes in
Counterpoint Records & Books (5911 Franklin Ave, 213-469-4465). SF to
philosophy, classical to rock. Late only, 7 days.
Creative Play Resources (8921 Reseda Blvd, Nor, 818-886-4150). Superb
collection of children's hard and soft cover books.
Dangerous Visions (13563 Ventura Blvd., Sherman Oaks, 818-986-6963).
SF, fantasy, and horror. Interesting selection of used hardcovers
in good condition. Has frequent author autograph parties. Gives
10% cash discount with purchase of "Club DV." Publishes newsletter
(available for $2.50/year). Does mail order. (As of 1/21/94, the
store "looks like it's been turned upside down, but no major
Dalton's Books (5146 Laurel Canyon Blvd, North Hollywood, 818-769-3866; 3806
W Magnolia, Burbank, 818-840-8003, 213-849-1440). 250,000 new,
used, antiquarian, rare books, paperbacks. Fine prints.
A Different Light Bookstore (8853 Santa Monica Blvd, West Hollywood,
310-854-6601 or 800-343-4002). Gay/lesbian/bisexual.
Discount Reader (Lincoln Blvd in Westchester just north of LAX). A fair
general collection, particularly good on classics since they serve
as the school bookstore for Loyola Marymount University. They'll
special order with no fee and give you their usual discount (10% on
paperbacks, 20% on hardcovers, I think) if they can get the book
from their local distributor.
Dodd's Bookshop (4818 E 2nd, Long Beach). In the Belmont Shores area.
New books, literary, has store cats.
Dutton's (San Vincente, Brentwood; also in the Valley). Bookstore consists
of several adjacent stores. Good selection of new books. Frequent
readings/signings. Does special orders.
Either/Or Bookstore (124 Pier Ave, Hermosa Beach, 310-374-2060). This is
one of the better sources of literary and non-mainstream fiction in
the South Bay area. The stock of genre fiction is decent, and the
selection of nonfiction is eclectic and good. This is a good store
for browsing.
Eric Chaim Kline Bookseller (1343 4th, Santa Monica, 310-395-4747). This
bookstore specializes in a good collection of Judiaca and art books,
but also has lots of other used books. The owner constantly goes to
book conventions and buys rare collections.
Eso Won Books, Inc (900 N LaBrea, Inglewood, 310-674-6566). Specializes in
African American literature. Frequent signings and community
Flights of Fantasy (423 Santa Monica Blvd, Santa Monica). SF and so on.
Relocated from its former location due to the '94 quake. Open
Mon-Sat 11AM-8PM, Sun 12N-6PM.
Forbidden Planet (14513 Ventura Blvd, Sherman Oaks, 818-995-0151). SF.
French Books - La Cite des Livres (2306 Westwood Blvd, West Los Angeles,
310-475-0658). Books, maps, guides, recordings, magazines from
France. Closed Monday.
Front Theodore Musical Literature (16122 Cohasset, Van Nuys, 818-994-1902).
New, used, rare, foreign books on music, scores, recordings, videos.
Geographica Bookstore (4000 Riverside Dr, Burbank, 818-848-1414). Foreign,
domestic maps, charts, guides, books, atlases, globes, language
tapes, travel accessories.
Golden Apple Comics ( 7711 Melrose Av, Los Angeles 213-658-6047;
8934 W Pico Blvd, Los Angeles, 310-274-2008;
8962 Reseda Blvd, Northridge, 818-993-7804).
Hennessey & Ingalls (1254 3rd St Promenade, Santa Monica, 310-458-9074).
Art and architechture: large stock, new, used, out-of-print,
imported. Major damage from the 'quake--it will reopen, but
possibly not until March 1994 or later.
Heritage Book Shop (8540 Melrose Av, 310-659-3674). Rare books, first
editions, fine bindings, autograhs, manuscripts.
Houle Rare Books & Autographs (7260 Beverly Blvd, 213-937-5858).
House of David (12826 Victory Blvd, North Hollywood, 818-763-2070).
Jewish religious supplies and books. Closed Saturday, open Sunday.
Huntley Bookstore (175 E Eighth St, Claremont, 909-621-8555). College store
(Claremont Colleges), but lots of general interest books as well.
Iliad Book Shop (4820 Vineland Av, North Hollywood, 818-509-2665). New,
used and rare books, specializing in literature and the arts.
Open 7 days.
Imagine That (5225 Canyon Crest Dr #13, Riverside, 909-784-0132).
Children's store.
Irvine Sci-Tech Books (4040 Barranca Pkwy, #140, Irvine, 714-733-1002).
Technical books.
Law Distributors (8339 Sepulveda Blvd, Sepulveda, 818-893-6389).
Legal Book Store (316 W 2d, 213-626-2139).
Lewis' for Books (7119 Reseda Blvd, Reseda, 818-343-5634). Educational
aids, textbooks, workbooks, videos for teachers and parents.
Logos Bookstore (10884 Weyburn Ave, Westwood, 310-208-5432). Christian
books and gifts, shipping. Open 7 days, eves Mon-Sat.
Lorson's Books & Prints (116 W Wilshire, Fullerton, 714-526-2523). An
interesting partnership--Joan Lorson sells children's books (new),
while her husband Jim Lorson sells used and rare adult books. They
also have some interesting art available.
Mags Inc (4645 Van Nuys Blvd, Sherman Oaks, 818-784-9559).
Maps Etc (21919 Sherman Way, Canoga Park, 818-347-9160). Travel books and
maps, language tapes, topos, street atlases, globes,
nautical/aeronautical charts, computer mapping.
The Midnight Special (3rd Street Promenade, Santa Monica). Recently
expanded and spiffed up. Good new books. They host readings, and
other, sometimes political, events. Strong section on all aspects
of Central America.
Mitchell Books (1395 Washington Blvd, Pasadena, 818-798-4438). Used crime,
detective, spy, and mystery fiction.
Movie World (212 N San Fernando Blvd, Burbank, 818-846-0459). Posters,
photos, books, magazines, etc. about film, TV, music, theatre,
dance. Open 7 days.
Mrs. Nelson's Toys & Books (1030 Bonita Ave, LaVerne, 909-599-4558). One of
the larger children's book stores around.
Mysterious Bookshop (8763 Beverly Blvd, 310-659-2959).
Mystery & Imagination Bookshop (515-1/2 E Broadway, Glendale, 818-545-0206).
Once Upon a Time (2284 Honolulu Ave, Mont, 818-248-9668). Children books,
special orders.
OpAmp Technical Books (1033 N Sycamore Ave, 213-464-4322). Enormous
selection of new technical titles: computer, engineering, film,
audio, video, TV, mechanical, civil, industrial, data books,
handbooks, trade, codes, business, management. Catalog for mail.
Oriental Books Store (1713 E Colorado Blvd, Pasadena, 818-577-2413).
50,000+ new and used books on Middle East, Far East, India,
Himalayas, Southeast Asia, Occult, South Pacific, Hawaii,
Pages Books (18399 Ventura Blvd, Tarzana, 818-342-6657). Quality books and
cassettes for children and young adults.
Pan American Navigation Service (16934 Saticoy, Van Nuys, 818-345-2744).
Aviation and marine books, maps, novels, charts, videos, training.
Paperback Trader (511 Wilshire Blvd, Santa Monica, 310-394-8147).
Well-organized selection of used books in all categories, 7 days.
Pee-Wee Comics (7250 Topanga Canyon Blvd, Canoga Park, 818-348-2083).
Psychic Eyes Book Shops (13435 Ventura Bl, Sherman Oaks, 818-906-8263; 18980
Ventura Blvd, Tarzania, 818-345-0807). New age, metaphysical,
healing, occult, hypnosis, crystals, jewelry; phychic readings
daily, seances, classes. Open 7 days.
Reading Rhinoceros (24000 Alicia Pkwy, Mission Viejo, 714-588-0898). A
neighborhood children's book store.
Sam's Book Co. (21016 Ventura Blvd, WHls, 818-999-6962). New, used,
out-of-print and scarce hard covers and paperbacks.
St. Augustine Shop (19801 Vanowen, Canoga Park, 818-348-3161). Catholic
books and bibles.
Samuel French Bookshop (7623 Sunset Blvd, 213-876-0570; 11963 Ventura Blvd,
Studio City, 818-762-0535). Everything for the filmmaker, actor,
student, screen writer and film buff - acting, producing, directing,
auditioning, reference books.
San Marino Toy & Book Shoppe (2475 Huntington Dr, San Marino, 818-795-5301).
Another large children's store. They're moving soon (2/94) to a
larger building across the street.
School Service Co (647 S La Brea Ave, 213-933-5691).
Sisterhood Bookstore (1351 Westwood Blvd, 310-477-7300). One of the
nation's foremost repositories of books by and about women.
Small World Books (next to the Sidewalk Cafe on the Venice Promenade,
1407 Ocean Front Walk, Venice, 310-399-2360). "I think of it
as a smaller version of Duttons."
Spanish & European Bookstore (3102 Wilshire Blvd, 213-739-8899).
The Spanish Book Store (Libreria Buenos Aires) (10977 Santa Monica Blvd,
310-475-0453). "This store has a good selection of books in
Spanish, kids and adults, fiction and nonfiction, Spanish originals
and in translation, imported from South America and Spain. It is
run by a family from Argentina. Prices not too cheap but not out
of line for imported goods. It is in West LA about a mile south of
UCLA (e.g., not in the Hispanic sections of the city)."
Stan's Video & Book Store (1117 N Western Ave, 213-467-1640).
The Technical Book Company (2056 Westwood Blvd, 310-475-5711). A treasure
trove of both textbooks and reference works in a variety of areas,
from finance to computers (but can't touch Op-Amp). They are
strongest in health-related areas and have lots of medical and
psychological books and texts.
UCLA Bookstore (Student Center on the Westwood Campus).
U. S. Government Bookstore (ARCO Plaza, C-Level, 505 South Flower Street,
213-239-9844). "Did you know that the U. S. Government Printing
Office operates 24 bookstores across the country? ...and that they
have some of the most >ahem< unusual and interesting things you'll
find anywhere?"
Ventura Bookstore (522 E Main, Ventura, 805-643-4069). A good general
bookstore in Ventura.
Vromans (695 E Colorado, Pasadena). Since 1894. Large, new books,
office supplies, etc. They have a bit of everything.
Whale of a Tale (4187 Campus Dr, #M173, Irvine, 714-854-8288). A nice
neighborhood children's book store.
Imaginarium, a quality toy store chain which is in the LA area, has a small
but decently selected book section in each of their stores.
[Much of this part contributed by T. Goodman
( and Charles Trachtenbarg
Subject: San Diego CA
ABC Art and Architectural Books and Catalogs (835 G Street, 619-544-6444) .
A pretty new bookstore located near the Newschool of Architecture in
downtown San Diego. It has a very small selection of architectural
coffee-table type books, with some more scholarly works. Art,
design, landscaping, also figure prominently. A handsome collection
of unusual notecards is also available. An adjacent gallery for
architecture and art adds an artistic touch to the place. The
only specifically architectural bookstore in all of San Diego.
Adams Avenue Book Store (33rd and Adams Avenue in North Park). A good,
musty used book collection. It may take a while to find it, but its
crowded, dusty shelves piled high to the ceiling is worth the quest.
American Opinion Bookstore (4306 Utah Street 619-281-1338). "Haven't been
there, and wouldn't be caught dead there, but any bookstore
featuring 'John Birch Society Publications' has got to be a truly
bizarre place."
Bay Books (1029 Orange Ave, Coronado, 619-435-0070). A new addition to
peaceful Coronado. General book store with good children's and
Latin American sections.
Blue Door Bookstore (3823 5th Ave, right across the street from the Cook's
Bookstore, 619-298-8610). New books. "This is a small bookstore
with an excellent selection of fiction; poetry; political; gay,
lesbian, and bisexual fiction, sexuality and politics; as well as
magazines. Great atmosphere and eclectic fiction collection.
Perhaps the best new-book bookstore in San Diego that I have seen."
Bookstar (8501 Fletcher Parkway, La Mesa 619-466-1688, as well as three
other locations). This is a large corporate-type bookstore with
mostly mainstream selection of all sorts of books and magazines.
Very usual retail prices, but has a huge selection of fiction and
science fiction, as well as big-colorful picture books and such.
Also has a large children's selection. [It's actually part of the
Barnes & Noble chain.]
Cook's Bookshop (3854 Fifth Ave, 619-296-3636). San Diego's cookbook
Esmerelda Books (1555 Camino Del Mar #307, Del Mar, 619-755-2707). New
books. Strong on literature and mystery. Frequent readings and
author events.
John Coles Bookshop (780 Prospect St, La Jolla, 619-454-4766). A La Jolla
institution! In a rambling house overlooking the ocean. Strong in
children's books, art, southwest, Mexico; some used, mostly new.
The Mysterious Galaxy (4679 Clairemont Square, 619-274-8408, FAX
619-274-6112). A masterful collection of horror, suspense, fantasy,
mystery, and SF. New books and collectibles. Heavy on autographed
works. Guest authors several times per month. Lots of seating (?),
for the readings done by the visiting authors. It's what happens
when three bookstore managers decide they can do a better job if
they owned their own store. Worth a visit, if your ever in San
Safari Out of Print Bookstore and Search Service (3311 Adams Ave,
619-584-4381). A huge bookstore with a dusty collection of all
sorts of books. "Have seen some very rare books here, sometimes
several copies of them. The fiction selection is large, but
limited in scope. A great place to browse out some new
territory, though, sitting on the dusty carpet and reading
whatever you discover."
Third Avenue News (335 Third Ave, Chula Vista, 619-422-1991).
Books, magazines, newspapers, comics, racing forms, Lotto.
13,000+ titles in stock; will special-order.
UCSD Bookstore (Univ CA San Diego). A very large store with plenty of
general-interest books.
Wahrenbrocks (on Broadway and about 7th). Look close, it's in the middle
of the block and narrow (but four floors of browsing space.)
Warwick's (7812 Girard, La Jolla, 619-454-0347). Large store with new books
plus stationery and office supplies. Strong on contemporary
fiction, travel, cookbooks.
White Rabbit (7755 Girard, La Jolla, 619-454-3518). One of the largest and
best children's book stores around!
Yellow Book Road (8315 La Mesa Blvd, La Mesa, 619-463-4900). Another large
children's store, this one servicing East San Diego County.
Subject: Comments
Sonia Sachs ( reports on the availability of
I have discovered a new and very thoughtful California travel
[subtitled A Series of Guides to The Foremost General Stock
Used and Out-of-Print Establishments in Los Angeles, Berkeley,
Seattle, San Francisco, San Diego, Portland, Sacramento &
Orange County]. This terrific little guide -- which is
actually a series of eight separate folio guides -- was
probably intended for visiting scholars and other bibliophiles,
but it will likely appeal to local residents as well because it
offers fresh views of well-known places. Four cities are
featured in the first series of guides -- Los Angeles, San
Francisco, Berkeley, and Seattle. A second series of four
guides -- due out later this year -- tours San Diego, Orange
County, Sacramento, and Portland, Oregon. Each guide begins
with introductory essays that expound, quite eloquently and at
some length, on the value of out-of-print bookstore browsing.
Readers are then offered tips on how to browse out-of-print
bookstores and simultaneously avoid big price tags. Would-be
hobbyists are shown how to develop and advance book
collections. Novice bibliophiles are given a glossary of terms
to explain different classifications of books -- rare, used,
out-of-print, first edition, etc. This is not just an ode to
bookstores. It is an ode to books. The travel aspect is the
guides' most exciting feature. Each guide contains an
insightful city essay and ten descriptive bookstore narratives
that go a long way toward situating the reader in the town he
or she is visiting. And who hasn't been looking for a new way
to explore a faraway city? Individually, these guides form a
strong argument that bookstore touring is the best way to learn
the physical and intellectual contours of any town. Taken
together, the guides are nothing less than a grand tour of
literary landmarks all along America's Pacific Coast. Maps, of
course, are included. The author of these guides is a West
Coast native and long-time bibliophile who is not affiliated
with any bookstore or bookstore association. Consequently, and
happily so, the narrative point-of-view is that of a bookbuyer
rather than a bookseller. In terms of style, each guide is
often as humorous as it is telling, and the author does not shy
away from pointed comments. "The Los Angeles metropolitan area
is surprisingly good used book store territory," begins the
city essay for the Los Angeles guide. "Admittedly, there is a
glut of shops that tend to feature first editions of Eddie
Fisher's autobiography, but sequestered between all these
hackneyed enterprises are some very reputable bookstores." The
guides, which read like booklets with a map as centerpiece,
sell for $6.00 each. For more information, write Browsing The
Best Publications, Box 7263, Berkeley, California 94707-0263,
Evelyn C. Leeper | +1 908 957 2070 | /
Evelyn C. Leeper | +1 908 957 2070 |
"The Internet is already an information superhighway, except that ... it is
driving a car through a blizzard without windshield wipers or lights, and all
the road signs are written upside down and backwards."--Mike Royko (not Dave
Bulletin for 1 July 1994
Prepared by John Bullitt (
* Asterisks denote recent changes in this file.
This file is available via DharmaNet (96:903/1) and FidoNet (1:322/750)
by file-request using the "magic name" BOOKNEWS, or via the Internet by
sending a message to "". It is also available for
download at Access to Insight BBS (508/433-5847) and BODY DHARMA ONLINE
We've put together a draft of guidelines for transcribers and proofreaders.
You can either download it from here (SCRIBE.TXT) or order it via the
Internet by sending a message to "".
This bulletin summarizes the current status of DharmaNet's Dharma Book
Transcription Project.
Begun in 1993, the aim of this project is to make available, in
electronic form, free Dharma books, some of which may have previously
been printed elsewhere. Once an author grants DharmaNet permission to
transcribe and redistribute their book, we invite anyone from our pool
of volunteers to begin transcription. The book is then proofread,
formatted for the electronic medium, and relased onto the DharmaNet
File Distribution Network. From there the book travels freely, far and
wide, to Fidonet, Internet, and beyond...
In order to respect copyright, we will only consider the following
materials for addition to the DharmaNet library:
1. Books which, on the publisher's information page, explicitly
give permission to copy and redistribute on a dana basis
2. Books for which the author and/or publisher has given explicit
permission for transcription and free redistribution on DharmaNet.
====================== NEWS FROM HERE =========================
Currently about a dozen volunteers are at work transcribing books for
this project. If you would like to join in, please let me know!
============== TITLES AWAITING TRANSCRIPTION =================
The following books are awaiting transcription. Permission from the
authors/publishers has been granted to distribute these titles on
If you are interested in volunteering to transcribe any of these
titles, please let me know.
* A Happy Married Life: a Buddhist Perspective (Dr. K. Sri Dhammananda)
* A Young People's Life of the Buddha (Bhikkhu Silacara)
* The Life of Buddha for Young People (Ven. Ananda Maitreya)
The Way It Is (Ven. Ajahn Sumedho)
Books by Ven. Visuddhacara (Malaysian Buddhist Meditation Society):
Loving and Dying
Drinking Tea, Living Life
Curbing Anger, Spreading Love
Amaravati Buddhist Monastery:
All back issues of the "Forest Sangha Newsletter"
Buddhist Publication Society -- "Wheel" publications. These are small
booklets, between 20-100 pages in length.
Wheel #2: Vedanta & Buddhism (Helmuth von Glasenapp)
Wheel #48/49: Discourse of the Snake Simile (Nyanaponika Thera)
Wheel #162: Facets of Buddhist Thought (KN Jayatilleke)
Wheel #170: Mudita: Four Essays
Buddhist Publication Society -- "Bodhi Leaf" publications. These are tiny
pocket-sized booklets, seldom longer than 30 pages.
Bodhi Leaf #102. Bhikkhu Tissa Dispels some doubts (Leonard Price)
Other titles:
Directions for Insight (K. Khao-suan-luang)vvv These two go together; vvvv
To the Last Breath (Ajahn Maha Boowa) ^^^ they're bound in the same book.^
"Directing to Self-penetration", by Kor Khao-suan-luang, Bo Thai, tr.
"A Heart Released: The teachings of Phra Ajaan Mun Bhuridatta Thera"
"Buddho", by Phra Ajaan Thate Desaransi. Thanissaro Bhikkhu, tr.
"Steps Along the Path", by Phra Ajaan Thate Desaransi. Thanissaro, tr
============== TRANSCRIPTIONS IN PROGRESS =================
Mark Blackstad (
Here and Now -- Ven. Ayya Khema
John Bullitt (
* "Things as They Are", by Ven. Acariya Maha Boowa. Thanissaro Bh.,tr.
Bob Daniel (
Wheel #6: The Four Sublime States (Nyanaponika Thera)
Myra I Fox (96:605/1)

Barry Kapke (
Bodhinyana -- Ajahn Chah
Little Dust in our Eyes -- Ayya Khema
Pat Lapensee (
Wheel #16: Buddhism & Christianity (Helmuth von Glasenapp)
Wheel #51: Taming the Mind (PTS)
Wheel #259: Nourishing the Roots (Bhikkhu Bodhi)
Bodhi Leaf #36: Renunciation (Prince)
Bodhi Leaf #87: Buddhism as a Practical Teaching (Seneviratne)
Bodhi Leaf #92: Radical Buddhism (Price)
Steven McPeak (

Raj Mendis, Bhavana Society (
BPS Wheel #346/348. Buddhist Perspectives on the Ecocrisis
BPS Wheel #370/371. Satipatthana Vipassana (Ven Mahasi Sayadaw)
BPS Wheel #17. Three Cardinal Discourses by the Buddha (Nanamoli, tr)
BPS Wheel #282/284. Going for Refuge & Taking the Precepts (Bodhi)
Sabine Miller (
Wheel #280: The Position of Women in Buddhism (Dr (Mrs) LS Dewaraja)
Maureen Riordan (
* "The Dhamma Teaching of Acariya Maha Boowa in London". Bh.
Pannyavado, tr.
David Savage (
* "Looking Inward", by Kor Khao-suan-luang. Thanissaro Bhikkhu, tr.
Wheel #21: The Removal of Distracting Thoughts (Soma Thera)
Wheel #27: Going Forth: A Call to Buddhist Monkhood (Sumana Samanera)
Wheel #90: The Life of Sariputta (Nyanaponika Thera)
Wheel #102: Buddhist Reflections on Death (VF Gunaratna)
Wheel #206: Lay Buddhist Practice (Bhikkhu Khantipalo)
"Basic Themes", by Ajaan Lee Dhammadaro, Thanissaro Bh., tr.
"Food for Thought", by Ajaan Lee Dhammadaro. Thanissaro Bhikkhu, tr.
Ken Staub (
"Compassion and the Individual" (The Dalai Lama)
"The Global Community and the Need for Universal Responsibility"
(The Dalai Lama)
Shelly Warwick (
Bodhi Leaf #123. Radical Therapy (Lily de Silva)
========== FINAL PROOFING AND/OR FORMATTING ============================
The following books are in the final proofreading and formatting
stages and should be released soon.
David Savage (
A Taste of Freedom -- Ajahn Chah
Shelli Meyers (
Be an Island Unto Yourself -- Ayya Khema [10.13.xx]
Thanissaro Bhikkhu (c/o
* "Reading the Mind", by Kor Khao-suan-luang
John Bullitt (
* Bodhi Leaf #96: To the Cemetery and Back (Price)
Bodhi Leaf #71: The Taste of Freedom (Bodhi)
* "The Autobiography of Phra Ajaan Lee". Thanissaro Bhikkhu, tr.
The Craft of the Heart (Ajaan Lee; Thanissaro Bh., tr.) [10.14.xx]
============== TITLES RELEASED =================
The following books have been transcribed and are now available for
download, file-request, or ftpmail from here and other DharmaNet File
Library sites:
ALLOFUS.ZIP All of Us (Ayya Khema)
ASOKA.ZIP That the True Dhamma Might Last a Long Time: Readings
Selected by King Asoka (Thanissaro Bhikkhu)
BBESSAYS.ZIP BPS Newsletter cover essays (Nos.1-25, 1985-1993; Bhikkhu Bodhi)
BODHI014.ZIP Bodhi Leaf #14: Pride & Conceit (Ashby)
BODHI034.ZIP Bodhi Leaf #34. Protection through Satipatthana (Nyanaponika)
BODHI042.ZIP Bodhi Leaf #42. Buddhism: A method of mind training (Bullen)
BODHI095.ZIP Bodhi Leaf #95: Meditating on No-Self (Sister Khema)
BODHI115.ZIP Bodhi Leaf #115. Anapana Sati (Ariyadhamma)
BODHI111.ZIP Bodhi Leaf #B111. Our Real Home (Ajahn Chah)
BODHI122.ZIP Bodhi Leaf #122. To Light a Fire (Ven. Webu Sayadaw)
DL_PEACE.ZIP A Human Approach to World Peace (HH the Dalai Lama)
FRAMES.ZIP Frames of Reference (Ajaan Lee; Thanissaro Bh., tr)
GOODFOOD.ZIP Food for the Heart -- Ajahn Chah [10.02.02]
INMIND.ZIP Keeping the Breath in Mind (Ajaan Lee; Thanissaro Bh., tr)
LIVING.ZIP Living Dhamma -- Ajahn Chah [10.02.02]
STRENGTH.ZIP Inner Strength (Ajaan Lee; Thanissaro Bhikkhu, tr.)
STRAIGHT.ZIP Straight From the Heart (Ajaan Maha Boowa; Thanissaro Bh. tr)
TRUEWORD.ZIP Words of Truth: A Prayer for Peace in Tibet (The Dalai Lama)
VINAYA.ZIP The Buddhist Monastic Code: The Patimokkha Training Rules
Translated and Explained (Thanissaro Bhikkhu). Complete
text of this 500+ page comprehensive modern commentary.
WHEEL007.ZIP Wheel Publication #7. Practice of Loving-kindness (Nanamoli)
WHEEL008.ZIP Wheel Publication #8. Kalama Sutta (Soma Thera, tr)
WHEEL014.ZIP Wheel Publication #14. Everyman's Ethics (Narada)
WHEEL019.ZIP Wheel Publication #19. Foundations of Mindfulness (Nyanasatta)
WHEEL026.ZIP Wheel Publication #26. The Five Hindrances (Nyanaponika)
WHEEL061.ZIP Wheel Publication #61/62. The Simile of the Cloth & The
Discourse on Effacement (Nyanaponika Thera, tr)
WHEEL065.ZIP Wheel Publication #65/66. The Way of Wisdom (Edward Conze)
WHEEL083.ZIP Wheel Publication #83/84. With Robes and Bowl (Khantipalo)
* WHEEL121.ZIP Wheel Publication #121: Power of Mindfulness (Nyanaponika Thera)
WHEEL292.ZIP Wheel Publication #292/293. Buddhist Women at time of Buddha
WHEEL337.ZIP Wheel Publication #337/338. One foot in the World (de Silva)
WHEEL349.ZIP Wheel Publication #349/350. Inspiration from Enlightened Nuns
(Susan Elbaum Jootla)
====================== UNDER CONSIDERATION =====================
The following titles are under consideration. We will be seeking
permission to transcribe and redistribute these titles.
If you have any to add to this list, please let me know!
BPS "Wheel" titles:
#15. Dependent Origination (Paticca Samuppada), by Piyadassi Thera
#18. Devotion in Buddhism: Three Essays
#20. The Three Signata: Anicca, dukkha, anatta
#33. Advice to Rahula: Four discourses of the Buddha.
#54 The Mirror of the Dhamma (Narada Mahathera, Kassapa Thera)
#73. The Blessings of Pindapata, by Bh. Khantipalo
#130-31. The Buddhist Monk's Discipline, by Bh. Khantipalo.
#226. Buddhism and Sex, by M. O'C. Walshe
#234-36. The Miracle of Being Awake, by Thich Nhat Hanh
#243-44. Forest Meditations, by Bh. Khantipalo
#261. Buddhism and Death, by M. O'C. Walshe
#263-34. Maha Moggallana, by Hellmuth Necker
#268. On the No-self characteristic, Dr. K.N.G Mendis
#271-72. Bag of Bones, by Bh. Khantipalo
#294-5.The Buddhist Layman: Four essays
#351. The Jhanas, by Bhante Gunaratana
#365-6. Metta: Philos & Practice of Univ. Love, Acariya
#367-9. Dana: The Practice of giving, by Bhikkhu Bodhi
Other books:
Buddhism in a Nutshell, by Narada. [Recommended by Bhante
Light of Asia, by Sir Edwin Arnold
Young People's Life of the Buddha, by Bh. Silacara [Recommended by
Bhante Gunaratana]
Barbara Pierce, Editor
Published in inkprint, Braille, on talking-book disc,
and cassette by
National Office
1800 Johnson Street
Baltimore, Maryland 21230
Letters to the President, address changes,
subscription requests, orders for NFB literature,
articles for the Monitor, and letters to the Editor
should be sent to the National Office.
Monitor subscriptions cost the Federation about twenty-five
dollars per year. Members are invited, and non-members are
requested, to cover the subscription cost. Donations should be
made payable to National Federation of the Blind and sent to:
National Federation of the Blind
1800 Johnson Street
Baltimore, Maryland 21230
by Kenneth Jernigan
by James Gashel
by Homer Page
by Sheila Hall-Ritchhart
by Stephen Laughrey
by Lauren L. Eckery
by Michael Gosse
by Annie Capestany
by Kathy Berry
Copyright 1994 National Federation of the Blind
[LEAD PHOTO: Dr. Jernigan and Franois Bentz shake hands as Dr.
Jernigan hands check to Mr. Bentz. David Blyth stands on Dr.
Jernigan's left; the Louis Braille home is in the background.
CAPTION: On Wednesday, May 18, 1994, Dr. and Mrs. Jernigan
visited Louis Braille's birthplace in Coupvray, France. Shown
here, Dr. Jernigan presents a check for $10,000 to Mr. Franois
Bentz, the Mayor of Coupvray, while David Blyth, President of the
World Blind Union, participates in the ceremony.]
[PHOTO #1: Dr. Jernigan stands next to a monument which is topped by a bust of
Louis Braille. Dr. Jernigan's hand on a carving of Louis Braille (as a boy)
and his father which is on the front of the statue. CAPTION: Kenneth Jernigan
examines the statue of Louis Braille on the outskirts of Coupvray, France.]
[PHOTO #2: Dr. Jernigan and Marcel Herb stand talking to each other, next to
Louis Braille's home. CAPTION: Marcel Herb, President of the French Federation
of the Blind, talks with Kenneth Jernigan during a visit to the Louis Braille
home, May 17, 1994.]
[PHOTO #3: Dr. Jernigan shakes hands with the architect, with the Louis
Braille home in the background. CAPTION: Kenneth Jernigan shakes hands with
the architect who is drawing the plans and supervising the renovation at the
Louis Braille home.]
[PHOTO #4: Dr. Jernigan stands inside the Louis Braille home, next to a
painting and a bust of Louis Braille. CAPTION: Inside the room adjoining the
saddle shop at the Louis Braille home. A picture of Louis Braille hangs on the
wall and directly underneath is a bust of Louis Braille.]
[PHOTO #5: Dr Jernigan stands in the stairway. CAPTION: The stairway at Louis
Braille's home.]
[PHOTO #6: Dr. Jernigan stands with his hand on a wooden plaque with metal
studs which spell out "Louis Braille" in print and Braille. CAPTION: A print
and Braille plaque inside the Louis Braille home.]
[PHOTO #7: Dr. Jernigan stands next to a wooden workbench with his hands on
wooden tools. A shadow box display of various tools used in the saddle maker's
trade hangs in the background. CAPTION: Kenneth Jernigan examines the hinged
boards used in the saddle maker's trade to hold the leather while it is being
sewed and worked. The leather is placed between the boards, and the ends of
the boards are gripped between the saddle maker's knees to apply pressure and
keep the leather in place.]
[PHOTO #8: Dr. Jernigan sits at the saddle maker's bench and Franois Bentz
hands him a small sharp tool. The museum curator looks on over Dr. Jernigan's
shoulder. CAPTION: Franois Bentz, the Mayor of Coupvray, hands Kenneth
Jernigan a tool of the type that blinded Louis Braille.]
[PHOTO/CAPTION #9: Standing in the doorway of the Louis Braille home: from
left to right, Rodolfo Cattani of Italy, Vice President of the WBU; David
Blyth of Australia, President of the WBU; Pedro Zurita of Spain, Secretary
General of the World Blind Union; and Kenneth Jernigan.]
[PHOTO/CAPTION #10: Boats on the Seine River]
by Kenneth Jernigan
The French have a well-known proverb: The more things
change, the more they stay the same. I thought of that proverb on
Tuesday, May 17, 1994, when I went to the birthplace of Louis
Braille (1809-1852) in Coupvray, France, and read the guide book
provided to visitors. It says on page nine:
"At the age of thirteen Louis Braille began his research
with a view to designing an alphabet based on a cell of six
raised dots. The system was enthusiastically acclaimed by the
pupils but was rejected by the teachers (1826). Being sighted
themselves, they refused to countenance a form of writing which
they could not read."
In reading that passage I was, of course, mindful of the
fact that not all teachers are chauvinistic nor all students
enthusiastic, but the parallel between the 1820's in France and
the 1990's in the United States is remarkable and noteworthy. The
road to Braille literacy for the blind has been long and, in more
than one sense, bumpy--and the end is not yet discernible. If we
do our work well, it can probably be reached some time early in
the next century.
My trip to Coupvray was part of the effort which the
National Federation of the Blind is making to try to help repair
and restore the Louis Braille birthplace and museum. Mrs.
Jernigan and I left Dulles Airport Sunday evening, May 15, and
arrived in Paris the next morning. That afternoon we met with
Marcel Herb, President of the French Federation of the Blind;
Rodolfo Cattani of Italy, Vice President of the World Blind
Union; and Franois Bentz, the mayor of Coupvray. Mr. Bentz is a
no-nonsense fellow, who attended college in the United States and
speaks fluent English. I believe he operates a factory for the
making of blue jeans and engages in other enterprises. He made it
clear that he wants the Louis Braille birthplace thoroughly
restored and that he is prepared to take a leading part in
getting it done.
Earlier this year at the meeting of the World Blind Union
Executive Committee in Melbourne, Australia, we were told that
architectural studies had been made and that approximately
$110,000 would be needed to do a thorough job of repairing and
renovating the Louis Braille home. As Monitor readers know, I
pledged on behalf of the National Federation of the Blind to try
to raise half of the needed money. When I returned to the United
States, the Board of the NFB agreed to undertake the project.
At the May 16 meeting Mr. Bentz said that the actual
estimates would be closer to $170,000 than $110,000 but that his
plan might not require more than $26,000 from us. Here is how he
outlined it: $26,000 from the Town of Coupvray; another $26,000
from Coupvray, which it would receive back as a tax refund;
$26,000 from us; $70,000 from a French governmental authority;
and the remaining $22,000 from another governmental authority. He
said that appropriate applications were underway and that he felt
that the work of repair and renovation should not begin until a
response had been received from the governmental authorities. "If
we start the work before getting a commitment from them," he
said, "they will think we don't need the government money, and
there will be no chance of getting it."
When I told him that the National Federation of the Blind
was prepared to make an immediate contribution of $10,000 to show
that we were serious and meant business, he was delighted and
responded with a proposal that underscores his good judgment and
understanding of politics and public relations. He suggested that
officials of the World Blind Union, leaders of the French
Federation of the Blind, and I go to the Louis Braille birthplace
on Wednesday afternoon, where the $10,000 check would be
presented in a public ceremony. Pictures would be taken;
journalists would be present; and an article would be written
saying that if the blind of America could give money to restore
Braille's birthplace (and not only give the money but come all
the way to France to bring it), surely the French government
could be forthcoming. This is exactly what we did, but there were
intervening activities and meetings.
On Tuesday, May 17, the leaders of the French Federation,
Dr. Cattani, Mrs. Jernigan, and I drove to Coupvray to inspect
Louis Braille's birthplace. I examined the house in great detail,
from the third floor area to the wine barrel in the cellar, and I
talked at length with the architect to see what was planned, and
why. Here is a summary of what I learned:
Let me begin by saying that I went to Coupvray with a number
of misconceptions. I don't know why, but I had thought the Louis
Braille home was made of wood and that it was probably about to
fall down. It isn't. It is made of stone. The first floor of one
part of the house (the workshop and the entry room adjoining it)
is made of concrete. The second and third floors are wood. The
interior walls are stone with no paneling on them.
The house, which was built sometime in the latter part of
the 1700's, is basically in sound condition. However, certain
things need to be done. The roof is made of clay tiles. Some of
these have deteriorated, and others are missing. Water is coming
through. Where necessary, the roof must be re-tiled. There is
leakage around the base of the chimney, which must be repaired.
Below ground, the walls and foundation must have a layer of
waterproofing material; and above ground, plastering and repair
must be done as required. Original exterior shutters have been
replaced by more modern ones. There is nothing wrong with these
modern shutters, but a return to the original style will be made.
Inside the house the walls must be thoroughly dried,
scraped, and painted, and the doors and windows must also be
painted and refurbished. Originally the structure was two houses
with a common interior wall. As I understand it, the two houses
had, by the time of Louis Braille, become one by means of a door
cut through the common wall at the third-floor stair landing.
This creates a hazardous situation since the step through the
wall does not open directly onto a level area but another
stairway, one that is steep and narrow. It would be easy to lose
your balance and go tumbling. In fact, I had to reach around the
corner to find footing as I stepped through the doorway. This
situation must be remedied with a slight alteration and the
addition of a step.
As to other inside repairs, all stairways will be removed,
reinforced, and then reinstalled. There is a fairly good-sized
hole in the floor of one of the rooms at the third floor level,
and there may be other less obvious damage. All floors must be
examined and, where needed, repaired. At the first floor level,
the entry room and adjoining workshop (the one used by Louis
Braille's father, who was a saddle and harness maker) were
originally floored with brick. Later, the bricks were removed and
replaced with concrete. It is planned to remove the concrete and
replace it with brick.
I was as thorough and careful as I knew how to be, and of
course I was moved by the spirit of the place. I sat in a chair
with a leather strap seat by the workbench in the saddle shop and
felt the worn surface. I looked at the tools of the saddle
maker's trade and held in my hands an awl (or curved narrow
blade) of the type that blinded Louis Braille in that very room
at that very bench. I reached into the stone oven in the kitchen,
which is part of the living room. I touched the table and chairs-
-not, I suppose, the originals but certainly of the type and
period of the originals. I went to the cellar and looked at the
accoutrements of wine making--particularly, the huge barrel and
old wine bottles.
As I went through the house and communed with the essence of
the place, I thought of Louis Braille's letters to his family
when he was living in Paris:
"Paris, 10th September, 1847
Dear Mother,
I do so long to see you. Staying in the big town
bores me and I shall be happy to breathe the air of our
countryside and to wander with you through the
vineyards. . . ."
"Paris, 15th November, 1848
Dear Mother,
I was happy to note that the weather was fine for
the grape harvest, as fine as one could wish for, but
today the sun is very pale. The cold season has begun
and we have to stay indoors. As for me, I do not go out
and while the Parisians were receiving snow on their
heads as they went to the Feast of the Constitution, I
was content to listen to the cannon from my well-heated
"Paris, 5th October, 1851
My dear nephew, my dear niece,
I have just sent off to you by train a small box
of jujubes. I hope it will keep you safe from the colds
which the winter season will bring you. . . . I have
just spent three days in Coupvray and have now returned
[to Paris], not to leave it again before next summer. .
For Louis Braille there was no next summer since he was to
die three months after he wrote this letter--January 6, 1852.
The visit to Louis Braille's home and the reading of his
letters caused me to wonder what he thought as he was growing up
and how he felt, but it also caused me to think about my own
childhood and how I felt and thought. It strengthened my
determination to do all I can to preserve and continue the Louis
Braille heritage, for except for him I might still be living as a
virtual prisoner on the farm where I grew up in Tennessee,
hungering to know and longing for freedom. Instead, I escaped to
a broader world of books and achievement, to a life of
opportunity and hope, and to a distant day in France when I stood
at the birthplace of my benefactor and reached across the years
to a common bond. Yes, the home of Louis Braille will survive.
The blind of today will make it happen, and the blind of future
generations will keep the commitment.
David Blyth of Australia, President of the World Blind
Union; Pedro Zurita of Spain, Secretary General of the World
Blind Union; and Pierre Paul Blanger of the Canadian National
Institute for the Blind, who came as a representative of Dr.
Euclid Herie, arrived in Paris late Tuesday afternoon, May 17.
They, along with those of us who had gone to Coupvray the day
before, met on Wednesday morning with officials of the French
government who deal with museums. Mr. Herb had previously been
given assurances that help would be available from the department
responsible for museums, but from the outset of our meeting it
was clear that we would get pleasant speeches and little else.
The officials said that there were only about 31 national museums
in France and that there was no possibility that the Louis
Braille birthplace could be added to the list. They said that
there were two other kinds of museums: those that are run by
local government authorities, and those that are run by
associations. They said that the Louis Braille Museum could fit
into either category but that regardless of category they could
give no help with repair and renovation. As I saw it, they were
saying that they might give help in finding new objects for the
Louis Braille Museum, but not until repairs were made and money
was available for ongoing upkeep--and that they might help with
ongoing upkeep but not until more objects had been collected.
Mr. Herb was outraged and told them so--and David Blyth, who
is capable of succinct (one might almost say sparse)
communication, said: "There is no point in continuing this
meeting. We should not waste your time or ours." With that and
Mr. Herb's remarks we left. Let me make it clear that this
discussion with the museum officials had nothing to do with the
government assistance that the mayor of Coupvray is seeking, and
thinks he can get. Let me also say at this point that Mr. Herb
publicly and unequivocally pledged that the French Federation of
the Blind would make sizable financial contributions to help with
the work.
On Wednesday afternoon our expanded company boarded a mini-
bus and headed once more for Coupvray. At the Louis Braille
birthplace we met the mayor, and I presented NFB's check for
$10,000. It was done amid the flashing of cameras and the
scribbling of journalists. I have not seen the article, but I
suspect that Mr. Bentz will guide it to fulsome nature and wide
In any event, when the deed was done, we headed for the town
hall, where the mayor served up champagne and toasts. He is a
suitable leader for his town, which is located about forty miles
southeast of Paris and has been designated a historic district.
The houses and public buildings (even those of more modern
vintage) are of the style and appearance of the early 1800s.
Everywhere there are stone walls, tile roofs, and a flavor of the
The only thing left to say about the visit to France is that
it was pleasant as well as productive. Mr. and Mrs. Herb and
Madame Yvonne Torres, Mr. Herb's charming and capable assistant,
were excellent hosts. On Tuesday we went for lunch to a
restaurant in the Meaux area, where Meaux mustard and Brie cheese
abound. There were also other enjoyable experiences, but I will
leave it at that.
On Thursday morning, May 19, Mrs. Jernigan and I headed for
London, where we talked with officials of the Royal National
Institute for the Blind. It is good to go abroad to work on a
constructive project, but it is even better to come home to help
bring the project to completion.
The task before us is clear cut and doable. As I have said
before, in the Monitor and on Presidential Releases, those who
want to participate in this project should make checks payable to
the National Federation of the Blind and send them to the
National Federation of the Blind, 1800 Johnson Street, Baltimore,
Maryland 21230. Such contributions should not be made by reducing
other contributions which would have been made to the Federation.
Our ongoing work must continue. Contributions may be made by
check or credit card, and there should be an indication that the
money is for the repair of the Louis Braille birthplace.
The job will require effort. Maybe we will need to raise
only $26,000--maybe the entire $55,000. Maybe more. Whatever sums
are needed, we the blind, along with our sighted friends and
colleagues, will see that Louis Braille's home is fully restored
and given its proper place among the museums of the world and the
historic places of humanity. We can, and we will. Let nobody
doubt it.
[PHOTO/CAPTION: Louis Braille's birthplace]
[PHOTO: Dr. Jernigan stands beside the wooden workbench with a display of
saddle maker's tools in the background. CAPTION: The workbench and tools in
the saddle shop at Louis Braille's home]
From Kenneth Jernigan: In the accompanying article I have
told you about my visit to Louis Braille's birthplace in
Coupvray, France. I thought you might like to have additional
information, so here are excerpts from the guidebook given to
It is obviously impossible to do justice to a life as
exceptional as that of Louis Braille in the few pages of a
booklet; the many souvenirs and testimonials contained in his
home could in themselves provide the material for more than one
The purpose of these few lines is to be for some people a
reminder of a visit both moving and enriching--and for those who
are not yet acquainted with Louis Braille and Coupvray, an
encouragement to visit here.
The village of Coupvray is situated on the slopes of a
grassy hill set between the Brie region of France and that of the
Champagne province. In spite of the proximity of the Marne
Valley, it retains even today . . . the character of a rural
village. One may still see the small brown-tiled roofs, the
farmyards, the farmhouses and a village green surrounded by trees
where are clustered together St. Pierre Church (where Louis
Braille was christened on January 8, 1809), the village hall, and
the monument by tienne Leroux set up in 1887 and topped by a
bust of the inventor of the alphabet for the blind. The body of
Louis Braille rested in the village cemetery till 1952. On his
tomb can be seen a casket in which the remains of his hands are
preserved--those hands which were the first in the world to
finger the raised dots of the Braille alphabet. All around is
still open country. High above is the farm of the chteau. Here
and there amid the gardens and orchards, small grassy paths
meander across the hillside. And, on the lower slopes, is an old
wash-house with wooden posts and mossy tiles where the clear
waters of the Frminette flow swiftly by, gently murmuring.
The Braille family home is in the lower part of Coupvray at
the end of a small street which in the past went by the name of
Knoll Street. . . . It is a large solid house, built in the
latter half of the 18th century and restored at various times
since then. The Braille family also owned several farm buildings
in the yard and on the opposite side of the street. A marble
tablet was affixed in 1952 to the wall of the house facing the
yard. The text, in French and English, reads:
In this house
on January 4, 1809 was born
Louis Braille
inventor of writing
in raised dots
for use of the blind.
He opened the doors of
knowledge to those
who cannot see.
This room is really the heart of the house, both by reason
of the memories it evokes and on account of the very well-
preserved Briard-style architecture. On entering, we find
ourselves in the warm, cozy atmosphere of the homes of
yesteryear. Here in this one living room, Simon-Ren Braille, the
saddler, lived with his whole family: his wife Monique and their
four children─Monique-Catherine, Louis-Simon, Marie-Cline, and
their youngest, Louis. It is here that are gathered together all
the essentials of daily living.
Under the mantelpiece:
The fireplace with its fireback bearing the arms of
France, dated 1659.
The bread oven built of small tiles. Its arch fits under
the winding staircase. It used to be heated by burning dry vine
shoots. Then after the embers had been pushed back, pies and
loaves were placed in the oven.
The cheese recess. The warmth of the oven enabled the
successful processing of the renowned Brie cheese to be carried
out; this was later further "refined" in the cellar.
The door into the loft [or upstairs]. This stands between
the alcove and the bread oven. In the past the term "granary" was
used--where the grain would be stored.
The alcove is very typical of the Brie region--oak-framed,
adorned with roundels and ears of corn; the latter are symbols of
the Brie region.
To the left, as you enter:
The sink. The Briards used to call it "the washer." It is
a large flat stone, slightly concave, where the wooden pail was
set down. [By means of a hole in the bottom], the water drained
away through the wall straight into the yard.
The stove-setter. This consisted of crossed wooden slats
on which frying pans and sauce pans were hung. A recess above the
sink provided storage space for jugs, pots, and other utensils.
Also of note in this room are: the oak beams on the ceiling;
the doors of the 18th-century wardrobe; the "maie" or bread bin,
in which the loaves were stored; the warming pan used to warm the
bed; the oak table; the gun; the lantern; the cross; and, above
the door leading to the [upstairs], the portrait of Louis
Braille--the only photograph of the celebrated inventor.
For over a century the Braille family carried on the craft
of saddler from father to son. Louis Braille's grandfather, Simon
Braille, had settled in Coupvray early in the 18th century. He
had taken over his father-in-law's business which was already
established in the village in the 17th century.
Some of the equipment and furniture used by the Brailles in
their craft may be seen in this workshop:
The wooden workbench, much worn from long use; the typical
chair with its seat consisting of crossed leathern thongs.
The horse collar block. This enabled the saddler to shape
the collar to fit the horse's neck.
The sewing clamp, which the saddler gripped tightly
between his knees to hold the leather firm.
The branding iron. Heated, the iron was used to brand the
owner's initials on the horse's rump.
The saddler's tools: paring knives, awls, tool for
stuffing, moulds, etc.
On the walls of the room:
A grape harvester's basket. Simon-Ren Braille owned some
vines in Coupvray.
The Accident. A painting by Andr Harfort.
Here we come to the tragedy which cost young Louis Braille
his sight. In 1812, he is a happy little three-year old. He loves
to come and watch his father handle those mysterious tools laid
out on the work bench. Mysterious and attractive. One day, taking
advantage of his parents' absence, he seizes a [tool] and tries
to cut a piece of leather, but his small hands are clumsy. The
leather is tough. Suddenly, the blade slips and penetrates the
child's eye. Nothing can arrest the infection which sets in, and
the other eye becomes infected. At the age of five, Louis Braille
[becomes totally blind].
When we speak of Louis Braille's work, we should not forget
two men who, in one way or another, were his forerunners. The
first is Valentin Hay. In the 18th century this philanthropist
had founded a school for the blind and invented an embossed
alphabet for them. If Louis Braille was able to enter a special
school in 1819, it was thanks to the pioneering work of Valentin
Hay. The second is Charles Barbier de la Serre, a captain in the
artillery [during the Napoleonic Wars]. He had found a way to
communicate with his brother officers at night by means of a
system of raised dots. The pupils at the . . . Royal Institution
for the Young Blind . . . tried out this "Sonography," which took
no account of spelling and, in addition, was most complicated. At
the age of thirteen Louis Braille began his research with a view
to designing an alphabet based on a cell of six raised dots. This
system was enthusiastically acclaimed by the pupils but was
rejected by the teachers (1826). Being sighted themselves, they
refused to countenance a form of writing which they could not
read. It was not till 1844 that, at the inauguration of some new
buildings in the Boulevard des Invalides, the governors at last
recognized the undeniable value of the system. Since then
Braille, adapted to many of the languages of the world, has
become for the blind a universal written language.
In the room which is devoted to Louis Braille's work,
various pieces of equipment and documents have been assembled,
showing the birth of raised dot writing, its development and use.
Barbier rule (1819)
Barbier slate with wooden frame (end of 19th century)
Slate with removable frame (end of 19th century)
Raphigraph device invented by Braille and Foucault, making
it possible for the shape of normal handwriting to be reproduced
by means of a succession of raised dots. Braille used this method
to write to his family.
Braille writer [the Hall writer] manufactured in Chicago
(beginning of 20th century).
Books written in linear relief following Valentin Hay's
Elements of Spanish Grammar, for the blind, by M. Guilli
Manual of Ancient History (1841)
Several books written in French and other languages, printed
in Braille, books for educational or cultural use, are shown
here. Among other titles, attention is drawn to:
The Imitation of Christ, one of the first books published
in raised dots (1849)
The Constitution of the United States of Brazil (1946)
Gifts and Distinctions received by the Louis Braille Museum:
Open Book in bronze, gift of Argentina (1948)
Commemorative Medal, struck by the Paris Mint to mark the
occasion of the transfer of the remains of Louis Braille to the
Panthon (1952)
Book of Gold, gift of the town of Chicago (1952)
Louis Braille. Sculpture by Raika (1954)
Louis Braille. Miniature on ivory by Lucienne Filippi
First a pupil and later a teacher at the Royal Institution
for the Young Blind in Paris, Louis Braille always remained
deeply attached to his native village. Letters written in
"raphigraphy," preserved by the family Lecouvey-Braille are proof
of the interest he always took in his family and friends in
When, weakened by illness, he was forced to rest for long
periods of time, it is here that he sought the impossible cure.
He had one of the rooms of the family home, facing the street and
with a fireplace, prepared for his own use. In this room where,
close to his family, he lived out some months of respite, some
touching mementoes have been assembled.
Arithmetic prize awarded to Louis Braille and bearing the
signature of Pignier, the principal of the Royal Institution.
Some dominoes from a set he once possessed.
Marie-Thrse Marniesse, born 1828, daughter of Marie-
Cline Braille. Painted portrait.
Silver tumbler bearing the arms of old Paris, initialled
F.G. (Franois Gronon, Louis Braille's foster sister).
Decorated plates from the home of Louis-Simon Braille
(middle of 19th century).
Family Group of the Marniesse and Maurice families.
Photograph (end of 19th century).
Clock with wooden column casing, Braille family (middle of
19th century).
Documents from the village archives:
Document appointing Simon-Ren Braille as inspector of
taxes for year 13 [1804-05].
Passport (for travel in the interior of the kingdom) in
the name of Monique Baron, wife of [Louis Braille's father].
Roll of pupils of the primary school of Coupvray. "10 -
BRAILLE Louis" (November 23, 1818).
Transfer of Louis Braille's body to Coupvray. Notice
issued by the Paris Prfecture Headquarters (January 9, 1852). .
From this house, a real witness in stone, we are able to
recreate the daily life of a 19th-century village. There is a
strong emotional bond between Louis Braille, his family, and
Coupvray. Ties were forged with inhabitants of the little market
town. Childhood ties: Louis went to the village school; his two
sisters, Monique-Catherine and Marie-Cline, married two of the
local boys─Jean Franois Caron and Louis-Franois Marniesse.
Civic ties: Ren, the father, was appointed several times to
posts of local authority. Ties due to shared experiences:
together they endured the war, the Russian occupation. Religious
ties: Louis's christening, the various feasts of the Christian
liturgy: Christmas, Easter, the Assumption, and, of course, St.
Peter's (the local patronal festival). The bonds of tradition,
too: the evenings 'round the fireside at the homes of friends and
In order to bring to life anew these vanished village
activities and old customs, the Louis Braille Museum presents--in
four distinct exhibitions--a variety of objects, documents,
pictures, and articles of furniture, revealing clearly another
way of life.
The attic (the old granary store):
Childhood: games, books, clothing.
Religion: religious articles, books, pictures.
Marriage: a bridal bouquet, the jewel case.
Dress: the dress of a young girl of the Brie region, caps,
Furnishings: the dresser, the bread bin.
Tableware: china, glasses, pots.
Household goods: irons.
Pictures: portraits, colored pictures sold by traveling
History: the monks of Saint-Maur, the Rohan family,
Cardinal Collier, the lectern.
The loft:
Agricultural work: field work, harvesting.
Women's work: laundry, butter making, making straw mats
for Brie cheeses.
Memorabilia: the trunk, railings of Braille monument,
15th-century door, spiral staircase, the bed warmer.
The cellar:
The wood pile: axes, pruning knives, wood-splitting
Cooperage: various tools for manufacturing and marking
The vines: field work, planting, care of the vineyard.
Grape harvesting, picking grapes: carrying baskets, wine
press tools, casks, taps, old bottles.
After the death of Louis Braille and his direct heirs, the
house became the property of the Maurice, Marniesse, and Braille
families─his nieces and nephew─who administered the property
jointly until 1878. At that time Mr. Toupet bought the house
which overlooked the courtyard and in 1889 the Baudin family
purchased the one facing onto the street. From 1898, the whole
became the property of the Crapart family. The Braille home was
sold on March 29, 1952, to the association "The Friends of Louis
Braille," which was represented by Mr. Pierre Henri Monnet, the
Mayor of Coupvray; it was then fitted up as a museum and opened
to the public. With a view to acquiring for it the status of a
municipal museum under government control, the association
decided to donate all its assets to the Parish, recommending that
the museum should be administered by an international
organization (November 23, 1956). The Deed of Covenant setting
out the agreement between the W.C.W.B. (World Council for the
Welfare of the Blind) and Coupvray was signed on July 27, 1957.
Since that time the World Council for the Welfare of the
Blind (now the World Blind Union) has proudly devoted itself to
caring for this shrine which the blind of the whole world value
as the birthplace of their benefactor.
From the Editor: Material of all kinds comes across the desk
of the Braille Monitor Editor. But this week I read two articles
within a two-hour period that, taken together, make the case for
Braille more powerfully than anything I have yet seen or written.
The pieces came from totally different sources, but the authors
have a number of things in common. Both are working women--
single, educated, committed to helping other people. Both live in
the Midwest and were educated in regular schools. One, however,
was taught Braille early and with wise insistence that she use it
in her classes and at home. Her parents expected her to read well
and did all the things that good parents do to encourage
effective reading skills in their youngsters. The other was
forced to use print even when it was slow and painful. The cost
academically and personally was immense. Not until she lost the
remainder of her sight as an adult was she able to learn the
Braille that she depends upon today and that could have made all
the difference to her in school.
Mary Hartle lives in Iowa, though she grew up in Minnesota.
The article reprinted here first appeared in the Spring/Summer
issue of Future Reflections, the publication of the National
Organization of Parents of Blind Children, a division of the
National Federation of the Blind.
Jana Schroeder lives in Ohio. She was a 1984 NFB scholarship
winner, and she has served as President of the National
Federation of the Blind of the Miami Valley. She submitted her
essay on the value of Braille to a Braille-writing contest
conducted by the NFB of Ohio this past winter. Contest entries
were to be written on this topic using a slate and stylus, and
the winner was to receive a Braille 'n Speak 640. Jana's six-page
essay was done in flawless Braille code and without a single
slate error. It was the winning entry in the adult category.
Viewed together, these two short autobiographies provide a
powerful illustration in support of our contention that Braille
is a vital tool for anyone who can't read print easily but who
wishes to succeed in life. Here is Mary Hartle's article:
The Value of Learning Braille as a Child
by Mary Hartle
Although visually impaired, I attended regular school in the
1950's and 1960's. I attended a parochial school in Minneapolis
and was the only child with a vision impairment. I was taught to
read print and progressed through the grades along with other
children my age. No effort was ever made to teach me Braille.
But, in retrospect, I wish I had been taught Braille as a small
Although I could read standard print, I could not read it as
fast as sighted students could. My grades ranged from a few B's
to several C's, and some D's. (My brothers and sisters got A's
and B's.) I was tracked into the lowest-ability group in junior
high, although I was promoted to the middle group halfway through
both the seventh and eighth grades. I could not read as much
material as others could and thus had to spend more time on
homework. I also had to hold books much closer to my face. Due to
prolonged periods of bending over to read books at close range, I
developed posture problems which, to this day, require
chiropractic treatment.
Learning became difficult and painful rather than joyful and
exciting. As reading and learning became more difficult, I came
to feel less intelligent. I began to feel shame and thus had more
difficulty concentrating on learning. I became more anxious
because of my increased difficulty. This was manifested in my
struggles with arithmetic in fifth grade. I can still recall my
extreme frustration and tears as I attempted to do my homework
with my family's tutorial help.
As a child I read fewer books than my classmates, especially
novels, although I did read magazines and a few quick-read books.
I also had, and still have, trouble spelling many words because I
was not able to see the letters within words correctly. For
instance, spelling double-consonant words has been particularly
difficult because my eyes did not focus normally when I first
learned to spell these words.
Since I did not use Braille as a child, I was truly
handicapped in my educational progress, and my self-confidence
was low because I was unable to read fluently at a normal speed.
I was embarrassed about both my slow reading speed and the fact
that I had to look closer in order to read. Had I learned Braille
earlier, I would have been able to read at a speed similar to
that of sighted students.
As I progressed through high school and college, the reading
requirements became much greater, and the size of the print
became much smaller. In college I avoided classes with heavy
reading demands, such as history and literature.
Over the past ten years I have lost the rest of my vision,
thus necessitating my learning Braille. I am not unique. Many
legally blind children with a little useful residual vision
become blind adults with little or no ability to read print.
Although I use Braille in my day-to-day life and on the job, I do
not read with the speed I could have, if I had learned Braille in
the primary grades. There is nothing shameful about reading
Braille or using any other non-visual technique. Today's blind
children deserve a better education and a better chance to
succeed in our highly competitive information age than I had. In
fact, the need to read as efficiently as possible is more crucial
today than ever before. Without Braille the chances of these
children's getting through high school, much less going beyond
it, will be minimal.
When I think of how much Braille would have enhanced my
education even though I could read standard print at the time, I
know how important Braille is for children today who can barely
read standard print or who rely on large print. School does not
have to be torture. I believe visually impaired children should
be given the opportunity to learn Braille if:
1. they cannot read print at speeds comparable to that of
their classmates;
2. they cannot hold reading material at a normal distance
from their eyes; or,
3. they cannot read print for long periods.
Braille is as effective a reading method as print is, and
blind and visually impaired children have the right to become as
literate as their sighted classmates.
That was Mary Hartle's description of growing up and being
educated without an efficient tool for reading and writing.
Contrast her experience with that of Jana Schroeder:
Braille is an Essential Part of My Life Because...
by Jana Schroeder
I was born with extremely limited vision to a family with no
prior experience of blindness. It was the early 1960's, and we
lived near Dayton, Ohio. Looking back, I recognize that I was
lucky to have been born in that place and time and into a
sensible, loving family. Without that fortunate combination of
factors, my life might have been very different.
My family did a lot of reading aloud. From my earliest days
I assumed that I would learn to read when I went to school, just
as my sighted brothers had.
I began my education in a public school that included a
resource room for blind students. These students were assigned to
a regular classroom where we spent most of our time, but we went
to the resource room for part of the day to learn the skills of
blindness. I understand that Dayton was one of the first cities
in Ohio with a public school program for blind children,
beginning in the 1950's.
In the first grade, when reading lessons began in earnest, I
was encouraged to read print. Various magnifiers were tried, but
the only thing that worked for me was to put my nose against the
paper and hope the print was big and dark enough. This worked
fine with first grade primers. However, I quickly read all the
big print picture books at the local library. My mom and I soon
discovered that in second- and third-level books the print
quickly diminished in size to the point where I could not
distinguish the letters.
My mother believed, like most sighted people (at least those
who are not blindness professionals), that blind people read
Braille. So sensibly, she insisted that I be taught Braille.
Fortunately, the resource room teachers agreed. I cannot be
certain that it would be as easy if I were in school today. I
believe that very few blind students in the Dayton area today are
taught Braille.
I had heard my mom and other adults read quickly and
fluently, and I assumed that I would read like that myself. I was
never told that Braille was slower or harder than reading print.
I simply accepted that I was learning to read with my fingers
while my sighted classmates learned to read with their eyes.
One of the best things about the school I attended was that
it had a Braille library. Never since then have I had access to a
library where I could browse to my heart's content. I took home a
different book almost every night. My favorites were biographies
and the Little House series by Laura Ingalls Wilder. On the
forty-five minute drive to and from school I would often read
aloud to Mom. She endured a lot of stumbling and mispronunciation
with patience and good humor. From those earliest days I received
a lot of praise from my parents, grandparents, and other people
for my reading and writing ability. I knew that I read as well as
or better than most of my classmates, and this knowledge helped
lay a solid foundation of self-esteem that has served me well in
the years since, when faced with new challenges.
In the fifth grade a significant challenge came along in the
form of the slate and stylus. By this time I was attending school
in my own district with an itinerant teacher who came to work
with me a couple of times a week. She told me that I needed to
learn to use the slate and stylus because I would soon be going
to junior high and I couldn't lug a heavy, noisy Brailler with me
from class to class.
I absolutely hated the slate. My e's and i's were inevitably
transposed, and I invariably put the paper in crooked. I pretty
much refused to practice, so my itinerant and classroom teachers
got together and decided that I would be required to take
spelling tests using the slate and stylus. I always did well on
my spelling tests, so I wasn't very happy with this new
development. Gradually, however, I didn't have to reverse each
letter consciously before writing it. My speed picked up, and my
diagonal lines became horizontal. Since then I have written
thousands of pages with the slate and stylus.
When I was in high school, closed circuit televisions began
to become affordable and popular. It was very exciting to be able
to read things that were only available in print, like the covers
of my record albums. I spent one whole summer reading a 500-page
novel that I could have read in about three days in Braille,
because that was what all my friends were reading.
I knew, however, that the CCTV was no substitute for
Braille. I'm almost glad that the CCTV was not available when I
was in first grade because I don't know if Braille would then
have been emphasized in my education. During my first two years
in college my sight gradually decreased to the light perception I
have today. Although I had to make some adjustments, already
having well-developed Braille skills helped immensely.
In high school nearly all of my textbooks, including
advanced math and French, were in Braille. In contrast, all of my
college texts were on tape. By this time, though, I was familiar
with spelling, punctuation, and the Braille literary and math
codes. I took copious notes while listening to the texts and
studied these at exam time rather than having to re-skim the
entire book.
I have read that ninety-one percent of employed blind people
know Braille. I am not at all surprised by this statistic. I am
only surprised that so few educators and counselors of the blind
seem to recognize the importance of Braille to employment. I
cannot imagine being competitive without Braille.
Today I direct the Dayton criminal justice program of the
American Friends Service Committee, a Quaker organization. My
activities range from leading workshops and presentations in
prison and the community to advocating for criminal justice
reform. I use Braille every day to keep track of phone numbers,
file away relevant statistics, make outlines for talks, draft
articles, and much more.
Like most non-profits, we have a very small staff in our
office. For the most part we do our own filing, typing, and
minute-taking. My independence is greatly enhanced by the use of
a scanner and other adaptive computer technology, but I don't
think it would be possible for me to do my job at all without
Braille. At meetings, workshops, and presentations I always have
my slate and stylus ready. Although prison officials sometimes
worry that my stylus could be turned into a weapon, I always have
my Braille notes with me and have given several impromptu Braille
lessons to interested prisoners.
Since those early days Braille has opened many doors for me.
Reading is a source of great pleasure as well as information and
education. Braille writing allows me not only to keep track of
personal information but also to articulate and craft my thoughts
into written communication that can be shared with others. I
cannot imagine my life without Braille.
I am currently studying to become certified as a Braille
transcriber and proofreader. I am deeply concerned by the lack of
Braille skills among the blind today and the shortage of
qualified Braille teachers, both for blind children and for
people who become blind later in life. Perhaps someday I will
have the opportunity to put my love of Braille to good use by
teaching others to read it.
[PHOTO: Sunny Emerson stands with microphone in her hand. CAPTION: Sunny
[PHOTO: Adam Emerson walks along dirt road with cane in hand. CAPTION: Adam
From the Editor: With the momentum growing to pass federal
and state legislation protecting the right of blind children to
learn Braille, Federationists increasingly find themselves
delivering testimony, preparing comments, and writing letters to
legislators in favor of Braille. This past spring it was the NFB
of Michigan's turn to argue the case before the House Education
Committee of the State Legislature. What follows is a sample of
the testimony presented on April 12, 1994:
My name is Dawn Neddo, and I am the parent of a blind six-
year-old son. I am also the President of the Parents of Blind
Children (POBC) of Michigan, a division of the National
Federation of the Blind. I get calls from concerned parents of
blind and visually impaired children all over our state,
reporting that education of their children is lacking in
blindness skills. The basic skill of an educated, successful
citizen is reading. The mode of reading that allows a blind
person to be independent and strive to be all that he or she can
be is Braille.
Everyone assumes that, if your child is legally blind, he or
she will be taught Braille. It would seem reasonable to most
people that the timetable for teaching reading to a blind child
would be the same as that for teaching any other child to read--
after all, Braille is to a blind child what print is to a sighted
My son has been enrolled in the early-intervention program
in our school district since he was nine months old. He has had a
visually impaired (V.I.) teacher/consultant for all that time. I
have been persistent in having him exposed to Braille just as
parents of sighted children expose them to print. But I must tell
you that it has been a frustrating struggle to get the V.I.
teachers to see legally blind students as children first.
When two-year-olds are recognizing the local K-Mart sign,
parents and educators of blind children need to be showing
Braille to the blind child so that they can develop the same
concepts as sighted children do, and at the same age as sighted
children do. When Sesame Street is showing print letters and
singing songs to preschoolers, we need to be showing those
letters to our blind children in Braille.
As an active member of my son's Individualized Education
Program (IEP) team, I have advocated for this concept of
educating him. I have not felt it unreasonable to expect his
teachers to think of my son as a child first and to consider his
blindness second. But this has not been true in many aspects of
his education.
My son entered a preschool head start program, with a V.I.
teacher two to three times a week, along with the general
education teacher and two general education aides. I thought that
after three years of pre-Braille we were finally going to get
going on letter recognition. I was wrong. I was told, "We don't
teach Braille to preschoolers. He is not ready to learn letters
yet." The V.I. teacher told me that, if I pushed him too fast, it
would be confusing and that Braille is taught on a different
timetable. I went along with this idea, trusting that my son
would be ready for kindergarten when the other children were. I
was wrong again.
My son entered kindergarten last fall in our school district
after I agreed to the IEP that I thought would finally bring his
education up to that of his sighted peers. Everyone agreed that
he was a normal child who happened to be blind and that Braille
instruction would finally begin.
My son entered school already behind his sighted peers, even
though he had been with a V.I. teacher since he was an infant. In
September he started school without having had any formal letter
recognition or even the ability to recognize his name in Braille,
let alone the capacity to Braille it on a Braillewriter. The V.I.
teacher introduced the first letters to my son along with the
other aspects of Braille such as tracking, finding the beginning
and ending of the line, and inserting push pins in the paper.
They worked on five letters, four of which were in his name. By
December the V.I. teacher was discouraged with his lack of
progress. By February she felt that he was still not ready to
learn Braille and that perhaps we were pushing him too hard.
I had taken an introductory Braille course and was familiar
with basic Braille. I started to work with my son at home on
letter recognition and writing his name in Braille on the
Braillewriter. We worked for two weeks, and then I attended one
of his Braille sessions. He correctly read eight letters and
Brailled his first name on the Braillewriter for his teacher. I
felt confident that we were not expecting too much from him, nor
were we pushing him too hard. He was very proud of his
accomplishments and demonstrated his reading and Braille skills
to family and friends. He finally felt he was doing the same
things in school as his peers.
The V.I. teacher still felt that my son was not learning
Braille fast enough and that it wouldn't hurt to have him
psychologically evaluated and get an I.Q. test done. Needless to
say, I was disappointed in the presumption that, when something
doesn't work, it must be the blind person's deficiency and never
the technique used. Since my son's report card does not reflect
any problems in learning and he knows all the letter sounds, I
will not subject him to a test that might mislabel him and once
again discriminate against the blind community.
I have made a commitment to my son that he will know all of
his Braille alphabet and numbers by the end of the summer.
(Braille numbers have not yet been taught, and therefore my son
knows no numbers at the end of kindergarten.) The blind adult
members of the National Federation of the Blind and I will have
to supplement his education through tutoring sessions they have
established throughout the year.
A blind man once said to me that the professionals' attitude
about teaching Braille to our blind children has been that it
will always be too soon to teach it, until finally it is too
late. I will not allow that to happen to my son, and I urge you
not to let it happen to any other legally blind child in the
state. I am committed to educating and empowering parents to
advocate for their children and to make sure our blind children
come out of the education system having the blindness skills to
succeed in life. Our attitudes about blindness and Braille need
to change. Blind people can be productive, independent, employed
citizens of our state if they are allowed to acquire the skills
they need and deserve.
We need this Braille bill now. It will give us a tool to
make sure no legally blind child is forgotten. It is for parents
that don't yet have the knowledge to recognize what lies ahead
for their children and their need to have Braille skills for
independence. Our blind children need this bill. I urge you not
to forget them.
Here is the testimony of parents of a teenage son. Sunny
Emerson is an active member of both the Michigan affiliate's
parents division and the National Organization of Parents of
Blind Children. Here is the Emersons' statement:
We are the parents of a fourteen-year-old son who is very
bright, healthy, and blind with partial vision. Although he had
to lie on the floor with his chin on his books to focus a
powerful reading aid on one eye, the educators certified to teach
blind students in the most affluent county in Michigan refused to
teach our son Braille. We pleaded, begged, and even cried to have
them instruct him in Braille and cane travel in a positive and
productive manner. The instruction we asked for did not cost any
more money; the teachers were already working with him. In fact,
it would have been less expensive than furnishing him with
stationary magnification equipment which did not meet his need,
which he did not use, and which would have separated him from the
rest of his class.
We need your help. We have four grown children and eight
grandchildren. We have had sickness, sadness, and the other
trials families go through. But nothing has been as difficult as
getting the appropriate education for our legally blind son--
mainly Braille and the other skills of blindness. We have never
before heard of educators refusing to instruct students in
subjects they were certified to teach. Many of Adam's regular
teachers had hobbies or talents which they were happy to pass on
to their students, but the teachers of the visually impaired
refused to teach our very competent son Braille.
You have it within your power to prevent other families from
going through this struggle to receive an appropriate education
for their blind children. You must put a stop to the fact that
only ten percent of blind students attending school know enough
Braille to do their class work. The only way this can be
accomplished is to present Braille right along with print, even
before preschool. Sighted children are exposed to print in their
daily lives as soon as they open their eyes and can focus. The
special educators working with our children from birth need to do
this for our blind children also. It will not cost the taxpayers
any more to educate our children properly.
We have talked with many other parents of blind children,
and they are having the same problems. Even totally blind
children have trouble receiving Braille instruction and are not
age-appropriate in their literacy skills. Much of this lag has to
do with the expectations of the educators working with them. Many
certified teachers of the visually impaired that worked with our
son had the manual with them and were learning Braille right
along with the student. Would this be acceptable practice for
those teaching French or math? I've spoken with a volunteer
Braille transcriber who was asked to teach our V.I. educators
Braille, and she was very disappointed in their commitment to
learn Braille.
Fortunately we had an opportunity to see for ourselves that
totally blind individuals with good Braille skills were able to
function better than many partially sighted people. Most parents
don't find this out until their children are out of school. The
education establishment will not tell them. Armed with this
knowledge, we were going to insist that our son learn Braille.
When we did, our superintendent of special education told us that
we could go to court, which is very expensive. This is
intimidating to parents who have only the home they have worked
for and are afraid they could lose trying to get the proper
reading and writing skills for their child.
Please pass House Bill 4497 so our children can have the
same opportunity to be literate as other students. This will be a
giant step forward in making our children independent, self-
supporting citizens. We will thank you, future parents of blind
children will thank you, and the taxpayers of the State of
Michigan and the nation will thank you.
Most sincerely,
Mrs. Sunny S. Emerson
Now here is the statement of Adam Emerson, the son of the
parents just quoted:
My name is Adam C. Emerson. I am currently a student and the
president of what will soon be the world's largest software
When I was in elementary school, I attended Roeper City and
Country School, which is in Oakland County. This is supposed to
be one of the best counties to go to school in, especially if you
have a disability, but the teachers absolutely refused to teach
me Braille. Instead they gave me $500 glasses which had a focal
length about as long as your nose, and a closed circuit TV. They
apparently forgot that the glasses of an elementary school
student last about one week before ending up full of scratches,
and if they get broken, it takes about twelve weeks to obtain a
replacement. A closed circuit television system (CCTV) is nice,
but it isn't practical. It has to sit in one place all the time.
In elementary school that isn't so bad, but when you start having
classes in different locations, it's impossible to get anything
done. My parents decided I needed to use Braille too, but the
teachers insisted that, since I had some vision, I use print
exclusively. My parents begged and pleaded but to no avail--the
teachers would not teach me Braille. Meanwhile, I was complaining
of an aching back and lying on the floor so I could read. And I
couldn't even read my own handwriting.
Then my parents found an organization called the NFB that
fought with the teachers for five years until finally Dorothy
Goldie decided to teach me Braille. This was wonderful, but I was
nine at the time and didn't really appreciate having to read
Three Ducks Went Waddling in Braille while reading books on
particle physics in print.
To sidetrack for a moment, cassette books are a wonderful
thing, but they are not a replacement for Braille. Cassettes are
better for reading a whole book all the way through, but in
school, when you have to read a specific page and answer some
questions, finding the right page will absolutely make you throw
your cassette player against the wall and use a jackhammer on it.
Besides, there is practically no way to do math using a cassette
book. When using Braille, you can read a problem, flip back to
get the method or whatever, and go back to the problem. You just
cannot do that with a cassette. No one learns spelling and
punctuation from a cassette, but you do when reading Braille. You
learn the same way as when you read print.
Many blind people who have even more powerful visual aids
than I had take two and a half times longer to do their work than
their sighted classmates, not because they can't do the work, but
because they don't know Braille. They strain their eyes trying to
make out a fuzzy blob on a page, get a headache, take a rest, and
do the next problem. All this could be solved if they knew
Even the glasses I am wearing now are no replacement for
Braille, though I can read from a normal distance with them. They
are more expensive, they take much longer to repair, and they are
much more easily broken than my others. If these break I can
either take a twelve-week vacation from my job or wear an old
pair of scratched-up glasses that were made for me when I was
For a visually impaired person, there is just no replacement
for Braille, which is why I am asking all of you to support H.B.
4497. Thank you.
Adam Emerson
Finally, here is the testimony of Kathleen Hilliker, the
mother of an eleven-year-old girl who has been denied sufficient
I am here today speaking on behalf of my eleven-year-old
daughter, Allison Hilliker, who is legally blind. She is a sixth-
grade student mainstreamed in a regular class in the Utica
(Macomb County) School District.
Allison, who was born with glaucoma, has been through more
than forty eye surgeries to lower her eye pressure. Without these
surgeries she would have become totally blind. In the past four
months she has gone through three more surgeries, missing a total
of thirty days of school.
She sees at close range and only out of her left eye.
Through her educational life she has been taught primarily by the
Macomb Intermediate School District, which coordinates the
conversion of her work to ink print large enough for her to see
and gives her some mobility to get around her school building.
She's very bright, usually getting all A's, but doing her
school work independently has definitely become more challenging
as each year goes by.
In the lower grades she did well keeping up. Of course, the
print was large, there wasn't page after page to read in each
subject, and her vision was slightly better. As she got older, we
requested Braille be taught, but the educators got to choose when
it was taught and how she would use it. It was presented as a
hard-to-learn secondary subject, like a foreign language. She was
never made to read it daily or do any work in it. When we
questioned these educators, they insisted she was progressing
adequately and continued to add more low-vision aids, like closed
circuit TV's, text on tape, two different kinds of telescopic
glasses, assistants for reading texts, and administration of
tests orally--all for her to continue doing her daily work in
print, not Braille. To this day, her textbooks in every subject
are provided in up to three media--large print, audio tapes, and
rarely Braille.
Sadly, each year we insisted at her IEP meeting that it was
not enough. We saw that, while the rest of her classmates grew
into more independent students, able to read and write on their
own, our daughter depended more and more on her vision teacher
and her classroom teacher's making hourly adjustments. Her
confusion and frustration grew at having to choose constantly
which medium to use for each subject. Instead of sharpening her
Braille skills and increasing her speed at reading and writing
Braille, she is still being made to do subjects like algebra,
geometry, and literature in a medium that is not compatible with
her extremely limited eyesight.
Allison's life has been an emotional roller coaster of
medical procedures and doctors' visits that constantly drain us
as we aggressively fight to save her vision. But dealing with her
medical condition is nothing compared to the emotional fight we
have had to go through to get her the basic literacy skills that
every child is entitled to. Why should we have to spend many
emotional hours begging educators to teach this crucial
independent skill to our blind children?
This fall, when Allison begins junior high, meeting her
classroom needs will be even more of a challenge. Without good
Braille skills she will be unable to compete. Whether she's an
all-A student or not, without age-appropriate reading skills, she
will not remain equal with her sighted peers. It already takes
her two to three times longer to complete tests or do homework.
Just last week my husband and I helped her read material in
an encyclopedia and other reference materials that she couldn't
see in order for her to do her science project and an Egyptian
hieroglyphic report. My husband had to enlarge each of her
geometric math problems to ten by six inches for her to be able
to see, since she has not been taught the Braille math code. I
read her a biography that needed to be completed in a week
because neither her classroom nor vision teacher cared to locate
one that she could independently read to herself in Braille. As
her parents we see that without Braille literacy skills she will
continue to need to have these many daily exceptions made for
her. But I ask you, what future employer will make all these
There is no place for negative attitudes about Braille in
our daughter's education, but they appear constantly, exhibited
by the very professionals whose task is to train her in the
skills she'll need to compete in the next century. Partially
blind students should not be forced to accept print as their
literacy medium in spite of eye strain and inefficiency, and as
parents we should not have to spend years fighting the
educational system to gain basic Braille literacy for our
children. Too many parents in this state are left ignorant
regarding the importance of Braille because they have trusted
sighted educators to understand and tell them what's best for
their blind or partially sighted children.
The passage of H. B. 4497 will give our blind children the
same privilege to be literate as each child reading print. By
supporting and passing this bill, you will help all blind
children of this state grasp the fundamental key to unlock their
equality and independence in the twenty-first century, not to
mention achieving future success.
Thank you,
David and Kathleen Hilliker
[PHOTO: Portrait. CAPTION: James Gashel]
by James Gashel
From the Editor: James Gashel is the Director of
Governmental Affairs for the National Federation of the Blind. He
is knowledgeable and experienced in dealing with the Randolph-
Sheppard Program and with issues of concern to vendors in
general. The following is his report on an important meeting that
took place this past spring:
The Randolph-Sheppard Act is the basic federal law which
requires that priority be given to blind persons in the operation
of vending facilities on federal property. Most states have
either laws or regulations on the books which extend the federal
mandate to state property and often to county and municipal
property as well. There are specific federal regulations for the
program under which the state vocational rehabilitation agency
serving the blind in each state is designated as a licensing
agency for the vendors. Two states-- Montana and Wyoming--do not
have licensing agencies and do not participate in the
Randolph-Sheppard program.
The federal law, which originally provided only a
"preference" for blind people in operating "vending stands," was
enacted in 1936. Amendments were passed in 1954 and again in
1974. The 1974 amendments were intended to lead to a significant
expansion of the program on federal property. The term "priority"
was chosen over "preference" to reflect an intent to place
opportunities for blind vendors ahead of others in selling
products on federal property. The term "vending stand" was
replaced by "vending facility," which also reflected an intent to
expand the program.
It has now been almost twenty years since the
Randolph-Sheppard Amendments of 1974 were enacted. You might say
that this represents a milestone in time if nothing else.
Certainly the passage of twenty years leads to some reflection on
the progress made. It also leads to a natural reassessment, a
kind of taking stock, and a desire to plan for the future. With
this in mind the National Council of State Agencies for the Blind
(NCSAB) decided to promote the idea of convening a national
Randolph-Sheppard conference.
The conference was not just promoted; it was actually held.
The meetings took place in Washington, D.C., from March 10
through March 13. Approximately 252 people attended. The
participants included a significant number of blind vendors from
the Merchants Division of the National Federation of the Blind; a
contingent from the American Council of the Blind (ACB)
Randolph-Sheppard Vendors of America; and other vendors who are
not involved (or involved to any great extent) in either
organization. Staff members (including several directors) from
many of the state licensing agencies for the Randolph-Sheppard
program also attended.
Perhaps the most significant outcome of this conference was
the fact that it occurred. Admittedly there were some rough
spots, but generally speaking those who attended did so in a
spirit of harmony and cooperation. It is fair to say that
everyone involved expressed a shared concern that, far from
expanding, the Randolph-Sheppard program was beginning to
experience serious long-term problems which could ultimately
threaten its viability. We also shared the view that legislation
to improve the Randolph-Sheppard Act itself is not needed at this
time. More consistent and strong leadership, especially from the
Federal government, is needed.
This point was made several times, but most dramatically
when Howard Moses, Acting Commissioner of the Rehabilitation
Services Administration (RSA), was responding to questions from
the group at the opening session. RSA is responsible for
administering the Randolph-Sheppard program at the federal level.
When he was asked what RSA would do to challenge possible
violations of the Randolph-Sheppard Act by the Department of
Veterans Affairs and other federal agencies, he immediately asked
an attorney from the Office of the General Counsel to respond.
The attorney proceeded to explain that every legal issue has more
than one side. She offered no assurance that RSA could bring
other federal agencies into compliance with the Randolph-Sheppard
Act merely on the strength of the law itself.
At this point I asked for the floor to address the group. I
said that the exchange which we had just witnessed illustrated
the problem. The question was this: what would RSA do to enforce
compliance with the Randolph-Sheppard Act by other agencies?
Immediately the acting commissioner referred the matter to the
general counsel, who in turn told us how difficult it all was. I
said that perhaps all of us, myself included, had emphasized
litigation far too much. As a result we have been tied down in
court case after court case for many years while opportunities
for blind vendors are slipping away.
Then I observed that it is time for real leadership on
behalf of blind vendors to be exercised by responsible officials
in the federal government. For example, the Secretary of
Education and ultimately the President of the United States both
have responsibility for the health and prosperity of the
Randolph-Sheppard program. RSA is one of the agencies in the
Department of Education. If the Secretary of Education or the
President cared enough about the blind vendor program, a phone
call by either of them to the secretary of any other federal
department could probably straighten out most compliance problems
in the blink of an eye.
I said that the fact that this is not happening is a failure
of political leadership. Therefore, we should look to political
solutions more than legal ones to strengthen the
Randolph-Sheppard program in the future. We cannot rely upon the
courts to interpret or apply the Randolph-Sheppard Act favorably
in all instances. Besides, recourse to litigation as a primary
program-building tool usually consumes far too much time, energy,
and expense. The audience responded enthusiastically to this
view, and the theme of stronger political leadership's being
needed was repeated throughout the weekend.
Other issues emerged throughout the conference. The process
for placing issues before the group included papers which were
circulated to most participants in advance of the trip to
Washington. The Friday afternoon and Saturday morning sessions
consisted of panel presentations to highlight some of the matters
raised in the papers as well as voicing other concerns. The
remainder of the day on Saturday was devoted to small group
meetings. By design each group included a mixture of state agency
representatives, blind vendors, and others involved in the
conference. The final meeting on Sunday morning brought the
entire group together once again to discuss priority issues
resulting from the smaller meetings.
While a great deal of unanimity was expressed on issues such
as the need for stronger political leadership, there were obvious
differences in emphasis on other issues and certainly on the
solutions. Some participants advocated the creation of a new
national coordinating agency to promote collective buying
arrangements and program activities. Those of us from the
Federation responded that such a plan would likely lead to more
bureaucracy and would divert resources. We pointed out that there
may be a danger in promoting such an idea since National
Industries for the Blind, which already coordinates federal
contracts with sheltered workshops, would likely be standing in
line to absorb the Randolph-Sheppard program. This outcome would
certainly not be desirable.
On another point most of the delegates from the American
Council of the Blind were strongly in favor of a plan to request
an annual appropriation of federal funds from the Congress to be
devoted specifically to the Randolph-Sheppard program. The figure
mentioned was something like $15 or $17 million. The counter-
view, which was expressed by many Federationists and others, was
that a direct federal appropriation might actually result in
reducing the support which the Randolph-Sheppard program already
receives from sources such as vocational rehabilitation and state
appropriations. We also pointed out that several no-cost issues
should be addressed before we tackled the question of funding.
The federal funding idea was not one which had emerged as a
priority from the small group process. Even so, the
representatives from the ACB demanded that a vote should be
taken. Up to this point we had been operating under the idea that
conference positions would pretty much depend upon group
consensus. All the same, a voting procedure had been agreed upon
in advance, and a vote was taken. The majority favored putting
the request for specific federal funds off for now. In a
deviation from the otherwise harmonious spirit of the meeting,
the outcome of this vote led to a small walk-out by the ACB
representatives who most ardently sought to have it their way on
the federal funding issue. Nevertheless the conference went
forward to a successful conclusion without them.
The paper reprinted below was especially prepared for this
conference by the National Federation of the Blind. Those of us
who are most directly and routinely involved in matters affecting
blind vendors gave considerable thought to selecting the ten top
priority issues which we would like to see addressed in order to
improve opportunities for blind vendors. In thinking about these
issues, we focused on the vendors, not the agencies. Clearly, in
addition to the issues presented in the paper, there may be some
concerns of a more generic or programmatic nature upon which both
the vendors and the agencies would likely agree. Our
responsibility in this conference, however, was to express the
views of the vendors, and that is exactly what we did.
It should not be surprising that the matters discussed below
were reflected to a very significant degree in the results of the
small group meetings and in other presentations. Clearly the
voice of the National Federation of the Blind had a powerful
impact on shaping the direction of this conference. To the credit
of those who may not share some of our views on other matters in
the blindness field, our views on the Randolph-Sheppard program
were heard and objectively considered.
The entire weekend, with perhaps the single exception of the
acrimony surrounding the small walk-out by ACB members, was
representative of a new atmosphere of respect for organized
consumers which is being felt increasingly in our field. Of
course this also speaks to our own growing strength as a movement
as much as it does to the changing reaction from others. So, with
the omission of our introductory remarks, here are the views of
the National Federation of the Blind on the Randolph-Sheppard
program, as submitted for consideration by the NCSAB Conference:
Randolph-Sheppard Issues
A Report Submitted By The National Federation of the Blind
To the National Council of State Agencies for the Blind
Randolph-Sheppard Conference Participants
DISCUSSION: Forced partnerships are situations in which two
or more blind vendors are placed in a co-manager relationship to
operate the same vending facility. State practices vary on this
point. However, relatively few states actually have formal
arrangements under which more than one vendor is assigned to a
vending facility. When this is done, the decision is normally
based on procedures which purport to analyze both the income
potential of the facility and workload requirements.
Forced partnerships are unacceptable to blind vendors. They
result in placing rather arbitrary limits on both actual and
potential income. By requiring partnerships, the state agency
places itself in the position of deciding how much income is
considered to be enough for a blind vendor. Exercising such
authority is fundamentally at odds with a business-oriented
philosophy and an entrepreneurial spirit. Forced partnerships
actually represent a social service or welfare mentality rather
than a business orientation.
RECOMMENDATIONS: Regulatory actions, both state and federal,
should be taken to prohibit forced partnerships. First, each
state licensing agency should adopt regulations which specify
that two or more blind vendors will not be placed in the same
vending facility. Second, the federal regulations should be
amended to require a no-forced-partnership policy as a condition
for approval of the state's application for designation as a
state licensing agency.
DISCUSSION: Reducing competition for blind vendors was
expressed as one of the principal goals of the 1974 amendments to
the Randolph-Sheppard Act. However, in the twenty years since the
amendments, very little progress has been made to address this
problem. In fact, state agencies themselves sometimes
deliberately decide to place two or more vending facilities at
one location without first carefully evaluating the competitive
impact caused by doing so. In other instances competition from
sources outside of the blind vending program is allowed to occur
because of program indifference and inaction.
Under the federal law the priority extends to blind persons,
not merely to state agencies. Therefore, when state agencies are
contemplating the establishment of more than one vending facility
within an individual location or installation, the extent to
which competition among these facilities may diminish the income
potential of each such facility must be evaluated. Income
potential must not be sacrificed. The priority for blind persons
to operate vending facilities is a valuable right. It translates
directly into business opportunities and income for blind
While the priority right for blind vendors may not be
exclusive in each instance, it should be interpreted as a "first
right of refusal" in every instance. When two or more facilities
operated by blind vendors exist at the same site, the standard
should be "no competition," meaning essentially that there is no
adverse effect on income caused by more than one facility. The same
standard should be applied to resist competition from non-blind
vending facilities which may be allowed to operate on the same
property. Competition from such facilities violates the blind
vendors' priority. Therefore, it must be vigorously resisted.
The so-called "break-even" policy, normally applied in the
United States Postal Service, is one of the most egregious forms
of unfair competition with blind vendors. The policy as exercised
by the Postal Service ordinarily prohibits operators of lunchroom
facilities (often consisting of vending machines) from making a
profit on the business. As a consequence of this policy, prices
are held below customary marketplace levels. Even if the break-
even policy is not applied to blind vendors, which is normally
the case, it has the obvious effect of limiting their income.
The income limits occur in two respects. First, blind
vendors faced with competition from break-even facilities are
forced to reduce their prices to a point which often threatens
the viability of the business itself. Second, vending machine
income is not available for distribution to blind vendors as a
deliberate consequence of the policy. The break-even policy is,
in fact, a means of subsidizing federal employees in a way which
circumvents the vending-machine income-sharing provisions of the
federal Randolph-Sheppard Act.
RECOMMENDATIONS: The federal regulations should be amended
to define the term "priority," including the use of a "no-
competition" standard. The standard should insure that the income
potential for blind vendors is not eroded by competition from
inside or outside the program. Policies designed to keep income
from vending machines below market levels should specifically be
prohibited by the federal regulations. State licensing agencies
and blind vendor committees should adopt no-competition standards
and apply them to facility-establishment decisions. State
agencies should also seek enforcement of existing regulations to
protect blind vendors against unlawful competition from outside
DISCUSSION: The Secretary of Education, through the
Rehabilitation Services Administration (RSA), has been given
responsibility for coordinating government-wide federal agency
compliance with the Randolph-Sheppard Act. Several provisions of
the 1974 amendments to the Act specify this role because Congress
found that lack of clear federal leadership and accountability
were a principal reason for declining opportunities. To remedy
this condition, the amended law applies the "lead agency" concept
and makes the Secretary of Education ultimately responsible for
implementing federal regulations with government-wide
Examples of the leadership role given to the Secretary and
RSA include the following: one or more vending facilities are to
be established on federal property unless the establishment or
operation of such facilities would adversely affect the interests
of the United States. RSA is expected to make annual surveys of
vending facility opportunities and to report the results to
affected agencies and organizations. Any limitation on the
placement or operation of a vending facility on federal property,
based on a finding that such placement or operation would
adversely affect the interests of the United States, must be
fully justified in writing to the Secretary of Education, who
shall determine whether the limitation is justified.
As the lead agency for Randolph-Sheppard implementation and
compliance, RSA is in a position to initiate and carry out an
active campaign to promote the program throughout the federal
government. If such an effort does exist, it is not apparent to
those who depend upon RSA's leadership. In fact, it appears that
the preeminent leadership role envisioned in the law for RSA has
been permitted to atrophy through ineptness or lack of exercise
over time. Contrary to the clear policy direction of the amended
law, RSA has continued a pattern of merely reacting to situations
as they arise. This posture is a major reason for the program's
downward trend.
It should be noted that RSA is not alone in the federal
government in failing to support the Randolph-Sheppard program.
The Department of Justice, which is supposed to provide legal
support and coordination, has typically weighed in on the side of
non-compliant federal agencies. In more than one instance the
Department of Justice has even argued before the courts that the
arbitration provisions of the Randolph-Sheppard Act may be
unconstitutional. There are also other instances, so numerous as
to form an unmistakable pattern, when the Justice Department's
legal advice and support given to agencies has been at odds with
programmatic and legal interpretations made by the Department of
Education and RSA.
RECOMMENDATIONS: The Secretary of Education, through RSA,
should pursue a proactive, rather than a reactive, strategy for
developing and enforcing the Randolph-Sheppard regulations. This
strategy should be initiated with an action plan consisting of
specific steps designed to reverse the trends of declining
facilities and blind vendor income. The plan should be developed
within a three-month time period. Provisions should be made for
participation by interested persons and organizations in the
process. Once adopted, the planned strategy should be publicly
announced and vigorously pursued. At a minimum the strategy
should include:
(a) strict enforcement of the prohibition on limitations
placed on vending facilities unless first justified to the
Secretary and approved or disapproved by the Secretary, including
aggressive initiation of proceedings by RSA;
(b) revisions to the program regulations which specifically
clarify the meaning of the priority required for blind vendors
and the way in which it is to be applied to achieve program
(c) a clear statement in the regulations that policies or
practices which limit income potential for blind vendors violate
the priority provisions of the Act;
(d) procedures for each federal property-managing agency and
each state licensing agency to follow in establishing goals and
timetables for program expansion both in the quality and number
of vending facilities available for operation by blind vendors;
(e) regular and systematic monitoring by RSA of federal and
state agency practices, including the routine issuance of legal
interpretation and policy guidance documents;
(f) improved coordination with the Department of Justice to
support the Department of Education's lead agency role, with
deference to be given to its programmatic and legal
interpretations; and
(g) plans for regular surveys of vending facility
opportunities and potential opportunities to be conducted by RSA
as required by the Randolph-Sheppard Act.
DISCUSSION: It is often said that effective implementation
of the Randolph-Sheppard Act on federal property depends upon the
formation of a partnership among Federal property-managing
agencies, state licensing agencies, and blind vendors themselves.
While the ultimate beneficiaries of the program may appear to be
the blind vendors, the affected agencies, both state and federal,
also derive substantial benefits from the program. Indeed, such
benefits were part of the original concept. State licensing
agencies are aided in accomplishing their broader mission of
placing blind people in productive jobs. Federal agencies receive
food, beverage, and other services which they must provide to
their employees in order to maintain morale and productivity.
With some notable exceptions most federal property-managing
agencies usually seem to acknowledge their role in the
Randolph-Sheppard partnership. They recognize the benefits that
accrue when federal space is provided for vending facilities to
be operated by blind people. However, the Department of Veterans
Affairs, which is seeking to condition opportunities for vending
facilities on payment of sales commissions, represents an extreme
form of non-cooperation with the Randolph-Sheppard program. The
commissions sought may be as high as twenty percent of gross
sales or more than half of a blind vendor's net proceeds. Some
other agencies have followed the practice of charging blind
vendors the flat rate of 1 percent of gross sales, which is said
to be a "utility charge."
The Randolph-Sheppard Act clearly specifies certain charges
for goods or services that may be assessed against the net
proceeds of a vendor. Sales commissions or any other charges for
vending facility space (including utilities) are not among the
costs to be born in whole or in part by blind vendors.
Unfortunately, most state licensing agencies, many blind vendors,
and RSA officials as well have acquiesced in permitting the
charges in the range of 1 percent, while the more outrageous
assessments such as sales commissions have usually been
Set-aside payments, allowed by law and assessed against net
vendor proceeds, can also become an inequity. The theory of set-
aside is that vendors derive direct benefits from the program, so
therefore they must pay for them. But other blind people who
receive services at substantial cost to the state are not
required to rebate the amount spent at some later date. The
greatest problem is that the vendors are, in effect, a captive
audience with a ready source of revenue to tap. Moreover, state
agencies are constantly faced with budget pressures. In all too
many instances the blind vendor program is not given high
priority by responsible officials at the highest levels in the
agency. When this happens, federal and state funds which could
legitimately be devoted to the program are diverted to other
Set-aside should be viewed as a tax. It is, in fact, a
double tax, for it is paid on top of a vendor's normal tax
obligation. In this respect the Randolph-Sheppard program is
unique, and blind vendors are uniquely vulnerable to the very
real possibility of excessive charges. For example, in the state
of North Carolina, half of each vendor's net income above $65,000
must be turned over to the state. This rate goes to sixty-five
percent charged on any net income above $91,000. The same vendors
are paying federal and state income taxes, plus additional
amounts of set-aside charged on their income below $65,000. The
combined effect of these taxes and set-aside charges is to place
an arbitrary ceiling on the income which a blind vendor may earn
in North Carolina.
RECOMMENDATIONS: The federal regulations should be amended
to specify that the priority for blind people to operate vending
facilities on federal property is based on the concept that the
space and services related to the normal maintenance of the
facilities are expected to be provided free of charge to support
the blind vendor program. State licensing agencies should resist
entering into contracts or permits which include any form of
assessment against blind vendor proceeds on the basis that such
assessments are not authorized by law. State licensing agencies
and vendors should develop plans to reduce or eliminate set-aside
payments whenever possible.
DISCUSSION: The law requires that a committee, fully
representative of the state's blind vendors, must be elected at
least biennially. Certain responsibilities are also specified for
the elected committee. The language of both the Act and the
regulations goes beyond the normal advisory concept which is used
to provide opportunities for consumer input in governmentally
sponsored programs. The clear language of the statute and
regulations seeks collaboration between vendors and agency
representatives in significant aspects of policy-making and
The regulations use the term "active participation" to
describe the committee/agency relationship. At the federal level
the concept of active participation has never been defined with
any degree of precision, however. To the extent that it has been
defined, RSA typically advises state agencies to insure that the
committee is involved at least to some degree in the areas of
policy development and administration specified by law. If the
agency does not adopt the course or courses of action recommended
by the committee, the committee should be so notified in writing
together with the reasons for making a contrary decision. This is
about the extent of RSA's advice.
RSA's interpretation of the committee/agency role is unduly
restrictive. It follows the notion that agencies must decide
important program matters after they have received input from
consumers. Congress chose the term "participation," rather than
"consultation," advisedly. Participation by the vendors in making
policy decisions which vitally affect their business
opportunities was considered to be essential for this particular
program. The standard of "participation," rather than
"consultation," is admittedly more stringent than the normal
advisory committee approach. Therefore, creative policies must be
used to foster significant opportunities for genuine
participation between committees and state agencies. This can
certainly be done without sacrificing agency accountability.
RECOMMENDATIONS: The federal regulations should be amended
to define the phrase "actively participate with," or "active
participation," as follows: "Active participation means an
ongoing process of negotiations between the state licensing
agency and the elected committee of blind vendors to achieve
joint planning and approval of policies, standards, and
procedures, prior to their implementation by the agency." This
definition should also be included in regulations adopted by each
state agency and blind vendor committee. The state regulations
should then be examined to insure that substantive opportunities
for active participation are clearly prescribed.
The federal regulations should also be amended to require
each state to submit a plan for active participation along with
its application for designation as a state licensing agency. At a
minimum the plan should express the agency's commitment to the
joint policy making and approval process described in the
definition and should identify the procedures to be used to
insure that active participation occurs. The plan should also
specify with some precision the areas of policy-making and
administration in which active participation will be used,
including areas such as development of the annual program budget
and recommendations for employment or dismissal of key personnel.
DISCUSSION: The Randolph-Sheppard regulations establish a
ceiling on the amount of vending machine income which may be
received by a blind vendor under the income-sharing provisions of
the Act. The ceiling is the average amount of net vendor proceeds
for all vendors in the U. S. during the previous year--the
national average--or the state average if higher than the
national average. Any income above the ceiling which would
otherwise be paid to a blind vendor is paid instead to the state
licensing agency. In circumstances in which there is no vending
facility operated by a blind vendor, state licensing agencies
receive all of the income that would otherwise be paid to a blind
The placement of a ceiling on any income paid to vendors is
fundamentally at odds with a business-oriented, entrepreneurial
program. The ceiling represents a judgment call as to how much
money a blind vendor should receive. It really doesn't matter
that in this instance the income in question is produced by
machines which compete with the blind vendor; the effect--the
limitation on net vendor proceeds--is still the same. If it is
justified for blind vendors to receive such income, which the law
says that it is, then there is no valid justification for
imposing a limitation merely because the amount of the income
seems too high.
RECOMMENDATION: The federal regulations should be amended to
remove the ceiling on the amount of vending machine income to be
paid to a blind vendor.
DISCUSSION: Cafeterias are included in the general
definition of "vending facility" used in the program. Even so,
the regulations create a distinction between vending facilities
that are not cafeterias and vending facilities that are.
Non-cafeteria facilities are normally secured by means of an
instrument referred to in the regulations as a "permit." The
terms of permits are directly negotiated between property-
managing agencies and state licensing agencies. A general format
is followed. Cafeterias, on the other hand, are normally but not
always secured by a contract. The contract is far more extensive
than the standard vending facility permit and is the type of
instrument used to secure the same service from a commercial food
service provider.
Blind vendors are to receive a priority for the operation of
cafeterias on federal property. However, the regulations provide
two options which may be used to determine cafeteria awards under
the priority. The first option, and the one generally applied, is
a standard bid-solicitation and award process. The second option
is direct negotiations between the federal and state agencies to
reach a negotiated award. By both logic and experience, we know
that the bid-solicitation option is demonstrably inconsistent
with the intended priority for blind vendors to operate
By their very nature bid solicitations involve competition.
When that occurs under normal procedures, it is virtually
impossible to determine whether the bid of a state licensing
agency received any meaningful competitive preference. Besides, a
competitive preference in the evaluation of proposals is not
necessarily the same as a priority or a "prior right," as
expressed in the legislative intent. Also, once contracts are
awarded, they are normally extended automatically for two
additional terms. Therefore, if a state licensing agency fails to
receive an award for a cafeteria pursuant to a competitive
solicitation, the opportunity can be lost for as long as fifteen
years. These conditions have proven to be major obstacles to the
establishment of a significant number of new opportunities for
blind people to operate cafeterias during the past twenty years.
RECOMMENDATIONS: The federal regulations should be amended to
apply the well-known permit procedures to cafeteria as well as
other vending facility awards. Just as in the case of other vending
facilities, the terms and conditions of permits for cafeterias
should be free from sales charges or any other required payments to
federal property-managing agencies. Direct negotiations, leading to
the terms of each specific permit, should be used for cafeterias.
Also each existing cafeteria contract with a commercial firm should
be subject to termination at the expiration of each term if direct
negotiations with a state licensing agency result in satisfactory
arrangements for a blind vendor to operate the cafeteria.
DISCUSSION: The 1974 amendments anticipated that the
requirements of the amended Act would be applied in a uniform
manner throughout the United States. The federal regulations
recognize this fact by obtaining each state's assurance that it
will cooperate with the Secretary in applying the requirements of
the Act in a uniform manner. The meaning and applicability of
this phrase is not defined or described. Therefore, most state
agencies have rather casually made the commitment without knowing
or planning how to follow through.
The conditions which may exist within each state for
implementing the Act are not necessarily identical. Therefore,
certain policies may not be entirely uniform. However, there are
certain minimum requirements which could be met by every state
agency. There is a need for RSA to issue clear instructions for
national distribution when problems in uniform application of the
Act are discovered. Several concerns come immediately to mind.
For example, initial stocks of merchandise should always be
provided without charge to the vendor, but there are at least a
few states which do not do so. Also, although training, upward
mobility, and continuing education programs are to be available
to vendors, very few states have done anything meaningful to
implement this requirement. As already noted, the extent of
substantive opportunities for participation by committees of
blind vendors is also quite variable.
RECOMMENDATIONS: RSA should implement a program of frequent
communications with state licensing agencies and blind vendors.
Circulation of a regular newsletter should be considered. In
addition, RSA should issue regular instructions to the state
agencies and blind vendor committees to assist them in applying
the requirements of the Act with as much uniformity as possible.
Information resulting from arbitration decisions and other
developments which have a potential impact on the program should
also be circulated promptly to the states and to blind vendor
committee representatives.
DISCUSSION: Lack of advocacy by state licensing agencies is
a principal and perennial complaint expressed by blind vendors.
The complaint is often, but not necessarily always, justified.
Because of the legal responsibilities specified in the law, the
licensing agencies are interposed between the vendors and
property managers. This position creates a situation which can be
somewhat delicate. The vendors are the principal clientele or
constituency of the state agency, yet in matters of conflict the
path of least resistance may seem to be to respond favorably to
the wishes of property managers. Disregarding the well-founded
views of vendors can lead agencies into a pattern of needless and
unproductive conflict with blind licensees. This will happen when
vendors lose trust in the agency and feel that it is not and does
not want to be their advocate.
RECOMMENDATION: State licensing agencies and blind vendors
should develop relationships of trust and mutual respect for the
rights and responsibilities of all parties in the
Randolph-Sheppard program. To achieve this goal, state licensing
agencies must not shrink from assuming an advocacy posture on
behalf of the vendors in appropriate circumstances. One such
circumstance certainly exists when a property-managing agency
commits acts that violate the rights of blind vendors and the
law. When this happens, the agency can earn the everlasting
respect of the vendors by coming to their aid in a time of need.
In fact, it is the state licensing agency's responsibility to do
so. Each state licensing agency should acknowledge this
responsibility in its program regulations and policies.
DISCUSSION: The Randolph-Sheppard regulations clearly
require that an opportunity for a full evidentiary hearing must
be provided to a blind vendor whenever the vendor's license is to
be suspended or revoked. It is somewhat surprising that this
rather unambiguous statement has been the subject of numerous
disputes, often to the point of litigation. The disputes normally
arise when vendors are summarily removed from vending facilities.
The removal is subject to challenge on the basis that there was
no opportunity for a hearing in advance.
An agency's only defense is to claim that the vendor's
license is still in effect. Vendors respond that the license is
not actually in effect at all because the opportunity to operate
a vending facility has been withdrawn. The license in the
Randolph-Sheppard program means essentially nothing if it does
not include an assignment to a vending facility, because the
Randolph-Sheppard license cannot be used in open commerce. In
this respect it is not the same as having an occupational or
professional license in some other form, such as a teaching
credential or a license to practice law or medicine. Unlike these
other situations, the state agency in the Randolph-Sheppard
program exclusively controls vending facility assignments. The
only way for it to prove that a vendor's license is still in
effect is to assign the vendor to a facility.
RECOMMENDATIONS: The federal regulations should be amended
to specify the circumstances in which a license is deemed to be
suspended or revoked. Involuntary removal of the vendor from any
particular vending facility assignment should be defined as the
suspension or revocation of the license. State licensing agencies
should also adopt regulations to implement this policy.
[PHOTO: Portrait. CAPTION: Dr. Homer Page.]
by Homer Page
Editor's Note: Dr. Homer Page is blind and for many years
has been a professor in the Department of Education at the
University of Colorado at Boulder. He is also Chairman of the
Boulder County Board of Commissioners and President of the
National Federation of the Blind of Colorado. At the 1993 meeting
of the National Association of Blind Educators he had good advice
for blind students planning to do student teaching. His remarks
were printed in the Spring/Summer 1994 issue of the Blind
Educator, the publication of the National Association of Blind
Educators. This is what he said:
I am very pleased to have a chance to speak to you on this
topic. Of course, the blind student teacher must have a good
knowledge of the subject which is to be taught, but equally
important is mastery of the skills of blindness. The blind
student teacher must be literate in Braille, quick with keyboard
skills, and experienced in the use of the long white cane. Since
sighted student teachers are expected to pick up a list of
student names on the first day and read them quickly, the blind
student teacher must have the skills to do the same. For most of
us who do not see or do not see very well, Braille skills are a
requirement. When closed circuit TV or very enlarged materials
must be used, so much energy is consumed in decoding the print
that the teacher inevitably loses contact with the students.
Braille is the solution for such a teacher.
Always remember, classroom management is essential. The
blind student teacher must be assertive. The teacher manages
everything in the educational process. It is absolutely necessary
that the blind student teacher do everything required of the
sighted teachers. If the blind teacher gets by with not doing
something, a mark will almost certainly be placed in the record
showing that this teacher cannot perform required tasks. Never
let an on-site teacher or friend talk you out of completing a
requirement. In fact, it would be better to do more than other
students are doing. The blind student teacher must have a lot of
pre-student teaching experience. Take advantage of opportunities
such as observations, internships, summer camps, and other
experiences which build confidence. Make sure that the faculty of
the Department of Education are aware of these pre-teaching
A lot of students tell me that they would love to teach
because math, English, history, . . . is the field in which they
have knowledge. The reality is that, in most schools and
universities today, classroom management is every bit as
important as subject knowledge. If a teacher does not have the
management skills, he or she should choose another career. If the
teacher cannot keep the students under control, it simply does
not matter how much the teacher knows. Not only will the teacher
not last, but he or she will be miserable while trying to teach.
My definition of hell is trying to instruct students who are not
learning. These days an educator must have the skills to handle
students with a variety of unique needs. The talent of dealing
with individual needs is developed by working with a variety of
students in different settings. One cannot learn all these skills
while trying to student teach.
I use an important word when talking to student teachers; it
is "presence." By this I mean that the teacher has the talent to
tell students what to do and have them do it. As a professor in a
Department of Education, I have supervised hundreds of student
teachers, most of whom were not blind. Their major problem was
that they could not control the people they were expected to
educate. Many student teachers appear to be teaching on their
heels when they need to be instructing on their toes. The teacher
must sit or stand tall, leaning forward and truly engaging with
everything and everyone in the area. Careful listening is a
necessary skill.
One of the hardest techniques for new teachers to learn is
to encompass the entire environment in their attention, rather
than one or two students. If the teacher's full attention is on
one or two students or one portion of the class, he or she has
lost. Everyone and everything must be in the teacher's
consciousness. This skill is not easy to learn. I have read
estimates that it takes five years to learn to engage completely
with the class. Blind educators must learn these skills for all
the usual reasons, but it is also true that students are
perfectly happy to take advantage of the teacher's blindness. If
the blind teacher does not recognize this truth, I don't believe
he or she is long for this profession. Blind educators must hear
and engage all the students simultaneously. This ability only
comes with a lot of practice. I recommend that you get it before
you begin student teaching. Schools always want speakers on
blindness, so take advantage of these opportunities to take over
a class and deal with students. Do not forget internships,
observation, and off-campus experience. And always remember that
magic word, "engagement."
It is also very important to be organized. When the blind
teacher goes into a classroom, the lesson must be planned, and he
or she must have prepared all the necessary materials and know
where they are. A teacher can't be hunting for things or
wondering what comes next or what the sequence is. If the student
teacher is not well organized, the students will be gone. Being
organized is part of having the presence of a real teacher.
I always tell my student teachers, be they sighted or blind,
to get the list of students and learn their names before meeting
them for the first time. If a teacher does not know names, the
students can really get out of control. Have a relationship with
each student; take the time to learn something about each one and
remember it.
You have probably heard these ideas before; however, it is
very easy for the blind student teacher not to have realized that
extra effort before student teaching would make all the
difference. Learning to deal with a variety of activities in the
environment, with the layout of the school, and with the building
plan for fire drills--all these take planning and practice. The
bottom line is that blind student teachers must obtain the same
results as their sighted peers. How blind teachers learn about
the environment is not important. What is crucial is that we
accomplish the same goals as all other teachers.
The first day of student teaching the teacher must feel at
home in the classroom. That means a lot of preparation ahead of
time and being aggressive and assertive. Make the lesson plan for
the first day the best one of the whole year. Remember to start
in control. It is very hard to recover from a poor start. When
any student teacher loses control, the supervising teacher must
take over. This happens all the time, but if the student teacher
happens to be blind, the supervisor is all too likely to conclude
that this student cannot teach. He or she may well communicate
these reservations about the blind student teacher's ability to
the education faculty, who are still too often just waiting for
such a report. The next thing you know, the blind student teacher
has not obtained a credential.
By taking heed of this scenario, the blind student teacher
can take the necessary measures to earn a place at the top of the
class in a Department of Education. So remember these things:
1) know the skills of blindness before beginning student
2) be assertive in university education classes,
3) be prepared,
4) sit in the front row and be smart,
5) let everybody get to know the blind student teacher and
observe the alternative teaching skills of blindness in
6) get pre-student-teaching experience,
7) get to know the school and the supervising teacher, and
8) know where everything is kept in the classroom, know the
students, and have an excellent lesson plan.
In your heart be in control and believe that you have a
great deal to give each student. If the blind student teacher
follows this plan, he or she should have an enjoyable student-
teaching experience.
From the Editor: At the Second U.S./Canada Conference on
Technology for the Blind, which took place last fall at the
National Center for the Blind, there was a good deal of
discussion of the problems involved in operating access
technology for the blind with computer systems using one of the
graphical user interface (GUI) operating systems. (See the
January, 1994, issue of the Braille Monitor for a full report of
the conference.) One of the speakers was Curtis Chong, President
of the National Federation of the Blind in Computer Science, who
raised his concern that the GUI threat to the jobs and futures of
blind employees is so serious as to require a genuine effort
throughout the industry to solve the access problems and allow
blind computer-users to operate the software being developed
using the GUI. Comments received since publication of the
conference proceedings suggest that most people agree with Mr.
Chong's concern, but not all. The following is a letter Curtis
Chong received by E-mail from a Federationist who works for IBM
and is himself a gifted programmer and experienced computer user.
Here is Christopher Chaltain's letter, followed by Curtis Chong's
response and a letter to Curtis from Peggy Elliott (Second Vice
President of the National Federation of the Blind), who happened
to see the exchange of correspondence:
From: Christopher J. Chaltain
To: Curtis Chong
Subject: Comments about your remarks at the technology conference
Dear Curtis,
In the Braille Monitor I read the comments you made at the
meeting of the Joint Committee on Technology held at the National
Center in 1993. I have some critical comments on your
presentation and other remarks you made at the meeting.
First, you stated that IBM first demonstrated Screen
Reader/2 at the 1992 National Convention held in Charlotte, North
Carolina. Actually, Jim Thatcher demonstrated a prototype of
Screen Reader/2 in 1990 at the national convention held in
Dallas. Furthermore, in 1991 in New Orleans IBM was demonstrating
a version of Screen Reader/2 for version 1.3 of OS/2. This
version was also available on a limited basis to IBM customers.
What was unique about the demonstration in Charlotte was that it
marked the general availability of Screen Reader/2, which ran on
OS/2 2.0 and provided support for MS Windows applications.
Second, you implied that Microsoft's interest in making MS
Windows accessible began with the passage of the Americans with
Disabilities ACT (ADA). Unfortunately, the structure of your
presentation also had you referring to IBM in the surrounding
comments, which could lead the listeners to infer that IBM's
efforts were also a result of ADA. As you know, this is not the
case. Besides the dates mentioned in my previous paragraph, I
have been aware of Jim's efforts to make OS/2 accessible to the
blind since 1988, and I believe he started earlier than that.
This shows that IBM's interest in making OS/2 accessible predates
the passage of ADA. The accessibility of OS/2 by the blind is
more a result of Jim Thatcher's drive and efforts than any other
single cause. Third, when the subject of the American Printing
House for the Blind's (APH) producing a tape to instruct the
blind on using the graphical user interface (GUI) came up, you
recommended that the target system should be a Macintosh with
OutSpoken, since that is the only graphical user interface
accessible to the blind. I have never used a Macintosh running
OutSpoken, but I cannot imagine that it is more accessible than
an OS/2 machine running Screen Reader/2. I have been using OS/2
and Screen Reader/2 exclusively since the first month of 1991.
Not only has this allowed me to advance in my career, but it has
made me a more efficient and productive employee.
Finally, the overall tone of your remarks was negative and
pessimistic regarding the blind's use of the graphical user
interface. I, on the other hand, am optimistic and encouraged by
the work done by IBM, Berkeley Systems, and others. There is a
reason that the graphical user interface is becoming so popular
among our sighted colleagues, and those very same reasons make it
an exciting opportunity for the blind computer user. As I stated
above, I am a more efficient and productive computer user because
of my access to a GUI. Furthermore, I have access to applications
I never could have accessed under DOS like the desktop publishing
software, FrameMaker for Windows. Under DOS this WYSIWYG
application would have been totally graphical and inaccessible to
the blind user.
Obviously the blind user faces some challenges with the
graphical user interface. It is not as intuitive for the blind
user as it is supposed to be for the sighted user. However, once
the blind user has mastered the additional complexity of a GUI
and the associated access application, the benefits of the Common
User Access (CUA) standards and multi-tasking make it well worth
the effort.
I guess I was particularly distressed by your comments. I,
like many other blind computer users, hold you in high regard and
value your opinion. I was under the impression from your comments
at previous conventions that you were impressed with the work of
Jim Thatcher and IBM to make OS/2 and MS Windows accessible to
the blind. I was also under the impression that you had an open
mind to the benefits the GUI could have for a blind computer
user. None of this came out in your comments, at least not in my
Would it be possible for me to get a copy of your remarks? I
am sure they are available somewhere on the Internet or on some
bulletin board. I would like to pass them around to a few people
to see if my comments are shared by any of the other blind GUI
That is what Chris Chaltain wrote to Curtis Chong. Here is
Curtis's response:
To: Christopher J. Chaltain
From: Curtis Chong
Subject: My Remarks on the GUI
Dear Chris:
Thank you for taking the time to write to me with your
thoughts concerning my speech on the Problems and Challenges of
the Graphical User Interface (GUI). I am always glad to receive
constructive and thoughtful criticism about the articles and
speeches I write.
First, I would like to set the record straight concerning my
view of Screen Reader/2 in general and my high regard for Jim
Thatcher in particular.
In many informal conversations in person, on the phone, over
the Internet, on NFB-NET, and in the CompuServe Disabilities
Forum, I have expressed the belief that IBM deserves a lot of
credit for developing Screen Reader/2. As you so rightly point
out, IBM's work on this program pre-dates the Americans with
Disabilities Act (ADA). Screen Reader/2 is today the only screen
access solution for blind people who want or need to use the OS/2
operating system. If a corporation selects OS/2 as its platform
of choice, blind people who are affected by this decision will be
able to keep their jobs because of Screen Reader/2. And yes I
know that Screen Reader/2, used with OS/2, can provide access to
applications designed to run under Microsoft Windows.
As I learn more about Screen Reader/2 (having recently
converted my office computer to OS/2), I am impressed by the
amount of planning, forethought, and downright genius that has
gone into the development of this software. I thank God, quite
literally, for Jim Thatcher. Although he would probably not admit
it, I believe that he has been the inspiration, the driving
force, and the architect for the entire Screen Reader project.
Jim Thatcher possesses great personal warmth, public charm,
tremendous enthusiasm, and intuitive genius. I have made no
secret of my high personal regard for him. This is why year after
year I have invited him to speak at annual meetings of the
National Federation of the Blind in Computer Science. Jim has
never disappointed me. He always has something interesting and
thought-provoking to say, and he is always upbeat about the
potential for blind people to use the GUI on the same terms as
their sighted peers.
Why then in my speech did I not devote more space to IBM and
Screen Reader/2? Why did I fail to mention the fact that in 1990
and again in 1991 prototypes of Screen Reader/2 were demonstrated
at Federation conventions? Why did I not express more optimism
about the potential for blind people to use GUI applications?
I think, to understand why my speech turned out as it did,
you have to be aware of the context in which it was presented and
the audience I was attempting to address. As you know, the Second
U.S./Canada Conference on Technology for the Blind brought
together people from four groups: leaders from the field of work
with the blind, leaders from organizations of the blind, leaders
from companies manufacturing or marketing specialized technology
for the blind, and representatives from the principal computer
companies in private industry having a major effect upon the
ability of blind people to use commercial software (i.e., IBM and
Microsoft). Because of the diverse nature of the group, it was
difficult for me to come up with points that would mean the same
thing to everybody. I wanted to shake up the rehabilitation
professionals--to stop them from wallowing in DOS-based solutions
for their blind clients. I wanted to send a message to private
industry to the effect that today the GUI is still a problem for
the blind, despite Screen Reader/2. I wanted to make the point
that access to the GUI is not a matter to be considered once and
then forgotten; it is something that must be considered each and
every time a new operating system or application is developed.
I readily admit that at the time my speech was written I
knew next to nothing about how to run a GUI platform. When I
wrote my speech, I was getting a constant stream of queries from
blind people around the country who were concerned that their
jobs were on the line because of conversions to a graphical
platform or application. The platform most frequently mentioned
was Windows. I had no current and specific information from
knowledgeable, articulate blind people (such as you) about the
ability of OS/2 and Screen Reader/2 to provide real access to
such software as Word for Windows or (in your case) Framemaker
for Windows. I was thinking in terms of the average blind
computer user--one who could not get early releases of software
from IBM, who knew nothing about the differences between DOS and
an operating system using the GUI, and who was told to convert to
Windows but not to OS/2.
I do recall that in 1990 and 1991 prototypes of Screen
Reader/2 were demonstrated at NFB and other conventions. I
remember going to a Wednesday afternoon demonstration of Screen
Reader/2 at the Charlotte convention in 1992. Because the 1990
and 1991 demonstrations were of prototypes, available only to a
limited set of individuals, I did not regard them as having much
significance in the overall scheme of things. It was perhaps
because of this perception that I did not mention them in my
speech. The 1992 demonstration was quite another matter, as you
know. By then Screen Reader/2 was a viable product, soon to be
available generally. That, I felt, was worth mentioning in my
speech. And while we are on the subject, I did not actually say
that the Charlotte demonstration was the first time IBM had ever
demonstrated Screen Reader/2. My exact words were, "At the 1992
convention of the National Federation of the Blind, IBM
demonstrated its screen reading system for the graphical OS/2
Presentation Manager." Although this statement fails to make note
of the 1990-91 prototype demonstrations, it was never meant to
imply that IBM had done nothing in this area until 1992.
You say that the over-all tone of my remarks was negative
and pessimistic. I would prefer to think of the tone as
realistic. As you say, you have been using Screen Reader/2 and
OS/2 Presentation Manager since the beginning of 1991. You have
doubtless had access to Screen Reader developers, OS/2 support
personnel, and perhaps even some intensive training. With all of
these resources to help you, how could you not feel positive
about the GUI and your ability to develop and use applications
built around it?
On the other hand, I and a growing number of other blind
people are only now beginning to use GUI operating systems and
applications. In my case, although I am fortunate to have contact
with some key IBM people such as Jim Thatcher, I found that I was
not getting enough day-to-day help to understand the intricacies
of this new graphical operating system, OS/2. No one where I
worked could tell me how to manipulate objects on the OS/2
desktop without a mouse, not to mention learning about Screen
Reader/2. I was continually frustrated by the fact that the
documentation, even though it was online, provided very little
in-depth information about how everything worked together.
Installing a simple DOS application (WordPerfect 5.1) would have
been far more difficult if I had followed the instructions in the
OS/2 User's Guide. In the end it became necessary for me to
arrange to receive a week's training from Frank DiPalermo, a
Screen Reader/2 consultant. Fortunately for me, my employer was
more than willing to pay for the training. How many other blind
people do you suppose will find themselves in exactly the fix I
was in? Quite a few, I would bet. How many of them will be as
fortunate as I was? I simply don't know.
I think that it is also important to point out here that
OS/2 is not the only graphically-based system that has created
concern among blind computer users and professionals. More and
more blind people want to know when a commercial access product
will be available for X Windows applications. I have received
complaints from frustrated blind Macintosh users who tell me that
Berkeley Systems is diminishing its support for the outSPOKEN
program. Do these problems cause me to be negative and
pessimistic? I prefer to think of them as helping me to be
"concerned." As you say, blind people still face challenges
accessing the graphical user interface. Screen Reader/2 is one
solution to the problem, but it is by no means the only
solution--nor should it be.
Screen Reader/2 and OS/2 are fine systems in their own
right. Together they provide access to a wide variety of GUI
applications. This is the message I have been communicating to
blind people in a variety of forums. I chose not to promote
Screen Reader/2 quite so heavily in my speech because I was
attempting to communicate a different message. If you feel that I
was not as positive about Screen Reader/2, OS/2, and IBM in my
speech as you might have liked, I can only say that I have had
other opportunities to demonstrate my support in ways that you
may not know. For example, on behalf of the NFB in Computer
Science a few months ago I wrote a letter of support for the
Screen Reader project when I learned that it was being
re-examined by IBM top management. I circulated the letter quite
widely and caused other blind people to write letters of their
Under separate cover I will be shipping you an electronic
copy of my speech as an ASCII text file. Feel free to circulate
it to other blind GUI users or to anyone else you think would be
interested in reading it. When you solicit reactions to the
speech, I hope you will keep in mind what I have said here.
Curtis Chong, President
National Federation of the Blind in Computer Science
Dear Curtis:
Thanks for letting me see your exchange with Chris Chaltain.
I have a few additional comments growing out of my status as an
amateur and lay user. Neither of you can claim this status.
As I understand it, the theoretical benefits of GUI are
twofold: first, the GUI allows faster and more versatile use of
computers. And second, it allows more transparent use of a
computer through manipulation of intuitively obvious icons--that
is, allowing the computer to appear less like a computer and more
like a tool to get the job done. Chris actually addresses only
the first issue, versatility and efficiency.
For the able, dedicated (and usually vocational) blind
computer user, access to the GUI as Chris describes it is now
possible (although not necessarily ideal). As you point out, the
choices for the blind user are much more limited than for the
sighted user. However, I don't think that this is the real
When starting to use a GUI application, the sighted user's
learning curve is just plain faster than it would be for a blind
person. As I understand it, GUI uses obvious visual prompts and
pictures to guide a user intuitively through the desired tasks.
The theory is that the sighted user of a GUI system can become
comfortable and productive with the software much more quickly
than would be the case with a program using plain text. Moreover,
the commands that a sighted person has to use can be displayed on
the screen through the use of pull-down menus that are simple and
intuitive to access. There is also the indisputable fact that a
sighted person can learn at a glance (and does not have to
remember) how windows and other elements on the graphical screen
are laid out. Then there is the mouse. GUI applications make
extensive use of this device. Sighted users click the mouse on
icons and other items on the screen or move them from place to
place by dragging them with the mouse. A sighted person using a
mouse can tell at a glance where items are being moved and what
item is being clicked on.
The blind person who needs to use a GUI application is
operating at a disadvantage from the word go. In addition to
learning everything that the sighted person has to learn, the
blind user must learn how to make the speech- or Braille-access
program (assuming it exists) do what is wanted. Also the blind
person has to find other ways to do what a sighted person can do
intuitively and at a glance with the mouse.
To put it plainly, for the sighted, commands and tasks are
standardized, simplified, and speeded up through the use of a GUI
application; for us the steps you go through to find out what is
available, what is wanted, and how to do it are often varied,
complicated, and not very well understood by those who use sight
to work with GUI programs.
You make this point in a different way. Many of us blind
users don't have the skill you have; many of us don't have the
persistence you have; most of us don't have an employer who will
pay for a week's training. The sighted user doesn't need this
kind of specialized training, but a blind person very well might
because of the inherently visual nature of the GUI. This may be
dismissed as merely the problems of software development for and
skill development by the blind. But GUI in all its forms is a
sufficiently large barrier that it has come close to shutting a
lot of us out of computers. The other point, however, remains.
For a sighted user, as I understand it, the use of GUI
facilitates speed and versatility; for the blind user without
programmer-level training and experience and without support in
this specific context, the GUI can still close out access to the
computer. This includes most of us.
Here is the point that I really want to make. While nothing
that Chris says is inaccurate, he needs to take into account the
larger perspective. I am a good example. I am a DOS user, not a
GUI user. I can understand the concept of a screen that is
twenty-five lines high by eighty characters wide. I can
understand enough about DOS to get the job done, and I can
understand what information needs to be conveyed by a screen-
reading program so that a blind person can use the computer
without sighted assistance. I do not need or want the added
complexity that use of the GUI would bring. In a small office I
need quick results. I need to be able to troubleshoot problems
immediately without having to call upon more technically
sophisticated computer people for assistance. I have to get the
work out now. I can't afford to allow GUI on the premises because
it would immediately throw us into a minimum of several weeks of
training for all staff (if you took one week, we would need much
more). And the software glitches for us would probably never end
since we don't have the time to learn all that we need to know to
assure us of competence before use. The responsibility for
running the system is mine, not that of my employees. I would
guess that a sighted user in my position with my knowledge and
ability could switch to GUI without difficulty--and most have.
That's the real problem.
Chris says that any blind user who wants to learn the added
complexities can increase productivity and efficiency. Yes, but.
. . . He misses two things. First, his statement is not true
unless the blind user is working in a limited set of
environments, all of which are accessible in the way Chris
describes. And this assumes that new, inaccessible applications
are not introduced at the blind employee's work site (usually an
invalid assumption since new applications are released all the
time, and many of these may not be accessible). Second and more
important, the added complexity for us is now greater than for
sighted users. The gap in knowledge has widened. While the GUI
has made the lives of sighted computer users easier, it has made
ours a lot more complicated. Until someone figures out a way for
GUI-access technology to run everywhere and in as standardized a
way for blind users as for sighted users, then your "realism" is
the more accurate analysis. It can't be just one company or just
one application, and it can't be truly available without being as
readily available to us as it is to the sighted.
Another way of making the same point involves the overall
job market today. For many, many entry-level jobs these days, a
successful applicant must be able to demonstrate that he or she
is familiar with and adept at using Windows, one of the most
widely-used GUI applications. Employers can be choosy and are.
They just don't hire anyone but able Windows users. That excludes
most blind applicants, not on the ground of blindness, but on the
ground of inaccessible software. We can't say in response to this
situation that any blind person who wants to can become adept.
That's just not the case right now. And pretending otherwise is
very much placing one's head firmly in the sand and piling more
I knew that Chris was an early user of GUI prototypes, and I
was glad to know that competent blind users were in the testing
pattern. But happy and trouble-free use of software by Chris
doesn't make it readily usable by me. We need to solve the
problem for users like me before we have achieved the goal of
true access to the GUI. Despite IBM's stellar work, we haven't
reached that point. Partly that is inherent in the GUI itself;
partly it is because IBM is not the only company with a GUI
system. Let's keep at it.
Peggy Pinder Elliott
by Sheila Hall-Ritchhart
From the Editor: How do you go about persuading people who
are used to providing services to the public that you do not
require extraordinary assistance and that the people around you
do not need protection from social contact with you just because
you are blind? Airline personnel are often afflicted with these
bizarre impulses, and so are maitres-d'hotel in exclusive
restaurants and many nurses, particularly those with bossy
dispositions. A cog slips somewhere, and suddenly considerateness
and concern are transformed into overblown fear for your safety
and anxiety lest bystanders be offended by contact with you or
the individual's employer be sued when you inevitably tumble down
the stairs or fall over an obstacle.
Once such behavior has begun, there simply isn't any
reliable way of getting it stopped. A liberal application of cool
composure chilling to icy self-control is the only technique I
have found at all effective in restraining such exuberance. And
that works best when the encounter is short-lived. What is one to
do on a cruise ship for several days? What happens when it is
your honeymoon, and the crew harasses you with inappropriate
limitations on your movements and offers to help every time you
set out for any destination? Well, you can laugh with your
spouse, and you can maintain your integrity and independence, and
you can fantasize about or even seriously investigate the
possibility of undertaking some future action that would compel
these people to abandon their preconceptions and learn to respect
disabled people simply as human beings.
Recently William and Sheila Hall-Ritchhart had such an
experience. Sheila is the President of the Student Division of
the NFB of Indiana, and she has had some experience with
university officials who are apparently incapable of treating a
blind person with innate and straightforward respect. (See the
July, 1993, issue of the Braille Monitor.) The following letter
recounts Sheila and William's most recent adventure. Here it is:
Indianapolis, Indiana
Dear President Maurer:
My husband William and I were married on March 12, and on
March 14 we took a cruise on the MS Southward for our honeymoon.
The discrimination and segregation that we experienced have
prompted me to write this letter.
Our trouble began at the ship terminal in San Pedro Harbor,
Los Angeles. We were told that they planned to pre-board us so we
would not have to stand in line with the other passengers. We
refused this special treatment. We simply asked if they would
show us where we were to wait for boarding. The cruise official
agreed to our request but pre-boarded us anyway.
The crew on board the MS Southward made our honeymoon almost
unbearable. Each and every time we left our cabin, used the
elevator, went up a flight of stairs, or rounded a corner, we
were stopped by one of the ship's staff. "What do you need?"
"Where are you going?" "Just let me take you there," they would
We always refused their assistance. Both of us stressed to
the staff that, if and when we needed help, we would approach
them. Following our refusal, they always asked for our cabin
number and then walked away. It became a joke between my husband
and me that they were going to tell on us.
Just minutes before a life boat drill our cabin steward came
to our cabin with a liability waiver for us to sign. We refused
to do so. He insisted that "people like you" had to sign. We
firmly refused, and we're proud to say that we completed the life
boat drill successfully on our own.
On these cruises your life boat station is your dining room
seating assignment for dinner as well. At drill practice we were
at a table with two other couples in the center of the dining
room. When we went to dine that evening, we were seated at a
table for two just off the entrance to the room. We were the only
table for two in the entire room.
At other functions, such as the captain's party, we were
also seated by ourselves. Meanwhile, other tables were being
filled with two and three sets of couples. There was no self-
seating. At first we thought that we had been seated alone
because we were honeymooners. At a party given for the twenty-
seven honeymoon couples sailing on the Southward, however, we
found out that we were the odd couple. Yes, we had the only table
for two.
In spite of the fact that this ship did not appear to meet
any of the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act) standards, we
got around just fine on our own. We dressed nicely and
appropriately, were courteous and kind, and used good table
manners. Blind people are not all slobs--just as sighted people
are not all great dressers. We are just as civilized or
uncivilized as any sighted person. We walked along the beach in
Catalina, went on a three-mile fitness walk in San Diego, and
went shopping in Ensaada, Mexico. While on board the Southward,
we went to shows, danced, and even gambled in the casino. Blind
people are just as romantic, just as fit, just as greedy, and
just as fun-loving as any sighted person.
I'm quite certain that being blind is not an ingredient in
making lousy dinner companions. Table sixty-two in the center of
the room must have been boring without us.
My husband and I really want to do something to educate the
crew of the MS Southward. We have a great idea. We want to book a
cruise on the MS Southward with as many Federationists as
possible. My husband and I are willing to do most of the
organizing to make this work. But we would like help and support
from the Federation in recruiting people to go on the cruise.
When we went aboard the Southward, they thought of us as
helpless and ignorant. The day we left to go home, they told us
we were amazing, exceptional, and simply inspirational. This
really bothered us, because words like "amazing" and
"exceptional" are defined as "out of the ordinary or apart or
aside from the norm." We believe that being independent and self-
sufficient are normal characteristics of blind people.
It is hard to express how angry we felt every time we were
called amazing, but it is important to remember that people who
are patronizing towards the blind usually are so because of lack
of education. This conviction kept us more or less calm and
always civil. Perhaps, after sailing with the National Federation
of the Blind, the crew will exchange its pity for genuine and
appropriate respect.
Since the beginning of our relationship, I have talked to
William about joining the Federation. He said that he was not
much of a joiner but would be supportive of my involvement. As a
result of our experiences, however, he is now ready to join. He
will attend his first convention this coming July.
Sincerely yours,
Sheila and William Ritchhart
What follows is the relevant information about the Norwegian
Cruise Line's policies concerning disabled people, taken from the
material that Sheila Hall-Ritchhart sent to President Maurer:
What if I have a medical condition or physical disability?
Some ships have staterooms designed for people with physical
disabilities. Please check ship deck plans for details.
Any medical condition or physical disability that may
require special attention or treatment must be reported to our
Passenger Courtesy Department when your reservation is made.
NCL has the right to revoke passage to anyone who, in its
judgment, is in physical or mental condition unfit for travel or
who may require care beyond that which NCL can provide. Whenever
possible, though, special arrangements will be made.
NCL reserves the right to deny participation in certain
activities such as dive-in snorkeling, paddle boats, sailboats,
and the like, based on past or present medical conditions. For
questions about eligibility, please contact our Passenger
Courtesy Department.
All passengers with a disability must be self-sufficient and
should travel with a passenger who will provide any assistance
needed during the cruise and in the event of an emergency.
Physically impaired passengers and their companions must
sign a statement releasing NCL of any and all responsibility
associated with their disability relative to their ability to use
shipboard facilities and in the event of any emergency.
There is nothing in these policies to suggest that the
Ritchharts should have expected the treatment they received. As
Sheila said in her letter to President Maurer, they would like to
explore the possibility of organizing a group of blind people to
travel on this ship to demonstrate that the Ritchharts are not
the only competent and independent blind people in the country
and to educate the crew in ordinary courtesy to blind passengers.
If you are interested in joining the Ritchharts in this enjoyable
exercise in public education, contact them at 1523 N. Linwood
Avenue, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202; or call (317) 322-9979.
by Stephen Laughrey
From the Editor: Stephen Laughrey is the Executive Director
of the Braille Service Center in Louisville, Kentucky. He is also
First Vice President of the Louisville Chapter of the National
Federation of the Blind of Kentucky and Diabetic Coordinator for
the affiliate. But three years ago he thought his world had come
to an end. Because of his sudden blindness, he had lost his well-
paid job, and he was convinced that there was nothing more for
him to do with the remainder of his life. Here is his story as he
tells it:
After a long battle which began in 1983, I finally became
blind on February 21, 1991. In 1983 I was diagnosed as having
contracted a disease called Histoplasmosis, which affects either
the small blood vessels in the eyes or the respiratory system. In
my case it affected my eyes. About a year later I was diagnosed
as having diabetic retinopathy. The combination was the
equivalent of an atom bomb waiting to explode. I went through a
series of operations and laser treatments until finally there was
nothing else to do to stop the inevitable outcome.
After finally becoming blind, I spent some time engaging in
pity parties, wondering why I had been chosen to be blind. I soon
realized that my situation wasn't going to change and that I had
two choices: I could continue feeling sorry for myself and being
unproductive, or I could get up, brush myself off, and get the
training I needed in order to live a full, enjoyable, and
productive life. That last is exactly what I decided to do, and
it was certainly the correct decision.
Prior to becoming blind, I was a very determined and
productive person. I was successful in my position with a
building materials company in Fort Myers, Florida. I was involved
in marketing and contractor sales. The year I started with the
company our annual sales were nine million dollars. Twelve years
later, when I left because of my blindness, our annual sales
were thirty-five million. I was proud to know that I had played a
major part in the success of the company, not to mention the
monetary rewards I received along the way. I wanted what I had
lost to become a part of my life once again. I didn't know how I
was going to accomplish this task, but I knew I was willing to
work hard to find a purpose in life and to learn to function as a
competent blind person. Once I had accepted the fact of my
blindness, I found that I had defeated the major obstacle in my
path to an independent life. Thus began my quest. I was willing
to face each challenge that came, knowing that it would not be
Now came the task of finding the right educational program
to rehabilitate me. I started contacting rehabilitative service
centers and making appointments to visit them. The ones I saw had
a hospital atmosphere that I wanted no part of. I became
frustrated because I had hoped to find a center that did not
subscribe to the sympathetic, hand-holding style of ministering
to poor, helpless blind people. There was no room in my life for
such ideas.
Living in Florida at the time, I had not met any blind
people except those at the centers I had visited. I needed to
find a place to buy a timepiece. I had heard that talking watches
were on the market, and I was getting tired of asking other
people for the time. My sister was looking through the phone book
for places to call and came upon the listing for the Citrus
Center for the Blind. She immediately called and asked where I
could make my purchase. They directed her to the proper place and
at the same time told her that they would like to meet me
whenever I was available.
Two days later I found myself at the Center, where I had the
opportunity to tour the facility. First I was given a white cane
and then introduced to different types of technology. This
excited me, and I wanted to see more. It was a teaching facility
with classes in reading and writing Braille, mobility, computer
literacy, and daily-living skills. I was like a kid in a candy
shop. I recognized immediately that this Center was where I
wanted to spend the free time I had acquired since becoming
blind. After attending the Center for about two weeks, I was
approached by the Director, who explained that the Center was too
small and my hunger for knowledge and independence were too great
for this small facility to give me the proper training. I was
then told about the Louisiana Center for the Blind. Joanne Wilson
was the director. As soon as I got home that afternoon, I called
Joanne. She told me how to become a student at the Louisiana
Center for the Blind.
In September of 1991 I became a student at the Louisiana
Center. We learned social skills, cane travel, Braille, typing,
and daily-living skills. Students maintained their two-bedroom
apartments, did grocery shopping and laundry, and prepared meals.
Classes lasted from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Monday through
Friday. While at the Center I also had the opportunity to
participate in mountain climbing, rock climbing, white water
rafting, water skiing, canoeing, swimming, and fishing. These may
sound like pretty demanding activities, but to me they were the
greatest confidence-builders I could have hoped to receive. Each
weekend there was a new experience, such as going to Texas to the
largest flea market in the United States. One of the most
memorable experiences was attending Mardi Gras in New Orleans. I
assure you that, if you can travel in that chaos, you can travel
anywhere! Learning that truth was the whole purpose of the trip.
I truly believe that on that trip I gained more confidence in my
ability to travel using a white cane than at any other time
during my months at the Center. I am proud to say that I am a
graduate of the Louisiana Center for the Blind.
I remember the first day I walked into Miss Ruth's kitchen
at the Center, saying to myself, "What in the world am I doing
here? I can't even boil water." But before leaving the Center, I
successfully prepared an entire meal for forty and served it to
the staff and students.
One day during travel class we went on a bus drop in
Alexandria. It was a cold, rainy day, and I was the first one out
of the van. I began looking for a bus stop. We did not know that
the staff had been given incorrect information about bus routes.
I soon became lost because I was on a street that had no buses
going to the mall. It was a great experience! I had to use every
technique that I had ever learned in order to get to my final
destination. Getting lost often makes you a better traveler. I
have had similar experiences since leaving the Center, and I am
now certain that I will forever remain a confident and
independent cane traveler.
I can't tell you how important it was for me to learn how to
read and write Braille. Not only do I use Braille in my daily
work, but I also set aside an hour a day for leisure reading.
This helps me to increase speed and comprehension. I will never
forget the first time I was able to read a story from the McDuffy
Reader. It was quite emotional. If I had not been a proficient
Braille reader when I graduated from the Center, I doubt that I
would have the job I have today.
I shudder to think what my life would be like had I not had
the good fortune to attend the Louisiana Center for the Blind.
While attending the Center, I was introduced to the National
Federation of the Blind, and I am proud to be a dedicated
Federationist. I have had the opportunity to meet and make many
new blind friends.
When I first went to the Center, I was full of indecision,
wondering what the future held for me as a blind person. I wanted
to get back into the work place in order to serve the blind and
educate the sighted. Today all of my hopes and dreams have come
true. I am now employed as Executive Director of the Braille
Service Center in Louisville, Kentucky, and I have many
opportunities to speak about the abilities of blind people.
Achieving what I have has taken a lot of hard work and
determination on my part, but it also took commitment from those
who believe in equality and the right of blind people to live a
normal, productive life in today's society, full of confidence,
pride, and independence.
Not a day goes by that I don't pick up the freedom bell I
was given when I graduated and remember the time that I spent at
the Louisiana Center for the Blind. Being blind is not the end of
the world. For me in many ways it was the beginning. My life is
full of meaning and purpose, serving the blind and educating the
sighted. The Louisiana Center for the Blind will always have a
special place in my heart. In many ways my life began in
September of 1991 when I enrolled at the Louisiana Center. The
gift that I received there is being given to students today in
the NFB centers in California, Colorado, Minnesota, and a small
handful of other adult rehabilitation facilities which are
conducted in accord with the philosophy of the National
Federation of the Blind. We can all be grateful for the work of
the instructors in these excellent programs.
[PHOTO: Portrait. CAPTION: Lauren Eckery.]
by Lauren L. Eckery
From the Editor: The following article first appeared in The
Freedom Bell, the second in the Kernel series of paperback books
published by the National Federation of the Blind. It begins with
Dr. Jernigan's introductory note. Here it is:
What happens when a small sighted child is constantly told
by her preschool teachers and the parents of other children that
her blind mother and father are not capable of functioning as
competently as other parents? How does she resolve the conflict
of seeing her mother and father living normal lives on a daily
basis and then having others tell her (both by word and act) that
it isn't so? These are the issues raised in the following article
by Laurie Eckery. Here is how she tells it:
When my daughter Lynden was two years old, I was pleased
with the child care setting she was in. Since I spent weekly two-
hour sessions at the preschool, the other children had a chance
to see me, Lynden's mother, as an ordinary adult who happened to
be blind.
The director had become a good friend and was happy to have
me at the preschool--not just to sing with the children but also
to give them an education about blindness. I trusted that Lynden
was in good hands. I trusted a friend who knew and understood
about blindness from my example.
When Lynden was two, I did not take her to preschool on a
regular basis. If she missed out on some of the activities at
school, it was purely due to her sporadic attendance--or was it?
She was too young to know or care that the rest of the children,
on a certain day, were dressed in western outfits or that the
rest of the children had brought paper valentines to pass out--
everyone but Lynden. I let it pass; she was too young. I
suspected a problem but didn't want to be labeled as "paranoid,"
and I reasonably expected that Lynden would eventually tell me
about special occasions coming up at school. No problem.
Last fall, when Lynden was four and a half and "River City
Roundup" was happening all around Omaha, we bought her a western
outfit that could double as a Halloween costume. It was pretty
enough to be worn anytime. When I asked which day the children
would be dressing up for "River City Roundup," the director
informed me that she hadn't decided--that she would let me know.
One day Lynden came home in tears. "Mommy, the other kids
weared western clothes, and you didn't let me wear mine." I told
her that no one had informed me that this was the day for such
clothing to be worn. She was angry because she was convinced that
I "should have known." Could she trust me as much after that?
When Valentine's Day rolled around, once again I asked to be
informed as to when the children would be exchanging cards.
Lynden piped up, "I'll tell you, Mommy." The director assured me
that she would tell me. I bought cards, typed them up, and had
them ready in early February. The night before the day, Lynden
announced that she would be taking the cards tomorrow. Only
because I was beginning to understand that the preschool
director, my friend, "was a little scatter-brained" was I able to
stay on top of this situation. Still, I was not particularly
In March Lynden had a birthday--her fifth. She wanted to
have Amanda, her best friend--the preschool director's soon-to-be
adopted child--over for the birthday celebration at Showbiz Pizza
Place. We invited her. Three days before the party, when we had
not been given a definite answer, I made one of the most
frightening but also one of the most real phone calls of my life.
The director's reason for not answering the request was that
she didn't know if the girls would behave in such a noisy place.
She stated in no uncertain terms that the only way that Amanda
could come was if they dropped her off at Showbiz and one of them
stayed. Suddenly it was apparent to me that I was expected to be
as obedient and as much under her control as the preschool
children she supervised each week. I was at a turning point at
which I could either choose to back off and say, "That would be
fine," or to do as I did.
I asked if they were worried about our blindness. At first
there was total denial. When it came down to the details, though,
she was afraid to have us walk the children home for fear that
Amanda, who was not "trained to obey us like Lynden is," would
run off; that she might dart into the street while we waited for
the bus, and we wouldn't see it happening; that we might lose the
girls on the way from the bus to Showbiz, and "How could you keep
track of them in that noisy place?"
When I explained, she stated that I was being defensive, not
caring about the concerns of other people and risking the
children's safety just to make a point. I said that I had a right
to defend our position and that she could choose whether that
was really behaving defensively or not.
She said that she had no idea that I was so "angry about
being blind," that she had been so proud of me for the way "I
handled it with the kids." She eventually stated that she thought
Jerry and I should learn our limitations, just as everyone else
does, for Lynden's sake if not for our own; that we were deluding
ourselves if we thought we could function as independently as
sighted people. I was horrified to hear her say, "And you know
that Lynden is going to know the difference. She's going to
understand that she can't have friends over without parental
supervision like other children do because of your limitations.
She won't be angry about it, because she will understand." I
answered that Lynden would be puzzled and indeed angry when other
people (teachers, other children's parents, etc.) decide for us
that she and/or her blind parents "have to do things
differently," when she is going to know from living with us daily
for all the years of her childhood that such limitations are
unnecessary. She may even begin to think that there is something
wrong with her because she's being consistently left out of
normal activities.
At length I told her that I thought the whole situation
boiled down to a matter of trust, to which she immediately
replied, "Laurie, I trust you implicitly!" She explained that she
could tell when children came from less than desirable parenting
and that she would hold me up as an example of one of the best
parents in the neighborhood; that she was proud of the way that
Jerry and I were carefully teaching Lynden, taking her places,
keeping her dressed neatly, and so forth; and that she knew we
loved her.
It was difficult for me to believe that I really could not
trust this "friend," and she could not believe that I thought she
did not trust me. I said, "When someone says to me on the one
hand that they trust me implicitly but on the other hand will not
allow their child to be with us without sighted supervision,
something doesn't fit."
My stomach turned at the thought of how I, with my unusual
amount of assertiveness, had probably changed the direction of
our relationship forever. I would probably lose a good friend; I
had "caused" trouble between Lynden and her best friend. Would I
be forced to put Lynden in another preschool? I realized quickly
through my panic that the problem wouldn't be solved in this way.
It was more likely that this same kind of situation would occur
again and again. I could not trust as implicitly as I had trusted
previously, but Lynden's education at this preschool had, up to
now, been excellent. But if the director couldn't see blindness
for what it really is any more clearly even after observing it,
what other blind spots might there be in Lynden's education
Much as I might have wished for it, there is no such thing
as the perfect school setting for Lynden or for any other child.
I knew, therefore, that I had to solve the problem. I decided
that the next time Lynden is asked to Amanda's, she will be
allowed to go only if I or her father goes along. Will the
director and her husband squirm? Will they be angry? Time will
We thought things had blown over by the time Lynden enrolled
in dance class with several other children. However, on one
occasion she was kept from going to dance class because she had a
rash. Although we had paid for this class, we were not consulted
about this decision. Later Lynden did not inform us of her
recital. Neither did the preschool.
The night before the recital, at 9:30 p.m. with no chance
for us to invite friends along, the director called us, realizing
that "we might not know about it." The children were to have
brought a letter home from the dance class. We did not get
Lynden's letter. Thinking that Lynden had accidentally forgotten
it, I asked her about the letter. I was informed that the letters
had all been taken away from them at preschool and given to the
parents later. We attended the recital, knew very little about
Lynden's dancing, and I really began to wonder if I was being
deprived because of my blindness. At home I cried about what I
had missed.
The next day when I asked Lynden why she didn't tell us more
about her dancing, she said, "You can't see." Suddenly I realized
that lately she had begun to play tricks on us and to get very
angry. I realized that she was angry about our blindness. She was
also feeling that we missed out on her dance. We learn from our
mistakes. When I mentioned this last situation to a friend in the
National Federation of the Blind, he cleared up my own doubts
about my blindness by asking, "Did you have Lynden show you what
she was learning?" No, we had not gotten down on the floor to
have her show us.
When I explained to Lynden that we missed out on her dance,
not because we couldn't see, but because we had not asked her to
show us what she was doing, she was immediately relieved. She
gleefully showed us the entire dance routine, taking on the role
of the dance instructor. It was hilarious, entertaining, and
enlightening. Suddenly it appeared that she understood that we
could be trusted, that we didn't necessarily not know what was
going on just because we can't see. Her general behavior was back
to normal.
I know that we will have to deal with other situations
similar to these. I know that I must be wiser than to trust even
good friends when it comes to dealing with issues of blindness,
and I know that I must trust my own knowledge and stand by it. I
know that Lynden will be confused for some time, but I hope that
someday she will read what I have written and will be reminded of
what she said to me when she was not quite five years old:
"Mommy, I wish you could see."
Oh, dear, I thought. Not a pity party from my own kid!
"Lynden, what would be different if I could see?" I inquired.
"'Cause then, Mommy, people wouldn't talk to you like you were a
[PHOTO: Michael Gosse stands at NFB National Convention podium microphone.
CAPTION: Dr. Michael Gosse.]
by Michael Gosse
From the Editor: Dr. Michael Gosse has been a committed
Federationist since he received an NFB scholarship in 1985. He
served as President of the Connecticut affiliate for several
years, but last year, after completing his Ph.D. in electrical
engineering at Lehigh University in Pennsylvania, he accepted a
job in Maryland with Atlantic Aerospace Electronics Corporation.
At the 1993 Convention of the National Federation of the Blind he
described the way in which he got his job and a little of what he
does. This is what he had to say:
Earlier in the week my voice started to go a little bit, and
I was concerned that I wasn't going to be able to speak this
afternoon. The reason I was having trouble with my voice was that
every time somebody mentions Pennsylvania, Connecticut, or
Maryland, of course I have to cheer.
I am a computational electromagnetics scientist, whatever
that means. Hopefully, by the end of this talk, you'll at least
understand that probably you don't want to be one too. The man
who started this science a number of years ago--in fact it was
1875--was James Clerk Maxwell. In that year he published his
treatise on electricity and magnetism. I'm going to read to you
the first two sentences of his preface. "The fact that certain
bodies, when rubbed, tend to attract other bodies was known to
the ancients. In modern times a great variety of other phenomena
have been observed and are related to the phenomenon of
attraction." I wonder how many copies of that book he sold to
people who didn't read past that point.
In our company we work in general on electronic warfare.
What that means is that you're a lot better off in the Army or
the Air Force or the Navy or the Marines if the enemy cannot find
you or communicate amongst themselves. Being good at electronic
warfare means you save the lives of not only your own people, but
also those of the enemy. I consider this to be a good thing, and
it is how I justify my job.
I started out in electrical engineering at the age of six. I
had an odd father. I don't know whether he ever learned a bedtime
story or not, but when he would come up to tuck me in to bed, he
would say, "Now Michael, you have a five-volt source and a five-
ohm resistor. The current times the resistance is equal to the
voltage; what's the current?" And I would guess, of course. The
only number I knew was one, and it was the correct answer. The
problems progressed until I was through high school. They kicked
me out of electronics class my sophomore year because I had
already mastered all of the material through senior year. When
you start at the age of six, you have a bit of a jump.
In college I tried to be something other than an electrical
engineer. I tried to study chemical engineering and go on to
physics for a Ph.D., but the bias was just too strong. I ended up
in electrical engineering. And since I wanted to get a Ph.D., in
May [of 1992] I actually received the degree. Then I proceeded to
look for a job in the worst economy that we have seen in a long
time. In ten years of post-secondary school I couldn't have
picked a worse time to graduate. The nine-month period that I
looked for a job was challenging and interesting. I interviewed
for a number of positions.
I'd like to tell you how I landed this position. I was at
the 1993 Washington Seminar and got a call on my answering
machine in Pennsylvania from Atlantic Aerospace, and I
immediately called them back, and we chatted about some technical
things--can you use a computer? I said I preferred not to. I told
them I was down in the Washington area, which is where the
company is located, and I'd be glad to stop by and talk with
them. They were a little busy. They had a trip to Advanced
Research Projects Administration (ARPA) planned. I said, "I'm
down here with the National Federation of the Blind, and we're
meeting with Congressmen this week, talking about legislative
issues. I'll be here through Wednesday." We tried to schedule an
interview for Wednesday afternoon, but of course a number of us
were planning to go to New York for the hearing in the New York
law suit, and I wanted to be a part of that. I told them that I
would be leaving for the National Center on Wednesday afternoon.
They said "Call us sometime on Thursday, and maybe we can
work something out for Friday." So on the road to New York, I
went to a pay phone and called and heard, "No, we can't schedule
anything. We'll be in touch with you."
I said, "We're in New York for this hearing for the National
Federation of the Blind, and I'll be going to New Hampshire after
that." When I got there, I called them again. I said that I was
now in New Hampshire. We had a long, technical interview this
time. We talked about the finite element technique for solving
magnetic problems. I told them that I'd done it before; then I
went and looked it up. Towards the end of the conversation he
said, "You know, you keep mentioning that you've been doing
activities with the National Federation of the Blind; are you
involved in that organization?"
I said, "You could say that. I am the Connecticut affiliate
president." (Of course, I hadn't spent any of this time in
Then he said, "Do you have a dog or a cane?"
I said, "Yes, I have a cane."
He said, "Well I suppose you wouldn't have to go to any
conferences on your own."
And I said, "Hold on a second here. I called you in
Washington, D.C.; I talked to you when I was on my way to New
York City; now I'm in New Hampshire. How do you think that I got
to all these places?"
I was on the plane for an on-site interview the next week. I
had my worst interview ever because I was sick at the time. I
just kept telling them that I was sick and that I really wasn't
thinking straight, but it was apparently a successful interview.
They contacted my advisor, and he said that I had done all this
stuff in computational electromagnetics before, backing me up on
that one. I appreciated that. I ended up getting snowed in in
Baltimore, and you can imagine how much of a tragedy it was,
having to spend time with my friends around Baltimore! Before I
got home, I had a job offer. [applause]
They wanted me right away, so I took a week to wrap up some
business for the Connecticut affiliate and headed to the
Washington area.
The job I ended up working on at Atlantic Aerospace is the
computation of the radar cross section of a radome. I am in the
antenna design group. Antennas come in all shapes and sizes. If
you stick an antenna on an aircraft and you don't cover it with
something and you go Mach II, that antenna is going to be left
somewhere behind you because it will just get blown right off the
aircraft. Additionally, antennas are good at picking
electromagnetic waves out of the air. Light is made up of
electromagnetic waves. They come in a great variety of
frequencies, like color. An antenna picks these electromagnetic
waves out of the air. It also has the job of transmitting them
into the air. As a result of these two processes, if you send an
electromagnetic wave at an antenna, it reflects a larger
electromagnetic wave, which means that, if you're the enemy, you
can find an antenna very easily--it has a large radar cross-
section. So you have two reasons why you want to hide this
antenna: one is that it will blow off the aircraft, and the other
is that it appears very large on a radar screen. So you put a
plastic bubble over it. But the plastic bubble also has a large
radar cross section, and nobody really understands--it's all
Maxwell's fault. Nobody really understands how to design radomes
very well. It's a black art.
So they said, "Mike, we need a computer program to analyze
these electromagnetic waves that scatter from a radome." I worked
for a couple of weeks on some theories and did some computations
on how long it would take a computer to solve this problem. For
example, it would take a Cray computer, which is very fast, let's
say one gigaflop (one billion floating point operations per
second), about one year to solve any problem of interest. I was
beginning to fear for my job! I thought nobody would want to
invest that much time in such a project. But since I've been
working on this problem, through some mathematical tricks I have
gotten the problem down to one that would maybe take a week to
do. Somebody might be willing to wait around a week for the
answer, so I feel that my job is safe for now. I am not certain,
however, that it will last all that long. We need faster
computers. That's all there is to it. But my job is safe for now.
I hope to get a couple of publications out of it. And, of course,
once I have a few publications to show for my work, what do you
think I'm going to do? Go back to school--hopefully as a teacher
this time. So it's a pleasure being in Maryland now, and I thank
you for your attention.
[PHOTO: Carla McQuillan sits on the floor with her hands on number flash
cards, teaching a little girl. CAPTION: Carla McQuillan, President of the
National Federation of the Blind of Oregon, takes a hands-on approach to
by Annie Capestany
From the Editor: Carla McQuillan is the President of the
National Federation of the Blind of Oregon. Those who attend NFB
conventions know she also sings Irish ballads and other folk
songs, accompanied by her guitar. They may not know that she is a
Montessori teacher who operates her own business in Springfield,
Oregon. The following is a story that appeared in the Springfield
News, April 13, 1994. It speaks for itself; here it is:
Carla McQuillan is not just a preschool teacher. She is a
McQuillan holds a bachelor's degree in teaching children
through the art of storytelling. To some traditionalists her
skills may sound about as central to basic education as a course
in Navaho basket weaving.
Stories are a great teaching tool, McQuillan argues. But
that wasn't her only motivation in studying them.
McQuillan is legally blind.
Most people don't believe McQuillan is vision-impaired. Her
blue eyes are bright and clear, and they seem to look right at
the person who is speaking to her.
The object of McQuillan's gaze appears only as a big blind
spot to her. Her only vision is peripheral. At its best it's only
20/200, compared to the 20/20 ideal.
"I don't stumble over things," McQuillan says. "But I can't
read print."
Despite her blindness McQuillan owns and operates
Springfield's only Montessori school, Children's Choice, which
opened on Main Street last September.
One side of the schoolroom is filled with Montessori
materials: sorting games; carrots for peeling; number rods and
counting beads; bright blue, three-dimensional geometric shapes;
and even the school's binomial and trinomial cubes.
The brightly colored cubes are a "concrete representation of
an algebraic expression," McQuillan explains. "Now we don't tell
the children that."
Instead the preschoolers match colors and shapes to
reconstruct the cubes. In that way grade-school children can
absorb the abstract math formulas the cube represents.
The other half of McQuillan's classroom is filled with more
typical preschool toys and a computer. An indoor play area takes
up part of the back of the building, and a grassy lawn is
available for sunny days.
Although McQuillan works with an aide, she seems perfectly
capable of maintaining control on her own.
"I know all the sounds of the materials in the classroom,"
she says. "I know when the kids are doing what they should be
doing and when they aren't.
"There is a very different sound when something falls down
and when something is knocked down, believe me."
While she cannot see the children's faces, McQuillan knows
their voices--and their cries.
"I know from upstairs which kid is crying," she says.
The school is built on the philosophy Maria Montessori first
developed in Italy. Learning is individualized, McQuillan says.
She strives to find just what each child needs in the way of
social, mental, and practical skills.
"We want to teach the children how to think," she says, "how
to get from point A to point C, even if we don't tell them where
point B is."
Montessori also taught that children are receptive to
learning certain skills at certain periods in their lives. For
example, she believed most children are best able to learn to
read between the ages of three and six.
McQuillan says children in Montessori classrooms aren't
forced to learn. Rather they are invited and encouraged to learn
when they are ready.
When learning does occur, it takes place on all sensory
levels, building from the concrete to the abstract.
"The more senses you incorporate," she says, "the more
effective the learning is and the higher the retention level."
Traditional schools rely on visual learning eighty percent
of the time, McQuillan says. Obviously that doesn't work for her,
and she believes it also is less effective for most children.
Students in her classroom use many methods, including
sandpaper letters, to learn the alphabet. During a recent lesson
on soil and the earth, the children all went out and made mud
And when it's time for a story, the children gather around
McQuillan in the reading corner, next to the bookshelf, where she
spins a tale of fun and fantasy, drawn from her imagination.
[PHOTO: Jim Burton sits at his computer terminal. CAPTION: Jim Burton.]
by Kathy Berry
From the Editor: Jim Burton is an active member of the
National Federation of the Blind of Alaska. The following article
appeared in the Fall, 1993, issue of the Geophysical Institute
Quarterly, a publication of the University of Alaska at
Although his vision is impaired, Jim Burton has developed
great insight into the hearts of people, especially those with
As a man who once lived in a healthy body and is now dealing
with Usher Syndrome, Burton has overcome handicaps in all areas
of his life. As a result of the progressive disease, he's losing
his hearing and eyesight, but not his passion for helping others.
Burton has been an active participant in federal and
statewide service organizations for years. He's a member of the
Board of Directors of the National Federation of the Blind of
Alaska, and he served on an Alaska committee to implement the
1973 Rehabilitation Act.
Recently he was appointed by Governor Walter Hickel to a
two-year term on Alaska's Statewide Independent Living Council, a
group charged with setting up guidelines to govern the operation
and funding of independent living centers, organizations that
provide services for disabled people.
"In broad terms, the centers work to help remove physical
barriers to transportation and access, and they help remove
mental barriers with education," Burton said.
Although he wears hearing aids in both ears, is considered
legally blind, and walks with a white cane at night, Burton is
still able to volunteer in the local community. He has coached
youth football teams in Fairbanks since 1981 and serves on the
board of directors for the Fairbanks Youth Center.
In his spare time he teaches classes at UAF's Downtown
Center, and he's writing a proposal to secure funds to train
disabled people in computer-aided design drafting, his line of
work. His aim is to help the newly disabled person get back into
a job as quickly as possible.
As a computer drafting specialist with the Photo-Graphics
Service Center at the Geophysical Institute, Burton uses software
to help researchers draft and design tools associated with their
"I work with anyone who has an idea," Burton said, "whether
they want to design instruments the size of a briefcase or as
large as a building."
Since he started work at the institute in 1973, Burton has
helped professors design heavy equipment, an array of antennas,
special tools for cutting ice, and even a rail system for a
rocket launch at Poker Flat Research Range. He's reshaped
architectural drawings to conform to requests, and he's worked
with the institute machine shop to create models and true-sized
replicas of instruments needed for specific purposes. He's also
created maps, graphs, and line drawings of existing structures
for publication; he's currently producing a set of drawings of
the observatory in Kaktovik so rocket scientists visiting Poker
Flat can plan where to place their instruments without first
visiting the remote site.
Burton works on the projects from a bank of computers in his
shared office, which is unusually dark to accommodate his
sensitivity to light and contains a clock that regularly
broadcasts the time. Since his disease was diagnosed in 1987, his
co-workers have made adjustments along with him.
"I've been lucky concerning the support I've received," he
said. "Without the employer trying to make an effort, a newly
disabled employee doesn't have a chance."
Nearly deaf since birth, he realized he also was losing his
eyesight only six years ago. His family, which includes Hanne,
his wife of twenty years, and his two sons, who are now college-
bound, helped him deal with the discovery. "When people become
newly disabled, the whole family has to change its way of life,"
Burton said.
In learning to accept the things he's had to give up, Burton
has gained the respect and admiration of hundreds of people whose
lives he's touched.
His life is a testimony to his passion. "The main thing is
to help all people, regardless of age or health, function fully
in society as freely as possible," he said.
[PHOTOS: Portraits. CAPTIONS: 1) Gail Bryant. 2) Billie Weaver. 3) Carolyn
Scharkey. 4) Betty Walker.]
This month's recipes come from the National Federation of
the Blind of Missouri.
by Rhoda Dower
Gary Wunder, President of the NFB of Missouri, says of Rhoda
Dower: "She is the spiritual first lady of our Missouri affiliate
and one of our most outstanding fund raisers, hostesses, and
cooks. It is with gratitude and firsthand knowledge that many of
us can testify to her skill in the kitchen and her warmth as a
2-pound bag frozen hash brown potatoes
1/2 cup butter
1 can cream of chicken soup, undiluted
1/2 cup milk
1 pint sour cream
1/2 cup chopped onion
1/2 chopped green pepper
2 cups cheddar cheese, shredded
2 cups cooked chicken breast
Method: In a large bowl mix soup, milk, sour cream, green
pepper, and onions, adding salt and pepper to taste. Melt butter
in a 9-by-13-inch pan or dish. Spread one-half of the hash brown
potatoes in a layer across the pan, then add the chicken. Pour
one-half of the liquid mixture over the chicken and add half the
cheese. Top with a final layer of potatoes and the remaining
liquid. Sprinkle the remaining cheese over all. Bake at 350
degrees for 45 minutes. Serves 12. This recipe usually requires 5
or 6 boneless and skinless chicken filets.
by Gail Bryant
Gail Bryant is a long-time member of the Columbia Chapter of
the NFB of Missouri and, according to Gary Wunder, has probably
served as president of the Chapter longer than any other member.
"Gail is a tremendous cook, and her marriage to Ed has resulted
in the development of some excellent recipes which diabetics can
enjoy. Gail uses her knowledge of cooking and her Braille
cookbooks to help many of us find that special recipe." Her
husband Ed is the Editor of the Voice of the Diabetic:
3/4 pound ground round
3/4 pound ground turkey
1/2 cup regular oats
1 8-ounce can tomato puree
1/4 cup chopped onion
2 tablespoons chopped fresh parsley
1/2 teaspoon Italian seasoning
1/2 teaspoon salt (optional)
1/2 teaspoon black or lemon pepper (I prefer lemon)
1 clove garlic, finely chopped
Method: Heat oven to 350 degrees. Mix all ingredients well.
Press mixture evenly into ungreased loaf pan, or use a 9-by-13-
inch pan, and shape into loaf. Cook uncovered 1 1/4 to 1 hours,
or until center is no longer pink. Makes 8 servings. Exchange per
serving: 145 calories, 18 grams protein, 3 grams carbohydrates, 6
grams fat, 2 grams unsaturated fat, 4 grams saturated fat, 60
milligrams cholesterol, and 250 milligrams sodium. Great with a
salad and steamed vegetables.
by Cletus Hentges
Cletus Hentges is a long-time member of the Columbia Chapter
of the Missouri affiliate and was the husband of the late Mary
Lou Hentges. He has continued to be active in the Federation
since Mary Lou's death. Cletus has endowed a state scholarship in
her memory and is always helpful in getting members to meetings
and to speaking engagements featuring the Federation.
2 pounds liverwurst
2 8-ounce packages cream cheese
1 teaspoon curry powder
1 envelope onion soup
Method: Mix all ingredients together with hands and shape
into ball. Wrap tightly and refrigerate until time to use.
by Billie Weaver
Billie Weaver is a psychologist, a long-time leader in the
Springfield Chapter, a former President of the National
Federation of the Blind of Missouri, and one of the most
respected members in the affiliate.
3 cups cooked, mashed sweet potatoes
1 cup sugar
1/2 cup milk
4 tablespoons butter
1 teaspoons vanilla
1 stick butter
1 cup brown sugar
1 cup chopped pecans
Method: Combine first six ingredients and pour into a
buttered pan or oven-proof dish of appropriate size. For topping,
cream butter and brown sugar together, then fold in nuts. Spread
over the sweet potato mixture and bake for 20 minutes in a 350-
degree oven.
by Carolyn Scharkey
Carolyn Scharkey is the President of the NFB of Missouri's
Student Division, a member of the Mississippi Triangle Chapter,
and the recipient of both state and national NFB scholarships.
She is also a mother and a wonderful cook.
3 cups cubed cooked ham
6 cups peeled cubed potatoes
1 cup peeled diced onions
1 cup finely chopped celery
1 cup peeled cubed apples
1 can cream of mushroom soup
1 8-ounce container sour cream
1/2 cup milk
6 slices American cheese
Method: Lightly grease bottom and sides of 9-by-13-inch pan.
Mix together ham, potatoes, onions, celery, and apple. Combine
soup, sour cream, and milk and pour over the ham mixture in the
pan. Top with American cheese, cover with foil, and bake at 350
degrees for 45 minutes. Remove cover and brown for 15 minutes.
by Betty Walker
Betty and David Walker are active members of the Jefferson
City Chapter of the NFB of Missouri. Undoubtedly more
Federationists attended their wedding than have ever attended any
other because it took place at the close of the Wednesday session
of the 1982 Convention in Minneapolis. They report that Dudley,
who is an American Water Spaniel, is indeed fond of these treats.
When he hears them mentioned, he runs to the kitchen and gazes
hopefully at the tin in which they are kept.
2 cups whole wheat flour
3 tablespoons oatmeal
1 teaspoon garlic powder
1 egg, slightly beaten
2/3 cup boiling water
1 bouillon cube, any flavor
Method: Dissolve bouillon cube in boiling water; set aside.
Mix together dry ingredients and stir in egg. Stir in bouillon
with fork until dough forms a ball. Turn dough onto lightly
floured surface; roll or press to about 1/4-inch thickness. Cut
with donut cutter. Gather together donut holes and scraps,
flatten again and cut more donuts. Place in microwaveable baking
dish, cook on high for 10 minutes. Donuts will harden as they
cool. Makes twenty donuts. If all donuts will not fit in baking
dish, place half in dish and microwave on high for seven minutes;
repeat with remaining half.
If you or a friend would like to remember the National
Federation of the Blind in your will, you can do so by employing
the following language:
"I give, devise, and bequeath unto National Federation of
the Blind, 1800 Johnson Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21230, a
District of Columbia nonprofit corporation, the sum of $_____ (or
"_____ percent of my net estate" or "The following stocks and
bonds: _____") to be used for its worthy purposes on behalf of
blind persons."
** What's New in the Car Rental Business?:
In the June, 1993, issue of the Braille Monitor, Ed and Toni
Eames described some problems they were having with car rental
companies and the measures they have pursued to alleviate them.
They recently sent us the following update on the situation:
The issue was simple. As blind consumers with a valid credit
card, we wanted the same right as sighted people have to rent a
car. Some companies required a driver's license as the only
acceptable means of identification for car rental. Therefore,
they would not accept our California non-driver identification
cards. This clearly smacked of discrimination and violated state
and federal law.
We filed two separate complaints under Title Three of the
Americans With Disabilities Act against Dollar and Enterprise car
rental companies. The Department of Justice has been
investigating these complaints and working with the companies to
change their policies and practices. Currently both companies say
they have changed their practices, permitting us to rent cars
using non-driver identification cards, and that they are working
toward a change in policy. The Department of Justice
investigating attorneys have asked us to notify them of any
recent denials of the right to rent cars from these two
companies. If you have had a problem with Dollar, please contact
Maggie Prieto. If you have had a problem with Enterprise, please
write to Mary Lou Mobley. Both can be contacted at Civil Rights
Division, Public Access Section, U.S. Department of Justice, P.O.
Box 66738, Washington, D.C. 20035-6738. If you have had a problem
and write to either attorney, please send us a copy. Toni and Ed
Eames can be contacted at 3376 North Wishon, Fresno, California
93704; or call (209) 224-0544.
[PHOTO: Tom Bickford stands with his hand on that of Elijah Cummings, who is
under sleep shades, instructing Mr. Cummings how to use the white cane.
CAPTION: Tom Bickford teaches Maryland Delegate Elijah Cummings the proper way
to hold a long white cane.]
** Book on Cane Travel Now Available from NLS:
Care and Feeding of the Long White Cane: Instructions in
Cane Travel for Blind People by Thomas Bickford, published by the
National Federation of the Blind, is now available from your
cooperating NLS network library as BR9342, one volume, and
RC37053, one cassette.
The Library of Congress annotation reads as follows: the
author, blind himself, begins with instructions for novices in
cane use and continues with step-by-step advice on walking within
buildings, following traffic patterns, and using public
transportation. Also discussed are recreational hiking and
dealing with inclement weather.
** For Sale:
We have been asked to carry the following announcement:
I have a slightly used Visual Tek for sale. It is in very
good condition, and I am asking $850. For more information please
call Nino Pesce at (215) 322-4447, or write to him at 4356 Pine
St., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19053.
** Hoping To Find:
We have been asked to carry the following request:
I am seeking to purchase a 4-volume map set of the United
States, which was available from the American Printing House for
the Blind in the 1970's but is no longer available. If you have
any information about where I might purchase this item, please
write in Braille or on cassette to Les Seitz, 5415 North Sheridan
Road, #4908, Chicago, Illinois 60640.
[PHOTO: Portrait. CAPTION: Joe Ruffalo.]
** Elected:
Joe Ruffalo, President of the National Federation of the
Blind of New Jersey, reports that at the affiliate's May 1, 1994,
convention the following officers were elected: Joseph Ruffalo,
President; Ever Lee Dow, First Vice President; Tracey Hall,
Second Vice President; Dr. Edwin Lewinson, Secretary; and Gloria
Lewis, Treasurer. Kathleen Benjamin, Rose Bethea, Michelle
Foster, and Jerilyn Higgins were elected to serve as board
** Information Needed:
We have been asked to carry the following announcement:
I would like to get in touch with users of IBM-compatible
computers who know of any games compatible with speech output
other than those created by Richard DeSteno. I would also like to
find documentation on Flipper and Accent. I have both programs on
my PC but know very little about them. I would also like to get
in touch with Braille 'n Speak 640 users. You can contact me in
print, Braille, tape, or by phone. Contact Marie Lagerquist,
12003 Green Mountain Street, Reno, Nevada 89506; or call (702)
** Perkins Brailler Repairs Available:
Joseph Staniewski has asked us to report the following:
The Selective Doctor, Inc., is a new repair service for all
IBM typewriters and now Perkins Braille writers. Located in
Baltimore, the service has done work for the Maryland School for
the Blind and a number of other organizations in Maryland. They
are now prepared to receive Perkins Braillers sent to them from
around the country. They advertise top quality service at
yesterday's prices. They also request a phone call before
shipment of Braillers and ask that equipment be insured in the
mails. For more information contact the Selective Doctor, Inc.,
P.O. Box 28432, Baltimore, Maryland 21234; or call (410) 668-
** For Sale:
Perkins large-cell brailler in excellent condition. If
interested, please call Jo Nell Standefer anytime at (505) 274-
** Cruise Information Available:
We have been asked to carry the following announcement:
"Custom Cruise News" is a bi-weekly publication available in
accessible format. It is a source of current cruise information
and specials offered by cruise lines through Custom Cruises
Unlimited, Inc. Subscription cost is $36 a year. Advertising is
free to subscribers and should be submitted in Braille or on
cassette. For more information write to Custom Cruises Unlimited,
Inc., 8036 Congresswood Lane, Cincinnati, Ohio 45224; or call
** Book About CD-Rom Available:
We have been asked to carry the following announcement:
National Braille Press has just released a new book on CD-
ROM technology called The CD-ROM Advantage. This book answers the
most commonly-asked questions about CD-ROM technology and how it
works with speech and Braille. The book has practical advice from
blind CD-ROM users who talk about the advantages, and the
pitfalls, of this exciting new technology. Profiles of blind
users add a human element to an otherwise technical subject, and
as an added feature the book lists over one-hundred CD-ROM titles
that do work with speech and Braille. There's plenty of resource
information, including where to go for help and support. The cost
is $11.95 in Braille, disk, or print (add $3.50 for postage on
the print edition).
** In Memoriam:
Karen Mayry, President of the National Federation of the
Blind of South Dakota, reports with sorrow the death last fall of
Harold Pigsley, charter member of the Black Hills Chapter. She
says, "Harold succumbed to complications of diabetes at the age
of seventy-two. He had struggled many years with the disease but
always held firm in his belief that blindness could be reduced to
a mere nuisance. His dedication, support, and great sense of
humor helped set the tone for the Black Hills Chapter. His
business acumen, willingness always to do more than his share,
and positive attitude helped the rest of us to do our part. He
was loved by all and will be intensely missed."
** Pen Pals Wanted:
We have been asked to carry the following announcement:
I would like to correspond with Americans or Canadians
between the ages of twenty and forty-five. I am totally blind and
would like to exchange ideas with people who work in the fields
of recreation, camp counseling, and children's camp
administration. My interests are sports; radio (contemporary,
Christian, southern, gospel, and country and western); blue
grass, pop, and Latin music; blindness issues; the outdoors; and
shortwave listening. Interested people should write in Braille,
computer Braille, print, or cassette tape to Eric Calhoun, P.O.
Box 1003, Inglewood, California 90308.
** Perkins Brailler Needed:
Incarcerated Braille transcribing student seeks to purchase
a new or used Perkins Brailler. Please write (print or Braille):
Michael Portzer #168686, CCA/SCCC 10A/B/205, P.O. Box 279,
Clifton, Tennessee 38425-0279.
** New Chapter:
Karen Mayry, President of the National Federation of the
Blind of South Dakota, writes as follows:
The City of Yankton is the home of our newest National
Federation of the Blind of South Dakota chapter. Affiliate Board
members Noble Mellegard, Eileen Tscharner, and Karen Mayry held
an organizing dinner in November, 1993. Attendees expressed
interest in forming a chapter in Yankton. The first meeting,
despite a horrendous snow storm, found a large group of people
gathered at the public library to elect officers, listen to
Denise Jones present her Washington Seminar report, and visit.
Enthusiasm ran high that evening. With such interest and energy,
Yankton members will help educate others about the respectability
of blindness, the tools of independence, and the ways in which
good training can lead to success. Elected officers include
Denise Jones, President; Harley Evans, Vice President; and Peggy
Klimisch, Secretary/Treasurer.
** Disability Resource List Available:
A two-90-minute-cassette package of disability resources has
been compiled by Federationist Nancy Scott. It contains national
agency, organization, and catalog information for people with
vision, learning, and mobility impairments, as well as
information for senior citizens and families of people in the
above groups. The list features names, addresses, phone numbers,
and brief descriptions of services plus some surprises put in
just for fun.
Cost for "Disability Resources" is $4 per copy. Cassettes
can be played on any recorder. Make checks payable to Nancy
Scott, and send to 1141 Washington St., Easton, Pennsylvania
18042. Tapes will be mailed free matter.
** Business Opportunity Available:
We have been asked to carry the following announcement:
Rapid growth in consumer electronics provides a part-time or
full-time opportunity for you. International company needs highly
motivated individuals in order to expand locally, nationally, and
internationally. Sales and sales management opportunities as
independent distributors available in every state, Canada, the
United Kingdom, and soon the rest of Europe. Start your own
business to sell security and home entertainment electronic
products directly to consumers. Work from your home. Minimal
investment. Please contact Federation member Leonard Shije at
(505) 292-5088; or write him at 10400 Griffith Park Drive, N.E.,
Albuquerque, New Mexico 87123.
** Braille Machzor Available:
We have been asked to carry the following announcement:
Jewish blind who are interested in obtaining Braille copies
of the "Machzor" for the High Holy Days to participate in the
services for Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur may obtain their
complimentary copies by writing to JHB, P.O. Box 290336,
Brooklyn, New York 11229; or sending a fax to (718) 338-0653.
BEAT the BOMB 1.30 Timed Addition Game. Race
against a clock, a bomb, or a snail or build
castles with correct answers. Has MANY easy
to set up options. Setups and scores saved.
Used in schools and in homeschools. Fast
animated color graphics. The enhanced version
($15 + $3 S&H) includes add., subt., mult.,
div., combined mode, more animation. Needs
mouse, 512k, DOS 2.1+, color EGA/VGA.
Early Childhood-Number Concepts-(Talks)-
Child flies butterfly, bee, or hummingbird
to correctly numbered flower. Number
Concepts include matching numerals, matching
audio numerals to visual, counting images,
counting by 1, 2, 5, & 10, and number
patterns.Rqs.CGAorVga.512k.(Sound Blaster,e
Education - Mathematics

Crochet: Strawberry Potholder Instructions
Computes fret